tsOESE hI]t1I-ROfiEfr{ T4OTOR ffiDESE.



Turbo Expander {heat exchanger}


Psuer takeoff
Gear Pulley

The Liqurd Hitrogen Hotor takes advantage of the er;raneion of liquid nitrogen to a gaeeour phare' This entails a volume increase of ffi times. One gallon of Liquid Nitrogen equals 2K cu. inches which conuerts to ffiJ8O cubic inchrsr as nitrogen gdr. Liquid Hitrogen is rtored in a De$Iar flaslt flike a coffee thermos). When the liquid nitrogrn mover through a series of warmm conduits thr= ambient heat cau*ea the liquid to expand by ffi times to a now high presrure, ntrn-Irtrlluting gas that then provides a motor force. Hitrogen gaa Eomprirrer 7E9l of the Earth's atmorpheren is inert and totally nonlrolluting. Liquid Hitrogen will last for up to I month in it'= Iiquid state without extra insulation...total cost F5 cl.nte per milc


."4>' ,;Ctr' THtr AIR .,




This folder printed 1996 by PEA RESEARCH, C.

l':ll-e Nant*

Ceimtribut.ed by : Jerry Deckeln



I onl"ine Date I nJ-n Category





Thel fol"J-uturi-ng i-s frurft

e had plrot.ocotrly r pi.c}<ed up several years agCI" I was tret*r tr-,j-ndeynmns exfr*:llent artiol-* ttT*sl-n's Sel-"f* AutimE EngS"neri \d&s pLibl".j-shed .Ln the Thj"rd Quarten -995 Bonclerlands J$urnal" You cmn conLact thern on InterNet emori-l at trsr:fBnorthcomst.com or cnl"l" tlie Et:::cterl-ands EIIS at (7A7) 825*7739 or suhscrihe fur omfi year at $25 f,rorn tsorderlands, p0 BOX 220, tsaysl-de, CA p5524 USA. Voiuc (70?) 825*?733, FAX (7AT ) e24-7VVg . T'el-l- MiahaeL you hear:d. ah:aut them f,rom Keel-ylolet amcX they'11 treat yor.r riEht! " " . ",-Terry
reminded of, it
Frorn Cfinsiumers Gui.de f f ctron't' have the date)





by Gilbert
1r i


Ani-rra I i rz rr l-h roa

f hrorr nf €r,rrri



I ri



rel"eassj-ng ig t* the consl{fi}erlrr -tr"ee

Xne OVel: & irz i l- rrn

hj-lli-c:n ctCIl- -m.ns * br.lt. I was afnai-d anrl np\z*.r harrro An\/ i n'l--entions of


The followJ-nE feature, to mnny Ameriemn Consumers, may seeTrr dj-fficul-t to believe. It none the less j-s br:ue! T'hj-s is not -iust a sLory of <lne man/s desj-re to overcoln* the suppressj.on of mm$sive odds ac;ninst hims*lf, but, entwj.ned ruithin Fri-s destS-ny and witFrin hi.s }:ands he may hq:l-d the future
rlnef inrz nf a'qerisa and the frem b/$rld. You may never need a6k Agmj"n/ ItWhateven happened t$ goutf old Amerj.can 1-rrgenuity? Where are the rn$cLmrn
*lq/ v.vgH9,

Bells, the Wriqht Brothenes, l{en::y Fords and the }ikes?"

"i.''rL* r.ro -naVe al_J_ heard tl"le eXpreSSiOr^r, rrDgn't.l_OOk a gif,t hOrSe in thle rnnntkr rr lrrrl- v*ho aynong us, could.l_ook ffi hj-Xl"j-on do11ar plus offer i.n the face and s&V, NCIl Idelln tt may sourrd l-ike a good ptot fe:n n tel-evision series (we aJ-l- remernber flThe Mil-lionaire"), trut it's no ,F'iatj-on, "i-t trappen$ rlThe Big Thtreo, I' appanentJ-y pooled t.he j-r automotive to he tlre truth. f,ortunes mnd effnrts to the tune of sver one hril-i-j-cln dol-l-nrs! Al-1 they wanted in return were the absol.r-rte patent. niqht.s cwned ancl atr-reactry registered to T,ee Rogers, f,or an automobile tha-L. iiteral-.1-y rul)s ol'r air"

