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Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision

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ALSTOM does not take any responsibility for events. Please contact the responsible ALSTOM technical sales office and request the necessary information. commitments. furnished in this application guide are throughly tested. resulting solely from any applicable purchase order will not be affected by the content of this application guide. which are mentioned in this application guide provide further instructions to the Installation. which result from applying the procedure specified in this guide. However. legal relationships and any obligations on the part of ALSTOM including warranty claims. operation. control and testing of the respective devices. MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision Note The Technical guides for devices. all conceivable applications and circumustances cannot be covered. connection. Px30/DE AS Aa 2 / 13 . Any contractual agreements. In case of specific questions or problems no action should be taken without prior consent. The instructions and the procedure.

MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision Content 1 Introduction ______________________________________________________________________4 1.2 General Information ______________________________________________________________4 2 Procedures for Trip circuit supervision _______________________________________________5 2.1 Trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs___________________________________________5 2. _______________ 7 Figure 3 Trip circuit supervision with Resistor via –Q0-S1 (Principle representation)___________ 8 Figure 4 Logical diagramme for trip circuit supervision with Resistor via –Q0-S1 _____________ 9 Figure 5 Trip circuit supervision with resistor connected with CB-Trip (Principle representation) 11 Px30/DE AS Aa 3 / 13 .1 Application _____________________________________________________________________4 1.2 Trip circuit supervision with one binary input ___________________________________________7 2.2 Trip circuit supervision with resistor connected with CB-Trip ___________________________11 Tables Table 1: Overview of the procedures for trip circuit supervision _________________________ 4 Table 2: Operating conditions of the trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs __________ 6 Figures Figure 1 Trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs (Principle representation) _____________ 5 Figure 2 Logical diagramme for trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs.2.1 Trip circuit supervision with resistor in series with CB coil ______________________________7 2.2.

At the same time for the higher operating voltage a limitation of the power loss takes place due to the current consumption (current drain) extensively independent of the voltage. When using two binary inputs trip circuit failures are detectable in all switching status of the circuit-breaker... as per available Inputs and Outputs peripherals. P439. Changes of designation texts can be made over the text replacement tool with the setting program MiCOM S1 S&R-103.1 Application The Protective devices of the MiCOM Px30 series e. 1 Additional. ü - Trip 1. which guarantees a high degree of fail-safeness over a wide range of the operating voltage ranging from 24 V . MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision 1 Introduction 1.1 ü ü ü ü 1 1 BI with R via 2.. C232. contained in this application guide.. allows the supervision of the control circuits of the circuit breakers TRIP-Commands (Trip circuit supervision). P63x. external resistor R in trip circuit Px30/DE AS Aa 4 / 13 . a restricted supervision however is provided .2 General Information The following description refers to the Protection & Control Unit MiCOM P139 but are however applicable also in principle for all the other devices of the MiCOM Px30 series accordingly. when using the procedure with one binary input. It is to be differentiated generally between the procedures with one or two binary inputs (BI) respectively.2.g. P139. 250 V -. Due to this characteristic by connecting in series one or two binary inputs with the trip coil of the circuit breaker respectively.2 ü . it is possible to supervise the trip circuit with a limited current without being the circuit breaker is operated. Depending on the number of the freely available potential free binary inputs as well as the auxiliary voltage (control voltage) and the impedances of the circuit breaker´s coil different procedures are provided. Supervision Supervision Trip-Coil when Control voltage Circuit breaker CB Close CB Open 2 BI 2. .2. Table 1: Overview of the procedures for trip circuit supervision Procedure Section Trip circuit supervision incl.. correspond to the designations in factory delivered data models. The binary inputs available in the MICOM Px30 series are provided with a specialized Voltage / Current characteristic .1 ü ü ü - Auxiliary switch 1 BI with R at CB 2.. The designations of function groups and settings.

