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He is well known for being the co-founder and chief executive officer of Apple. Jobs also previously served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, following the acquisition of Pixar by Disney. In the late 1970s, Jobs, with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Mike Markkula, and others, designed, developed, and marketed one of the first commercially successful lines of personal computers, the Apple II series. In the early 1980s, Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of the mouse-driven graphical user interface which led to the creation of the Macintosh. After losing a power struggle with the board of directors in 1985,  Jobs resigned from Apple and founded NeXT, a computer platform development company specializing in the higher education and business markets. Apple's subsequent 1996 buyout of NeXT brought Jobs back to the company he co-founded, and he has served as its CEO since 1997. In 1986, he acquired the computer graphics division of Lucasfilm Ltd which was spun off as Pixar Animation Studios. He remained CEO and majority shareholder until its acquisition by the Walt Disney company in 2006.  Jobs is currently a member of Disney's Board of Directors. Jobs' history in business has contributed much to the symbolic image of the idiosyncratic, individualistic Silicon Valley entrepreneur, emphasizing the importance of design and understanding the crucial role aesthetics play in public appeal. His work driving forward the development of products that are both functional and elegant has earned him a devoted following. Jobs is listed as either primary inventor or co-inventor in over 230 awarded patents or patent applications related to a range from actual computer and portable devices to user interfaces (including touch-based), speakers, keyboards, power adapters, staircases, clasps, sleeves, lanyards and packages.
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1 Early years 2 Career o 2.1 Beginnings of Apple Computer o 2.2 NeXT Computer o 2.3 Pixar and Disney o 2.4 Return to Apple 3 Business life o 3.1 Wealth o 3.2 Stock options backdating issue o 3.3 Management style 4 Personal life o 4.1 Health concerns 5 Honors 6 In popular culture
1 Articles o 10. Jobs later stated. calling his LSD experiences "one of the two or three most important . He came back a Buddhist with his head shaved and wearing traditional Indian clothing. in search of spiritual enlightenment. such as one in calligraphy. Jobs returned to California and began attending meetings of the Homebrew Computer Club with Wozniak." In the autumn of 1974. Jobs' biological parents ± Abdulfattah Jandali. and Joanne Simpson. Paul and Clara later adopted a daughter. later. He took a job as a technician at Atari. he continued auditing classes at Reed. giving birth to and raising Jobs' biological sister.2 Interviews Early years Steve Jobs at the WWDC 07 Jobs was born in San Francisco and was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs (née Hagopian) of Mountain View. Jobs then traveled to India with a Reed College friend (and. with the primary intent of saving money for a spiritual retreat to India. California. "If I had never dropped in on that single course in college. Jobs graduated from high school and enrolled in Reed College in Portland.y y y y 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links o 10. In 1972. and frequented after-school lectures at the Hewlett-Packard Company in Palo Alto. Oregon. During this time. who named him Steven Paul. Jobs attended Cupertino Junior High School and Homestead High School in Cupertino. Jobs experimented with psychedelics. California. the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. California. He was soon hired there and worked with Steve Wozniak as a summer employee. the novelist Mona Simpson. a manufacturer of popular video games. the first Apple employee). who they named Patti. an American graduate student who went on to become a speech therapist ± later married. a Syrian Muslim graduate student who later became a political science professor. Daniel Kottke. Although he dropped out after only one semester.
