Among various traditional herbal remedies, the benefits of dandelion and dandelion root are highly appreciated in Europe
. Though dandelion is a weed, it is highly beneficial in health issues. In Europe, dandelion leaves are used just as lettuce leaves to add healthy greens to a salad, though it is slightly bitter in taste. Dandelion roots are rich in vitamin A, vitamin B complex, vitamin C, vitamin D, and are extremely rich sources of potassium, iron and zinc. It is then natural that the dandelion root benefits are immense and useful for anyone who wishes to lead a healthy lifestyle. Dandelion Root Benefits Dandelion root is used as a remedy for the following health conditions:
1. Detoxifies the Liver
Dandelion root is rich in vitamins, that help in detoxifying the liver from all the intake of unhealthy food, alcohol, and other dangerous toxins. Dandelion root has the ability to enhance bile production, which help clear out all these unhealthy toxins from the liver. It is also effective in preventing the formation of gall stones, but is not considered beneficial if one already has them.
2. Appetite Stimulant
This is one of the roasted dandelion root benefits. When dandelion root is roasted and a tea is prepared from it, it works well as an appetite stimulant. It is thus, helpful in reviving the appetite of those undergoing treatment for a variety of health conditions.
3. Natural Diuretic and Laxative
Dandelion root has high levels of potassium, that enhance urine flow from the body. This is useful in preventing health problems such as urinary tract infection, keep blood pressure under control, and is also a good herbal remedy for bloating and water retention. While diuretics drastically affect the potassium levels in the body, dandelion root is a natural diuretic that is free of this side effect. It is also a natural laxative, and generally aids the digestive system for its healthy functioning.
4. Controls Cholesterol and Blood Sugar Levels
Research studies conducted on animals have shown that dandelion root has the ability to keep cholesterol levels under control, and also help regulate blood sugar levels and thus,diabetes. Though this has not been proven in humans, dandelion root, in any case, is a healthy addition to one's diet, and in the long run, is bound to have a positive effect on cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
5. Anti-Inflammatory Properties
Dandelion root has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties that are particularly useful for those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. These studies have, however, only been conducted in animals, and there is no proof for this benefit in human beings. Nonetheless, as mentioned before, it is a healthy addition to one's diet, and as it provides a host of other benefits, there is a possibility for its antiinflammatory properties to affect human beings too.
6. Heals Skin Problems
Another one of the roasted dandelion root benefits, is that it helps eliminate the toxins in the body that cause skin conditions such as acne, psoriasis, and eczema. When consumed in the form of tea, it can clear the body of all these skin conditions.
7. Prevents Cancer
Studies have shown that dandelion root has the ability to fight the development of cancerous cells that lead to breast cancer and skin cancer. Again, these studies have
not been completely proven, and thus, cannot be recommended as a definite solution to prevent cancer.
8. Alleviates Depression
It has been found that dandelion root may help alleviate depression and fatigue that is experienced as a result of stress. Also, it is highly beneficial for women who suffer from these conditions as a result of PMS.
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Scientific Name Taraxacum officinale (Asteraceae family) Common name Dandelion, lion’s tooth, monk’s head, telltime
The cultivated forms of the dandelion differ from wild varieties in their earlier development, more abundant leaves, and dense, well-formed tufts. The most popular cultivated varieties include: -”A cœur plein amélioré”, with its numerous, highly serrated leaves that form a dense tuft with a volume equivalent to that of an endive and a heart that tends to whiten naturally. -”Vert de Montmagny amélioré” is an early maturing variety with broad leaves. -”Amélioré géant à forcer” has numerous, highly serrated erect leaves.
Dandelions are hardy plants, grown in the open ground. During the summer following the sowing, it develops a strong swivelling root and a rosette of radical, serrated leaves. Flowering occurs the following Spring. The root throws out suckers and produces several daughter plants that flower until wintertime. Dandelions are suitable as multiannual crops. Dandelions are mainly grown in France.
As for all wild plants, consumption data does not exist. Picking in fields and roadsides does not feature in the statistics.
Nutritional values (per 100 g)
Energy Proteins Carbohydrates Fat Fibres Sodium Potassium Provitamin A Calcium Iron
39 kcal 2.7 g 5.7 g 0.7 g 3.5 g 76 mg 418 mg 8,400 µg 165 mg 3.1 mg 35 mg 0.19 mg 0.2 mg 0.25 mg 190 µg 2.5 mg 2,000 mg 4,800 µg 800 mg 14 mg 80 mg 1.1 mg 1.4 mg 1.4 mg 200 µg 12 mg 30 g
Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B9 Vitamin E
* Ciqual 1995 ** Recommended Daily Intake
Dandelions are rich in provitamin A (vital for healthy skin and tissue and good night vision) andvitamin B9 (for cell renewal and growth). It is also a source of iron, essential for cell respiration and muscular strength. Traditional medicine recommends the consumption of dandelions to enhance the appetite and treat chronic liver disorders. The whole plant is traditionally appreciated for its diuretic, cleansing and cholagogic properties. It is rich in provitamin A and calcium.
What is about portions...?
-a child portion : some leaves -an adult portion : around ten leaves
Cooking and nutrition: tasty combinations
-Dandelion, poached egg and crouton salad: As in the trio "Dandelion/potatoes/cured ham",dandelions offer food lovers a great source of vitamins. The ham and poached egg provide proteins with a high biological value. These salads are good examples of balanced meals. -Dandelion, beetroot and sweetcorn: For a colourful salad that’s high in vitamins, nothing can beat this dish. It offers all the nutritional benefits contained in these three vegetables. Serve with a vinaigrette made using soya or colza oil, for a supply of Omega 3.
Taraxacum officinale herb health benefit, also known as dandelion herb Chrysanthemum, dandelion, and mugwort belong to the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Chrysanthemum and dandelion were frequently cosensitized with mugwort in the general population with respiratory allergic diseases. Taraxacum officinale benefit Taraxacum officinale contains anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities through its inhibition of NO production and COX-2 expression and/or its antioxidative activity. Taraxacum officinale and cancer Evaluation of aqueous extracts of Taraxacum officinale on growth and invasion of breast and prostate cancer cells. Int J Oncol. 2008 May; Sigstedt SC, Hooten CJ, Callewaert MC, Jenkins AR, Romero AE, Pullin MJ, Kornienko A, Lowrey TK, Slambrouck SV, Steelant WF. Laboratory of Biochemical and Biomedical Research, Department of Chemistry, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM 87801, USA. Plants of the genus Taraxacum, commonly known as dandelions, have a history of use in Chinese, Arabian and Native American traditional medicine, to treat a variety of diseases including cancer. To date, however, very few studies have been reported on the anti-carcinogenic activity of Taraxacum officinale. In the present study, three aqueous extracts were prepared from the mature leaves, flowers and roots, and investigated on tumor progression related processes such as proliferation and invasion. Our results show that the crude extract of Taraxacum officinale leaf decreased the growth of MCF-7/AZ breast cancer cells in an ERK-dependent manner, whereas the aqueous extracts of Taraxacum officinale flower and root had no effect on the growth of either cell line. Furthermore, Taraxacum officinale root was found to block invasion of MCF-7/AZ breast cancer cells while Taraxacum officinale leaf blocked the invasion of LNCaP prostate cancer cells, into collagen type I. This study provides new scientific data on TO and suggests that Taraxacum officinale extracts or individual
Int J Mol Sci. Recent reports have indicated that excessive oxidative stress contributes to the development of atherosclerosis-linked metabolic syndrome. Weber ex Wiggers) St johns wort home
. and thus may have potential hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects. After the treatment period. 2010 Jan 6. Dandelion root and leaf could protect against oxidative stress linked atherosclerosis and decrease the atherogenic index. a normal diet group. Korea. The objective of this current study was to investigate the possible hypolipidemic and antioxidative effects of dandelion root and leaf in rabbits fed with a high-cholesterol diet. has been shown to favorably affect choleretic. antirheumatic and diuretin properties. Cholesterol. A group of twenty eight male rabbits was divided into four subgroups. Pohang Center for Evaluation of Biomaterials. lipids Hypolipidemic and Antioxidant Effects of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Root and Leaf on Cholesterol-Fed Rabbits. a high-cholesterol diet with 1% (w/w) dandelion leaf group. a high-cholesterol diet group. and a high-cholesterol diet with 1% (w/w) dandelion root group. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). the plasma antioxidant enzymes and lipid profiles were determined. Pohang 790-834. Lutein in Taraxacum officinale herb Lutein epoxide has been isolated from petals of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale F. an oriental herbal medicine.components present in the extracts may be of value as novel anti-cancer agents. Our results show that treatment with dandelion root and leaf positively changed plasma antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid profiles in cholesterol-fed rabbits.
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Side Effects and Precautions of Dandelion:
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Plant Description and Basic Data:Dandelion
Dandelion Root (Taraxacum officinale)
.Plant Description and Basic Data:
Archeology and Name Origin of Dadelion:
Dandelion extracts? Phytochemicals of Dandelion:
Traditional and Contemporary Use:
Medicinal Action and Function of Dandelion:
Some particularly important uses of Dandelion:
Internally and Externally use of Dandelion:
Common uses and application of Dandelion root:
Take Method and Dosage of Dandelion related products:
but are almost white inside and. from the centre of which arises the hollow stem bearing the yellow capitulate flowerhead made up of 200 or more ligulate bisexual florets.Canker Wort.
