Topic I: Glass blocks References:

ISO21690:2006 Pittsburgh Corning Corporation Manufacturer¶s specifications

Scope of work:

System Description Knowledge of the following basic information is essential for proper installation of Glass Block units: 1. Glass block panels shall not be designed to support structural loads. 2. Maximum deflection of structural members supporting glass block panels shall not exceed L/600. 3. Sills of all panels must be painted with a heavy coat of asphalt emulsion and must dry for two hours before first mortar bed is placed. 4. Provision for expansion and movement must be made at jambs and heads of all panels. Mortar must not bridge expansion spaces. 5. Mortar should be mixed and applied in accordance with the recommendations.

Material:

Test Reports Fire Tests Submit documents verifying glass block units are classified for a %, 1 or It/z-hour fire exposure according to ASTM E163, Underwriters Laboratories of Canada CAN 4 S106-MB0 or Up 9 ³Fire Tests of Window Assemblies.´ All such glass block unit cartons shall carry appropriate UL@ labels.

Storage and Protection

specifications and products of Pittsburgh Corning Corporation and designate the type and quality of work intended under this section. B. Store unopened cartons of glass block in a clean. 2. Project/Site Conditions A. Do not install glass block units when temperature is 40°F (4OC) and falling. Products of other manufacturers proposed as equivalent quality must be submitted through the bidding contractors for written approval of the architect ten days prior to the bid date. . cool. Maintain the temperature of glass unit masonry above 40°F (4%) for the first 48 hours after construction. published specifications and the like must be submitted for comparison. samples. PRODUCTS Acceptable Manufacturers A. Supporting technical data.A. dry area. The drawings and specifications are based on catalog data. Protect opened cartons of glass block against windblown rain or water run-off with tarpaulins or plastic covering. 1.

F. hot-dipped galvanized after perforation C. (urethane). Fire-resistant glass structures are usually made of one or more transparent space enclosing elements in conjunction with seals and fastening elements. if accepted. Packing (Backer Rods): polyethylene foam. but where natural light and/or transparency are desirable. E. When they function as a space enclosing elements. waterproof mastic. will provide performance equivalent to the materials specified herein. The specifications have been developed by Pittsburgh Corning Corporation based on extensive tests of panels composed of Pittsburgh Corning Glass Block masonry units manufactured by Pittsburgh Corning Corporation. Panel Reinforcing: two parallel Q -gauge wires either 15/8 inch or 2 inch on centre with electrically butt-welded cross-wires spaced at regular intervals. . Glass blocks used in fire-resistant glass structures are not load -bearing. Contractor shall warrant that proposed substitutions. Expansion Strips: made of polyethylene foam with a thickness of 3 inchD. they need to prevent the spread of fi re and smoke for the nominated period of time. Fire Resistance Levels (FRLs) are expressed in terms of: ‡ Structural adequacy The capacity of the element to resist failure. galvanized after welding B. These specifications do not apply to panels made from glass block masonry units produced by any other manufacturer. fissures and the like. Asphalt Emulsion: a water-based asphalt emulsion. and ‡ Insulation The capacity to keep the temperature on t he external face within specified limits Accessories A. ‡ Integrity The capacity to resist the formation of cracks. however they offer great versatility where fire protection is required. Sealant (caulk): non-staining. Fire-resistant glass blocks can be used in the following situations: ‡ To provide fi re protection in emergency escape routes. or equal. neoprene.3. Panel Anchors: 20 gauge perforated steel strips 24 inches long by 1% inches wide. ‡ To provide fi re protection on boundary walls. (silicone). fibrous glass or equal as approved by sealant manufacturer. 4. ‡ To provide fi re separation between fl oors. collapse or major damage.

1. Mix all mortar components to a consistency that is drier than mortar for ordinary masonry. the integral type waterproofer shall be omitted. Mortar: Type S in accordance with ASTM C270. all measures by volume. for thin joints. l/2 part lime. Integral Type Waterrepellent: Stearate type by Sonneborn Building Products (Hydrocide Powder. provided that not less than 92% of all the active ingredients are completely hydrated. l-800-243-6739). Retempering the mortar after it has taken its initial set shall not be permitted. Process: EXECUTION Preparation A. Note: Add hydrocide powder to dry mortar mix. Verify that (channels). Shall be a pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime. in accordance with ASTM C144. (For exterior glass block panels. .) 2. not less than 100% passing a No. an integral type waterproofer should be added to the mortar mix. If any mortar gets into the eyes. essentially free of iron compounds. B. External Type Waterproofer: Water based silane sealer type Note: Remove excess sealer from glass surfaces soon after application.Mortar Materials A. and sand equal to 2% to 3 times the amount of cementitious material (cement plus lime). 4. Mortar shall be 1 part Portland Cement. or equal. Portland Cement: Type 1 in accordance with ASTM C150. in accordance with ASTM C207. If a waterproof Portland Cement is used. rinse immediately with water and get prompt medical attention. 5. Do not add powder to wet mortar mix. (Masonry Cement is not recommended. Sand: A &lean. 3.) No antifreeze compounds or accelerators allowed. white quartzite or silica type. Lime: Type S. Freshly mixed mortar may create skin irritation. Avoid direct contact where possible and wash exposed skin areas promptly with water. C. (panel anchors) have been provided at head and jambs for the purpose of providing panel support within the opening. Do not use antifreeze compounds or accelerators. 8 sieve.

Steel tools must not be used to tap blocks into position. maximum. B. Cover sill area with a heavy coat of asphalt emulsion. maximum) where panel reinforcing will be laid. reinforcingandpanelanchorsshould beconsidered. tap or otherwise move block after initial placement.Installation A. Set a full mortar bed joint. Install panel anchors across head joint spaced 16 inches O. D. applied to sill. C. Make certain expansion strip extends to sill and covers leg of panel anchor which is attached to jambs and head. install panel anchors in the same joints (16 inches O. saline air. both at the jamb and head.).C. Maintain a uniform joint width of I to 3 inch plus or minus l/e inch.e. at panel corners. (i. NOTE: In corrosive atmospheres. F. E. 24 inches on each side of the corner. maximum in the horizontal mortar joint and in joints immediately above and below all openings within panels. (Place a rubber crutch tip on end of trowel to t ap block into position). Run reinforcing continuously from end to end of panels. anchors shall be placed in each mortar joint. EXCEPT THAT.C. . chlorine air. Allow emulsion to dry at least 2 hours before placing mortar. Set lower course of block. Do not realign. Install panel reinforcing every 16 inches O.C. Where panel anchors are used at jambs and heads in lieu of channel or chase surrounds. the use of stainless steelchannels. All mortar joints must be full and not furrowed. etc. Adhere expansion strips to jambs and head. Lap reinforcing not less than 6 inches whenever it is necessary to use more than one length.

Leave space for sealing. Exterior glass block panels shall be well sealed to prevent water entry. Place full mortar bed for joints not requiring panel reinforcing -do not furrow. Do not furrow. Remove surplus mortar from faces of glass blocks and wipe dry. Press panel reinforcing into place.Do not bridge expansion joints with reinforcing. Cover panel reinforcing with upper h alf of mortar bed and trowel smooth. Install reinforcing as follows: Place lower half of mortar in bed joint. Use only wooden or rubber tipped tools when tapping glass blocks in place. . After final mortar set (approximately 24 hours). Maintain uniform joint width. Strike joints smooth while mortar is still plastic and before final set.) At this time. (See Section 3.03). Do not furrow. (Remove wedges from lower courses of solid glass blocks and point the voids with mortar. remove and clean out all excess mortar from jamb.install packing tightly between glass block panel and jamb and head construction. head and other locations. Apply sealant evenly to the full depth of recesses as indicated on the drawings and in accordance with the manufacturer¶s application manual and instructions. Set succeeding courses of block. Tool joints smooth and concave before mortar takes final set. Space at head of panel and jambs must remain free of mortar for caulking with sealant.

