Enthanol Myths | Gasoline | Maize

Truth, Freedom, Self-Sufficiency and

Through the 18th,19th, and early 20th centuries, homemade ethanol alcohol was a staple for rural peoples around the world. Most farms had an ethanol crop and still, and depended on ethanol as an excellent solvent, disinfectant, lamp fuel, and 105-octane motor fuel. The first and primary fuel for early internal-combustion engines was ethanol, as it is now in Brazil. Ford’s Model T was a flex-fuel vehicle through 1933, with driver-operated adjustments to accommodate gasoline. Ford produced alcohol-powered cars, trucks, and tractors for export worldwide. When asked why he designed cars to run on alcohol Henry Ford replied, “There are far more farms and stills than gas stations.” “How can we expect the farmers to be our customers if we are not theirs?” South America, New Zealand, and the Philippines used locally brewed ethanol as a clean-burning motor fuel through WWII. Germany had 70,000 potato-growing co-ops for enormously successful ethanol fuel production for cars, trucks, and airplanes through WWII. The early petroleum industry was primarily concerned with manufacturing kerosene for boiler fuel and lamp fuel. The production of kerosene generates a toxic waste of highly volatile components, which chemists learned to reconfigure so it would burn in internal combustion engines. Known as gasoline, this new fuel was an extremely explosive, toxic cocktail composed of hundreds of chemicals including tar, varnish, toluene, benzene, and sulfur, to name a few. Although a dirty and inferior fuel, J.D. Rockefeller saw value in gasoline as an important and growing source of revenue. Its inherent limited supply and private distribution offered huge potential, enabling the control and manipulation of America’s transportation energy. In 1918 Rockefeller “engaged” a small fringe organization called the Women’s Christian Temperance Movement and “lobbied” the U.S. congress to the tune of (depending on which report you read) $1.5 million to $4 million (current value approximately $50 million). Members of the Rockefeller family sat on the boards of several temperance organizations, including the Anti-Saloon League. In 1919 an all-male, liquor-drinking congress passed a constitutional amendment (not just a law) prohibiting the production of all alcohol, for any use. Known as Prohibition, this constitutional amendment effectively banned fuel alcohol, putting hundreds of thousands of Americans out of work, scrapping hundreds of millions of dollars of productive capital equipment, and consolidating vast wealth and power into the hands of the few. Americans were now forced to use gasoline … Mission accomplished!

As part of the post-war Nuremberg Agreements, Germany was forbidden to generate ethanol for fuel. The tanker ships used in the war were now available for importing crude oil and exporting petroleum products to all the “backward” countries still using clean-burning, high-octane, homegrown ethanol. Fast forward to the 1970s and oil shortages. The long-term American solutions were the Alaskan pipeline and expanded drilling in questionable and sensitive areas. Brazil’s solution was to require auto assembly lines to manufacture alcohol-fueled vehicles. Brazilian local economies have revived and are still thriving because of the production of sugarcane-based ethanol and related industries, based on all the enriched co-products of fermentation. Brazil (the world’s fifth largest nation) is completely free of imported oil, and local fuel expenditures are in continuous recirculation, benefiting the local economy. India (the second most populous country in the world) has integrated hundreds of ethanol plants into its agricultural systems, providing transportation fuel and local economic independence. Around the globe, this is a growing trend. Why is this a well-kept secret?

What “Everybody Knows” Is Not True
We are experiencing the best covert propaganda machine that megamoney can buy. Don’t we all know that petroleum is a vital necessity, an integral part of our everyday lives, and that all the alternatives are weak and costly substitutes? More than $1 billion per year is invested in telling the American public what to think about petroleum and its alternatives. Some examples: Myth #1: “It takes more energy to produce alcohol than you get from it.” The Truth Is: For 25 years this subject has been researched and debated in terms of energy returned on energy invested (EROEI), or energy balance. “Sponsored” government studies, and those conducted by “independent researchers,” paint a dismal picture based on gross inaccuracies, erroneous assumptions, and obvious bias. However, studies documenting actual, ongoing alcohol production in Brazil clearly show an energy return of more than eight units of output for every unit of input (positive 800%). Other factors can enhance this positive balance even further, including boilers fired from biomass or harvested methane; permaculture farming with no petrochemical herbicides, pesticides or fertilizers; and local, decentralized production. Oh, and by the way, what is the energy balance of gasoline? When we factor in tanker transportation from the Persian Gulf, it’s … negative 20%!!

