137 views

Original Title: Balancing Lab

Uploaded by dr_oxide2

Balancing Lab

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- PAPER_11
- Balancing of Rotating Masses (1)
- Balancing
- Dynamic Balancing Report
- Balancing of Rotating Mass - Lab Report 1
- cbgphy002.pdf
- A Course in Classical Physics 1—Mechanics.pdf
- Physics MCQs
- NJ-Patents : (Us 5243873)
- syllabus class xi
- L18 19 Torque
- Rotational Motion Notes
- 21.Dynamix Rotational Motion About a Fixed Axis
- Major Test 1 Paper 1
- Rotational mechanics
- Rotation Motion Worksheet
- Rotatory Motion
- Torque
- Performance and kinematics of various throwing techniques in team-handball
- D.C. Motor Torque_Speed Curve Tutorial_Understanding Motor Characteristics

You are on page 1of 14

OBJECTIVE:

procedures on a rotating shaft system.

BACKGROUND:

Balancing of rotating equipment is a ver y impor tant aspect of the design and operation

of any mechanical system that involves a rotating shaft. Normally, balancing is

performed during the last stages of system assembly but on some mechanical systems,

such as industrial fans or large powertrain/gearbox combinations, balancing may be

required on-site after maintenance/repair/rebuild occurs. Rotating systems are rarely

perfectly balanced; the degree of balance required depends upon the size and location

of the unbalances and the speed of operation.

spinning about the center of rotation at a constant frequency. Therefore, the force

vector representing each unbalance in the system is a force vector rotating at the speed

of rotation with magnitude equal to m u e ω 2 . The total force unbalance is the sum of all

of the unbalance forces. The total moment unbalance is the sum of all of the unbalance

forces operating at different locations along the axis of rotation (moment arm). Static

balancing refers to a procedure that adds or subtracts mass at some eccentricity to

balance the vector forces. Dynamic balancing refers to a procedure that adds or

subtracts mass at some eccentricity and location along the axis of rotation to balance

the unbalance moments. Dynamic balancing provides a better possible balance

whenever the rotating shaft is long and the number of unbalances occur at many

locations along the axis of rotation.

If the shaft of the rotating system is rigid (the first natural frequency of the shaft in bending

is above the operating speed), dynamic balancing can theoretically balance a system

perfectly using only two arbitrar y planes of balance, regardless of the number of

unbalance planes in the system. Once balanced at one speed of rotation, the system

will be balanced at all speeds as long as the rotating shaft remains rigid.

If the shaft of the rotating system is flexible, the only theoretical way to balance the system

perfectly is to find every plane of unbalance and to balance each plane separately. This

is often not practical. Frequently, two arbitrar y planes of balance will be used to balance

this type of system. In this case, the system will be balanced for only the speed that

was used for the balance calculation. The system can be balanced in a least squares

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

sense using multiple planes of balance and multiple speeds but the system will never be

perfectly balanced theoretically. If the remaining unbalance at the operational speeds is

low enough, this may be acceptable. Balancing a rotating system using this least

squares approach, when the operation speed is near one of the natural frequencies of

the rotaing shaft, is ver y difficult.

There are many procedures used to balance rotating systems. The procedure used in

this lab is often referred to as the Trial Weight Method of Balancing.

PROCEDURE:

A rotating, variable speed, shaft-disc system will be used as the test object.

One of the discs on the shaft system will be purposely unbalanced and tests will

be performed to achieve a system balance condition.

The two discs on the shaft system will be purposely unbalanced and tests will be

performed to achieve system balance.

The test procedures will utilize a "Trial Weight" method which will be presented in the

lecture class. The instrumentation for this procedure consists of 2 accelerometers, a

photo-tach, and the Dynamic Signal Analyzer. A MATLAB script will be provided that

will perform the balancing calculations. Note the following:

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

• The forcing function is due to the unbalance in the rotor(s). This unbalance

force(s) act at the frequency of the rotation (ω ) with amplitude proportional to the

frequency squared (ω 2 ).

• The frequency response function (FRF) between the measured accelerations(s)

and this unknown force(s) is needed to compute the effect of unbalance on the

response.

• The unknown force(s) cannot be measured directly.

• Therefore, the FRF between the measured acceleration(s) and the tachometer

signal will be computed instead. This measurement, over a limited frequency

range, will give the response with respect to the tachometer reference position.

