ST Parks and Cooperation with Universities in the Area of Biotechnology

ADVISORY LECTURES BRATISLAWA JANUARY 2008 N TAPANI SAARINEN
VICE PRESIDENT BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

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FINLAND
Population: Area: GDP/capita: PhD students 5.2 million 338.000 km2 26 200 € 21 000

SLOVAKIA
Population: Area: GDP/capita: PhD students 5.4 million 49.036 km2 12 900 € 9 000

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THE WORLD CHANGES RAPIDLY

YOU WON´T BELIEVE, ´TILL YOU SEE

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Mobira Talkman MD 50 1985

4999 € (as 2007 money)

NOKIA 1600 BLACK May 2007 48

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Competitive Finland
City of Turku

Turku Science Park

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Science Parks

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Innovation environment in Finland

Private

R&D at companies 3,880
Business Angels approx. 380* Venture capitalists: Private 268** Finnish Industry Investment:
direct 13, venture capital funds 42, seed funding 11

From abroad 169*
VTT 225 (78)

Sitra 29 Academy of Finland 219 (219) Tekes 430 (430)
Innofin Ministries, 6 (5) TE-Centres, sectorial research 312 (221)*

Finnvera 406 (40)

Finpro 32 (20)

Public

Universities 1,040 (454)*

Basic research

Applied research

Business R&D

Business development Marketing Internationalisation
DM 36100 12-2006 Copyright © Tekes

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The figures represent the total extent of each organisation in million euros in 2005, those marked with star in 2004 or earlier. In parenthesis the share that is funded from the State budget. ** includes venture capital funds from the Finnish Industry Investment Ltd

Key actors of the Finnish innovation environment

Invest in Finland
EU structural funds for innovation

Finpro Finnvera

Sitra

Regional Councils Regional TE-Centres Polytechnics Centres of Expertise Technology Centres

Finnish Industry Investment Ltd Private investments in innovation Investors Business Angels Associations Companies Inventions Research institutes National Board of Patents and Registrations of Finland Universities

Key actors of the Finnish innovation environment

Tekes

Academy of Finland Ministry of Education

Other ministries

Ministry of Employment and the Economy

Investments in different sectors like environment, health and traffic

Science and Technology Policy National public investment in Council
innovation and know-how
DM 36100 01-2008 Copyright © Tekes

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FINNISH UNIVERSITIES

20 Universities
Students 163 000, of which new students 19 000 Qualifications/year 10 000 Personnel 12 000

(+ 30 Polytechnics with 120 000 Students)

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FINNISH SCIENCE PARKS
OPERATIVE COMPANIES
30 technology and science parks
Agropolis Carelian Science Park Culminatum Finn-Medi Research Foodwest Helsinki Business & Science Park Hämeenlinna Technology Centre Jyväskylä Science Park Kajaani Science Park Ketek Kuopio Technology Centre Teknia Media Tampere Neopoli Otaniemi Science Park PrizzTech Seinäjoki Technology Centre Tampere Technology Centre Technopolis TechVilla Technology Centre Kareltek Technology Centre Merinova Turku Science Park

550 employees 100 M€ turnover

SCIENCE PARKS
1 600 enterprises and organizations 32 000 experts 1 000 000 m2

WWW.TEKEL.FI

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Network in Finland of:
Universities, Polytechnics Public research institutes Technology centres

University
Regional university unit

Polytechnic
Polytechnic regional unit

VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland or other public research institute
Regional unit of public sector research institute

Technology centre

www.tekel.fi
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DM 58620 03-2004 Copyright © Tekes

Finland – a Country of Top Education
Learning outcomes for schoolchildren:
1st Place Mathematical literacy Reading literacy Scienctific literacy Problem solving 2nd Place 3rd Place

Finland

Korea

The Netherlands

Finland

Korea

Canada

Finland

Japan

Korea

Korea

Finland

Japan

Source: OECD PISA 2003 Study
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The Global Competitiveness Report 2007-2008
Overall Competitiveness Index
1. United States

2.
3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Switzerland
Denmark Sweden Germany Finland Singapore