Seed oil has over 700 industrial uses besides ethanol production.... hilly terrain..... .3 lbs... 3% The fact is....... arid..... of feed grain produce only 1 lb......Offshore (no land required)....... ..17 lbs of beef—a 17% increase in meat production. 1% Other... Here is a small sample: 3 Cattails: Cattails are currently grown in constructed marshes to inexpensively and effectively treat sewage... .... a superior animal feed that yields 1...Dry..... . .... for a third of the input. and are nutritionally equivalent to soybean meal.............. Buffalo Gourds 900+ gal/acre Castor Beans 320 gal/acre Fodder Beets 1... Little-Known Statistics about U..S.....373 billion acres of agricultural land (which is only 36% of our total land)..Dry.......... . .... mountainous.. agricultural land) of this common...87% High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)... corn chips..........Cold and temperate climates............ .. each used 6..Greater yields with rainfall................... The remaining 9 lbs....... Corn Consumption Animal feed and fuel alcohol........Wetlands or manmade marshlands.. Ethanol yield from cattails grown in sewage can top 10........S..1........ .... etc... level land... . .... requiring extensive antibiotic treatment..... which cattle cannot digest...141 counties in the U.. breakfast cereals....Rotate with corn or soybeans... ... . oil.. ......Temperate crop or arid with irrigation.. 1% Whiskey.... this acreage would yield 23..........S. ............. today. The required 4 .....000 gal/acre Jerusalem Artichokes 550–750 gal/acre Mesquite Pods 340 gal/acre Prickly Pear 450 gal/acre Sugar Beets 770 gal/acre Sweet Sorghum Up to 3.. unirrigated. 1...S. ....... 3% All food products—canned & frozen corn...... If the 3..360 acres (on average) to naturally process all their sewage in cattail marshes and harvest the available ethanol.... ...100lbs.......Dry... this amounts to only 5... .See below.............000 gal/acre..... ..25–40" of rain or irrigation.. For the sake of simplicity......If fully planted and managed... arid.. unirrigated. .. .25% of our nation’s 1....Temperate. Many alternative feedstocks produce more ethanol per acre and can be cultivated in various conditions and climates.....Seeds also provide 150% of the fuel oil needed to process the ethanol.... Starch universally produces “fermentation bloat” in cattle..... Current corn alcohol production yields 200 to 400 annual gallons per acre... lots of water.. More food and less manure! Alternative Feedstocks Corn (yielding ~250 annual gallons per acre of ethanol) requires prime... including on nonagricultural land.. tortillas.. ............ creating small toxic mountains in feedlots..... Unfermented grain is largely composed of starch. ...Planting and distilling 80 million acres (< 6% of U...... of distiller’s mash. protein/acre.... arid.... of beef.. of grain first results in 3.. misc.. well-drained soil......... Fermenting that same 10 lbs. Processing cellulose from leaves and stalks is more involved and increases the ethanol yield of any crop dramatically.....000 annual gallons per acre (starch and cellulose)..........See below.. mountainous... 5% Modified food starch (an industrial product) .. we would generate 200 billion gallons of transportation fuel per year—which amounts to all of our foreseeable requirements of both gasoline and diesel fuel.Desert and drought tolerant.. freeze tolerant...... mountainous..............Fast growing: up to 18" per day.” The Truth Is: The easiest means of producing ethanol is from fermenting crops high in sugar or starch. .. ....000 gal/acre . cultivated on 72 million acres.....Wide variety of soils and climates. . Contrary to popular belief.8 billion gallons of fuel...70 million acres existing in the U........ the conversion rate of corn-based animal feed to food is pitiful: 10 lbs.... ... top-yielding crop would satisfy our annual 200 billion gallons of transportation fuel consumption.Natural sewage treatment..........300 lbs... we will consider here only sugar and starch processing of a given crop...Myth #2: “There is not enough land to grow both food and fuel... providing 5 times the protein of sunflower. are eliminated as manure. ...Seeds are an excellent animal feed source. ...... based on 2–3 crop cycles per year Cattails Up to 10K gal/acre (including cellulose) Kelp Up to 30.