While the force is unknown, its position relative to the tachometer reference

position is fixed. The frequency domain characteristics of the tachometer signal,

over a limited frequency range, are smooth (nearly a constant) and will not

adversely effect the resultant computations for unbalance force (magnitude and

location).

• Since the tachometer signal involves harmonics, using a frequency range covering

only the range of speed of the first harmonic of the tachometer signal will be

advisable but not required. A suggested set-up might be a frequency range of 0 to

80 Hertz.

• The Dynamic Signal Analyzer should be set up using the following settings: AC

coupled, 500 Averages (90 Percent Overlap, if possible), Flat-Top Window, FRF

Measurement. Note that 500 averages are not really taken. The averaging is

’paused’ once the measurement has been averaged enough.

RESULTS:

For each case, present data that should demonstrate an improvement in the balance

condition of the shaft-disc system. The FRFs between the accelerometers and the tach

signal (in the before and after configurations) can be used to demonstrate that the

response has decreased for the balanced condition. Include plots of the following in

your report (only include data in the frequency range that is relevant):

• FRF(s) between accelerometer(s) and tachometer signal (Magnitude only).

• Unbalanced Condition (Before).

• Balanced Condition (After).

• Coherence(s) between accelerometer(s) and tachometer signal for above cases.

DISCUSSION

Discussion should include a summary of the procedures used with sample calculations

and evaluation of actual and/or expected balance conditions. Should the single plane

balancing procedure yield an improvement (lowered response)? Why or why not?

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

CAUTION

When calculating the angle in order to locate the unbalance, note that you must use an

inverse tangent function that takes into account the sign of the numerator and

denominator in order to find the angle in the correct quadrant, from 0 to 360 degrees (or

plus and minus 180 degrees). In Matlab, this is "atan2", not "atan". On your calculator,

you generally have to find the atan and then find the correct quadrant by utilizing the

sign of the numerator and denominator.

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

• Original condition:

A1 (ω ) = H 1a (ω ) F a (ω )

• Unknown unbalance:

F a (ω ) = m a r a ω 2

A1a (ω ) = H 1a (ω ) F 1a (ω )

where:

F 1a (ω ) = F a (ω ) + ∆F a (ω )

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

∆F a (ω ) = ∆m r a ω 2

F a (ω ) A1 (ω )

= = R ej θ

∆F a (ω ) A1a (ω ) − A1 (ω )

location.

A1 (ω ) = a1 + j b1 A1a (ω ) = a2 + j b2

Then:

Fa A1 a1 + j b1 B e j θ1

= = = = R ej θ

∆F a A1a − A1 (a2 − a1 ) + j (b2 − b1 ) C e j θ 2

where:

b1

B=

√

a21 + b21 θ 1 = tan−1

a1

b2 − b1

C=

√

(a2 − a1 )2 + (b2 − b1 )2 θ 2 = tan−1

a2 − a1

B

R= θ = θ1 − θ2

C

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

• Original condition:

A1 (ω ) = H 1a (ω ) F a (ω ) + H 1b (ω ) F b (ω )

A2 (ω ) = H 2a (ω ) F a (ω ) + H 2b (ω ) F b (ω )

A1a (ω ) = H 1a (ω ) (F a (ω ) + ∆F a (ω )) + H 1b (ω ) F b (ω )

A2a (ω ) = H 2a (ω ) (F a (ω ) + ∆F a (ω )) + H 2b (ω ) F b (ω )

A1b (ω ) = H 1a (ω ) F a (ω ) + H 1b (ω ) (F b (ω ) + ∆F b (ω ))

A2b (ω ) = H 2a (ω ) F a (ω ) + H 2b (ω ) (F b (ω ) + ∆F b (ω ))

• Solve above equations for the unknown balance forces, F a and F b , in terms of the

trial weights.

