Publication 1212

Cat. No. 61273T Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service

Contents
Important Change .............................. Important Reminder ........................... 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 12 15 16 17 20 58

List of Original Issue Discount Instruments
For use in preparing

Introduction ........................................ Information in the OID List ............... Debt Instruments Not on the OID List ................................................ Information for Brokers and Other Middlemen .................................... Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity ................................ Long-Term Debt Instruments .......... Certificates of Deposit .................... Bearer Bonds and Coupons ........... Backup Withholding ........................ Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments .................................. Definitions ....................................... Form 1099–OID .............................. How To Report OID ........................ Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments .............................. Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons ................................... How To Get Tax Help ......................... Explanation of Section I Column Headings ...................................... Section I–A: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued Before 1985 Section I–B: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 .. Section I–C: Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments .................................. Section II: Stripped Components of U.S. Treasury and Government-Sponsored Enterprises ................................... Section III–A: Short-Term U.S. Treasury Bills .............................. Section III–B: Student Loan Marketing Association ................ Section III–C: Federal Home Loan Banks ............................................ Section III–D: Federal National Mortgage Association ................. Section III–E: Federal Farm Credit Banks ............................................ Section III–F: Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ................ Section III–G: Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation ................

2000

Returns

59 61 63 68 74 79 84 89

Important Change
Photographs of missing children. The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear

in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1–800–THE–LOST (1–800–843– 5678) if you recognize a child.

OID Publication Project W:CAR:MP:FP:P Room 5607 Internal Revenue Service 1111 Constitution Ave. NW Washington, D.C. 20224 REMIC and CDO information reporting requirements. Brokers and other middlemen must follow special information reporting requirements for real estate mortgage investment (REMIC) regular and collateralized debt obligations (CDO) interests. The rules are explained in Publication 938, Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits (REMICs) Reporting Information. You can download Publication 938 from our web site at www.irs.gov. Go to the Forms and Publications page and select Forms and Publications by Date or Forms and Publications by Number. Then select Publication 938 from the list. Holders of interests in REMICs and CDOs should see chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information on REMICs and CDOs. Comments and suggestions. We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. You can e-mail us while visiting our web site at www.irs.gov/help/email2.html. You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Technical Publications Branch W:CAR:MP:FP:P 1111 Constitution Ave. NW Washington, DC 20224 We respond to many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence.

Information in the OID List
The list has the following sections. Section I. This section contains publicly offered, long-term debt instruments. Section I–A lists corporate debt instruments issued before 1985. Section I–B lists debt instruments issued after 1984. Section I–C lists inflation-indexed debt instruments issued after January 5, 1997. For each publicly offered debt instrument in Section I, the list contains the following information.

Important Reminder
OID list no longer on electronic bulletin board (IRP-BBS). The original issue discount (OID) list at the end of this publication is no longer available on the electronic bulletin board. You can now download it with the rest of Publication 1212 from our web site at www.irs.gov. Go to the Forms and Publications page and select Forms and Publications by Date or Forms and Publications by Number. Then select Publication 1212 from the list. Also, be sure to select “SGML Text.”

• • • • •

The name of the issuer. The CUSIP number. The issue date. The maturity date. The issue price expressed as a percent of principal or of stated redemption price at maturity. rate. (This rate is shown as 0.00 if no annual interest payments are provided.)

• The annual stated or coupon interest

Introduction
This publication has two purposes. Its primary purpose is to help brokers and other middlemen identify publicly offered original issue discount (OID) debt instruments they may hold as nominees for the true owners, so they can file Forms 1099–OID or Forms 1099–INT as required. The other purpose of the publication is to help owners of publicly offered OID debt instruments determine how much OID to report on their income tax return. This publication contains a list of publicly offered OID debt instruments. The information on this list comes from the issuers of the debt instruments and from financial publications and is updated annually. (However, see Debt Instruments Not on the OID List, later.) Brokers and other middlemen can rely on this list to determine, for information reporting purposes, whether a debt instrument was issued at a discount and the OID to be reported on information returns. However, because the information in the list has generally not been verified by the IRS as correct, the following tax matters are subject to change upon examination by the IRS.

• The total OID up to January 1, 2000.
(This information is not available for every instrument.)

• For long-term instruments issued after
July 1, 1982, the daily OID for the accrual periods falling in calendar years 2000 and 2001.

• The total OID per $1,000 of principal or
maturity value for calendar years 2000 and 2001. See Table 1 on the page preceding Section I-A for an explanation of these items. Section II. This section contains stripped obligations available through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. This section also includes instruments backed by U.S. Treasury securities that represent ownership interests in those securities. The obligations listed in Section II are arranged by maturity date. The amounts listed are the total OID for calendar year 2000 per $1,000 of redemption price. Section III. This section contains short-term discount obligations. Section III–A lists Treasury bills (T-bills), which are short-term discount obligations issued by the U.S. Treasury Department. Sections III–B through III–G contain short-term discount obligations issued by the Student Loan Marketing Association, Federal Home Loan Banks, the Federal National Mortgage Association, Federal Farm Credit Banks, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, and the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. The short-term obligations listed in this section are arranged by maturity date. For each obligation, the list contains the CUSIP number, maturity date, issue date, issue price (expressed as a percent of principal), and discount to be reported as interest for calendar year 2000 per $1,000 of redemption price. Brokers and other middlemen should rely on the issue price information in Section III only

Useful Items
You may want to see: Publication 515 Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Corporations Investment Income and Expenses Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits (REMICs) Reporting Information

550 938

• The OID reported by owners of a debt
instrument on their income tax returns.

Form (and Instructions) W–8 Certificate of Foreign Status Schedule B (Form 1040) Interest and Ordinary Dividends Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 1096 Annual Summary and Transmittal of U.S. Information Returns 1099–B Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions 1099–INT Interest Income 1099–OID Original Issue Discount See How To Get Tax Help near the end of the text for information about getting publications and forms.

• The issuer's classification of an instrument as debt for federal income tax purposes. Instructions for issuers of OID debt instruments. Issuers of the types of publicly offered OID debt instruments listed in this publication must, within 30 days after the issue date, report information about the instruments to the IRS on Form 8281, Information Return for Publicly Offered Original Issue Discount Instruments. See the form instructions for more information. Issuers should report errors in and omissions from the list in writing at the following address: Page 2

if they are unable to determine the price actually paid by the owner. Brokers and other middlemen can rely TIP on the information in the OID list to prepare information returns for 2000. However, if you own a listed debt instrument, you should not rely on this information to determine (or compare) the OID to be reported on your tax return. The OID amounts listed are figured without reference to the price or date at which you acquired the debt instrument. For information about determining the OID to be reported on your tax return, see the instructions for figuring OID under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later.

Information for Brokers and Other Middlemen
The following discussions contain specific instructions for brokers and middlemen who hold or redeem a debt instrument for the owner. In general, you must file a Form 1099 for the debt instrument if the interest or OID to be included in the owner's income for 2000 totals $10 or more. You also must file a Form 1099 if you were required to deduct and withhold tax, even if the interest or OID is less than $10. See Backup Withholding, later. If you must file a Form 1099, furnish a copy to the owner of the debt instrument by January 31, 2001. By February 28, 2001, (April 2, 2001, if you file electronically), file all your Forms 1099 with the IRS accompanied by Form 1096. For more information, including penalties for failure to file (or furnish) required information returns or statements, see the Instructions for Form 1099, 1098, 5498, and W-2G.

cent of principal) in Section III–A for a 52-week bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill redeemed. The interest you report is the discount (per $1,000 of principal) shown for that obligation.

Long-Term Debt Instruments
If you hold a long-term OID debt instrument as a nominee for the true owner, you generally must file Form 1099–OID. You can rely on Section I of the OID list to determine the following for information reporting purposes.

• Whether an instrument has OID. • The OID to be reported on the Form
1099–OID. In general, you must report OID on publicly offered, long-term debt instruments listed in Section I. You also may report OID on other long-term debt instruments. Form 1099–OID. Form 1099–OID for 2000 must show the following information.

Debt Instruments Not on the OID List
The list of debt instruments in this publication does not contain the following items.

• U.S. savings bonds. • Certificates of deposit and other faceamount certificates issued at a discount, including syndicated certificates of deposit.

• Box 1. The OID for the actual dates the

Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity
If you redeem a short-term discount obligation for the owner at maturity, you must report the discount as interest on Form 1099–INT. (If you sell the obligation for the owner before maturity, you must file Form 1099–B to reflect the gross proceeds to the seller. Do not report the accrued discount to the date of sale on either Form 1099–INT or Form 1099–OID.) When you redeem the obligation, use the purchase price shown on the owner's copy of the purchase confirmation receipt or similar record, or the price shown in your transaction records, to determine the discount to be reported on Form 1099–INT. If the owner's purchase price cannot be determined, report the discount as if the owner had purchased the obligation at its original issue price. A special rule is used to determine the original issue price for information reporting on U.S. Treasury bills listed in Section III–A. Under this rule, you prepare Form 1099–INT by using the noncompetitive (weighted average of accepted auction bids) discount price for the longest-maturity Treasury bill maturing on that date. This noncompetitive discount price is the issue price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III–A. A similar rule applies to the short-term discount obligations issued by the organizations listed in Section III–B through Section III–G. Information that supplements Section III–A is available on the Internet at www.publicdebt.treas.gov.

owner held the instruments during 2000. To determine the OID to report, see Figuring OID, next.

• Box 2. The qualified stated interest paid
or credited during the calendar year. Interest reported here is not reported on Form 1099–INT. The qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-indexed securities may be reported in box 3 of Form 1099–INT instead.

• Obligations issued by tax-exempt organizations.

• OID debt instruments that matured or
were entirely called by the issuer before 2000.

• Box 3. Any interest or principal forfeited
because of an early withdrawal that the owner can deduct from gross income. Do not reduce the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 by the forfeiture.

• Mortgage-backed securities and mortgage participation certificates.

• Long-term OID debt instruments issued
before May 28, 1969.

• Box 4. Any backup withholding for this
instrument.

• Short-term obligations, other than the
obligations listed in Section III.

• Box 5. The CUSIP number, if any. If there
is no CUSIP number, give a description of the instrument, including the abbreviation for the stock exchange, the abbreviation used by the stock exchange for the issuer, the coupon rate, and the year of maturity (e.g., NYSE XYZ 12.50 2001). If the issuer of the instrument is other than the payer, show the name of the issuer in this box.