Roqersn a forty-crne year old resident.ial contractorn f,ront lona, IJ-onidn had. one underlyinE f,ear" He had a near obseesive concern that the cnutomotive .ilndustry miEht" merely'shelve'Fris revol-utionary invention anci keep it orf the rn;rrket" Rnqers rniEht wel--l- i:e right, if all Iv:dj-cntions pr$ve cornectl His iciea to op*rate any regr-al-ar qas designed engirre on colTrpressed air could cut Am*ricats rnrrssive dependence upon foreign oil-. Becauceo as Lee Rog*rs says, *otrf's prohral:ly the closest thinE to a perpetual notinm ntachine thaL rnmy ever be :l-nvent*d "

of Lee trtogers novolutionary design, reached Consumers Guicle Editnrs and immediately we r,qent to work to scparate f act f,rom rumor. As I quickJ-y fourrd out, this wasn't an easy task" Iror some reason, there al-rnost seemec{ to be a ftmedia bl,ack-out,tlwhen it came to acquirl-nE inforrnation on this potentS"al block-husting inventisn,





Iiovl cc,rr.lld it be, tr asi<ecl myself , .i-f in faet, as Lee RcEens had stated, his inventicn wars probably the cl.osest thing ever Lo a penpetuntr motj om machine, that no one, incJ-udinq AP, UPI, NBC/ C'BS and ABC had r-rot grabbed
rln thi..l I iff lp crrlm and real-t rz rln f irr: diStanCe.

t[:eir f,eans o]: reservations the bal-anffie of, the rnedia seernlngJ-y held back, and given the jnttiative of tixre, t:he Guj-de continued to forge ahead. to expose the inven'Lj"ve qenius * oi: f,raud * of T,ee trtogers " As the c{ays grew jnto several rveeks, bit by bit., pj-ece try piece, the Rngens cr-nrrr q'i-arfa'r comlng together. Many unanswered questions artcl doubts were 5-nvestigated and th* solutions Lo the skeptics quest"icns were an*w*:reS wlt|l her:d f acts.
tr,'or r,';hatever

e : Why d j-d Dn . Larrl' I-laqnral- 1 , noted n-lni vens ity of F'L on j-da Agricultureal EnclJ ncer, cri t j c i ze R.oEers inventions, sayinq, dlRcge::s might ."^f l -3,"^e ^JLrbL qtrr wcrr uls€ a horse to turn a windrnill!tr tr'urther, BagnalJ- stated, rrl r.rnrrlrtr rnrrrrlrlrz sgf,ilnnt* thmt j-t UrOuld tnke twj_ce agi rnuch energy to FTtr,tr, the tanks and COMtrRHSS tFre air as'bl"le engi-ne aould H\IER produce" Aft.en all,Nl rdnmnn"l-l nnn''l-inUed, ttRggerS Wilj- hrAVe tO USe mfire fUel- *O nOrnpre{Sg$ the tmr:kS clf ain tfian the auto n$rfiral-l-y w*ul-d use ! rl

?nmorq- nn+- n.ne t.O bg at a J-oss f,r:r words, counLercd Bacana.l- L's attack wj-th a nlrrrnl,rl a *,le comptressor !.JiIJ bre contj-r-rua-l-J-y fueteci. simply by the poter v,rqvrl* v, ll+"1
*!vY *! v ,

from the engine itself



As Rcgers l-n'her stated in an excl-usive Consuflrers Guide intervi,ew, rrI work $n one prOblem at a tivre. Fir"st, they told rne it was rnnposslble Lo run nn r:rJ-n anninn nn irrc{rrlnirr 'pune' s-i-mple air and I sai-d, rrWhy?tr

exyllosion awnl nc'i nn tlre air: FIAS to be triOf,'l f hreathe'?rl

ItAfi-or 6I uE!


i:-^'{.-?:; uUt is Cfear:e a tHOT' driving the pistons up and down, and the onJ-y reason i't's a HOT iq because itrs ICI\-I"TflD. So, I got. to 't"hinking, no reas61rt r+hy

tr qD r.rss Frrryors. vUllul.JtUC\/ r:nnfinrrrrni as T.pp I\UYs!p


rlAl' J 4L


f I. ltE

not just. neg'ul.ar cooi- everyCay air tike you sAy, rrbUt
j_t t II STARTHfi it,


ir- u,nrkr r ^-uved it! I not ontry *t.* hours), but" tr tc:ok oem f,or a drj-ve in it." work!

