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SKEMA JAWAPAN
PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK ( 1 ) SPM 2010
BIOLOGI KERTAS 3
1 (a) KB061001 – Collect the data*

Group P-7.5 cm
Group Q-6.5 cm
Group R-5.0 cm
Group S-4.0 cm

2 3 correct

1 2 correct

## 1 (b) (i) KB0601 - Observation

Score Criteria
3 Able to state two different observations correctly

1. The final length of the potato strip immersed in 0% sucrose solution is 7.5 cm

2. The final length of the potato strip immersed in 10% sucrose solution is 4.0 cm

3. The final length of the potato strip immersed in 3% sucrose solution is 6.5 cm

4. The final length of the potato strip immersed in 5% sucrose solution is 5.0 cm

## 2 Able to state any one observation correctly. or

Able to state any two incomplete observations ( any 2 criteria)

1. The final length of the potato strip immersed in 0% sucrose solution is more than the
final length of the potato strip immersed in 10% sucrose solution

2. The final length of the potato strip immersed in 5% sucrose solution is less than the
final length of the potato strip immersed in 3% sucrose solution.

## 1 Able to state any one idea of observation.(any 1criterion)

1. The final length of the potato strip different.

2. The final length of the potato strip immersed in 0% sucrose solution is longest.

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## 1 (b) (ii) [KB0604 - Making inferences]

Score Criteria
3 Able to state two inferences correctly

1. For the 0% sucrose solution/distilled water or 3% sucrose solution the increase in
length is caused by the diffusion of water molecule into the cell sap by osmosis.

2. For the 10% sucrose solution the decrease in length is caused by the diffusion of water
molecule from the cell sap by osmosis.

3. For the 5% sucrose solution there is no change in length as the rate of diffusion of
water molecule into the cell sap is the same as the rate of diffusion of water molecule
out of the cell sap.

## 2 Able to make one logical inference for any one observation or

Able to make one logical and incomplete inference base on one criterion for each
observation.

1. For the 0% sucrose solution/distilled water or 3% sucrose solution the increase in
length is caused by the diffusion of water molecule.

2. For the 10% sucrose solution the decrease in length is caused by the diffusion of water
molecule

3. For the 5% sucrose solution there is no change in length as the rate of diffusion of
water.

## 1 Able to make an idea of inference with one criterion.

1. For the 0% sucrose solution/distilled water or 3% sucrose solution the increase
in length

## 0 Not able to response or wrong response.

( Hypothesis statement is not accepted )

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## Variable Method to handle the variable

Pemboleh ubah Cara mengendali pemboleh ubah
Manipulated variable:
Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan Use different concentration of sucrose solution of sucrose
solutions: 0%, 3%, 5% and 10%
Concentration of sucrose solutions

Responding variable:
Pembolehubah bergerak balas
Measure the final length by using the given scale
Final length of potato strips/ change ( Measure – verb )
in length of potato strips/ percentage
change in length of potato strips

Constant variable:
Pembolehubah dimalarkan

The duration/time of immersion/ size Fix the time duration for the immersion of the potato strips /
of potato strips/ volume of sucrose fix the diameter of the potato strips by using the same cork
solution borer for all strips/ measure the same volume of sucrose
solution using a measuring cylinder

Score Criteria
3 All 6 ticks
2 4 to 5 ticks
1 2 to 3 ticks
0 None of the above or no response

## 1(d) KB0611- Making Hypothesis

Score Criteria
3 Able to state a hypothesis to show a relationship between the manipulated variable and
responding variable and the hypothesis can be validated, based on 3 criteria:
• K1-manipulated variable – Concentration of sucrose solutions

## • K2-responding variable – Final length of potato strips/ change in length of

potato strips/ percentage change in length of potato strips

## • K3-relationship / relate K1 with K2

1. The higher the concentration of sucrose solution, the shorter the length of the potato
strips.
2. The lower the concentration of sucrose solution, the longer the length of the potato
strips.

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2 Able to state less accurate hypothesis to show a relationship between manipulated variable
and responding variable base on 2 criteria.

1. The increase of the concentration of sucrose solution influences/ affects the final length
of potato strips.
2. The percentage in length of potato strip is affected by concentration of sucrose solution.

1 Able to state idea of hypothesis to show a relationship between manipulated variable and
responding variable base on 1 criterion.

1. Final length of potato strip/concentration of sucrose solution changes.
2. As the final length of potato strip increases the percentage change increases.

