2010 Academic Challenge

MATHEMATICS TEST - STATE FINALS
This Test Consists of 40 Questions

Mathematics Test Production Team Kevin Boyer, Illinois State University – Author/Team Leader Linda Wiggins, Illinois State University – Author Sandra Cox, Kaskaskia College – Reviewer Mary Weaver, WYSE – Coordinator of Test Production
GENERAL DIRECTIONS Please read the following instructions carefully. This is a timed test; any instructions from the test supervisor should be followed promptly. The test supervisor will give instructions for filling in any necessary information on the answer sheet. Most Academic Challenge sites will ask you to indicate your answer to each question by marking an oval that corresponds to the correct answer for that question. Only one oval should be marked to answer each question. Multiple ovals will automatically be graded as an incorrect answer.

If you wish to change an answer, erase your first mark completely before marking your new choice. You are advised to use your time effectively and to work as rapidly as you can without losing accuracy. Do not waste your time on questions that seem too difficult for you. Go on to the other questions, and then come back to the difficult ones later if time remains. *** TIME: 40 MINUTES *** DO NOT OPEN TEST BOOKLET UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO!
© 2010 Worldwide Youth in Science and Engineering “WYSE”, “Worldwide Youth in Science and Engineering” and the “WYSE Design” are service marks of and this work is the Copyright © 2010 of the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign. All rights reserved.

Given the rational function R(x) = a) b) c) d) e) x=2 x=2.x=-2 y = 2x y=4 none of the above 2x 3 . runs north and south right through the center of town while the other road. 3. called Newton. Plans have been drawn to start a new road. runs east and west through the center of town. How many faces does this polyhedron have? a) 20 b) 32 c) 36 d) 48 e) 60 3. Apple to Newton. to start two miles east of Cross Roads and will head north. find all oblique asymptotes.83 miles Crisp to Fig. called Apple. 4 miles Newton to Apple. Where the two roads intersect is the place called Cross Roads.4 . called Crisp. called Fig. This shape is used as the model for soccer balls using black pentagons and white hexagons.8x . there are two main roads. 4 miles A truncated icosahedron is a semi-regular polyhedron that has regular pentagons and regular hexagons as faces. These two new roads will intersect at a place called Harmony.WYSE Academic Challenge Mathematics Test (State Finals) . One road. 5 miles Crisp to Fig. In a small town. which route will be quickest to get to Cross Roads and how many miles is this route? Harmony Apple Cross R d Fig a) b) c) d) e) 2. it has become necessary to build two new roads to help the flow of traffic and increase accessibility to Cross Roads.83 miles Apple to Newton. Because this small community has shown rapid growth.2010 1. 3. From Harmony. x2 . one mile north of Cross Roads (intersection) which will head 45 ° east of north and another road.

8. $3575 6. how many 24 packs of soda should they distribute and what revenue will they make? a) b) c) d) e) 425 packs. For these soda companies to make a maximum profit. it has been found that 1. $1925 425 packs. Determine the shortest distance between these two ellipses. $3000 575 packs. v = < -3. Determine the first derivative of the function = A Bx + C R( x ) a) = R '( x ) d) R '( x ) = 1 2 A Bx + C A b) R '( x ) = 1 2 AB Bx + C AB 2 Bx + C c) R '( x ) = A Bx + C 2 Bx + C e) R '( x ) = 5. a) 1 unit b) 2 units c) 3 units d) 4 units e) 5 units 7. Round your answer to the nearest unit. 2. and w = < 1.The suppliers of these soda products are only willing to distribute 200 of these 24 packs at the price of $4. Ellipse A has an area of 135π square units and an eccentricity of 0. Ellipse B has an area of 20π square units and an eccentricity of 0. $2656.100 people are willing to buy the 24 pack of 12 ounce cans for $4. Ellipse A and ellipse B are both centered around the origin and have their major axes on the x-axis. No matter what soda product you choose. 4. If u = < 1.00 each but will distribute 500 of them at a selling price of $7.6.00 each. $4456. Bx + C c) f −1( x ) = A−B Cx Cx d) f −1( x ) = Bx − A a) f −1( x ) = Bx + C Ax Cx e) f −1( x ) = A − BX b) f −1( x ) = Ax − C Bx 2010 State Finals . 2 >.25 575 packs.00.25 650 packs.00 each while only 500 people are willing to buy the same pack for $6. which vectors make an acute angle? a) b) c) d) e) u and v v and w u and w any two vectors none of the above 8. -2.Mathematics – Page 3 4. 1 > are vectors in 3 space. 3 > . Determine the inverse of the function f ( x ) = Ax .

