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GSM equipment

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Reference
• Ericsson GSM RBS 2000 Basics (student
Text EN/LZT 123 3805 R2A)
• 遠傳電訊教育中心 GSM Basic Training
Material, http://www.fetec.org.tw

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GSM System Structure
AUC
SS
ILR
PSTN
PSTN GMSC
HLR
EIR

DTI
MSC/
VLR

MS BSS OMC

RBS BSC

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Radio Base Station

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Radio Base Station
To BSC
TRU Antenna
DXU
CDU

TRU

Main
supply
ECU PSU

Battery
supply
• DXU: Distribution Switch Unit
• TRU:Transceiver Unit
• CDU:Combining and Distribution Unit
• ECU: Energy Control Unit
• PSU: Power Supply Units
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TRU:Transceiver Unit

• One TRU handle 8 air time slots


• Perform Channel Coding,
Interleaving, Ciphering, Equalization
• One transmit output, two receive
inlets

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Transmission between RBS & BSC

• Enhancement of transmission network


RBS
RBS

BSC
BSC
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Transmission between RBS & BSC

• Building access network is expensive


• Chain and Tree structures Vs. Ring and Mesh
RBS
RBS
Ring

Protection

BSC
BSC 8
Antenna

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Omni-directional Antenna

GSM 1800

GSM 900

Lightning
conductor

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Directional Antenna
Lightning
conductor
GSM 1800
GSM 900

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Directional Antenna

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Antenna Diversity
• Two independent
antennas receive the Vertical Horizational
same signal array array

• Space Diversity: Two


antennas are separated
in a certain physical
distance
• Polarization Diversity:
Two different
polarization arrays in
an antenna unit

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Indoor Leakage
Coaxial Cable

Leakage coaxial cable

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Indoor antenna

Directional patch antenna Omni-directional antenna

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