Dandelion(Taraxacum) is a native of western Europe where it grows in meadows. The long taproot arises from a short rhizome. Taraxacum officinale. when quite free of rain or dew. When collecting the seeds care should be taken when drying them in the sun.White Endive. It is this somewhat fanciful resemblance to the canine teeth of a lion that (it is generally assumed) gives the plant its most familiar name of Dandelion.A well-known herbal bitter.Canker Wort. each leaf being grooved and constructed so that all the rain falling on it is conducted straight to the centre of the rosette and thus to the root which is. therefore.Latin Name: Taraxacum officinale . which
.Lion's Tooth.Herba Taraxaci Plant species: Taraxacum dens leonis Desr. leaves." Medicinal Parts Used: The whole plant(roots. The tops should be cut on a dry day. milky juice (latex).Cankerwort. The leaves are shiny and without hairs. Wild Endive Origin and Habitat: Dandelion is a perennial plant growing almost everywhere. flowers) can be used medicinally. Irish Daisy. The fresh and dried root. but the juice of the root being still more powerful is the part of the plant most used for medicinal purposes. fields and fallow land. towards sunset. radiating from it to form a rosette Iying close upon the ground. Widely distributed throughout most of the world as a "troublesome weed.: 68990-74-9 Common Names: Blowball. dark brown. the margin of each leaf cut into great jagged teeth. almost black on the outside though white and milky within.Priest's Crown. and these teeth are themselves cut here and there into lesser teeth. to cover them with coarse muslin. which but for this arrangement would not obtain sufficient moisture. or when the damp air has caused the heads to close up. All the underground parts are covered with a dark brown bark. as otherwise the down will carry them away. Family:Asteraceae (Compositae) CAS n. always kept well watered.Wild Endive. Puffball. It has a rosette of characteristic 'lion's tooth' leaves. Leotodon taraxacum. From its thick tap root. produce a bitter-tasting white milky sap. preferring moist conditions. It originated in Central Asia. and all insect-eaten or stained leaves rejected. They are best collected in the evening. All parts of the plant contain a somewhat bitter. the long jagged leaves rise directly. but now grows almost anywhere in the world. the leaves being spread too close to the ground for the water to penetrate. like the stem.Swine's Snout. The maximum amount of water is in this manner directed towards the proper region for utilization by the root. stems. either upright or pointing somewhat backwards. young tops. These give way to the familiar 'fairy clock'.
The leaves are arranged in a rosette pattern. deeply jagged margins. each with a single seed. meadows and on waste ground. almost throughout the year. dandelion develops a round cluster of achenes. though not occurring in the Southern Hemisphere. Dandelion blossoms are singular and round.5 ft (45. or seed cases. Densleonis. Linn. and reach as deep as 1. and familiar to nearly everyone.is a corruption of the French Dent de Lion. After flowering. is at home in all parts of the north temperate zone. with compact golden-yellow petals.3 cm) tall. as a food. Young Dandelion leaves are used as a food in salads or cooked as greens.5 ft (45. The root has a long history of use as an herbal remedy. and is so plentiful that farmers everywhere find it a troublesome weed. it may be found in bloom. Leontodon taraxacum. it yields this purple hue. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. Desf. form the characteristic puffball. and may grow to 1. feathery tuft to carry it on the breeze. in pastures. They have alovely magenta tint that extends up along the inner rib of the stalkless leaf. naturalized in temperate regions throughout the world. When the plant is used as a dye. The dark green dandelion leaves. leafless flower stems that contain a bitter milky-white liquid also found in the root and leaves.
. As many as 200 of these narrow seed cases.2ndash. and all are beneficial. This sunloving beauty is a native of Greece. and consequently also prolifically dispersing its seeds. The root has numerous hairy rootlets. Each achene is topped with a white.7 cm) in loose soil. and in beverages. for though its flowers are more conspicuous in the earlier months of the summer.20. Distribution and cultivation:Dandelion
The Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale. Weber. near or far To dream of Dandelion was though to bring ill fortune When a ripened dandelion head falls without the wind's help it is a sign of rain Origin:Dandelion
Dandelion is a weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae.). Imaginative Sign of Tradition from Dadelion: Some quaint traditions are:
To blow the seeds off a ripened head is to carry your thoughts to a loved one. Dandelion's nutritive and medicinal qualities have been known for centuries.7 cm) in length. The golden blossoms yield a pale yellow dye for wool. Dandelion is a hardy herb and will regrow from root parts left in the ground during harvest. have a distinctive hairless mid-rib. Dandelion's tap root may grow fat. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is native to Greece. They bloom from early spring until well into autumn atop hollow stalks that may reach from 4¨C8 in (10. Leontodon. The perennial dandelion grows freely wherever it can find a bit of earth and a place in the sun. with their irregular. Dandelion may be distinguished from other similar-looking herbs by the hollow. but also in nearly all the languages of Europe. an equivalent of this name being found not only in its former specific Latin name Dens leonis and in the Greek name for the genus to which Linnaeus assigned it. There are about 100 species of dandelion. T.
and the dried root of dandelion is listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP). Its botanical name Taraxacum comes from the Greek taraxos. bitterwort. In this country. priest's crown. as the herb. Dandelion held a place in the United States National Formulary from 1888 until 1965. mongolium Hand. Fl¨¹ckiger and Hanbury in Pharmacographia. who was so much impressed by the virtues of the plant that he likened it to Dens leonis. hollow stem. puffball. Another possible derivation is from the Persian tark hashgun. Some authorities have suggested that the yellow flowers might be compared to the golden teeth of the heraldic lion. swine snort. and is still extensively employed.' there is a monograph of half a page (unaccompanied by any illustration) which concludes: 'The Herb was much employed by Master Wilhelmus. leaves that may be nearly smooth-margined. The fruit is a ballshaped cluster of many small. The bitter young leaves are used in salads. as there is really no similarity between them. The Chinese use mainly T. who on account of its
. meaning disorder. dried in the sun and used when fresh or when raw.
Archeology and Name Origin of Dandelion:
Name Origin: Dandelion's common name is derived from the French dent de lion. There is some doubt. however. and akos. 'remedy' and the name Dandelion comes from the French dent-de-lion. but the leaves may perhaps be said to resemble the angular jaw of a lion fully supplied with teeth. or deeply cut. Dandelion has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant. which refers to the toothed shape of the leaves. 'to stir up or exciten. a surgeon. under the name of Taraxcacon. lion's tooth. a smooth. History: The first mention of Dandelion as a medicine is in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries and in Welsh medicines of the thirteenth century. The generic name is thought to be derived from the Greek words taraxos. say that the name was conferred by Wilhelm. There are numerous folk names for this widely-used herb. Mazz. The herb uses the whole plant with roots. Dandelion was much valued as a medicine in the times of Gerard and Parkinson. a surgeon. a deep taproot. doonheadclock. The most familiar species is T. and the roots can be used to make a coffee-like beverage. and akos. The specific designation officinale indicates that this herb was officially listed as a medicinal. Harvested in summer and autumn. clock flower. under 'Dens Leonis. fortune-teller. a reference to the irregular and jagged margins of the lance-shaped leaves. The first mention of the Dandelion as a medicine is in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries. officinale. while others say that the whiteness of the root is the feature which provides the resemblance. who speak of it as a sort of wild Endive. one of dandelion's common names. They include pissabed. In the Ortus Sanitatis. meaning wild endive. Irish daisy. it is widespreaded throughout much of the temperate regions around the globe. tufted.Native to Eurasia. meaning remedy. wild endive. 1485. toothed. and cankerwort. disorder'. yellow gowan. blow ball. one-seeded fruits. and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of ray flowers (no disk flowers). it is washed clean. but other plants of the same genus are also used. we find allusion to it in the Welsh medicines of the thirteenth century. as to whether it was really the shape of the leaves that provided the original notion.
breast problems and liver diseases. in allusion to the medicinal effects of the plant. polysaccharides. Its main use as an ergogenic aid is as a diuretic (to decrease water retention). This strap-shaped corolla is notched at the edge into five teeth. copper.' There are many varieties of Dandelion leaves.' In the pictures of the old herbals. in others the segments or lobes form a much less conspicuous feature. but a small succession of bloom is also kept up until late autumn. It often is combined with other diuretic agents (such as horsetail extract) to magnify results. as only the herb was used at that time. fluid retention. because not only does it flower most in spring. when the bees' harvest from fruit trees is nearly over. happens to be a very nutritious food and has been used for medicinal purposes since the 10th century. the leaves very much resemble a lion's tooth. C.