rrQnrrniic nnnr! tr eVefyOne WOUId

NI|VEIt r,,rOrk I tt NrI{e"l" -1" o "[ MADE pnd IDLED it (for MAi.lY, MAI{Y Nuw let 'em tell- me it CAN/T'

R<:n r:au] Nuckolls, (R) trort Myers, who -jutst happens tc L:e on the Hnrrqc Arvr i r-rr I tUral- COmrn,Lttee, SeeS tl1e Rogers inventi On aS tt pOtent j a jnorznr,,f inn:arr. breakhhpuugh f,or the farrnj-nq inclustry. Wiehout. the high c*sL of, fuel-, that the farmer:s are presently faced with, foori prices coul-d be



Itep. Nucl<ol-"I-s personnl aid, -J$"ln Siford, stated to the GuiCe, ttf rermemkrelr the rlay we nl-I went dowrr tr: Les's for: a l"ook. A ruhol* EroLlp sf us were {-r*^va re?A I'a^,t heard all types CIf, rumoJ:s, and Mr. Rogers lda_ked out to his y\rs LIIe.[-Ei" garage with us expl"ainl-nE, 'lt iust simply RUNS OhX AIR. ' One gertt who q+rl,s there with us, who f dare not narner sej-c{, '1f that thing even STIAI{T'S, I/II consid*r: it. a rniraclel'





rrWeII, Mr. Rog:ers opens up the garage door and there sits a regular looking t977 Dodge station wagon. After showing us the nodifications, Mr. Rogers hops in and not only starts her up, he backs down his driveway and waves to us, os he drives off down the street. You could have knocked us a1lover with a feather! It Siford concluded.

(trditors Note : Accompanying this artj-cle is the Guide exclusive interviev with Lee Rogers. )
AIR-POWERED AUTO IS A REALITY! by Jerry Keefe Lee Rogers is a resident of Iona, Florida, a small residential area outside Fort Myers. He believes he's invented a car that runs on compressed air; no fuel, no cornbustion, just the power of air trying TO FREE ITSELF frorn the cylinders of a V-8 engine. Rogierst idea to run an autornobile on compressed air was sparked by the energy crunch two years ago. This idea has been fueled by his technical progress on the engine, and his desire to change the nature of the auto industry, thus freeing the consumer of spiraling gasoline costs and cut America's umbilical cord with the energry-rich Arab nations. Lee began by tinkering with his 1977 Dodge Aspen station wagon. He removed aII the gasoline cornponents frorn his engine, including the carburetor, spark plugs, gds tank, fuel pump and exhaust system. The old Dodge was originally fueled by pressurized air tanks that Rogers had purchased. He has since designed an air compressor that provides a CONTINUOUS supply of air to the engine. A conversion kit, that he attaches to the engine b1ock, pumping pressurized air into the developed, cylinder - and it works! rrSimply, it just runs on air instead of gasrrr the 4r-year old forrner horne builder says of his first invention, 'rlnstead of gas, it just has air going in to DRIVE the pistons up and down. It's so darnn simple nobody believes it. rt That includes Jirruny Carter, the Departrnent of Energy, Ralph Nader and the major US car manufacturers, all of whom Rogers has contacted with little or no response. Rogers contacted the rnajor auto cornpanies last year and tried to interest thern in his idea. But, they apparently wrote hirn off as a nut and ignored his request to come and SEE his perpetual motion machine. Apparently the Big Three believe him NOW. After a great deal of publicity and documented facts, they have pooled their bargaining efforts and offered him |tover a billion dollars'r for his patent. rrChrysler and General Motors asked me to send it to thern, but they didn't believe it could turn it (the engine) overrf' Rogers says with amusement. ttHell, f can let it IDLE eight hours a day OR MORE, take it on a test run and reach speeds UP TO 80 rniles per hour. And vhen you look at the engine, it has a nice frosty cool appearance to it and is cold to the touch.rl




'tThere's a couple little tricks to my invnention that I haven't told nobody. My wife doesn't even know about em'. Like I told Chrysler, if you had this idea you could be No. 1- instead of being on the brink of bankruptcy. They said, trWe11, send it to us. We don't expect it to run.' But they want rne to practically sigrn the patent over to them, tt
And Rogers has his engine patented own money in his own invention so

to the hilt. far, he says.

