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There is one important individual we must indicate, John Locke.

His achievements
aren’t only responsible for important historical documents or revolutions but also for
introducing a new perspective to society, maybe being the first step to a concrete answer for
answers that we cannot answer. John Locke is considered to be widely known as the Father
of Liberalism and England’s most prominent philosopher, who founded the school of
empiricism.

Locke was born in the village of Wrington, Somerset, on August 29, 1632. Locke
was the oldest of three children. His mother died when he was 22 years old. Locke’s father
was a Puritan attorney and clerk to a Justice of the Peace in Wrington. He was very strict
with Locke when he was younger. John was raised mostly in doctrines of political liberty
and was always surrounded by important political figures because of his father’s
occupation.

Locke’s achievements and famous works are innumerous, nevertheless it is


important to highlight and emphasize two of his works, the Inalienable Rights, and his
concept of the “Tabula Rasa”. Both revolutionizing concepts that helped us create one of
the world’s most famous constitutions and helped us understand not only knowledge but
ourselves.

Before we understand Locke’s political theories we must first get a ground on


Locke’s philosophy of Epistemology or the philosophy of knowledge. Locke proposed the
epistemological theory of “Tabula Rasa” or blank slate, which suggests that every human
being was born with their minds completely empty and that people only start learning after
experiences. This goes completely against the philosophical tradition that the very least
were born with some basic rational understanding or a set of desires or intentions also
referred as human nature. Locke believed that there is actually no human nature and that
everyone is the author of our own character. “Ergo” all men are created equal, this is called
Empiricism, which is the position that all human knowledge derives originally from the
senses and there is no such thing as knowledge that perceives observation.
The British philosopher John Locke was especially known for his liberal, anti-
authoritarian theory of the state, his empirical theory of knowledge, his advocacy of
religious toleration, and his theory of personal identity. In his own time, he was famous for
arguing that the divine right of kings is supported neither by scripture nor by the use of
reason. He thought that men, by nature, possess certain rights. He had a tremendous
influence on all future political and philosophical thinking. Hence, we see how one man’s
idea can be the missing key to democracy and equal rights. John Locke was, and will
always be remembered as a pioneer in modern thinking.