Unit 5 Study Guide APUSH A. People, Events and Terms 1.

Harriet Beacher Stowe-abolitionist famous for writing Uncle Tom s Cabin 2. William Lloyd Garrison-young abolitionist wrote the Liberator began the abolitionist movement 3. Nat Turner-this black preacher led an uprising in Virginia against slavery known as Turner s Rebellion; sent a wave of caution to plantation owners being more suspicious 4. Sojourner Truth-freed black woman in New York who fought tirelessly for black emancipation and women s rights 5. Frederick Douglass-abolitionist and eloquent speaker; former slave, was beaten for his speeches wrote his own biography Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglas 6. John Quincy Adams-the ex-president fought for eight years against the Gag resolution which restricted citizens right of speech 7. Oligarchy-or a government by the few, in this case heavily influenced by a planter aristocracy, the meant that all the decisions and profits were being made by the higher class planters which only accounted for a small amount of the population 8. Abolitionism-the fight against slavery throughout the world; became an increasingly more important debate furthered the south and the north even more served as a crucial topic in presidential elections and led to the separation of the Confederate states and the beginning of the Civil war. 9. plantation system-farming system in which land owning whites would own large amounts of land and have black slaves to provide manual labor; served as a method of farming for the rich planter aristocracy brought criticism from abolitionists and was resented by blacks 10. monopolistic-when a certain corporation controls a market; this occurred in the south when small farmers were forced to sell their land to neighboring plantation systems; the big got bigger and the small got smaller, the plantation owning aristocracy became more powerful 11. mulatto population-most of the free blacks were mulattos, usually a slave owners and one of his black mistresses who were given emancipation; this consistently increased as black womenand their slave owners continued to have more and more sexual relations; plus women were promised freedom if they birthed 10 kids 12. Cotton Kingdom-the economic boom of cotton as it was introduced to America; brought many planters to the Gulf states benefitted Northern trade; repelled the immigration into the South; the south had a smaller percentage of foreigners than the north; attracted a majority of the slaves 13. The Liberator-militantly antislavery newspaper by Willliam Lloyd Garrison 14. American Anti-slavery Society- a group of abolitionists including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips founded after the creation of the Liberator

American Colonization Society-a group founded to attempt to transport blacks back to Africa. James K. moral reforms such as the prohibition of liquor and eventually the abolition of slavery.000 dollars to give America half of Mexico 23. California. served as a method of inspiration for politicians. protective tariffs. wanted California and due to Mexican arrogance and foreign threat Polk tried to initiate war although he didn t want it so he sent Triste in to settle a deal with Santa Ana and gained half of Mexico 20. major contribution was changing the annexation of Texas into a joint resolution.000. caught pneumonia. Polk-extremely successful president managed to reduce the tariff.250. Uncle Tom s Cabin-written by Harriet Beacher Stowe to try to attempt to show others the cruelty of slavery by showing what the life of a slave was like. and gain the Oregon territory up till the 49 parallel. originally a democrat but changed to the Whigs after gaining the presidency proved he was still a democrat at heart by denying a national bank. a strong believer of the mandate system. increased American population to 5. Did not pass through 21. 18. had an extremely long inaugural address in winter. accepted the 18.250. Californios-descendants of the Spanish and Mexican conquerors who had once ruled California. Canada. Zachary Taylor-General that was sent by Polk to the Mexican border to prompt the Mexicans succeeded.000 fended off 20. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo-a treaty created by Triste to extend Americas borders to the Pacific and fro 18. failed since most blacks were adapted to American culture and did not fit in with African society 16. famous for leading the main force in the war driving from Rio Grande into Mexico to Bueno Vistas were his 5. internal improvements public schools. William Henry Harrison-president. eventually became president 19.000. and military and a controversial topic of debate in American politics during that time. fought constant insubordination from his cabinet. but in return he tried to encourage the Mexicans to fight back desperately.S. died after only four weeks in office. David Wilmot-created an amendment to attempt to make sure all new states created from the existing the territory gained from mexicower to be free states since he was afraid that these new land would increase the southern slaveowning power. and. Whig Party-tended to favor a renewed national bank. 27. after Harrison s death. Oregon fever-the giant population increase in 1850s to Oregon due to multitude of resources. John Tyler-president of the U. 25. and Cuba 24. Santa Anna-the Mexican dictator exiled to Cuba made a deal with Polk to double cross Mexico if Polk helped him return. strongly supported by Democrats. 26. helped start the Civil War by exposing slavery as well as end it 17. created the foothold that allowed America to bargain for more land . created an craving for pushing Americas boundaries in Oregon.15. Manifest Destiny-the idea that America was entitled to control the entire continent. left the presidency to John Tyler 22.000. restore the independent treasury. increasingly.