He has

about $7,000 of his

Mr. Rogers fears that if the big auto companies did buy his creation, they night hold the production of a car that runs for years with no internal conbustion or tune-ups. rrAnd, if they did rnake this car, where is the average consumer going to get the $16,000 or $zor000 to buy one?rr Rogers asks. Lee Rogers plans to build a rrconverter kitrrt that will adapt to any Arnerican built auto, mass produce them and sell them outright. He feels that if he builds and sells them on his own he can protect his patent, help out the consumer, save his country from the Arab oil squeeze and make a comfortable sum of money to live on. He touts his invention as one solution to smog and the energy crisis, and says that when it is cornpleted, it will- run as fast as qrasoline-powered engines and revolutionize the industry. rrFord Motors told me the engine would never run on air. They said it's DESIGNED to run on cornbusti-on on1y, created by a fuel r rr Rogers adds, rrnobody believed it would work because they said it would work they would have done it a long time agolrl In the process of desiqrning and building his 'perpetual-motion' machine, Lee Rogers had to have every part made at various machine shops. Many times the various parts had to be rnodif ied, redesigned or cornpletely

invention would turn inflation clear around. If enough American people KNE$I about it, they're going to PUSH for it. The auto companies could have created this ten years aqo. Frank Ke1ly, fiy neighbor, who has assisted me in the assembly of the engine, and I can't change the country by ourselves. We need HELP from EVERYONE to put pressure on the auto industry to qrive ny engine a chance. Rogers' '77 Dodge is currently running at 962 HP efficiency compared to only 262 for gas powered vehicles. Lee Rogers air-powered conversion kit (when manufactured), could be adapted to any American-made auto and would sell for about $1,000. The kit coul-d be installed by your loca1 mechanic at a nearby gas station. The car keeps its battery to power the lights, accessories and to start up the air
compressor. Now, assuming you have bought the conversion kit, had it installed, you are now ready for your initial test run. But, first you must spend $14 for a tank of NITROGEN to CIIARGE all FOtR AIR TANKS that are mounted where the gas tank USED TO BE. You have the MAIN tank, and the other THREE are




The conpressor is fueled sinply by power frorn the engine AS THE RUNS, it's constantly REBUILDING its own air supply.
As one tank EMPTIES, another is being FILLED....and so gets to 500 PSf, the auto is ready for the highway. The nitrog:en




the charge

is a one tine purchase. It also cleans, blows out aII oil and. gas residue. cleaning the valves, the engine and everything else right out the the exhaust.
Now, step into the car, turn on the key, grive it, some AIR (step on the former GAS pedal) and away you go.
The whole concept of the perpetual-motion machine is based loosely on the same theory of an AIR-GUN. The forrner gas pedal acts like a TRIGGER and gives you VARIOUS SPEEDS, when you press down on it.

the convertor kits now or at some time in the near future, is a slight problem he hopes to soon solve. At low speeds, the auto uses the air pressure up in about 20 minutes. rrThe engine doesn't run FAST ENOUGH at 5 to l-5 nph to rebuild the air supply. The air pressure has to reach about 21000 RPM's to remake its own supply.rr Lee chuckl-es and adds, trBut itts merely a matter of gearing and some slight changes. I'm very close to solving the problem. Very closertr he adds and grins. And grrin he should. Lee is on the verge of creating complete havoc in the automotive world that for years has been dependent on the oil and gas cornpanies. And should his desiqn work, the hiss of his air exhausts sweeping across the nation will be topped only by the screaming and yelling of the money hungry oi1 and gas magnates pulling their hair out.
What stands between Lee Rogers marketing

In this day and age when heroes are a rarity, Lee Roqrers is certainly destined to be a cult hero. The 4L-year o1d building contractor is gaining a cult following with engineers, rnechanics and farmers who call day and night and even stop by his house, the location of which Rogers is trying to keep ttTop Secret.rl
usually caln, soft-spoken man sometirnes breaks into a hearty laugh when he recalls what some people have gone through to beg a glinpse of the air-powered engine or just to shake the inventor's hand. A farrner flew in from Wisconsin and vranted to buy his conversion kits for his tractors, when he arrived he still had on his bib overalls. An older couple named Rogers drove down frorn North Carolina sinply to congratulate another Roqers. And on and on it qoes, phone calls, visitors, TV, radio and newspaper reporters...all hoping to catch a glinpse of the Dodge running on air. All the attention has built up to the point where Rogers is finding a little privacy hard to corne by.