Panel anchor construction .

wet sponge or an ordinary household scrub brush having stiff bristles. Mortar should be removed while it is still plastic using a clean. abrasives or alkaline materials while cleaning glass block.Cleaning A. Final mortar removal is accomplished with a clean. Rinse sponge or cloth frequently in clean water to remove abrasive particles that could scratch glass surfaces. Do not use harsh cleaners. acids (of any strength). Allow any remaining film on the block to dry to a powder. wet sponge or cloth. . Remove surplus mortar from the faces of the glass block at the time joints are struck or tooled. C. B. Never use a wire brush to remove mortar from glass block surfaces.

Do not use harsh cleaners. etc. Start at the top of the panel and wash with generous amounts of clean water.. Wait until panels are not exposed to direct sunlight. INSPECTION AND COMPLETION Glass block installation shall be inspected after the fi rst course of the fi rst panel is completed. caulking. or ‡ a quality control system approved by the Builder. Solvents or abrasive solutions should not be used. On completion of all works. E. Dry all water from the glass block surface. soft cloth. The inspection shall verify that the following are correct and to the specifi cation: ‡ the fixing of the frame. use a clean. the Contractor shall advise the Builder before covering. dry. Be careful not to damaae caulkinq bv overgenerous application of strong solventsTComply with solvent manufacturer¶s directions on label for toxicity and flammability warnings. have been applied.D. mineral spirits or naptha and follow with normal wash and rinse. remove excess caulking materials with commercial solvents such as xylene. The following are deemed to meet this requirement: ‡ a quality assurance system complying with relevant standards. Change cloth frequently to eliminate dried mo rtar particles or aggregate that could scratch the glass surface. Try this first in an unobtrusive area. and ‡ installation of reinforcement. When work has reached this inspection stage. After all organic sealants. For stubborn or hard to remove powder or stains. this advice shall be given on completion of each major stage. Maintenance Powder coated and anodised aluminium should be cleaned regularly with a pH neutral detergent solution (see AS 3715 and AS 1231) and thoroughly rinsed. Full details are provided in the Obeco Technical Manual. closing or completing the work. . the Contractor shall formally advi se the Builder of practical completion. acids or abrasives. Final cleaning of glass block panels is accomplished a fter they are completely installed. the use of an ³extra fine´ steel wool (grades 000 or 0000) is suggested. QUALITY ASSURANCE Suppliers and contractors shall provide assurance of the quality of all goods. To remove the dry powder from the glass surfaces. materials and services to be provided. SUPERVISION The contractor shall ensure that the work is performed and directly supervised by appropriately experienced personnel. Where the contract is staged. ‡ fitting of expansion joints to the jambs and head. toluene.

b. Ninth Edition 3. 3. The structure membrane shall be tensioned over the framework. the main structural trusses shall be laterally braced by tubular purlins.000 psi Tensile Strength d. Purlin Spacing: To provide for structural stability. American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI): a. shipping and handling and erection of a Relocatable. 2. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM): a. Electrical systems including interior lighting. S326 Design. S329 Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 2. SG 503 Manual of Steel Construction. 7). 1. fabrication and installation of PVDF Coated PVC tensile membrane. A325 High-Strength Bolts for Structural Steel Joints Scope of work: The scope of work includes the design. The side and gable walls of the structure shall be vertical. The interior of the structure below the main arch shall be clear and free of any structural members and shall provide unobstructed floor space. complete with associated support structures to provide a total installation. supply. The structure shall also include accessories and items required and necessary for the scope and intended use and as herein specified. c. C Para. M016 Manual of Steel Construction b. American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC): a. manufacture. These may include: a. the structure shall be designed such that the roof and gable side wall surfaces form flat planes. Requirements: Design Requirements ± Structural Frame 1.8. Fabrication and Erection of Structural Steel Buildings c. Personnel access. A36 Structural Steel b. ventilation and other accessory and cladding systems. This specification covers the design. 2. (See Part 1. The structure shall be rectangular in shape. 60. prefabricated tensi on membrane structure. window. A 307 Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs. to minimize unsupported areas of membrane fabric in the roof and to provide for installation of accessory items. Ventilation Systems. fully in conformity with the requirements and intent of the drawings and specifications herein. Roof and Wall Surfaces: To provide for maximum compatibility wi th standard door. industrial roll up and aircraft hangar doors.Topic 2: Membrane structures: References: 1. . A 123 Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products c.

Continuous. a minimum of two 1´ diameter A325 bolts shall be used at each main truss chord joint. Connecting Joints: Connections for structural elements and PVC membrane shall be properly designed with required safety factors so as to transfer all the maximum forces present in a given joint. HVAC. a minimum of two ¾´ diameter A325 bolts shall be used at each main truss chord joint. 2. 8. Weather Tight Membrane: The structure membrane shall form a continuous. Where sleeve joints are used. Shipping: The main structural trusses shall be two dimensional. 6. In order to provide for a good finished appearance and to insure weather tightness. uninterrupted weather tight shell over the framework. Proper gaps shall be maintained between sections so as to allow sufficient distance to enable full tensioning of the material. a minimum of two 5/8´ diameter A325 bolts or one ¾´ diameter A325 bolts shall be used at each ma in truss chord joint. The end bays of the structure shall be designed to be ³X´ braced early during installation to allow for permanent stability of the frame as early as practicable during the installation process. 7. Wind and Frame Bracing: The structure shall be appropriately stabilized with main wind bracing cable or rod assemblies as well as any required secondary node restraint assemblies so as to efficiently transfer wind. Likewise. Ancillary Systems: The structure shall be designed such that it can be readily retrofitted with insulation systems and other ancillary systems such as lighting. Alternative Cladding Materials: The structure shall be designed such that alternative covering materials such as metal roof and/or wall cladding can be added with minimal modification. cable diameters should be a minimum of ½´ and for structures over 200¶ span. These clips shall be a minimum 3/8´ thick A36 steel and shall be designed to properly transfer wind bracing forces within the structural frame. planar trusses which nest tightly together in order to minimize shipping and storage volume.3. For spans greater than 90¶ and less than or equal to 170¶ . For spans less than or equal to 90¶. as required. 5. the material shall be appropriately sized and reinforced so as to avoid sheer failure of the material. Cladding Section Joints: Adjacent PVC cladding sections shall either lace together with a minimum ¼´ white polyester rope or be provided with a mechanical tensioning system so as to maintain PVC tension along the length of the building. The structural frame shall be provided with engineered attachment clips or lugs for all main cable assemblies. snow and seismic induced stresses to the foundation/anchoring system. . Mechanical Equipment Interface: The main structural roof trusses shall allow for installation of electrical and mechanical equipment between the inner and outer surfaces of the truss framework. cable diameters should be a minimum of 5/8´. Design Requirements ± PVC Coated Membrane Cladding System 1. Secondary purlins shall be secured by no less than ½´ diameter bolts. etc. For structures between 130¶ and 200¶ span. the structure shall accept penetrations through the membrane for access doors and mechanical services with minimal modification. Cable diameters for main wind b racing shall be a minimum of 3/8´ diameter for structures under 130¶ span. if required. the gable wall PVC cladding shall be manufactured so as to be connected in one piece to the adjacent side wall and roof cladding without the use of catenary cables. Primary axial steel connections shall also be made with bolts of at least 5/8´ diameter grade A325. 4. For spans greater than 170¶. D. sprinklers.