baked goods. Byproducts and co-products: Each of the above feedstocks can generate multiple additional income streams substantially in excess of fuel revenue. nitrogen oxides (NOx).000 gallons per acre each year.” The Truth Is: Gasoline burns at 1. 3. Such a system of kelp nets would support the ocean ecology. and regenerate the existing 20. and employ idled. ethanol is being added to gasoline for the purpose of reducing virtually every class of pollution. Pollution: Currently.acreage represents less than 1% of our total land mass (obviously. local fisherman. and motorcycles in use worldwide. Examples include waste produce. serve as a buffer against hurricanes. DC. The local economies in areas with an ethanol plant are much healthier than those in areas without. the thirst for money and control is still not satisfied. 100% biodegradable. alcohol’s energy efficiency is 40–46%. whey (from cheese or yogurt processing). 5 Mileage: In an engine designed for gasoline.) However. since the capital generated by ethanol production and sales recirculates in the U. with 21 million cars. This is the measure of capacity for performing work.S. fruit juice. 5. alcohol has 80 Btus/ gallon. recirculating wealth for the ongoing benefit of the community. and inclusive study of this subject has been done by the International Center for Technology Assessment in Washington. alcohol burns at 1.35/gallon! As a case in point. clean up toxic oil “spill” residues naturally. leftover pumpkins. sugar. wine grape pulp. cameras. and communications equipment. pollutes the air. The evaporative emissions (escaping vapor when refueling) of straight ethanol are dramatically lower than those of gasoline. fruit stands. Byproducts and co-products provide additional local employment opportunities. By contrast. furnishing all of our fuel needs. 2. and much more. This increased economic activity has turned out to be crucial to the survival of non-corporate farmers. 113-octane ethanol. (Contrast that with $65 million for fences around oil refineries!) Farmer-owned cooperatives now produce much of the alcohol in the U.000 sq. Energy content: Gasoline has 118 Btus/gallon.350° F. alcohol fuel may result in lower mileage. trucks. and is inefficient.. 4. as a government subsidy. Kelp: If only 2. (In comparison. compared to gasoline’s 22%. cattails and sewage don’t require prime farmland). $3 to $6 in sales tax receipts are generated for every dollar of ethanol subsidy. FACT: The most common flexible-fuel vehicle is the ethanol FFV.500 of the many thousands of abandoned oil rigs in the Gulf of Mexico were outfitted with floating kelp nets. with appropriate modifications or an engine designed for ethanol. and in an internal combustion engine heat is an unwanted waste product that must be dissipated through a radiator or other heat exchanger.000° F and is much safer to store. the remaining emissions are immeasurably small. in 2004 the Department of Homeland Security awarded oil refineries $65 million for fences. handle. and the like. Alcohol carries none of the heavy metals and sulfuric acid that gasoline and diesel exhaust do. soda syrup.7 billion to $1. The five primary areas of accounting were: 1. in many cases. candy. restaurants. However. The real travesty is that all this money is continuously sucked out of our communities and out of our country. From 1968 to 2000. The True Cost of Gasoline Even with the unconscionable profits enabled by OPEC pricing. documented. 6 . grocery stores. The most detailed. all of our natural fertilizer needs. nontoxic. and hydrocarbons (HC)—are so great that.6 million. reverse the effects of global warming. Tax subsidization of the oil industry (1998–2005) Government program subsidies Protection costs involved in oil shipments and motor vehicle services Environmental health and social costs of gasoline usage Other important externalities of motor vehicle use These taxpayer costs total $558.S. The ethanol industry gets state and federal subsidies also. When using straight ethanol. British thermal units measure heat-generating capacity. FACT: Since 2007. ethanol subsidies totaled $16. cool surface waters. we could generate 30. only income taxpayers (not corporate giants) have to pay this tab. this can be more than compensated for. Waste: Our nation produces an almost inexhaustible flow of refuse from food and beverage processing plants. Indy race cars have competed on clean-burning. Myth #3: “Ethanol burns hotter. Moreover. the reductions in all three major pollutants—carbon monoxide (CO). Taxpayer subsidies of oil and other nonrenewable resources are massive and hidden in our preferential and manipulated income tax codes. and use. mile dead zone created by runoff petrochemical fertilizers in the Mississippi River. the entire Department of Energy budget for solar energy research was $80 million.69 trillion per year—an additional $8.

