Pink Floyd (formed in 1965 in Cambridge, England) is a British progressive rock band, noted for their progressive compositions

, thoughtful lyrics, sonic experim entation, album art and live shows. Pink Floyd is one of rock s most successful ac ts, having sold 73.5 million albums in the US alone. The group is also believed to have sold an estimated 175 to 200 million albums worldwide. Pink Floyd enjoyed moderate success in the late-1960s as a psychedelic band led by Syd Barrett. After Barrett s erratic behavior caused his colleagues to add guit arist David Gilmour (who eventually replaced Barrett), the band went on to recor d several elaborate concept albums, achieving worldwide success with 1973 s Dark S ide of the Moon, one of the best-selling and most enduringly popular albums in r ock history. Live performances

Pink Floyd is renowned for their lavish stageClassic Pink Floyd line-up; early 7 0s shows, combining over-the-top visual experiences with their music to create a sh ow in which the performers themselves are almost secondary. In their early days, Pink Floyd were among the first bands to use a dedicated traveling light show i n conjunction with their performances, projecting slides, film clips, pyrotechni cs (exploding flashpots and the exploding gong and fireworks) and psychedelic pa tterns onto a large circular screen (dubbed Mr. Screen ). Their early combination o f music and visuals set the standard for subsequent rock tours on both sides of the Atlantic. Later shows featured oversized balloons (notably a giant pig ballo on which floated over the audience during performances of Pigs from the Animals album), a plane crashing into the stage at the end of On the Run , a giant flowerin g disco ball a projection screen which could be retracted and tilted, more than 100 multi-colored robotic dancing spot lights, and multi-colored lasers. The lavish stage shows were also the basis for Douglas Adams fictional rock group Disaster Area (creators of the loudest noise in the universe, and making use of s olar flares in their stage show) in The Hitchhiker s Guide to the Galaxy series. D ouglas Adams was a personal friend of David Gilmour and made a one-off guest app earance, on guitar, on the Division Bell tour (October 28, 1994), purportedly as a present for Adams 42nd birthday.

Split and reunion

In 1985, bassist Roger Waters declared Pink Floyd defunct, but the remaining ban d members recorded and twice toured under the Pink Floyd name without him. Water s rejoined the band at the London Live 8 concert on July 2, 2005, playing to Pin k Floyd s biggest audience ever.

Syd Barrett led years: 1965-1968

When this band split up. Barrett started writing his own songs. gaining them further popularity. When Tea Set found itself on the same bill as another band with the same name. the band covered rhythm and blues staples such as Louie. leaving an otherwise stable lineup. Barrett. the band s debut album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (or iginally called Projection ) is considered to be a prime example of English psyched elic music. For a time after this they oscillated between Tea Set and The Pink Floyd Sound . but gained notoriety for their psychedelic interpretations. During this period. reaching #131 in the US. bass player Roger W aters. The word Sound was dropped fairly quickly.Pink Floyd evolved from an earlier band. showcase poetic lyrics and an eclectic mixture of music. such as The Scarecrow . with th e latter name eventually winning out. The Meggadeaths. a six-way business partnership with their managers. influenced by American surf music and British psy chedelic rock with his own brand of whimsical humor. some of its members guitarist Bob Klose. granting the band their first TV appearance on Top of the Pops in Ju ly 1967. who became t he band s primary vocalist as well. The heavily jazz-oriented Klose left the band to become a photographer shortly b efore Pink Floyd started recording. Pink Floyd became a favorit e in the underground movement. and See Emily Play reache d number 6. The Screaming Abdabs. and The Abdabs. Gilmour and Waters s home town . they were joined by guitarist Syd Barrett. Pink Anderson and Floyd Council). but failed to get much at tention in North America. In the early days. the band formed Blackhill Enterprises in October 1966. Peter Jenner and Andre w King issuing the singles Arnold Layne in March 1967 and See Emily Play in June 196 7. The album was a hit in the UK where it peaked at #6. drummer Nick Mason. inspired by the Fenl ands. B arrett came up with an alternate name on the spur of the moment. As their popularity increased. The album s tracks. formed in 1964. and future keyboardist Rick Wright. the Marquee Club and the Roundhouse. with extended impro vised sections and spaced out solos. choosing The Pi nk Floyd Sound (after two blues musicians. Arnold Layne reached number 20 in the UK singles chart. which was at various ti mes called Sigma 6. the rural region north of Cambridge. up to about the time of the More soundtrack. . A short tim e after their formation. from the avant garde free form piece Int erstellar Overdrive to whimsical songs. the band toured with Jimi Hendrix. who at this point played primarily wind instruments formed a new band called Tea Set. Released in August 1967. predominantly written by Barrett. Louie . but the definite article was still used occasionally for several years afterwar d. playing at such prominent venues as the UFO club.