7. The structure membrane shall not be designed to function as a structural member such that. Coating: PTFE. Seams: RF Sealed with sufficient strength to develop 90 percent of full strength of fabric j. Tensile Strength: as required by engineer d. APPROVED ARCHITECTURAL FABRIC MEMBRANE MATERIALS 1. 5. b.14%. 4. This seal shall provide a neat finished appearance and eliminate any loose PVC cladding that could otherwise be damaged by flapping or abrasion. h. when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84. should any damage to or penetrations of the membrane occur. Material: A. depending on required strength e. Flame Retardancy: Passing NFPA 701. Design Safety Factor: The PVC membrane shall be designed to allow a factor of safety at design loads of at least three (3) times the theoretical design strength of the PVC material. Flame Spread: Class A. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) a. Expected service life: 7 ± 10 years g. Flame retardant: NFPA 701 h. c. ventilation and other openings as well as around the structure perimeter below the main tensioning system. The system will be designed such that the membrane can be tightly and neatly secured over the structural frame and such that the system has remaining range of adjustment. . Raw Material: Polyester b. Construction: PVC/PVDF Coated Polyester c. the integrity of the structural f ramework shall not be affected. Membrane Seal at Openings and Base: The structure supplier will provide all materials and methods necessary to fully tension and seal the membrane material around all door. f. this shall be supplied separately from the main PVC cladding and attached at the base perimeter so as to allow a reasonable seal against air and water intrusion. e. Solar Transmission: 19 percent. Overlap Seams: The membrane system shall be designed such that the PVC cladding panels can be supplied with optional overlap joints to allow adjacent panels to be field heat sealed together. Composure: Solid and water repellent i. Light Transmission: 8% . When a PVC base skirt is required. g.3. Recyclable material construction 2. Color: White f. PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) coated Fiberglass a. Tensile Strength: to meet requirements of engineer d. 6. Intermittent Flaming: Class A. Base Tensioning System: The PVC cladding will be provided with a mechanical tensioning system that allows the PVC to be fully tensioned around the structure perimeter. Combustibility: Non-combustible substrate when tested in accordance with ASTM E 136. Base Fabric: Woven "EC6" glass. when tested in accordance with ASTM E 108. minimum.

25 year expected life . l. Composure: Solid and water repellent g. k. ePTFE (Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene) a. HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) a. C. Color: White d.15 year full warranty i. The steel shall be polyester powder painted to a minimum of 3 mils. 7.i. Grind all corners and sharp edges. Seams: Welded. The aluminum shall be polyester powder painted to a minimum of 3 mils. Seams: RF Sealed with sufficient strength to develop 90 percent of full strength of fabric h. The steel shall be minimum ASTM A36 for standard profiles and A500 Grade B for structural tubes. CABLES AND END FITTINGS 1. Color: As approved by architect/owner from available selection 4. Color After Exposure to Sunlight: White. Mesh fabric made from UV stabilized HDPE b. Structural frame shall be fabricated from structural steel using standard shapes.40% with respect to associated required strength c. Recyclable material const ruction B. All components will be welded or stamped with the appropriate part number in a manner that will still be visible after powder coating is applied. Sewn with PTFE thread in a zig -zag stitch to prevent failure under tension d. 5. STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING 1. 6. Light Transmission: 30% . Aluminum shall conform to alloy 6061 -T6 2. Steel will require abrasive blasting and primer before application of the polyester powder paint finish. 3. The structural members shall be fabricated in as large segments as possible to minimize field joints. 4. Flame retardant: NFPA 701 e. Neoprene gaskets will be u sed to protect PTFE against contact with metal components 3. 3. Fire Retardancy: NFPA 701 c. with sufficient strength to develop 90 percent of full strength of fabric j. No welding shall be performed in the field unless authorized in writing by the Owner or Owner¶s representative. 1. ALUMINUM MEMBRANE PLATES AND CLAMPS. Tear strength: as required by engineer b. Galvanized Cables and Fittings: a. Flame spread: Class A (ASTM E84) f. 2. Composure: Solid and water repellent m. D. All segments of the assembly will be welded or stamped with the appropriate part number in a manner that will still be visible after powder coating is applied. The fabrication of the steel shall be in accordance with guidelines set forth in the AISC steel design manual and the AWS code of structural welding. All structural wire rope shall be made from Wire Rope co nforming to AISI Steel Cable Manual requirements with a Class A galvanized coating or . All welds shall be in accordance with manufacturers design and performed prior to shipping. Expected Service Life: 20 to 25 years.

Cables of the same type shall have the same modulus of elasticity. Cables and fittings will be fabricated per the standard operating procedures of the following approved manufacturers: ‡ Frontier Technologies ‡ Ronstan International b. and conforming with ASTM A325 or A490 as applicable. c. Cables shall be tensioned to double the design load before length is cut e. Cables shall be tensioned to the design load when measuring the cut length that is indicated on the shop drawings 2. Fasteners and hardware accessorie s shall be of types and sizes best suited for the purpose as recommended by the engineer on record. Stainless Steel Cables and Fittings: a. Examine the conditions under which this work is to be performed and correct unsatisfactory conditions. The cable should be IWRC improved plow steel. 3. nuts and washers shall be electro -galvanized. In accordance with the approved manufacturer¶s standard procedures and to match approved samples. All cables and end fittings shall be delivered clean and dry. b. d. Cables which are designated to be prestretched shall be prestretched per ASTM A603 for wire rope. 2. c. pins. The design load is the load in the cable under prestressed load condition per the recommendation of the engineer on record d. Cables shall be 1x19 Stainless Steel Open Strands. Concrete anchor bolts shall conform to A307 and be Hot -dipped Galvanized. Speltered end fittings shall be hot dipped galvanized.2 ERECTION . B. BOLTS AND RELATED FASTENERS 1. Attach a tag indicating the cable length and mark number to each cable assembly. Cables should be designed with a minimum safety factor of 2 on breaking strength. g. Fasteners used on main structural members shall be hot -dipped galvanized highstrength bolts including nuts and washers. f. Cables shall be tensioned to the design load when measuring the cut length that is indicated on the shop drawings E. All other fasteners shall be adequately sized and treated for corrosion protection. Correct unsatisfactory conditions before proceeding with installation 3. Grade 316 b. h. Attach a tag indicating the cable length and mark number to each cable assembly. Swaged end fittings. Cables shall be tensioned to double the design load before length is cut j. All swaged and speltered fittings shall be designed and attached to develop the full breaking strength of the cable. EXAMINATION A. The design load is the load in the cable under prestressed load condition per the recommendation of the engineer on record i.3 FABRICATION A.approved substitute. All cable terminations and connectors shall be hot -dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. e. 2. Thimble end fittings shall develop a minimum of 110% of the cable breaking strength.

Comply with the TFS Manufacturer recommendations. B. Uniform bearing under base plates shall be provided using non shrink grouting compound where applicable. Care shall be taken not to damage cables during installation. Bolt holes shall be 1/16´ larger then the bolt. Unroll the fabric in such a manner as to avoid snagging or dragging the fabric over sharp objects during installation. Erected structural frame work shall be adequately guyed and secured to resist all possible loads due to wind and the installation process. Fabric: Prior to start of installation. The Tensioned Fabric Structure shall not be installed when wind conditions are deemed in excess of manufacturer¶s determination of safe wind speed erection conditions. . check all surfaces of framing members and other rigid construction elements to be in contact with fabric to ensure that all edges are smooth and well rounded. After installation. unless otherwise indicated. C. F. G. D. Weather Conditions: Proceed with instal lation of the fabric and associated work only when existing and forecasted weather conditions will permit work to be performed in accordance with manufacturers recommendations.A. It shall be the manufacturer¶s sole discretion to determine acceptable and safe wind condition for installation. E. Members shall be accurately set to assure proper fitting and covering. TFS Manufacturer will prepare a full and comprehensive assembly procedure guide prior to installation. Framing and structural members: Anchor bolts shall be accurately set. the approved shop drawings and the applicable Code requirements. otherwise replace damaged equipment. As erection progresses. restore marred or abraded surfaces to original condition using same paint or coating as f actory-applied finishes. Properly install all connections and provide all materials and equipment required for the erection and stressing of the fabric. Fabric tensioning system: Cables shall be free of all kinks and b ends. Creasing or folding the fabric around sharp corners shall be avoided at all times. Remove any potential causes for snagging or tearing of the fabric. when the results are acceptable to the Architect. Adequate fabric prestress shall be confirmed by the fabric structure manufacturer and the appearance of the fabric membrane roof shall be smooth and wrinkle free. the work shall be securely fastened t o resist the dead load and wind and erection stresses.