having met in 1971. founded Apple. Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne. As Apple continued to expand. Apple recruited Mike Scott from National Semiconductor to serve as CEO for what turned out to be several turbulent years. an emotional Jobs introduced the Macintosh to a wildly enthusiastic audience. Wozniak was an electronics hacker. Jobs told Wozniak that Atari had only given them $700 (instead of the actual $5000) and that Wozniak's share was thus $350. Atari had offered US$100 for each chip that was eliminated in the machine. Steve Jobs lured John Sculley away from Pepsi-Cola to serve as Apple's CEO.C. and eventually taken over by Jobs. "Mike" Markkula Jr. 1984. Steve Jobs. some of his employees from that time had described him as an erratic and temperamental manager." The Macintosh became the first commercially successful small computer with a graphical user interface. "Do you want to sell sugar water for the rest of your life. the company began looking for an experienced executive to help manage its expansion. with later funding from a thensemi-retired Intel product-marketing manager and engineer A. Andy Hertzfeld described the scene as "pandemonium. An industry-wide sales slump towards the end of 1984 caused a deterioration in Jobs's working relationship with Sculley. asking. In 1983. and at the end of May 1985 ± following an internal power struggle and an ." At Apple's annual shareholders meeting on January 24. The development of the Mac was started by Jef Raskin. Jobs returned to his previous job at Atari and was given the task of creating a circuit board for the game Breakout. In 1976. At the time. Jobs had little interest or knowledge in circuit board design and made a deal with Wozniak to split the bonus evenly between them if Wozniak could minimize the number of chips. Much to the amazement of Atari. Career Beginnings of Apple Computer See also: History of Apple Steve Jobs and Bill Gates at the fifth D: All Things Digital conference (D5) in 2007. Apple aired a Super Bowl television commercial titled "1984. a design so tight that it was impossible to reproduce on an assembly line. when their mutual friend. Steve Jobs managed to interest Wozniak in assembling a computer and selling it. He has stated that people around him who did not share his countercultural roots could not fully relate to his thinking. According to Atari founder Nolan Bushnell. introduced 21-year-old Wozniak to 16-year-old Jobs. Prior to co-founding Apple.. or do you want to come with me and change the world?" The following year. While Jobs was a persuasive and charismatic director for Apple.things [he had] done in [his] life". Jobs and Wozniak had been friends for several years. Bill Fernandez. Wozniak reduced the number of chips by 50. In 1978.
Toy Story 2 (1999). as an example of his "interpersonal" philosophy. but has since relocated to Emeryville. Ratatouille. the digital signal processor chip. which was originally based at Lucasfilm's Kerner Studios in San Rafael. The first film produced by the partnership. NeXT transitioned fully to software development with the release of NeXTSTEP/Intel. however. Cars (2006). NeXTMail. after having sold only 50. This put considerable strain on NeXT's hardware division. it would solve many of the problems that "personal" computing had come up against. California. Finding Nemo. During a time when e-mail for most people was plain text. (2001). the company would produce the box-office hits A Bug's Life (1998). and the built-in Ethernet port).000 machines. Monsters. Ratatouille (2007). Inc. Jobs founded another computer company. experimental new technologies it incorporated (such as the Mach kernel. if computers could allow people to communicate and collaborate together in an easy way. The new company. an award introduced in 2001. The Incredibles. brought fame and critical acclaim to the studio when it was released in 1995. . and in 1993. Jobs loved to demo the NeXT's e-mail system. Over the next ten plus years. That is. chief among them its object-oriented software development system. which he believed was the next step after "personal" computing. the NeXT workstation was technologically advanced. Up (2009) and Toy Story 3 (2010). Jobs ran NeXT with an obsession for aesthetic perfection. Among those who could afford it. NeXT Computer See also: NeXT Around the same time. it contracted with Disney to produce a number of computer-animated feature films. After years of unprofitability selling the Pixar Image Computer. the NeXT workstation garnered a strong following because of its technical strengths. under Pixar's creative chief John Lasseter. Finding Nemo (2003). WALL-E (2008). as evidenced by such things as the NeXTcube's magnesium case.announcement of significant layoffs ± Sculley relieved Jobs of his duties as head of the Macintosh division. Jobs bought The Graphics Group (later renamed Pixar) from Lucasfilm's computer graphics division for the price of $10 million. The Incredibles (2004). was initially intended to be a high-end graphics hardware developer. WALL-E and Up each received the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. however. clickable embedded graphics and audio within e-mail. NeXT Computer. Toy Story. which Disney would co-finance and distribute. California. $5 million of which was given to the company as capital. Jobs marketed NeXT products to the scientific and academic fields because of the innovative. The NeXTcube was described by Jobs as an "interpersonal" computer. Pixar and Disney In 1986. it was largely dismissed by industry as cost-prohibitive. Like the Apple Lisa. NeXTMail was one of the first to support universally visible.