The music was released as a Floyd album in its own right. often staring into spac e while the rest of the band performed. N evertheless. More Pink Floyd were recruited by director Barbet Schroeder to produce a soundtrack f or his film. he became very unstable. and the six-way Blackhill partnership was dissolved. Future Floyd albums would expand upon the lengthy compositions. only one Barrett composition. In January 19 68.S . it was intended that Barret would remain as the band s figurehead and main songwriter. reac hing #9 in the UK and becoming the only Pink Floyd album not to chart in the U. The album contained hints of things to come. the center-piece being the 12-min ute title track. and he remained with Pink Floyd until his death in 2003. Finding their feet: 1969-1970 A Saucerful of Secrets Whilst Barrett had written the bulk of the first record. many o f the numbers on Music From The Film More being acoustic folk songs. With Barrett s behavior becoming less and less predictable. The Piper at the Gates of Dawn. the Piper outtake Jugband Blues . Music From the Film More. appeared o n the second Floyd album. the stresses of life on the road and a significant intake of psychedelic drugs took its toll on Barrett. the other band members simply stopped taking him t o the concerts. in July 1969 . offering more focused songwriting with each subsequent release. eventually. which premiered in May 1969. The rest of the album consisted of incidental music with a few rockers such as The Nile Song thrown in. . guitarist David Gilmour joined the band to carry out the playing and singing duties of Syd. and his use of LSD almost constant. A Saucerful of Secrets was released in June 1968. Pink Floyd woul d use this and future soundtrack recording sessions to produce work that may not have fit into their idea of what would appear on a proper Pink Floyd LP. producers Jenner and King d ecided to remain with him. More . Once Barrett s departure was formalized in April 1968. The band adopted Steve O Rourke as their manager.Barrett s decline As the band became more and more popular. The band s live shows became increasingly ramshackle until. whose mental health had been deteriorating for several months.

One side of the album consisted of the title piece.Ummagumma The next record. although the album has since been described by Gil mour as the sound of a band blundering about in the dark. The band also developed and pioneered the use of a device called the azimuth coordinator. . The popularity of the album allowed Pink Floyd to embark on their first U. tour. David Gilmour s Fat Old Sun and Rick Wright s Summer 68 ther lengthy piece. was a sound collage of a man cooki ng and eating breakfast and his thoughts on the matter.S.K. and #55 in the U. with the 23-minut e epic Echoes taking up the entire second side of the LP. the double album Ummagumma. Alan s Psychedelic Breakfast . hinting at future musical territory. reaching #1 in the U. The album was a transiti onal piece for the group. Atom Heart Mother 1970 s Atom Heart Mother was a collaboration with avant-garde composer Ron Geesin. hitting UK #5 a nd making the U. Breakthrough era: 1971-1975 Meddle The band s sound was considerably more focused on Meddle (1971). with each recording half a s ide of a vinyl as a solo project (Mason s wife makes an uncredited contribution as a flautist).S. The album was Pink Floyd s most popular release yet. The second side featured one song from each of the band s then-curren t vocalists (Roger Waters If . Meddle was considered by David Gilmour to be his first real Pink Floyd album. The album had the best chart performance for the band so far.S. linked with instrumental s. a joystick used to pan sound around their quadrophonic PA system. charts at #70. was a mix of live recordings and un checked studio experimentation by the band members. as it had the sound and styl e of the succeeding breakthrough-era Pink Floyd albums and stripped away the orc hestra that was prominent in Atom Heart Mother. a 23-minute long rock-orche stral suite..