miscut. junctions and reinforcements will not be acceptable.Fabrication 1 The tensile membrane structure shall be manufactured by Multimedia Engineering Pte Ltd under factory conditions. 2 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall employ great care in cutting the fabric to smoothed-in curves. 6 Cable cuffs and pockets shall be bias cut strips of fabric with yarns at 45 degree. 3 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall cut the edges of panels to the accuracy which consistent with the design sensitivity calculations. The keder used for the fabric shall be minimum 10mm diameter hard polypropylene or polyester rope. The Architect/Engineer reserves the rights to inspect all works during fabrication process prior to delivery. Integrity of the coating must be maintained to ensure isolation of yarns from air and water. 5 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall ensure all seams are continuous without gaps or trapped pockets and of uniform width. Discolouration of seams. . or small tears shall not be used. Fabric pieces which contains faults. 4 All seams of the membrane shall be heat welded.

at least .Handling: Handle materials so as to protect materials. with labels clearly identifying product name and manufacturer. Before marking to the length at the design load. and finishes during transportation and installation to prevent damage or staining. stained. A. 12 The structural cables and fittings shall be stainless steel. 11 The supporting structure and fabric corner plate shall be galvanized mild steel plate painted to the colour as agreed by the Architect. 8 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall do the packing and delivery of fabric with preventive measure to avoid damages to the fabric. The cable shall be fabricated with a tolerance that is compatible to the Tensile Membrane Contractor¶s design. The fabric should be packed in crates and folded in a way to ensure minimal creases and folds. Supporting Steelwork & Connections 9 All the edges and corners of the metal works to be in contact with tensile membrane shall be rounded to radius of at least 2mm. 14 The fabric rigging accessories shall be stainless steel. dry. B. unopened containers and packaging. Installation 1 The tensile membrane structure shall be installed by Multimedia Engineering Pte Ltd. and do not allow materials to become wet. Handle fabric in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. in a clean. 13 The connection fittings and shackles shall be stainless steel. Use care in handling of fabric to avoid damage to fabric material and coating. well ventilated area. The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall. crush. 10 The extruded aluminium shall not have any dents. or dirty.7 The belt used for the fabric shall be woven from the high shrinkage polyester fiber that is stiffest available and having an extension at break not exceeding 12%. above ground on blocking. Do not damage. or kink cables where occurs. There shall not be any kinking or abrasion of the cables due to the movement deflection or other cause during handling and erection. scratches and burrs. the cable shall be immediately pre stretched. Delivery and Storage: Deliver materials to site in manufacturer's original. coatings. Store materials in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.

and free from any projections and sharp or irregular objects. 3 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall provide with the tender the name of the site engineer nominated to perform the said function. together with details of his/her qualifications and experience. creasing the fabric or folding the fabric around sharp corners shall be avoided. The fabric shall not be abraded in any manner. 6 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall be wholly responsible for transport of the fabric to and handling on site. for example. 2 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall assign an experienced site engineer to supervise the erection of the structure to ensure the recommended procedures are followed. The surface upon which any fabric is placed shall be smooth. 10 During the course of erection. The Architect shall be given free access to this information during the course of erection. . Any potential cause for rips that may occur during installation of the fabric shall be removed. Soft cushioning material shall be provided over any surface against which the membrane may be laid. Before installing the fabric panels. Visible repairs to the finished membrane will not be acceptable. 4 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall supply all necessary labour. 9 Any damage to the fabric and fittings must be reported to the Architect immediately following the occurrence. the Tensile Membrane Contractor is to take and record measurements of the membrane forces. by pulling tools across it or by dragging the membrane across the surfaces. submit the proposed erection sequence to the Engineer and Builder. materials and equipment for the tensile membrane structure installation. in accordance with the specification and other contract documents. 8 At all times. and employ particular measures to prevent any damage occurring to the fabric's coating or the yarns. 5 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall inspect the level and location of connection on supporting structure to confirm that it is s uitable to receive the tensile membrane structure. Those walking on the fabric shall wear appropriate soft shoes. The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall arrange for facilities to store the material so as to keep it clean and not damaged during delivery or before erection into position.one month prior to the programmed date of erection. 7 Installation shall only be carried out if the weather conditions all ows. He shall also provide the Architect with a method statement for such repairs. The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall carry out repairs to complete the roofs. Tensile Membrane Contractor shall check all the surfaces that are to be in contact with the fabric.

without defects and free of repairs. All roofs.Upon completion of the work. must carry a minimum five year manufacturer¶s warranty and must have life expectancy of 15 to 20 . The quality of the materials used shall be such that the structure is in conformance with the performance requirements specified herein. All materials used in the structure shall be new. A. Both surfaces of the fabric shall be left clean at the time of Practical Completion of the work to the satisfaction of the Architect. The material will be selected from the manufacturer¶s standard colors for the side walls and will be translucent white on the roof. Cladding Membrane: The structure shall be clad with a PVC coated polyester fabric manufactured by an approved and reputable supplier with demonst rated long term performance. The PVC coated membrane fabric shall be waterproof and free from defects. the Tensile Membrane Contractor shall give the Architect a complete record cop y. Laminated materials are not acceptable for use on the outer weather membrane. The material must be UV stabilized and flame retardant. end walls and connecting sections shall be weather tight.

095´ thickness. Flat bar and other shapes shall. at a minimum. Painting: Painting of steel components shall only be utilized if necessary for field repairs and shall not be employed as a factory finish. be to A36 or equal. Those subject to removal or adjustment shall not be swaged. C. Corrosion Protection: Welded steel work shall be hot dip galvanized to ASTM A123 after manufacture to provided corrosion protection. Metal: All components of the structural framework shall be fabricated from steel. hot dip galvanized or stainless steel. a zinc rich field coat shall be used. 2. Anchor Bolts: Anchor bolts shall conform to ASTM A36. B. no less than 3´ diameter 11 gauge for structures between 70¶ and 130¶ span. Bolts: Bolts subject to extreme stress and wear shall be structural bolts of grade A325 or equal. All bolts shall be installed and tightened per AISC Steel Manual Requirements. . 2. peened. no less than 3 ½´ diameter for structures between 130¶ and 170¶ and at least 4´ minimum diameter for structures greater than 170¶ free span.years. however the membrane manufacturer must demonstrate a minimum of fifteen years successful field experience with provision of PVC coated polyester cladding in use on structures of the type contemplated in this specification. Main truss chord members shall be no less than 2 3/8´ outside diameter 11 gauge (0. No main span tubes or any compression member in the structural frame shall be less than 0. Should field repair be necessary. All other s tructural fasteners for interior use shall be zinc plated. All other main steel components shall be galvanized to ASTM G-90 or equal. The minimum fabric specification is as follows: PVC coated materials may be considered.120´ thick) t ubing for structures under 70¶ clear span.000 psi. 1. The primary material used in the structural arches shall be steel tubing which shall be to ASTM A500 specification with a minimum yield stress of 50. Hardware 1. staked or otherwise installed.

Cable Assemblies: Main wind bracing cable assemblies shall be manufactured to the required length and press swaged with stainless steel sleeves. 7.O. The basis for commercial qual ity standards shall be: Rubb Building Systems P.A307 or A687. voids. Piece Marking and Identification: All individual parts or bundles and packages of identical parts are to be clearly marked or for identification or otherwise identified by clear installation procedures.1 by welders qualified and tested to an acceptable standard. Welded joints shall be properly sized and placed. etc. 4. Exterior Trim: Battens or washers used for final seal of the PVC membrane shall be either hot dip galvanized.000 square feet. Provide three references with structures in use for at least five years which exceed one hundred (100) foot clear span and which enclose in excess of 10. zinc plated or hot dip galvanized. ME 04073 USA F. shall be of standard commercial quality. Workmanship: The workmanship of all materials and components of the structure shall be of commercial standard quality commensurate with the functional requirements of the item. Fasteners used for exterior trim work shall be stainless steel. Provide information of company experience and engineering and installation capability which meet the above experience requirements. scab inclusion. 1 Rubb Lane Sanford. Welds shall have thorough penetration. The cables shall be properly sized with appropriate safety factors. abnormal pocket marks. Membrane Tensioning Hardware: The fabric membrane shall be tensioned with load rated hardware which is hot dip galvanized so as to prevent corrosion. G. 2. Bolts and fasteners shall be packaged . good fusion and shall be free from scabs. cra cks. Tensioning hardware shall allow for full and free rotation at the foundation connection so as to avoid fatigue failure of threaded assemblies. 6. blisters. D. stainless steel for aluminum to resist corrosion. Welding shall be performe d in accordance with AWS D1. E. 3. and other defects. Manufacturer: The structure supplier shall be a reputable manufacturer. 5. manufacture and installation of structures of the type specified herein. 3. Provide evidence of ISO 9000 certif ication or comparable quality certification. Box 711. shall operate according to a comprehensive quality system and shall provide documentary evidence as follows: 1. Other Fasteners: Non-structural fasteners such as wood screws. Welding: Welding shall be employed only when specified in the original design. Purlin Spacing: Minimum purlin spacing shall be equal to or less than 7¶ for buildings with 170¶ free span or less and equal to or less than 12¶ for free spans greater than 170¶. tek screws. shall have a minimum of ten years direct experience in the design.