2006. Jobs's holdings in Disney far exceed those of Eisner.4 billion. and Iger quickly worked to patch up relations with Jobs and Pixar. In March 1998. In 1996. Apple announced that it would buy NeXT for $429 million. Once the deal closed. and OpenDoc. Jobs and Disney chief executive Michael Eisner tried but failed to negotiate a new partnership. See also: "1998±2005: Return to profitability" in Apple Inc. Jobs immediately terminated a number of projects such as Newton. many employees developed a fear of encountering Jobs while riding in the elevator. Jobs and Iger announced that Disney had agreed to purchase Pixar in an all-stock transaction worth $7. He soon became Apple's interim CEO after the directors lost confidence in and ousted then-CEO Gil Amelio in a boardroom coup. Disney. Return to Apple Jobs on stage at Macworld Conference & Expo. who held about 1% of the company's stock and whose criticisms of Eisner included the soured Pixar relationship and accelerated his ousting. to concentrate Apple's efforts on returning to profitability. as Pixar's contract with Disney was running out.  bringing Jobs back to the company he co-founded. January 11. and Disney family member Roy E.In the years 2003 and 2004. The reality was that Jobs' summary executions were rare. Wikinews has related news: Disney buys Pixar Jobs also helps oversee Disney and Pixar's combined animation businesses with a seat on a special six-man steering committee. who holds 1. In the coming months. Cyberdog. 2005. but a handful of victims was enough to terrorize a . San Francisco. On January 24. The deal was finalized in late 1996. "afraid that they might not have a job when the doors opened.7%. Jobs became The Walt Disney Company's largest single shareholder with approximately 7% of the company's stock. In October 2005. Bob Iger replaced Eisner at Disney. and in early 2004 Jobs announced that Pixar would seek a new partner to distribute its films once its contract with Disney expired. Jobs joined the company's board of directors upon completion of the merger.
Jobs officially dropped the "interim" modifier from his title at Apple and became permanent CEO. making it too costly for the manufacturers to continue making machines. the company made forays into consumer electronics and music distribution. introducing and improving upon other digital appliances. As of 2006.whole company. The banner read "Steve ² Don't be a mini-player recycle all e-waste". In 2007. a multi-touch display cell phone. most of which was granted in 2003 when Jobs was given 10 million shares. Under Jobs's guidance the company increased sales significantly with the introduction of the iMac and other new products. Jobs had not appeared on national tallies of charitable donations totaling $1 million or more. This program includes shipping and "environmentally friendly disposal" of their old systems. With the purchase of NeXT. Jobs quipped at the time that he would be using the title 'iCEO.1 billion in 2009. which has been dubbed the "reality distortion field" and is particularly evident during his keynote speeches (colloquially known as "Stevenotes") at Macworld Expos and at Apple's own World Wide Developers Conferences. a few weeks later. Jobs responded to criticism of Apple's poor recycling programs for e-waste in the U. most notably NeXTSTEP. Jobs owned 5. as compiled by Indiana University's Center on Philanthropy. Apple announced it would take back iPods for free at its retail stores. In 2006.S. he further expanded Apple's recycling programs to any U.'  In recent years. iTunes digital music software. Forbes estimated his net wealth at $5. since then. In 2005. making him the 43rd wealthiest American. Although he may well have donated significant sums anonymously. He also owned 138 million shares of Disney. which also included the features of an iPod and. by which he means that delivering working products on time is as important as innovation and attractive design.S. some . customer who buys a new Mac. the company has branched out." Jobs also changed the licensing program for Macintosh clones. and the iTunes Store. Jobs also reminds his employees that "real artists ship". With the introduction of the iPod portable music player. with its own mobile browser. revolutionized the mobile browsing scene. At the 2000 Macworld Expo. Apple entered the cellular phone business with the introduction of the iPhone. Jobs is both admired and criticized for his consummate skill at persuasion and salesmanship.426 million shares of Apple. which he received in exchange for Disney's acquisition of Pixar. appealing designs and powerful branding have worked well for Apple. Business life Wealth As of October 2009. particularly in recent years as other billionaires (such as Bill Gates and Warren Buffet) have pledged significant portions of their fortunes to charity. While stimulating innovation. which evolved into Mac OS X. by lashing out at environmental and other advocates at Apple's Annual Meeting in Cupertino in April. However. The Computer TakeBack Campaign responded by flying a banner from a plane over the Stanford University graduation at which Jobs was the commencement speaker. Jobs has been criticized for his lack of public philanthropy despite his wealth. much of the company's technology found its way into Apple products.