8.
9. 10.
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Japan
UK The Netherlands

Source: World Economic Forum, Global Competitiveness Report 2007-2008

R&D investments in some countries
Percentage of GDP
5,05.0 4,54.5 4,04.0 3,53.5 3,03.0 2,52.5 2,02.0 1,51.5 1,01.0 0,50.5 91

Israel Sweden FINLAND Japan Korea Iceland USA Germany Denmark Austria Singapore OECD France Canada Great Britain Norway China Ireland
92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05
Prel. Sources: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, Finland 2005 and 2006, Statistics Finland
DM 36109, 36054 and 218475 04-2007 Copyright © Tekes

06

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R&D expenditure in Finland
Billion euros
6 5 4

Enterprises Universities Other public research
4.4

4.6

4.8

5.0

5.3

5.5

5.8

3.9
3.4 2.9 2.2

3 2

1.5 1.1
1 0 87 89

1.7 1.8

91

93

95

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

Source: Statistics Finland

DM 36100 12-2007 Copyright © Tekes

R&D input in Finland
Total 5.8 billion euros, 3.5 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2006.

Public sector
1.7 billion euros

Enterprises
4.1 billion euros

In 2006 Tekes allocated 477 million euros for R&D projects.

Sources: Statistics Finland and Tekes

DM 36100 10-2007 Copyright © Tekes

Companies’ share of total R&D funding in 2003
Japan Finland Germany Sweden USA Denmark Belgium Slovenia Ireland EU 15 Czechia Netherlands France Norway Spain Slovakia Great Britain Austria Iceland Portugal

0

20

40
Source: Eurostat

60

80 %
DM 36109 and 36054 03-2006 Copyright © Tekes

Venture capital investments
Average 2000-2003
Iceland USA Canada Korea OECD Sweden Great Britain Netherlands Finland EU Spain Denmark Norway France Belgium Ireland Germany Portugal Switzerland Austria Japan
0.0 0,0

Early phase 0.1 0,1

Expansion phase

0,20.2 0,3 0.3 Percent of GDP

0,4 0.4

0,5

0.5

DM 36104, 36054 and 218475

Source: OECD, Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2005 09-2006 Copyright © Tekes

Finnish Innovations
MIRENA® Heart rate monitor

Long-acting intrauterine contraceptive system

Benecol®

ABLOY®

Xylitol

Range of foods and drinks with a unique cholesterol lowering ingredient

Utilization of Xylitol e.g. in chewing gums and pastilles to prevent caries

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THE AIM AND MISSION OF THE GOVERNMENT IS
TO PROVIDE FOR BOTH ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION ACTIVITIES WORLDS BEST OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT.
“Finnish Government Platform 2007”

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Competitive Finland
City of Turku

Turku Science Park

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85 Million People within 1000 km Radius

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Turku – an Educational Centre with Traditions
 Academia Aboensis, the Åbo Akademi, was founded already in 1640. It reached the top level of science by the end of 1700’s  Today Turku has three universities and the largest polytechnic (University of Applied Sciences) in Finland

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THE 4 PHASES OF UNIVERSITY DEVELOPMENT and 5th
( WALSH ; 1990, SAARINEN 1994, 2004)

PRINCIPAL INFLUENECES ON THE UNIVERSITIES

PRIME FUNCTIONS

AND OUTCOMES

CHURCH EDUCATION (Alma Mater Bologna ca.1170-1300) CHURCH AND STATE (ca.1300-1830) EDUCATION

PRIESTS, MED DOCTORS, LAWYERS

PRIESTS, MED DOCTORS, LAWYERS CIVIL CERVANTS

STATE EDUCATION CIVIL CERVANTS, PROFESSIONALS (ca. 1830-1980) RESEARCH PURE AND APPLIED The era of traditional industrialism, continuous growth, large scale ENTERPRISES, STATE EDUCATION KEY MANPOWER (ca. 1980-) RESEARCH PURE AND APPLIED, GOOD AND BAD The era of information technology, virtual organisations, smaller scale INNOVATION BROKERS ? UTILISATION? OF RESEARCH? GLOBAL KEY MANPOWER START UPS ???

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Favourable Location in the Fast Growing Baltic Sea Region
 The most high-level and most international centre of research and innovation after the capital region  World class competence in the biotechnology and maritime clusters  The highest GEP forecast of production growth, employment and population development in Finland until the year 2010¹)  Near the European markets – located along the transport corridors of all the Nordic countries  Good connections by flight, road, train and ferries
¹) ETLA 2006
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Oslo Gothenburg

Stockholm

TURKU Helsinki

St Petersburg

Moscow Copenhagen Gdansk London Brussels Berlin Düsseldorf

Paris

Milan

Rome

Competitive Finland
City of Turku

Turku Science Park

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SCIENCE PARK CONCEPT
TO CONVERT KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERTISE INTO

ACTION, PRODUCTION AND INVESTMENTS

”The Product of a Science Park is contact, which leads into activity”
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SCIENCE PARK CONCEPT

Providing and Developing Premises, Environment and services.

Incubation and other Activities for tenants

Regional and National Development Projects and programs. CoE Programme
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MISSION OF SCIENCE PARKS

 ENHANCE INDUSTRIAL PROFILE

      

BUILD THE IMAGE OF THE REGIONAL ECONOMY IMPORTANT ROLE IN INNOVATION AND INDUSTRIAL RENEVAL SUPPORT THE FORMATION OF BUSINESSES NURTURE ENTREPRENEURSHIP INTERMEDIATES BETWEEN ACADEMIA AND INDUSTRY CATALYST FOR THE COMMERCIALISATION OF RESEARCH RESULTS TRANSFORMER OF IDEAS INTO NEW PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES Patrick Dubarle; OECD Territorial Development Service; Quebec 2002

©

N.T. Saarinen Turku Science Park Jan.2003

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TRIPLE HELIX

ACADEMIA

INDUSTRY

SOCIETY

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SUCCES FACTORS OF SCIENCE PARKS

• INFRASTRUCTURE • LOGISTICS; COMMUNICATIONS
•SITE; POSSIBILITY TO GROW • LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE •UNIVERSITIES; RESEARCH INSTITUTES • PEOPLE

• COORDINATION
• OGRGANISED; RESOURSED

• RECOGNIZED LEADERSHIP

• COOPERATION
• TRIPLE HELIX

• COMMITMENT
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””FLOW OF KNOWLEDGE

Turku Science Park Ltd Accelerating Innovative Growth
 Responsible for the management and development of Turku Science Park - in close co-operation with the local universities, polytechnics, companies and public actors  Takes care of the strategic management of the Turku Science Park area and activities as well as marketing and business development services.  Promoting innovation and new businesses based on the knowledge and expertise from local universities and companies

 Enhancing the internationalization and growth of BioTurku® – cluster and ICT Turku –cluster
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Turku Science Park Ltd Mission
To promote businesses based on local university knowledge

Role
Regional development company and neutral intermediate between research, business and the public sector
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Operative Areas Focus coverage
 Biotechnology
Life Sciences

 ICT
Applied ICT

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Strategic Goals

1. External R&D funding, VC and investments to focal areas 2. Number of employees in focal areas

3. The city´s and region´s image as a centre for high-tech

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Turku Science Park - a Strong Platform for High-tech

 three universities  two polytechnics  university hospital       13 500 employees 25 000 students 400 professors 300 companies and organisations over 250 000 m2 of premises an integral 5 km² area within a walking distance from the city-centre

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Attractive Location for High-tech
350 300 250 200 150 100 50
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Number of organizations:

0

Organizations by type:
25% 12%

23% 28% 12%
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Bio Services ICT Other technology Research and education

Different business areas within the focal fields
Biotech in SW Finland according to the number of companies, 2003
Functional food 7% Biomaterials 7% Teknology/services 45%

ICT in SW Finland by number of personnel, 2003
Media and content 22% Nokia 32%

Telecom 10%

Diagnostics 23%
Drug development 18%
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Services and software 18%

Devices (excl. Nokia) 18%

Growing stock of companies and turnover in the the young biotech business area
Biotech turnover (m€, Luotain)
450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0

19 93

19 94

19 95

19 96

19 97

19 98

19 99

20 00

20 01

20 02

20 03

Employees in biotech companies (Luotain)
2900 2700 2500 2300 2100 1900 1700 1500

19 93

19 94

20 04

19 95

19 96

19 97

19 98

19 99

20 00

20 01

20 02

20 03

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20 04

Growing stock of companies and turnover in the the young biotech business area
Company size by personnel
11 % 11 %

8% 19 % < 10 '10 - 20 '20 - 50 '50 - 100

51 %

>100

    

Young business area Good start-up rate Business is steadily growing Size distribution typical for Europe International and domestic companies in all life cycle stages: Schering AG, GE Healthcare, PerkinElmer, Orion Pharma, Raisio Group, BioTie, Hormos Medical, Novatreat, LAB Pharma, Hytest

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Business-driven Board of Directors for Turku Science Park Ltd
The Chairmen:
• Tom von Weymarn, The Chairman of the Board, also Chairman of the Board in TeliaSonera Ab and Lännen Tehtaat Plc • Tero Hirvilammi, Vice-Chairman of the Board, Deputy Mayor for Competence and Business Development in the city of Turku

Board members:
• Pauliina de Anna, 2nd Vice-Chair of the City Board (City of Turku) • Rabbe Klemets, Chairman of the Board in Klemets Management Ltd • Seppo Lehtinen, 1st Vice-Chair of the City Board (City of Turku) • Björn Mattsson, Chairman of the Board in Patria Plc and Nordkalk Plc • Aleksi Randell, Member of the Turku City Council, Special Adviser of the Minister of Communication • Matti K. Viljanen, Professor, Vice-Rector in University of Turku
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Solid Scientific Base – Source of Innovations and Experts

     

120 professors ~1000 scientists in ~80 groups 8000 university students 350 polytechnic students 8 Graduate Schools 80 new PhDs / MDs per year

     

35 professors 260 scientists 2000 university students 2000 polytechnic students Graduate School 20 new PhDs per year

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Incubation Process
Exit

Incubation period (1-3 years)
Selection and finance decisions Pre-Incubation Evaluation

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Results of the Business Incubation Process
 Over 160 start-ups 1989 – 2007
 Success rate 85 - 90 %

 Over 850 new jobs
Currently in the Incubator: • 10 bio companies • 15 ICT companies • 7 companies of other fields
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Organisational Structure Undergoing Changes

Turku Science Park Ltd

Established 1st September2007

(planned)

Biocelex Ltd
- Innovation & Business Development company - Management of own seed fund - Ownership (November 2007): Turku Science Park Ltd (69%) Karolinska Institutet Holding AB (25%) Management of Biocelex Ltd (6%)
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’Technology Accelerator Ltd’
- Turku Science Park Ltd with other partners

TRIPLE HELIX IN CoE -PROGRAMME

ACADEMIA

PRODUCERS OF THE KNOWLEDGE

USERS AND UTILISERS OF THE KNOWLEDGE

INDUSTRY

INFRASTRUCTURE AND POLICY MAKERS

SOCIETY

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SparkNet – the Widest Wireless Local Area Network in Finland
    Over 2000 wireless access points 100.000 registrated users Free for university staff and students as well as city employees Test bed for new technologies and facilitator of cooperation

www.sparknet.fi

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WHERE ARE WE GOING ?
GO DOWNTOWN
(URBAN KNOWLEDGE PARKS – LEARNING VILLAGES)

TTTT by Richard Florida

SCIENCE AND SERVICES
(CLUSTERING AND NETWORKING SERVICES) CoE Programme

EARLY BIRDS
(TARGETED EARLY STAGE FINANCING – PRE SEED POSSIBILITIES IN RESEARCH RESULTS)

WHERE TO WORK
(CREATIVE CLASS LIFESTYLE)

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FINLAND – LIFE AND SCIENCES

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION www.turkusciencepark.com
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