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Star Connection/Delta Connection SI-7600/SI-7600D

3-Phase Stepper Motor Driver ICs

■Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter Symbol Ratings Units
Load supply voltage V BB 50 V
Logic supply voltage VCC 7 V
Input voltage VIN −0.3 to VCC V
Reference input voltage V REF −0.3 to VCC V
Sense voltage Vsense 1.5 V
Package power dissipation PD 1 W
Junction temperature Tj −20 to +85 °C
Operating temperature Top +125 °C
Storage temperature Tstg −55 to +125 °C

■Recommended Operating Voltage Ranges (Ta=25°C)
Parameter Symbol Ratings Units
Load supply voltage V BB 15 to 45 V
Logic supply voltage VCC 3 to 5.5 V
Reference input voltage V REF 0.2 to Vcc−2 V

■Electrical Characteristics
Ratings
Parameter Symbol Units Conditions
min typ max
Load supply voltage VBB 15 45 V
Logic supply voltage V CC 3.0 5.5 V
VOL1 8 15 V
VOL2 0 1 V
Output voltage
VOH1 VBB−15 VBB−8 V
VOH2 VBB−1 VBB V
Load supply current IBB 25 mA VCC=5.5V
Logic supply current ICC 10 mA VCC=5.5V
VIH 3.75 V
Logic input voltage
VIL 1.25 V
IIH 20 µA VIN=V CC×0.75
Logic input current
IIL −20 µA VIN=V CC×0.25
200 Edge=0V
Maximum clock frequency F kHz
100 Edge=VCC
V Slow 1.7 VCC V
PFD input voltage VMix 0.7 1.3 V
V Fast 0.3 V
PFD input current IPFD ±50 µA
Reference input voltage VREF 0 V CC−2 V
Reference input current IREF ±10 µA VREF=0~Vcc−2V
V S1 V REF×0.2 V Mode=VCC, VREF =0~VCC−2V
Sense voltage
V S2 VREF×0.17 V Mode=0V, AVREF =0~VCC−2V
RC source current IRC 220 µA
Off time Toff 1.1×Rt ×Ct Sec.

98 SI-7600/SI-7600D

51 min 1.50 20 11 20 11 6.6 24.27 0.54 min 5. PFD RC Pin No.2 to VCC2-2V) Rt:15k to 75kΩ C3 to C6:0. Name S VBB Vcc OHA Pin1 PFD Pin8 Full/Half Pin15 OLA Reset OHB Pin2 Sense Pin9 Enable Pin16 OHC CW/CCW OHA Pin3 Vcc Pin10 Mode Pin17 OHB EDGE OLA Pin4 Reset Pin11 REF Pin18 OHA CK OLB Pin5 CW/CCW Pin12 GND Pin19 V BB F/H OLC Pin6 Edge Pin13 OLC Pin20 RC Ena GND Pin7 Clock Pin14 OLB Mode REF ■External Dimensions (Unless specified otherwise. Name Pin No.3-Phase Stepper Motor Driver ICs (Star Connection/Delta Connection) SI-7600/SI-7600D ■Internal Block Diagram/Diagram of Standard External Circuit + Vcc VBB C4 C2 + C7 C1 C3 Clock OHA CW/CCW OHB Control signal Reset OHC Control Pri- F/H OLA U Logic Buffer Ena OLB V Edge OLC W R5 Mode Current 1/5 Sense R1 REF Control Vcc Buffer MOS Array ex.2 0.89 1.1 to 1Ω C1:10 µ F/10V R1+R2≤10kΩ R5:10kΩ (1 to 5W) C2:100 µ F/63V (VREF:0.30 1.8 2.54 0.4 0.01 to 1 µ F R3+R4≤10kΩ Ct:420p to 1100pF C7:1000pF (VPFD:0 to VCC2) ■Terminal Connection The package shapes of SI-7600 and SI-7600D are different. SLA5017 at 4A max C5 R2 Rs SLA5059 at 4A max PFD RC GND SLA5060 at 6A max Vcc Io R3 SLA5061 at 10A max C6 R4 Ct Rt (Sanken) Reference constants Rs:0.08 max 0.62 max 2. all values are typical) (Units: mm) SI-7600 SI-7600D 12.5 1 10 1 10 0.25 0° to 15° SI-7600/SI-7600D 99 .8 max 7. however the terminal connection is the same.7 2.30 5.48 0. Name Pin No.27 max 7.