• Original issue U.S. Treasury notes and
bonds, other than Treasury inflationindexed securities listed in Section I-C. These debt instruments are direct obligations of the U.S. Government. Generally, they contain either de minimis or no discount at original issue. See U.S. Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for more information.

• Box 6. The OID on a U.S. Treasury obligation for the part of the year the owner held the instrument. Figuring OID. You can determine the OID on a long-term debt instrument by using either of the following.

• Debt instruments issued at a discount by
states or their political subdivisions. These debt instruments are not subject to the OID information reporting rules.

• REMIC regular interests and CDOs. • Commercial paper and banker's acceptances issued at a discount.

• Obligations issued at a discount by individuals.

• Section I of the OID list. • The Income Tax Regulations.
Using Section I. If the owner held the debt instrument for the entire calendar year, report the OID shown in Section I for the calendar year. Because OID is listed for each $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity, you must adjust the listed amount to reflect the instrument's actual stated redemption price at maturity. For example, if the instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is $500, report one-half the listed OID. Page 3

• Foreign obligations not traded in the
United States and obligations not issued in the United States. Example 1. There are 13-week, 26-week, and 52-week T-bills maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. The price actually paid by the owner cannot be established by owner or middleman records. You prepare Form 1099–INT using the noncompetitive discount price (expressed as a per-

• OID debt instruments for which no information was available or that were issued in late 2000 after publication of this list. These will be included in the next revision of the publication.

If the owner held the debt instrument for less than the entire calendar year, figure the OID to report as follows. 1) Look up the daily OID for the first 2000 accrual period during which the owner held the instrument. 2) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days in 2000 the owner held the instrument during that accrual period. 3) Repeat steps (1) and (2) for any remaining 2000 accrual periods during which the owner held the instrument. 4) Add the results in steps (2) and (3) to determine the owner's OID per $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity. 5) If necessary, adjust the OID to reflect the instrument's stated redemption price at maturity. Report the result in box 1 of Form 1099–OID. If you use Section I–C to figure the OID on an inflation-indexed debt instrument, you must attach the following statement to the Form 1099–OID you send to the payee.
“If you (the owner) purchased or sold an inflation-indexed debt instrument during the calendar year (other than a purchase at original issue), the OID reported to you may be incorrect. To determine the correct OID, see Publication 1212.”

“stripped” (separated) from the bond and separately purchased. However, if a long-term bearer bond on the OID list in this publication is presented to you for redemption upon call or maturity, you should prepare a Form 1099–OID showing the OID for that calendar year, as well as any coupon interest payments collected at the time of redemption.

Backup Withholding
If you report OID on Form 1099–OID or interest on Form 1099–INT, you may be required to apply backup withholding to the reportable payment at a 31% rate. The backup withholding tax is deducted at the time a cash payment is made. Backup withholding generally applies in the following situations. 1) The payee does not give you a taxpayer identification number (TIN). 2) The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. 3) The IRS notifies you that the payee is subject to backup withholding due to payee underreporting. 4) For debt instruments acquired after 1983: a) The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that he or she is not subject to backup withholding under (3). The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct.

Using the Income Tax Regulations. Instead of using Section I to figure OID, you can use the regulations under sections 1272 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. For example, under the regulations, you can use monthly accrual periods in figuring OID for a debt instrument issued after April 3, 1994, that provides for monthly payments. (If you use Section I–B, the OID is figured using 6–month accrual periods.) For a general explanation of the rules for figuring OID under the regulations, see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later.

Definitions) and OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the payment is made. If more than one cash payment is made during the year, the OID subject to withholding for the year must be allocated among the expected cash payments in the ratio that each bears to the total of the expected cash payments. For any payment, the required withholding is limited to the cash paid. Payee not the original owner. If the payee is not the original owner of the obligation, the OID subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the gross income of all owners during the calendar year (without regard to any amount paid by the new owner at the time of transfer). The amount subject to backup withholding at maturity of a listed obligation must be determined using the issue price shown in Section I. Long-term bearer obligations with cash payments. If a long-term bearer obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when the cash payments are made. For payments before maturity, the amount subject to withholding is the qualified stated interest (defined later under Definitions) includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year. For a payment at maturity, the amount subject to withholding is only the total of any qualified stated interest paid at maturity and the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. The required withholding at maturity is limited to the cash paid. Sales and redemptions. If you report the gross proceeds from a sale, exchange, or redemption of a debt instrument on Form 1099–B, you may be required to withhold 31% of the amount reported. Backup withholding applies in the following situations.

b)

However, for short-term discount obligations (other than government obligations), bearer bond coupons, and U.S. savings bonds, backup withholding applies only if the payee does not give you a TIN. Short-term obligations. Backup withholding applies to OID on a short-term obligation only when the OID is paid at maturity. However, backup withholding applies to any interest payable before maturity when the interest is paid or credited. If the owner of a short-term obligation at maturity is not the original owner and can establish the purchase price of the obligation, the amount subject to backup withholding must be determined by treating the purchase price as the issue price. However, you can choose to disregard that price if it would require significant manual intervention in the computer or recordkeeping system used for the obligation. If the purchase price of a listed obligation is not established or is disregarded, you must use the issue price shown in Section III. Long-term obligations. If no cash payments are made on a long-term obligation before maturity, backup withholding applies only at maturity. The amount subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. The amount to be withheld is limited to the cash paid. Long-term registered obligations with cash payments. If a long-term registered obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when a cash payment is made. The amount subject to backup withholding is the total of the qualified stated interest (defined later under

• The payee does not give you a TIN. • The IRS notifies you that the payee gave
an incorrect TIN.

• For debt instruments held in an account
opened after 1983, the payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. Payments outside the United States to U.S. person. The requirement for backup withholding and information reporting apply to payments of OID and interest made outside the United States to a U.S. person if you are a U.S. person, a controlled foreign corporation, or a foreign person at least 50% of whose income for the preceding 3-year period is effectively connected with the conduct of a U.S. trade or business. Payments to foreign person. The following discussions explain the rules for backup withholding and information reporting on payments to foreign persons. U.S.-source amount. Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of U.S.-source OID, interest, or proceeds from sale or redemption of an OID instrument if the payee has given you proof (generally a Form W–8 or an acceptable substitute) that the payee is a foreign person. A U.S. resident is not a foreign person. For proof of the payee's foreign status, you can rely on Form W–8 or on documentary evidence for payments made outside the United States to an offshore account or, in case of broker proceeds, a sale effected outside the

Certificates of Deposit
If you hold a bank certificate of deposit (CD) as a nominee, you must determine whether the CD has OID and the OID includible in the income of the owner. You must file an information return showing the reportable interest and OID, if any, on the CD. These rules apply whether or not you sold the CD to the owner. Report OID on a CD in the same way as OID on other debt instruments. See Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity and LongTerm Debt Instruments, earlier.

Bearer Bonds and Coupons
You should report the interest paid on a coupon from a bearer bond on a Form 1099–INT identifying the payees (unless the payee is a foreign person) if both the following apply.

• The coupon is presented to you for collection before the bond matures.

• You do not hold the bond as a nominee
for the true owner. Because you cannot assume the presenter of the coupon also owns the bond, you should not report OID on the bond on Form 1099–OID. The coupon may have been Page 4

United States. Form W–8 does not relieve you from information reporting and backup withholding if you actually know the payee is a U.S. person. For information about the 30% withholding tax that may apply to payments of U.S.-source OID or interest to foreign persons, see Publication 515. Foreign-source amount. Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of foreign-source OID and interest made outside the United States. However, if the payments are made inside the United States, the requirements for backup withholding and information reporting will apply unless the payee has given you a Form W–8 or acceptable substitute as proof that the payee is a foreign person. More information. See sections 35a.9999–3,–3A,–4T, and –5 of the regulations for more information about backup withholding and information reporting on foreign-source amounts or payments to foreign persons. The above regulations have been removed and the regulations under CAUTION sections 3406, 6045, and 6049 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to backup withholding and information reporting, have been amended, effective for payments made after 2000. See Treasury Decision 8734 (in Cumulative Bulletin 1997–2), as modified by Treasury Decision 8804 (in Internal Revenue Bulletin 1999–12) and Treasury Decision 8881 (in Internal Revenue Bulletin 2000–23).

See chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about the rules for these and other types of discounted instruments such as short-term and market discount obligations. Publication 550 also discusses rules for holders of REMIC interests and CDOs. De minimis rule. You can treat OID as zero if the total OID on a debt instrument is less than one-fourth of 1% (.0025) of the stated redemption price at maturity multiplied by the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity. Long-term instruments with de minimis OID are not listed in this publication. Example 2. You bought at issuance a 10-year bond with a stated redemption price at maturity of $1,000, issued at $980 with OID of $20. One-fourth of 1% of $1,000 (the stated redemption price) times 10 (the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity) equals $25. Under the de minimis rule, you can treat the OID as zero because the $20 discount is less than $25. Example 3. Assume the same facts as Example 2, except the bond was issued at $950. You must report part of the $50 OID each year because it is more than $25. Election to report all interest as OID. Generally, you can elect to treat all interest on a debt instrument acquired after April 3, 1994, as OID and include it in gross income by using the constant yield method. See Figuring OID using the constant yield method under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984, later, for more information. For purposes of this election, interest includes stated interest, acquisition discount, OID, de minimis OID, market discount, de minimis market discount, and unstated interest, as adjusted by any amortizable bond premium or acquisition premium. See section 1.1272–3 of the regulations for more information. Purchase after date of original issue. A debt instrument you purchased after the date of original issue may have premium, acquisition premium, or market discount. (These terms are defined later.) If so, the OID reported to you on Form 1099–OID may have to be adjusted. For more information, see Showing an OID adjustment under How To Report OID, later. Adjustment for premium. If your debt instrument (other than a contingent payment debt instrument or an inflation-indexed debt instrument) has premium, do not report any OID as ordinary income. Your adjustment is the total OID shown on your Form 1099–OID. Adjustment for acquisition premium. If your debt instrument has acquisition premium, reduce the OID you report. Your adjustment is the difference between the OID shown on your Form 1099–OID and the reduced OID amount figured using the rules explained later under Figuring OID on LongTerm Debt Instruments. Adjustment for market discount. If your debt instrument has market discount that you choose to include in income currently, increase the OID you report. Your adjustment is the accrued market discount for the year. See Market Discount Bonds in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information on how to figure accrued market discount and include it in your income currently, and for other information about market discount bonds. If you