Dandelion extracts? Phytochemicals of Dandelion:
What it does: Dandelion extract has been used for generations as a medicine for conditions such as fevers. is derived from the Greek taraxos (disorder). genannt zu latin Dens leonis" (a lion's tooth. and which when it comes into contact with the hand. The Dandelion takes an important place among honey-producing plants. a bitter. among whom the bee takes first rank. a bitter principle. the enemy of suburban lawns. and carotene. D. and are sometimes almost entire. turns to a brown stain that is rather difficult to remove.insulin. Each bloom is made up of numerous strapshaped florets of a bright golden yellow. which is present throughout the plant.potassium. and the presence of which provides the incentive for the visits of many insects. The name of the genus. and lower down is narrowed into a claw-like tube. A possible alternative derivation of Taraxacum is suggested in The Treasury of Botany: 'The generic name is possibly derived from the Greek taraxo ("I have excited" or "caused") and achos (pain). smooth and hollow and bear single heads of flowers. zinc. and B complex as well as iron. Taraxacum. milky juice exudes from the broken edges of the stem.virtues.manganese. tannin. likened it to "eynem lewen zan. On picking the flowers. and akos (remedy). are leafless. thus delaying the need for feeding the colonies of bees with artificial food. for instance. the one in Brunfels' Contrafayt Kreuterbuch. Dandelion. chlorine. boron. It is also important from the beekeeper's point of view. no matter how cool the weather may be. In this tiny tube is a copious supply of nectar. magnesium. which rests on the singlechambered ovary containing a single ovule. called in Latin Dens leonis). purplish flower-stalks rise straight from the root. which more than half fills it. a latex-like substance. 1532. Dandelion Nutritional Content:Dandelion contains lactupicrine. The leaves contain substantial levels of vitamins A. The root is not illustrated at all in the old herbals. The substances eudesmanolide and germacranolide are the active constituents in dandelion and are unique to this plant. each tooth representing a petal. so that it is a source of honey after the main flowers have ceased to bloom. some are deeply cut into segments. The shining. diarrhea.
. on account of the curative action of the plant. and silicon. calcium. as it furnishes considerable quantities of both pollen and nectar in the early spring.
6 mEq/100 mg leaf).potash.phytosterols. tannins. triterpenes (beta-amyrin. and manganese. Dadelion contains:calcium salts. magnesium.vitamin B.iron.tetrahydroridentin B. C.000 IU/100 g in carrots).The leaves contains bitter sesquiterpene lactones such as taraxinic acids and inulin.uncrystalizable sugar (early in the season). Naturally rich in potassium and lecithin. Reports are available evaluating fructofuranosidases from dandelion roots.potassium (vital to proper kidney function and muscle tone). taraxol and taraxerol).000 units per 100 grams of carrots). potassium.Laevulin(early in the season). palmitic acids.zinc. from which vitamin A is created (14.000 IU/100 g leaf vs.potassium salts.Inulin.choline(for cholesterol distribution). pectin.For example.000 units per 100 grams of leaves. terpenoids.Phytochemicals of Dandelion Herb:
Dandelions are one of nature's richest green vegetable sources of beta-carotene. carotenoids. vitamins. potassium (297 mg or 7. Other acids found are gallic and ascorbic acids. thiamine and riboflavin. Sesquiterpene lactones(bitters). taraxasterol. Dandelion's active phytochemicals are found in both the roots and leaves. carbohydrates (including inulin. sterols (Beta-sitosterol. carotenoids (including lutein and violaxanthin).taraxinic acid 1¡ä-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside and furan fatty acid content. pectin. gum.Taraxacin. p-hydroxyphenyl-acetic. choline.
. Chemical Constituents: Bitter glycosides. Vitamins A.
choline.manganese. Constituents in Different Parts:
Leaf: bitter glycosides. vitamin D.gluten. triterpenes (including taraxol and taraxsterol). choline. Sodium and vitamins C and D are also present.the leaves also contain substantial amounts of Vitamin A(14.Different compounds may be present in different products depending on extraction methods. resin.silicon. sesquiterpenes (responsible for the bitter taste). vitamin A. and the fatty acids linoleic and linolenic. glutin. chlorogenic.vitamin C. glucose). iron. phosphorus. phenolic acids. 11. up to 40% in autumn. terpenoids.sodium.gum. oleic. The sesquiterpene lactones found in both leaves and root have demonstrated diuretic effects. potassium salts. crystalline bitter substance Vitamines:vitamins A (contains more than carrots).Taraxaceron. Acids:Dandelions contain acids including caffeic. They are also a very good source of fiber. sucrose.vitamin D. volatile oil. Other reported constituents in dandelion include choline. stigmasterol. asparagine. Root: bitter glycosides (taraxacin). D (the vitamin A content is higher than that of carrots). Generally. sugars). acrid resin. homotaraxasterol) coumestrol and sugars (fructose.magnesium. luteolin and the glycoside apigenin.sulphur. iron and other minerals.They also stimulate bile flow from the liver.compared with 11. Terpenoids:The plant also contains terpenoids. 2% in spring.various B vitamins.Potassium is present in the level at 297 mg per 100 grams of levels. the alcoholic extracts stimulate bile excretion whereas the aqueous extracts have no such effects. taraxinic acid (taraxacin). inulin.vitamin C. B. calcium.
beta-amyrin. triterpenes. taraxacoside (an acylated [[gamma]]-butyrolactone glycoside) & at least 4 others of the eudesmanolide. Dandelion Juice was the favourite preparation both in official and domestic medicine. the bitter soluble principle. and that as it contains about 25 per cent insoluble Inulin. are made from the bruised fresh root. but early in the year contains much uncrystallizable sugar and laevulin. The Extract prepared from the fresh root is sometimes almost devoid of bitterness. the aqueous solution will be clear and yield but very little sediment on standing. calcium. The leaves are a richer source of Vitamins A than carrots and contain some amounts of B. On account of the variability of the constituents of the plant according to the time of year when gathered. directed that in England the root should be collected between September and February. tannins. but that as in the latter month it would generally be inconvenient for digging it. Compositae). which is only slightly soluble in cold water. when the yield of Taraxacin. and inulin. which differs from Inulin in being soluble in cold water. transparent solid. The root contains bitter glycosides. Bentley. the Juice (Succus Taraxaci) and the Extract (Extractum Taraxaci). This diminishes in quantity during the summer and becomes Inulin in the autumn. germacranolide & tetragydroridentin types Triterpenes. with Inulin (a sort of sugar which replaces starch in many of the Dandelion family. sodium.Constituents:
Sesquiterpene lactones. In former days. an acrid resin. betasitosterol Phenolic acids. bitter substance. Provincial druggists sent their collectors for the roots and expressed the juice while these were quite fresh. the resulting product yields a turbid solution with water. phosphatidylcholine (Lecithin). is greatest. but in the dry root it occurs as an amorphodus. choline. therefore. glucans and mannans and inulin Carotenoids such as lutein and violaxanthin Dandelion is a source of potassium. Mixed Tocopherols (a Natural source of Vitamin E). taraxerol. stigmasterol. The root contains no starch. of which the yield varies in roots collected at different seasons. If gathered from roots collected in autumn. gluten. except for making Herb-Beer. Glycerol. There is a difference of opinion as to the best time for collecting the roots. The leaves are not often used. In the fresh root. it is to be preferred on this account to the spring root. The dried root alone was official in the United States Pharmacopoeia. 15% Grain Alcohol (left after extraction as a preservative). The British Pharmacopceia considers the autumn dug root more bitter than the spring root. because of the conversion of the Inulin into Laevulose and sugar at this active period of the plant's life. The chief constituents of Dandelion root are Taraxacin. The most active preparations of Dandelion. acrystalline. The root may contain as much as 24 per cent. less than 1% Gum Arabic and/or Sodium Caseinate (protein) as emulsifiers. contended that it is more bitter in March and most of all in July. caffeic acids and rho-hydroxyphenylacetic acids Polysaccharides. Triacetic Glycerol. it should be dug in the spring. it being considered to be in perfection for Extract making in the month of November. volatile oil. Root Extractives. but soluble in hot water. Many country druggists prided themselves on their Dandelion Juice. on the other hand. but a medicinal tincture is sometimes made from the entire plant gathered in the early summer. C and D. Dandelion Root Holistic Extract Containing: Water. [[psi]]-tarazasterol. gum and potash. and Taraxacerin. if from spring-collected roots. the Inulin is present in the cell-sap.taraxol. and it is. sterols.
. phosphorus and iron. It is made with proof spirit. the yield and composition of the extract are very variable. asparagin.
sodium (76 mg). coumarins (scopoletin and euculetin). phosphorus (66 mg). triterpenes (cycloartenol) and phytosterols (beta-sitoserol. The fresh root or its preparations are thought to be more potent than the dried root. gum and potash.26 mg). boils. pantothenic acid. which can result in increased fat deposition (although effects on metabolism aren't that great.about one pound or so in the short-term. violaxamthin and other carotenoids.13-dihydrotaraxinic acid glucoside. fats. But overall.slightly aperient. stomach and kidneys. sesquiterpene lactones of eudes-manolide type (tetrahydroridentin B and taraxacolide) and germacranolide type (taraxinic acid and 11. the benefits are modest. fevers. and minerals. Since diuretics do alter hormonal regulation and other bodily processes. B6. liver diseases. and kidney ailments. It can be used for gout. magnesium. protein (2. taraxerol.The verdict: Several research studies have shown that dandelion extract does help to reduce fluid retention. Dandelion leaves contain: leutin. lactupicrine.
