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Promoting Ties with Taiwan Act

Michelle Fischbach (MN-07) and Scott Peters (CA-52)

In Short:
This bill requires the Secretary of State to establish and implement a plan that promotes the growth of Taiwan’s relations
with other international partners.
Background
Taiwan is a major strategic partner for the United States especially vis-à-vis China. Not only is Taiwan a democratic and
economically free nation, but it is a leading producer of many critically important technologies including having the most
advanced semiconductor foundry in the world. Unfortunately, Taiwan is increasingly diplomatically isolated. The
Republic of China (Taiwan) is the remnant of the losing side in the Chinese Civil War in which the Chinese Communist
Party (CCP) took over China. Since 1971, the United Nations has recognized the CCP, and not Taiwan, as China and
many countries followed suit. The CCP pressures Taiwan’s last diplomatic relations to sever ties with Taiwan hoping to
turn them into a pariah state. Once weakened and isolated, Taiwan would then be easy prey for a Chinese invasion.
Taiwan is not yet completely isolated. Today, Taiwan has full diplomatic ties with only 15 nations, but it has economic
and cultural missions in over 50 nations. However, the CCP has succeeded in recent years in pressuring the Solomon
Islands, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Panama, and Sao Tome and Principe into switching their diplomatic
recognition from Taiwan to the CCP. On February 5, 2021, Guyana rescinded its bilateral agreement with Taiwan after
pressure from the CCP. Lithuania announced on July 20, 2021 that it would open a Taiwanese Representative Office in its
capital and has since faced incredible pressure including threats of economic sanctions from the CCP.
In seeking to reverse this trend, Congress passed the TAIPEI Act of 2019 (Public Law 116-135) which stated a sense of
Congress that the United States should increase its engagement with nations which have improved relations with Taiwan.
The Promoting Ties with Taiwan Act would build on that foundation and require the State Department to actively help
Taiwan to improve such relations.
The Bill
The Promoting Ties with Taiwan Act would:

(1) Make it the policy of the United States to use its diplomatic weight and reputation to help Taiwan expand connections
with nations and partners around the world.

(2) Require the Secretary of State to submit a strategy to Congress (within 180 days after the passage of the bill) which
includes:
 Unclassified part:
o An evaluation of staffing and other resources needed to implement the new policy towards Taiwan.
o A strategy to help international partners establish and maintain a permanent Taiwanese presence despite
pressure from coercive influences.
o Recommendations to Congress regarding potential actions.
 Classified part:
o A report identifying potential international partners for Taiwan.
o A description of how the United States will leverage diplomatic lines of effort and resources to facilitate
government-to-government discussions between Taiwan and potential partners.
(3) Require the Secretary of State to submit a report to Congress within one year of the submission of the strategy
detailing actions taken to carry out the strategy.

Contacts: will.smethers@mail.house.gov with Michelle Fischbach and adam.taylor@mail.house.gov with Scott Peters.

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