B. inspect and accept material delivery.according to type. The fabric material shall be designed to withstand a maximum temperature of 150°F when stored in packing containers.500 square feet of surface area pe r day by a similar crew. operated and dismantled in all ambient temperatures between -20°F and 120°F. asphalt or concrete and shall also be capable of accepting differential settlement up to 2 -1/2% between truss positions. one installation/disassembly cycle per year with appropriate inspection and maintenance.000 square feet of surface area per day (35 square feet of structure surface area per person hour) on a prepared surface. Have been in continuous operation as a professional fabric Tension Structure manufacturer for a minimum of ten (10) years prior to this contract. Handling: The installation contractor shall be responsible for unloading. components and elements. quantity and piece mark of the various parts. count and verify quantities based on the shipping documents. Disassembly shall be accomplished at a rate of at least 2. The structure shall be capable of being assembled. thrown or dragged over the transport equipment or the ground. if necessary. At no time shall materials be dropped. The building manufacturer shall provide the purchaser with a copy of the foundation/anchoring requirements and if applicable. E. Short. The structure shall be designed such that a crew of five persons working with a trained supervisor can unpack and assemble th e basic structure at a rate of at least 2. . which shall include. field storage. The structure shall be capable of being erected upon various surfaces such as natural ground. embedment. Loose nuts and washers shall be packaged according to size and type. FOUNDATION DESIGN A. material. H. The structure shall be designed to provide a minimum of 15 year operational use period. size and length. The anchor bolt plan shall show the anchor bolt(s). Hold a valid general contractor¶s license for a minimum of five (5) years. protection and transfer to the work area of all materials and equipment required to perform work. trus s and leg truss line location and reactions. J. Material shall be protected from standing water. 2. number. Damaged or Excess Materials: Installation cont ractor shall inspect. Installation contractor will provide adequate workmen and equipment to promptly unload. Design of the foundation and/or anchoring systems for the building shall be based on the ma ximum column/truss reactions as determined and provided by the building manufacturer. the anchor bolt plan. C. Material Delivery: The building system materials shall be delivered to the project site during normal working hours on weekdays. Damage to any piece under its own superimposed weight shall be cause for repair or replacement. OPERATION AND USE A. The shipping documents shall list showing the description. D. projection and spacing. size location. I. Quality assurance: TFS Manufacturer must provide proof of the following certifications: 1.

The Tension Structure manufacturer must provide proof of Worker¶s Compensation Insurance Coverage. 20. Professional Engineer Qualifications: A p rofessional engineer who is legally authorized to practice in the jurisdiction where project is located and who is experienced in providing engineering services for installing Tensioned Fabric Structures similar to those indicated for this project and with a record of successful in service performance. General contractors license in the states of California. 8. 13. 9. 15. 6. OSHA Fall Protection Training.. Welder Qualifications: The personnel manufacturing the metal awning frames must be certified welders. 19. Nevada and Arizona. Lightweight Structures Associatio n. the operator must be Fork Lift Operation Trained. 5. The Tension Structure manufacturer must provide proof of $4 million general liability insurance coverage. the Tensile Membrane Contractor shall request for the Architect/Engineer/Owner to inspect and handover. The Tension Structure fabricator must provide proof of full -time Quality Assurance manager. Job site installation crew must include one CPR trained member on the job site at all times of the installation. Maintenance: Inspection and Handover 1 Upon completion of the tensile membrane structure.e. When forklifts are used at the job site. 17. 7. 18. Certified California AB1825 Sexual Harassment Training. 2 There shall be no crease or patches in the tensile membrane structure which are visually unpleasant. 12. Hold daily Safety Tail Gate Meetings before sta rt of installation work. Vehicle insurance certification. The installation crews must have a copy of the awning company¶s Code of Safety practices at the job site during times of installation. 4. The Tensioned Fabric Structure fabricator must provide proof they have a n ongoing written Quality Assurance program for 5 years or more. 11. Provide written Welding Procedure Specifications. 10. 14. i.3. TFS Manufacturer is required to be a current member of a professional trade association. . Hold a current Los Angeles City Approved Fabricator¶s license. OSHA 10 Hour Construction Industry Certified Training. 16.

Membrane structures: References: 1. to minimize unsupported areas of membrane fabric in the roof and to provide for installation of accessory items. 2. c. 1. manufacture. ventilation and other accessory and cladding systems. Personnel access.8. M016 Manual of Steel Construction b. S326 Design. A325 High-Strength Bolts for Structural Steel Joints Scope of work: The scope of work includes the design. the main structural trusses shall be laterally braced by tubular purlins. Ventilation Systems. Ninth Edition 3. Requirements: Design Requirements ± Structural Frame 1. industrial roll up and aircraft hangar doors. A 123 Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products c. The structure shall be rectangular in shape.000 psi Tensile Strength d. S329 Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 2. The structure membrane shall be tensioned over the framework. A 307 Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs. fully in conformity with the requirements and intent of the drawings and specifications herein. These may include: a. The structure shall also include accessories and items required and necessary for the scope and intended use and as herein specified. prefabricated tension membrane structure. shipping and handling and erection of a Relocatable. the structure shall be designed such that the roof and gable side wall surfaces form flat planes. American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC): a. window. 2. Roof and Wall Surfaces: To provide for maximum compatibility with standard door. 3. American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI): a. Fabrication and Erection of Structural Steel Buildings c. 7). supply. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM): a. The int erior of the structure below the main arch shall be clear and free of any structural members and shall provide unobstructed floor space. (See Part 1. The side and gable walls of the structure shall be vertical. C Para. complete with associated support structures to provide a total installation. b. This specification covers the design. A36 Structural Steel b. . Electrical systems including interior lighting. 60. SG 503 Manual of Steel Construction. fabrication and installation of PVDF Coated PVC tensile membrane. Purlin Spacing: To provide for structural stability.

