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What is the Difference between Adjectives

and Adverbs?

The Basic Rules: Adjectives

Adjectives modify nouns. To modify means to change in some way. For example:

• "I ate a meal." Meal is a noun. We don't know what kind of meal; all we know is that someone ate a

• "I ate an enormous lunch." Lunch is a noun, and enormous is an adjective that modifies it. It tells

us what kind of meal the person ate.

Adjectives usually answer one of a few different questions: "What kind?" or "Which?" or "How many?" For


• "The tall girl is riding a new bike." Tall tells us which girl we're talking about. New tells us what kind

of bike we're talking about.
• "The tough professor gave us the final exam." Tough tells us what kind of professor we're talking

about. Final tells us which exam we're talking about.
• "Fifteen students passed the midterm exam; twelve students passed the final exam." Fifteen and

twelve both tell us how many students; midterm and final both tell us which exam.

So, generally speaking, adjectives answer the following questions:

• Which?

• What kind of?

• How many?

The Basic Rules: Adverbs

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. (You can recognize adverbs easily because many of

them are formed by adding -ly to an adjective, though that is not always the case.) The most common question

that adverbs answer is how.

So. and why. (Remember that "is" is a form of the verb "be. where. However. but it comes after the verb. Adverbs also modify adjectives and other adverbs. • "It was a terribly hot afternoon. adjectives come before nouns. • "She sang beautifully. • "That woman is extremely nice.) Some other rules: Most of the time." Black is an adjective that modifies the noun dog." Sad is an adjective that modifies the noun Brian. most often when the verb is a form of the following: • be • feel • taste • smell • sound • look • appear • seem Some examples: • "The dog is black. they come after the nouns they modify. It tells us how the cellist played. Extremely is an adverb that modifies nice." Nice is an adjective that modifies the noun woman. It tells us how she sang.Let's look at verbs first. . it tells us how nice she is. • "The milk smells rotten. (They can also answer the questions when. • "The speaker sounds hoarse." Beautifully is an adverb that modifies sang." Hoarse is an adjective that modifies the noun speaker. How nice is she? She's extremely nice. How hot is it? Terribly hot.") • "Brian seems sad." Rotten is an adjective that modifies the noun milk. • "The cellist played carelessly." Hot is an adjective that modifies the noun afternoon." Carelessly is an adverb that modifies played. generally speaking. adverbs answer the question how. Terribly is an adverb that modifies the adjective hot.

" Here. Examples: French. new. tells you how big or small something is. according to type.Be sure to understand the differences between the following two examples: "The dog smells carefully." When you use more than one adjective. lunar. it is common to use more than one adjective before a noun . clean describes the dog itself. Examples: wooden. Fuente: www. pink. it's that he's had a bath and does not stink. We imagine him sniffing very cautiously.. paper Purpose A purpose adjective describes what something is used for. cotton. It's not that he's smelling clean things or something. carefully describes how the dog is smelling. metal. Greek Material A material adjective describes what something is made from. Examples: sleeping (as in "sleeping bag"). difficult Size A size adjective. beautiful." Here. rectangular Colour A colour adjective. grey Origin An origin adjective describes where something comes from." or "she's a smart. young. reddish. round. you have to put them in the right order. Examples: large. But: "The dog smells clean. This page will explain the different types of adjectives and the correct order for them. These adjectives often end with "-ing". eastern. Examples: blue. flat. energetic woman. of course.. Examples: square. Examples: little Age An age adjective tells you how young or old something or someone is.for example. describes the colour of something. roasting (as in "roasting tin") . horrible. old Shape A shape adjective describes the shape of something.htm In English.learn4good. Adjectives: how to put them in the right order Si siempre te habías preguntado en qué orden van los adjetivos en inglés. "He's a silly young fool. Examples: ancient. enormous. American. tiny. Opinion An opinion adjective explains what you think about something (other people may not agree with you). of course.

straight – derecho 35.scattered – disperso 73.small – pequeño 18.tiny – diminuto Shape / Forma: 20.delicious – delicioso 48.gigantic – gigantesco 7.short – corto Size / Tamaño: 1.skinny – flaco 32.large – grande 11.stale – rancio / pasado 56.juicy – jugoso 50.filthy – sucio 64.little – chico / pequeño 12.flat – plano 26.great – gran 8.round – redondo 31.ripe – maduro 51. sour – acido – filoso 74.colossal – colosal 4.smooth – suave 77.thirsty – sediento 62.massive – massivo 14. tasty – sabroso 61.miniature – muy pequeño 15.crooked – chueco / torcido 23.steep – inclinado 34.square – cuadrado 33.long – largo 13.sticky – pegajoso 57. strong – fuerte 58.fat – gordo – caliente 66.bitter – amargo 47.loose – flojo / suelto 68.tasteless – sin sabor 60.fresh – fresco 49.rough – áspero 72.petite – chico 16.tall – alto 19.immense – inmenso 10.hollow – hueco 28. hard – duro 65.wide – ancho Taste – Touch / Sabor – Tacto 46.slippery – resbaloso 76.average – promedio 2.inglestotal.melted – derretido 69.low – bajo 29.curved – curvo 24.rainy – lluvioso 71.plastic – plástico 70.big – grande 3.spicy – picante 55.icy – helado 67.broad – amplio 21.rotten – podrido / putrefacto 52. .silky – sedoso 75.greasy – grasoso 63.sweet – dulce 59. salty – salado 53.high – alto 27.huge – enorme 9.soft – suave 78.deep – profundo 25.Some examples of adjective order Opinion Size Age Shape Colour Origin Material Purpose A Silly young English man A huge round metal bowl A small red sleeping bag Categoría: Adjectives and Adverbs LIST OF COMMON ADJECTIVES Fuente: http://www.giant – gigante 6.narrow – estrecho 30.chubby – rechoncho / gordito 22.