Solve 2e 2 ix = 1 + 4i cos x sin x . The factor necessary to rationalize the numerator of the fraction cube root of a) b) c) d) e) 4a – 36a2 + 6 2a – 3 4a – 6 (2a-3)2 4a – 36a2 16a 2 − 48a + 36 3 2a5 is the 10. find rhombus formed by connecting the foci points and endpoints of the minor axis with line segments. In the diagram below. Only angle ACE Only angle EDC Only angle ECD Angles ACE and CDE Angles ACE and DCE Determine the number of distinct arrangements of all of the letters of the word MISSISSIPPI. a) 34650 b) 69300 c) 1247400 d) 6652800 e) 39916800 2010 State Finals . a) 9 units 2 b) 12 units 2 c) 15 units 2 d) 24 units 2 e) 30 units 2 12. EC = EA. What is the surface area of a cylinder that has a height of 10 inches and a diameter of 10 inches? a) 150π in 2 b) 200π in 2 c) 250π in 2 d) 400π in 2 e) 1000π in 2 11. One possible rearrangement would be “PSIMIISSPSI”. 0 ≤ x ≤ π a) x = 0 b) x = π 6 c) x = π 3 d) x = 2π 3 e) x = π 13.Mathematics – Page 4 3 9. Using the equation of the ellipse 9 x 2 − 90 x + 25 y 2 − 150 y + 225 = the area of the 0 . What other angles are congruent to angle CAE? D E A C a) b) c) d) e) 14. C is the center of the circle.

664.3 o e) 126. which he put in savings. a) b) c) d) e) – siny – cosy sin(x – y) cos(x – y) cos(x + y) 20. −2 ≤ x ≤ 2 . 36° (6x . Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a degree. a) 34 units 3 b) 107 units 3 c) 114 units 3 d) 336 units 3 e) 357 units 3 19 Reduce the expression cosxsin(x – y) – sinxcos(x – y) to a single term.00 $4. Suppose we start with the graph of the function f ( x ) 4 − x 2 .459.200 855.000 962. The half-life of substance A is 30 days.00 17. He put 10% of this money on taxes.0 o c) 54. How much was the original amount of winnings? Round your answer to the nearest cent.039.86 $2. Finally.60 left. For a company. a) 54 days b) 75 days c) 96 days d) 100 days e) 197 days 2010 State Finals .158.456 568. If repetitions are not allowed. and we create = a solid object by spinning this graph around the x-axis.00 $69. Find the value of y in the diagram below.300. He spent 40% of the after-tax money on a car. Round your answer to the nearest cubic unit. he had $831. how long would it take for 90% of it to decay? Round your answer to the nearest day.137.3o 16. b) 56.600 18.424. how many different passwords are possible? a) b) c) d) e) 710.Mathematics – Page 5 15. After all of this. a) b) c) d) e) $1. If we have a sample of substance A.5 o d) 104.188.200.072 1.5 o Chris won a decent sized amount of money.12)° y° (8x / 5)° a) 36. he spent 30% of the remaining money on a vacation. passwords consist of 5 letters followed by a 2-digit number.391.339. Determine the volume of this object.50 $1.

