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You are on page 1of 5

This print-out should have 31 questions. The air pressure above the liquid in figure is

Multiple-choice questions may continue on 0.589 atm . The depth of the air bubble in the

the next column or page – find all choices liquid is 35.7 cm and the liquid’s density is

before answering. 820 kg/m3 .

air

001 10.0 points

Air within the funnel of a large tornado may

have a pressure of only 0.52 atm.

What is the approximate outward force F 35.7 cm

on a 8.9 m × 16 m wall if a tornado suddenly

envelopes the house? Atmospheric pressure is air

1.013 × 105 Pa.

Answer in units of N.

Determine the air pressure in the bubble

002 10.0 points

suspended in the liquid. The acceleration of

If a 1-megaton nuclear weapon is exploded gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

at ground level, the peak overpressure (that

Answer in units of Pa.

is, the pressure increase above normal atmo-

spheric pressure) will be 0.2 atm at a distance

007 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

of 6 km.

Engineers have developed a bathyscaph that

What force due to such an explosion will be

can reach ocean depths of 6.01 mi.

exerted on the side of a house with dimensions

If the density of seawater is about

2.14 m × 34.3 m?

1030 kg/m3 , what is the absolute pressure

Answer in units of N.

at that depth? The acceleration of gravity is

9.8 m/s2 .

003 10.0 points

Answer in units of Pa.

The four tires of an automobile are inflated to

a gauge pressure of 2.3 × 105 Pa. Each tire

008 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

has an area of 0.026 m2 in contact with the

If the inside of the vessel is maintained at

ground.

atmospheric pressure 1.013 × 105 Pa, what

Find the weight of the automobile.

is the net force on a porthole of diameter

Answer in units of N.

6.01 cm?

Answer in units of N.

004 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

A water bed is 1.94 m on each vertical side

009 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

and 24.3 cm high.

A reservoir behind a dam is 30 m deep.

Find its weight. The acceleration of grav-

What is the gauge pressure at the base

ity is 9.8 m/s2 and the density of water is

of the dam? The acceleration of grav-

1000 kg/m3 . 2

ity is 9.8 m/s and atmospheric pressure is

Answer in units of N.

10100 Pa .

Answer in units of kPa.

005 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

Find the pressure exerted on the floor when

010 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

the bed rests in its normal position. Assume

What is the gauge pressure 5.5 m from the

that the entire lower surface of the bed makes

top of the dam?

contact with the floor.

Answer in units of kPa.

Answer in units of Pa.

011 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

006 10.0 points

eng (re5556) – HW01 – horvitz – (92187) 2

A simple U-tube that is open at both ends

is partially filled with a liquid of density 013 10.0 points

424 kg/m3 . Water is then poured into one The small piston of a hydraulic lift has a

arm of the tube, forming a column 14 cm in cross-sectional area of 4.5 cm2 and the large

height, as shown in the diagram. piston has an area of 59 cm2 , as in the figure

below.

h1 F

area

light liquid 4.5 cm2

424 kg/m3

14 cm

59 cm2

1000 kg/m3 piston to maintain the load of 18 kN at a

constant elevation?

Answer in units of N.

What is the difference in the heights of the

two liquid surfaces? The density of heavy 014 10.0 points

liquid is 1000 kg/m3 . Piston 1 in the figure has a diameter of 0.26 in

Answer in units of cm. and is attached to a lever arm a distance 2 in

from the pivot point. Piston 2 has a diameter

012 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points of 1.3 in. An external force F acts on the

A simple U-tube that is open at both ends lever arm at a distance 11 in from piston 1 as

is partially filled with heavy liquid. A liquid shown below.

of density 424 kg/m3 is then poured into one

arm of the tube, forming a column 14 cm in

height, as shown. 466 lb

2 in

h2 11 in

2

14 cm light liquid 1

424 kg/m3

F

1000 kg/m3 F necessary to support the 466 lb weight.

Assume the height difference between the pis-

tons is negligible.

What is the difference in the heights of the Answer in units of lb.

two liquid surfaces?

Answer in units of cm.

eng (re5556) – HW01 – horvitz – (92187) 3

015 10.0 points

A hollow brass tube has outer diameter D =

2.2 cm. The tube is sealed at one end and

loaded with lead shot to give it a total mass

of M = 23 g. The tube floats in water (of

density 1 g/cm3 ) in vertical position, loaded

end down.

What is the depth of the bottom end of the

T2

tube? B

Answer in units of cm. b

Mg

016 10.0 points

Consider a spherical balloon submerged in

water. What is the force exerted by the wa-

At what depth does the buoyant force de- ter on the top of the block? (Take P0 =

1 1.013 × 105 Pa .) The acceleration of gravity

crease to of its surface value? Assume wa- is 9.8 m/s2 .