Traditional and Contemporary Use:
Both dandelion leaf and root have been used for centuries to treat liver. inositol. fluid retention. take three capsules three times daily. Dandelion roots include: inulin (approx. the plant contains mannite or mannitol. hepatitis. Digestive and hepatic tonic. They are also considered mildly laxative. PABA. 73 mg leaves). fats (0. potash. manganese.13-dihydrotaraxinic acid. In final analysis. chromium.detoxifier. B12.laxative. taraxasterol. boils. at best. sesquiterpene lactones (germacramolides taraxinic acid glucoside and 11.preferably with food. weak digestion.cholagogue. and digestive ailments (a bitter tonic in atonic dyspepsia.(2-7) In the spring. sulphur. iron. riboflavin (0. stigmasterol and campesterol). gall bladder. choline. phosphorus. either). This contains biotin.diuretic. heartburn. cirrhosis. pancreas. homotaraxasterol). rheumatism. fluid retention. niacin. there also is a question as to whether the herb might cause side effects. protein. and as a mild laxative in habitual constipation. C. beta-amyrin.19 mg). triterpenes (taraxol.) Recommendation:As an addition to the daily diet. cramps. B1. the actual amount of water loss is slight . phytosterols (stigmasterol. 25% variable throughout year). Dandelion root is recommended for the liver.1 mg). and the prospect of side-effects raises sends up a red flag. anemia. thiamine (0. liver congestion. bitter tasting subtances)glutin. vitamins A. dandelion extract might have some marginal utility if you are competing in a fitness show or need to drop a little water for a certain occasion. diarrhea. inulin.Also used for the treatment of cardiac and hepatogenous edema (dropsy and ascites respectively). betasitosterol). constipation and breast tumors.increases bile production and improves the function of the spleen. and various skin and breast problems. potassium (297 mg).
. The leaves have traditionally been used as a diuretic.(4%) Dandelion contains (per 100 gm): Vitamin A (8400 IU). What's more. and rheumatism.Dandelion root also purifies the blood. B2. Further research is needed to clarify this issue. linolenic acid. especially potassium. However. appendicitis.7 g) and iron (3. Vitamin C (35 mg root. eye problems. E and zinc. niacin and choline. the studies suggest that it also causes a corresponding decrease in metabolic rate.7 g). gallbladder inflammation and gallstones. phenolic acids (caffeic and p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid). calcium. calcium (187 mg).
refreshing the skin. consisting of therapeutic doses of dandelion preparations taken over time. General use of Dandelion:
Dandelion has a long history of folk use. dried and minced. and is a good remedy for gall bladder problems as well. It is prominent in Gerard`s Herbal (1597) appearing throughout herbals from the 16th to 18th centuries. carotenoids. This plant produces a mild diuretic effect and reduces serum cholesterol levels. kidneys. Dandelion's strongest influence is on the liver and kidneys. taken as a tea. Dandelion provides several B vitamins along with vitamins C and E as well as vitamin P. with iron. Chemical constituents in the leaf include bitter glycosides. triterpenes. phosphorus. choline. and other minerals. and spleen.Folklore:
Being a general stimulant and alterative. volatile oil. bee stings. Dandelion leaf is also a good natural source of potassium. stomach. Some modern naturopathic
. It cleanses the bloodstream and increases bile production. as a mild laxative. It has also been used as a high nutrient food. The native people soon recognized the value of the herb and sought it out for its medical and nutritious benefits. Dandelion therapy. asparagin. Its application is very broad but dermatological. The entire plant is important as a general tonic. niacin. Dandelion appears in the ethnobotanical literature of over a dozen North American Indian tribes. The root. to increase appetite and promote digestion. a root decoction. sterols. or sores. The dried leaf. and will replenish any potassium that may be lost due to the herb's diuretic action on the kidneys. and inulin. or a tincture. Dandelion was used by Arabian physicians in the 10th-11th centuries. The herb is also a boon to such other internal organs as the pancreas. terpenoids. sometimes combined with roasted acorns and rye. analgesic and gastrointestinal problems seem to be prominent uses. Dandelion leaves are commonly recommended as a food supplement for pregnant and postmenopausal women because of the numerous nutrients they contain. potassium salts. choline. proteins. The herb is useful in cases of anemia and hepatitis. Fresh leaves may be added to salads or cooked as a potherb. The latex is excellent for getting rid of warts (apply 3 times daily for seven days). and may lower elevated blood pressure. Dandelion root is used to improve appetite and minor digestive problems. a juice extraction. useful even in such extreme cases as cirrhosis. It is considered one of the strongest cholagogues of all botanicals. and zinc. The juice extracted from the stem and leaf is the most potent part of the plant for medicinal purposes. Dandelion may also provide relief for rheumatism and arthritis. magnesium. Eclectics of the 1800's and the early 1900's also listed Dandelion as a major herb. applied in cases of dyspepsia. may help reduce stiffness and increase mobility in situations of chronic degenerative joint disease. tannins. particularly as a liver tonic. The root also has bitter glycosides. can used as a coffee substitute. is used as a mild laxative to relieve constipation. This genus has been listed in Chinese medicine since the Tang Materia Medica (659 AD). iron. Dandelion is a nutritive herb rich in potassium. Early colonists brought the herb to North America. It has had a significant history of use in Ayurvedic medicine also. Many herbalists regard the dandelion as an effective treatment for liver disease. calicum. even as far afield as the Aleuts of Alaska. boron. silicon. It may be taken as an infusion of the leaf. and lecithin. It was mentioned in Welsh herbals in the 13th century. It has been used to eradicate warts and soothe calluses. Infusions of dandelion blossoms have been used as a beautifying facial. This characteristic makes dandelion a safe diuretic in cases of water retention due to heart problems.
Due to this possible ability to increase water elimination from the body. and remedy for rheumatism. insomnia. stimulant. Dandelion root encourages steady elimination of toxins. leaves. high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in laboratory rats with artificiallyinduced diabetes. and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) while increasing the blood cholesterol. Dandelion cleanses the bloodstream and increases bile production. to prevent or lower high blood pressure. Dandelion also treats arthritic
. It shows proven value as a diuretic. cancer. As a medicinal plant. In folk medicine. results are inconclusive for its actual effect on blood sugar. diabetes.Liver and gallbladder problems. the kidneys and the gallbladder to accelerate the removal of toxins from the body. Dandelion is extremely versatile. and root extracts are ingested for its diuretic properties. diuretic. In one study. as the whole plant can be used for medicinal purposes as well as for culinary uses. but in the past. and detoxicant. Dandelion leaves contain significant amounts of potassium.Indigestion. to relieve the pain of endometriosis. dandelion has been considered to be an aperient. A separate study found that an extract of dandelion lowered triglycerides. to stimulate bile production. They're used to stimulate stomach secretions and aid in digestion. even though dandelion leaves have also been used to stimulate the appetite and improve digestion.Urinary tract infections Current Uses of Dandelion:
Currently. dandelion has been tested for lowering both blood sugar and cholesterol levels. it has been used for treating bruises and other minor skin conditions. or any other condition. Dandelion juice once was quite popular as a diuretic.physicians believe that it can help detoxify the liver and gallbladder. and roots have been taken orally to treat a number of conditions that include arthritis. Dandelion is a natural diuretic that increases urine production by promoting the excretion of salts and water from the kidney. Currently. its flowers. topical use of dandelion is not common. however. It is believed by many experts to promote the flow of bile and stimulates the appetite. jaundice. In the past and in other parts of the world. heartburn and rheumatism. Other studies found no effect on blood sugar in either diabetic or non-diabetic animals. warts are sometimes treated with juice made by crushing the leaves of the dandelion plant. Some evidence from case reports suggests that the roots of dandelion may have weak diuretic and laxative properties ?which means that they may slightly increase the loss of urine and solid waste from the body. and constipation. Dandelion leaves are unique as a diuretic. Dandelion tea has been used against fever. flushing excess water from the body. dandelion root has been promoted for weight loss. In laboratory animals. rheumatism. when rabbits that were not diabetic were given dandelion. a mineral generally lost when using conventional medications. stomachic. dandelion is used very little in Western herbal medicine. high doses of dandelion leaf increased urination in laboratory mice. to treat liver disorders. The dandelion sap. however. high cholesterol. and is a good remedy for gall bladder problems. total cholesterol. In a study conducted more than 40 years ago. Although one laboratory study showed potential ability for dandelion to increase the production of insulin. No human studies have been conducted to either support or challenge any of these findings. laxative. eczema and other skin diseases. Fresh or dried dandelion herbs are also used as a mild appetite stimulant and to improve upset stomach. a slight decrease in blood sugar levels was seen.Kidney and bladder stones. Leaves are also used to treat high blood pressure because of their ability to reduce the volume of fluid in the body. liver ailments. gout. Dandelion is considered a remedy for the following conditions: Appetite loss. and to inhibit plaque buildup on teeth. to relieve constipation and control diarrhea. Much more study including studies in humans is needed before dandelion can be recommended for treating diabetes. leaves. tonic. It is an ideal diuretic for heart problems and hypertension (high blood pressure). It works on the liver.
4. being used to treat the liver to improve its function. For these dandelion can be used internally and topically.Stimulant:an agent that excites or quickens the functional activity of the tissues giving more energy. Its beneficial action is best obtained when combined with other agents. This is in contrast to orthodox diuretics. It is a general stimulant to the system. In women who are breastfeeding. swollen. In addition. especially in the liver.Astringent:a binding agent that contracts organic tissue. which balances their function as a powerful diuretic. 12. has been known to cure seemingly intractable cases of chronic liver congestion. one of the major chemicals in Dandelion. The root functions differently. A broth of Dandelion roots. 3. Dandelion leaves have diuretic and saluretic action better than the root. as well as the alterative properties European herbalists attribute to this
. Dandelion is said to afford very marked relief. 5. dandelion is used to promote lactation. and is chiefly used in kidney and liver disorders. sliced and stewed in boiling water with some leaves of Sorrel and the yolk of an egg. reducing secretions or discharges of mucous and fluid from the body. where there are red.Detergent:an agent that cleanses wounds and sores of diseased or dead matter. It is active against two tumor systems and stimulates macrophage action. 10. quite big doses of its preparations may be taken.
