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Running head: JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM SHOULD FOCUS ON 1

Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation

University of Phoenix

The juvenile justice system should focus on rehabilitation because while punishment may be unpleasant we need to focus on mental health assessment and services for youth (modelsforchange. it is meant to be unpleasant. The identifying of these problems can help family members understand and also better help the juvenile.d.d. Punishment is a consequence of doing something that is unacceptable. . in order to answer this questions one must understand what each means. why one is better or more effective than the other.d.). n.d. emotional or ongoing problems caused by trauma the youth can receive follow-up testing or immediate assistance. Juvenile Justice System Should Focus on Rehabilitation Rehabilitation over Punishment.). If we do not focus on rehabilitation we are depriving both society and the offenders of their full potential (the league of young voters. Law enforcement and rehabilitation meet in programs such as DARE where police officers go to schools and help educate the youth on the dangers of drug use and gang involvement. n.). In the last two years 95% of the juveniles that went to the rehabilitation program and screening of YOS avoided re-arrest (modelsforchange.). Youth Outreach Services (YOS) focuses on mental health assessment and services for youths because upon identifying mental. the problem with punishment is it does nothing to address the social or mental processes that maybe contributing to delinquency. n. nor does it address why an individual commits the unacceptable act(assosiated content. While police officers are there to protect and keep the peace they are not always trained to be able to communicate with the youth on a level that the youth can respond too. n. Most youth who are only punished reoffend because the reason for the initial offence was never addressed.

and juvenile rehabilitation authority versus prison (Clallam County Courts-Juvenile Court. probation is a direct court order where the offender is ordered to remain under community supervision. Juveniles on probation can be placed in a wide variety of community-based treatment programs providing services that ranging from group counseling to drug treatment. gangs and violence they will be taken to prison. the juvenile who is on probation is retained in the community under the supervision of an officer of the court. emphasizing treatment without the need incarceration.Sometimes the police and used to scare teens straight and let them know that if the follow the path of drugs. Community treatment is based on the principal idea that the . found delinquent versus convicted/found guilty. juvenile court judges can select programs that will improve life skills and help youths form an affirmative bond with society (. When making disposition decisions. designed to promote rehabilitation of youth. 2005). some of the differences are respondent for juveniles versus defendant for adults. Probation is the principal form of community treatment used by the juvenile justice system. The Juvenile Justice System also uses deferent terms than the Adult Criminal Justice System. whether to waive them to the adult court or keep them in the juvenile justice system. n. adjudication hearing versus trial. Juvenile rehabilitation and the court process. the independent juvenile court is a specialized court for children.). detention versus jail. such as whether to detain youths or release them to the community. Many serious decisions are made before the juvenile trial begins. While on probation a set of rules and conditions must be met for the offender to remain in the community. Delinquent Act/Offense for juveniles versus crime for adults. Probation and Juvenile Rehabilitation.d. disposition versus sentencing. as well as the decision to treat them in the community or send them to a secure treatment center.

and employment services. Those employed in the juvenile justice system use intervention as a key . vocational. It also provides offenders with the chance to be supervised by trained personnel who can help them rebuild forms of suitable behavior in a community setting. which seek to rehabilitate youth through the use of rough physical training. When rules are broken. protection. as does boot camps. Institutionalizing young offenders can do more harm than good because it exposes the juveniles to prisonlike conditions and to more experienced delinquents without the assistance of constructive treatment programs. Community treatment refers to efforts to provide care. There are several types of facilities in juvenile corrections.juvenile offender is not a danger to the community and will have a better chance of being rehabilitated while in the community. training schools or reformatories for youths that are in need of a long-term secure setting. The most widely used community treatment method is probation while on probation behavior is monitored by probation officers. Effective intervention plays a vital role in any plan intended to reduce the rates of juvenile delinquency. such as reception centers that screen juveniles in order to assign them to an appropriate facility. such as drug treatment. Many believe that the most effective secure-corrections programs provided individualized services for a small number of partakers and offer creative approaches to treating the offender. The main purpose is to provide a nonrestrictive or home setting. Community treatment covers efforts to keep offenders in the community and spare them the disgrace of incarceration. Choosing the proper facility can be a very difficult decision. ranch or forestry camps also provide long-term residential care. youths can have their probation revoked. counseling. employing educational. there are also specialized facilities that can provided specific types of care. and treatment for juveniles in need.