Primary axial steel connections shall also b e made with bolts of at least 5/8´ diameter grade A325. Cable diameters for main wind bracing shall be a minimum of 3/8´ diameter for structures under 130¶ span. D. 4.3. HVAC. For spans greater than 170¶. Design Requirements ± PVC Coated Membrane Cladding System 1. snow and seismic induced stresses to the foundation/anchoring system. . 2. 6. if required. Ancillary Systems: The structure shall be designed such that it can be readily retrofitted with insulation systems and other ancillary systems such as lighting. Where sleeve joints are used. Weather Tight Membrane: The structure membrane shall form a continuous. Likewise. Cladding Section Joints: Adjacent PVC cladding sections sh all either lace together with a minimum ¼´ white polyester rope or be provided with a mechanical tensioning system so as to maintain PVC tension along the length of the building. cable diameters should be a minimum of ½´ and for structures over 200¶ span. Secondary purlins shall be secured by no less than ½´ diameter bolts. The structural frame shall be provided with engineered attachment clips or lugs for all main cable assemblies. Proper gaps shall be maintained between sections so as to allow sufficient di stance to enable full tensioning of the material. In order to provide for a good finished appearance and to insure weather tightness. planar trusses which nest tightly together in order to minimize shipping and storage volume. uninterrupted weather tight shell over the framework. 5. as required. For spans greater than 90¶ and less than or equal to 170¶ . cable diamet ers should be a minimum of 5/8´. the structure shall accept penetrations through the membrane for access doors and mechanical services with minimal modification. 7. a minimum of two 5/8´ diameter A325 bolts or one ¾´ diameter A325 bolts shall be used at each main truss chord joint. Alternative Cladding Materials: The structure s hall be designed such that alternative covering materials such as metal roof and/or wall cladding can be added with minimal modification. the material shall be appropriately sized and reinforced so as to avoid sheer failure of the material. Connecting Joints: Connections for structural elements and PVC membrane shall be properly designed with required safety factors so as to transfer all the maximum forces present in a given joint. For spans less than or equal to 90¶. Mechanical Equipment Interface: The main structural roof trusses shall allow for installation of electrical and mechanical equi pment between the inner and outer surfaces of the truss framework. sprinklers. The end bays of the structure shall be designed to be ³X´ braced early during installation to allow for permanent stability of the frame as early as practicable during the installation process. Continuous. These clips shall be a minimum 3/8´ thick A36 steel and shall be designed to properly transfer wind bracing forces within the structural frame. etc. For structures between 130¶ and 200¶ span. 8. Shipping: The main structural trusses shall be two dimensional. Wind and Frame Bracing: The structure shall be appropriately stabilized with main wind bracing cable or rod assemblies as well as any required secondary node restraint assemblies so as to efficiently transfer wind. a minimum of two ¾´ diameter A325 bolts shall be used at each main truss chord joint. the gable wall PVC cladding shall be manufactured so as to be connected in one piece to the adjacent side wall and roof cladding without the use of catenary cables. a minim um of two 1´ diameter A325 bolts shall be used at each main truss chord joint.

h. Light Transmission: 8% .3. Solar Transmission: 19 percent. f. when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84. 6. Construction: PVC/PVDF Coated Polyester c. . Intermittent Flaming: Class A. Recyclable material construction 2. Combustibility: Non-combustible substrate when tested in accordance with ASTM E 136. Color: White f. Material: A. Expected service life: 7 ± 10 years g. e. Coating: PTFE. 4. ventilation and other openings as well as around the structure perimeter below the main tensioning system. depending on required strength e. Raw Material: Polyester b. This seal shall provide a neat finished appearance and eliminate any loose PVC cladding that could otherwise be damaged by flapping or abrasion. Membrane Seal at Openings and Base: The structure supplier will provide all materials and methods necessary to fully tension and seal the membrane material around all door. Tensile Strength: to meet requirements of engineer d. When a PVC base skirt is required. 7. Base Fabric: Woven "EC6" glass. Flame retardant: NFPA 701 h. Base Tensioning System: The PVC cladding will be provided with a mechanical tensioning system that allows the PVC to be fully tensioned around the structure perimeter. should any damage to or penetrations of the membrane occur. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) a. Composure: Solid and water repellent i. Flame Retardancy: Pa ssing NFPA 701. c. minimum.14%. Tensile Strength: as required by engineer d. b. Seams: RF Sealed with sufficient strength to develop 90 percent of full strength of fabric j. the integrity of the structural framework shall not be affected. PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) coated Fiberglass a. 5. The structure membrane shall not be designed to function as a structural member such that. g. when tested in accordance with ASTM E 108. The system will be designed such that the membrane can be tightly and neatly secured over the structural frame and such that the system has remaining range of adjustment. Design Safety Factor: The PVC membrane shall be designed to allow a factor of safety at design loads of at least three (3) times the theoretical design strength of the PVC material. Overlap Seams: The membrane system shall be designed such that the PVC cladding panels can be supplied with optional overlap joints to allow adjacent panels to be field heat sealed together. APPROVED ARCHITECTURAL FABRIC MEMBRANE MATERIALS 1. Flame Spread: Class A. this shall be supplied separately from the main PVC cladding and attached at the base perimeter so as to allow a reasonable seal against air and water intrusion.

Flame retardant: NFPA 701 e. 5. with sufficient strength to develop 90 percent of full strength of fabric j.15 year full warranty i. Tear strength: as required by engineer b. Steel will require abrasive blasting and primer before application of the polyester powder paint finish. Aluminum shall conform to alloy 6061 -T6 2. Expected Service Life: 20 to 25 years. Neoprene gaskets will be used to protect PTFE against contact with metal components 3. Color After Exposure to Sunlight: White. Color: As approved by architect/owner from available selection 4. Seams: Welded. 3. STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING 1. 6. All segments of the assembly will be welded or stamped with the appropriate part number in a manner that will still be visible after powder coating is applied. Light Transmission: 30% . Mesh fabric made from UV stabilized HDPE b. D. All structural wire rope shall be made from Wi re Rope conforming to AISI Steel Cable Manual requirements with a Class A galvanized coating or . Composure: Solid and water repellent m. Seams: RF Sealed with sufficient strength to develop 90 percent of full strength of fabric h. All components will be welded or stamped with the appropriate part number i n a manner that will still be visible after powder coating is applied. 25 year expected lif e . Grind all corners and sharp edges. 7. ALUMINUM MEMBRANE PLATES AND CLAMPS. Composure: Solid and water repellent g. Recyclable material construction B. The steel shall be minimum ASTM A36 for standard profiles and A500 Grade B for structural tubes.i. The aluminum shall be polyester powder painted to a minimum of 3 mils. Fire Retardancy: NFPA 701 c. l. 2. The steel shall be polyester powder painted to a minimum of 3 mils. No welding shall be performed in the field unless authorized in writing by the Owner or Owner¶s representative. ePTFE (Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene) a. Sewn with PTFE thread in a zig -zag stitch to prevent failure under tension d. k. C. All welds shall be in accordance with manufacturers design and performed prior to shipping. 1. The structural members shall be fabricated in as large segments as possible to minimize field joints. HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) a. The fabrication of the steel shall be in accordance with guidelines set forth in the AISC steel design manual and the AWS code of structural welding. CABLES AND END FITTINGS 1.40% with respect to associated required strength c. 3. 4. Galvanized Cables and Fittings: a. Structural frame shall be fabricated from structural steel using standard shapes. Color: White d. Flame spread: Class A (ASTM E84) f.

Cables should be designed with a minimum safety factor of 2 on breaking strength. f. d. BOLTS AND RELATED FASTENERS 1.approved substitute. All swaged and speltered fittings shall be designed and attached to develop the full breaking strength of the cable. h. c. Thimble end fittings shall develop a minimum of 110% of the cable breaking strength. Speltered end fittings shall be hot dipped galvanized. The design load is the load in the cable under prestressed load condition per the recommendation of the engineer on record i. Cables shall be tensioned to the design load when measuring the cut length that is indicated on the shop drawings E. Attach a tag indicating the cable length and mark number to each cable assembly. g. Cables shall be tensioned to double the design load before length is cut e. 3. pins. Cables of the same type shall have the same modulus of elasticity. Stainless Steel Cables and Fittings: a. All other fasteners shall be adequately sized and treated for corrosion protection.2 ERECTION . Cables shall be tensioned to double the design load before length is cut j. All cables and end fittings shall be delivered clean and dry. 2. Cables shall be 1x19 Stainless Steel Open Strands. EXAMINATION A. Grade 316 b. Correct unsatisfactory conditions before proceeding with installation 3. Cables shall be tensioned to the design load whe n measuring the cut length that is indicated on the shop drawings 2. Cables and fittings will be fabricated per the standard operating procedures of the following approved manufacturers: ‡ Frontier Technologies ‡ Ronstan International b. Examine the conditions under which this work is to be performed and correct unsatisfactory conditions. e. Concrete anchor bolts shall conform to A307 and be Hot -dipped Galvanized.3 FABRICATION A. Fasteners used on main structural members shall be hot -dipped galvanized highstrength bolts including nuts and w ashers. In accordance with the approved manufacturer¶s standard procedures and to match approved samples. Swaged end fittings. Fasteners and hardware accessories shall be of types and sizes best suited for the purpose as recommended by the engineer on record. B. c. nuts and washers shall be electro -galvanized. Cables which are designated to be prestretched shall be prestretched per ASTM A603 for wire rope. Attach a tag indicating the cable length and mark number to each cable assembly. The cable should be IWRC improved plow steel. b. The design load is the load in the cable under prestressed load condition per the recommendation of the engineer on record d. 2. and conforming with ASTM A325 or A490 as applicable. All cable terminations and connectors shall be hot -dipped galvanized for corrosion protection.