g. Prerequisite for this procedure of the trip circuit supervision is that the control voltage shall have twice the value of the switching voltage of the binary inputs (UA³ 2·UBImin). Designation as per Px30 series contact peripherals e.g. Activated binary inputs are represented with logical status „H“ and inactivated binary inputs with „L“ in the Table 2. Figure 1 Trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs (Principle representation) Depending upon the switching status of General trip command relay and the circuit breaker the binary inputs of the protection device are energized accordingly. UA L+ UA Px30 -U903 Px30 -K901 UBI1 -U904 UBI2 -Q0 -Q0 -Q0 Legend: -Y0 -S1E -S1A -Q0 UA Control voltage (Auxiliary voltage) UBI Input voltage (Switching voltage) of the binary inputs -Q0 Circuit breaker -Q0-S1 CB auxiliary contact E = NO. After reaching the final position „OFF“ (TRIP) the trip circuit Px30/DE AS Aa 5 / 13 . -U904 Binary input (BI 2) Note: The circuit breaker is represented in closed (ON) position.1 Trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs In case of the trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs (Fig. MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision 2 Procedures for Trip circuit supervision 2. Therefore this procedure should be applied from the nominal voltage starting above 32V-(e.g. This procedure is suitable for the supervision of the control voltage. A = NC -Q0-Y0 CB Trip coil -K901 General Trip command 1 -U903 Binary input (BI 1) L. P139. Starting from the operating condition with closed circuit breaker -ON-position (Condition „1“) the operating condition „2“ occurs if the protection relay trips or the control voltage is missing. 1) one binary input of the respective protection device is connected parallel to the General Trip-Command (e. –K901) while the second binary input is connected parallel to the circuit-breaker auxiliary contact (. Table 2 provides an overview of the different switching status. 48 V-). The Px30 series devices have UBImin = 16V-.Q0-s1). the supervision of the trip circuit in case of an interruption as well as for the function of the circuit breaker via an auxiliary contact of the circuit breaker. This condition may occur only during the operating time of the circuit breaker and is therefore supervised by the LOGIC (Figure 2) .

For the local indication via LEDs or for the issuance of alarm content „Trip circuit faulty“ via relay contacts the LEDs as such the output contacts are to be assigned (Function group „LED“ or „OUTP“) respectively for the applicable alarm „LOGIC output 1(t). 1 Under this condition the two binary inputs can be activ. Due to the current limitation via BI 2 no energization of the coil takes place. A possibly necessary prolongation of the trip commands. Trip CB CB Binary input Binary input Remarks breaker cmd. Also after the trip command has been executed (Condition „4“) the trip coil supervision remains preserved via binary inputs connected in series. Consequently in condition „3“ with opened circuir breaker (OFF-Position) a trip coil supervision takes place. a timer with operating delay is assigned to the logical link. as these are automatically transmitted via communication interface. but they must not be. So that during the circuit breaker operating time no failure alarm shall be generated. A fast reaction to disturbances in the trip circuit is guaranteed by setting the timer to 2s. a respective latching or a parallel wired trip command do not affect the functionality of the supervision.4 EXT. These assignments are not contained in Figure 2.. Table 2: Operating conditions of the trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs Circuit Gen. but is closed again via binary input –U904 and –Q0-S1A. This is however meaningless for the supervision. Or Trip circuit faulty 3 OFF closed open closed L H 4 OFF open open closed H H 1 The logical link of both the binary inputs takes place in the programmable logic. -K901 Auxiliary Auxiliary (BE1) (BE2) -Q0 contact contact -U903 -U904 -Q0-S1E -Q0-S1A 1 ON open closed open H L 2 ON closed closed open L L TRIP CMD. It is advisable for the assignment of the binary inputs not to use the LOGIC Inputs 1. Px30/DE AS Aa 6 / 13 . MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision is opened via auxiliary contact –Q0-S1E ( The coil is denergized). The General trip command remains persisting via –K901 till it is de-energized by the protection device.