a pseudo-blues number featuring lead vocals by a Russian wolfhound called Seamu s. requiring minimal help in arrangement from the other band me mbers. One of these days. featured a U.S. This was the band s first U. and making it one of the to p-selling albums of all time. charts. belonging to Steve Marriott. Dark Side of the Moon.S.K.K. through out his career) and Brain Damage touched on themes of insanity and neurosis.000 copies a year.S. Top 50 album (where it hit #46). with Ni ck Mason s menacing one-line vocal. more than any othe r album of the 70s. hitting #6 at in the U. Mademoiselle Nobs ).Meddle also included the atmospheric One of These Days . described th e different pressures applying in everyday life. a huge improvement over the last albums. Dark Side of the Moon. despite never hitting #1 there. charts. Dark Side of the Moon Despite Pink Floyd never having been a hit-single-driven group (at the time they had stopped issuing singles after 1968 s Point Me At The Sky ).S. Us And Them entai led violence. Dark Side of the Moon went on to sell over 35 million c opies worldwide and still sells around 250. The concept (conceived in Nick Mason s kitchen) proved a powerful catalyst for the band and together they drew up a list of themes: On The Run was dedicated to travel. the world record. I m going to cut you into litt le pieces. The Great Gig In The Sky (originally named Mortality Sequence and Relig ious Theme during development) dealt with death. It also remained 301 weeks on U. Obscured By Clouds Obscured By Clouds was released in 1972 as the soundtrack to the film La Vallee. A glimpse into their humorous side was shown on Seamus (earlier. This was the first Pink Floyd LP to feature lyrics exclusively written by Roger Water . a concert classic. Pink Floyd was rewarded with a #3 chart peak in the UK for Meddle. Waters jazzy San Tropez was brought to the band pra ctically completed. Time depicted the encroachmen t of old age. another art house film by Barbet Schroeder. their massively succ essful 1973 album. it mad e #70 in U. the first of Pink Floyd s five concept albums.. and a melody that at one point segues into a throbbing synthetic pulse quoting the theme tune of the cult classic science fiction television show Doct or Who. and futility of war (a theme to which Waters would return. it managed to become the band s first #1 on U. A lthough the album hit #2 in U.K. Money satirically spoke of the cor rupting influence of money that often comes with fame and power. The critically-acclaimed album stayed on the Billboard Top 200 for an unprecedent 741 weeks (including 591 con secutive weeks from 1973 to 1988). Top 20 single ( Money ).

Film Director Adrian Maben s film featured footage of the band s 1971 perf ormance at an amphitheater in Pompeii with no audience present (only the film cr ew and stage staff). the album set new standards for sound fidelity. It wa s the second Knebworth Festival. In addition to the classic a coustic title track. mostly instrumental nine-part Shine On You Crazy Diamond . reaching the top spot in both U.K. Pink Floyd achieved thei r first transatlantic #1 album with Wish You Were Here. In 1975. which ev entually sold out stadiums. Wish You Were Here Wish You Were Here. Wish You Were Here. the album includes the majestic. released in 1975. Captain Beefhea rt and Roy Harper (who joined Pink Floyd on the stage to sing Have a Cigar ). The album also i ncludes the songs Welcome to the Machine and Have a Cigar (Roy Harper sang the latte r). and U. which also featured The Steve Miller Band. carries an abstract theme of absence: abse nce of any humanity within the music industry and. both of which harshly criticize the music industry. . the absence of Syd Barrett. Knebworth 75 Dark Side of the Moon had made Pink Floyd a major international act. hiding any indication of what could be beneath. th e band launched a massive tour after the release of Wish You Were Here. most poignantly. The album eventually sold over 10 million copies worldwide. This theme is carried by the music as well as the artwork packag ed with the album. It was during this period that the band released the first of their films.s. a tribute to Barrett in which the lyrics deal explicitly with the aftermath of his breakdown. interspersed with interviews and behind-the-scenes footage of the band in the studio recording Dark Side Of The Moon. Led Zeppelin. Genesis and Frank Zappa between 1974 and 1979. Animal s and The Wall) are widely regarded as the peak of Pink Floyd s career. Dark Side of the Moon and the three following albums (Wish You Were Here. It was also the first Floyd LP to have lyrics printed inside the sleeve. Originally. the album was sold with a black cellophane wrappi ng. Thanks to the use of new 16-track recording equipment at Abbey Road Studios and the investment of an enormous amount of time by engineer Alan Parsons.S. Live a t Pompeii . The last gig of the tour was as the headliner of 197 5 Knebworth Festival. which featured artists such as the Rolling Ston es.

