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Universiti U

U U

Malaysia
Y FAHANG Engineering* Creativity

FACULTY OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS & SOFTWARE ENGINEERING


FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE : APPLIED STATISTICS

COURSE CODE : BCT2053

LECTURER : NORYANTI MUHAMMAD


AZLYNA SENAWI

DATE : 8 NOVEMBER 2010

DURATION : 3 HOURS

SEMESTER : SESSION 2010/2011 SEMESTER I

PROGRAMME CODE : BCN

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:

1. This question paper consists of SEVEN (7) questions. Answer ALL


questions.
2. Write your answers in the answer booklet provided.
3. Answer EACH question on a new page.
4. All calculations and assumptions must be clearly shown.

EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS:

1. Statistical Tables and Formula


2. Scientific Calculator

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of NINE (9) printed pages including the front page.
BCN/101 111BCT2053
CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 1

UMP Human Resources and Management Department doing a survey of newspaper read
by non academic staff. The staffs are randomly picked for the survey and the data are
summarized as follows.
rNewspapers Number of staffs
Berita Harian 30
Kosmo 42
New Straits Times 15
The Star 20

(a) What is the population for the study?


(1 Mark)

(b) Determine the technique of collecting data used in this survey.


(1 Mark)

QUESTION 2

Two different brands of latex paint are being considered for use. Drying time in hours is
being measured on specimen samples of the use of the two paints. Fifteen specimens for
each were selected and the drying times are given as follows.

Paint A Paint B
• 4: ) 4
--,.••- •,
2.7 3.3 5.2 42 2.9 5.3 4.3 6.0 5.2 3.7

4. I sTh' .i4T-4.-

Assume the drying time is normally distributed with a, = a' - Find a 95% confidence
interval for the difference of the true average drying time between the two brands of

paints.
(11 Marks)

2
BCN/101111BCT2053
CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 3

Past data indicate that the variance of measurements made on sheet metal stampings by
experienced quality inspector is 0.15 square inch. Such measurements made by an
inexperienced inspector could have too large variance perhaps because of inability to read
instruments properly or too small variance perhaps because unusually high or low
measurements are discarded. A new inspector measures a random sample of 80
stampings with a variance of 0.10 square inch.

(a) Test a hypothesis testing at 0.01 level of significance whether the new inspector is
making satisfactory measurements. Assume normality.
(8 Marks)

(b) Construct a 95% confidence interval for the true standard deviation of
measurements made on sheet metal stampings by new inspector.
(5 Marks)

QUESTION 4

Samples of peanut butter produced by three different manufacturers were tested for
sodium content (measured in mg), with the following results:

Sodium content Mean Variance

Brand 8.3 3.1 4.7 7.5 6.3 5.40 5.56


A
Brand V
4.5 3.8 5.6 7.2 3.2 2.7 4.50 2.78

B
rand
C
5.3 3.5 2.4 6.8
__TB
4.2 3.0 4.20 2.63

Is there a significant difference in the mean amounts of sodium content in these


samples? Use a 0.05
(15 Marks)
BCN/101 1UBCT2O53
CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 5

A group of researchers conducted two-factor experiment used to investigate the effect of


pH and catalyst concentration on product viscosity (measured in centistokes). The data
are as follows.
Catalyst Concentration
pH 27
25
5.6 192, 199, 189, 198 178, 186, 179, 188
5.9 185, 193, 185, 192 197, 196, 204, 244

(a) The ANOVA summary table for the above data is shown below.

Source of variation SS df MS F
pH 473.063 473.063 3.230
Catalyst Concentration 95.063 1 _____
Interaction 1 1105.563 7.550
Error 1757.250
Total 3430.938 15 -- - - -

Fill in the missing entries.


(6 Marks)

(b) At a= 0.05 , test is there an interaction effect between pH and catalyst


concentration on product viscosity.
(5 Marks)

4
BCN/101 1I/BCT2053
CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 6

A study of seat belt users and nonusers yielded a randomly selected sample data
summarized in the following table. At a 0.1 significance level, test the claim that the
amount of smoking is independent with seat belt use.

Number of Cigarettes Smoked per Day


0 1-14 l5 and over
[Wear seat belt 175 20 48
(Don't wear seat belt 149 17 50

(14 Marks)
BCN/101111BCT2053
CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 7

In an experiment, the masses (in grams) of potassium bromide dissolved in 100 grams of
water were recorded at temperature raised from 10°C.

Temperature (°C) Mass (gram)


10 61
20 64
30 70
40 73
50 78

(a) Compute the value of the correlation coefficient for the above data.
(8 Marks)

(b) What can you conclude from the value of the correlation coefficient obtained from

part (a)?
(1 Mark)

(c) Assuming that there is a significant linear relationship between the temperature 100
grams of water and the mass of potassium bromide, find the equation of the
regression line for the data.
(3 Marks)

(d) Estimate the mass of potassium bromide will dissolve in 100 grams of water at

temperature 350C.
(2 Marks)

END OF EXAMINATION PAPER


BCN/101 111BCT2053
CONFIDENTIAL

APPENDIX - Table of Formulas

Confidence Interval & Hypothesis Testing for one Population

[-
X ± Z
2fl) I

[
X±Za/2n) Ztest=

/IT
Y,,rn-

±
[ X±t_ j tIest
/

x
Za Z =
-
where 3 - and =1—
n )

((n_1)s (n-1)s2 2
' Z_a,n_i

Confidence Interval & Hypothesis Testing for Two Populations


I '
2
St
(n-1)s2

I
- -- - crr) (
- -XI
Zf1
)-0

I
I
[k
X2)+Za/ 1a2
2 fl2 )
I2

I n1 n2

Unequal variance

S12 2
fl2)
n2

Unequal variance

/ 4Ln
V- (ni
- 2 )±ç ,V +1,ttest = _____ where
fl2)
4frL
v nl '2
fl2
W fl2)
n1-1 n2-1

BCN/10111/BCT2053
CONFIDENTIAL

Equal variance
2)-°
Ztest
FI2
-11
S, +-

Equal variance ______

(-2)-0
(i-2)±t S fl 2
tiest -

s
Fn, +

^
f
nm + l n2_1)s
1)s+
2
2)—p0 where fr5 = x- and =1—
[(1_2)±Za test -
F^ 1+ PA +
P242 k2I
fl2

1
111

If p 0 0 1 Ztest pp
- , where
= X + X2

P (ip n2
1
12— 1

S2 /,n1-1,n2-1 ' -, -

1],F
test =
-

One Way ANOVA


Continencv 'l'ables
n. xn.
SST = _1x E1.=
J
'L and

,1 j=l
n

SS (TO =ix2 ..±x2


N"
2
Ziest L
•'V
L
(n_K.
'J 'i

,;
2

,1 j1 ii

SSE SST—SS(Tr)

Goodness of Fit Simple Linear Regression

Refer to Statistical Tables and Formulae


(c—E1)2 I
ci2est
E1

BCN/101 1I/BCT2053
CONFIDENTIAL

Two Way ANOVA

SST = fl x k --X
1=1 j1 k=1 an

SSA = _x'2 _!_x2


bn abn

SSA = _x2. x2
an ' abn

___x2 — SSA_ SSB


--x
SSAB =
n j=1 abn

SSE = SST - SSA - SSB - SSAB