2 Trip circuit supervision with one binary input If there is only one binary input available. U 904 036. Trip Cmd.1 a high ohmic resistor (R) is used for the purpose of closing the current circuit in case of the cicruit breaker Trip (OFF).004 152. additional measures should be met to block the trip circuit supervision.154 Input 6 EXT 1 Fct.00 s 034.151 Function assignment of Input 5 EXT 1 Fct.005 Input 6 EXT Note: LOGIC Output 1 (t) corresponds to the alarm „Trip circuit faulty“ Figure 2 Logical diagramme for trip circuit supervision with two binary inputs. in order to avoid maloperation. 2. 2.-/Release delay Timer t1 Output 1: 2. the trip circuit supervision can also be realized in two different variants by using additionally a resistor. 1 (t) 034.005 152. 1 1 Fct. mode t Output 1: Oper.1 Trip circuit supervision with resistor in series with CB coil In place of the second binary input via circuit breaker auxiliary contact according to 2.00 s Timer t2 Output 1: 0.193 Gen. U 903 Inputs and Outputs 034.2. K 901 Building of trip circuit supervision with programmable logic 034. A necessary latching of the indicators or relay output contacts can be configured in the Function group „LED“ and / or „OUTP“. Px30/DE AS Aa 7 / 13 .033 & t=2s LOGIC outp. assignm.004 Input 5 EXT 042. assignm.assignm. After elimination of the fault in the trip circuit the fault signal will be resetted back automatically. MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision Additional settings: LOGIC Oper.071 150. Since due to the settings the trip command can persist longer or is in a latched position.

P139. the trip circuit is then closed via binary input and the trip coil. However. MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision UA L+ UA Px30 -U903 Px30 -K901 U BI1 R -Q0 -Q0 -Q0 Legend: -Y0 -S1E -S1A -Q0 UA Control voltage (Auxiliary voltage) UBI Input voltage (Switching voltage) of the binary inputs -Q0 Circuit breaker -Q0-S1 CB auxiliary contact E = NO. In case of a trip command the binary input is shorted via General trip command and remains in this state until this trip contact or one from a parallel connected external protection device is de-energized. Figure 3 Trip circuit supervision with Resistor via –Q0-S1 (Principle representation) If the circuit breaker is closed (ON) and there is no tripping command existing. For a desired latched trip command of the supervised device the signal General trip command itself and not the relay is to be configured as latched and is to be used as a blocking signal in the programmable logic (not applicable for Distance protection devices P43x). after the expiry of the preset duration a fault in the trip circuit or non availability of the control voltage will be signalized. For longer hold-timer (external oder internal) the timer can be set upto 600 s. Px30/DE AS Aa 8 / 13 . Designation as per Px30 series contact peripherals e.g. A = NC -Q0-Y0 CB Trip coil -K901 General Trip command 1 -U903 Binary input (BI 1) R high ohmic resistor L- Note: The circuit breaker is represented in closed (ON) position.

There are two boundary conditions applicable for the determination of the resistor value which limits the permissible range: · With closed –Q0-S1A and closed –K901 the current flowing through the resistor may not lead to the energization of the trip coil: Thus following applies: ( R min = UaU-Ucoilcoilmax (max) )· Rcoil (1) Ua Control voltage Ucoil(max) maximum permissible voltage across the coil (usually 10% of the nominal voltage) Rcoil ohmic resistance of the trip coil · With closed –Q0-S1A and opened –K901 the minimum voltage across the binary input and the minimum current should be achieved to energize the trip coil: Px30/DE AS Aa 9 / 13 .assignm.004 Input 5 EXT 042. 1: Yes 034.151 Function assignment of Input 5 EXT 1 Fct. 1 Note: LOGIC Output 1 (t) corresponds to the alarm „Trip circuit faulty“ Figure 4 Logical diagramme for trip circuit supervision with Resistor via –Q0-S1 The resistor to be looped in by the system provider in the current circuit is to be designed depending upon the control voltage and the trip coil. Trip Cmd.004 152. U 903 Inputs and Outputs 036. Trip Cmd.-/Release delay Timer t1 Output 1: 300. MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision Additional settings: LOGIC Oper. mode t Output 1: Oper. K 901 Building of trip circuit supervision with programmable logic 034. 1 1 Fct.00 s(example) Timer t2 Output 1: 0.193 Gen.assignm.033 & t < 600s LOGIC Output 1 (t) 036.071 Gen.00 s MAIN Latching trip cmd.071 150.