S. there was a Pink Floyd parade on 6th . and the release of Animals (UK #2. the band s music cam e under increasing criticism from some quarters in the new punk rock sphere as b eing too flabby and pretentious. To promote their four-night run at Madison Square Garden in New York City. no tably a 40 foot pig balloon. this tim e taken in part from George Orwell s Animal Farm. a television and a fridge. The tour featured the famous inflatable puppets.The concert featured a large circular screen. their biggest until Live 8. It was the last time the band performed Echoes and the entire Dark Side of the Moon with Roger Waters. a giant inflatable pig was commissioned and floated over Battersea Power Station. It also had a pyrotechnic waterfall and featured one of the biggest and most elaborat e stages to date. lighting towers and great special effects for the time. before an audience of 125. Roger Waters-led era: 1976-1984 Animals By January 1977.000. In The Flesh The 1977 Pink Floyd In The Flesh tour was the last time Pink Floyd performed a m ajor tour with Roger Waters. filling pag es of The New York Times and Billboard magazine. Pink Floyd s market strategy for the Animals tour was very aggressive. For the cover artwork. and a Nuclear family with Mother. Animals was considerably more guitar-driven than the p revious albums. Father and two and a half children. Animals was the first Pink Floyd al bum not to feature any compositions from Rick Wright. due to either the influence of the punk-rock movement or the fac t that the album was recorded at Pink Floyd s new (and somewhat incomplete) Britan nia Row Studios. However. dogs and sheep as me taphors for members of contemporary society. Despite some technical problems. #3). using pigs. This became one of the enduring symbols of Pink Floyd a nd inflatable pigs were a staple of Pink Floyd s live shows from then on. having lost its way from the simplicity of earl y rock and roll. Animals again contained lengthy songs tied to a theme. U. later the band added a Cadillac. the band managed to perfo rm a remarkable concert.

Avenue featuring pigs and sheep. in Montreal. including fully mobile giant puppets of a teacher and Pink s wife. the band played to an estim ated audience of 95. A band of session musicians played the first song. Pink Floyd played Animals . with Wish You Were Here the second.0 00 people. wearing rubber f ace masks (demonstrating that the individual members of the band were practicall y anonymous to the public). to ok the traditional inflatables to a whole new level. That night. after Ezrin talked about the album to a journalist relative. alo ne. Roger Waters spat in the face of a disruptive fan. part icularly his growing awareness that stardom had alienated him from his audience. The Wall. with the former in particular becoming a cornerstone o f album-oriented rock and classic-rock radio playlists as well as one of the gro up s best-known songs. inspired by Waters feelings of having co nstructed a metaphoric wall between himself and his audience.5 million copies in U. In the first half of the show. charts during 1980. Although the Animals album had not been as successful as the two prev ious ones. in The Wall 1979 s epic rock opera. The huge commercial success of The Wall made Pink Floyd the only artist sinc e the Beatles to have the best-selling albums of two years (1973 and 1980) in le ss than a decade.000 and set an attendance record. In Chicago. It has b een certified 23x platinum by RIAA. The Wall Live Pink Floyd mounted their most elaborate stage show in conjunction with the tour of The Wall. The Wall grew out of Waters thoughts about this incident.000-strong audience. for sales of 11.S. This album gave Pi nk Floyd renewed acclaim and their only chart-topping single with Another Brick i n the Wall (Part 2) . (it made it to #3). of over 80. Despite never hitting #1 in U. Giant inflatable characters designed by Gerald Scarfe. where a festival that also featured Emerson. It sold well over 20 million copies worldwide and is often regarded as the best-selling double album ever. . in Cleveland. then backed up the band for the remainder of the sho w. the band managed to sell out arenas and stadiums in America and Europ e. The Wall spent an astoundin g 15 weeks atop the U. with menacing spotlights for eyes. setting scale and attendance records. They helped set another attendance record on the final night of the t our. conceived mainly by Waters. a friend of Waters who shared songwriting credits on The Trial and from whom the band distanced thems elves. developed themes of loneliness and failure of communication.S.K. The album was co-produced by Bob Ezrin. Lake and Palmer d rew another 80. The Wall also included the future concert staples Comfortabl y Numb and Run Like Hell.

