Certainly, all thanks and praise is due to Allaah; creator and sustainer of all the worlds.

Blessings and peace be upon the most honored of the prophets and messengers, and upon his family, and his companions, and all those who follow them in excellence until the Day of Recompense.

When we are looking into the Shee ah s origins in Judaism we essentially will be concentrating on one personality above all others; namely, Abdullaah bin Saba . I will endeavor to show how this individual relates to these Jewish origins and how far back it goes. Additionally, I will show that his existence and deeds is not worthy of any serious doubts, as some may claim. In all, I hope to establish (for my and your benefit) the undeniable link between Jews and Shee ah. At the start I think it is germane to address the assertion by some, from all sides, that Abdullaah bin Saba is an historical fiction. There are many recent clarifications that he is indeed real and not a fabrication of dishonest historians, etc. The historians, scholars of hadeeth and authors of books on sects and groups, biography, literature and genealogy who discussed the Saba ees were all unanimously agreed that Abdullaah bin Saba who appears in the books of Sunnee writers as well as in Shee ee books was a real historical character. (As-Sallabi, 2007) The author of this above quote goes on to quote extensively narrations regarding Abdullaah bin Saba from both Sunnee and Shee ee sources; relatively conclusively closing the door to this part of the argument, that he s completely fictitious. Another door by which people try and attack the record of his existence is by censuring the reports of Sayf bin Umar at-Tameemee. The author goes on to show that there are many reports that don t rely on him as their source at all, thus rendering null and void this line of debate. From the Shee ee side some try to assert that the reports were mistakes or offered maliciously. How then do they deal with the reports on Ibn Saba from the likes of their Ma soomeen (Infallibles) like Alee bin al-Hussayn and Aboo Abdullaah? For example; Aboo Abdullaah [as] said: "We are a family of truthfulness. But we are not safe from a liar telling lies about us to undermine our truth with his lies in front of people. The Messenger of Allaah (His blessings and peace be upon him) was the most truthful among people in what he said and the most truthful among all humanity; and Musaylimah used to lie on him. The Commander of Believers (may Allaah be pleased with him) was the most truthful one among the creation of Allaah after the Messenger of Allaah; and the one who used to lie on him, and tried to undermine his truthfulness and claimed lies about Allaah, was Abdullah bin Saba ." (Al-Hashimi, 2011) Besides the Shee ah, the other group which would have it in their interests to deny the existence of this man is the Jews. However, they have openly admitted to his identity as well. The Jewish Encyclopedia has this to say about him, A Jew of Yemen, Arabia, of the seventh century, who settled in Medina and embraced Islam. The author of this article

goes on to site how he was critical of Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) and agitated against him until his death. Afterwards, he joined the supporters of Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him) and eventually began to claim divinity for him. Some details may be slightly different than those accepted by Islamic scholars, but the identities are clearly a match. (Hirschfeld, 2002) There s even more detail included in another biography of him at another place, although some of the details again seem muddled or confused. For instance, they attribute his leadership to both the Saba eeyah and the Khawaarij which is ideologically unlikely seeing as how the groups were active concurrently and philosophically opposed to each other. (Alsadiqin, 2008) However, the important point is that another Jewish resource recounts his historical reality in great detail. They even go so far to describe him as an Exilarch, which means generally lay head of the Jewish community. ((Sternberg), 2010) I think/hope the preceding information establishes the historical reality of this man, Abdullaah bin Saba . Now as for the origins of his disgust for Islam and Muslims we can began in the generation before him. It has been shown by some that his personal feelings about Islam and Muslims stem from his father s activities. In describing the plot to kill Umar bin al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) we find the following, The third partner was a Jew by the name of Saba bin Sha moon (whose son would be Abdullaah bin Saba , the notorious founder of the Shee ah movement). Saba despised the Muslims who had expelled the Jews on charges of conspiracy. (Al-Hashimi, 2011) Sources go on to describe how Ibn Saba was influenced by his father s experience. He harbored enormous resentment towards Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) for not punishing the killer of his father s two accomplices; an extra-judicial killing not sanctioned by Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him). Add to that something which is hinted at in the quote above, which is the practice of many Jews in the early Islamic Empire towards plotting to destroy Islam (first by betrayal and assassination attempts against Allaah s Messenger, His blessings and peace be upon him). Eventually, when these overt attempts met with utter failure, they resorted to more covert methods; namely, trying to destroy Islam from the inside. This sheds some light on the conversion of Ibn Saba and then his active participation in the intrigue which followed. In fact, I hope to show that he did more than participate, but he actively promoted the whole affair, up to and including the blasphemous claims regarding Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him). Now, as for the details of how Abdullaah bin Saba sowed the seeds of sedition that eventually culminated in the death of Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) and the extreme partisanship for Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him) which gradually turned into utter heresy, the details are scattered throughout the books of history. One of the greatest sources of knowledge of this matter is the History of at-Tabaree; the advantage that Imam al-Tabari had over others is that he had more abundant material and more details than others. (As-Sallabi, 2007) Throughout his book we find numerous narrations on the specifics of how he started with the sedition against Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him), traveling from city to city instigating the weak-minded and hypocritical therein to rise up against him (and eventually kill him). Once this aim was achieved, he turned his attention to Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him) for different reasons, some of which we have already alluded to. Eventually, as some of our previous quotes have shown, Ibn Saba went so far as to claim divinity for Alee, and according to some reports was burned alive by Alee for his refusal to recant his beliefs (and