He has an unlisted phone nurnber, and for some, the journey to see the perpetual-motion machine ends in disappointment. Lee Rogers attorney has insisted that all viewing by unknowns be halted and that his rtsecrettt be guarded and kept under lock and key. Years from nohr, we may be breathing clean air as we sit on our porch in a rocking chair....telting our grandchildren about the legend of Lee Rogers and how he slew the gianst of the auto industry with his creation of a perpetual motion machine that revolutionized the auto industry and just possibly saved rnankind from walking the face of the earth with a g:as rnask and a tank of oxygen strapped to his back to breathe with.

Note : In our conversation with Mr, Rogers he has expressed a concern for the preservation of his privacy, in order that he may maintain some semblanse of normal life. Thus, in accordance with Mr. Rogrers wishes, Consurners Guide will NOT publish any DIRECT contact information.
Should you desire to correspond with Mr. Rogers, please write to:
Lee Rogers Consumers Guide PO BOX 2700


Toledo, Ohio

The guide will forward all correspondence to Mr. Rogrers. tI tried this address. It cane back frundeliverable. tr -PEARI

might want to also study the file BOESE, there is a text file and a GIF showing an engine which runs on ni-trogen. The claim is liquid nitrogen, when expanded to its gaseous state, expands by 960 tirnes its volume, That translates to pressure which drives an air motor to run the vehicle.

The following is excerpted from BOESE.ASc on Keelynet: The engine uses a trturbo-expanderrr which functions as a heat exchanger. It allows the liquid nitrogen a means of rapid expansion from heating due The trturbo-expanderrt is to ambient temperatures of >30 degrees F. a long hollow copper pipe that is either spiralled or folded in basically such a way as to give the greatest surface exposure.

As the liquid nitroqren passes through this expansion tubing, the ambient heat will cause the liquid to change to a gas through a phase change. Liquid nitrogen expands by 9S0 times its volume when changing from a liguid

to a gas.

Expansion neans pressure which translates to pob/er.

1 gallon : 23I cubic inches Expansion of one gallon of Liquid Nitrogen into Nitrogen 980 X 23L = 226,380 cubic inches


Page 6


Boese said that only a slight nodification to the air motor was necessary to make the it run perfectly with the expanded and very cool nitrogen gas. There is another paper on a fellow in Costa Rica or Puerto Rico who also has an air engine. When I find that info, I will post it also, though as I recal1, it doesn't give the same quality of information which Mr. Rogers does in his intervi-ew. One other point that is of interest and which correlates with this fiIe, a story told by John Searl to Rueben Josuiak when several of us went to the 94' Tes1a Symposiurn in Colorado Springs. John totd Rueben that an inventor in England had discovered a way to use a srnall quantity of gasoline in an engine evacuted of air, for years without 'consuming' the gasoline. As Rueben recounted it, the gasoline was sprayed as a fine nist into the combustion chamber, then subjected to a 30r000 volt spark. This would make the gasoline mist violently separate, causing the piston to be pushed away. The gas would then be collected and reconbined to be reinjected into the chamber again and again. John said the inventor had been put under a secrecy order and eventually died in a mysterious fashion. We found this an intriguing idea at the time because if the gasoline had not been consurned by the presence of oxygen and other gases, then what would cause it to burn? So what woutd prevent it being reused as claimed? If Rogers machine works as he claims, despite the disbelief of many, then this tnight also work. One final correlation which fit, the air engine are with the nixing of outside air with a Brown's gas consisting of hydrogen and oxygen as produced from direct hydrolysis. This does not significantly affect the explosion of the nixture according to Garrett (GARRETTL.ZIp) and resolves a couple of problems associated with the burning of hydrogen. Recent experiments by Mike Randatl with a hornemade Brovns Gas generator confirm some of the unusual properties of the gas when burned or combusted in an

transmission of a vehicle.