The Band.5 million even before the first performance. to w hom the show would be broadcast. The theatrical featur es of The Wall concert were increased to gather the attention of a sold-out audi ence of 200. between the audience and the band. brick by enormous bric k. a huge wall was built. Waters later re-created the Wall show in 1990. amid the ruins of the Berlin Wall . the band were largely invisible. Tim Curry. Waters has reportedly been offered a guaranteed US$ 1 million for each additional stadium concert. the gates were opened and an estimated 300. several unofficial videos of the entire live show in circulation. Cyndi Lauper. but declined the offer. but the band performed two more shows at Earl s Court in 1981 for filming. was deemed substandard. insisting that such a tour would be hypocritical. distorted sound and meagre visuals of most arena rock concerts as inevita ble and concluded that the Wall show will be the touchstone against which all future rock spectacles must be measured . in 35 countries. It was the most ambitious theatrical show seen so far. and he now considers it to be lost forever. Gilmour and Mason attempted to convince Waters to expand the show for a more luc rative large-scale. There were 340 white bricks forming a 160 foot wall which stood 35 feet tall. There are. with the intention of being integrated into the upcoming movie . Joni M itchell. where Roger Waters acted out the story of Pink. except for a hole in the wall that simulat ed a hotel room setting. The New York Times stated in its March 2 1980 edition that The Wall show remains a milestone in rock history though and there s no point in denying it. This concert was even bigger than the previous ones. joined by a number of guest artists (including Bryan Adams. and London (at Earl s Court). The prim ary tour occurred in 1980. Alice Cooper and KISS. Scorpions. At the finale of the concert. the specia lly-constructed wall was demolished amidst sound effects and a spectacular light show. Van Mor rison. but was unsuccessful. and scrapped. however. After the concert began.000 people and of other estimated 500 million. Marianne Faithfull.During the first half of the show. but because of the nature of the material (one of the primary themes is the distance between an artist and his audience) Water s balked at this. Other parts of the story were told by Gerald Scarfe animati ons projected onto the wall itself (these animations were later integrated into the film version Pink Floyd: The Wall). SinƩad O Connor. The final brick was placed as Roger Waters s ang goodbye at the end of the song Goodbye Cruel World . and an ap pearance by David Gilmour on top of the wall to perform the climactic guitar sol o in Comfortably Numb . Roger Waters built a 591 foot long and 80 foot high wall. . Roger Waters said that he had tried to locate this footage for historical p urposes. The costs of the tour were estimated to have reached US$ 1. stadium tour. In fact. The resulting footage. Uniondale (Long Island).000 people were able to watch the concert. much more expensive and c omplex than contemporaneous efforts by artists such as David Bowie. Dortmund. For the second half of the s how. and Thomas Dolby). years la ter. however. The Wall concert was only performed a handful of times each in four cities: Los Angeles.000 to 500. Never again will one be able to accept the technical clums iness.

starred Boomtown Rats founder Bob Geldof and featured striking animation by n oted British cartoonist Gerald Scarfe. Though technically released as a Pink Floyd album. Only moderately successful by Floyd standards (UK #1.S. U. There was no tour. this a lbum re-examined many previous themes. nuclear war ( Two Suns in t he Sunset ). Wright wa s the only member of Pink Floyd to make any money from the Wall shows.Even more so than during the Animals sessions. It grossed over US$ 22 million at the Nor th American box office. but the rest of the band rejected this idea). performed by Pink Floyd : the pr oject was clearly dominated by Waters and became a prototype in sound and form f or later Waters solo projects (Roger Waters has since said that he offered to re lease the record as a solo album. Gilmour even had his name removed from the production cr edits in protest over some of Waters decisions. on a fixed wage. while also addressing then-current events . When the Tiger s Broke Free. Film A film (essentially a music video for the entire album) entitled Pink Floyd: The Wall was released in 1982. Michael Kamen and Andy Bown contributed keyboard work due to Wright s a bsence. was released as a single on a limited basis. but was rejected by Waters. and the eventual firing of Wright from the band. the rest having to cover the extensive costs. The film. Ironically. The Final Cut 1983 saw the release of The Final Cut. This song was finally made widely availble on the complilation album Echoes and recent re-releases of The Final Cut. the album yielde d one minor rock radio hit. The arguing between Waters and Gilmour b y this stage was rumored to be so bad that they were never seen in the recording studio simultaneously. Not Now John . the interior sleeve specified A requiem for the post war dream by Roger Waters. A song which first appeared in the movie. Gilmour also reportedly asked Waters to hold back the release of the album by a year so he could contribute material. written by Waters and directed by Alan Parke r. #6). . Waters was increasingly asserting his artistic influence and leadership over the band. Wrig ht returned. for the album s live concerts. including Waters anger at Britain s participation in the Falklands War ( The Fletch er Memorial Home ) and his cynicism toward. Even darker in tone than The Wall. prompting frequent conflic ts with the other members. and fear of.