We are being seduced into continuing to inflate this bubble. keep borrowing. and infertility rates have all closely followed the rate of exposure to agricultural chemicals in our food and water. keep buying. far more food per acre than the farmer of the most modern Midwestern cornfield. are all respected and participate in an elegant. and exploit others for the purpose of free labor. let’s collaborate. 8 . fermentation byproducts. harmonious system that not only sustains itself but actually regenerates land. A nationwide transition to organic farming is urgently needed. breast cancer. uses crop rotation for soil enhancement (without any depletion). a threshold below which soil biology collapses. liberty.What can I do personally? . For those of us who are waking up. please distribute freely. What Can We Do? A hundred and fifty years ago our country was split in two over the inherent right of the rich and powerful to brainwash. August 2007). 7 Alcohol Can Be a Gas! This material is largely based upon the book Alcohol Can Be a Gas! Fueling an Ethanol Revolution for the 21st Century. Today. let’s create our world consciously. The amount of herbicides may be in excess of 4 billion pounds yearly. SunDance Fuel An Independent Fuel Producers Network Regenerative Agriculture for Food and Fuel ™ For more information. it simply will not work as a monoculture-based system. synergistic. we assimilate estrogen-mimicking chemicals in pesticides and plastics as if they were the actual hormone itself. subjugate.S. we spray well over 1 billion pounds of petroleum-derived pesticides on our food every year. however. More and more chemical fertilizer is needed to prop up food production on devitalized. Regenerative Farming Practices Without question. petroleum-based fertilizers. For more information. bats.How can we transcend the status quo so as to yield multiple. The most horrendous effects occur when the dose is so small that our bodies don’t recognize a substance as dangerous. and with it the fertility to grow crops. along with soil fungi.How creative can I get? . beans. pesticides. symbiotic benefits? Let’s talk.com. wasting. An integrated ethanol-food enterprise. and other products are harmful to people and ecosystems. Prostate cancer. For example. we are bleeding $600 billion from our local economies annually.What possible solutions exist outside the box? .AlcoholCanBeAGas. In the U. and livestock. In this integrated system. A Mexican campesino using simple hand tools to grow a polyculture of corn. write info@SunDanceIndependentFuel. sprayed directly on our food every year. Let’s Take Personal Responsibility for Our Own Food and Fuel! First. recycling organic matter and building topsoil depth and biological activity. earthworms. How do we do that? Together. air. This totals 15 pounds of poison per person. and squash can produce. These chemicals are also toxic to the microlife that is responsible for soil fertility. let’s start doing our own thinking and asking lots of questions: . permaculturally designed integrated food and fuel model is an opportunity to naturally and sensibly provide ourselves with everything we need. and water. beneficial insects. So voilà! We now need petroleum-based fertilizers and pesticides … in greater and greater quantities. profits trumped life.Advantages of Natural. designed with permaculture principles. it is imperative to stop expanding. and destroying. and the pursuit of happiness.How can current systems be restructured to benefit all? . by ecological biologist and permaculture farmer David Blume (International Institute for Ecological Agriculture. Much of America’s farmland now contains less than 2% organic matter.How and with whom can I collaborate? . toads. and to the natural predators of pest insects. Back then. contaminated soil.S. our purpose in society is clear: keep working.com The Possibilities Are Immense … For the 200 billion gallons of petroleum-based transportation fuel we consume each year in the U.. keep paying. This document bears no copyright. What would our neighborhoods be like if this money and more was continuously recirculating in our local communities? Schools? Teachers? Police/fire? Libraries? Affordable housing? Parks & Recreation? A community-scale. on a dry-weight basis. visit www.

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