elect to use the constant yield method to figure accrued market discount, also see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later. The constant yield method of figuring accrued OID, explained in those discussions under Figuring OID using the constant yield method, is also used to figure accrued market discount. Sale, exchange, or redemption. Generally, you treat your gain or loss from the sale, exchange, or redemption of a discounted bond or other debt instrument as a capital gain or loss if you held the bond as a capital asset. If you sold the bond through a broker, you should receive Form 1099–B or an equivalent statement from the broker. Use the Form 1099–B or other statement and your brokerage statements to complete Schedule D (Form 1040). Your gain or loss is the difference between the amount you realized on the sale, exchange, or redemption and your basis in the debt instrument. Your basis, generally, is your cost increased by the OID you have included in income each year you held it. To determine your gain or loss on a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. See chapter 4 of Publication 550 for more information about the tax treatment of the sale or redemption of discounted debt instruments. Example 4. On November 1, 1997, Larry, a calendar year taxpayer, bought a corporate bond at original issue for $86,235.17. The 15-year bond matures on October 31, 2012, at a stated redemption price of $100,000. The bond provides for semiannual payments of interest at 10%. Assume the bond is a capital asset in Larry's hands. The bond has $13,764.83 of OID ($100,000 stated redemption price at maturity less $86,235.17 issue price). On November 1, 2000, Larry sold the bond for $90,000. Including the OID he will report for the period he held the bond in 2000, Larry has included $1,214.48 of OID in income and has increased his basis by that amount to $87,449.65. Larry has realized a gain of $2,550.35. All of Larry's gain is capital gain.

!

Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments
This section is for persons who prepare their own tax returns. It discusses the income tax rules for computing and reporting OID on long-term debt instruments. It also includes a similar discussion for stripped bonds and coupons, such as zero coupon instruments available through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. However, the information provided does not cover every situation. More information can be found in the regulations under sections 1271 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. Reporting OID. Generally, you report OID as it accrues each year, whether or not you receive any payments from the bond issuer. Exceptions. The rules for reporting OID on long-term instruments do not apply to the following debt instruments.

Definitions
The following terms are used throughout this publication. For your convenience, “original issue discount” is defined first. The other terms are listed alphabetically. Original issue discount (OID). OID is a form of interest. It is the difference between the stated redemption price and the issue price. A debt instrument generally has OID when it is issued for a price less than its stated redemption price at maturity. All debt instruments that pay no interest before maturity (for example, zero coupon bonds) are presumed to be issued at a discount. Accrual period. An accrual period is an interval of time used to measure OID. The length of an accrual period can be six months, a year, or some other period, depending on when the debt instrument was issued. Acquisition premium. Acquisition premium is the difference between the adjusted basis and the adjusted issue price. A debt instruPage 5

• U.S. savings bonds. • Tax-exempt obligations. (However, see
Tax-Exempt Bonds and Coupons, later.)

• Obligations issued by individuals before
March 2, 1984.

• Loans of $10,000 or less between individuals who are not in the business of lending money. (The dollar limit includes outstanding prior loans by the lender to the borrower.) This exception does not apply if a principal purpose of the loan is to avoid any federal tax.

ment is purchased at an acquisition premium if both the following apply.

Form 1099–OID
The issuer of the debt instrument (or your broker, if you purchased or held the instrument through a broker) should give you a copy of Form 1099–OID, or a similar statement, if the accrued OID for the calendar year is $10 or more and the term of the instrument is more than one year. Form 1099–OID shows all OID income in box 1 except OID on a U.S. Treasury obligation, which is shown in box 6. It also shows, in box 2, any qualified stated interest you must include in income. (However, any qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-indexed securities that is not OID can be reported in box 3 of Form 1099–INT.) A copy of Form 1099–OID will be sent to the IRS. Do not attach your copy to your tax return. Keep it for your records. If you are required to file a tax return and you receive Form 1099–OID CAUTION showing taxable amounts, you must report these amounts on your return. A 20% accuracy-related penalty may be charged for underpayment of tax due to either of the following reasons.

• It is not purchased at a premium. • Its adjusted basis immediately after purchase, including purchase at original issue, is greater than its adjusted issue price. Adjusted issue price. The adjusted issue price of a debt instrument at the beginning of an accrual period is used to figure the OID allocable to that period. In general, the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the instrument's first accrual period is its issue price. The adjusted issue price at the beginning of any subsequent accrual period is the sum of the issue price and all the OID includible in income before that accrual period minus any payment previously made on the instrument, other than a payment of qualified stated interest. Debt instrument. The term “debt instrument” means a bond, debenture, note, certificate, or other evidence of indebtedness. It generally does not include an annuity contract. Issue price. For instruments listed in Section I–A and Section I–B, the issue price is the initial offering price to the public (excluding bond houses and brokers) at which a substantial amount of these instruments was sold. Market discount. Market discount arises when a debt instrument purchased in the secondary market has decreased in value since its issue date, generally because of an increase in interest rates. An OID bond has market discount if your adjusted basis in the bond immediately after you acquired it (usually its purchase price) was less than the bond's issue price plus the total OID that accrued before you acquired it. The market discount is the difference between the issue price plus accrued OID and your adjusted basis. Premium. A debt instrument is purchased at a premium if its adjusted basis immediately after purchase is greater than the total of all amounts payable on the instrument after the purchase date, other than qualified stated interest. The premium is the difference between the adjusted basis and the payable amounts. Qualified stated interest. In general, qualified stated interest is stated interest that is unconditionally payable in cash or property (other than debt instruments of the issuer) at least annually over the term of the instrument at a single fixed rate. Stated redemption price at maturity. An instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is the sum of all amounts (principal and interest) payable on the instrument other than qualified stated interest. Yield to maturity (YTM). In general, the YTM is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the issue price of the bond. The YTM is generally shown on the face of the bond or in the literature you receive from your broker. If you do not have this information, consult your broker, tax advisor, or the issuer. Page 6

give a copy of the Form 1099–OID to the actual owner. However, you are not required to file a nominee return to show amounts belonging to your spouse. See the Form 1099 instructions for more information. When preparing your tax return, follow the instructions under Showing an OID adjustment in the next discussion.

How To Report OID
Generally, you report your taxable interest and OID income on line 2, Form 1040EZ; line 8a, Form 1040A; or line 8a, Form 1040. Form 1040 or Form 1040A required. Unless you are a nominee for the actual owner of the debt instrument, you must use Form 1040 if you are reporting more or less OID than the amount shown on Form 1099–OID. For example, if you paid a premium or an acquisition premium when you purchased the debt instrument, you must use Form 1040 because you will report less OID than shown on Form 1099–OID. Also, you must use Form 1040 if you were charged an early withdrawal penalty. You must use Form 1040 or Form 1040A (you cannot use Form 1040EZ) under either of the following conditions.

!

• Negligence or disregard of rules and
regulations.

• Substantial understatement of tax.
Form 1099–OID not received. If you held an OID instrument for 2000 but did not receive a Form 1099–OID, refer to the later discussions under Figuring OID on LongTerm Debt Instruments for information on the OID you must report. Refiguring OID. You must refigure the OID shown in box 1 or box 6 of Form 1099–OID to determine the proper amount to include in income if one of the following applies.

• You received a Form 1099–OID as a
nominee for the actual owner.

• Your total interest and OID income for the
year was more than $400. Where to report. List each payer's name (if a brokerage firm gave you a Form 1099, list the brokerage firm as the payer) and the amount received from each payer on line 1 of Schedule 1 (Form 1040A) or line 1 of Schedule B (Form 1040). Include all OID and periodic interest shown in boxes 1, 2, and 6 of any Form 1099–OID you received for the tax year. Also include any other OID and interest income for which you did not receive a Form 1099. Showing an OID adjustment. If you use Form 1040 to report more or less OID than shown on Form 1099–OID, list the full OID on line 1, Part I of Schedule B and follow the instructions under (1) or (2), next. If you use Form 1040A to report the OID shown on a Form 1099–OID you received as a nominee for the actual owner, list the full OID on line 1, Part I of Schedule 1 and follow the instructions under (1). 1) If the OID, as adjusted, is less than the amount shown on Form 1099–OID, show the adjustment as follows. a) Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. Below the subtotal write “Nominee Distribution” or “OID Adjustment” and show the OID you are not required to report. Subtract that OID from the subtotal and enter the result on line 20.

• You bought the debt instrument at a premium or at an acquisition premium.

• The debt instrument is a stripped bond
or coupon (including zero coupon instruments backed by U.S. Treasury securities).

• The debt instrument is a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument. See the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments or Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later, for the specific computations. Refiguring interest. If you disposed of a debt instrument or acquired it from another holder between interest dates, see the discussion under Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about refiguring the interest shown in box 2 of Form 1099–OID. Nominee. If you are the holder of an OID instrument and you receive a Form 1099–OID that shows your taxpayer identification number and includes amounts belonging to another person, you are considered a “nominee.” You must file another Form 1099–OID for each actual owner, showing the OID for the owner. Show the owner of the instrument as the “recipient” and you as the “payer.” Complete Form 1099–OID and Form 1096 and file the forms with the Internal Revenue Service Center for your area. You must also

b)

c)

2) If the OID, as adjusted, is more than the amount shown on Form 1099–OID, show the adjustment as follows. a) Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1.

b)

Below the subtotal write “OID Adjustment,” and show the additional OID. Add that OID to the subtotal.

c)

Form 1099–OID. You should receive a Form 1099–OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the bond. However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. See Acquisition premium, later. Form 1099–OID not received. If you held an OID instrument in 2000 but did not receive a Form 1099–OID, refer to Section I–A later in this publication. The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. For example, if you have an instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half of the listed amount to figure your OID. If you held the instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I–A for calendar year 2000. (If your instrument is not listed in Section I–A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for 2000.) If you did not hold the instrument the entire year, figure your OID using the following method. 1) Divide the OID shown for 2000 by 12. 2) Multiply the result in (1) by the number of complete and partial months (for example, 61/2 months) you held the debt instrument in 2000. This is the OID to include in income unless you paid an acquisition premium. The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed next. Acquisition premium. If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID to include in income as follows. 1) Divide the total OID on the instrument by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of original issue to the maturity date. This is the ratable monthly portion. 2) Subtract from your cost the issue price and the accumulated OID from the date of issue to the date of purchase. (If the result is zero or less, stop here. You did not pay an acquisition premium.) 3) Divide the amount figured in (2) by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of your purchase to the maturity date. 4) Subtract the amount figured in (3) from the amount figured in (1). This is the OID to include in income for each month you hold the instrument during the year. Example 5. On June 1, 1982, Acme Corporation issued 20-year bonds at 90% of the principal amount. On February 1, 2000, you bought Acme bonds with a $10,000 principal amount on the open market for $9,900. The amount you must include in income is figured as follows:
1) Ratable monthly portion ($1,000 total OID ÷ 240 months) ........................... $4.17 2) Your cost ................................. $9,900.00 Minus: Issue price ................... 9,000.00 $ 900.00 Minus: Accumulated OID ($4.17 × 212 months) .............. 884.04 Acquisition premium ................ $ 15.96 3) Acquisition premium divided by number of complete and partial months from date of purchase to maturity date ($15.96 ÷ 28 months) ................................ 0.57 4) Line 1 minus line 3 ................................. $3.60

