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DESIGN for HEALTHY IMMIGRANT communities

URBAN DESIGN STUDIO ///

ARCH UD-60703
spring 2011

proximity to parks and green spaces. immigrant women are about 10 percentage points less of health likely to be overweight than natives at entry. students will be involved in the process factors of creating new knowledge. In this hereditary research studio. environmental determinants of health (Fig. which offer safe opportunites for physical activity. The determinants For example. Although a growing body of research is building the link between health outcomes and the built environment. social interaction. Ewing. particularly those associated with obesity. but over time. active lifestyles. The goal of this research effort is to identify ways that communities can be designed to promote healthy. residence (Antecol. stress relief and recreation alongside easy access to jobs. 2006). 2006). The Healthy Immigrant Effect is a generally accepted phenomenon where recent immigrants are found to be healthier than native-born counterparts. Walkability.S. Dr. needs and desires of immigrant communities. ultimately fostering healthy. 2007). Public Health Agency for Northern Ireland Many immigrants originate from regions of the world where lifestyle-associated behaviours contributing to chronic diseases. which will follow a defined research methodology. and work towards the goal of better understanding to what extent the needs of the focus communities are unmet. schools and essential services contribute greatly to all aspects of our health and wellbeing. Chief Executive. Positive environments. and they close 90% of the gap within 10 years of U. inactivity and diet. generalized urban design strategies for improving PEOPLE resident health may not recognize culturally specific Age. this Fig. active lifestyles and improve public health outcomes. The studio will use urban design strategies to analyze urban immigrant communities and develop new ways of adapting these communities to reflect the cultural preferences and practices of various immigrant groups. are less prevalent than those observed in the developed world. . OVERVIEW This studio makes a connection between two research topics. Dr. access to public transportation and perception of safety are all characteristics of the built environment that have been linked to increased physical activity and health (McCann. 1) and the phenomenon referred to as the Healthy Immigrant Effect. 2000)(Gushulak. sex. Brian Gushulak. Migration Health Consultants Inc. Eddie Rooney. 2003)(Loukaitou-Sideris. Design proposals will then be developed to address these environmental deficiencies.. The built environment shapes virtually all aspects of health and wellbeing through its impact on our everyday lives and the choices we can make. 1 health advantage dissipates (Oxman-Martinez et al.

This is an area where Bhutanese-Nepali refugees are concentrated. and how the physical environment of their current neighborhoods could be adapted to encourage active living. The contrasting urban conditions of the two sites provide useful contexts for developing varied health-related design strategies benefitting immigrant ethnic groups and the surrounding communities. The second geographic area is a site of new Asian immigrant settlement between W.METHOD The studio will engage in 4 primary activities: 1. but annotated bibliographies of the documents must be written 2. Improving health outcomes for immigrants will ideally lead to increased immigrant populations and the revitalization of city neighborhoods. of Filipino. what they engage in now. Assemblage of base maps and GIS data will also occur simultaneously. which have experienced significant population decline over the last 50 years. The third is a series of surveys and focus groups with key constituents of the Chinese and Bhutanese-Nepali immigrant and refugee populations living in the two target neighborhoods. The first activity is conducting a literature review of relevant research on the topics of environmental determinants of health. Hindu YUVA and Asian Services in Action. 30th and E. Korean and Vietnamese. 80 percent are Chinese and the others are a mix. The second activity is a baseline environmental assessment of the target geographic areas using a data collection tool for environment features linked to physical activity. Among the foreign-born Asians in this area. . 50th Streets along Superior Avenue. (Will be conducted in groups) 4. (Will be conducted in groups) 3. The focus groups will discuss the physical character of immigrants’ native communities. The Irvine-Minnesota Inventory to Measure Built Environments will be used block by block to measure the physical environment’s capacity for active living. Findings from this research will lead to more culturally resonant strategies for putting vacant land to productive purposes such as active recreation spaces. implications for URBAN DESIGN Immigration is a key issue in older industrial cities like Cleveland. the types of physical activities they engaged in prior to migration. appropriate residential housing typologies. Issues surrounding the built form of the neighborhoods will also be addressed such as. primarily. mitigation of the harsh Cleveland weather and new approaches to expressing cultural identity through built form. An abundance of vacant land is the most visible by-product of Cleveland’s population loss. The first is Asia Town: a 40 block area between E. Some preliminary reference material has been collected. 140th and W. urban agriculture and neighborhood greening. (Will be conducted individually) Target Communities Based on extensive conversations with organizations serving ethnic communities in Cleveland including The Refugee Response. immigrant communities and research methodology related to the design process. 150th Streets along Lorain Avenue in the West Park neighborhood. The fourth is development of design proposals for the two different geographic areas based on analysis of the environmental assessment and feedback from the focus groups. two geographic target areas were selected for this study.