6 miles b) 6.8 gallons of the 2:5 4. and one container that is 2 parts blue to 5 parts white. Determine how much of each type of paint we need to achieve this result. Using paint from these two containers. Let B be the event that the candy is poor.2 miles d) 8.0 gallons of the 1:4 and 5. Round your answers to the nearest tenth of a gallon.3 gallons of the 1:4 and 6. A study was conducted with 200 elementary school students.90 ° d) 45. and provide a brief reason. a) b) c) d) e) 3.4 gallons of the 1:4 and 5.6 gallons of the 2:5 5. Dependent. Round to the nearest hundredth of a degree.06 ° e) 33. she has to look 142 degrees to the left to see the windmill (note that this means they have “passed by” the windmill). the occurrence of one event affects the other Dependent. a) 5. the occurrence of one event affects the other Independent.5 miles c) 7. a) b) c) d) e) 22. If we assume the road is straight.0 gallons of the 2:5 23.0 gallons of the 2:5 4. find the measure of angle BAC. She also notices the car is traveling 65 miles per hour. Fifteen minutes later. we want to end up with 10 gallons of paint that is 1 part blue to 3 parts white. She has to turn her head 32 degrees to the left to see the windmill.32 ° 24. the occurrence of both events happening alone are different Suppose we start with two containers of paint.0 miles 2010 State Finals . Diagram is not drawn to scale.7 gallons of the 2:5 4.Mathematics – Page 6 21.1 miles e) 9. the occurrence of one event does not affect the other Independent. the occurrence of one event does not affect the other.69 ° A person riding in a car sees a windmill off to her left.06 ° c) 63. b) 95. what was the closest the car got to the windmill as it drove by? Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a mile. Poor 18 12 Good 102 68 Peanut Butter M&M Reeses Pieces Let A be the event that the Candy is Peanut Butter M&M’s. one container that is 1 part blue to 4 parts white. Determine if the events A and B are independent or dependent. Using the given information in the triangle below. The information has been recorded in the chart below.0 gallons of the 1:4 and 6. C 50" 22" A 43" B a) 59. Independent.2 gallons of the 1:4 and 5. Data was collected to determine the quality of Reeses Pieces and Peanut Butter M&M’s.

At noon. Jonathan Switcher. At 12:20 PM. from the movie Mannequin. b) 122 ft. for dear life. He swings back and forth like a pendulum waiting for the sign to come to a stop.Mathematics – Page 7 25. Find the equivalent rectangular coordinate for Ax. a) 4% b) 7% c) 10% d) 14% e) 27% 29. a) 12 ° b) 24 ° c) 150 ° d) 156 ° e) 168 ° 27. Find the inverse function g ( x ) . Tracy starts jogging from the south end and heads north as well. g ( x ) 2ln x − = b) g ( x ) = d) (ln 2 + ln x ) 2 − 1 2 1 g ( x ) = ln1 + ln x − 2 g ( x ) ln 2 x − 1 = g ( x ) = ln1 + ln x − 1 Determine the measure of each vertex angle of a regular 15-sided polygon. If a person has taken steroids. he turns around and heads back south. what is the probability that the person did not actually take steroids? Round your answer to the nearest percent. r    . Suppose the ordered pair ( Ax . If a person has not taken steroids. a) 12:26 PM b) 12:30 PM c) 12:37 PM d) 12:43 PM e) 12:46 PM 2010 State Finals . Ay ) of a magnetic field A has polar coordinates of  k sin θ k cos θ − r . latches onto a department store sign when it falls many feet below the top of the store building. and each swing after that is 80% as long as the preceding swing. It is estimated in a group of athletes that 10% of them take steroids. d) 250 ft. Don starts at the south end of a five mile stretch of road and heads north. c) 138. At what time do Don and Tracy meet? Round your answer to the nearest minute. He holds onto the sign that is dangling from a cable.38 ft. and Tracy jogs at 4 mph. how far does Jonathan travel when he comes to a complete stop? a) 62. the test will mistakenly detect steroids 4% of the time. If his first swing is 50 feet long. Let f ( x ) = e 2 x +1 .  −kx x + y2 2 a) kx x2 + y 2 b) c) −ky x + y2 2 d) −ky x2 + y 2 e) ky x2 + y 2 28. Don can bike at 22 mph. a particular test will correctly detect the steroids 98% of the time.5 ft. 2 1 2 a) c) e) 26. e) 300 ft. If a person takes the test and the test detects steroids. When Don reaches the north end. 30.