This could for instance occur during a latched trip command (continuous current flow) and a control voltage of 48V (high current consumption) .6V ö÷ · 23W = 207W è 6V ø R max = æç 60V . · Example: Ua 60V Ucoil(max) 6V Rcoil 23W R min = æç 60V .Rcoil ) (2) UBI(min) minimum control voltage of the binary input (= 16V for Px30) IBI(min) Current at switching threshold of the binary input (= 36mA for Px30) Rcoil ohmic resistance of the trip coil · The optimum resistance value corresponds the arithmatic mean value from Rmin and Rmax: ( R = R min + R max 2 ) (3) The resistance value should be taken from Standards E12 (±10%) or E24 (±5%). this procedure for the trip circuit supervision is then not applicable! · For determining the power consumption of the resistor R the following equation applies: PR = (R +UR )2 · R a coil (4) Note: While determining the power consumption it was presumed that the current of the switching threshold (IBI(min)) flows continuously through the resistor R.036 A ø ( R = 207W + 1199W = 703W 2 ) Next standard value (E24): R = 680W PR = (680W60+V23W )2 · 680W ³ 5W Note:The calculation should be carried out additionally for the maximum and minimum permissible control voltage („worst case“ calculation) . Note: In case if the calculation yields Rmin > Rmax .23W » 1199W ÷ è 0. since this yields different resistance values. Usually it is sufficient to determine Rmin for the maximum control voltage and Rmax for the minimum control voltage and to use these values for the determination of R. Therefore a matching of the power consumption is possible only by taking into consideration the plant conditions. Px30/DE AS Aa 10 / 13 . MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision ( R max = UaI-BIU(min) BI (min) .16V ö .

2. Figure 5 Trip circuit supervision with resistor connected with CB-Trip (Principle representation) · The resistance R and its power consumption result in this procedure directly from the equations (5) and (6).2 Trip circuit supervision with resistor connected with CB-Trip With certain resistances of the coils the condition Rmin > Rmax from 2.1 applies concerning the boundary conditions with latched trip commands. P139.2. Designation as per Px30 series contact peripherals e. UA L+ UA Px30 -U903 Px30 -K901 U BI1 -Q0 -Q0 -Q0 Legend: -Y0 -S1E -S1A -Q0 UA Control voltage (Auxiliary voltage) UBI Input voltage (Switching voltage) of the binary inputs -Q0 Circuit breaker -Q0-S1 CB auxiliary contact R E = NO.g. Likewise the given reference in section 2.1 cannot be fulfilled for smaller control voltages. since with the opened circuit breaker (OFF) only the resistor is in series with the binary input: R = UaI-BIU(min) BI (min) (5) 2 PR = U a (6) R The supervision takes place with the logic functions in accordance with Figure 4. Px30/DE AS Aa 11 / 13 . The trip circuit in that case is then supervised only with closed circuit-breaker.2. In this case the possibility exists to accomplish the supervision of the trip circuit with a simplified circuit. A = NC -Q0-Y0 CB Trip coil -K901 General Trip command 1 -U903 Binary input (BI 1) R high ohmic resistor L- Note: The circuit breaker is represented in closed (ON) position. MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision 2.

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66 32-25 48 . D-60491 Frankfurt. Bereich Schutz.66 32-3333 . ++49 (0) 69 . Germany ( ++49 (0) 69 .und Schaltanlagenleittechnik (Protection and Control) Lyoner Straße 44-48. Postfach 71 01 07. MiCOM Px30 Trip Circuit Supervision ALSTOM Energietechnik GmbH. D-60528 Frankfurt.