Medicinal Action and Function of Dandelion:
1. specifically for the liver. and as a mild laxative. sweet. but especially to the urinary organs. Even though this plant is extremely common and was once an official drug. and cold. Its detoxifying properties are thought to have a beneficial effect on removing the effects of pollution on the body. Inulin is also used to strengthen the kidneys and as a pancreatic aid.Cholagogue:an agent that increases the secretion and expulsion of urine.conditions. In Chinese usage. especially involving the breast and digestive system.(an ideally balanced diuretic that may be safely used with great frequency) 6. which include osteoarthritis and gout. useful with a diuretic. tonic and slightly aperient.Sudorific:an agent that promotes or increases perspiration.Diuretic. 11. Inulin. In the hepatic complaints of persons long resident in warm climates.Blood purifier:an agent to purify the blood. The Chinese properties are those of bitter. a gentle purgative. a mild purgative. In Chinese terms dandelion resolves painful urinary ailments. which need a potassium supplement to balance the requirements of the body.Stomachic:an agent that strengthens. dandelion is indicated for heat disorders. Some studies have indicated a hypoglycemic effect of Dandelion. Mode of Action:Mechanism or How Dandelion Works in the Body?
The leaves contain a high amount of potassium. 7. as well as a mild laxative. stimulates or tones the stomach.Anti-rheumatic:eases the symptoms of rheumatism.Aperient:a mild stimulant for the bowels. little information is available on its mode of action. 8.laxative:an agent promoting evacuation of the bowels. Not being poisonous. 2.This may explain the Chinese use of Dandelion for breast cancer over thousands of years. and painful eyes. 9. is currently being studied extensively for its immunostimulatory function (see Echinacea). Dandelion root is known to be an excellent blood cleanser. Dandelion is not only official but is used in many patent medicines.Tonic:an agent that strengthens or invigorates organs or the entire organism. They also deliver a good supply of potassium. Both leaf and root act as a tonic to the gallbladder. the Chinese use it where there are firm or hard abscesses. and for damp-heat jaundice. taken daily for some months.
The root nutritionally supports gall-bladder and liver function and enhances the flow of bile. rich in vitamins A and C and minerals. it acts as a tonic and stimulant and is helpful for: 8. resolves masses and induces diuresis to relieve strangury (slow and painful discharge of urine). animals fed dandelions lost up to 30% of their weight. so are given for acne and eczema. The leaf nutritionally supports kidney function. treating urinary disorders and fluid retention without depleting body potassium as much as other diuretics. the buds are pickled. Dandelion root benefits all functions of the liver and especially affects all forms of secretion and excretion from the body. it is related to the liver and stomach channels.protect brain and good for Nervous System Conditions:hypochondria. The leaves are a powerful diuretic. 5. The roots yeild a magenta dye.The flowers are made into wine.herb. Dandelion has a long tradition of being used for rheumatic conditions and to reduceinflamations. They detoxify the blood. The latex has also been shown to be very effective for removing warts and is presently under study for its effects on eczema and psoriasis. dandelion might help. The Chinese use the seeds as a strong antibiotic in the cases of lung infections.. cold in nature.promotes healthy circulation
Internally and Externally use of Dandelion:
Dandelion use Tips in brief:
1. and the leaves.The latex is known to be phototoxic with a weak antibiotic effect against Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae..to remove excess water from the body in edemous conditions resulting from liver and/or gallbladder problems 3. Properties: Bitter and sweet in flavor. Try some before your period and see if it works for you. good remedy to make phoromene.act as Secretion Stimulator. 7. The white sap treats warts and corns.Premenstrual Syndrome: Animal studies show that dandelion does have diuretic action.Help Protect liver. By acting to remove poisons from the body. high-fiber diet and regular aerobic excercise. The roots reduces inflammation and is an important liver stimulant used for jaundice. but authorities do not recommend diuretics for permanent weight control. and rheumatic joints. 6. Diuretics may help releive the bloated feeling of premenstual syndrome. relieves boils.High Blood Pressure: Physicians often prescribe diuretics to treat high blood pressure.Weight Loss: In one study. are eaten in salads.insomnia 10. Bitter sesquiterpenes increase bile secretions in rats by more than 40%.
Some particularly important uses of Dandelion:
1.brightens the eyes
.Blood Conditions:purifies the blood 9.. Functions: Clears away heat. 4.Cardiovascular Conditions:healthy function of the heart muscle. They advocate a lowfat. gallstones. Use dandelion in consultation with your physician. removes toxic substances.to promote the formation of bile 2. High blood pressure is a serious condition requiring professional treatment.
great burdock achene (Fructus Arctii). etc. It is of wonderful help in cachexia. (D) Pulmonary abscess with pus in sputum: Used with houttuynia. common reed rhizome (Rhizoma Phargmitis).g. being equivalent to frusemide. The dried herb contains significant amounts of potassium. 2. This common herb hath many virtues. (B) Acute mastitis: This herb can be decocted alone until thick for oral ingestion or the fresh herb can be blended into juice for drinking. (F) Snake bite: The fresh herb is applied onto the affected part. gout and eczema. such as jaundice. A Dandelion coffee made from the roasted roots is available from health stores. which people on long-term diuretic therapy need. e. For treating strangury due to heat and jaundice due to damp-heat: (A) Strangury due to heat: Used with cogongrass Rhizome (Rhizoma Imperatae). which is why the French and Dutch eat them so often in the spring. but powerful remedy. etc. The leaves are particularly strong. acute mastitis (inflammation of the mammary gland) and abscess of internal organs: (A) Skin and external diseases: Used with such herbs as mother chrysanthemum (Flos Chrysanthemi Indici). etc. It also procures rest and sleep in those with fever. Classical Applications:
1. The distilled water can be drunk in pestilential fever and he used as a wash for the sores. Modern uses: Bile production by the liver and urinary output from the kidneys is increased with the use of this herb. (B) Jaundice due to damp-heat: Used with capillary artemisia (Herba Artemisiae
. have a safe. a drug used to treat hypertension.helps itchy.1 oz (28 g) of the root is boiled in 2 pt (1. clean young leaves can be added to salads in spring. Wuwei Xiaodu Yin.helps eczema 4. honeysuckle flower (Flos Lonicerae). etc. It openeth the passages of the urine both in young and old and will cleanse ulcers in the urinary tract. etc. tree peony root-bark. therefore. with its residue to be applied onto the affected part. A fluid extract is available from herbalists and the recommended dose is between one and two teaspoonfuls three times a day.2. It can also be used together with such herbs as Mongolian snake gourd (Fructus Trichosanthis).helps clear skin eruptions 3. so as to enhance the effects of inducing diuresis and relieving strangury. The dose is two to four teaspoonfuls three or four times a day. The fresh. Modern herbalists. peach kernels.For treating carbuncles and furuncles.. etc. For this purpose the decoction of the roots or leaves in white wine. scaly rashes 5.. (C) Abdominal pain: Used with rhubarb root (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei). it is superior to many produced synthetically by pharmaceutical companies. loosestrife (Herba Lysimachiae). honeysuckle flower (Flos Lonicerae).clears yellow skin Medicinal virtues: It has an opening and cleansing quality and. the severe wasting condition in severe illness. due to stasis or congestion in the blood vessels serving the liver. (E) Sore throat: Used with dyers woad root (Radix Isatidis). or the leaves used as pot herbs are very effectual.1 l) of water until the mixture is reduced to 1 pt (568 rnl). particularly chronic disorders like rheumatisrn. Chinese waxgourd seed. very effectual for removing obstructions of the liver. therefore. Asiatic plantain seed (Semen Plantaginis). The diuretic effect of Dandelion is helpful in the treatment of a number of other conditions. As a diuretic. hepatogenic dropsy and water retention. Chinese violet (Herba Violae). not only for hypertension but also for cardiac oedema.. The dried root taken in the form of a decoction is a powerful liver tonic . gall bladder and spleen and diseases arising from them. Zhejiang figwort root (Radix Scrophularias).
this herb can clear heat from the liver and improve eyesight. Fluid retention due to heart problems. spleen. and cirrhosis of the liver Maximize the performance of the kidneys. Gallstones.urinary infections. Stimulates sluggish digestion..
. Liver problems. Decrease the amounts of serum cholesterol and uric acid Detoxifies poisons that have accumulated in the liver. Beneficial to menopausal women Chronic rheumatism.
Common uses and application of Dandelion root:
Acne (good when combined with Stinging Nettle).g. skullcap root (Radix Scutellariae). bitter. Gentle diuretic Habitual constipation. Inhibits the hepatitis virus. Premenstrual syndrome. Hepatic complaints in warm climates.Inflammatory Conditions. Dandelion leaves can be used for:stiff joints Dadelion Stems are used for:Glandular swellings. Improves appetite. Purify the bloodstream and liver. pancreas. Yiwei Pugongying Tang in the book 'Records of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Combination. Disorders of the spleen. Genitourinary Conditions:reduces uric acid. anemia.Scopariae). etc. cholagogue. Fever.Glandular Conditions. rhubarb rhizome (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei). Jaundice. and gall bladder. and stomach Metabolic disturbances. A slimming device. hepatic.It is effective in treating abscesses. Improves digestion. Premenstrual fluid retention.Arthritis. and it can stimulate the manufacture of bile Reduces cholesterol. anti-rheumatic. boils. e. tonic. spleen. gardenia fruit (Fructus Gardeniae).Liver Conditions.' It can be used in compound preparations with chrysanthemum. Gout. Clears obstructions in the liver and kidneys(such as stones). It can be used alone by dripping its juice into the eyes or decocting it alone until thick for oral ingestion. Cholesterol distribution. Female Conditions. selfheal spica (Spica Prunellae). Miscellaneous: In addition. Dyspepsia with constipation. 3. Viral Conditions. etc. Gastrointestinal Conditions. Actions in Brief:Diuretic. so it is used to treat conjunctivitis caused by the flaming-up of liver-fire. laxative. breast tumors.
