# MEKELLE UNIVERSITY ETHIOPIAN INSTITUE OF TECHNOLOGY_MEKELLE DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

ENGINEERING MECHANICS II (DYNAMICS)-ASSIGNMENT 1 1. From approximately what floor of a building must a car be droped from rest position so that it reaches a speed of 80.7m/s when it hits the ground? Each floor is 12m higher than the one below it. 2. The acceletration of a particle along a straight line is defined by a=(2t-9)m/s2, where t is in seconds. At t=0, s=1m and v=10m/s. When t=9sec, determine a) the particles position b) the total distance travelled c) the velocity 3. Particles A and B are travelling around a circular truck at a speed of 8m/s at the instant shown. If the speed of B is increased by 4m/s2 and at the same instant A has an increase in speed of 0.8tm/s2. Determine a) how long it takes for a collision to occur b) What is the magnitude of the acceleration of each particle just before the collision occurs?

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where k is a positive constant and v is the speed in m/s. determine the acceleration of A and the rate at which the speed B is changing. For the instant represented. If the upon impact with the ground. while the acceleration when the ball is moving . the y-acceleration of a baseball moving vertically upward is downward is . If the acceleration of B as observed from A is zero for this instant. compute its maximum height h and its speed constant. car A has an acceleration in the direction of its motion. 2 . 5. When the effect of aerodynamic drag is included.002m-1 and assume that g is ball is thrown upward at 100m/s from essentially ground level.4. and car B has a speed of 45km/hr which is increasing. Take k to be 0.

3 . Its distance in meters measured along the slot is given by s=t2/4.6. Calculate the velocity and acceleration of pin A when x=6m. The particle is at A when t=2s and at B when t=2. determine a) The magnitudes of the average acceleration of P between A and B b) Express the acceleration as a vector using unit vectors i and j 7. For a certain interval of motion the pin A is forced to move in the fixed parabolic slot by the horizontal slotted arm which is elevated in the y-direction at the constant rate of 3m/sec. All measurements are in meters and seconds. A portion of which shown. The particle P moves along the curved slot. where t is in seconds.2s.

Electrons are emitted at A with a velocity u at an angle  in to the space between two charged plates. When in the position shown at t=0.8. car B has a speed of 25km/hr and accelerates at constant rate of along its path until it reaches a speed of 65km/hr. after which it travels at that constant speed. The field produces an acceleration of the electrons in the E direction eE/m. What is the steady-state position of car A with respect to B? 4 . where e is the electron charge and m is its mass. Car A travels at a constant speed of 65km/hr. 9. Determine the field strength E which will permit the electrons to cross one half of the gap between the plates also find the distance s. The electric field between the plates is in the direction of E and repels the electrons approaching the upper plates.

A rocket travelling above the atmosphere at an altitude of 500km would have a freefall acceleration g=8.8m/s2 tangent to its trajectory. (a) Determine the acceleration and velocity of the airplane relative to the skydiver (b) Determine the time rate of change of the speed Vr of the airplane and the radius of curvature ρr of its path. thrust. a skydiver B is in the position shown and has reached a terminal(constant) speed VB=50m/s. 11. which makes an angle of 300 with the vertical at the instant considered. The airplane has the same constant speed VA=50m/s. both as observed by the non rotating skydiver. Because of trajectory and the rate at which v is changing with time. and after a period of level flight.43m/s2 in the absence of forces other than gravitational acceleration component.10. If the velocity v of the rocket is 30 000km/hr at this position compute the radius of curvature ρ of the 5 . it begins to follow the circular path shown of radius ρA=2000m. the rocket has an additional acceleration component a1 of 8. At certain instant after jumping from the airplane A. however.

and the angle θ. determine the magnitudes of the grips velocity and acceleration when t= 3sec 13. the boom length l. The arm of the robot has a fixed length so that r= 3m and its grip A moves along the path Z= (3sin 4θ) m. 14. Assume that the cable supporting A remains vertical. determine the upward component(VA)y of the velocity of A in terms of b .12. If θ= (0. where t is in seconds.5t) rad. The small block P starts from rest at time t=0 at point A and moves up the incline with a constant acceleration a. If load B has a downward velocity VB. determine and  as a function of time. where θ is in radians. 6 .

If the end of the cable at A is pulled down with a speed of 2m/s. determine the speed at which block E rises. 7 .15.