7V to Vcc Slow Decay Always 100% (Note 1) 3-phase excitation: 100% Edge In Mixed Decay mode. When the Mode terminal level is low IO≅VREF/(5×RS) 2. FET array to drive a 3-phase stepper motor. the accuracy of the refer- connection (3/2-3phase excitation) ence voltage divider ratio deteriorates. and motor-free control 5. of (2) from that of (1). or Mixed De- 3.3V Mixed Decay Mode 2-phase excitation: 85% 1. About the Current Control System (Setting the ● Step switching at the positive edge or positive/negative edge Constant Ct/Rt) of the clock signal The SI-7600 uses a current control system of the self-excitation ● Control current automatic switching function for 2-3phase ex.88×RS)→ 2-phase excitation ● Control logic supply voltage Vcc=3 to 5. type with a fixed chopping OFF time. Select the output- stage MOS FET according to the rated current of the motor. (Current control: 86% for 2-phase excitation. DIP …SI-7600D 470pF/20kΩ) ● Maximum output current depends on the ratings of the MOS Usually. Mixed Decay. or Fast Decay selectable Ct: 420 to 1100pF ● Two package lineup: SOP (surface mounting) and DIP (lead Rt: 15 to 75kΩ insertion) (Slow Decay or Mixed Decay →560pF/47kΩ. the internal tOFFS≅TOFF−tOFFf ……(3) 100 SI-7600/SI-7600D . Input terminal Low level High level PFD applied voltage and decay mode CW/CCW CW CCW PFD applied voltage Decay mode Full/Half 2-3phase excitation 2-phase excitation 0 to 0. Features When the Mode terminal level is high ● Suitable for both star connection drive and delta connection drive IO≅VREF/(5×RS)→ 3-phase excitation ● Maximum load supply voltage VBB =45V IO≅VREF/(5. The Fast Decay time is Note 2: When the Edge terminal level is set high. Note 3: When the Reset terminal level is set high. Formula (1) is used to determine the chopping OFF time. 3-Phase Stepper Motor Driver ICs (Star Connection/Delta Connection) SI-7600/SI-7600D Application Notes 1. ● Supports star connection (2/2-3phase excitation) and delta (When the voltage is less than 0. Full/Half.5V The reference voltage can be set within the range of 0. Note 1: The control current is always 85% for the full step (2. Input Logic Truth Table cay depending on the PFD terminal input potential. citation (effective for star connection) The chopping OFF time is determined by the constant Ct/Rt. the chopping OFF time and by the PFD input voltage VPFD.3V Fast Decay Enable Disable Enable 0.2V to Vcc −2V. the duty ratio of the input clock should be set The Slow Decay time (tOFFs) is calculated by subtracting the value at 50%. the reference section.5 Therefore.7V to 1. the Fast/Slow time ratio can be set using Positive Positive/negative (Note 2) the voltage applied to the PFD terminal.1×Ct×Rt…… (1) ● Self-excitation constant-current chopping by external C/R The recommended range of constant Ct/Rt is as follows: ● Slow Decay.2V. The control current Io can be calculated as follows: nection but 3-phase excitation when it is in a delta connection. the internal V PFD …… tOFFf ≅−R T×CT ×ln ( ) (2) counter increments both at the rising and falling edges.) ● Step switching timing by clock signal input ● Forward/reverse. The Fast Decay time is then determined by the RC discharge The value of 100% control current is calculated at the time from the RC voltage (about 1. set T OFF to a value where the chopping frequency be- FET array used comes about 30 to 40kHz. Output remains disabled as long as the The SI-7600/SI-7600D is a control IC used with a power MOS Reset terminal level is high. hold.5V) to the PFD input voltage V REF/(5×Rs) terminal because a 1/5 buffer is built into (VPFD) when chopping is turned from ON to OFF. or Edge when the clock level is low. The calculated values Reset Internal logic reset are summarized below. the point of switching from Fast Decay to Slow Decay is determined by the RC terminal voltage that determines Select CW/CCW. Outline counter is reset. 100% for 3-phase The constant Ct/Rt is calculated by the formula excitation) TOFF≅1. 4. Fast Decay → SOP…SI-7600. 1. Determining the control current The full step is 2-phase excitation when this IC is in a star con. Fast Decay. The mode can be set to Slow Decay. Enable (Note 3) output disable In this mode. phase excitation) when the Mode terminal level is high.