You must include $39.60 ($3.60 × 11 months) in income for 2000 because the acquisition premium reduces the ratable monthly portion of OID. Example 6. Assume the same facts as Example 5, except that you bought the bonds for $9,844.04. In this case, your cost equals the original issue price plus accumulated OID. Therefore, you did not pay an acquisition premium. For 2000, include $45.87 ($4.17 × 11 months) of OID in income. Example 7. Assume the same facts as Example 5, except that you bought the bonds for $9,400. In this case, you must include $45.87 of OID in your 2000 income. You did not pay an acquisition premium because you bought the bonds for less than the sum of the original issue price plus accumulated OID. The bonds have market discount, which must be reported under the rules explained in chapter 1 of Publication 550. Transfers during the month. If you buy or sell a debt instrument on any day other than the same day of the month as the date of original issue, the ratable monthly portion of OID for the month of sale is divided between the seller and the buyer according to the number of days each held the instrument. Your holding period for this purpose begins the day you obtain the instrument and ends the day before you dispose of it. Example 8. Assume the same facts as Example 5, except that you bought the bonds on September 14, 1999, for $9,865.00 ($9,000 issue price plus $865 accumulated OID) and sold them on March 14, 2000. You figure the OID to include in your 1999 income as follows:
Amount for September ($4.17 × 17 days ÷ 30 days) ........................................................ $ 2.36 Amount for complete months October through December ($4.17 × 3 months) ........ 12.51 Total to include in 1999 income ................ $14.87

Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments
How you figure the OID on a long-term debt instrument depends on the date it was issued. It also may depend on the type of the instrument. There are different rules for each of the following debt instruments. 1) Corporate debt instruments issued after 1954 and before May 28, 1969, and government instruments issued after 1954 and before July 2, 1982. 2) Corporate debt instruments issued after May 27, 1969, and before July 2, 1982. 3) Debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985. 4) Debt instruments issued after 1984 (other than debt instruments described in (5) and (6)). 5) Contingent payment debt instruments issued after August 12, 1996. 6) Inflation-indexed debt instruments (including Treasury inflation-indexed securities) issued after January 5, 1997. Zero coupon instrument. The rules for figuring OID on zero coupon instruments backed by U.S. Treasury securities are discussed later under Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later.

Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before May 28, 1969, and Government Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before July 2, 1982
For these instruments, you do not include OID in income until the year the instrument is sold, exchanged, or redeemed. If a gain results and the instrument is a capital asset, the OID is taxed as ordinary income. The balance of the gain is capital gain. If there is a loss on the sale of the instrument, the entire loss is a capital loss and no OID is reported. The gain taxed as ordinary income when the instrument is sold, exchanged, or redeemed generally equals the following amount:
number of full months you held the instrument number of full months from date of original issue to date of maturity original issue discount

You figure the OID to include in your 2000 income as follows:
Amount for complete months January through February ($4.17 × 2 months) .......... $8.34 Amount for March ($4.17 × 13 days ÷ 31 days) ........................................................ 1.75 Total to include in 2000 income ................ $10.09

You increase your basis in the bonds by the OID you include in income. Your basis in the bonds when you sold them is $9,889.96 ($9,865 cost + $14.87 OID for 1999 and $10.09 OID for 2000).

X

Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985
If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the instruments and increase your basis by the amount included. For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Form 1099. You should receive a Form 1099–OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the bond. However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. See Figuring OID using the constant yield method and the discussions on acquisition premium that follow, later. Page 7

Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After May 27, 1969, and Before July 2, 1982
If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the discount in income each year you own the instruments. For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see the discussion under How To Report OID, earlier. Your basis in the instrument is increased by the OID you include in income.

Form 1099–OID not received. If you held an OID instrument during the year but did not receive a Form 1099–OID, refer to Section I–A later in this publication. The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. For example, if you have an instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half of the listed amount to figure your OID. If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I–A for calendar year 2000. (If your instrument is not listed in Section I–A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for 2000.) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using either of the following methods. Method 1. 1) Divide the total OID for 2000 by 366. 2) Multiply the result in (1) by the number of days you held the debt instrument in 2000. This computation is an approximation and may result in a slightly higher OID than Method 2. Method 2. 1) Look up the daily OID for the first 2000 accrual period you held the instrument. (See Accrual period under Figuring OID using the constant yield method, next.) 2) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days in 2000 you held the instrument during that accrual period. 3) If you held the instrument for part of both 2000 accrual periods, repeat (1) and (2) for the second accrual period. 4) Add the results of (2) and (3). This is the OID to include in income for 2000, unless you paid an acquisition premium. (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later.) Figuring OID using the constant yield method. This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985, using a constant yield method. OID is allocated over the life of the instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. 1) Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by the instrument's yield to maturity. 2) Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. Accrual period. An accrual period for any OID instrument issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985 is each one-year period beginning on the date of the issue of the obligation and each anniversary thereafter, or the shorter period to maturity for the last accrual period. Your tax year will usually overlap more than one accrual period. Daily OID. The OID for any accrual period is allocated ratably to each day in the accrual period. You must include in income the sum of the OID for each day that you hold the instrument during the year. If your tax year overlaps more than one accrual period, you Page 8

must include the proper daily OID amounts for each of the two accrual periods. Figuring daily OID. The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula:
(ip × ytm) – qsi p

Example 9. If you held the bond until the end of 1983, you would have included $68.84 in income for 1983 ($.28096 × 245 days). If you continued to hold the bond, you would have included in income, for 1984 through 1999, the following amounts of OID.
First Accrual Period Second Accrual Period $.32274 × 245 days $.36973 × 245 days $.42356 × 245 days $.48391 × 245 days $.55586 × 245 days $.63679 × 245 days $.72951 × 245 days $.83342 × 245 days $.95737 × 245 days $1.09677 × 245 days $1.25644 × 245 days $1.43541 × 245 days $1.64890 × 245 days $1.88896 × 245 days $2.16397 × 245 days $2.47224 × 245 days

ip

= issue price

Year

Total $113.07 $129.31 $148.14 $169.39 $194.74 $222.71 $255.14 $291.73 $335.40 $383.59 $439.44 $502.45 $577.66 $660.67 $756.85 $865.38

ytm = yield to maturity qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period

1984 .......... $.28096 × 121 days 1985 .......... $.32274 × 120 days 1986 .......... $.36973 × 120 days 1987 .......... $.42356 × 120 days 1988 .......... $.48391 × 121 days 1989 .......... $.55586 × 120 days 1990 .......... $.63679 × 120 days 1991 .......... $.72951 × 120 days 1992 .......... $.83342 × 121 days 1993 .......... $.95737 × 120 days 1994 .......... $1.09677 × 120 days 1995 .......... $1.25644 × 120 days 1996 .......... $1.43541 × 121 days 1997 .......... $1.64890 × 120 days 1998 .......... $1.88896 × 120 days 1999 .......... $2.16397 × 120 days

The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. Example 9. On January 1, 1984, you bought a 20-year, 13% bond for $90,000 at original issue. The redemption price of the bond is $100,000. The qualified stated interest is $13,000 (13% × $100,000), which is unconditionally payable each year. The bond has a yield to maturity of 14.5587%. The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows:
($90,000.00 × 14.5587%) – $13,000 366 (leap year) = $102.83 366 = $.28096

You would have included in income $.28096 for each day you held the bond during 1984. If you held the bond for all of 1984, you would have included OID of $102.83 ($.28096 × 366). The following table shows the adjusted issue price, daily OID, and OID per accrual period through 2000.
Accrual Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Adjusted Issue Price OID per Accrual Daily OID Period $.28096 .32274 .36973 .42356 .48391 .55586 .63679 .72951 .83342 .95737 1.09677 1.25644 1.43541 1.64890 1.88896 2.16397 2.47224 $102.83 117.80 134.95 154.60 177.11 202.89 232.43 266.27 305.03 349.44 400.32 458.60 525.36 601.85 689.47 789.85 904.84

If you sold the bond on August 30, 2000, you would figure the amount to include in your 2000 income as follows:
First accrual period: $2.47224 × 121 days (Jan 1 – Apr 30) ........................................ $299.14 Second accrual period: $2.83992 × 121 days (May 1 – Aug 29) .............................. 343.63 Total to include in 2000 income ............. $642.77

Year

1984 $90,000.00 1985 90,102.83 1986 90,220.63 1987 90,355.58 1988 90,510.18 1989 90,687.29 1990 90,890.18 1991 91,122.61 1992 91,388.88 1993 91,693.91 1994 92,043.35 1995 92,443.67 1996 92,902.27 1997 93,427.63 1998 94,029.48 1999 94,718.95 2000 95,508.80

However, if you held the bond the entire year of 2000, the total OID to report is $994.92 [$299.14 + $695.78 ($2.83992 × 245 days)]. Acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased before July 19, 1984. If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium before July 19, 1984, you figure the reduction of OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. Figure the daily acquisition premium by dividing the total acquisition premium by the number of days in the period beginning on your purchase date and ending on the day before the date of maturity. Example 11. Assume the same facts as Example 10, except that you bought the bond for $92,000 on May 1, 1984, after its original issue on May 1, 1983. In this case, you paid more for the bond than its $90,102.83 adjusted issue price ($90,000 + $102.83). You paid $1,897.17 ($92,000 – $90,102.83) acquisition premium. The daily OID as reduced for the acquisition premium for the accrual period May 1, 1984, to April 30, 1985, is figured as follows:

