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Presented by
Nermin Mohamed Sabry

Class 4A

Presented to
Mr. Ashraf Flamon

STATES OF MATTERc c `         .

           .

.

.

           .

         .

       .

      !      .

"   !     ë     O     ë O.

  #       diatomic!     .

$        solid. or a gas. a liquid.

"   phase .

%    !     .

 Solid   solid phase                     .

 `               .

 Liquid liquid phase   !&  .

`  ! &   !      .

         .

$       .

 Gas   gas phase        !&.

 `       &        .

 Physical Properties of Each State:c .

PROPERTYc SOLIDc LIQUIDc GASc c c  c c .

.

c  c c .

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c .

.

 c .

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 c   c .

 c .

 c  c .

c .

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c .

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 c  c c c .

c  c  c .

cc  c c  c c  c  c   c .

c c c c c  c .

c c    .

    !   c !&  c m           c m 0   &         m + !c   c m   !c  c m        m *  !--./ !c !        c c c .        m ) !  c  c m *     ! m )!    !  c   c (  c m +   c m     m $   c              c m ` !     c m   &  c m %     ! m  c     m   c       c m . c cc  'c ' 'c m .

uëANGES OF STATES OF MATTERc c Ghat makes something solid. liquid. or gas? G  c c.

c .

cc ccc.

cc c c  c .

c  c cc  c c   c c  c c c c .

c  c .

c  c c c  .

c c  c  c  c c c c  cc c c .

 c .

c c cc c.

cc .

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!c c  cc c c  c c cc c  c.

cc .

 c c  c .

c  .

 c .

c cc c c .

c  c.

c c c c c .

c c c .

c cc .

c c c.

c.

c   .

cc c " #c $ #c %  c c c .

c .

c  #c c c c  c  c .

c c  c  c&c cc  c c  c.

c c.

c ccc   c  c c c c  c .

c c  c .

÷#c $ c c  c .

c .

c  c  c c .

c .

c   c &c  c .

c c  .

c  c c c c .

c c .

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c c c  c .

c  c  c .

c .

c .

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c  c  c c c   c  c c  c ' #c(  cc.

c c.

c .

c c&c c cc c c c c.

cc  c c .

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c cc  c.

c c c (  c c  c c .

 c .

c  c .

c  c  c c  c &c    c  .

c c cc c c c c c .

c c .

c c c  c c.

c )c c .

c c cc c  c .

c c.

c.

 c ccc c  cc c c c c *cc ccc c c cc c c c   cc cc  c" c .

c c .

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c c  ccc+c *.

c c .

c.

c c c  c  c  c c cc cc Solid Basics *  !     1 *               &   .

%         .

 *          ! .

 `  & !   ! & &   &        .

 %        .

  !              !    !                 .

 /  !           .

 *   &  .

     !                        !           .

 %     physical     .

 `                           !  !.

 %     &.

%            !       .

  *          .

 %              .

"             mixture.

 +   &          .

 '       .

 urystals                   .

"       !   .

)           .

%      .

            .

 `        2   .

`   .

`       !   .

 Liquid Basics %   !!    .

 *           .

 3       .

"  1 "    .

 4       .

 /   5!   .

 %     !   .

% 6            .

                   .

           !          .

        !   !          .

%!!   &  .

           gravity.

 %        !        .

 %    .

    !   !   7! 6        .

   Evaporation of Liquids *                      !     .

 %6       evaporation.

   !    !!.

      ! !  .

                        average energy   .

 %     !          .

  c c c c .