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Guide to Road Design
Dr Owen Arndt Qld Dept of Transport & Main Roads
promoting improved road transport outcomes www.austroads.com.au
The Guide to Road Design Series: Is a set of comprehensive guides to promote safe, economical and efficient road designs Covers most aspects of road design, including – Geometric elements – Drainage – Roadside features Is intended to replace guides from individual jurisdictions – Promote standard practice – Avoid duplication – Companion documents may be developed to cover specific local design situations Is closely related to the Guide to Traffic Management Series – Needs to be considered in conjunction with all of the other Austroads guides
promoting improved road transport outcomes www.austroads.com.au
Guide to Road Design – structure Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Introduction to Road Design Design Considerations Geometric Design Intersections and Crossings – general Part 4A – Unsignalised and Signalised Intersections Part 4B – Roundabouts Part 4C – Interchanges Part 5 Part 6 Drainage Design Roadside Design.au .austroads.com. Safety and Barriers Part 6A – Pedestrian and Cyclist Paths Part 6B – Roadside Environment Part 7 Part 8 Geotechnical Investigation and Design Process and Documentation Total (23 pages) (38 pages) (298 pages) (144 pages) (235 pages) (102 pages) (110 pages) (210 pages) (284 pages) (113 pages) (102 pages) (81 pages) (72 pages) (~1800 pages) promoting improved road transport outcomes www.
au . Australia Australian Bicycle Council Australian Local Government Association ARRB Organisations represented here will be the users of the guide (potentially anyone undertaking road design in Australia and New Zealand) promoting improved road transport outcomes www.Organisations Represented State road authorities (6 members) Territory road authorities (2 members) New Zealand Transport Agency Assocation of Consulting Engineers.com.austroads.
Culverts & Floodways – Several of the Guides to Traffic Engineering Practice eg Parts 5.Development of the Guide Source material Existing Austroads guides where the material is still up to date and relevant. 13 & 14 State road authority documents.au . 6. including – Urban & Rural Road Design Guides – Guide to the Hydraulic Design of Bridges.com.austroads. where material is more up to date Other documents – eg Storm Drainage Design in Small Urban Catchments Some new material developed Authors ARRB Particular state road authority members Consultants promoting improved road transport outcomes www.
com.austroads.au .Process Author / revise draft document Panel members review and provide comments Major comments are discussed at panel meeting No Document sufficiently complete Yes Seek endorsement Publish promoting improved road transport outcomes www.
Format of the Guide Body contains the bulk of the design criteria Appendices contain additional design criteria & examples Commentaries contain supporting material / background information Material in one place only ie not duplicated between parts or between other series – High level of cross referencing used promoting improved road transport outcomes www.austroads.au .com.
Format of the Guide For Parts 3 and 4 (the bulk of the geometric design criteria) Values / criteria suitable for new roads (greenfield projects) placed in body – Normal Design Domain Values / criteria generally only suitable on existing roads (brownfield projects).austroads. where technically justified.com. placed in Appendix A – Extended Design Domain No guidance provided for the design of existing roads (brownfield projects) where Extended Design Domain criteria cannot be achieved – Design Departures / Exceptions – To be placed into a separate document? promoting improved road transport outcomes www.au .
What’s new Part 3 .com.austroads.au . adapted from VicRoads • Use of ‘K’ values exclusively through the guides promoting improved road transport outcomes www.New criteria for minimum size sag vertical curves.
austroads.New criteria for application of superelevation • reduction in the number of charts promoting improved road transport outcomes www.com.What’s new Part 3 .au .
What’s new Parts 3 & 4 . from • VicRoads • WA MRD promoting improved road transport outcomes www.com.austroads.au .Improved guidance on public transport facilities.
Updated sight distance models based on work from Qld DT&MR • New ‘constant’ deceleration rates • New vertical height constants • More emphasis on designing for trucks • Additional guidance for sighting over and around roadside barriers promoting improved road transport outcomes www.com.au .austroads.What’s new Parts 3 & 4 .
Additional criteria for on-road and offroad cycle facilities. 4 and 6 . based on RTA and VicRoads work promoting improved road transport outcomes www.What’s new Parts 3.com.austroads.au .
com.What’s new Concrete splitter island Part 4B Additional methods to provide for cyclists through roundabouts eg physical separation through use of concrete splitter islands.austroads. based on RTA work promoting improved road transport outcomes www.au .
Guide for selecting the minimum central island radius for a circular roundabout.au . based on Qld DT&MR research Desired driver speed on the fastest leg prior to the roundabout (km/h) ≤ 40 b 50 b 60 c 70 c 80 c ≥ 90 c Minimum central island radius of a single-lane roundabout (m) Minimum central island radius of a two-lane roundabout (m) Speed reduction treatments required prior to the entry curve a Absolute Desirable Absolute Desirable 5d 8 10 12 14 14 10 11 12 18 22 22 8 8 14 18 20 20 12 12 16 20 24 24 No No No No Desirably Yes promoting improved road transport outcomes www.What’s new Part 4B .austroads.com.
What’s new Part 4B .com. based on Qld DT&MR promoting improved road transport outcomes www.New criteria for speed control at roundabouts – entry path curvature.au .austroads.
What’s new Part 5 .com.new material on the design of pollution treatments .au .worked examples on various aspects of drainage design promoting improved road transport outcomes www.austroads.
com.austroads.8 0.New material on warrants and location of roadside safety barriers.4 0. based on research and testing by RTA promoting improved road transport outcomes www.7 0.0 0.au .9 Proportion of errant vehicles that will reach hazard (Pi) 0.1 Un-divided roads 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Distance of hazard from edge of travelled way (m) Part 6 .What’s new 1.2 0.6 0.5 Divided roads 0.3 0.
noise control promoting improved road transport outcomes www.What’s new Part 6B .New material on environmental aspects of road design eg fauna sensitive road design.au .com.austroads.
com.Guidance for road designers on design processes and documentation ECI Agreement D&C Client Contractor B Subcontractors Contractor A* Designer Framework of Suppliers promoting improved road transport outcomes www.au .Guidance for road designers on geotechnical issues Part 8 .austroads.What’s new Part 7 .
au .austroads. Road designers will be advised through – Departmental policy and correspondence Location of material in hard copy and on local websites – Promotion at local forums and workshops Provision of training courses by ARRB promoting improved road transport outcomes www.com.Promotion of the new guide Each local jurisdiction to produce a strategy for transitioning to the new guides.
au .austroads.com.Thanks Thanks to – All road design review panel members – Authors. including Michael Tziotis (ARRB) David Barton (VicRoads) Noel O’Callaghan (SA DTEI) Rob Grove (WA MRD) Graeme Nichols (Tas DIER) Owen Arndt (Qld DTMR) promoting improved road transport outcomes www. including Gary Veith (ARRB) David Barton (VicRoads) Bernard Hammonds (RTA) Rob Grove (WA MRD) Owen Arndt (Qld DTMR) – Project managers.