once the liquid has expanded by 980 times its volume, it is fed into an off-the-shelf AIR MOTOR. An air motor is kind of like a paddle wheel on an old style riverboat. As conpressed air is blown against the padd.Ies, a shaft is spun which drives nhatever is attached, in this case, the



For more information on


please write to:




FiIe Narne

Contributed by : Jerry Decker



I ontine Date I nir category



to a wheelchair in his later years. You might also take the file which shows a diagram of how the system works. Mr. Boese developed a most unique engine based on liquid nitrogen (N2) which is inert, non-flammable and comprises about TBeo of our atmosphere. A Pinto station hragon was converted to run on his engine and proven as a viable means of transport at extremely low cost and absolutely no pollution.

The following file refers to the late cryogenics genius, Harold L. Boese (pronounced BAY-ZEE). He was a recognized expert in the field of super cold and has been called the Father of Cryoqlenics. Mr. Boese died about 4 years ago (1-988) after severar strokes, according to his daughter. Due to the severity of the strokes, Mr. Boese was restricted

The engine uses a rrturbo-expandertr which functions as a heat exchangrer. It allows the liquid nitrogen a means of rapid expansion from heating due to arnbient temperatures of >30 degrees F. The trturbo-expandertr is basically a long hollow copper pipe that is either spiralled or folded in such a hray as to give the grreatest surf ace exposure.

As the liquid nitrogen passes through this expansion tubing, the ambient heat will cause the liquid to change to a gas through a phase change. Liquid nitrogen expands by 980 times its volume when changing from a

liquid to a gas.

Expansion neans pressure which translates to power. 1 giallon : 231, cubic inches Expansion of one grallon of Liquid Nitrogen into Nitrogen 980 X 23L : 226,380 cubic inches

the liquid has expanded by 980 times its volume, it is fed into an off- the-she1f AIR MOTOR. An air motor is kind of like a paddle wheel on an old style riverboat. As compressed air is blown against the paddles, a shaft is spun which drives whatever is attached, in this case, the transmission of a vehicle. Boese said that only a sliqht rnodification to the air motor was necessary to make the it run perfectly with the expanded and very cool nitrogen gas. Mr. Boese's daughter told me in a phone conversation that her dad had designed and built a liquid nitrog:en motor for use as a backup engine on the NASA Lunar Rover. An electric engine WAS INTENDED as the primary with the liquid nitrogen engine as backup. f was told the N2 enqine was ACTUALLY USED in the pictures we see of the Lunar 'buggyt bouncing across the surface because it was smaller, less heavy because it did not have all those batteries (despite the 1,/6tl: earth gravity) and rnuch more efficient. Boese's daughter said that he was ecstatic with this success and that NASA expressed an interest in promoting this as an excellent engine for vehicles. That lasted unt,il the mission was over and then they changed their tune and refused to support any clairns that a liquid nitrogen rnotor was actually used.


For the rernainder of Boese's life, h€ tried to prornote and narket the use of his invention as a non-polluting notive force, with no appreciable success. A company rrras formed, Cryogenics Unlirnited Corporation, for that purpose and offers were being considered from Japan and ltaly. As of this writing (originally L992j, no commitment had been arranged from anyone.
The current status of the working vehicle is that one of the financial backers has the Pinto test car in his garage. ft has not worked for several years. He has been tinkering with it to find out how to make it work but does not have the late Mr. Boese's understanding of the process.

Liquid nitrogen was availabte for about 2 ta 5 cents per rnile back in the 70's when the tests were being carried. out. Boese claj-med he had also discovered a means of generating his own liquid nitrogen AS THE CAR wAS RUNNING, so that it could partially or fully replenish its ovrn fuel. The beauty of his engine is that it could be used for many other purposes than just running a car. It couLd drive a generator to produce porder for your horne anong other uses. There is much to yet be discovered (or RE-discovered) with regard to this principle and it needs to be shared with the greatest number of interested people in hopes they can or WILL do experiments that will be shared with the network. Good luck! ....Jerry For nore information on I'FUTURE CARS'! write to:

leroj" pun @ rockr{^i



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