x − 3x + 2 2 a) 4 3 − x −1 x − 2 4 5 d) + x −1 x − 2 4 5 − x −1 x − 2 6 1 e) + x −1 x − 2 b) c) 4 3 + x −1 x − 2 2010 State Finals . Determine the range of the function f ( x ) = a) f ( x ) ≥ 1 b) f ( x ) ≥ 2 c) f ( x ) ≥ 3 3 − x −1 2− 2− x .01 33. A farmer has Guernsey and Holstein milk producing cows. d) 1 ≤ f ( x ) ≤ 2 e) 1 ≤ f ( x ) ≤ 3 35. π a) x = −0. -2)? 31. It is known that when the Guernsey cows produce milk for 3 days and the Holstein cows produce milk for 2 days . Which one of the following parametric equations would correctly model a line that is perpendicular to the given line and also passes through (6. With the Guernsey cows producing milk for 4 days and the Holstein producing milk for 5 days.58 b) x = −0.Mathematics – Page 8 2 A given line goes through (6. -2) and has a slope of − 3 . = y c) x = t . 3 t −5 2 3 t −2 2 3 3 d) = x t +6. Using a system of equations to solve. = y t −2 2 2 Solve 6cos−1(2 x + 1) =. Please round your answer to two decimal places.25 d) x = −0. = y 32. the total milk production is 1450 gallons. which set up below is the appropriate solution for the system?  G   3 2   1450  a)   =     H   4 5   2400   5 −2    1450  G   7 c)   =7      H   −4 3   2400    7   7  −4 5    1450  G   7 e)   =7      H   3 −2   2400    7   7  G   2 3   1450  b)   =     H   5 4   2400   −4 3    1450  G   7 d)   =7      H   5 −2   2400    7   7 34.07 e) x = 0. y = t + 13 − 2 b) x = t . y = t + 2 e) x = t + 4 .42 c) x = −0. 3 a) x = t + 1. a total of 2400 gallons of milk are produced. Express −x − 3 in partial fraction form.

the bumper cars.Mathematics – Page 9 36. What is the ratio of the volume of the larger sphere to the smaller sphere? All answers are in x:1 format. Brenda. Cherise. and David. Brenda Armstrong and Allen Danforth both liked the ferris wheel. VI. Amy will be twice as old as Bill. Bill. with x rounded to one decimal place. The two people who liked the spinning teacups had first names that begin with the same letter.1:1 b) 2. V. If − 1 ≤ h ≤ 0 . IV. Amy was three times as old as Ted. Ted is currently five years older than Bill.0:1 e) 5. a) 8 years b) 13 years c) 16 years d) 19 years e) No solution 39. the tilt-o-whirl. Alicia’s husband and Cherise both liked the bumper cars. Bill’s wife and Charlie both liked the tilt-o-whirl. Brady.8:1 c) 3. In three years. A sphere is placed snugly inside a cube so that it touches all six sides.2:1 37. and the spinning teacups. The womens’ names are Alicia. b) 2π + 3 c) π − 5 d) − π2 2 −2 e) π2 4 +2 Ten years ago. The mens’ names are Allen. then the best approximation for 4 h 8 16 − h is h 8 h 16 a) 4 − 40. III. Charlie. but each husband liked a different ride than his wife. Each ride was liked by one man and one woman. II. π  Given f ( x ) = x 2 sin x and F ( 0 ) = −3 . b) 4 + h 8 c) h 8 d) − e) 4 − Four married couples recently went to the fair to ride the carnival rides. The last names of the couples are Armstrong. a) 2. How old is Ted currently? Round your answer to the nearest whole year. Collins. I. The rides were the ferris wheel. Everyone’s first name begins with a different letter than either their last name or their spouse’s first name. This cube is placed inside a larger sphere so that all eight of its vertices touch the inside of the sphere. and Danforth.1:1 d) 4. What are the Bradys’ first names? a) b) c) d) e) Charlie and Alicia Charlie and Denita David and Alicia David and Cherise Not enough information given to determine 2010 State Finals . and Denita. find F   2 a) π − 4 38.