## 1 (e) KB0606 – Communicating

Score Criteria
3 Able to construct a table correctly with the following aspects:

## 1. Able to state all title with unit correctly.

2. Able to record all the data correctly
3. Able to calculate and record percentage change correctly.

## Concentration of sucrose solution (%)

Aspect
0 3 5 10
Initial 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
length/cm
Final 7.5 6.5 5.0 4.0
length/cm
Change in +2.5 +1.5 0 -1.0
length/cm

## 2 Able to record any 2 aspects correctly

1 Able to record any 1 aspect correctly
0 No response or wrong response.

## 1(f) KB0612-Relationship between space and time

Score Criteria
3 Able to draw a graph according to the following aspects:
1. X-axis and Y- axis with correct scales and unit (P-paksi)
2. correct transfer of point/coordinates (T-titik)
3. correct shape of curve (B-Bentuk)

## 2 Any two criteria correct

1 Any one criterion correct
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## 1(g) KB0608 – Interpreting Data

Score Criteria
3 Able to state the value, unit and explanation correctly.

Concentration of sucrose solution which is isotonic to the cell sap is 5%

E- From the graph the point where the graph cuts the X-axis indicates the concentration of
sucrose solution that does not cause any changes to the length of the potato strips.

2 Able to state the value correctly but no unit and correct explanation given.

## (h) KB0605 – Predicting

Score Criteria
3 Able to give correct prediction based on scientific reasoning.

The potato strip will become shorter with the length 3.5 cm and softer. This is because of
more water molecule diffuse out from the cell sap to the hypertonic solution.

## (i) KB0609 - Define operationally

Score Criteria
3 Able to define operationally based on the result of the experiment with the 3 following
aspects :

K1-Sucrose solution
K2- Potato strips
K3- Show no change in length

Isotonic concentration is the concentration of sucrose solution that causes no change in the
length of potato strips that immersed in it.
2 Able to state on 2 following aspects.

## 1 Able to state the base on 1 following aspects.

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## (j) KB0602 – Classifying

Score Criteria
3 Able to classify correctly and completely.

## 0% sucrose solution/ distilled Hypotonic solution

water
3% sucrose Hypotonic solution
5% sucrose Isotonic solution
10% sucrose Hypertonic solution

## 1 Able to classify 2 classification s correctly

0 Able to classify 1 pairs or none of above or no response.

Question 2
KB061201 Problem Statement
01
Score Criteria
3 Able to state the problem statement of the experiment correctly that include criteria:
 (P1)-Manipulate variables – type of fruit juices
P1+P2+H  (P2)-Responding variables – the concentration of vitamin C in fruit juice
 (H)-Relationship in question form and question symbol [?]

1. Which fruit juice contains a higher/the highest/the lower/lowest
concentration/percentage of vitamin C?

2 Able to state the problem statement of the experiment with two criteria.

1. Does guava has the highest concentration/percentage of vitamin C?
2. What is the content of vitamin C in fruit juice/guava, pineapple and Lime?

## 1 Able to state the of problem statement with one criteria.

P1,xP2,xH
Does the guava/pineapple/Lime contain C?
Does the fruit contain vitamin C?

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0 Wrong or no response
x

Objective of investigation
Score Criteria
 To investigate the type of fruit juices on the concentration of vitamin C in fruit juice.

KB061202 Hypothesis
02
Score Criteria
3 Able to state the hypothesis correctly according to the criteria:
 Manipulate variables-P1
P1+P2+H  Responding variables-P2
 Relationship of the variables-H= higher….compared to…

1. Lime juice contains higher concentration/percentage of vitamin C compared to
pineapple juice and guava juice.
2. Concentration of vitamin C is higher in Lime juice compare in pineapple and guava.

## 2 Able to state the hypothesis with two criteria

1. Lime juice contains higher concentration/percentage of vitamin C.

## 1 Able to state the idea of the hypothesis.

P1,xP2,xH
1. Guava/Lime/pineapple contains vitamin C.
2. Fruits contain vitamin C.

0 Wrong or no response
x

Variables
Score Criteria
 Able to state the three variables correctly
(All
three
variables
must be Manipulated variable : Type of fruit (juice)
correct)
Responding variable : Percentage/concentration of vitamin C in fruit juices
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## Controlled variable : Volume fruit juices / concentration of DPIP

solution /standard concentration of ascorbic acid
solution.

05
KB061205 Materials and Apparatus
Score Criteria
3 Able to state all functional materials = 5*materials + 3*apparatus

Materials: *freshly prepared Pineapple juice, Lime juice, guava juice, *0.1 % ascorbic
acid solution, *DCPIP solution,
Apparatus: *5 ml syringe (with needle), 1 ml syringe, specimen tubes, 5 ml measuring
cylinder
2 Able to state all functional materials / 3/4*materials + 2*apparatus

1 Able to state all functional materials / 2*materials + 1/2*apparatus for the experiment.

0 Cannot state the functional materials and apparatus.
x

Technique
Score Criteria
 Able to state the action on responding variable with an apparatus.