Apple claimed that the options were originally granted at a special board meeting that may never have taken place. Young & William L. at least in innovation and style.000 that he did not report as income. On July 1. one of the few authorized biographies of Jobs. Apple overstated its earnings by that same amount.000. In 2005. not where it has been. Since the very very beginning. 2006. Jobs might have faced a number of criminal charges and civil penalties. Fortune wrote that he "is considered one of Silicon Valley's leading egomaniacs.10. 'I skate to where the puck is going to be." ." alluding to Jobs' compelling and larger-than-life persona. Furthermore. And we always will.. The case is the subject of active criminal and civil government investigations.. Stock options backdating issue In 2001. mellow individual" and never interfered with the creative process of the filmmakers. In its 2010 annual earnings report. to make its titles available for the iPad. Despite the company's record-breaking profits and $40 billion cash on hand." Commentaries on his temperamental style can be found in Mike Moritz's The Little Kingdom. Jobs eliminated all corporate philanthropy programs as a temporary cost-cutting measure until profitability improved. Jef Raskin. after resuming control of Apple in 1997. Steve Jobs was granted stock options in the amount of 7. ²Steve Jobs Floyd Norman said that at Pixar. a $7 billion class action suit was filed against several members of the Apple Board of Directors for revenue lost due to the alleged securities fraud. thereby incurring taxable income of $20. Management style Much has been made of Jobs' aggressive and demanding personality. by Alan Deutschman. 2008. If found liable. Jobs was a "mature. This indicated backdating. which allegedly should have been $21. iCon: Steve Jobs. Simon. He summed up that self-concept at the end of his keynote speech at the Macworld Conference and Expo in January 2007 by quoting ice hockey legend Wayne Gretzky: There's an old Wayne Gretzky quote that I love. once said that Jobs "would have made an excellent king of France. Wiley said it had "closed a deal . Jobs has always aspired to position Apple and its products at the forefront of the information technology industry by foreseeing and setting trends. found that Jobs was unaware of these issues and that the options granted to him were returned without being exercised in 2003.have doubted this assumption.30. and iCon: Steve Jobs. given Jobs' equally poor track record on corporate philanthropy. by Jeffrey S. Steve Jobs banned all books published by John Wiley & Sons from Apple Stores in response to their publishing an unauthorized biography.5 million shares of Apple with an exercise price of $18.  though an independent internal Apple investigation completed on December 29. a former colleague. Jobs has not reinstated a philanthropic division at Apple.' And we've always tried to do that at Apple. the investigation is focusing on false dating of the options resulting in a retroactive $20 million increase in the exercise price. The Second Coming of Steve Jobs.
