Facial Reconstruction from Skull Using Free Form Deformation

A. NamvongC and R. Nilthong School of Science, Mah Fah Luang University, 333, Moo 1, Tasud, Muang, Chiang Rai, 57100, Thailand C E-mail: ariyanamvong@gmail.com; Fax: 053-916776; Tel. 053-916775

ABSTRACT
The purpose of facial reconstruction is to estimate the facial outlook from skeleton remain and to aid in human identification. The reconstruction is obtained by deformation the craniometric landmarks of known skull into unknown skull. Forcing soft tissue of the known skull to the unknown skull with the linked deformation gives the desired facial shape of the soft tissue for the unknown skull. This research uses 71 craniometric landmarks edited from five references [1,2,3,4,5]. For the deformation process, the application of Free Form Deformation (FFD) [6,7] is used. The 3D head model is acquired by using computed tomography (CT) with 1 mm resolution. The questioned head is from 35 years old man. The reference heads are from 31, 29 and 24 years old men. These reference heads are chosen from the most resembling three skulls to the questioned skull. These reference skulls are deformed into questioned skull and then the reference faces are forced to deform correspondingly. Finally these deformed faces are averaged to reconstruct the desired face. The resulting face from this scheme shows promise for forensic facial reconstruction. Keywords: Facial Reconstruction, Free Form Deformation.

REFERENCES
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ANSCSE15 Bangkok University, Thailand March 30-April 2, 2011

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