(B1=1) Measure and record the volume of fruit juice needed to decolourise 1 ml DCPIP
solution using a (5 ml) syringe

Or

## Calculate the concentration of vitamin C in fruit juices by using a formula :

Concentration of vitamin C in fruit juices (mg cm -3 ). =

## volume of 0.1% ascorbic acid to decolourise 1 ml DCPIP solution (ml) x 1.0

volume of fruit juice to decolourise 1 ml DCPIP solution (ml)

Or

## Calculate the percentage of vitamin C in fruit juices by using a formula :

Percentage of vitamin C in fruit juices. =

## volume of 0.1% ascorbic acid to decolourise 1 ml DCPIP solution (ml) x 0.1%

volume of fruit juice to decolourise 1 ml DCPIP solution (ml)

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KB061204 Procedure
04
Score Criteria
3 Able to state five procedures K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5 correctly.
 K1 : Preparation of materials & apparatus
(All 5K=3m) K2 : Operating fixed variable
K3 : Operating manipulated variable
K4: Operating responding variable
K5 : Precaution

2 Able to state three or four of any procedures K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5 correctly

3-4K=2m

1 Able to state two of any procedures K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5 correctly

2K=2m

0 Able to state one of any procedures K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5 correctly

1K=0m

Example of Procedure:
K1 : Preparation of materials & apparatus
- Place DCPIP solution in a specimen tube using a 1 ml syringe
- Fill the 5 ml syringe with 0.1% ascorbic acid solution.
- Add the ascorbic acid solution into the DCPIP solution until the DCPIP solution
is decolourised
- Repeat the experiment using first manipulated variable (fruit juice)
- Tabulate all data
- Calculate the percentage/concentration of vitamin C in each fruit juice/volume
of fruit juices needed to decolourise 1 ml of DCPIP

## K2 : Operating fixed variable

- volume or concentration of DCPIP solution mentioned and fixed in each experiment

## K3 : Operating manipulated variable

-measure the volume of fruit juices used to decolourise the DCPIP solution// record the
volume of fruit juices used to decolourise the DCPIP solution in a table

## K4: Operating responding variable

-use different type of fruit juices in each experiment i.e guava juice, pineapple juice and
Lime juice

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## K5 : Precaution/accuracy of experiment (Any one)

-place/immerse the needle of the syringe into the DCPIP solution
-Do not shake the tube vigorously
-repeat the experiment for each fruit juice to get the average volume of fruit juice used
to decolurise the DCPIP solution

Sample procedure:

## 1. 1 ml of DCPIP solution is placed in a specimen tube using a 1 ml syringe

2. 5 ml syringe was filled with 5 ml of 0.1% ascorbic acid solution.
3. The needle of the 5 ml syringe was immersed into the DCPIP solution.
4. Ascorbic acid solution was added drop by drop until the DCPIP solution, and gently
stirred with the needle of the syringe. (Do not shake the tube vigorously).
5. Ascorbic acid solution is added continuously until the DCPIP solution is decolourise.
6. The volume of ascorbic acid solution used is recorded.
7. Step 1-6 are repeated using fresh guava, pineapple and Lime juice.
8. The volume of fruit juices required to decolourise the DCPIP solution in each fruit
juice is recorded in a table.
9. The percentage and the concentration of vitamin C in each fruit juice are calculated.

## Recording Data (Results)

Score Criteria
 Able to tabulate the correct a table to record all data with headings and units.
- 3 title with correct units (where concern)
Bonus - No data is required
(B2=1m) - Refer to sample result

## Solution/ Volume of solution/fruit juice needed to Percentage Concentration

fruit juice decolurise 1 ml of DCPIP solution (ml) of vitamin C of vitamin C
(%) (mg cm -3)
1 2 3 average
0.1%
ascorbic
acid
Pineapple
juice
Lime juice
Guava
juice

Conclusion
Score Criteria
 Able to rewrite or restate the hypothesis correctly and followed by hypothesis is accepted.

Lime fruit juice contains a higher concentration of vitamin C than pineapple and guava.
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Hypothesis is accepted.

## KB061203 Planning the Experiment 03

Score Criteria
3m Able to plan the experiment based on 7 – 9 (  ) of the following criteria:
 Statement of identified problem
(7-9)  Objective of study
 Variables
 Statement of hypothesis
 List of materials and apparatus
 Technique used
 Experimental procedures
 Presentation of data
 Conclusion
2m Able to plan the experiment based on 4 – 6 (  ) of the criteria.
(4-6)
1m Able to plan the experiment based on 1 – 3 (  ) of the criteria.

(1-3)

0 No response
x

END OF PAPER

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