 . And the total was greater than the sum of the parts. Reed Paul Jobs. President Clinton dined with Jobs and 14 Silicon Valley CEOs there August 7. where Demi Moore. as saying she "believed that Steve became the lover of Joan Baez in large measure because Baez had been the lover of Bob Dylan. Jobs bought an apartment in The San Remo. they are done by a team of people. a friend of Jobs from his time at Reed College. Jobs also has a daughter. Deutschman quotes Elizabeth Holmes. Jobs had never moved in. and two other children. also had apartments. he later acknowledged paternity. Jobs purchased a 17.600 m2 ). 1996. The couple have a son. In June 2004. 14 bedroom Spanish Colonial mansion. Since the early 1990s. Jobs has lived in a house in the Old Palo Alto neighborhood of Palo Alto. Lisa Brennan-Jobs (born 1978). including several with experience in restoring old property.M. In 1982. Jobs is also a Beatles fan. He has referenced them on more than one occasion at Keynotes and also was interviewed on a showing of a Paul McCartney concert. Steve Martin. In January 2007 Jobs was denied the right to demolish the property. Simon. author Alan Deutschman reports that Jobs once dated Joan Baez. Presiding over the wedding was the Zen Buddhist monk Kobun Chino Otogowa. In the unauthorized biography. California. the authors suggest that Jobs might have married Baez. they balanced each other. a local preservationist group began seeking legal action to prevent demolition.000-square-foot (1. claiming that he was sterile. 1991. but no agreements to that effect were reached. Although it reportedly remained in an almost unfurnished state. iCon: Steve Jobs by Jeffrey S." In another unauthorized biography. With the help of I. Pei. planning to demolish the house and build a smaller home on the property. on March 18. he kept an old BMW motorcycle in the living room. In 1984. daughter of Rita Hayworth.Personal life Jobs married Laurene Powell. and let Bill Clinton use it in 1998. designed by George Washington Smith in Woodside. he replied: My model for business is The Beatles: They were four guys that kept each other's negative tendencies in check. When asked about his business model on 60 Minutes. The Second Coming of Steve Jobs. She briefly raised their daughter on welfare when Jobs denied paternity. but he met with complaints from local preservationists over his plans. Jobs lived in the mansion for almost ten years. also known as Jackling House. the Woodside Town Council gave Jobs approval to demolish the mansion. Later that same year. but her age at the time (41) meant it was unlikely the couple could have children. According to reports. from his relationship with Bay Area painter Chrisann Brennan. A number of people expressed interest. Steven Spielberg. Great things in business are not done by one person. Jobs spent years renovating his apartment in the top two floors of the building's north tower. only to sell it almost two decades later to U2 frontman Bono. on the condition that he advertise the property for a year to see if someone would move it to another location and restore it. an apartment building in New York City with a politically progressive reputation. and Princess Yasmin Aga Khan. by a court decision. Young & William L.  He allowed the mansion to fall into a state of disrepair.
Croix. starting when Jobs first criticized Dell for making "un-innovative beige boxes. Jobs had a public war of words with Dell Computer CEO Michael Dell. ran the company. but I thought it was worth a moment of reflection today. together with his choice to delegate significant portions of his keynote to other presenters. and New Balance 991 sneakers.He usually wears a black long-sleeved mock turtleneck made by St. Steve. Timothy D. During Jobs' absence. according to Jobs. Levi's 501 blue jeans. 1997. Cook. Jobs apparently did not require nor receive chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Apple is worth more than Dell. Based on today's stock market close. Jobs announced to his employees that he had been diagnosed with a cancerous tumor in his pancreas. After initially resisting the idea of conventional medical intervention and embarking on a special diet to thwart the disease.  Jobs at the 2008 Macworld Conference & Expo. Steve Jobs sent an email to all employees when Apple's market capitalization rose above Dell's. In early August 2006. In contrast. which has no licence plates. far less aggressive type known as islet cell neuroendocrine tumor. stated that he had a rare. He is a pescetarian. he said "I'd shut it down and give the money back to the shareholders. Jobs." On October 6. Health concerns In mid-2004. however. His "thin. it turned out that Michael Dell wasn't perfect at predicting the future. because they always got stolen. The email read: Team. The prognosis for pancreatic cancer is usually very grim. His choice of car is a silver 2006 Mercedes SL 55 AMG. Jobs underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy (or "Whipple procedure") in July 2004 that appeared to successfully remove the tumor. Stocks go up and down. in a Gartner Symposium." In 2006. That is. according . almost gaunt" appearance and unusually "listless" delivery. inspired a flurry of media and internet speculation about his health. head of worldwide sales and operations at Apple. and things may be different tomorrow. when Michael Dell was asked what he would do if he owned thentroubled Apple Computer. Jobs delivered the keynote for Apple's annual Worldwide Developers Conference.