believed that those Christians should follow a higher law and obey God s moral law may have been what cost him the 1860 election 36. fully backed abolitionism. encouraged a new fugitive slave law 34. Daniel Webster-was Harrison s SECSTATE. originally a runaway slave herself 35. was part of the constitutional convention of 1787 33. engaged in peace discussions with Lord Ashburton discussing the boundaries of Canada.new leader. filibustering. . Harriet Tubman-one of the best runaway slaves who returned to conduct 19 forays to take 300 slaves to Canada. and Wilmot Proviso as well as internal improvements 41. Gadsden Purchase 46. Free Soil Party-a new political party formed in the north by antislaveryites who didn t trust Cass or Taylor. America received the majority of the area but Canada received the Halifax Quebec root. Stephen A. Underground Railroad 43. was successful. An ex-general from Wo1812. Douglas-he attended the constitutional convention of 1787 is famous for devising the Kansas-Nebraska Scheme which offset the Missouri compromise to try to help advocate westward expansion 31.28. Liberty Party 47. both failed horribly and the Spanish attacked the Black Warrior in retaliation. Millard Fillmore-replaced Zachary Taylor after his death as president 38. 30. James Gadsden-A railroad man Jefferson Davis appointed minister to Mexico.T. and purchased the Gadsden Purchase area for 10 mill. Multiple choice concepts: 1. this helped create the Southern Pacific Railroad 37. Calhoun-did not support the Manifest Destiny and Expansion into California believing that America would pay for it eventually.this was the idea that of each territory determine if slavery should exist it promoted the constitutional idea of self-determination. Seward. Kansas-Nebraska Act 45.Higher Law Seward . John C. Fugitive Slave Law42. William H. Lewis Cass-the democratic nomination for president in the 1848 campaign. fully supported the Kansas-Nebraska Bill 32. Rio Grande-The point at which Texans argued their territory ended. Franklin Pierce-democrat. marched his troops to prompt the Mexicans 29. which gave America the opportunity to interject and try to gain Cuba 40. antislaryite. Results of the cotton gin. where Z. Compromise of 1850 44. conscience Whigs B. 39.freebooter or pirate two expeditions occurred trying to overtake Cuba. John Brown 48.tried to obtain cuba but the word leaked and received an uproar. popular sovereignty.

Compare and Contrast all abolitionists. Reasons why a northerner would oppose an abolitionist. Increased the dependence on slavery 2. 12. 6. Increased the demand for labor f. Monopolized the south s economy c. Where was the land dispute between the US and GB in 1845? Where was the boundary eventually established? 23. Widened gap between rich and poor 3. Who profited most from the slave system and how did this affect the overall southern economy. harsh realities. Know and understand both sides of the argument. 7. family life. 5. Conclusions written by Phillips in Varying Viewpoints 17. The annexation of Texas proved to be controversial. Also know why the US finally decided to grant Texas statehood. Created a monopoly when small farmers had to forfeit their land to larger farm owners d. What types of people were attracted to migrate to Oregon? 21. How was the dispute over the border of Main resolved? 19. Felt responsible to serve the public d. Slavery in the South: black belt . Positives and negative characteristics of plantation agriculture. Served as an oligarchy of the southern political system b. Who developed the idea of re-colonizing black back to Africa? 14. Southern planters farmed larger acres of land c. ways of fighting the system. Southern subsistence farmers main crops. Effects of immigration on the south. motivation . 18. 13. 10. Accounted fro half of Americas exports 4. work assignments. Traits of the Cotton Kingdom a. Continuously needed more laves to support plantations that ran the cotton industry b. Improved the trade for northern trading outports c. John Tyler and his relationship with the Whig party. Free blacks: how did they gain freedom and how were they perceived. Stowe s account. a. 9. 8. 15. 11. Factors that led to the great increase of the slave population. The western world s perception of the American South. Role of the planter aristocracy a. What type of people wanted Polk to be nominated as a presidential candidate? 22. 16. Benefitted both north and south b. Population breakdown in the south (percentages regarding slavery). Notable facts concerning the election of 1844: who were the candidate and what were the central issues? . Cotton became the most profitable southern crop e. 20.a. Cotton became very profitable d.

29. What were spot resolutions and who introduced them? 26. What is Zachary Taylor s presidency most known for? 37. What were the goals of Mexico as they fought the U. Free Soilers slavery argument. defeating Mexico. President Polk wanted California badly. What event led to the passing of the Compromise of 1850? 42. History of California Who were the Californios and how did their life change over time? 31. 47. Results of the U. Kansas-Nebraska Act: define and know effects . 34. Significance of the slavery debate as it relates to the Mexican Cession. What did the Free Soil Party advocate? 35. 41. Transcontinental Railroad: why was this so important to Americans? 48. What type of people opposed President Polk s expansionist program? 28. 46. What was he willing to do to obtain it and what were the reasons the United States eventually went to war with Mexico? 25. Old Northwest or Alaska? 30. How successful were they and how were they limited. Reactions to the Compromise (North and South) 43. American leaders view of the Pacific NW and strategies involving its control. Define and understand significance of Wilmot Proviso. 40. Oregon country. What types were drawn to California during the Gold Rush? 39.S. 33. What was larger the Louisiana Purchase.S. in 1846-48? 27. How did the political parties deal with the slavery issue leading up to the 1850 s? 32. Define and understand reactions to the Fugitive Slave Law. 44.24. Examples of how southern slave-owners tried to expand slavery across US border lines. 38. Define and know the results of Webster s Seventh of March speech. Calhoun s plan involving slavery in the South. How and why did the Whig Party die? 45. What political strategy did the Whigs and the Democrats take going into the election of 1848? 36. Mexican Cession.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.