Bladder infection and premenstrual syndrome (PMS). which cause a loss of potassium. bladder. ounce for ounce. high blood pressure.:
Unlike many conventional diuretics. The leaf of the plant is a powerful diuretic and a delicious salad green in the spring. Antineoplastic:Antitumor
In vitro data: Like many herbal extracts. Herbalists have used dandelion for generations to treat anemia due to deficiencies of folic acid. stomach. low blood pressure. Human data:There are no studies in humans evaluating dandelion's effect on bile production or excretion. iron. gall bladder. scurvy.:
Rich iron content makes it useful for treating anemia. all liver problems. A very nutritive herb with medicinal benefits of stimulating the liver and kidneys while absorbing toxins and soothing the digestive tract. By increasing potassium levels. manganese. bowels. Abundant in calcium. leg cramps.dandelion has demonstrated antitumor effects in vitro.and vitamin B12. C. asthma. Antimicrobial:Antiviral
In vitro data: Like many herbal extracts. selenium and silicon with some B-complex. dandelion helps to relieve fluid retention in premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and counteract urine retention in bladder infections.giving dogs a decoction of fresh dandelion root doubled their bile output.type 1(HHV1) in vitro. acne. is a rich source of iron and vitamins. Because of its diuretic effect. dandelion aids in alleviating muscle spasms and nighttime leg cramps.
. iron. skin diseases. Dandelion Root Indications: eczema (combine with Chickweed). contains more carotene than carrots. psoriasis. Moderate amounts of phosphorus. Cholagogue:Dandelion has long been used to stimulate bile secretion.Dandelion Root is also higher in beta carotene than what is found in carrots. mental fatigue. and warts. potassium. Using the herb as a diuretic results in a net gain of this vital mineral. aging. low endurance. spleen. diabetes. Anemia. rheumatism. and. jaundice. and E.In French studies. sodium and vitamins A. dandelion leaves are rich in potassium.dandelion leaf extracts increased bile secretion by 40% in rats. liver problems.
Animal data: In German studies. hypoglycemia. anemia.Dandelion contains high levels of potassium.dandelion demonstrated antiviral effects against human herpes virus.
Dandelion should be avoided. Diabetes:Endocrine:Dandelion is a traditional European remedy for Type II diabetes. and indigestion.has been used to treat high blood pressure.In both normal mice and those with experimentally-induced diabetes. It increases bile production and stimulates its flow to the gallbladder.plants with strong bitter flavors
have been regarded as digestion and appetite enhancers.but not those with experimentally induced diabetes.
Animal data:Dandelion roots in doses of 500 mg per kg body weight exerted moderate hypoglycemic effects in normal rabbits.One animal study indicated a greater diuretic effect achieved from herbal extracts than root extracts and compared the effects of a 50 mL/kg body weight dose (2 g dried herb/kg) to the effects achieved with 80 mg/kg of furosemide. Digestive aid and appetite stimulant: Historically. including Equisetum and Juniper berry.dandelion-containing herbal combinations led to significant histologic improvement(based on English abstracts). if you have gallstones.dandelion extracts exerted no significant effect on blood sugar levels. hemorrhoids. likely a result of sesquiterpene lactone activity and high potassium content.This diuretic effect.gastric metaplasia and hyperplasia.These same sesquiterpene lactones may contribute to dandelion's
. contains nutritive salts to build up the blood. Dandelion root has a significant cleansing effect on the liver by stimulating the production of bile. It also has properties that can detoxify the body and purify the blood.A later report observed no significant diuretic activity from the plant. Animal data: In two Chinese studies of animals with gastric ulcers. The polysaccharide insulin found in this root is respected for its white blood cell and immune-boosting properties. Diuretic:Animal data
Diuretic effects of dandelion extracts have been documented in mice.Constipation. where it also causes contractions and the release of bile from there. Increasing the release of bile also relieves constipation without causing diarrhea and stops spasms of the bile duct. Dandelion Root has a mild laxative effect. since increasing the flow of bile could increase pressure against the stones. however. milky juice that is thought to be capable of energizing the body. Bitters of all types activate a reflex that increases the secretion of digestive juices by the lining of the stomach. Dandelion Root (Taraxacum officinale) A blood purifier used for liver and kidney disorders. Detoxify the body and Purify the blood:
Dandelion root contains a bitter.This study also reported the effects of dandelion to be greater than other plant diuretics. which ultimately results in increased transport of a variety of potentially noxious compounds to the stool.:
German research has shown that dandelion root is a mild bitter. or appetite stimulant.
While pharmaceutical diuretics tend to deplete the system of potassium. and it is widely used as a mild laxative as well.diarrhea and intestinal cramping in 96% of patients. largely because of it high potassium content. This quality makes the plant useful in restoring balance after severe vomiting.demonstrated mild anti-inflammatory activity. the mineral's abundance in dandelion root ensures that the body will not suffer the side effect of potassium loss from the use of dandelion as a diuretic. Immune modulation:Immunostimulant
Animal data: In Chinese studies of mice with immunosuppression secondary to scald burns. It is restorative to the liver and helps reduce the risk of developing gallstones.an herbal combination containing dandelion improved constipation. Liver problems and gallstones.dandelion and five other herbs enhanced several measures of immune functioning. In addition to potassium. Excellent diuretic and mild laxative:
In India.:Liver and gall bladder disorders
The bitter principles in dandelion increase bile production and bile flow in the liver. This herbal combination also improved regularity.:
Bulgarian studies of a five-herb combination including dandelion found that more than 95 percent of IBS sufferers were pain-free after fifteen days of treatment. It is considered an excellent diuretic. Irritable bowel syndrome (IRS).A Chinese case series reported that a herbal combination including dandelion was helpful in treating 96 adults with chronic hepatitis B infection. Dandelion root can also help neutralize acids in the blood. Hepatitis B treatment:
The Chinese have relied on an herbal combination including dandelion in the treatment of hepatitis B infections. This makes it useful for people with sluggish liver function due to alcohol abuse or poor diet. Laxative:
Dandelion's historical use as a gentle laxative has not been thoroughly evaluated in modern studies.In a case series of 24 adults suffering from chronic colitis. dandelion root also contains high levels of sodium that help to balance electrolytes in the blood. dandelion root is used as a remedy for liver disorders. but you should
.there are no in vitro or animal data to evaluate this use.
In addition. empyema or ileus. non-diabetic rabbits with a maximum decrease in blood glucose achieved at a dose of 2 g/kg. Osteoporosis. Also. It is also a rich source of calcium and a fair source of silicon. and it is an excellent tonic for the endocrine system.These lactones also increase gastric secretions that can cause gastric discomfort. It may also help the liver regulate blood sugars to avoid hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Animal data:Increases of bile secretion in rats (40% or more) have been attributed to activity of bitter sesquiterpene lactones in the root. People with liver ailments.It has greater diuretic effects than other herbs such as equisetum and juniper berry.dandelion leaf extracts had diuretic effects as potent as furosemide. which some studies suggest helps strengthen bone. Dandelion root also aids digestion. It may aid gallbladder ailments and help "dissolve" gallstones. Dandelion is effective as a detoxifying herb. the increase in bile flow stimulated by dandelion helps to improve fat metabolism in the body. it is generally contraindicated in bile duct obstruction. Human data: There are no studies evaluating the diuretic effects of dandelion leaves or roots in humans or comparing it to standard diuretic medications. reported to have antidiabetic activity.Inulin.The maximum effect of dandelion was reported to be 65% of the effect produced by tolbutamide 500 mg/kg.avoid it if you already have gallstones.The diuretic effect accounted for 100% of the weight loss found in these animal studies. such as jaundice and cirrhosis. may contribute to dandelion's glucose regulating properties. Overweight.:
Dandelion is a rich source of boron.However. dandelion is used to lower cholesterol and uric acid levels in the body. In one laboratory study. Regulation of blood glucose. can take dandelion root to help induce the flow of bile from the liver. corns and acne. animals that were given daily doses of dandelion extract for a month lost up to 30 percent of their body mass. dandelion should only be used for gallstones under a physician's direction. blisters. The juice in the stem and root of dandelion can be used as an astringent to dry up warts. Dandelion reduces water weight through its diuretic effect. frequently an immediate cause of binge eating.:
Animal data:Hypoglycemic effects have been demonstrated in healthy. and in turn helps preserve bone. helping to detoxify the body. which helps to raise estrogen levels in the blood.Another report found no effect on glucose homeostasis in mice.:
European herbalists frequently prescribe dandelion tinctures as a weight-loss aid. Renal and electrolyte balance.
. working primarily on the liver and gallbladder to remove waste.:Diuretic
Animal data: In rats and mice.