 . WWDC attendees who saw Jobs in person said he "looked fine". In a statement given on January 5.  and a Jefferson Award for Public Service in the category "Greatest Public Service by an Individual 35 Years or Under" (aka the Samuel S. Tennessee. while others surmised his cachectic appearance was due to the Whipple procedure." On August 28. During a July conference call discussing Apple earnings. Apple officials stated Jobs was victim to a "common bug" and that he was taking antibiotics. intensifying rumors concerning Jobs' health. 2007. Jobs said that he had been suffering from a "hormone imbalance" for several months. given Jobs' hands-on approach to running his company. Apple announced that marketing vice-president Phil Schiller would deliver the company's final keynote address at the Macworld Conference and Expo 2009. Bloomberg mistakenly published a 2500-word obituary of Jobs in its corporate news service. (News carriers customarily stockpile up-to-date obituaries to facilitate news delivery in the event of a well-known figure's untimely death. On January 14. many news carriers and blogs reported on it.to an Ars Technica journal report.com. stating he would not address further questions about his health. Jobs was named the most powerful person in business by Fortune Magazine. On November 27. with Jobs still involved with "major strategic decisions. opined that shareholders had a right to know more.) Although the error was promptly rectified. noting that "while his health issues have amounted to a good deal more than 'a common bug. similar concerns followed Jobs' 2008 WWDC keynote address. referring to his blood pressure. containing blank spaces for his age and cause of death. Tim Cook. in an internal Apple memo. On December 16. became acting CEO of Apple. at a subsequent media event. who had previously acted as CEO in Jobs' 2004 absence." Others. 2008." Two years later. participants responded to repeated questions about Steve Jobs' health by insisting that it was a "private matter. Honors He was awarded the National Medal of Technology from President Ronald Reagan in 1985 with Steve Wozniak (among the first people to ever receive the honor). 2009.' they weren¶t life-threatening and he doesn¶t have a recurrence of cancer. Jobs wrote that in the previous week he had "learned that my health-related issues are more complex than I originally thought" and announced a six-month leave of absence until the end of June 2009 to allow him to better focus on his health." In April 2009. following the keynote. however. 2009 on Apple. Jobs responded at Apple's September 2008 Let's Rock keynote by quoting Mark Twain: "Reports of my death are greatly exaggerated". an Apple spokesperson said that "Steve's health is robust. Beard Award) in 1987. Jobs' prognosis was "excellent". Jobs concluded his presentation with a slide reading "110 / 70". again reviving questions about Jobs' health. 2008. Jobs underwent a liver transplant at Methodist University Hospital Transplant Institute in Memphis. The New York Times published an article based on an off-the-record phone conversation with Jobs.
turtleneck and all in the episode "Cutbacks". Jobs has also been frequently parodied: y Mad Magazine ² a feature called Calvin and Jobs.0.1 ² a 1998 three-part documentary for PBS. Books are collections of articles that can be downloaded or ordered in print. a parody of Calvin and Hobbes. starring Steve in the role of Hobbes and his attempts to explain to Calvin his job. Pirates of Silicon Valley ² a 1999 docudrama which chronicles the rise of Apple and Microsoft. He was portrayed by Noah Wyle. Pixar The organization of the artist Notes . (and sequel to Triumph of the Nerds) which chronicles the development of the Internet. MyPods. On November 5.On December 5. about the rise of the home computer/personal computer. Jobs was also parodied on Mad TV and Saturday Night Live. Women and the Arts. In November 2009 Jobs was ranked #57 on Forbes: The World's Most Powerful People. See also Book:Apple Inc. Jobs was named the CEO of the decade by Fortune Magazine. 30 Rock parodied Jobs's keynote presentation style. Jobs was selected the most admired entrepreneur among teenagers on a survey by Junior Achievement. Nerds 2. 2009. In popular culture Jobs was prominently featured in three films about the history of the personal computing industry: y y y Triumph of the Nerds ² a 1996 three-part documentary for PBS. y y y Apple Inc. y y y Jobs was also parodied in "Mypods and Boomsticks". a 2008 The Simpsons episode which features an adventure into the 'world' of Mapple. located at The California Museum for History. California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver inducted Jobs into the California Hall of Fame. In August 2009. 2007. and "Steve Mobbs".