according to others, he escaped). (al-Jawzee, 1996) Another excellent book which recounts the details of his efforts is the monumental work by Qaadhee Aboo Bakr bin al- Arabee (may Allaah show him mercy), al- Awaasim min al-Qawaasim. This work has been translated into English and published under the title Defence Against Disaster and to Allaah belongs the praise. With Allaah s permission, the preceding has served its intended purpose of clarifying the matter of Abdullaah bin Saba , and thereby exposing the Jewish origins of the Shee ah. One of the most interesting points in that regard was the narrated justification given by Ibn Saba regarding Alee s relationship to prophet hood and leadership. He falsified much untrue dogma and began to propagate it. Among the untruths he declared was that every prophet left a Waasi (administrator) who was his relative. For instance, he claimed that the prophet Moosaa left Haaroon (peace be upon them both) as his Waasi and thus the Prophet (Allaah s blessings and peace be upon him) must have left a Waasi , who was Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him). (Al-'Arabi) As I believe I ve shown up to now, there is ample evidence on all sides to establish the historical reality of this personality, his fertile grounds for hatred and animosity towards Islam and Muslims, and finally the copious amount of information which gives detailed account of the machinations he used to achieve his ends. Upon reading over the circumstances of these times, and the occurrences which were taking place, it becomes eerily familiar with the current turbulent times we re passing thru right now. I pray that Allaah guides us to learn our history and take lessons from it to avoid similar catastrophes in the future (including our very near future) Allaahu Musta aan!!!

Glory is to You, O Allaah, and to You be praise. I bear witness that nothing deserves to be worshipped/adored except for You. I seek Your Forgiveness, and turn in repentance to You.

Bibliography
(Sternberg), E. B. (2010). Exilarch. Retrieved 04 30, 2011, from Jewish Virtual Library: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0006_0_06181.html Al-'Arabi, Q. A. (n.d.). Defence Against Disaster. Al-Hashimi, I. (2011, 01 12). Origins of the Shia Sect. Retrieved 04 29, 2011, from Discovering Islam: http://www.discoveringislam.org/origins_of_shiism.htm al-Jawzee, I. (1996). The Devil's Deception Of The Shee'ah. In I. al-Jawzee, The Devil's Deception (p. 42). Birmingham: Al-Hidaayah Publishing and Distribution. Alsadiqin. (2008, 09 14). Heman ben Shallum (Abdullah Ibn Saba). Retrieved 04 30, 2011, from Alsadiqin: http://www.alsadiqin.org/en/index.php?title=Heman_ben_Shallum_(Abdullah_Ibn_Saba) As-Sallabi, D. A. (2007). The Saba'is were a real group, not a figment of the imagination. In D. A. AsSallabi, The Biography of 'Uthman Ibn 'Affan: Dhun-Noorayn (p. 479). Riyadh: Maktaba Dar-us-Salam. Hirschfeld, H. (2002). Abdallah ibn Saba. Retrieved 04 30, 2011, from Jewish Encyclopedia: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=189&letter=A

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