In vitro antitumor activity with a mechanism similar to that of lentinan (a tumor polysaccharide) has been reported. Make with freshly dried leaves. Leaves Tincture:Often added to remedies for a failing heart to ensure adequate potassium intake. Actions: Leaf: gentle diuretic. Root Tincture:Use the fresh root for toxic conditions such as gout. Taraxacum is one of the best natural sources of potassium and therefore is a perfectly balanced and safe diuretic. The sesquiterpene lactones may produce the choleretic action. are contained in the leaves and appear to be unique to dandelion. digestive and hepatic tonic. It also has similar actions to the root. or acne. the drugs will produce irritability of the heart muscle. Leaves Fresh:Add to spring salads as a cleansing remedy. cholagogue. particularly the root. jaundice. A high level of potassium is particularly desirable when digitalis heart drugs are being prescribed. because if potassium levels fall.skin and mucus membranes:Wart remedy
direct application of dandelion juice to the lesion is a popular wart remedy which has not undergone thorough scientific evaluation. congestive dyspepsia with constipation and other toxic conditions such as chronic joint and skin inflammations. Its action comparable to the drug Frusemide. atonic dyspepsia with constipation Therapeutics and Pharmacology: Taraxacum leaf is a very potent diuretic and is an excellent remedy for water retention and oedema. or hepatogenous oedema (ascites). and stimulates bile
. choleretic. Root: cholecystitis.but is probably a safe and effective as most other home remedies for warts. Leaves Infusion:A less effective diuretic than the juice. The root contains bitter substances which are beneficial to the digestive process and also have an aperient effect. especially where worsened by the presence of oliguria. which is found in the whole herb. which aggravates any existing cardiovascular problem. Luckily. Take up to 20 ml juice. The active principle is taraxacin. diuretic. previously known as taraxacin which have recently been identified as eudesmanolides.Taraxacum species have been used in China for over 1100 years in treating breast cancer and other breast ailments. Taraxacum leaf may be applied to urinary disorders in general.The bitter principles. Root Decoction:Use for the same conditions as the tincture. Also prescribed as a liver stimulant in liver disorders and related constipation. It can be applied to gallstones. cholecystitis.:
Use for dyspeptic disorders may be attributed to the anti-ulcer and gastric antisecretory activity of taraxerol. particularly when it is of cardiac origin. oliguria. Other uses.Clinical studies using Chinese Taraxacum species also support the use of dandelion to treat hepatitis as well as various respiratory infections. mild laxative. Also use as a gentle liver and digestive stimulant. one of the terpenoid alcohols also found in the root. antirheumatic Indications: Leaf: oedema. three times a day. Root: Bitter.Dandelion is also considered an appetite-stimulating bitter. the infusion makes a cleansing remedy for toxic conditions including gout and eczema. gall-stones. hepatic and post-hepatic jaundice. but to a lesser extent. Taraxacum root is a gentle liver tonic and may be used to treat inflammation and congestion of the liver and gall bladder. eczema. Leaves Juice:Puree the leaves when a diuretic action is needed. The usual effect of a drug which stimulates kidney function is a loss of potassium from the body.
they usually eliminate potassium as well. so it is often used for hypertension. requiring another prescription for potassium. Combinations: Taraxacum may be combined with Berberis and/or Chelone in gall bladder disease. Dandelion root extract also helps normalize kidney function and fluid balance.were featured in two articles in the Dec. and helpful in reducing serious cholesterol and uric acid. an ACE inhibitor costs about $470 a year. liver cleanse. water retention. Prescription diuretics like Lasix (furosemide) or Bumex are often the first choice of doctors in treating high blood pressure.000-patient mortality study conducted by NIH's National Heart. weight gain. and determined that diuretics are the best first option for people suffering from high-blood pressure. Getting rid of excess salt and fluid helps lower blood pressure and can makes it easier for your heart to pump. Dandelion as Herbal Diuretic for High Blood Pressure:Compare to Prescription
diuretics Dandelion Root . 2002 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Lung. 18. The white sap may be applied directly to warts. while a calcium channel blocker such as Novarsc costs about $724 a year. It is a very effective natural diuretic (water pill) rich in potassium and a good source of plant protein.a 5-year. Unfortunately. stimulates bile flow. There has been a loud uproar from the medical profession in regards to this opinion. The study known as the Allhat study indicated that patients on diuretics had better blood pressure control. Dandelion is high in the natural good salts the body must have for proper function. In Europe. It is is helpful for edema swollen ankles and feet . acne and inflammation. It lowers high blood pressure as a water pill for swollen ankles and feet. Dandelion is used in treating diabetes.herbal diuretic for hypertension. A diuretic costs as little as $36-$96 annually. gall stones & PMS. with Chamaemelum in anorexia and stomach complaints and with Agropyron or Achillea for water retention. which are earlier medications than the ACE inhibitors cost between $240-$667 per year. Dandelion is a superior blood purifier for the entire body.
Take Method and Dosage of Dandelion related products:
. A benefit of dandelion root extract is that it replaces potassium lost through urination instead of depleting potassium like most diuretic drugs. The study further determined that those patients who were on calcium channel-blockers had little. fewer strokes and less congestive heart failure than did the other patients who were not on diuretics. or were helped in the prevention of heart-related deaths. Beta-blockers.and high blood pressure.secretion. and Blood Institute -. The study has lasted for 10 years. to no benefit in lessening the number of heart attacks. Dandelion is an herbal diuretic containing potassium. Dandelion helps to relieve many menstrual (PMS) problems such as bloating. and detoxifies poisons from the liver (cleansing) which is important for proper liver function. swollen breasts. The results of the ALLHAT Hypertension Study -. It can be very helpful by reducing stiffness in the joints. and Accupril. 42. Dandelion Root is beneficial for liver problems.
Fresh leaf juice: 1 tsp(4~8 ml) twice daily. Most herbal dosages for adults are calculated on the basis of a 150 lb (70 kg) adult. per pint (1 cup) Fluid extract BP: 1/2-2 drams (1. the appropriate dose of dandelion for this child would be 1/3 of the adult dosage. Doses may also vary according to the type and severity of the conditioned treated and individual patient conditions. Dandelion may be used in a variety of available forms. if the child weighs 50 lb (20 to 25 kg). Due to its bitter taste. Therefore.Reputable physicians and herbalists recommend a range of doses: Fresh leaves:4~10 grams daily. Adult doses:
There is disagreement on the optimal form and dose of dandelion. adjust the recommended adult dose to account for the child's weight. 2-3 times daily. instead -.8 . Some experts recommend the alcohol-based tincture because the bitter principles are more soluble in alcohol. Unsweetened dandelion tea may be cooled and applied as a skin wash. Dried leaves:4~10 grams daily.either in water or alone.Pediatric:To improve digestion. 3-5 grams of the dried root or 5-10 ml of a tincture made from the root can be used three times per day. Dandelion is frequently taken three times a day.2 ml) Solid extract BP: 5-15 grains Juice BP: 1-2 drams (3. Dried dandelion is brewed into a tea by soaking one or 2 teaspoons of dried dandelion in about 8 ounces of hot water. or 5-10 ml of fresh juice from the leaves or 2-5 ml of tincture made from the leaves can be used three times per day. Usually. Typical Dosage:
Provision of dosage information dose NOT constitute a recommendation or endorsement. dandelion is available as dried flowers and leaves or as a liquid extract made from the whole dandelion plant. One or 2 teaspoons of dandelion extract can be taken orally. Dried leaf infusion: 4 to 10 g three times a day Dried root decoction: 2 to 8 g three times a day Herb (stems and leaves): 4 to 10 g three times a day Leaf tincture (1:5) in 30% alcohol: 100 to 150 drops three times a day Powdered extract (4:1) leaf: 500 mg one to three times a day Powdered extract (4:1) root: 500 mg one to three times a day Powdered extract (10:1) root: 250 mg one to three times a day Root tincture (1:2) fresh root in 45% alcohol: 100 to 150 drops three times a day Capsules: 1-2. 4-10 grams of dried dandelion's leaves can be added to 250 ml (1 cup) of boiling water and drunk as a decoction.7.
.2 ml) As a general liver/gallbladder tonic and to stimulate digestion. Infusion: 1 oz.but rather indicates the range of doses commonly used in herbal practice.6 .7. dandelion tea is usually sweetened or flavored before drinking. Dandelion juice may be made by chopping or crushing the tops of the plants and then squeezing the juice into a clean container. Doses are given for single herb use and must be adjusted when using herbs in combinations. As a mild diuretic or appetite stimulant. Either dandelion tea or juice may be applied as often as needed.