The daily OID for the 18th accrual period is figured as follows:
($96,413.64 × 14.5587%) – $13,000 365 = $1,036.57 365 = $2.83992

If you hold the bond for all of 2001, you would include $1,036.57 in income ($2.83992 × 365). Example 10. Assume the same facts as Example 9, except that you bought the bond at original issue on May 1, 1983. The daily OID for the first accrual period (May 1, 1983 – April 30, 1984) was $.28096, as figured in

1) Daily OID on date of purchase (2nd accrual period) .............................. $.32274 2) Acquisition premium .......... $1,897.17 3) Total days from purchase date to maturity date [(365 × 19 years) + 4 days for leap years] ......................... 6,939 4) Line 2 ÷ line 3 ....................................... $.27341 5) Daily OID reduced for the acquisition premium. Line 1 − line 4 ..................... $.04933

• The denominator is the total OID remaining for the instrument after your purchase date. Example 14. Assume the same facts as Example 9, except that you bought the bond for $99,000 on August 1, 2000, after its original issue on August 1, 1983. In this case, you paid more for the bond than its $96,413.64 adjusted issue price ($90,000 + $6,413.64 accrued OID). You paid $2,586.36 ($99,000 − $96,413.64) acquisition premium. The daily OID as reduced for the acquisition premium for the accrual period August 1, 2000, to July 31, 2001, is figured as follows:
1) Daily OID on date of purchase (18th accrual period) ................................... $2.83992* 2) Acquisition premium ......... $2,586.36 3) Total OID remaining after purchase date ($10,000 − $6,413.64) ........................ 3,586.36 4) Line 2 ÷ line 3 .................. 0.72117 5) Line 1 × line 4 .................................... 2.04807 6) Daily OID reduced for the acquisition premium. Line 1 − line 5 ......... $0.79185 (* As shown in Example 9.)

acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. See Figuring OID using the constant yield method and Acquisition premium, later. You may also need to refigure the OID for a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument on which the amount reported on Form 1099–OID is inaccurate. See Contingent Payment Debt Instruments or Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments, later. Form 1099–OID not received. If you held an OID instrument in 2000 but did not receive a Form 1099–OID, refer to Section I–B later in this publication. The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. For example, if you have an instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half of the listed amount to figure your OID. Use the OID shown in Section I–B for the calendar year if you held the instrument the entire year. (If your instrument is not listed in Section I–B, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for 2000.) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID as follows. 1) Look up the daily OID amount for the first 2000 accrual period in which you held the instrument. (See Accrual period under Figuring OID using the constant yield method, next.) 2) Multiply the daily OID amount by the number of days in 2000 you held the instrument during that accrual period. 3) Repeat (1) and (2) for any remaining 2000 accrual periods in which you held the instrument. 4) Add the results of (2) and (3). This is the OID to include in income for 2000, unless you paid an acquisition premium. (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later.) Tax-exempt bond. If you own a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. You need to make this adjustment to determine if you have a gain or loss on a later disposition of the bond. Use the rules that follow to determine your OID. Figuring OID using the constant yield method. This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after 1984 using a constant yield method. (The special rules that apply to contingent payment debt instruments and inflation-indexed debt instruments are explained later.) OID is allocated over the life of the instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. 1) Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by a fraction. The numerator of the fraction is the instrument's yield to maturity and the denominator is the number of accrual periods per year. The yield must be stated appropriately taking into account the length of the particular accrual period. Page 9

The OID you would have included in income for 1984 is $12.09 ($.04933 × 245 days). Assuming you still owned the bond in 2000, you would have reduced the total OID for each year (as determined in Example 10) by the allocable portion of the acquisition premium for that year. You would have included the following amounts of OID in income:
Year 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... OID $ 29.52 $ 48.35 $ 69.60 $ 94.67 $122.92 $155.35 $191.94 $235.33 $283.80 $339.65 $402.66 $477.59 $560.88 $657.06 $895.13

The total OID to include in income for 2000 (August 1 – December 31) is $121.15 ($0.79185 × 153 days). If you hold the bond for all of 2001, multiply the total OID for the year by 2.04807 and subtract the result from the total OID. The reduced amount is the total OID to be included in income for 2001. Using Section I–A to figure accumulated OID. If you bought your corporate debt instrument in 2000 or 2001 and it is listed in Section I–A, you can figure the accumulated OID to the date of purchase by adding the following amounts. 1) The amount from the “Total OID to January 1, 2000” column for your debt instrument. 2) The OID from January 1, 2000, to the date of purchase, figured as follows. a) Multiply the daily OID for the first accrual period in 2000 by the number of days from January 1 to the date of purchase, or the end of the accrual period if the instrument was purchased in the second or third accrual period. Multiply the daily OID for each subsequent accrual period by the number of days in the period to the date of purchase or the end of the accrual period, whichever applies. Add the amounts figured in (2a) and (2b).

If you held the bond all of 2000, reduce the total OID for that year, $994.92 (as determined in Example 10), by the allocable part of the acquisition premium for 2000, $100.07 ($.27341 × 366 days). The difference, $894.85, is the total OID to include in income for 2000. Example 12. Assume the same facts as Example 11, except that you bought the bond for $90,102.83. In this case, you bought the bond for an amount equal to the original issue price plus accumulated OID. Therefore, you did not pay an acquisition premium. You would have included $79.07 ($.32274 × 245 days) in income for 1984. For the remaining years, you would have included the amounts figured in Example 10. Example 13. Assume the same facts as Example 11, except that you bought the bond for $89,500. You did not pay an acquisition premium because your cost was less than the adjusted issue price. You must include in income each year the amounts figured in Example 12. The bonds have market discount, which must be reported under the rules explained in chapter 1 of Publication 550. Acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased after July 18, 1984. If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium after July 18, 1984, figure the reduction of OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. However, the method of figuring the daily acquisition premium is different from the method described in the preceding discussion. To figure the daily acquisition premium under this method, you multiply the daily OID by the following fraction.

b)

c)

Debt Instruments Issued After 1984
If you hold debt instruments issued after 1984, you must report part of the discount in gross income each year that you own the instruments. You must include the OID in gross income whether or not you hold the instrument as a capital asset. Your basis in the instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Form 1099–OID. You should receive a Form 1099–OID showing OID for the part of 2000 you held the bond. However, if you paid an

• The numerator is the total acquisition
premium.

2) Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. Accrual period. For debt instruments issued after 1984 and before April 4, 1994, an accrual period is each 6-month period that ends on the day that corresponds to the stated maturity date of the debt instrument or the date 6 months before that date. For example, a debt instrument maturing on March 31 has accrual periods that end on September 30 and March 31 of each calendar year. Any short period is included as the first accrual period. For debt instruments issued after April 3, 1994, accrual periods may be of any length and may vary in length over the term of the instrument, as long as each accrual period is no longer than one year and all payments are made on the first or last day of an accrual period. However, the OID listed for these debt instruments in Section I–B has been figured using 6-month accrual periods. Daily OID. The OID for any accrual period is allocated ratably to each day in the accrual period. Figure the amount to include in income by adding the OID for each day that you hold the debt instrument during the year. Since your tax year will usually overlap more than one accrual period, you must include the proper daily OID for each accrual period that falls within or overlaps your tax year. If your debt instrument has 6-month accrual periods, your tax year will usually include one full 6-month accrual period and parts of two other 6-month periods. Figuring daily OID. The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula.
(ip × ytm/n) – qsi p

($86,409.28 × .12/2) – $5,000 184 days = $184.56 184 = $1.00303

• The numerator is the acquisition premium.

• The denominator is the total OID remaining for the instrument after your purchase date. Example 17. Assume the same facts as Example 16, except that you bought the bond on November 1, 2000, for $87,000, after its original issue on May 1, 2000. The adjusted issue price on November 1, 2000, is $86,409.28 ($86,235.17 + $174.11). Under these assumptions, you purchased the bond at an acquisition premium of $590.72 (your cost, $87,000, less the adjusted issue price, $86,409.28) and you must reduce the daily OID for any day you hold the bond. The daily OID for the accrual period November 1, 2000, through April 30, 2001, as reduced for the acquisition premium, is figured as follows:
1) Daily OID on date of purchase (2nd accrual period) .................................... $1.01967* 2) Acquisition premium ............. $590.72 3) Total OID remaining after purchase date ($13,764.83 − $174.11) ................................ 13,590.72 4) Line 2 ÷ line 3 ..................................... .04346 5) Line 1 × line 4 ..................................... .04431 6) Daily OID reduced for the acquisition premium. Line 1 − line 5 ........... $0.97536 (* As shown in Example 16.)

Since the first and second accrual periods coincide exactly with your tax year, you include in income for 2000 the OID allocable to the first two accrual periods, $174.11 ($.95665 × 182 days) plus $184.56 ($1.00303 × 184 days), or $358.67. Add the OID to the $10,000 interest you report in 2000. Example 16. Assume the same facts as Example 15, except that you bought the bond at original issue on May 1, 2000. Also, the interest payment dates are October 31 and April 30 of each calendar year. The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. The daily OID for the first accrual period (May 1, 2000 – October 31, 2000) is figured as follows:
($86,235.17 × .12/2) – $5,000 184 days = $174.11 184 = $.94625

The daily OID for the second accrual period (November 1, 2000 – April 30, 2001) is:
($86,409.28 × .12/2) – $5,000 181 days = $184.56 181 = $1.01967

The total OID to include in income for 2000 is $59.50 ($.97536 × 61 days).

ip n p

= issue price = number of accrual periods in one year = number of days in accrual period

ytm = yield to maturity qsi = qualified stated interest

The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except that the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. Example 15. On January 1, 2000, you bought a 15-year, 10% bond of A Corporation at original issue for $86,235.17. According to the prospectus, the bond matures on December 31, 2014, at a stated redemption price of $100,000. The yield to maturity is 12%, compounded semiannually. The bond provides for qualified stated interest payments of $5,000 on June 30 and December 31 of each calendar year. The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows:
($86,235.17 × .12/2) – $5,000 182 days = $174.11 182 = $.95665

If you hold the bond through the end of 2000, you must include $236.31 of OID in income. This is $174.11 ($.94625 × 184 days) for the period May 1 through October 31 plus $62.20 ($1.01967 × 61 days) for the period November 1 through December 31. The OID is added to the $5,000 interest income paid on October 31, 2000. Your basis in the bond is increased by the OID you include in income. On January 1, 2001, your basis in the A Corporation bond is $86,471.48 ($86,235.17 + $236.31). Short first accrual period. You may have to make adjustments if a debt instrument has a short first accrual period. For example, a debt instrument with 6-month accrual periods that is issued on February 15 and matures on October 31 has a short first accrual period that ends April 30. (The remaining accrual periods begin on May 1 or November 1.) For this short period, figure the daily OID as described earlier, but adjust the yield for the length of the short accrual period. You may use any reasonable compounding method in determining OID for a short period. Examples of reasonable compounding methods include continuous compounding and monthly compounding (that is, simple interest within a month). Consult your tax advisor for more information about making this computation. The OID for the final accrual period is the excess of the amount payable at maturity (other than a payment of qualified stated interest) over the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the final accrual period. Acquisition premium. If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction to figure the daily acquisition premium that reduces the daily OID.