particularly within interdisciplinary context FORMAT The Studio will meet on Mondays and Fridays from 1:10 . underutilized infrastructure and social fragmentation Expand understanding of research methodology. will be regularly scheduled for the first hour of class on Mondays. analytical approach to multivalent urban systems.edu Gauri Torgalkar : gtorgal1@kent. and recognition of the social impact of design decisions Cultivate creative responses to issues affecting depopulating cities.edu . (Only one unexcused absence will be permitted. Attendance is required during entire designated studio hours. unless noted otherwise. Our offices and your studios are only a few steps apart. multi-modal accomodation.edu Terry Schwarz : tschwarz@kent. note problems. so please feel welcome to see any staff member for questions.OBJECTIVES Develop a rich understanding of the relationship between the built environment & health Strengthen a grounding in core urban design principals: human scale design. Design is an iterative process: initial design. such as vacant properties. Subsequent unexcused absences will affect final grade. The drawing course.6:00pm. Fail early and fail often to succeed sooner. but the entire CUDC core staff will be involved in teaching throughout the semester. critique. and repeat. taught by Gauri Torgalkar. During interim reviews and final reviews.5:15pm and on Wednesdays from 3:00 . + Presentation quality.) + Continuous progress throughout the duration of the Studio project. students are expected to communicate their projects effectively through appropriate media and engage in thoughtful dialogue with jurors. David Jurca : djurca@kent. refine design. grading + Expectations Grades will be based on the following criteria: + Attendance. concerns or to borrow a useful book. instructors The lead instructor for this studio will be David Jurca. sensitivity to neighborhood context. Students are expected to anticipate failed designs and work hard to create new solutions.

Collaborative community garden . presentations [drawing class] WEEK 2 Monday Jan 17 MLK : No Class Wednesday Jan 19 Reading assignments due / Hindu YUVA presentation Friday Jan 21 Begin site assessment + mapping [drawing class] WEEK 3 Monday Jan 24 [drawing class] Desk crits (Begin interviews?) Wednesday Jan 26 Desk crits Friday Jan 28 Pin-up neighborhood mapping assignment WEEK 4 Monday Jan 31 [drawing class] Begin design development Wednesday Feb 02 Desk crits Friday Feb 04 Desk crits WEEK 5 Monday Feb 07 [drawing class] Desk crits Wednesday Feb 09 Desk crits Friday Feb 11 Desk crits WEEK 6 Monday Feb 14 [drawing class] Desk crits Wednesday Feb 16 Desk crits Friday Feb 18 Midterm Review WEEK 7 Monday Feb 21 [drawing class] Desk crits photo credit: refugeeresponse.A.i.SCHEDULE WEEK 1 Monday Jan 10 Studio introduction + assign readings Wednesday Jan 12 Site visits Friday Jan 14 Reseach and A.S.org/ Wednesday Feb 23 Desk crits Friday Feb 25 Desk crits WEEK 8 Monday Feb 28 [drawing class] Desk crits Wednesday Mar 02 Desk crits Friday Mar 04 Desk crits WEEK 9 Monday Mar 07 [drawing class] Desk crits Wednesday Mar 09 Desk crits Friday Mar 11 Desk crits WEEK 10 Monday Mar 14 Desk crits Wednesday Mar 16 Desk crits Friday Mar 18 Final Jury Tai Chi in NYC photo credit: Hester St.

ASIA TOWN Street map of target geographic area .

WEST PARK Street map of target geographic area .

cpha. 294-315. Jeffery Hou. Measuring the Health Effects of Sprawl: A National Analysis of Physical Activity.pdf Gushulak. Ewing R.smartgrowthamerica. NY: Routledge Press. eds. Bio information board at The Ohio City Farm Diabetes prevention class photo credit: Asian Services in Action focusing on group excercise . http://www.cmaj. CMAJ 2007. p 21-35.ca/cgi/content/full/176/10/1439 Oxman-Martinez J.org/pr/product. or for something entirely different. “Designing for Active Living Among Children” http://www. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.ca Wolf.rwjf. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Birch and Susan M. September 2003. New York. Ed. and Values” in Growing Greener Cities: Urban Sustainability in the Twenty-First Century. Canadian Journal of Public Health. pp.com This site is dedicated to the thought that something as simple as fun is the easiest way to change people’s behaviour for the better. Wachter.03. http://www. Immigration.176(10)1439-1440.” Insurgent Public Space: Guerrilla Urbanism and the Remaking of Contemporary Cities.READINGS + Resources Several readings and resources will be posted on the Blackboard Vista site for this studio course.. 2010. 2008. Kathleen L. “Metro Nature: Its Functions. Be it for yourself.TheFunTheory. Smart Growth America. B. The recommended reading list includes: Chen. Caroline.org/report/HealthSprawl8. Surface Transportation Policy Project. “Dancing in the Streets of Beijing. et al. Obesity. Benefits. www. Healthier On Arrival? Further Insight Into The “Healthy Immigrant Effect”. Sep/Oct 2000. 5. 91.jsp?id=23455 McCann BA. Women and Health in Canada. for the environment. Eugenie L. and Chronic Disease. http://journal. the only thing that matters is that it’s change for the better.