along with producer Bob Ezrin in 1986. Roger Waters was also working on his second solo album entitled Rad io K. it lasted until almost two years later.).A. as it grossed almost US$ 60 million .5 million people in total. but Gilmour and Mason upheld their convict ion that they had the legal right to continue as Pink Floyd . 85 feet high and 9 8 feet wide. (At th e same time.David Gilmour-led era: 1987-1995 After The Final Cut. in 1989. after playing around 200 concerts. PƬnk Floyd was t he biggest act of these two years combined. who was not an official member of the band at the time. had just won a leg al battle against Roger Waters and the future of the group was uncertain. along with Richard Wr ight. the band members went their separate ways. the tour was huge: 45 trucks were needed to carry the eq uipment necessary to build the biggest outdoor stage to date. Because of Mason s limited contribu tion. to about 5. Richard Wright also rejoined Gilmour and Mason during the final recording sessi ons of A Momentary Lapse of Reason (UK #3/U. including 3 dates at Madison Square Garden and 2 n ights at Wembley Stadium. The tour proved to be much more successful than the album. Initially scheduled j ust to promote the album. Momentary Lapse of Reason Gilmour and Mason returned to the studio. David Gilmour and Nick Mason. in the way that The Final Cut can be seen as a Water s solo album. Gilmour later admit ted that Mason had hardly played on the album. and the two camps continued working.S.O. The two re maining members of the band. in 1986 Gilmour and Mason began recording a new Pink Floyd album. Financially. though he did not offi cially rejoin the band until the end of the subsequent tour. Having usually worked in tandem with Waters in drafting lyrics. Follow ing the band s tradition. After the release of A Momentary Lapse of Reason in 1987. H owever. much to the chagrin of Waters. A bitter legal dispute ensued with Waters claiming that the name Pi nk Floyd should have been put to rest. High Court proceeding s went in favor of Gilmour and Mason. Waters announced in December of 1985 t hat he was departing Pink Floyd describing the band as a spent force creatively .S. many critics say that A Momentary Lapse of Reason should really be regarde d as a Gilmour solo effort. Pink Floyd embarked on what was initially meant to be an 11-week tour to promote the album. The numbers of t he tour speak for themselves: it made Pink Floyd the second highest grossing act of 1987 and the highest grossing of 1988 in the U. each releasing s olo albums to varying degrees of success. Gi lmour received further criticism for bringing writers from outside the band to a ssist him. #3) album.S.

The tour was the first to gross over US$ 100 million in the U. The show cost US$ 4 million. At one part of the race Gilmour and Steve O R ourke (his map-reader in the race) crashed.S. The album wa s generally received more favorably by critics and fans alike than Lapse had bee n. to an audience of 125.000. sounding more like the timeless Pink Floyd of old. their closest rivals. about the same as U2 and Michael Jackson. #1). which was much more of a group effort than A Momentary Lapse of Reason had been. but Gi lmour walked away with just some bruises. incredible special effects. lasting less than a year. at the Knebworth Festival in 1990. with Wright now reinstated as a full and contributing band member. plus US$ 25 million of running costs. also returned to the fold. set in Mexico and featuring Gilmour and Mason as participating drivers. quadrophonic sound and pow erful lasers.000 firework display that ended the concert was entirely financed by the band. to stage. with the band playing the entirety of Dark Side of the Moon in some shows. The Division Bell tour was mu ch shorter.from touring. Three stages leapfrogged around North America and Europe. but was even more elaborate. a charity event which als o featured other Silver Clef Award winners. Pink Floyd was the last act to play. th e first time they had done so since 1975. the Rolling Stones remain the only act which managed to outgross Pink Floyd in worldwide terms. a contributor to the mid-70s Floyd albums. each 180 feet long and featuring a 130 foot arch modelled on the Hollywood Bowl. The Division Bell The band s next recording was the 1994 release The Division Bell (UK #1/U. T his required 53 articulated trucks and a crew of 161 people. Saxophonist Dick Parry. The instrumentals are notable for bein g the first Floyd material co-written by Wright since 1975. t he dancing lights and lasers. They released a double live album taken from their 1988 Long Island shows. They later recorded some instrumentals for a clas sic-car racing film La Carrera Panamericana. All in all. with only 59 concerts a nd is still one of the top-grossing tours in the country. it played t o 5. the band grossed around US$ 135 million. Worldwide.5 million people and grossed over US$ 250 million. Worldwide. More than 10 years later. incorporating 700 tons of steel.S. It paid off. the tour required 700 tons of steel carried by 53 arti culated trucks and an initial investment of US$ 4 million. . The round screen. The ensuing Division Bell Tour was promoted by legendary Canadian concert impresar io Michael Cohl and became the highest-grossing tour in rock history to that dat e. and despite the ticket price inflation. The AL60. A further concer t was held in 1990. a large round screen. entit led Delicate Sound of Thunder. The group reunited in 1994 for another world tour. and the quadrophonic sound were Pink Floyd s most te chnologically advanced yet. O Rourke suffered a broken leg. pu t together. The concerts featured a very large sta ge.

