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1.How many molecules are in 0.45 mol of sodium chloride?

2.How many moles are equal to 7.75 x 10 23 molecules of magnesium sulfate?

3.How many atoms of oxygen are in 2.11 g of aluminum oxide?

4. How many moles are equal to 3.5 x 10 24 molecules of nitrogen dioxide?

5. How many oxygen atoms are present in 0.63 mol CaCO3?

6. Calculate the molecular masses for the following compounds:

a. Ca3(PO4)2 d. aluminum bromide

b. Al2S3 e. potassium sulfide


7. What is the mass in grams of 4.6 moles of MgO?

8. How many moles are in 60 g of magnesium sulfate?

9. Calculate the number of moles present in 250 g sucrose (C12H22O11)

10. find the mass of 42.12 g of Al2(CO3)3

11. 0.895 moles of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) contains: a) how many grams; and b) how many molecules?

12. A certain cake recipe calls for 3.0g baking soda. How many molecules of baking soda does this mass
represent? (baking soda is NaHCO3).

13. A drop of water is 0.1 g. How many molecules of water is in this one drop?

14. What is the mass in grams of 1.8 x 10 24 molecules of potassium chloride?

15. How many chromium atoms are present in 45.5 g of Ni2(Cr2O7)3?

16. Find the number of molecules in a 200mg tablet of basic asprin (C9H8O4).

17. Find the molarity of 85.6 g HCl dissolved in 1.65 L of water

18. Find the molarlity of 78.2 g of ethanol (C2H5OH) dissolved into 467.2 g water.

19. What is the mass of copper II sulfate (CuSO4) needed to make 800 mL of a 0.25 M solution.

20. At STP, what volume would be occupied by 15 g of xenon tetrafloride?

21. 8.2 L of oxygen at STP has what mass?

22. At STP, methane (CH4) has a volume of 32.7 L. How many molecules of methane is this?

23. Find the percent composition of each element in the following:

a. Baking soda (NaHCO3)
b. Vinegar ( CH3COOH)
c. Bleach (NH4Cl)
d. Rust (FeO)
24. A compound has the following masses of elements: C= 14.33 g; H= 7.21 g; O= 32.4g; Cu=99.7 g. Find
the percent composition of each element.

25. Which has the highest percent by mass of oxygen?

a. water c. vinegar (CH3CO2H)
b. hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) d. rust (FeO)

26. A compound contains 10.88 g calcium and 19.07 g chlorine. Find the empirical formula of this compound.

27. What is the empirical formula of a substance that contains 3.05 g carbon, 0.26 g hydrogen, and 96.69 g

28. If 0.940 g of a compound contains oxygen and 0.564 g magnesium, What is the compound’s empirical

29. Find the empirical and molecular formula of a compound that contains 24.1 g carbon and 5.1 g hydrogen.
The molecular mass is known to be 58.1 g/mol

30. The molecular mass of a compound is 166.3 g/mol. The compound contains 47.1 % potassium, 14.5 %
carbon, and 38.4 % oxygen. Find the empirical and molecular formulas.

31. Find the empirical formula of a compound with 69.5 % oxygen and 30.5 % nitrogen

32. A compound is composed of 7.20 g carbon, 1.20 g hydrogen, and 9.60 g oxygen. Find the empirical
formula for this compound.