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# Indian National Physics Olympiad - 2011

Solutions
Please note that alternate/equivalent solutions may exist. Brief solutions are given below.
−µ0 evy I
1. (a) Fx =
2πx
µ0 evx I
Fy =
2πx

E
s  2
eµ0 I x
(b) vx = v02 − log
2πm a
(c) xmax = a exp (2πv0 m/eµ0 I)
µl yd
2. (a) ∆x = − (µg − µl )tg
D  
µl yd yd µg

(b) y =
t−4
10 − t
CS
Also acceptable: ∆x = (µg − µl )tg −

## × 1.8 × 10−2 m for t ≤ 5 s

= 3.6 × 10−3 m
(c) tm = 4 s
(d) v = 3.0 × 10−3 m·s−1
(e) ∆t = 6.7 × 10−2 s
D

for t > 5 s
or
D

µl
− 1 tg

3. (a)

## RαT0 RT0 αγ/γ−1 RT0 RT0

P1 = P2 = P3 = P4 =
V0 nV0 nV0 V0 α1/γ−1

nV0
V1 = V0 V2 = V3 = nV0 V4 = α1/γ−1 V0
α1/γ−1
HB
T1 = αT0 T2 = αT0 T3 = T0 T4 = T0
 n 
(b) W12 = RαT0 log
α1/γ−1
RT0 (1 − α)
W23 = −
γ −1
α1/γ−1

W34 = RT0 log
n
RT0 (α − 1)
W41 = −
γ−1
 n 
(c) Q = RαT0 log
α1/γ−1  n 
Also acceptable: Q = RT0 (α − 1) log
α1/γ−1
4. (a) Taking q1 = q2 = e, rn = n2 a0 − β
q1 q2
(b) En = −
8πǫ0 (n2 a0 − β)
(c) ∆E =11.5 eV (±0.15 eV acceptable)
d~v 
~ − m~v
~ + ~v × B

5. (a) m = −e E
dt τ
12 −1
(b) ωc = eB/m = 10 rad· s
(c) σ0 = ne2 τ /m = 5.8 × 107 (ohm· m)−1
(d)
σ0 τ ωc
σxy = − ; σxz = 0
1 + ωc2 τ 2
σ0
σyy = ; σyz = 0

E
1 + ωc2 τ 2
σzy = 0; σxz = σ0
(e) See Fig. (1). Either of Fig. (1a) or (1b) or (1c) is acceptable.

Jx

CS −m/eτ

−Jx

(a)
m/e τ B
z^

| Jx |
m/e τ B
z^
HB
z^
m/e τ B
−Jx

(b) (c)

Figure 1: jx vs B

(f) B = 229 T
1−γ
6. (a) VA = V0
1+γ
2V0
VB =
1+γ
VC = 0
Equations of motion:
d 2 xB d 2 xC
m 2 = −FB and m 2 = FC
dt dt

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N N

FB B C FC

mg mg

(a) (b)

Figure 2: (a) Free body diagram for the block B. Here FB = k (L − (xC − xB )) (b) Free body
diagram for the block C. Here FC = k (L − (xC − xB )).

E
r
2k
(c) ω =
m
V0
α=
1+γ
V0
β=
ω(1 + γ)
(d) 0 < γ < 2/3π

CS
7. (a) We can define D = m2 ω 4 − 4αδ and D′ = m2 ω 4 −
See Fig. (3) for detailed graphs.

u(x) u(x)
16
3

x_
αδ. There are four possibilities.

x+
0 x
0 x 0
0

## (a) D<0, D’<0 (b) D>0, D’<0

HB
u(x) u(x)

x+
x_ x_
0 0 x
0 x’_ x’+ x 0 x’+

## (c) D>0, D’>0 (d) D>0, D’=0

√ √
Figure 3: Here x± = (mω 2 ± D)/2α and x′± = 3(mω 2 ± D′ )/4α.

## (b) See Fig. (4).

For 0 < x < 0.6 motion is bounded on the left and periodic.
x ∈ [2.4, ∞[ motion is partially bounded and not periodic.
x < 0 and 0.6 < x < 2.4 forbidden motion.

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E
CS
u(x)

0.4

x
−0.07

Figure 4:
HB

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