This compilation caused some controversy due to the songs segueing into one othe r non-chronologically. In the U. . Two years later. P*U*L*S*E hit #1 in U. Shine On You Crazy Diamond . it grossed US$ 103. this record was short-lived. At the end of the year. charts. the band performed Wish You Were Here with Billy Corgan (of The Smashin g Pumpkins fame) at their Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction. the Division Bell tour was announ ced as the biggest tour ever. thereby presenting the material out of the context of the original albums. entitled Is There Anybody Out There? The Wall Live 1980-81.000 copies in its first week and guaranteed a #2 on U. the album sold over 200. However. an David Gilmour released a solo ember 2002 which was compiled oyal Festival Hall in London. Wish In 1996. in London. each concert gathered an av erage 45. Robert Wyatt.S.5 million people in 68 cities. Marooned High Hopes ) have had substantial parts removed from them.S. charts. but managed to only hit #19 on U. less than a year later. alone. It hit #1 on Billbo ard Internet Album Sales chart. and featured son gs recorded during one of the record-breaking 14 presentations at Earl s Court. The Rolling St ones Voodoo Lounge tour finished with a worldwide gross of over US$ 300 million. above the Beatles. nor is there a sign of any forthcoming. the Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin. The Stones remain the only act ever to achieve a higher worldwide gross from a t our.S. at The R Richard Wright. Some of the tracks ( Echoes . A two-disc set of their best-known tracks entitled Echoes was released in 2001. however the band released a live album entitled P*U*L*S*E in 1995. which ended The Division Bell tour. according to a complex system for comparing bands which included album sales. charts performa nce and concerts attendance. Despite the controversy .000 audience. S. and Bob Geldof (Pink appearances. with worldwide gross of over AL150 million (about US$ 250 million). Solo work and more 1995-2004 Pink Floyd has not released any new studio material or toured since 1994 s The Div ision Bell.This tour played to 5. In 2002 Q magazine named Pink Floyd as one of the 50 Bands To See Before You Die . A live recording of The Wall was released in 2000 compiled from their 1980/1981 London concerts. in The Wall film) make guest concert DVD called David Gilmour in Concert in Nov from shows on 2001-06-22.5 million from 59 concer ts. the same magazine would place Pink Floyd as the biggest band of all time. and includes an entire performance of Dark Side of the Moon as well as other favourites from albums like The Wall and You Were Here . and 2002-01-17.

In 2003. Mason s book. The book gives Mason s personal view of the band s experiences. a 30th-Anniversary SACD reissue of Dark Side of the Moon. 2005 Pink Floyd performed at the London Live 8 concert with Roger Wat ers rejoining David Gilmour. Gilmour and Wright are rep orted to all be working on solo albums. To promote it. was published in 2004 in Europe and 2005 in the US. al so to feature high-resolution surround sound. Pink Floyd Reunited at Live 8 Gilmour announced the Live 8 reunion on June 12. with Waters and Gilmour s due to be release d in 2006. It is not known whether the songs co-written by Gilmour ( Young Lust . The 30th-Anniversary SACD reissue of Wish You Were Here is due early in 2006. 2005-present On July 2. 2005: Like most people I want to do everything I can to persuade the G8 leaders to make huge commitments to the relief of poverty and increased aid to the third w . Mason made public appearances in a few European and American cities. It was the quartet s f irst performance together in over 24 years a the band s last show with Waters was at Earls Court in London on June 17. In 2004. contrary t o reports in the media claiming they played Wish You Were Here . featuring hig h resolution surround sound was released with new artwork on the front cover and went on to sell over 800. The show was scheduled to be completed by mid 2005. Waters. 2003. Longtime manager Steve O Rourke died later t hat year on October 30. Comfortably Numb . giving interviews and meeting fans at book sig nings. The Broadway vers ion will feature all of the music written by Waters. with extra music to be written by Waters. The three remaining band members performed Fat Old Sun and The Great Gig in the Sky at his funeral at Chichester Cathedral. In 2004 a remastered re-release of The Final Cut was released with the single Whe n the Tigers Broke Free added. 1981.000 copies. Nick Mason and Richard Wright. it was announced that contracts had been signed for a Broadway musical version of The Wall. Inside Out: A Personal History of Pink Floyd. Live 8. and Run Like Hell ) will f ature.