The Independent (London).fortune/index.html."I didn't see it then.com/2008/03/02/news/companies/elkind_jobs. 4.dnaindia. CNET News. 2.html. ^ a b c "'You've got to find what you love.com. ^ Elkind. ^ "Apple again pays Jobs $1 salary".com/companyinfo/history/1986. DNA (newspaper). New York Times.cnn. http://www. ^ "Forbes 400 Richest Americans". html.co. Retrieved October 2. 1997).4 bn. 2010. January 8.com/pr/bios/jobs. 8. 10.appleinsider.com/1997/09/01/business/an-unknown-co-founder-leaves-after20-years-of-glory-and-turmoil. http://www.com/corporate/bios/steve_jobs. where they see a demo of mouse and graphical user interface 14. 2010. http://www. . http://www. http://www. Walt Disney Company. ^ "The Walt Disney Company ² Steve Jobs Biography". ^ "The Walt Disney Company and Affiliated Companies ± Board of Directors". ^ "Steve Jobs banks his $1 salary. Smithsonian Institution. ^ Gauvin. 2006 Disney buys Pixar for $7. Fortune..htm. 6. "The trouble with Steve Jobs". 3. http://www. http://www.wired. AppleInsider.edu/collections/comphist/sj1. http://americanhistory. Retrieved September 20.go. Stanford Report.com 18. Jobs and a team of engineers visit Xerox PARC. P and Arrington. Forbes.html. but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me".com/articles/06/03/14/jobss_salary_remained_at_1_in_2005. 13. ^ a b Markoff. 7. ^ "Putting Pay for Performance to the Test".disney. ^ Vivek Kaul (May 11. ^ "America's Most Admired Companies: Jobs' journey timeline".html. Wired News. 2006.1. 2010. Pixar. Retrieved May 24. 2006. Retrieved April 25. "What Steve Jobs did when he was fired from Apple".html. http://money. 2009. http://news-service.edu/news/2005/june15/jobs-061505. "An 'Unknown' Co-Founder Leaves After 20 Years of Glory and Turmoil".html.nytimes.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/steve-jobsbanks-his-1-salary-loses-500m-1232618. 2006. (Aug 9. March 13. 2006.com/2100-1047_3-6049166.apple. http://www.news. 2009. WAVERLEY STREET: Clinton stops by Palo Alto for dinner: Excited residents greet president in front of Steve Jobs' house.stanford. 2008. V. April 20.' Jobs says". 2006. http://www. New York Times. Retrieved on: 2010-07-19.go. May 2006. ^ a b January 25. Apple Inc. ^ a b "Apple ² Press Info ² Bios ² Steve Jobs". 15.com. loses $500m". March 14.com/packages/flash/business/20070408_EXECPAY_GRAPHIC/ index.com/gadgets/mac/news/2004/01/61730. CNNMoney. 1995.html. ^ a b c "Smithsonian Oral and Video Histories: Steve Jobs". 17. 2005. Retrieved March 31. ^ "Jobs' salary remained at $1 in 2005". June 14. Retrieved October 2.independent.forbes. 2009). Retrieved September 22.com/magazines/fortune/storysupplement/stevejobs/index. ^ "Pixar History ± 1986".com/corporate/board_of_directors.com/profile/steve-jobs. ^ Kahney. http://money. Retrieved September 20. Retrieved July 21. 2008). 2008. 2004).pixar. 9. 12.disney. Palo Alto Online.html. 2009.com/money/report_what-steve-jobs-didwhen-he-was-fired-from-apple_1254757. 11.html. Leander (January 6.html. 16. 2007.nytimes. 5. 2006. http://corporate.html. April 8. Retrieved September 20. rediff. http://www.si. John (September 1. Peter (March 15. "Wired News: We're All Mac Users Now". August.cnn. 1996). http://corporate.
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