4.4

ter temperature does not change with depth Answer in units of N.

and use Pa = 1.01 × 105 Pa. The acceleration

of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 . 019 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points

Answer in units of m. What is the force exerted by the water on the

bottom of the block?

017 10.0 points Answer in units of N.

Two identical glasses are filled to the same

water level. One of the two glasses has ice 020 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points

cubes floating in it. What is the reading of the spring scale?

Which weighs more? Answer in units of N.

1. The glass with the ice cubes. 021 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points

What is the buoyant force?

2. The glass without the ice cubes. Answer in units of N.

Oil having a density of 926 kg/m3 floats on

018 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points water. A rectangular block of wood 4.42 cm

An 11.6 kg block of metal is suspended from a high and with a density of 960 kg/m3 floats

scale and immersed in water as in the figure. partly in the oil and partly in the water. The

The dimensions of the block are 12.9 cm × oil completely covers the block.

9.7 cm × 9.7 cm. The 12.9 cm dimension is

vertical, and the top of the block is 5.07 cm

oil

4.42 cm

WOOD

water

two liquids is the bottom of the block?

Answer in units of cm.

eng (re5556) – HW01 – horvitz – (92187) 4

023 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points What is the gauge pressure of the water

A beaker of mass 1.5 kg containing 2.3 kg of flowing through the constricted segment? At-

water rests on a scale. A 3.8 kg block of a mospheric pressure is 1.013 × 105 Pa . The

metallic alloy of density 2700 kg/m3 is sus- density of water is 1000 kg/m3 . The viscosity

pended from a spring scale and is submerged of water is negligible.

in the water of density 1000 kg/m3 as shown Answer in units of atm.

in the figure.

027 10.0 points

A liquid of density 1399 kg/m3 flows with

speed 2.69 m/s into a pipe of diameter 0.16 m .

The diameter of the pipe decreases to 0.05 m

at its exit end. The exit end of the pipe is

5.48 m lower than the entrance of the pipe,

3.8 kg and the pressure at the exit of the pipe is

1.2 atm .

P1

2.69 m/s P2 1.2 atm 5.48 m

acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 . 0.16 m

Answer in units of N.

What does the lower scale read? 0.05 m

Answer in units of N. Applying Bernoulli’s principle, what is

the pressure P1 at the entrance end of the

025 10.0 points pipe? Assume the viscosity of the fluid

A cowboy at a dude ranch fills a horse trough is negligible and the fluid is incompressible.

that is 1.5 m long, 72 cm wide, and 49 cm The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 and

deep. He uses a 2.7 cm diameter hose from Patm = 1.013 × 105 Pa.

which water emerges at 3 m/s . Answer in units of Pa.

How long does it take him to fill the trough?

Answer in units of min. 028 10.0 points

You are visiting a winery for a wine tasting. A

026 10.0 points large storage barrel (diameter 4.9 m) is filled

Water flows at speed of 5.8 m/s through a to a height of 280 cm . The barrel has on its

horizontal pipe of diameter 3.3 cm . The gauge top a small hole to guarantee contact with the

pressure P1 of the water in the pipe is 1.4 atm . atmospheric pressure. The tap of the barrel

A short segment of the pipe is constricted to is at a height of 13 cm from the bottom of the

a smaller diameter of 2.4 cm . barrel. The opening of the tap faces towards

1.4 atm you and does not point downward.

P1 P2

5.8 m/s v2

3.3 cm 2.4 cm

eng (re5556) – HW01 – horvitz – (92187) 5

has a 30 cm radius. Take the pressure in the

section with radius 70 cm to be 190 kPa and

the density of oil to be 800 kg/m3 . Assume

laminar nonviscous flow.

Answer in units of kPa.

The picture below shows water forced out of

280 cm

water jets out at speed 8.87 m/s from a nozzle

located at height 1.11 m above the water level

inside the extinguisher.

13 cm

v

x h

If you hold your wine glass at the same

height level as the bottom of the barrel, how Calculate the gauge pressure of the com-

far away from the tap do you have to hold the pressed air inside the extinguisher; that is,

glass so that the wine stream hits it exactly? the pressure difference

Answer in units of cm.

gauge inside outside

Pair = Pair − Pair .

029 10.0 points

A large storage tank is filled to a height 78 cm. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 . Water

The tank is punctured with a small hole at a density is 1000 kg/m3 and the extinguisher’s

height 37 cm from the bottom of the tank. body is much wider than the water jet.

Answer in units of kPa.

h0 h

Assume that the tank is very large so that the

velocity of the liquid at the top of the tank is

zero.

Answer in units of cm.

The $8-billion, 820 mile long Alaskan Pipeline

has a capacity of 2.3 × 105 m3 /day of oil per

day. Along most of the pipeline the radius is

70 cm .

Find the pressure at a point where the pipe

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