5V (This loss is not related to the current control method.3-Phase Stepper Motor Driver ICs (Star Connection/Delta Connection) SI-7600/SI-7600D Relationship between RC terminal voltage and output current ● Power loss of Nch MOS FETs Ton Toff The power loss of Nch MOS FETs is caused by the ON resis- ITrip tance or by the chopping-OFF regenerative current flowing IOUT through the body diodes. tOFFf: Fast Decay time at OFF) able losses. Method of Calculating Power Loss of Output a) 2-phase excitation (T=TON+T OFF) MOS FET PN=(N1+N2×T OFF/T)× (1/3) The SI-7600 uses a MOS-FET array for output. use the maximum values of the MOS FET speci. TOFF: OFF time. 10 Power dissipation P 0× ● Power loss of Pch MOS FETs 10 10 0× The power loss of Pch MOS FETs is caused by the ON resis- 2m m tance and by the chopping-OFF regenerative current flowing Al he through the body diodes in Fast Decay mode. heat from the MOS FET array should actually be If the SLA5017 is used in an output section. tOFFf Select a heatsink by considering the calculated losses. P=3×PP+3×PN parameters are needed: The allowable losses of SLA5017 are (1) Control current Io (max) Without heatsink: 5W θj-a=25°C/W (2) Excitation method Infinite heatsink: 35W θj-c=3. PN=(N1+N2×T OFF/T)×(1/4)+(0.5N1+N2×TOFF/T)×(1/12) This is an approximate value that does not reflect parameter ●Determining power loss and heatsink when SLA5017 is variations or other factors during use in the actual application. at 5 Wit sin (In Slow Decay mode.57°C/W (3) Chopping ON-OFF time at current control: TON. The power loss b) 2-3 phase excitation (T=TON+TOFF) of this MOS FET array can be calculated as summarized below. allow- (TON: ON time. b) 2-3 phase excitation (T=TON +TOFF) The calculated loss is an approximate value and therefore con- PP= (P1×T ON/T+P2×tOFFf/T)×(1/4)+(0.5×P1×T ON/T+P2×tOFFf/ tains a degree of error. the following In other words. the chopping-OFF regenerative current hou k t he does not flow the body diodes. 1. VPFD Mixed. or Fast Decay. Slow. the loss Pp per MOS FET is calculated depending on the actual excitation method as follows: a) 2-phase excitation (T=T ON +TOFF) When selecting a heatsink for SLA5017. T OFF. the loss PN per MOS FET is calculated depending on the actual excitation method as follows: 6. be sure to check the PP= (P1×TON/T+P2×tOFFf/T)× (1/3) product temperature when in use in an actual applicaiton.) ats ink The losses are ON resistance loss P1: P1=I M2×RDS (ON) 0 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 Body diode loss P2: P2=I M×V SD Ambient temperature Ta (°C) With these parameters.) VRC The losses are 0. 15 fications.5V ON resistance loss N1: N1=IM2×RDS(ON) Fast Slow Decay Body diode loss N2: N2=IM×VSD Decay With these parameters. To calculate the power loss of the MOS FET array. T)×(1/12) Select a heatsink so that the surface Al fin temperature of SLA5017 will not exceed 100°C under the worst conditions. and following ratings: (4) ON resistance of MOS FET: RDS (ON) (5) Forward voltage of MOS FET body diode: VSD (W) For (4) and (5). a Pch MOS FET and an Nch MOS FET should be multiplied by ● Parameters for calculating power loss three and added to determine the total loss P of SLA5017. (3) should be confirmed on the actual application. the power losses of measured. SI-7600/SI-7600D 101 . used Therefore.

I/O Timing Chart 2-phase excitation 2-3 phase excitation Positive edge Positive edge Positive/negative edge CCW CW CK Reset Full/Half EDGE CW/CCW Ena OHA OHB OHC OLA OLB OLC 2-3 phase excitation Positive edge Positive/negative edge Disable CW CCW CK Reset Full/Half ED CW/CCW Ena OHA OHB OHC OLA OLB OLC 102 SI-7600/SI-7600D . 3-Phase Stepper Motor Driver ICs (Star Connection/Delta Connection) SI-7600/SI-7600D 7.

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