Fa A1 ( A2b − A2 ) − A2 ( A1b − A1 )

=

∆F a ( A2b − A2 ) ( A1a − A1 ) − ( A1b − A1 ) ( A2a − A2 )

Fb A2 ( A1a − A1 ) − A1 ( A2a − A2 )

=

∆F b ( A2b − A2 ) ( A1a − A1 ) − ( A1b − A1 ) ( A2a − A2 )

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

Appendix A: References

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

+ 20-263-571 Structures/Motion Lab UC-MINE +

- PAPER_11Uploaded byayush
- Balancing of Rotating Masses (1)Uploaded byEr Sumit Sarkalan
- BalancingUploaded bydax
- Dynamic Balancing ReportUploaded byJaren Gan
- Balancing of Rotating Mass - Lab Report 1Uploaded byChong Jie Mee
- cbgphy002.pdfUploaded byevsgoud_goud
- A Course in Classical Physics 1—Mechanics.pdfUploaded byJohn Hamilton
- Physics MCQsUploaded bychamp1909
- NJ-Patents : (Us 5243873)Uploaded byNile_Jockey
- syllabus class xiUploaded bySignor Plaban Gogoi
- L18 19 TorqueUploaded byYun Yu
- Rotational Motion NotesUploaded byTvissha Goel
- 21.Dynamix Rotational Motion About a Fixed AxisUploaded byimrran324
- Major Test 1 Paper 1Uploaded byNidhi Sisodia
- Rotational mechanicsUploaded byHemant Kumar
- Rotation Motion WorksheetUploaded bydaisy
- Rotatory MotionUploaded byNaveenKumar
- TorqueUploaded byplutouec
- Performance and kinematics of various throwing techniques in team-handballUploaded bySas Alex
- D.C. Motor Torque_Speed Curve Tutorial_Understanding Motor CharacteristicsUploaded byAnoj pahathkumbura
- oblique impact testing of bicycle helmetsUploaded byAle
- 2012_Estimation of Added Registance of a Ship in Regular WavesUploaded byphantom29
- 1250-demo-problems-1162.pdfUploaded byHumberto Gilmer
- 210MCweek8Uploaded bykui
- rotational video analysisUploaded byapi-331780332
- TorqueUploaded bysujiv_sujiv1278
- Torque WebUploaded bypositivestar
- FinalAUploaded byIsaiah Wong
- Rigid Finite Element Model of a Cracked RotorUploaded byanon_558118723
- 01 (1)Uploaded byivanmirzasatriawanxx

- Spectroelectrochemistry of Solid Indirubin and Its Sulfonated FormUploaded byAnonymous hkDxd8L
- Semiconductor LaserUploaded byRaniKhanna
- Giris Composite MaterialsUploaded byHasan Semiz
- Photo Voltaic Principles and Organic Solar CellsUploaded byKumar Kavala
- B14 Homework 2Uploaded byvicejunior
- 09 Chapter 2sUploaded byPasha Tan
- Validation of Magmasoft Simulation of the Sand Casting ProcessUploaded byvmgobinath
- impact test.docxUploaded bySharunieRavikumar
- physics revision sheets p1 2014Uploaded byapi-320022467
- Ecg564 - Level 2b (1)Uploaded byNurin Adlina Mohd Roslan
- Boiler - Tube PluggingUploaded bySH1961
- paper moment curvatureUploaded byACERGY
- How to Use Microscope in VR SurgeryUploaded byGeorge Sitanaya
- PreloadUploaded byZubair Nizamani
- TYPD ExercisesUploaded byConstance Lynn'da G
- 2012_The Chemical Composition of Brass in Nuremberg Trombones of the Sixteenth CenturyUploaded byMichael Rogers
- 3 D Truss Exercise 6.18-Static 3-1 Right ResultUploaded bymahfuzul_haque
- Assignment 2 the N-factor(1)Uploaded byAhmed Valentin Kassem
- Section 4D Bonding and Structure IV (Metallic Bonding)Uploaded byapi-3734333
- aisi 4140Uploaded byMizan Nursiadi
- Equilibrium and Reaction RatesUploaded bywscience
- lesson 1.pptUploaded byLesley
- 25- Gas CalcsUploaded byChinmiholic
- Specific SpeedUploaded bywessamalex
- Abutment With Pile 1233-DesignUploaded bySujith Surendran
- Geotek - 06 - Kinematic Analysis of Slopes..pdfUploaded byyola andani
- RESNET: Interim Guidelines for Thermographic Inspections of BuildingsUploaded byRESNET - Make Your Home More Energy Efficient
- Physico-Mechanical Properties of Cellulose Acetate Butyrate/ Yellow Poplar Wood Fiber Composites as a Function of Fiber Aspect Ratio, Fiber Loading, and Fiber AcetylationUploaded byInternational Journal of Basic and Applied Science
- chapter1 history.pdfUploaded byBen Ahmed
- NEWTON’S LAWS OF MOTION - pptUploaded byChikoy Añonuevo