Contingent Payment Debt Instruments
This discussion shows how to figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument issued after August 12, 1996, that was issued for cash or publicly traded property. In general, a contingent payment debt instrument is a debt instrument that provides for one or more payments that are contingent as to timing or amount. If you hold a contingent payment debt instrument, you must report OID as it accrues each year. Because the actual payments on a contingent payment debt instrument cannot be known in advance, issuers and holders cannot use the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984) without making certain assumptions about the payments on the debt instrument. To figure OID accruals on contingent payment debt instruments, holders and issuers must use the noncontingent bond method. Noncontingent bond method. Under this method, the issuer must construct a hypothetical noncontingent bond that has terms and conditions similar to the contingent payment debt instrument. The issuer constructs the payment schedule of the hypothetical noncontigent bond by projecting a fixed amount for each contingent payment. Holders and issuers accrue OID on this hypothetical noncontingent bond using the constant yield method that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. When a contingent payment differs from the projected fixed amount, the holders and issuers make adjustments to their OID accruals. If the actual contingent payment is larger than expected, both the issuer and the holder increase their OID accruals. If the actual contingent payment is smaller than expected, holders and issuers generally decrease their OID accruals.

The adjusted issue price at the beginning of the second accrual period is the issue price plus the OID previously includible in income ($86,235.17 + $174.11), or $86,409.28. The daily OID for the second accrual period is: Page 10

Form 1099–OID. The amount shown in box 1 of the Form 1099–OID you receive for a contingent payment debt instrument may not be the correct amount to include in income. For example, the amount may not be correct if the contingent payment was different from the projected amount. If the amount in box 1 is not correct, you must figure the OID to report on your return under the following rules. For information on showing an OID adjustment on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Figuring OID. To figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument, you need to know the “comparable yield” and “projected payment schedule” of the debt instrument. The issuer must make these available to you. Comparable yield. The comparable yield is the yield on the hypothetical noncontingent bond that the issuer determines and constructs at the time of issuance. Projected payment schedule. The projected payment schedule is the payment schedule of the hypothetical noncontingent bond. The schedule includes all fixed payments due under the contingent payment debt instrument and a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. The projected payment schedule is created by the issuer. It is used to determine the holder's interest accruals and adjustments. Steps for figuring OID. Figure the OID on a contingent payment debt instrument in two steps. 1) Figure the OID on the hypothetical noncontingent bond using the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984) that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. Use the comparable yield as the yield to maturity. Use the projected payment schedule to determine the hypothetical bond's adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period. Do not treat any amount payable as qualified stated interest. 2) Adjust the OID in (1) to account for actual contingent payments. If the contingent payment is greater than the projected fixed amount, you have a positive adjustment. If the contingent payment is less than the projected fixed amount, you have a negative adjustment. Net positive adjustment. A net positive adjustment exists when the total of any positive adjustments described in (2) above exceeds the total of any negative adjustments. Treat a net positive adjustment as additional OID for the tax year. Net negative adjustment. A net negative adjustment exists when the total of any negative adjustments described in (2) above exceeds the total of any positive adjustments. Use a net negative adjustment to offset OID on the debt instrument for the tax year. If the net negative adjustment exceeds the OID on the debt instrument for the tax year, you can claim the excess as an ordinary loss. However, the amount you can claim as an ordinary loss is limited to the OID on the debt instrument you included in income in prior tax years. You must carry forward any excess net negative adjustment and treat it as a negative adjustment in the next tax year.

Basis adjustments. In general, increase your basis in a contingent payment debt instrument by the OID included in income. Your basis, however, is not affected by any negative or positive adjustments. Decrease your basis by any noncontigent payment received and the projected contingent payment scheduled to be received. Treatment of gain or loss on sale or exchange. If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a gain, your gain is ordinary income (interest income), even if you hold the instrument as a capital asset. If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a loss, your loss is an ordinary loss to the extent of your prior OID accruals on the instrument. If your loss exceeds your prior OID accruals and the instrument is a capital asset, treat the excess loss as a capital loss. See section 1.1275–4 of the regulations for exceptions to these rules. Premium, acquisition, and market discount. The rules for accruing premium, acquisition premium, and market discount do not apply to a contingent payment debt instrument. See section 1.1275–4 of the regulations to determine how to account for these items.

The daily index ratios for Treasury inflation-indexed securities are available on the Internet at: www.publicdebt.treas.gov. Form 1099–OID. The amount shown in box 6 of the Form 1099–OID you receive for an inflation-indexed debt instrument may not be the correct amount to include in income. For example, the amount may not be correct if you bought the debt instrument (other than at original issue) or sold it during the year. If the amount shown in box 6 is not correct, you must figure the OID to report on your return under the following rules. For information about showing an OID adjustment on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Figuring OID. Figure the OID on an inflation-indexed debt instrument using one of the following methods.

• The coupon bond method, described in
the following discussion, applies if the instrument is issued at par, all stated interest payable on the instrument is qualified stated interest, and the coupons have not been stripped from the instrument. This method generally applies, for example, to Treasury inflation-indexed securities.

• The discount bond method applies to

Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments
This discussion shows how you figure OID on certain inflation-indexed debt instruments issued after January 5, 1997. An inflationindexed debt instrument is generally a debt instrument on which the payments are adjusted for inflation and deflation (such as Treasury inflation-indexed securities). In general, if you hold an inflation-indexed debt instrument, you must report as OID any increase in the inflation-adjusted principal amount of the instrument that occurs while you held the instrument during the tax year. You must include the OID in gross income whether or not you hold the instrument as a capital asset. Your basis in the instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. Inflation-adjusted principal amount. For any date, the inflation-adjusted principal amount of an inflation-indexed debt instrument is the product of the following.

any inflation-indexed debt instrument that does not qualify for the coupon bond method, such as a stripped instrument. This method is described in section 1.1275–7(e) of the regulations. Under the coupon bond method, figure the OID you must report for the tax year as follows. Debt instrument held at the end of the tax year. If you held the debt instrument at the end of the tax year, your OID for the year is: 1) The inflation-adjusted principal amount for the first day on which you held the instrument during the tax year subtracted from 2) The total of the following amounts. a) The inflation-adjusted principal amount for the day after the last day of the tax year. Any principal payments you received during the year.

b)

• The instrument's outstanding principal
amount (determined as if there were no inflation or deflation over the term of the instrument), multiplied by

Debt instrument sold or retired during the tax year. If you sold the debt instrument during the tax year, or if it was retired, your OID for the year is: 1) The inflation-adjusted principal amount for the first day on which you held the instrument during the tax year subtracted from 2) The total of the following amounts. a) The inflation-adjusted principal amount for the last day on which you held the instrument during the tax year. Any principal payments you received during the year.

• The index ratio for that date.
Index ratio. This is a fraction, the numerator of which is the value of the reference index for the date and the denominator of which is the value of the reference index for the instrument's issue date. A qualified reference index measures inflation and deflation over the term of a debt instrument. Its value is reset each month to a current value of a single qualified inflation index (for example, the nonseasonally adjusted U.S. City Average All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor). The value of the index for any date between reset dates is determined through straight-line interpolation.

b)

Example 18. On February 6, 2000, you bought a 10-year, 3.375% inflation-indexed debt instrument for $9,831. The stated principal amount is $10,000 and the inflationadjusted principal amount for February 6, Page 11

2000, is $10,010.40. You held the debt instrument until September 1, 2000, when the inflation-adjusted principal amount was $10,116.50. Your OID for the 2000 tax year is $106.10 ($10,116.50 − $10,010.40). Your basis in the debt instrument on September 1, 2000, was $9,937.10 ($9,831 cost + $106.10 OID for 2000). Stated interest. Under the coupon bond method, you report any stated interest on the debt instrument under your regular method of accounting. For example, if you use the cash method, you generally include in income for the tax year any interest payments received on the instrument during the year. Deflation adjustments. If your calculation to figure OID on an inflation-indexed debt instrument produces a negative number, you do not have any OID. Instead, you have a deflation adjustment. A deflation adjustment generally is used to offset interest income from the debt instrument for the tax year. This offset is shown as an adjustment on your Schedule B (Form 1040), in the same manner as that used to show an OID adjustment. See How To Report OID, earlier. You decrease your basis in the debt instrument by the deflation adjustment used to offset interest income. Example 19. Assume the same facts as Example 18, except that you bought the instrument on July 1, 2000, when the inflationadjusted principal amount was $10,111.40, and sold the instrument on August 1, 2000, when the inflation-adjusted principal amount was $10,105.10. Because the OID calculation for 2000 ($10,105.10 − $10,111.40) produces a negative number (negative $6.30), you have a deflation adjustment. You use this deflation adjustment to offset the stated interest reported to you on the debt instrument. Your basis in the debt instrument on August 1, 2000, is $9,824.70 ($9,831 cost − $6.30 deflation adjustment for 2000). Premiums on inflation-indexed debt instruments. In general, any premium on an inflation-indexed debt instrument is determined, as of the date you acquire the instrument, by assuming that there will be no further inflation or deflation over the remaining term of the instrument. You allocate any premium over the remaining term of the instrument by making the same assumption. In general, the premium allocable to a tax year offsets the interest otherwise includible in income for the year. If there is any excess allocable to the year, this excess generally offsets the OID on the instrument for the year.

or Bonds and Coupons Purchased After 1984, later, for information about figuring the OID to report. Stripped bonds and coupons include: 1) Zero coupon instruments available through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program and governmentsponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation and the Financing Corporation. 2) Instruments backed by U.S. Treasury securities that represent ownership interests in those securities. Examples include obligations backed by U.S. Treasury bonds that are offered primarily by brokerage firms (variously called CATS, TIGRs, etc.). Seller of stripped bond or coupon. If you strip coupons from a bond and sell the bond or coupons, include in income the interest that accrued while you held the bond before the date of sale, to the extent the interest was not previously included in your income. For an obligation acquired after October 22, 1986, you must also include the market discount that accrued before the date of sale of the stripped bond (or coupon) to the extent the discount was not previously included in your income. Add the interest and market discount you include in income to the basis of the bond and coupons. This adjusted basis is then allocated between the items you keep and the items you sell, based on the fair market value of the items. The difference between the sale price of the bond (or coupon) and the allocated basis of the bond (or coupon) is the gain or loss from the sale. Treat any item you keep as an OID bond originally issued and purchased by you on the sale date of the other items. If you keep the bond, treat the excess of the redemption price of the bond over the basis of the bond as the OID. If you keep the coupons, treat the excess of the amount payable on the coupons over the basis of the coupons as the OID. Purchaser of stripped bond or coupon. If you purchase a stripped bond or coupon, treat it as if it were originally issued on the date of purchase. If you purchase the stripped bond, treat as OID any excess of the stated redemption price at maturity over your purchase price. If you purchase the stripped coupon, treat as OID any excess of the amount payable on the due date of the coupon over your purchase price.