tired – cansado 127.solid – solido 79.wooden – de madera Feelings (Bad) / Sentimientos (malos) 87.brave – valiente 132.dangerous – peligroso 99.wet – mojado 86.frantic – frenético 109.lovely – amoroso 160.comfortable – cómodo 136.awful – terrible 94.anxious – ansioso 91.disturbed – perturbado 103.homeless – sin hogar 113.splendid – espléndido 167.sticky – pegajoso 81.bored – aburrido 96.obedient – obediente 162.upset – molesto 129.glorious – glorioso 153.grieving – afligido 111.excited – emocionado 144.pleasant – agradable 164.mysterious – misterioso 119.energetic – energético 142.vivacious – vivaz 170.evil – malo / malvado 106.envious – envidioso 105. courageous – valeroso 138.troubled – preocupado 128.naughty – travieso / malcriado 120.defiant – desafiante 101.frightened – asustado 110.healthy – saludable 155.afraid – asustado 88.fierce – feroz 107.witty – ingenioso 171.cooperative – cooperativo 137.repulsive – repulsivo 122.zealous – entusiasta . eager – impaciente 140.depressed – deprimido 102.foolish – tonto / absurdo 108.tight – ajustado 83.ashamed – avergonzado 93.gentle – gentil 152.silly – tonto 166.wonderful – maravilloso 172.charming – encantador 134.tender – tierno / suave 82.loyal – fiel 147.uneven – desnivelado 84.helpful – util 156.defeated – derrotado 100.calm – calmado 133.perfect – perfecto 163.hilarious – hilarante 157.helpless – desamparado 112.enthusiastic – entusiasta 143.confused – confundido / confuso 97.worried – preocupado Feelings (good) / Sentimientos (buenos) 131.happy – feliz 154.fantastic – fantástico 148.bad – malo 95. lonely – solo 118.determined – resuelto 139.arrogant – arrogante 92.steady – firme 80.tense – tenso 125.fair – justo 146.jealous – celoso 117.funny – gracioso 151.kind – bueno / gentil 159.weary – cansado 130. elated – exaltado 141. ill – enfermo 116.angry – enojado 89.jolly – muy feliz 158.nervous – nervioso 121.weak – debil 85.successful – exitoso 168.embarrassed – tener vergüenza 104.cruel – cruel 98.friendly – amigable 150.hurt – herido 115.exuberant – exuberante 145.selfish – egoista 123.sore – inflamado / adolorido 124.cheerful – alegre 135.terrible – terible 126.lucky – afortunado 161.fine – bien 149.hungry – hambriento 114.annoyed – molesto / estar harto 90. victorious – victorioso 169.proud – orgulloso 165.

He acted excellently. . ANSWERS 1. The dog is angry. He works .EXERCISE 1 Write down the correct form of the word in brackets (adjective or adverb). 6. why does dog food smell so terrible ? 9. 7. They think English is an language. I tasted the soup (careful) but it tasted (wonderful) . 10. The cold wind is awful . Sue is a (careful) girl. The little boy looked sad. The cold wind is . 5. I went over to comfort him and he looked at me sadly . 1. They learn English easily. Tom is slow. 8. It's (awful) cold today. They think English is an easy language. 6. It's awfully cold today. Max is a good singer. The little boy looked (sad) . 5. Tom is (slow) . why does dog food smell so (terrible) ? 9. It barks . He sings . Max is a (good) singer. He acted (excellent) . I tasted the soup carefully but it tasted wonderful . They learn English (easy) . He's an actor. I went over to comfort him and he looked at me . Sue is a careful girl. 4. 3. If that is true. 8. 4. 7. She climbed up the ladder carefully . 2. He sings well . The dog is (angry) . 10. He works slowly . If that is true. Dogs rely on their noses as they can smell extremely well. He's an excellent actor. Dogs rely on their noses as they can smell (extreme / good) . She climbed up the ladder . 2. It barks angrily . 3.

8) He is a careful driver.EXERCISE 2 Fill in the words in brackets as adjective or adverb like in the example. 5) You can easily open this tin. (loud) ANSWERS 1) He quickly reads a book. 1) He reads a book. (easy) 6) It's a day today. (pretty) 3) The class is loud today. 4) Max is a good singer. 6) It's a terrible day today. (good) 8) He is a driver. 10) The dog barks loudly. . (good) 5) You can open this tin. 9) He drives the car carefully. (quick) 2) Mandy is a girl. (careful) 10) The dog barks . 3) The class is terribly loud today. (terrible) 4) Max is a singer. Answer: Peter works slowly. Example: Peter works ______ (slow). (terrible) 7) She sings the song . (careful) 9) He drives the car . 7) She sings the song well. 2) Mandy is a pretty girl.