Ginger root.Waterlex. 1/2 oz. Use in a sluggish state of the liver. Parsley root. Shepherd's Purse.Herbal diuretic complex. 1 OZ. then add 1 OZ. bring to a boil again. Tea: Pour 2 cups boiling water over one of fresh leaves and steep for 10 minutes. boil down to half the quantity. three times a day. strain. of freshly-sliced Dandelion root. and add 1 OZ. Add 3 pints of water.Uvacin.Uva ursi complex.cut root for 15 minutes.Chol-Grandelat. 1 1/2 pint water.Cholongal. 1 OZ. Cinnamon bark. 1 OZ. Gently boil in 3 pints of water down to 1 1/2 pint. Senna leaves.Kneipp LowenzahnPflanzensaft. Dandelion root.Bio0Garten Tee. 1/2 oz. Caraway seed. 1/2 oz. Boil in gredients for 10 minutes. Dose. Dried powdered extract:250~1000 mg three to four times daily. Mountain Flax. from 2 to 4 OZ. Ginger root. 1/2 oz. For Gall Stones:1 OZ. 1/2 oz. Dandelion root. strain and take a wineglassful every two hours.Aristochol N. Broom tops. Fresh roots: 2~8 grams daily. Simmer the whole in 3 pints of water down to 1 1/2 pint. strain and take a wineglassful after meals for biliousness and dizziness. Proprietary names:
Cholaktol TR.Fluid extract: 1~2 teaspoons daily.boil 1 cup of water with 2~3 tsp of dried.Berberis complex. 1/2 OZ.Cool. Black Horehound herb. of Dandelion in a pint of boiling water for 10 minutes. of compound tincture of Horseradish. and give frequently in teaspoonful doses. put on one side to cool. Celandine ointment to be applied at same time. sugar in hot liquid. and is also much approved of in the treatment of dropsy.Cholonsom. and boil in 2 pints of water until it comes to 1 pint.Galleb S. 1/2 OZ. Polypody root. Place in 2 quarts of water and gently simmer down to 1 quart. 1 OZ.Galleb forte. 1/4 oz. Balm herb. Dose.Phytomed Hepato. Dandelion root. 1 OZ. a wineglassful three times a day.Fluid Loss. Multi-ingreidient preparations containing dandelion:
Agnuchol. Long-leaved Plantain.Stomach mixture. Liquorice root. dissolve 1/2 lb. The use of this tea is efficacious in bilious affections. A Liver and Kidney Mixture:1 OZ.Agrimonas. For a young child suffering from jaundice: 1 OZ. then strain and adda small quantity of cayenne. Juniper berries. 1/4 OZ. decant. 1/2 OZ. sweeten with honey.Helalixier. 1 tablespoonful. and drink several glasses in the course of the day.
. 1/2 oz. Or take 2 OZ.Justogen mono. Dandelion root.Gallexier. A Medicine for Piles:1 OZ. of tincture of Rhubarb.Hepafungin. Dose. Dandelion root. Or.Taraleon.
Dosage of Dandelion Tea:
Infuse 1 OZ. skim all impurities that come to the surface when clear. strain. Sweet Flag root. Or 1 OZ.
potentially interfering with the acid-blocking actions of histamine-2 receptor blockers. It is not known whether Taraxacum officinale. or common dandelion. If dandelion is taken by mouth. Interaction with Prescription Drugs:
Because dandelion may have a lowering effect on blood sugar. Table A France . a medication commonly used to treat manic depression.Commission E . omeprazole (Prilosec). you should not use dandelion preparations without first talking to your healthcare provider.March 1996
Interactions.1984 PDR for Herbal Medicine . As a precaution. and Protonix. Martindale UK .Accepted for specific indications No 90/22 German .Side Effects and Precautions of Dandelion:
If you are currently being treated with any of the following medications. should talk to their doctors or pharmacists before using dandelion. Quinolone: One species of dandelion. may decrease the absorption of quinolone antibiotics (such as ciprofloxacin. Prevacid. such as cimetidine (Tagamet). should discuss the use of dandelion with a doctor or pharmacist before beginning to take it. would interact with these antibiotics in the same way. Schedule 1. dandelion should not be taken at the same time as these antibiotics.p. and ranitidine (Zantac) and proton pump inhibitors such as Nexium. Interaction with Non-prescription Drugs:
. taking it may increase the effectiveness of medications used for the treatment of diabetes. Dandelion possible diuretic effect could increase the effectiveness of ater pills? Individuals who take diuretic drugs. ofloxacin. Individuals who are using insulin or taking oral medications for diabetes. and levofloxacin) from the digestive tract. it may increase the production of stomach acid.Official Regulations and
Medical References: British Pharmaceutical Codex 1934 U.S. Lithium: Animal studies suggest that dandelion may worsen the side effects associated with lithium.General Sales List. famotidine (Pepcid). Antibiotics. Taraxacum mongolicum. also called Chinese dandelion.P. nizatidine (Axid). 1174 ESCOP .
Caution: Taraxacum is contraindicated where there is occlusion of the bile ducts or gall bladder empyema. tea. When handled. If you are taking diuretic drugs. insulin. In at least one study conducted in animals. the chemicals in dandelion may cause skin irritation in individuals who are sensitive to it. you should avoid this herb. especially treatment with
. taking dandelion at the same time as other herbs (such as squill and yarrow) that also promote the loss of water from the body may possibly result in dehydration. reacted not only to dandelion extracts. but using it in moderate amounts is generally considered to be safe. Interaction with Herbal Products:
Although no cases have been reported. Possible Side Effects:
Because dandelion can increase the production of stomach acid. but several human case reports of more serious contact dermatitis from handling dandelion plants have been published. or itchy patches) may occur after coming in contact with a dandelion plant. or medications that reduce blood-sugar levels. Dandelion may cause increased stomach acidity and ulcer pain. you should use dandelion only under a physician's supervision. If you have gallstones or biliary tract obstructions. Dandelion should not be used as a substitute for pharmaceutical diuretics for hypertension.The possibility that dandelion can increase the production of stomach acid could interfere with the effectiveness of antacids and over-the-counter medications such as Pepcid AC and Zantac AR.A case report of a 9-year-old boy describes positive patch test reactions to dandelion and other compositae-plant oleo resins. Dandelion can be taken in tablet. Adverse Reactions:
Like many plants in this family. raw.Taraxinic acid 1¡ä-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside has also been identified as an allergenic component. Skin irritation (red. or tincture form. such as chamomile and yarrow. should use dandelion with caution Dandelion also should be avoided during antibiotic treatment. but to a sesquiterpene mix. each with histories of dandelion dermatitis. upset stomach is the most reported side effect when dandelion is taken orally. People with known allergies to related plants. dandelion was found to be mildly irritating to skin. Individuals who are sensitive to plants in the daisy family may also be sensitive to dandelion. dandelions are known to cause contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals.These sesquiterpene lactones are believed to be the allergenic principles in dandelion.Two out of seven patients. Precautions:
The safety of oral dandelion preparations for pregnant or breast-feeding women has not been studied.
1. It was unclear as to which constituents were responsible. magnesium and other minerals. they should also check their blood sugar levels carefully to make sure they do not develop hypoglycemia.Dandelion may be potentially toxic because of the high content of potassium.lactation and/or childhood: Unknown. 1996.ciprofloxacin (Cipro).140. If individuals with diabetes use it orally. Risks:Because it may increase the flow of bile. norfloxacin (Noroxin). diminishing their ability to fight infection.Carcinogenesis was not observed in rats whose diet contained up to 33% dandelion for several months. gallbladder disease.8 g/kg and for herb are 28. or bile duct obstruction.Khan QM. NY: DK Publishing.Dandelion extract.Khaliq T.
. since it may keep concentrations of these antibiotics from peaking in the bloodstream. Safety during pregnancy. Acute toxicity:Aside from acute allergic reactions. Limitations during other illnesses or in patients with specific organ dysfunction:Unknown.taraxinic acid appears to be the most allergic component of the plant. Reference:Chevallier A.8 g/kg.Effects of Portulaca oleracae (Kulfa) and Taraxacum officinale (Dhudhal) in normoglycaemic and alloxan-treated hyperglycaemic rabbits.Doses of up to 6 grams per body weight administered daily for seven days to rabbits did not result in measurable toxicity.35:207-10.no acute toxicity has been observed. Chronic toxicity:None reported. Allergic reactions and contact dermatitis to dandelion have been reported. Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants . and enoxacin (Penetrex). dandelion should not be used by individuals with gallstones.Dandelion is one of several vegetables that demonstrate antimutagenic effects. Reference:Akhtar MS. ofloxacin (Floxin). A case report describes toxicity in a patient taking an herbal combination tablet that included dandelion. New York. Toxicology:
Acute toxicity of dandelion is low. LD 50 values in mice for the root are 36.herbalists traditionally recommend that dandelion be avoided by patients with biliary occlusion.JPMA J Pak Med Assoc 1985.acute cholecystitis and ileus.Dandelion and Taraxacum officinale. lomefloxacin (Maxaquin).No adverse effects have been reported when taken in doses usually consumed as food.
please note that some info may be outdated by more recent scientific developments.And so scene painting (skiagraphia) in its exploitation of this weakness of four nature falls nothing short of witchcraft (thaumatopoia).it based solely on the traditional and historic use or legend of a given herb from the garden of Adonis. Although every effort has been made to ensure its accurate..The Ingredients:Phantasms..the technique of imitation.Plato's Pharmacy. Jacques Derrida.(Republic X....cf.thaumaturgical:.138cf.along with the production of the simulacrum. for use in maintenance and promotion good health in cooperation with a common knowledge base reference.and the same things appear bent and straight to those who view them in water and out.or concave and convex..as one might be tempted retrospectively to interpret it.. Pharmakon Warning: The order of knowledge is not the transparent order of forms and ideas.)..has always been in Plato's eyes manifestly magical..also 607c).
.. it is the antidote.Furthermore.owing to similar errors of vision about colors. and so do jugglery and many other such contrivances....II.(Dissemination. and there is obviously every confusion of this sort in our souls..Festivals.Claims & Warning:
Claims: Information this web site presented is meant for Nutritional Benefit and as an educational starting point only.602c-d. And as it happens.and Paints..