(or are treated as having bought) the stripped bond or coupon. Acquired before June 11, 1987. None of the OID on bonds or coupons acquired before this date is taxable. The accrued OID is added to the basis of the bond or coupon. The accrued OID is the amount that produces a yield to maturity (YTM), based on your purchase date and purchase price, equal to the lower of the following rates. 1) The coupon rate on the bond before the separation of coupons. 2) The YTM of the stripped bond or coupon. If you can establish the YTM of the bond (with all coupons attached) at the time of its original issue, you may use that YTM instead of the coupon rate in (1) above. Increase your basis in the stripped taxexempt bond or coupon by the interest that accrued but was neither paid nor previously reflected in your basis before the date you sold the bond or coupon. Acquired after June 10, 1987. Part of the OID on bonds or coupons acquired after this date may be taxable. Figure the taxable part in three steps. Step 1 — Figure OID as if all taxable. First figure the OID following the rules in this section as if all the OID were taxable. (See Bonds and Coupons Purchased After 1984, later.) Use the yield to maturity (YTM) based on the date you obtained the stripped bond or coupon. Step 2 — Determine nontaxable part. Find the issue price that would produce a YTM as of the purchase date equal to the lower of the following rates. 1) The coupon rate on the bond from which the coupons were separated. 2) The YTM based on the purchase price of the stripped coupon or bond. You can choose to use the original YTM instead of the coupon rate of the bond in (1) above. Subtract this issue price from the stated redemption price of the bond at maturity (or, in the case of a coupon, the amount payable on the due date of the coupon). The result is the part of the OID treated as OID on a stripped tax-exempt bond or coupon. Step 3 — Determine taxable part. The taxable part of OID is the excess of the OID determined in Step 1 over the nontaxable part determined in Step 2. Exception. None of the OID on your stripped tax-exempt bond or coupon is taxable if you bought it from a person who held it for sale on June 10, 1987, in the ordinary course of that person's trade or business. Basis adjustment. Increase the basis in your stripped tax-exempt bond or coupon by the taxable and nontaxable accrued OID. If you own a tax-exempt bond from which one or more coupons have been stripped, increase your basis in it by the sum of the interest accrued but not paid before you dispose of it (and not previously reflected in basis) and any accrued market discount to the extent not previously included in your income. Example 20. Assume that a tax-exempt bond with a face amount of $100 due January 1, 2002, and a coupon rate of 10% (compounded semiannually) was issued for $100

Form 1099–OID
The amount shown in box 6 of the Form 1099–OID you receive for a stripped bond or coupon may not be the proper amount to include in income. If not, you must figure the OID to report on your return under the rules that follow. For information about showing an OID adjustment on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier.

Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons
If you strip one or more coupons from a bond and then sell or otherwise dispose of the bond or the stripped coupons, they are treated as separate debt instruments issued with OID. The holder of a stripped bond has the right to receive the principal (redemption price) payment. The holder of a stripped coupon has the right to receive an interest payment on the bond. The rule requiring the holder of a debt instrument issued with OID to include the OID in gross income as it accrues applies to stripped bonds and coupons acquired after July 1, 1982. See Bonds and Coupons Purchased After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985 Page 12

Tax-Exempt Bonds and Coupons
The OID on a stripped tax-exempt bond, or on a stripped coupon from such a bond, is generally not taxable. However, if you acquired the stripped bond or coupon after October 22, 1986, you must accrue OID on it to determine its basis when you dispose of it. How you figure accrued OID and whether any OID is taxable depend on the date you bought

on January 1, 1999. On January 1, 2000, the bond was stripped and you bought the right to receive the principal amount for $79.21. The stripped bond is treated as if it were originally issued on January 1, 2000, with OID of $20.79 ($100.00 − $79.21). This reflects a YTM at the time of the strip of 12% (compounded semiannually). The tax-exempt part of OID on the stripped bond is limited to $17.73. This is the difference between the redemption price ($100) and the issue price that would produce a YTM of 10% ($82.27). This part of the OID is treated as OID on a tax-exempt obligation. The OID on the stripped bond that is more than the tax-exempt part is $3.06. This is the excess of the total OID ($20.79) over the tax-exempt part ($17.73). This part of the OID ($3.06) is treated as OID on an obligation that is not tax exempt. The total OID allocable to the accrual period ending June 30, 2000, is $4.75 (6% × $79.21). Of this, $4.11 (5% × $82.27) is treated as OID on a tax-exempt obligation and $0.64 ($4.75 − $4.11) is treated as OID on an obligation that is not tax exempt. Your basis in the bond is increased to $83.96 ($79.21 issue price + accrued OID of $4.75).

1 m srp ap

( )
ap m = acquisition price

– 1

srp = stated redemption price at maturity = number of full accrual periods from purchase to maturity

If the instrument is a stripped coupon, the stated redemption price is the amount payable on the due date of the coupon. See Example 21. If the period between your purchase date and the maturity date (or due date) of the instrument does not divide into an exact number of full one-year periods, so that a period shorter than one year must be included, consult your broker or your tax advisor for information about figuring the YTM. Example 21. On November 15, 1984, you bought a coupon stripped from a U.S. Treasury bond through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program for $20,000. An amount of $100,000 is payable on the coupon's due date, November 14, 2009. There are exactly 25 one-year periods between the purchase date, November 15, 1984, and the coupon's due date, November 14, 2009. Your YTM on this stripped coupon is figured as follows: 1/25

instrument during any part of 2000, you must compute the OID to be included in income using a constant yield method. Under this method, OID is allocated over the time you hold the debt instrument by adjusting the acquisition price for each accrual period. The OID for the accrual period is figured by multiplying the adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of the period by a fraction. The numerator of the fraction is the instrument's yield to maturity and the denominator is the number of accrual periods per year. If the stripped bond or coupon is an inflation-indexed instrument, you must figure the OID to be included in income using the discount bond method described in section 1.1275(e) of the regulations. Adjusted acquisition price. The adjusted acquisition price of a stripped bond or coupon at the beginning of the first accrual period is its purchase (or acquisition) price. The adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of any subsequent accrual period is the sum of the acquisition price and all of the OID includible in income before that accrual period. Accrual period. For a stripped bond or coupon acquired after 1984 and before April 4, 1994, an accrual period is each 6-month period that ends on the day that corresponds to the stated maturity date of the stripped bond (or payment date of a stripped coupon) or the date 6 months before that date. For example, a stripped bond that has a maturity date (or a stripped coupon that has a payment date) of March 31 has accrual periods that end on September 30 and March 31 of each calendar year. Any short period is included as the first accrual period. For a stripped bond or coupon acquired after April 3, 1994, accrual periods may be of any length and may vary in length over the term of the instrument, as long as each accrual period is no longer than one year and all payments are made on the first or last day of an accrual period. Yield to maturity (YTM). In general, the yield to maturity of a stripped bond or coupon is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the acquisition price. Figuring YTM. How you figure the YTM for a stripped bond or coupon purchased after 1984 depends on whether you have equal accrual periods or a short initial accrual period. 1) Equal accrual periods. If the period from the date you purchased a stripped bond or coupon to the maturity date can be divided evenly into full accrual periods without including a shorter period, then you can figure the YTM by using the following formula:
1/m

Bonds and Coupons Purchased After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985
If you purchased a stripped bond or coupon after July 1, 1982, and before 1985, and you held that debt instrument as a capital asset during any part of 2000, you must figure the OID to be included in income using a constant yield method. Under this method, OID is allocated over the time you hold the debt instrument by adjusting the acquisition price for each accrual period. The OID for the accrual period is figured by multiplying the adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of the period by the yield to maturity. Adjusted acquisition price. The adjusted acquisition price of a stripped bond or coupon at the beginning of the first accrual period is its purchase (or acquisition) price. The adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of any subsequent accrual period is the sum of the acquisition price and all of the OID includible in income before that accrual period. Accrual period. An accrual period for any stripped bond or coupon acquired before 1985 is each one-year period beginning on the date of the purchase of the obligation and each anniversary thereafter, or the shorter period to maturity for the last accrual period. Yield to maturity (YTM). In general, the yield to maturity of a stripped bond or coupon is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the acquisition price of the bond or coupon. Figuring YTM. If you purchased a stripped bond or coupon after July 1, 1982, but before 1985, and the period from your purchase date to the day the instrument matures can be divided exactly into full one-year periods without including a shorter period, then the YTM can be figured by applying the following formula:

(

$100,000 $20,000

)

– 1

= (1.06649 -1) = 0.06649 = 6.649%

Use 6.649% YTM to figure the OID for each accrual period or partial accrual period for which you must report OID. Daily OID. The OID for any accrual period is allocated ratably to each day in the accrual period. You figure the amount to include in income by adding the daily OID amounts for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. If your tax year overlaps more than one accrual period (which will be the case unless the accrual period coincides with your tax year), you must include the proper daily OID amounts for each of the two accrual periods. The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured by applying the following formula:
(ap × ytm) p

ap p

= acquisition price = number of days in accrual period

ytm = yield to maturity

The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is computed in the same way except the adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the acquisition price. The rules for figuring OID on these instruments are similar to those illustrated in Example 9 and Example 10, earlier, under Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985.

