AUDIOVISUAL AIDS: Audiovisual aids are defined as any device used to aid in the communication of an idea.

From this definition, virtually anything can be used as an aid, providing it successfully communicates the idea or information for which it is designed.An audiovisual product is any audiovisual (AV) item such as still photography, motion picture, audio or video tape, slide or filmstrip, that is prepared singly or in combination to communicate information or to elicit a desired audience response. Even though early aids, such as maps and drawings, are still in use, advances in the audiovisual field have opened up new methods of presenting these aids, such as videotapes and multimedia equipment which allow more professional and entertaining presentations to be presented. Most of the visual aids covered in this chapter can be grouped into the following categories—non projected aids and projected aids. NONPROJECTED AIDS: Non projected aids are those that do not require the use of audiovisual equipment such as a projector and screen. Included in this category are charts, graphs, maps, illustrations, photographs, brochures, and handouts. Charts Charts are in common use almost every- where. A chart is a diagram which shows relationships.The organizational chart is one of the most widely used. This chart shows the various branches of a particular organization. Air and sea maps that are used for navigation purposes are also charts. Graphs: These aids show comparisons between figures. Four types of graphs are illustrated in figure 7-3. The bar graph is one of the most commonly used. Graphs are useful when the information being presented compares figures from time to time or from several sources. For example, a budget meeting may utilize graphs to show the increases and decreases of the budget over several years. Maps: Maps are graphic representations of the sur- face of the earth. Maps are usually drawn to scale. The type that you are most likely to encounter is the world map, used in conference rooms, classrooms, and in briefing rooms. Illustrations: Illustrations are the most versatile of any aid covered here. All aids make use of illustrations to some degree in their planning stages, and perhaps even in their final form. Charts, cartoons, maps, and signs are illustrations that are often used to present or clarify an idea. Photographs: Photographs may be passed from hand to hand or posted on a board in front of an audience. They can be used most effectively in small groups. Photographs are extensively used for documentation purposes. Brochures and Handouts Brochures are small pamphlets composed of illustrations and printed material, but they are generally much briefer than handouts. When given to students or an audience, these materials should help the people understand the presentation. Handouts are normally retained by the audience for purposes of reference and later review.Long after the presentation, they can be review important points of the presentation.

both informative and educational. Presentations utilizing 35-mm slides can be both informative and educational. Slides are one of the best known projected aids. Slides and Filmstrips: Anything that can be photographed can be made into a slide. The tape track or channel is recorded with the narration and the change signal is recorded on the remaining channel. Filmstrips are used primarily in an educational environment. Audio Tape: The majority of audiovisual presentations utilize audio tapes to some extent. and the quality of transparency desired.PROJECTED AIDS: Projected aids are those that require audiovisual equipment in order to be presented properly. production methods may vary from typed information on clear plastic to complex illustrations on colored film. usually a cassette. and motion pictures. transparencies refer to large vu-graph transparencies projected with overhead projectors. It is important to remember that most nonpro. can be photographed and made into a slide. while at the same time they can be relatively inexpensive to produce. They are found in all types and levels of briefings. Each frame of the 35-mm filmstrip is related to others in such a way that an entire story or lesson can be contained in one strip. for example. . Transparencies:As used here. Some of the aids included in this category are slides.jected aids may be adapted for use as projected aids. the information to be presented. A combination of pre recorded audio tapes. Depending on time factors. A chart. OTHER AIDS: The audiovisual field is becoming increasingly sophisticated from the equipment or hardware standpoint. overhead transparencies (vu-graphs). filmstrips. A major disadvantage of filmstrips is that they cannot be repaired without losing a portion of their information. and appropriate 35mm slides is called a multimedia presentation.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful