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Attention Getter
a. All of us have driven along the highway and seen countless items strewn
just beyond the shoulder.
b. We have taken a walk on the beach and have found more than just shells
in the sand – but bottles, lost goggles, Styrofoam plates, just to name a
c. How many of us have used plastic cups at a party and not cared, or even
remembered where they ended up?
d. And how many of us have wadded up our garbage, aimed for the trash
can, missed, shrugged our shoulders and thought ‘close enough’ before
walking away?
II. Problem
a. We assume that there is someone there to clean our litter up. [SLIDE 1]
But what if it’s not a person?
b. (THESIS) We, because we’re the dominant species on this planet and
because we’re responsible citizens, should be able to throw our trash away
c. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, the
ingestion of litter injures or kills thousands of pets, wildlife, and farm
animals within this state alone.
d. And it’s not just our pets, but marine animals thousands of miles away.
e. Would you believe that a majority of the trash in our oceans does not
come from the shore? Litter miles inland makes it into the oceans. There
innocent and unsuspecting animals think it is food and try to eat it;
eventually, it ends up killing them.
f. And for those who could care less about animals thousands of miles way,
littering costs humans too.
g. According to, to remove roadside trash [SLIDE 2],
it cost PA 10.1 million dollars a year to clean up the litter we were to lazy
to take care of in the first place
h. Litter can also affect property value. A pamphlet titled “Litter Prevention”
states that in areas with high concentrations of litter, houses are appraised
at 7% less of what they would be worth in a litter free environment
i. Ironically enough, the information I shared with you is nothing new.
We’ve known the dangers of littering since we were kids, but yet still
continue to harm our environment and economy. That is the real problem.
III. Satisfaction
a. In today’s commercialist world, litter could never be completely
eradicated, but it could be significantly lessened, one piece at a time.
b. Littering has been proven to be the result of individual behavior that
affects a community. What this means is that if we see litter in an area,
we’re more likely to litter because in the grand scheme of things, our piece
of litter won’t matter. But, imagine the damage one piece of litter can do
[SLIDE 3], or perhaps, the collective “one pieces” [SLIDE 4].
i. Off the coast of Hawaii, a dead sea turtle was found to have over
1,000 pieces of plastic within its intestines. The plastic clogs the

they can’t afford to build or repair them. d. d. I’m always frustrated when there is roadwork. [SLIDE 5]This is how that dead sea turtle ended up consuming over 1000 pieces of plastic. but we can also reduce the money needed to clean litter up after it is improperly disposed of. next time you walk on the beach to collect shells. If we. We can not only help save the lives of innocent and unsuspecting animals by cleaning up our litter. When you aim for the trashcan and miss. b. depriving the turtle of nutrients and slowly starves it to death. Littering can be lessened. i. Also. As a motorist.1 million dollars it spent picking up trash. Call to Action a. The government spends so much cleaning up the roads. one piece at a time. one of a sea turtles main sources of food is jellyfish…but what tragically happens on a regular basis is sea turtles mistaking our plastic bags for jellyfish. Imagine where else PA could have used that 10. we can be assured that we will make a difference [SLIDE 6] . but doubly so when it takes forever and there’s seemingly no one working on it. So. Remember it doesn’t only affect animals. intestines. c. take the time and effort to dispose of our trash correctly. How does this happen? Well. take an extra bag to collect trash. Couldn’t the millions spent cleaning our roads better serve our education IV. c. try to be sure that your plastic cup ends up in the trash. The problem: money. as individuals. take those extra seconds to walk over and put your litter into the trashcan. At a party. Penn State is facing devastating budget cuts.

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