n ×

((

srp ap

)

– 1

)

n ap

= number of accrual periods in one year = acquisition price = number of full accrual periods from purchase to maturity

srp = stated redemption price at maturity m

Bonds and Coupons Purchased After 1984
If you purchased a stripped bond or coupon (other than a stripped inflation-indexed instrument) after 1984, and you held that debt

If the instrument is a stripped coupon, the stated redemption price is the amount payable on the due date of the coupon. Page 13

Example 22. On May 15, 1989, you bought a coupon stripped from a U.S. Treasury bond through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program for $38,000. An amount of $100,000 is payable on the coupon's due date, November 14, 2001. There are exactly twenty-five 6-month periods between the purchase date, May 15, 1989, and the coupon's due date, November 14, 2001. The YTM on this stripped coupon is figured as follows.
2 ×

2 × ($100,000 / $60,000) = 2 × (1.04203 -1) = .08406 = 8.406%

( (74/181) + 12 )
-1)

1

Use 8.406% YTM to figure the OID for each accrual period or partial accrual period for which you must report OID. Daily OID. The OID for any accrual period is allocated ratably to each day in the accrual period. You must include in income the sum of the daily OID amounts for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. Since your tax year will usually overlap more than one accrual period, you must include the proper daily OID amounts for each accrual period that falls within or overlaps your tax year. Figuring daily OID. For the initial accrual period of a stripped bond or coupon acquired after 1984, figure the daily OID using Formula 1, next, if there are equal accrual periods. Use Formula 2 if there is a short initial accrual period. For subsequent accrual periods, figure the daily OID using Formula 1 (whether or not there was a short initial accrual period), except use the adjusted acquisition price in the formula instead of the acquisition price. Formula 1 —
ap × ytm / n p

Example 24. Assume the same facts as Example 23, and you held the coupon for the rest of 2000. The daily OID amounts are figured as follows: For the short initial accrual period from June 2, 2000, through August 14, 2000 (using Formula 2), the daily OID equals:
74 181

$60,000 × (1 + .08406/2) 74 = $1,018.20 74 = $13.75946

– $60,000

((

1/25

$100,000 $38,000

)

– 1

)

= 2 × (1.03946 -1) = 0.07892 = 7.892%

Use 7.892% YTM to figure the OID for each accrual period or partial accrual period for which you must report OID. 2) Short initial accrual period. If the period from the date you purchased a stripped bond or coupon to the date of its maturity cannot be divided evenly into full accrual periods, so that a shorter period must be included, you can figure the YTM by using the following formula (the exact method):

For the second accrual period from August 15, 2000, through February 14, 2001 (using Formula 1), the daily OID equals:
$61,018.20 × (.08406/2) 184 = $2,564.59495 184 = $13.93802

n ×

(( )
srp ap

( sr

1 + m

)
– 1

)

The adjusted acquisition price of $61,018.20 in this accrual period is the original $60,000 acquisition price plus $1,018.20 OID for the short initial accrual period (figured in step (1) of the following computation). The OID to be reported on your 2000 tax return is figured as follows:
1) OID for first accrual period: $13.75946 × 74 days (June 2 – August 14) ..................

n ap r s m

= number of accrual periods in one year = acquisition price = number of days from purchase to end of short accrual period = number of days in accrual period ending on last day of short accrual period = number of full accrual periods from purchase to maturity ap n p r s

srp = stated redemption price at maturity

Formula 2 —
r s

= $1,018.20

2) OID for second accrual period: $13.93802 × 139 days (August 15 – December 31) ........
– ap

= 1,937.38 $2,955.58

ap × (1 + ytm /n) r

3) Total OID to report on 2000 tax return (line 1 + line 2) ..................

= acquisition price = number of accrual periods in one year = number of days in accrual period = number of days from purchase to end of short accrual period = number of days in accrual period ending on last day of short accrual period

Example 23. On June 2, 2000, you bought a coupon stripped from a U.S. Treasury bond through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program for $60,000. An amount of $100,000 is payable on the coupon's due date, August 14, 2006. You decide to figure OID using 6-month accrual periods. There are 12 full 6-month accrual periods and a 74-day short initial accrual period from the purchase date to the coupon's due date. The YTM on this stripped coupon is figured as follows.

ytm = yield to maturity

The rules for figuring OID on these instruments are similar to those illustrated in Example 15 and Example 16, earlier, under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984.

The rules for figuring OID on these instruments are similar to those illustrated in Example 15 and Example 16, earlier, under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984. Final accrual period. The OID for the final accrual period for a stripped bond or coupon is the excess of the amount payable at maturity of the stripped bond (or interest payable on the stripped coupon) over the adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of the final accrual period. The daily OID for the final accrual period is computed by dividing the OID for the period by the number of days in the period.

Page 14

How To Get Tax Help
You can get help with unresolved tax issues, order free publications and forms, ask tax questions, and get more information from the IRS in several ways. By selecting the method that is best for you, you will have quick and easy access to tax help. Contacting your Taxpayer Advocate. If you have attempted to deal with an IRS problem unsuccessfully, you should contact your Taxpayer Advocate. The Taxpayer Advocate represents your interests and concerns within the IRS by protecting your rights and resolving problems that have not been fixed through normal channels. While Taxpayer Advocates cannot change the tax law or make a technical tax decision, they can clear up problems that resulted from previous contacts and ensure that your case is given a complete and impartial review. To contact your Taxpayer Advocate:

on starting and operating a small business. You can also reach us with your computer using File Transfer Protocol at ftp.irs.gov.

Mail. You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the Distribution Center nearest to you and receive a response within 10 workdays after your request is received. Find the address that applies to your part of the country.

TaxFax Service. Using the phone attached to your fax machine, you can receive forms and instructions by calling 703–368–9694. Follow the directions from the prompts. When you order forms, enter the catalog number for the form you need. The items you request will be faxed to you.

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CD-ROM. You can order IRS Publication 1796, Federal Tax Products on CD-ROM, and obtain:

• Call 1–800–829–4059 if you are a
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• Prior-year tax forms, instructions, and
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• Internal Revenue Bulletins.
The CD-ROM can be purchased from National Technical Information Service (NTIS) by calling 1–877–233–6767 or on the Internet at www.irs.gov/cdorders. The first release is available in mid-December and the final release is available in late January. IRS Publication 3207, The Business Resource Guide, is an interactive CD-ROM that contains information important to small businesses. It is available in mid-February. You can get one free copy by calling 1–800–829–3676 or visiting the IRS web site at www.irs.gov/prod/bus_info/ sm_bus/sm bus-cd.html.

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Page 15

Table 1. Explanation of Section I Column Headings
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Name of Issuer XYZ Corp.

CUSIP Number 123456AA

Issue Date 08/01/83

Maturity Date 08/01/03

Issue Price (Percent of Principal Amount) 90.0

Annual Stated Interest Rate 13.0

Total OID to 1/1/00 58.88

Daily OID per $1,000 of Maturity Value for Each Accrual Period 2000 1st Period .024722 2000 2nd & 2001 1st .028399 2001 2nd Period .032534

OID Per $1,000 of Maturity Value for Calendar Year 2000 2001 9.61 11.00

1. CUSIP Number—The CUSIP number identifies the debt instrument. The first six digits of the CUSIP number represent the issuer and the last two digits identify the particular issue. The ninth, or check digit, is omitted for most debt instruments issued before 1985. 2. Issue Date—This is the date of original issue, which is generally the date on which the instrument was first sold to the public at the issue price. 3. Maturity Date—This is the date the debt instrument matures and is redeemable at its full principal amount. For example, if the bond of XYZ Corp. above has a principal amount of $1,000, the holder will be paid $1,000 when he or she redeems it on August 1, 2003 (maturity date). 4. Issue Price (Percent of Principal Amount)—In general, the issue price is the initial offering price at which a substantial amount of the debt instruments are sold to the public. In the above example, XYZ bonds were first offered to the public at $900. Since they have a principal amount of $1,000, the issue price expressed as a percent of principal amount is 90. 5. Annual Stated Interest Rate—This is the rate of annual interest payments. In the above example, XYZ bond has a stated interest rate of 13% and pays $130 a year for each $1,000 principal amount of the bond. 6. Total OID to 1/1/00—This shows the total OID accumulated on the debt instrument from the date of original issue to 1/1/00. (This information is not available for all instruments listed.) 7. Daily OID in 2000 and 2001—This is the OID for each day you held the debt instrument during the accrual periods falling in 2000 and 2001. (The daily OID for the second accrual period in 2000 and the first accrual period in 2001 are identical.) For corporate debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985, an accrual period is a one-year period beginning on the same month and day as the date of issue of the instrument. In the above example, the first

accrual period shown for 2000 for XYZ bond is 8/1/99-7/31/00. The part of this accrual period that falls in 2000 is from 1/1/00-7/31/00. For each $1,000 principal amount of the bond, the OID is .024722 each day you held the bond during this accrual period. Similarly, the part of the second accrual period in 2000 is from 8/1/00-12/31/00. The OID is .028399 for each day you held the bond during this accrual period. The OID for each day you held a debt instrument in 2001 is determined in the same manner, using the daily OID applicable to the part of each accrual period falling in 2001. If you bought the debt instrument after original issue and paid an acquisition premium, see Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985, earlier, for more information. NOTE. For corporate debt instruments issued after 1984 (listed in Section I-B), the columns for the daily OID amounts are increased to include the number of 6-month accrual periods that apply to these instruments during 2000 and 2001. The 2000 OID is determined by using the daily OID for the 3 periods for the year. Although each accrual period is 6 months long, a 6-month period may cross over into the next calendar year. 8. OID for 2000 and 2001 (Per $1,000 of Maturity Value)—The amount appearing in the 2000 column is the total OID if you held the instrument the entire year or the part it was outstanding. For debt instruments entirely called or maturing in 2000, the amount is computed to the date of call or maturity. In the above example, if you held XYZ bond for all of 2000, the OID is $9.61 for each $1,000 principal amount of the bond. If you did not hold the bond for the entire year, use the daily OID for each accrual period in 2000. (See Figuring OID, earlier, for more detailed information.) Similarly, the amount appearing in the 2001 column is the total OID if you held the instrument for the entire year or the part it was outstanding. If you bought the instrument after original issue and paid an acquisition premium, see Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985, earlier, for more information.

By double-clicking on the icon to the left, you may access the plain text (.txt) version of the 2000 tables

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