Remove any potential causes for snagging or tearing of the fabric. Care shall be taken not to damage cables during installation. Erected structural frame work shall be adequately guyed and secured to resist all possible loads due to wind and the installation process. B. It shall be the manufacturer¶s sole discretion to determine acceptable and safe wind condition for installation. As erection progresses. Adequate fabric prestress shall be confirmed by the fabric structure manufacturer and the appearance of the fabric membrane roof shall be smooth and wrinkle free. Creasing or folding the fabric around sharp corners shall be avoided at all times. TFS Manufacturer will prepare a full and comprehensive assembly procedure guide prior to installation. when the results are acceptable to the Architect. Properly install all connections and provide all materials and equipment required for the erection and stressing of the fabric. . unless otherwise indicated. Framing and structural members: Anchor bolts shall be accurately set. G. After installation. The Tensioned Fabric Structure shall not be installed when wind conditions are deemed in excess of manufacturer¶s determination of safe wind speed erection conditions. Weather Conditions: Proceed with installation of the fabric and associated work only when existing and forecasted weather conditions will permit work to be performed in accordance with manufacturers recommendations. D.A. check all surfaces of framing members and other rigid construction elements to be in contact with fabric to ensure that all edges are smooth and well rounded. the approved shop drawings and the applicable Code requirements. restore marred or abraded surfa ces to original condition using same paint or coating as factory-applied finishes. Uniform bearing under base plates shall be provided using non shrink grouting compound where applicable. Fabric tensioning system: Cables shall be free of all kinks and bends. Comply with the TFS Manufacturer recommendations. Members shall be accurately set to assure proper fitting and covering. the work shall be securely fastened to resist the dead load and wind and erection stresses. E. Bolt holes shall be 1/16´ larger then the bolt. Unroll the fabric in such a manner as to avoid snagging or dragging the fabric over sharp objects during installation. Fabric: Prior to start of installation. C. F. otherwise replace damaged equipment.

7 The belt used for the fabric shall be woven from the high shrinkage polyester fiber that is stiffest available and having an extension at break not exceeding 12%. Discolouration of seams.Fabrication 1 The tensile membrane structure shall be manufactured by Multimedia Engineering Pte Ltd under factory conditions. 2 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall employ great care in cutting the fabric to smoothed-in curves. or small tears shall not be used. 5 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall ensure all seams are continuous without gaps or trapped pockets and of uniform width. Integrity of the coating must be maintained to ensure isolation of yarns from air and water. The Architect/Engineer reserves the rights to inspect all works during fabrication process prior to delivery. junctions and reinforcements will not be acceptable. 6 Cable cuffs and pockets shall be bias cut strips of fabric with yarns at 45 degree. The keder used for the fabric shall be minimum 10mm diameter hard polypropylene or polyester rope. Fabric pieces which contains faults. 3 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall cut the edges of panels to the accuracy which consistent with the design sensitivity calculations. . miscut. 4 All seams of the membrane shall be heat welded.

stained. with labels cl early identifying product name and manufacturer. 12 The structural cables and fittings shall be stainless steel. 11 The supporting structure and fabric corner plate shall be galvanized mild steel plate painted to the colour as agreed by the Architect.Handling: Handle materials so as to protect materials. the cable shall be immediately pre stretched. coatings. in a clean. scratches and burrs. above ground on blocking. 2 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall assign an experienced site engineer to supervise the erection of the structure to ensure the recommended procedures are followed.8 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall do the packing and delivery of fabric with preventive measure to avoid damages to the fabric. Before marking to the length at the design load. 10 The extruded aluminium shall not have any dents. Use care in handling of fabric to avoid damage to fabric material and coating. or kink cables where occurs. Do not damage. submit the proposed erection sequence to the Engineer and Builder. A. 13 The connection fittings and shackles shall be stainless steel. Delivery and Storage: Deliver materials to site in manufacturer's original. at least one month prior to the programmed date of erection. Supporting Steelwork & Connections 9 All the edges and corners of the metal works to be in contact with tensile membrane shall be rounded to radius of at least 2mm. and finishes during transportation and installation to prevent damage or staining. The fabric should be packed in crates and folded in a way to ensure minimal creases and folds. well ventilated area. . and do not allow materials to become wet. unopened containers and packaging. Installation 1 The tensile membrane structure shall be installed by Multimedia Engineering Pte Ltd. 14 The fabric rigging accessories shall be stainless steel. B. Handle fabric in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. There shall not be any kinking or abrasion of the cables due to the movement deflection or other cause during handling and erection. The cable shall be fabricated with a tolerance that is compatible to the Tensile Membrane Contractor¶s design. or dirty. Store materials in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall. dry. crush.

The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall arrange for facilities to store the material so as to keep it clean and not damaged during delivery or before erection into position.3 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall provide with the tender the name of the site engineer nominated to perform the said function. Any potential cause for rips that may occur during installation of the fabric shall be removed. The fabric shall not be abraded in any manner. Visible repairs to the finished membrane will not be acceptable. materials and equipment for the tensile membrane structure installation. the Tensile Membrane Contractor shall give the Architect a complete record copy. Those walking on the fabric shall wear appropriate soft shoes. The surface upon which any fabric is placed shall be smooth. 7 Installation shall only be carried out if the weather conditions allows. for example. The Tensile Membr ane Contractor shall carry out repairs to complete the roofs. 6 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall be wholly responsible for tra nsport of the fabric to and handling on site. in accordance with the specification and other contract documents. . Soft cushioning material shall be provided over any surface against which the membrane may be laid. creasing the fabric or folding the fabric around sharp corners shall be avoided. and free from any projections and sharp or irregular objects. by pulling too ls across it or by dragging the membrane across the surfaces. 8 At all times. Before installing the fabric panels. 5 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall inspect the level and location of connection on supporting structure to confirm that it is suitable to receive the tensile membrane structure. He shall also provide the Architect with a method statement for such repairs. and employ particular measures to prevent any damage occurring to the fabric's coating or the yarns. Upon completion of the work. Both surfaces of the fabric shall be left clean at the time of Practical Completion of the work to the satisfaction of the Architect. 9 Any damage to the fabric and fittings must be reported to the Architect immediately following the occurrence. the Tensile Membrane Contractor is to take and record measurements of the membrane forces. 10 During the course of erection. Tensile Membrane Contractor shall check all the surfaces that are to be in contact with the fabric. The Architect shall be given free access to this information during the course of erection. together with details of his/her qualifications and experience. 4 The Tensile Membrane Contractor shall supply all necessary labour.

A. All roofs.All materials used in the structure shall be new. end walls and connecting sections shall be weather tight. The PVC coated membrane fabric shall be waterproof and free from defects. The quality of the materials used shall be such that the structure is in conformance with the performance requirements specified herein. must carry a minimum five year manufacturer¶s warranty and must have life expectancy of 15 to 20 years. Cladding Membrane: The structure shall be clad with a PVC co ated polyester fabric manufactured by an approved and reputable supplier with demonstrated long term performance. Laminated materials are not acceptable for use on the outer weather membrane. The material will be selected from the manufacturer¶s standard colors for the side walls and will be translucent white on the roof. The material must be UV stabilized and flame retardant. without defects and free of repairs. The minimum fabric specification is as follows: .