violent. Crimes such as rape of other juveniles. are the most successful. are more likely to recidivate while at the age for peak offending. individual counseling. the inclination to re-offend. Reoffending effect sizes for the various treatment types were most reliably positive for interpersonal skills interventions and teaching family homes (Office of Justice Programs. . Interpersonal skills that use drama and the production of videos. This is mainly true for the treatment of serious.module of dispositional sanctions imposed in juvenile cases. Deterrence is believed to be the best approach to punishment. and murders are being committed by perpetrators as young as 13. and chronic juvenile offenders/serious offenders who have the probability for long and destructive criminal careers and who without effective interventions. The most effective intervention programs for noninstitutionalized offenders concentrated on. with the defiant attitude that the law and its representatives couldn't touch them. aggravated assault on elderly and helpless victims. because the belief is that if the offender is incarcerated the ability to commit more crimes is erased. 2000). with offenders progressing from non-violent crimes to violent ones. The opposition to rehabilitation is that we must advocate justice and equality under the law regardless of age. Juvenile offender under with long criminal records which result in small if any punishments can develop a false sense of operating above the law. Methvin (1997) confirms that failure to punish juvenile offenders’ severely upon the act of their first is a primary factor in determining whether a youth would become a habitual offender. reality therapy counseling. a ten day course focusing on a personal or community commitment and behavior programs focusing on behavior therapy. Those who are in favor of punishment versus rehabilitation believe it is the failure of the system by not adequately and consistently punishing offenders which lies at the heart of the constant rise in juvenile crime. and juvenile sexual offenders were treated with multisystemic therapy.

The current juvenile justice system is failing.9 billion this has grown to $144 (American Civil Liberties Union. incarceration of a juvenile for one year is cost $35. 1996). Incarceration brings the non- violent offender in contact with violent and adult criminals at a influential time in their life.000.). Both California and Florida spend more on corrections then on higher education. Juvenile courts were designed to be flexible. Without rehabilitation we are producing more and repeat offenders while depriving society and offenders of their full potential. per year while the annual tuition of attending Harvard is under $30. Rapists and murderers are hardly punished and allowed back into the community to repeat their crimes on the unsuspecting.000 per student.d. Crime prevention programs can prevent approximately 250 crimes per $1 million versus investing the same amount in prisons only preventing 60 crimes.$64. These views are not as valid as rehabilitation because crime prevention programs work and are more cost effective. informal and to rehabilitate. This solution did not stop the crime wave but made more troubled juveniles and career criminals. With proper rehabilitation former offenders and the community benefit. n.000 . state and federal budget to maintain the prison population in 1990 was $24. Local. The advantages to rehabilitation is that better rehabilitation and re-entry care can reduce time spent incarcerated and allows for better adjustment to the outside world and reduce cost. The public now also feel that incarcerating youths without rehabilitation is the same as giving up on our children and when given the choice the public would rather put the money into rehabilitation rather than incarceration. providing them with training to becoming a more dangerous criminal. with the surge in crimes of the 1990’s and the need for a quick fix to the problem incarceration became the solution. We need to encourage rehabilitation rather than continue to put more money into a broken and failed prison system (the league of young voters. This .

The law alone cannot deter.creates an atmosphere of violence and leads to loss of hope in children. Life needs to seen as holding promise and that the ability for success is attainable in order to give juveniles a goal that can be achieved. . nor rehabilitation successfully.

pdf assosiated content.). www. AND SENTENCING.associatedcontent. (n. (1996). 306-336). References (2005).htm Office of Justice Programs.ncjrs. T R I A L . (n. (n.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/181201. http://theleague.aclu.d. (n.html?cat=17 modelsforchange.com/article/2028780/rehabilitation_and_the_juvenile_justi ce_pg5.com/issues/juvenile-justice .).d.modelforchange. http://www.d.clallam.net/newsroom/167 the league of young voters. http://www.net/courts/html/court_juvenile. www. http://www. (2000). JUVENILE COURT P R O C E S S : P R E T R I A L .org/print/racial-justice/aclu-fact-sheet- juvenile-justice-syst Clallam County Courts-Juvenile Court.d. Retrieved from cjs240_week5_reading American Civil Liberties Union.). In Juvenile Delinquency: The Core (pp.).