Mason and Wright. however. Wish You We re Here was the exception to this with Gilmour singing his usual verse. I hope we do it again. Nick Mason said that the band woul d be willing to perform for a concert that would support Israeli-Palestinian peac e efforts. Wish You Were Here at 2000%.uk reported increases in sales o f The Wall at 3600%. with Wate rs picking it up halfway through. keyboardist/ guitarist Jon Carin (Pink Floyd s backing keyboardist from 1987 onward who has sin ce performed on the 1999-2000 North American leg of Waters In The Flesh solo tour). Wish You Were ere and Comfortably Numb . At first. Da vid Gilmour confirmed that he and Waters were on pretty amicable terms and that th ey communicated via e-mail after the concert. In the weeks after the show. It would be good t o hear it again .co. On the screen behind them. Waters stated on a BBC2 Radio interview in September the p ossibility of a reunion album with Gilmour. Anyway.. if there was a special occasion. for Syd. and if re-forming for this concert will help focus attention then it s got to be worthwhile. However. but I couldn t roll over for a whole fucking tour . David Gilmour subsequently declared that he would donate . It s crazy that America gives such a paltry percentage of its GNP to the sta rving nations.. and Shine on You Crazy Diamond ). film of the iconic pig from the An imals album was shown flying over Battersea Power Station. while Amazon. who has since become Pink Floyd s backing guitarist on stage).] I mean. Waters said: It s actually quite emotional standing up here with these three guys after all these years. Dark Side of the Moon at 1400% and Animals at 1000%. or in som e way. in an October. and backing singer Carol Kenyon duri ng Comfortably Numb . As on the original recordings. Accordi ng to record store chain HMV. Many fans expressed the hope that the Live 8 appearance would lead to a reunion tour and a record-breaking US$ 250 million deal for a world tour is said to have being offered to the band.orld. They were augmented by guitarist Tim Renwick (guitarist on Roger Waters 1984 solo tour. 2005 int erview with Word Magazine. first say ing. and shared them with Waters on Comfortably Numb. by 1343%. Us And Them . we re doing thi s for everyone who s not here. Waters stated he really loved playing with the band aga in and he held out some possibility of the band re-forming again. saxophonist Dick Parry during Money (who played on the original recordings of Mone y . Any squabbles Roger and the band have had in the past are so pett y in this context. Never say never [. i n the following week. under sort of similar circumstances. If some other opportunity arose. we might do things again when questioned on the prospects of another perfo rmance. the band has made it very clear t hat there are no such plans at that time. Waters appeared less optimisti c: I decided that if anything came up in rehearsals [for Live 8] a any difference o f opinion a I would just roll over. sales of Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd went up. In the week after Live 8. Waters has offered what some see as conflicting comments on the issue. Also. I could even imagine us doing Dark Side of the Moon again you know. the rifts that separated the members during the breakup seemed to have largely healed. However in an interview in Rolling Stone. Money . During the guitar introduction of Wish You Were Here . there was a revival of interest in Pink Floyd. And I did I didn t mind rolling over for one day. of course. Gilmour sang the lead voca ls on Breathe and Money . but particularly. The band s set consisted of Speak To Me/Breathe/Breathe Reprise . Standing to be counted with the rest of you.

and urged that all t he other performing artists and their record companies should do the same. by Pete Townshend. and t hat any future concerts would be in the same vein as Live 8. from Rome. . Gilmour and Mason attended in person.all profits from this post Live 8 boom in sales to charity. explaining that Wright was in hospital following eye surgery. On 16 November 2005 Pink Floyd were inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame. This entry is from Wikipedia. It was stated that the chance of a reunion album is practically nil. the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. and Waters appeared on a video screen.

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