Main truss chord members shall be no less than 2 3/8´ outside diameter 11 gauge (0. be to A36 or equal. at a minimum. zinc plated or hot dip . a zinc rich field coat shall be used. All bolts shall be installed and tightened per AISC Steel Manual Requirements. 5. Flat bar and other shapes shall. 4.095´ thickness. No main span tubes or any compression member in the structural frame shall be less than 0. stake d or otherwise installed. 1. The primary material used in the structural arches shall be steel tubing which shall be to ASTM A500 specification with a minimum yield stress of 50. tek screws. C. Tensio ning hardware shall allow for full and free rotation at the foundation connection so as to avoid fatigue failure of threaded assemblies. no less than 3´ diameter 11 gauge for structures between 70¶ and 130¶ span. etc.PVC coated materials may be considered. Painting: Painting of steel components shall only be utilized if necessary for field repairs and shall not be employed as a factory finish. 2. shall be of standard commercial quality. All other main steel components shall be galvanized to ASTM G-90 or equal. Hardware 1. 3. A307 or A687. All o ther structural fasteners for interior use shall be zinc plated. The cables shall be properly sized with appropriate safety factors.12 0´ thick) tubing for structures under 70¶ clear span. 2. Fasteners used for exterior trim work shall be stainless steel. Metal: All components of the structural framework shall be fabricated from steel. peened. Cable Assemblies: Main wind bracing cable assemblies shall be manufactured to the required length and press swaged w ith stainless steel sleeves. Should field repair be necessary. Those subject to removal or adjustment shall not be swaged. Other Fasteners: Non-structural fasteners such as wood screws. Anchor Bolts: Anchor bolts shall conform to ASTM A36. Corrosion Protection: Welded steel work shall be hot dip galvanized to ASTM A123 after manufacture to provided corrosion protection. no less than 3 ½´ diameter for structures between 130¶ and 170¶ and at least 4´ minimum diameter for structures greater than 1 70¶ free span.000 psi. however the membrane manufacturer must demonstrate a minimum of fifteen years successful field experience with provision of PVC coated polyester cladding in use on structures of the type contemplated in this specification. Membrane Tensioning Hardware: The fabric membrane shall be tensioned with load rated hardware which is hot dip galvanized so as to prevent corrosion. hot dip galvanized or stainless steel. B. Bolts: Bolts subject to extreme stress and wear shall be structural bolts of grade A325 or equal. Exterior Trim: Battens or washers used for final seal of the PVC membrane shall be either hot dip galvanized. 6. stainless steel for aluminum to resist corrosion.

G. Workmanship: The workmanship of all materials and components of the structure shall be of commercial standard quality commensurate with the functional requirements of the item.000 square feet. good fusion and shall be free from scabs. quantity and piece mark of the various parts. J. abnormal pocket marks. blisters.galvanized. E. Purlin Spacing: Mini mum purlin spacing shall be equal to or less than 7¶ for buildings with 170¶ free span or less and equal to or less than 12¶ for free spans greater than 170¶. 3. Provide three references with structures in use for at least five years which exceed one hundred (100) foot clear span and which enclose in excess of 10. Material Delivery: The building system materials shall be delivered to the project site during normal working hours on weekdays. 2. Welded joints shall be properly sized and placed. components and elements. H. field storage. inspect and accept material delivery. 7. ME 04073 USA F. Welding shall b e performed in accordance with AWS D1. Damaged or Excess Materials: Installation contractor shall inspect. thr own or dragged over the transport equipment or the ground. At no time shall materials be dropped. Welds shall have thorough penetration. Installation contractor will provide adequate workmen and equipment to promptly unload. shall have a minimum of ten years direct experience in the design. 1 Rubb Lane Sanford. scab inclusion.1 by welders qualified and tested to an acceptable standard. Box 711. Loose nuts and washers shall be packaged according to size and type. I. Material shall be protected from standing water. Piece Marking and Identification: All individual parts or bundles and packages of identical parts are to be clearly marked or for identification or otherwise identified by clear installation procedu res. Short. The basis for comme rcial quality standards shall be: Rubb Building Systems P. shall operate according to a comprehensive quality system and shall provide documentary evidence as follows: 1. Damage to any piece under its own superimposed weight shall be cause for repair or replacement. D. Bolts and fasteners shall be packaged according to type. voids. . cracks. size and length. and other defects. Handling: The installation contractor shall be responsible for unloading. protection and transfer to the work area of all materials and equipment required to perform work. manufactur e and installation of structures of the type specified herein. Welding: Welding shall be employed only when specified in the original design. count and verify quantities based on the shipping documents.O. Manufacturer: The structure supplier shall be a reputable manufacturer. The shipping documents shall list showing the description. Provide evidence of ISO 9000 certification or comparable quality certification. Provide information of company experience and engineering and installation capability which meet the above experience requirements.

Hold daily Safety Tail Gate Meetings before start of installation work. The structure shall be capable of being assembled. OPERATION AND USE A.500 square feet of surface area per day by a similar crew. 2. The building manufacturer shall provide the purchaser with a copy of the foundation/anchoring requirements and if applicable. The structure shall be capable of bein g erected upon various surfaces such as natural ground. When forklifts are used at the job site. Job site installation crew must include one CPR trained member on the job site at all times of the installation . The installation crews must have a copy of the awning company¶s Code of Safety practices at the job site during times of installation. which shall include.000 square feet of surfa ce area per day (35 square feet of structure surface area per person hour) on a prepared surface. 12. embedment. The anchor bolt plan shall show the anchor bolt(s). material. The structure shall be designed to provide a minimum of 15 year operational use period. Welder Qualifications: The personnel manufacturing the metal awning frames must be certified welders. D. 10. 5. the anchor bolt plan. The structure shall be designed such that a crew of five persons working with a trained supervisor can unpack and assemble the basic structure at a rate of at least 2. 3. C. Quality assurance: TFS Manufacturer must provide proof of the following certifi cations: 1. OSHA Fall Protection Training. 4. operated and dismantled in all ambient temperatures between -20°F and 120°F. if necessary. 9. number. 11. 6. Disassembly shall be accomplished at a rate of at least 2. 8. E. the operator must be Fork Lift Operation . B. Hold a current Los Angeles City Approved Fabricator¶s license. Hold a valid general contractor¶s license for a minimum of five (5) years. Design of the foundation and/or anchoring systems for the building shall be based on the maximum column/truss reactions as determined and provided by the building manufacturer. Provide written Welding Procedure Specifications. Have been in continuous operation as a professional fabric Tension Structure manufacturer for a minimum of ten (10) years prior to this contract. Professional Engineer Qualifications: A professional engineer who is legally authorized to practice in th e jurisdiction where project is located and who is experienced in providing engineering services for installing Tensioned Fabric Structures similar to those indicated for this project and with a record of successful in service performance. asphalt or concrete and shall also be capable of accepting differential settlement up to 2 -1/2% between truss positions. 7. The fabric material shall be designed to withstand a ma ximum temperature of 150°F when stored in packing containers. one installation/disas sembly cycle per year with appropriate inspection and maintenance.FOUNDATION DESIGN A. size location. projection and spacing. OSHA 10 Hour Construction Industry Certified Training. truss and leg truss line location and reactions.

the Tensile Membrane Contractor shall request for the Architect/Engineer/Owner to inspect and handover.e. The Tension Structure fabricator must provide proof of full -time Quality Assurance manager. 14. 17. 15. General contractors license in the states of California.Trained. 18. 13. The Tension Structure manufacturer must provide proof of $4 million general liability insurance coverage. 16. Maintenance: Inspection and Handover 1 Upon completion of the tensile membrane structure. Lightweight Structures Association. Vehicle insurance certification. 2 There shall be no crease or patches in the tensile membrane structure which are visually unpleasant. TFS Manufacturer is required to be a current member of a professional trade association. i. 20. Certified California AB1825 Sexual Harassment Training. The Tensioned Fabric Structure fabricator must provide proof they have an ongoing written Quality Assurance program for 5 years or more. Nevada and Arizona. The Tension Structure manufacturer must provi de proof of Worker¶s Compensation Insurance Coverage. 19. ..

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful