Jay R. Smith Mfg. Co.

Engineer's Handbook of Water Hammer Arresters

P.O. Box 3237 Montgomery, AL 36109-0237 P: 334-277-8520 F: 334-272-7396 www.jrsmith.com

SMITH ®
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Stainless Steel Bellow Units and a Generation of Innovative Piston Units

CUSTOMER DRIVEN

Table of Contents

Page 1 .................................................................................................................................. Index Page 2 ..............................................................................................Conversions and Equivalents Page 3,4 ................................ Engineered Mechanical Water Hammer Arresters Technical Data Page 5................................................................ Design, Construction and Operation Hydrotrols Page 6,7 ........................................................ Sizing and Placement of Water Hammer Arresters Page 8......................................................Stainless Steel Bellows Type Water Hammer Arresters Page 9 ......................................................................................5005 to 5050 Hydrotrol Submittal Page 10 ..................................................................................5060 Hy-Duty Hydrotrol Submittal Page 11 ..............................................................................Piston Type Water Hammer Arresters Page 12 ..................................................................................520-T Series Piston Type Submittal Page 13................................................................................520-SC Series Piston Type Submittal Page 14 ............................................................................................Fixture Unit Demand Charts Page 15 ..........................................................Pipe Sizing Data for Copper Tubing-Smooth Pipe Page 16................................................................................Pipe Sizing Data-Fairly Smooth Pipe Page 17 ................................................................................Pipe Sizing Data-Fairly Rough Pipe Page 18 ............................................................................................Pipe Sizing Data-Rough Pipe Page 19 ........................................................................................................ Kinetic Energy Chart Page 20 .................................................................................................... Questions and Answers

SMITH ® JAY R.

SMITH MFG. CO.
DIVISION OF SMITH INDUSTRIES, INC.
CUSTOMER DRIVEN

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POST OFFICE BOX 3237 MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA 36109-0237 (USA) TEL: 334-277-8520 FAX: 334-272-7396 www.jrsmith.com

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01604 0.001 10 100 1000 Respectively 2 .2 1440 24 1 172. per sec.5 0.0 Pounds X 9/5 ths.25 Square Yards = 1 Square Rod 160 Square Yards = 1 Acre 640 Acres = 1 Square Mile CUBIC MEASURE EQUIVALENTS 1728 Cubic Inches = 1 Cubic Foot 27 Cubic Feet = 1 Cubic Yard TO U.S.91 1. Centimeters Sq.2 0. per min.9 0. Ft.00 500 8. Gallons per hr.005788 1 1/60 Lb.3350 0. 60 448. = cu.1986 0.929.035 2.3350 0.316. Gallons per 24 hr. = gal.1337 1 0.3 To Obtain Inches Inches Feet Miles Sq. + 32 -32 X 5/9 ths To Obtain Centimeters Centimeters Meters Kilometers Sq. = lb.62 0. per sec. STANDARD Known LENGTH Millimeters Centimeters Meters Kilometers AREA Sq.002280 1/60 9283x10-5 6944x10-4 0.83 60 1 1/24 7. = Cu. Inches Sq. per min.S.0020 U.8 2.83 1 7. Yards Sq. Centimeters Sq.95 3. Miles Acres Ounces Pounds Short Ton Pints Quarts Gallons Cubic Feet Cubic Yards Multiply By 2.16 10. per 24 hr. Feet Sq.09 0. Meters Sq. 26.7638 1.47 0. Meters Sq.1200 2673x10-3 0.8 0.S.4 2.4 28 0. per hr.460 3741.45 0.54 30 0. 3741.S.1 0.7658 2. numbers are often expressed as factors of appropriate powers of 10.8 10. Feet Sq. = lb.3 0. H2O per hr.8794 Lb. H2O per hr. = gal.771. H2O per min.0360 Pound . Yards Sq.1200 U.4805 0. Ft.76 Flow Equivalents 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 cu.1 2. Miles Acres MASS Ounces Pounds Short Ton VOLUME Pints Quarts Gallons Cubic Feet Cubic Yards .433 Pound 62. 1 1/60 0.26 35 1.00 62.33 Pounds 10.9 448.3473 60 1 EXPONENTIAL METHOD OF EXPRESSING NUMBERS For convenience in writing & manipulation.1389 0.47 0. ft.6 0.002228 3713x10-5 1547x10-6 2673x10-3 4455x10-5 Cu. Meters Sq.4 3. Gallons per min.01 0. U.2 1. 224. Gallon = 1 Imperial Gallon= TEMPERTURE Celsius (Centigrade) Fahrenheit TO METRIC Known LENGTH Inches Foot Yards Miles AREA Sq.04 0. Kilometers Hectares MASS Grams Kilograms Metric Ton VOLUME Liters Liters Liters Cubic Meters Cubic Meters Multiply By 0. = gal.06 0.03 0. per min.3 Pounds 7. Gallons 8.35 8. The figures: 10-1 10-2 10-3 101 102 103 Denote 0. ft. H2O per min. Kilometers Hectares Grams Kilograms Metric Ton Liters Liters Liters Cubic Meters Cubic Meters SQUARE MEASURE EQUIVALENTS 144 Square Inches = 1 Square Foot 9 Square Feet = 1 Square Yard 30.6 6. Meters Sq.CONVERSIONS AND EQUIVALENTS WEIGHT OF WATER 1 Cubic Inch = 12 Cubic Inches = 1 Cubic Foot = 1 Cubic Foot = 1 U.S.1 1.48 U. 646.S. Inches Sq.

Water.mass of water which is flowing V . which tend to increase the possibility to water hammer problems. piles up against the seat of the quick closeing valve and a shock wave is created which rebounds back and forth in the piping system. This sequence of pressure wave generation continues until it is dampened out and the energy is dissipated. equipment.the length of pipe in feet from point of valve closure to point of relief Point of relief is a larger mass of water in the system to which the branch is connected.acceleration due to gravity . CUSTOMER DRIVEN DEFINITION Water Hammer is a term used to define the destructive forces. . The tremendous forces generated at the point of impact or stoppage can be compared in effect to that of an explosion.1 (a) depicts water discharging freely through a quick closing valve. Most systems are designed to have flow velocities between 5 and 10 feet per second. Shock waves of the magnitube shown can cause tremendous damage and inconvenience. Modern plumbing fixtures use qick closing handle trim and single lever faucets. This pressure rise a can be calculated by using Joukowsky’s formula. This is not necessarily so.32. This is known as kinetic energy and can be calculated by using the formula: 2 KE = MV 2g PR = WaV 144g (PSI) PR . . Therefore. it is imperative that protection against water hammer is designed into the original water distribution system of all buildings. Point of relief could be a larger diameter main or riser. this kinetic energy must be absorbed. Fig. ./Sec. 2 (32. At the point of relief there is a reversal in pressure wave and it travels back toward the point of closure. 1 (c) indicates the shock wave rebounding all the way to the main or some point of relief. Therefore. 1 (b) shows the piping after quick closure. pneumatic or spring-loaded valves as well as quick hand closure of fixture trim. pounding noises.pressure rise above flow pressure in pounds per square inch W. therefore. pounds per cubic feet (62. 1 shows the unprotected system which was subjected to quick closure. Fig. water tank or hot water boiler. SAFE LIMITS OF PRESSURE RISE Most plumbing valves and fittings are designed for 150 pound maximum working pressure. shock pressures can range between 300 and 600 pounds per square inch.SMITH ® ENGINEERED MECHANICAL WATER HAMMER ARRESTERS SHOCK INTENSITY Quick valve closure is defined as the closure time equal to or less than 2L seconds.S. feet per second (4. This will cause maximum pressure rise.I. Fig. Under these conditions the piping system is still subjected to the destructive forces of water hammer and the resultant damage. . . Peak .the specific weight of liquid.feet per second g.2 Ft. and any other miscellaneous equipment in the system Loss of business and goodwill when vital services must be curtailed for any of the reasons listed above (A) The destructive forces of water hammer working progressively on a system can cause premature failure of the piping. 3 .2 When the flow of water in a system is abruptly stopped.2) L .velocitry of flow g . CAUSE AND EFFECT Water Hammer is caused by the quick closing of electrial. Fig. In an unprotected piping system this energy is dissipated by straining and expanding the piping and various components in the system and is accompanied by a dangerous pressure rise in the system. and controls./Sec. gauges. Water hammer can occur without any audible sound or vibration. (Connected to Oscillograph) Quick Closing Valve TYPICAL HIGH PRESSURE RISE IN SYSTEM UNPROTECTED AS SEEN ON AN OSCILLOGRAPH 480 P. Water distribution systems unprotected against the destructive forces of water hammer can cause: KE . 1 The shock wave created by a quick closure travels through the piping system from the point of closure to the point of relief at approximately 4. Fig. being non-compressible. Water flowing through a pipe has a definite amount of energy of flow. . and vibrations which develop in a piping system when a column of non-compressible liquid flowing through a pipe line at a given pressure and velocity is stopped abruptly.000 to 4. . it is desirable that the pressure rise due to quick closure be kept under the 150 pound per square inch figure.500 feet per second.000 to 4.acceleration due to gravity .Ft. YOU CAN’T ALWAYS “HEAR” WATER HAMMER (B) (C) Fig.4 for water) a -the velocity of pressure wave.500 feet per second average for water) V -the change of velocity . It is commonly thought that water hammer exists only when accompanied by hammering sounds and rattling noises.kinetic energy M . 1 illustrates the sequence of flow when a valve or quick closing is suddenly closed. Quick closure can produce an approximate pressure rise of 60 times the velocity of flow. Ruptured piping Offensive noise and vibration Damaged water meter Damage and possible rupture of tanks and water heaters Leaks at threaded connections Damaged valves Damaged to various pressure regulartors.

This is conclusive and documented proof that air chambers very quickly become water logged and offer no protection to the system against the destructive forces of water hammer. AIR CHAMBERS MUST BE CONSTANTLY MAINTAINED -Air chambers vary quickly become water logged and must be constantly maintained if they are to offer even minimal amount of protection. the amount of air change loss is dependent in the magnitude of the static water pressure. The unit was considered as having failed when it allowed the pressure rise in the system to go above 150 P.G.7” 3/4 50 Ft.G.2 NO V Air Change (no Static pressure) 2 AIR C ER MB HA HYDROTROL V = remaining air change after static water pressure is applied 2 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10. Conditions Cu.G. flow pressure and velocity.CONTROL OF WATER HAMMER The old conventional method of controlling water hammer has been the “pipe capped air chamber. The Smith HYDROTROL is a device which offers positive protection. an air chamber subjected to intial pressure of 45 pounds per square inch will lose 75% of its intial air volume. PERMANET PERFORMANCE HYDROTROL continues to function for the life-time of the piping. Fig.) SMALL IN SIZE HYDROTROL shown is certified to out perform excessively large “Ideally Sized Air Chamber” COMPARITIVE ENDURANCE TEST 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 AM AIR CH Fig. This type of maintenance on a periodic basis is very expensive and in most building is impossible to perform.000 HIGH IN PERFORMANCE Limits pressure use to under 150 P.5” 2 10 Ft.G. titled “WATER SUPPLY PIPING FOR THE PLUMBING SYSTEM” determined after a series of tests. even though the air chamber cannot control water hammer due to many inherent limitations. HYDROTROLS are completely described on the following pages.I. Mechanical Water Hammer Arrester. it must be concluded that the only modern means of protection of the water distribution system from the destructive forces of water hammer is the installation of an “Engineered. A. S. It is also interesting to note that in sizing the “ideal air chamber” the pipe diameter of the chamber is increased one nominal size so that the necessary volume can be attained. In. Table 1 indicates some of their recommendations. The Solution SMITH HYDROTROL An Engineered. Table 1 also shows some typical results of tests run on “ideally sized air chambers. As an example. MAX SURGE PRESSURE (P. Therefore.I. 110 1 1/2 54” 1 1/2 Velocity 170 2 50.S.1 NO BER . Dawson and A. Total 1st Hour 2nd Day 1st Hour 3rd Day 1st Hour 2nd Day 1st Hour 2nd Day 1st Hour 1st Day 1st Hour 2nd Day Table 1 Extremely large air chambers are necessary to temporarily control water hammer shock to acceptable levels. Air chambers are found to be as short as just several inches to a maximum of 18 inches as specified in some codes. AIR CHAMBERS LOSE MOST OF THEIR INITIAL AIR VOLUME WHEN STATIC WATER PURESSURE IS APPLIED Most of the air change in a newly changed air chamber is depleted when the initial pressure is turned on the system. It may be concluded that “ideally sized air chambers” are excessive in size. the recommended volume of air chambers for various conditions of pipe size. Conclusive tests performed at an independent testing laboratory prove that even “ideally sized air chambers” (sized by the Dawson and Kelinske method) will quickly become water logged and ineffective. 1/2 Length Pipe 30 3/4 56. When water pressure is applied to the system.I.S. Therefore. 4 . Mechanical WAT E R H A M M E R A R R E S T E R The extreme limitations of the air chamber have been conclusively proven and documented by independent testing laboratories and university researchers.I.” All air chambers show in the table failed within the first hour. AIR CHAMBERS OFFER ONLY TEMPORARY PROTECTION Pipe capped air chambers quickly become water logged (completely filled with water) and are rendered ineffective in the system. The same air chambers were completely water logged within three days. since the water supply system cannot be shut down. 2 shows a fully changed air chamber with no pressure applied to the system. 300 3 40. this antiquated method is still used. M. Traditionally. air chambers have been installed using random lengths of pipe.S. 50 1 58. 2 . usually the same nominal size as the branch to which they are connected.2” 1 Flow Pressure 75 1 1/4 50” 1 1/4 60 P. Kalinske of the Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research in their Technical Bulletin #3.I.” REQUIRED AIR CHAMBER Nominal FLOW Volume Diameter Hight Pipe Dia.S.5” FAILURE Exceeded 150 P. length of run.” Unforturately. Recharing often can be accomplished only by draining the complete system. the usual short air chamber made of random length pieces of pipe offers extremely limited protection.S./Sec.

This expanding movement of the bellows provides the displacement required to absorb and control the shock pressure generated in the line. Unit absorbing shock • • As shock occurs. which prevents the bellows from over-expanding and coming into contact with the top of the compression chamber. Threaded Nipple Connection–Threads directly into tee. so that shock waves do not bounce back into the piping system and acts to quickly stabilize the water and piping system. As hydrostatic shock occurs. the HYDROTROL unit is constructed entirely of stainless steel. Controls bellows expansion under normal water-line pressure so that full expansion capacity is available to control shock. Bellows in expanded position due to the hydrostatic shock in the system. With HYDROTROL'S in-line design. and cannot be subjected to excessive stresses or strains which might cause metal fatigue and bellows failure. 5 .Design • Construction • Operation Built to last without mechanical failure or material deterioration. HYDROTROL uses heavy duty balanced expansion bellows to internally absorb the hydrostatic shock pressure occurring in water lines.needs no support straps •Requires no service or maintenance •Extremely durable . thereby providing the maximum surface area for absorbing and dissipating the shock pressure into the pneumatic cushion. creating a pneumatic pressure cushion which absorbs and controls shock. bellows expand. these pressures cause the bellows to expand into the pneumatic cushion of the compression chamber. Stainless steel construction combined with unique engineered design make HYDROTROL - •Compact in size •Big in performance •Maximum capacity •Light-weight . These bellows are both pneumatically and hydraulically controlled in a pressurized expansion chamber so that they never come into metal to metal contact with other parts of the unit. Welded Nesting–Type Expansion Bellows In-Line Design–Direct action type bellows respond instantly to control shock pressure. The force of the shock expanding the bellows creates a self-energizing pneumatic pressure. The bellows are of balanced design and construction with heavier and stronger convolutions positioned in the bellows assembly to insure each convolution expanding evenly and equally. so that they respond instantaneously in absorbing and controlling hydrostatic shock. The combined cushioning effect of both the pneumatic and hydraulic pressures governs the bellows action. so that the full bellows expansion capacity is available for controlling hydrostatic shock. expansion bellows are an integral part of the waterline.May be installed in concealed areas Bellows in normal position • • • • Pressurized compression chamber charged and factory sealed. A pressurized compression chamber provides a pneumatic cushion that governs the bellows' expansion under normal waterline pressure.

covers multiple fixture branch lines which do not exceed 20 ft.. = 6 Total 36 Total 6 Select P. "A" unit Select correct size HYDROTROL using Table 2. in length. "A" (Fig. 10 6 5 3 10 5 3 1 1/2 1 1/2 1 1 2 3 1 1/2 1 1/2 2 3 1 2 8 3 6 3 1 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 Find fixture unit weight of each fixture using Table 1. 5010) P. "B" Unit Select P. at 5 F.D.D.U. this method offers a simple fast determination of the proper size water hammer arrester for a given battery of plumbing fixtures. Table 2 takes into consideration other design factors including the simultaneous usage of one or more fixtures.. = 20 Hot Water Branch 4 Lav..D..W.. Cold Water Branch Hot Water Branch Fig. Riser HYDROTROL Typical Branch Line NOTE: When Water Pressure in line exceeds 65 psi. The sum of the Fixture Unit Ratings of units X and Y shall be equal to or greater than the demand of the branch. in length. at 1 1/2 F. Total the fixture unit weights for both hot and cold water branches..D.. 5005 PLACEMENT It has been established that the preferred location for the water hammer arrester is at the end of the branch line between the last two fixtures served. 6 .. certified water hammer arrester categories and the corresponding Smith HYDROTROL for each category.I.. "A" (Fig. Table 1 indicates the fixture unit weights for most popular plumbing fixtures and is based upon information offered in the National Plumbing Code. in length. Cold Water Branch 2 WC..D. HYDROTROL SIZING TABLE P.Single and Multiple Fixture Branch Lines Most engineers employ the fixture unit method of sizing water piping systems. 5005 Rule 2. C. Standard Manual WH-201. at 1 1/2 F. 5005) Rule 1.. .I. SIZING P. Cold Water Branch 2 WC. Rule 1 UP TO 20 FT X P. Table 2 LPlumbing and Drainage Institute established these size symbols to correspond to those units covered by the Certification and Testing Program described in P.D. Smith uses the P..I..SIZING AND PLACEMENT OF HYDROTROLS All Sizing and Placement Data is in Accordance with Plumbing and Drainage Institute Standard PDI WH-201 SIZING .W.. "C" unit Select P.I... ea. and another for branches over 20 ft.D. at 1 1/2 F.D.U. covers multiple fixture branch lines which do exceed 20 ft. length.I.I.one for branches up to 20 ft. 5010 Fig.U. = 6 . ea. Hydrotrol Sizing Table 2 is used to select the required unit. LSYMBOLS HYDROTROL Fixture Unit Rating A 5005 1-11 B 5010 12-32 C 5020 33-60 D 5030 61-113 E 5040 114-154 F 5050 155-330 Two basic rules were established . at 10 F. Hydrotrol Sizing Table 2 is used to select the required units. = 6 Total 26 Total 6 Select P. Where several fixtures are installed in a branch usually only one fixture valve at a time will be closed. ea..I.W.U. ea.D.W. Total the fixture units weights for both hot and cold branches..U. 4 Lav.U. ea. H. Cold Water Branch Hot Water Branch Fig.I. in length.. 5005) Example 2 Fixture Water Closet Water Closet Pedestal Urinal Stall or Wall Urinal Stall or Wall Urinal Lavatory Bathtub Shower Head Bathroom Group Bathroom Group Separate Shower Service Sink Laundry Tubs (1-3) Combination Fixture Weight in Fixture Units Public Private C. 5020) P.I. simplified method of sizing HYDROTROLS based on fixture unit weight. 5020 Fig.D. at 10 F.I. ea.D. pipe size.= 20 2 Ur.. Type of Supply Control Flush Valve Flush Tank Flush Valve Flush Valve Flush Tank Faucet Faucet Mixing Valve Flush Valve Closet Flush Tank Closet Mixing Valve Faucet Faucet Faucet Table 1 Table 2 indicates fixture unit ratings for P. Therefore. ea. = 6 4 Lav.D. "B" (Fig.U. "C" (Fig. "A" unit Select correct size HYDROTROL using Table 2. = 10 Hot Water Branch 4 Lav. Rule 2 OVER 20 FT Y X Example 1 Find fixture unit weight of each fixture using Table 1. H. specify the next larger Hydrotrol. flow pressure and velocity. Certain local codes may vary and should be reviewed prior to using Table 1. The correct size HYDROTROL can therefore be specified and located at the same time that the pipe sizes are determined. at 1 1/2 F.I.I.

... H. Flow Pressure . H.../sec. HYDROTROL 64 9 2-5010 2-5005 F. HYDROTROL 36 6 5020 5005 SIZING EXAMPLE HYDROTROL Quick Closure Valve Open Tank CONDITIONS: Pipe Size .. 5010 Note: Table 3 shows lengths of run of branch piping. RECOMMENDATION: Smith Fig. .D. Units “A” or two Fig...Cold Water Branch = 60 Fixture Units Requires P..W. LINE BRANCH C. SIZING AND PLACEMENT IN MULTI-STORY BUILDINGS By using Rules #1 and #2 almost every battery situation can be sized and the HYDROTROLS properly located.I....W.I... F.U.EXAMPLE OF RULE 1 EXAMPLE OF SIZING AND PLACEMENT UP TO 20 FT "B" "A" LONG RUNS OF PIPING TO SINGLE FIXTURES.. OVER 20' FIG 5020 FIG 5020 BRANCH C.D.... 5005 EXAMPLE OF RULE 2 OVER 20 FT "B" "A" "B" "A" Long Run of Piping Shock Outlet Cold Water Branch = 52 Fixture Units Requires two P. 1 shows the method of sizing and placement in a typical multi-story building which has a great variety of fixtures and fixture locations.I..W. BRANCH C...... ....U.. H. All sizing recommendations shown in Table 3 are based on an operating water pressure of 65 PSI or under and an average velocity between 5 and 10 feet per second.W..D.....I. 1 7 . Fig. C. If operating pressures are over 65 PSI use the next larger HYDROTROL unit..W..W.Cold Water Branch = 60 Fixture Units Requires two P.. 5005 LENGTH OF PIPE 25 50 75 100 125 150 PLACEMENT ON EXTRA LONG BATTERIES It is recommended that for extra long branches (in excess of 40' in length)...U. 3rd FL... H..W.W. The example shows a branch of approximately 60' in length which can be fed at some mid-point location.....D.. 5010 Hot Water Branch = 6 Fixture Units Requires P.. EXAMPLE OF RULES 1 AND 2 UP TO 20 FT "C" "B" OVER 20 FT "B" HYDROTROL SELECTION CHART NOMINAL PIPE SIZE 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 5005 5005 5010 5020 5030 5005 5010 5020 5030 5040 1-5005 5010 5020 5030 5050 1-5040 1-5020 5020 5030 5040 5050 1-5050 1-5005 1-5040 5020 5030 5050 1-5050 1-5050 1-5030 5030 5040 5050 2-5050 1-5050 Table 3 2" 5040 5050 1-5040 1-5050 2-5050 1-5040 2-5050 3-5050 Up to 20 ft.. HYDROTROL unit should be sized by using Table 3 and located as close to the point of quick closure as possible.... H.. 2nd FL..W.. The length of run used should be the length of the pipe from the point of valve closure to a point of relief. Units “B” or two Fig. 4TH FL. Unit “B” or Fig..100 ft.. HYDROTROL 110 2-5020 F... OVER 20' BRANCH C.I.. Unit "C" or Fig..G.. BRANCH C..1 1/4" Length of Run . H.I..... such as a large pipe twice the size of the branch line.... thus applying Rules #1 and #2 at either side of the feed line for sizing and placement..U..W..W.I...W. HYDROTROL 47 1/2 7 1/2 5020 5005 F...8 ft. CIRC BRANCH H.53 P. 5010 Hot Water Branch = 12 Fixture Units Requires two P.W.... APPLIANCES OR EQUIPMENT Table 3 indicates the size HYDROTROL required for long runs of piping which feed a single remote fixture or appliance. When pressures are anticipated above 85 PSI a pressure reducing valve is recommended.D. 5TH FL.... HYDROTROL 65 15 2-5020 2-5005 F.D. LINE OVER 20' BRANCH C. main line or water tank. Velocity ... Units "B" or two Fig... the water supply should tie into the branch at some mid-point location..U...S. 5020 Over 20 ft.... 1st FL.. Quick Closure Valve HYDROTROL Cold Water Branch = 26 Fixture Units Requires P.W. Unit “A” or Fig. 5050 HYDROTROL installed as shown Fig..

edge welded bellows. TOTALLY METALLIC. TOTALLY DRY DESIGN. NO OIL IN GAS CHARGE—NO POSSIBLE CONTAMINATION Early arrester designs incorporated mineral oil in with the gas charge to fill up excess volume.” in that they contain no oil. In Smith’s arresters. ALL-WELDED CONSTRUCTION There are no o-ring seals. PDI TESTED AND CERTIFIED STATEMENT OF GUARANTEE POLICY Jay R.I. Smith Mfg. WELDED STAINLESS STEEL GAS CHARGE CONTAINMENT The goal of an engineered water hammer arrester is long life. This construction results in a burst pressure greater than 2000 psi. and this can only be achieved by absolute containment of the gas charge. the older arresters had very limited surge absorption. This construction eliminates the possibility of galvanic corrosion between dissimilar materials within the structure of the arrester. and gives us a small trace of helium to perform our leak test. or other “weak links” in the structure. Standard W. giving a margin of safety over 13 times the maximum operating pressure of a typical 150 psi water system. this could be devastating. it points to a highly advanced configuration not used by other bellows designs—one that assures reliable life measured in decades. GAS CHARGE INERT DRY NITROGEN AND DRY HELIUM MIX FOR MAXIMUM STABILITY While other arresters are charged with air.H. This technique. While this gets deep into the engineering of the arrester. the fill point is also welded closed with stainless steel for permanency. Smith’s bellows arresters are charged with a dry nitrogen/dry helium mix. They are less expensive to ship and will fit into tight plumbing spaces that would exclude competitor units. the gas charge is completely enveloped in stainless steel. Smith bellows arresters are tested with the most sensitive leak detection method possible— the helium-sensitive mass spectrometer. Smith’s arresters are “dry. the gas charge is confined in an impermeable metallic enclosure. BELLOWS EMPLOYS CONICAL ID/OD DESIGN DEVELOPED BY BATTELLE LABORATORY FOR MINIMUM OPERATING STRESS. Co. This affords maximum stability in surge absorption under all operating conditions. Without this. Smith arresters will help keep potable water systems potable. the bellows is unique: It employs a design that was developed by Battelle Laboratories in which the inner and outer edges are tilted into a conical shape. EVERY WELD AND EVERY SURFACE OF GAS CONTAINMENT IS LEAK TESTED To assure that every inch of weld and every surface of bellows and outer containment is leak-free. 100 PERCENT TESTED ON HELIUM MASS SPECTROMETER 10.000 TIMES MORE SENSITIVE THAN A BUBBLE TEST—MEANS PERMANENT GAS CHARGE. used on aerospace products. From the outer containment to the highly flexible. The mass spectrometer can detect a leak so small that it would take ten years to form a bubble the size of a pea. BURST PRESSURE IN EXCESS OF 2000 PSI Discussed above ONE OF THE SMALLEST ARRESTERS AVAILABLE IN STANDARD PDI SIZES The advanced engineering of Smith’s arresters allows physical size to be reduced considerably below older competitor units—as much as 25% smaller. crimp joints. WELDED GAS CHARGE SEAL As with all other aspects of the design. In a hospital or apartment. NO LEAK DOWN. gives the maximum assurance possible of leak-free gas charge containment. All joints are gas-tungsten arc welded (GTAW) or resistance welded stainless steel to stainless steel.-201. “Hydrotrols” have a lifetime guarantee against defective materials and workmanship when installed and sized in accordance with the manufacturers instructions and/or P. It also provides the most compact design available. Through a highly efficient design. there is no oil to escape and contaminate a drinking water system.STAINLESS STEEL BELLOWS TYPE WATER HAMMER ARRESTERS ALL STAINLESS STEEL Smith’s bellows arresters are constructed entirely of 304 stainless steel for maximum corrosion resistance and decades of reliable operation. This contour distributes stresses throughout the entire bellows diaphragm. In the Smith arrester. ULTRA-LONG LIFE The bellows in a water hammer arrester provides a flexible barrier between the water system and the gas charge. This is significant in that should a bellows fail.D. 8 .

Symbol 1-11 3/4 (19) A 5005 12-32 1 (25) B 5010 33-60 1 (25) C 5020 61-113 1 (25) D 5030 114-154 1 (25) E 5040 155-330 1 (25) F 5050 B 2.D. CUSTOMER DRIVEN POST OFFICE BOX 3237 MONTGOMERY. Engineered water hammer arresters ("Hydrotrols") employ a permanently sealed cushion of air or gas which absorbs the energy of water hammer and reduces pressure rise in the piping system to a safe level.19 (56) 3.12 (105) 5. INC.62 (67) 2. and the quick hand closure of fixture trim can cause destructive "water hammer".25 (83) 3. C. NOTE: Dimensions shown in parentheses are in millimeters.59 (91) 5. DRAWN BY: 5005 .5050 REV.28 (134) A Hydrotrols are pre-charged and permanently sealed at the factory.25 (83) D 1.25 (83) 3. Install on both hot and cold water branch lines in an upright position as close as possible to the valve or valves being served.25 (83) 3. WH-201" Conforms to ASSE 1010 VOLUME CUBIC FEET FIGURE NUMBER FIGURE NUMBER 5005 . CO. DATE DESCRIPTION BY CKD. SIZE C ur N G E Pr G N e e Compression Chamber Shell D C Compression Chamber Shell SCALE: B D DATE: 90 Nipple B APPROVED BY: Units: A.D. WEIGHT POUNDS Hydrotrols Fig.97 (75) 3.69 (43) 2. No.SMITH ® JAY R. All hydrotrols are constructed entirely of stainless steel.5050 RECOMMENDED SPECIFICATION FOR HYDROSTATIC SHOCK CONTROL Smith series 5000 "Hydrotrol" all stainless steel shock absorbers shall be installed at all solenoid. LOCATION ® NITARY SA SMITH MFG.I. BY 9 .I. Fixture Unit PCN/ Rating SIZE Fig. & D A DIMENSIONS ARE SUBJECT TO MANUFACTURERS TOLERANCE AND CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE 90 CHECKED BY: Units: E & F A P. NOTE: Sizing information on reverse side. B.24 (82) 4.14 (131) 5. pneumatic. 5005 to 5050 inclusive have been tested and certified in accordance with the Plumbing and Drainage Institute "Standard P.25 (83) 3.25 (83) 3. ALABAMA 36109-0237 (USA) TEL: 334-277-8520 FAX: 334-272-7396 www.52 (140) 6.40 (36) 1. DIVISION OF SMITH INDUSTRIES.67 (169) C 3. Sizes and locations as indicated on drawings. spring loaded valves or devices. Hydrotrol units.com ASPE ® MEMBER OF: ve I I n ti N E E R n C a on R ath e r T h HYDROTROLS DRAWING NUMBER ENGINEERED WATER HAMMER ARRESTERS WE CAN ASSUME NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR USE OF SUPERSEDED OR VOID DATA FUNCTION: Quick closing electrical. correctly sized and placed at specific locations in the water piping system will control the destructive shock of water hammer. remote operated or quick closing valves and at each plumbing fixture or battery of plumbing fixtures.jrsmith.

5060 RECOMMENDED SPECIFICATION Where indicated on plans. 5060 constructed entirely of stabilized 18-8 stainless steel having welded stainless steel bellows in a pressurized chamber with pressure gauge and air valve and sized according to factory recommendation. INC. Smith representative or the factory. bus washing stands and high capacity pumping systems. DATE DESCRIPTION BY CKD. CO. 5060 Hy-Duty Hydrotrol has been designed expressly for severe hydrostatic shock conditions that can occur in commercial laundry machines.SMITH ® JAY R.jrsmith. CUSTOMER DRIVEN POST OFFICE BOX 3237 MONTGOMERY. BY 5060 10 . FIGURE NUMBER WEIGHT POUNDS VOLUME CUBIC FEET FIGURE NUMBER REV. LOCATION ® NITARY SA SMITH MFG. This unit will absorb the excessive surge pressures and eliminate the annoying and dangerous water hammer that results whenever a solenoid or quick closing valve is suddenly closed. DIVISION OF SMITH INDUSTRIES. ALABAMA 36109-0237 (USA) TEL: 334-277-8520 FAX: 334-272-7396 www. water hammer arresters shall be Smith Hy-Duty Hydrotrol Fig. Both the piping system and expensive equipment on the line are safeguarded against the damaging effects of the hydrostatic shock. A Pressure Gauge (permits checking of pressurized chamber and facilitates a reading if chamber pressure has to be increased) 4 1/2 (115) DIA 2 (51) 2 1/4 (57) SCALE: ur N G N GI C e E Pr e Aluminum Cap Air Valve and Cap (permits easy adjustment of charging pressure in chamber while installed) Shell Pressurized Chamber (pre-charged at the factory for specific installations) DATE: APPROVED BY: 8 1/4 (210) Hydraulic Liquid DIMENSIONS ARE SUBJECT TO MANUFACTURERS TOLERANCE AND CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE Bellows CHECKED BY: Nipple 2 (50) SIZE DRAWN BY: For further information on sizing and application of the Hy-Duty Hydrotrol consult your local Jay R.com ASPE ® MEMBER OF: ve nti an on R ather T h N E E RI DRAWING NUMBER HY-DUTY HYDROTROL WITH PRESSURE GAUGE AND VALVE CHARGING VEHICLE WE CAN ASSUME NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR USE OF SUPERSEDED OR VOID DATA SIZE FUNCTION: The Fig. NOTE: Dimensions shown in parentheses are in millimeters.

horizontally or any angle in between. FDA approved 111 Silicone Compound.H. or their local sales representative. All units must be returned to Jay R. Wholesaler will exchange defective unit on request of the purchaser and send the unit to Jay R. for evaluation. A NPT solid hex bass adapter is provided at the bottom of the unit for fast and easy installation to the potable piping system. This guarantee includes any part proving defective but excludes any unit tampered with or field modified.PISTON TYPE WATER HAMMER ARRESTERS The piston type water hammer arrester is designed to be compact in size allowing for installation in a 2” x 4” wall space and installed at any angle whether it be upright. The casing is all copper tube spun closed at the top to provide a seamless constructed unit permanently sealing a 60 PSIG air charge cushion above a two oring piston. The defective unit must be returned to the factory within thirty days with the name of the contractor or purchaser and a description of the installation. Co. P. 11 . Smith Mfg. All claims must be handled through the wholesaler from whom the product was originally purchased. ASSE TESTED AND LISTED JRS Products Piston Type Water Hammer Arresters JRS Products Piston Type Water Hammer Arresters are guaranteed against defective materials and workmanship for the life of the piping system when installed and sized in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. Co. Smith Mfg.D. It is designed to operate with domestic or commercial potable water systems. The unit is available in either male thread or male sweat end connection. The two EPDM o-rings are lubricated with Dow Corning. The temperature range is 33º F to 250º F.201 and/or ASSE Standard 1010. The piston is HHPP and is tested for charge leakage and proper charge pressure. The sweat unit is designed with the appropriate heat sink length to allow soldering of the connection without concern of damaging the piston unit.I. Standard W.

and public buildings.56” 875” 6. Working temperature range: 33˚ to 250˚ F Listed by the American Society of Sanitary Engineers to ASSE 1010 Standard Certified and tested by U.S.56” 2.I. Inc. hospitals. . .G.38” 12.G. .00” 1. correctional facilities. cold rolled and spun closed seamless chamber Pressurized air cushion Listed: A Poly piston. . shall be installed with a pressure reducing valve upstream of the unit SERIES 520-T 12 . male thread Pipe Size ® Threaded Connection Piston Water Hammer Arrester Series 520-T WATER HAMMER ARRESTER SIZING CHART Smith Fig. Two EPDM O-rings. Length of Pipe 25’ 50’ 75’ 100’ 125’ 150’ 1/2” A A B C C D Nominal Pipe Diameter 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” A B C D D E B C D E F F C D AE F AF DF D E F CF EF FF 2” E F EF FF EFF FFF NOTE: Dimensional date is subject to manufacturing tolerances and change without notice *NOTE: AA size for residential applications only NOTE: Per ASSE Standard.G.I. No.S. Features and Benefits: Designed to absorb and control shock pressure in water lines from surges during quick valve closure Maximum rated suge pressure: 350 P.13” 14. . Threaded connection piston type water hammer arresters consists of seamless.I. systems exceeding 60 P. . Series 520-T Product Description: Recommended for plumbing fixtures in office buildings. Seamless Spun Reduction Lead Free Solder Joint Standard wrought copper adapter with wrench hex NPT. retail. poly piston with two EPDM O-rings.. .Water Hammer Arrester Piston Type Water Hammer Arresters.S. Operating line flow pressure up to 60 P. 520-T-AA 520-T-A 520-T-B 520-T-C 520-T-D 520-T-E 520-T-F Pipe Size.38” 2. pressure-lubricated with Dow-Corning 111 Silicone Compound.S.125” 8.I. Testing Co.38” 12.G. schools. 4785 B 60 psig charge Arrester Chamber. NTP 1/2” 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1-1/4” 1-1/2” 2” Size AA* A B C D E F Air Change 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig Dimensions A B (DIA) 5.69” 1.00” 2.13” Fixture Unit Capacity Residential 1 to 11 12 to 32 33 to 60 61 to 113 114 to 154 155 to 330 For flow pressures up to 60 P.875” 1. File No. Tulsa. FDA approved. pressurized arrester chamber. OK to ASSE 1010 Standard IAPMO Listed.S. cold rolled and spun closed copper.13” 16.

. Threaded connection piston type water hammer arresters consists of seamless. cold rolled and spun closed seamless chamber ® A Pressurized air cushion Poly piston. No. pressure-lubricated with Dow-Corning 111 Silicone Compound. hospitals.125” 8.G. Testing Co. . . Inc. 4785 Listed: B 60 psi charge Arrester Chamber. Operating line flow pressure up to 60 P. NTP 520-SC-AA 1/2” 520-SC-A 1/2” 520-SC-B 3/4” 520-SC-C 1” 520-SC-D 1-1/4” 520-SC-E 1-1/2” 520-SC-F 2” Size AA* A B C D E F Air Change 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig 60 psig Dimensions A B (DIA) 5.S. poly piston with two EPDM O-rings.13” Fixture Unit Capacity Residential 1 to 11 12 to 32 33 to 60 61 to 113 114 to 154 155 to 330 For flow pressures up to 60 P. schools.S.00” 2.56” 875” 6. Features and Benefits: Designed to absorb and control shock pressure in water lines from surges during quick valve closure Maximum rated suge pressure: 350 P. FDA approved. . Series 520-SC Product Description: Recommended for plumbing fixtures in office buildings. cold rolled and spun closed copper. Size.I. retail.38” 12.S. pressurized arrester chamber.00” 1. Length of Pipe 25’ 50’ 75’ 100’ 125’ 150’ 1/2” A A B C C D Nominal Pipe Diameter 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” A B C D D E B C D E F F C D AE F AF DF D E F CF EF FF 2” E F EF FF EFF FFF NOTE: Dimensional date is subject to manufacturing tolerances and change without notice *NOTE: AA size for residential applications only NOTE: Per ASSE Standard.875” 1.13” 14. .69” 1.I.G.Water Hammer Arrester Piston Type Water Hammer Arresters.56” 2. Heat Sink Length Male Sweat Connection Pipe Size Sweat Connection Piston Water Hammer Arrester Series 520-SC WATER HAMMER ARRESTER SIZING CHART Smith Pipe Fig.38” 2.G. systems exceeding 60 P.13” 16. Two EPDM O-rings. File No.38” 12. . OK to ASSE 1010 Standard IAPMO Listed. and public buildings.. Working temperature range: 33˚ to 250˚ F Listed by the American Society of Sanitary Engineers to ASSE 1010 Standard Certified and tested by U. Tulsa.S.S. correctional facilities.I. .G.I. shall be installed with a pressure reducing valve upstream of the unit SERIES 520-SC 13 .

M.P.SIZING WATER SYSTEMS 500 Estimated Curves for Demand Load 400 DEMAND G.M. 1 60 40 20 0 2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 FIXTURE UNITS 14 . 1 for system predominantly for flush valves No. 300 200 1 100 2 No. 2 for system predominantly for flush tanks 0 500 1000 1500 FIXTURE UNITS 2000 2500 3000 Enlarged Scale Demand Load 100 80 DEMAND G.P.

2 .PIPE SIZING DATA Friction Loss in Head in Lbs.3 .6 . In. per Sq. In.1 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 .8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 1 30 40 50 60 80 100 Friction Loss in Head in Lbs.4 . Length Flow in Gallons per Minute 15 lo Ve cit y 10 8 6 5 20 15 Ft.5 .1 .4 . per 100 Ft.8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 Copper Tubing Smooth Pipe Type M _________________ Type L _________________ Type K _________________ 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 Dia te me r6 5 I nch 40 30 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 Flow in Gallons per Minute 4 3 100 80 2 11 /2 100 80 60 50 40 30 60 50 40 30 20 1 3/4 20 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 10 8 1/2 3/8 6 5 4 3 2 1 0. per Sq.6 .2 . Length 0. pe ec rS 4 3 on d 2 .5 . per 100 Ft.3 .

per Sq.2 .5 . per 100 Ft.6 .3 . per 100 Ft. p er c Se on d 10 15 5 4 3 2 . per Sq.1 .6 .5 .8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 Fairly Smooth Dia me 1 ter 2I nch 10 8 40 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 6 5 4 3 8 6 30 lo Ve 20 Flow in Gallons per Minute 100 80 60 50 40 30 20 2 11 /2 100 80 60 50 40 30 1 3/4 20 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1/2 3/8 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 0. Length 16 Flow in Gallons per Minute cit yF t.4 .8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 1 30 40 50 60 80 100 Friction Loss in Head in Lbs. In.PIPE SIZING DATA Friction Loss in Head in Lbs.4 . Length 0.2 .3 .1 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 . In.

4 . Length Flow in Gallons per Minute 600 500 400 30 lo Ve cit yF t.5 .8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 1 30 40 50 60 80 100 Friction Loss in Head in Lbs. In.4 .PIPE SIZING DATA Friction Loss in Head in Lbs.5 .3 . per Sq. Length 0.1 .6 .2 .1 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 .8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 Fairly Rough Dia me 1 ter 2I nch 10 8 3000 2000 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 1000 800 6 5 4 3 6 Flow in Gallons per Minute 300 200 100 80 60 50 40 30 20 2 11 /2 100 80 60 50 40 30 1 3/4 20 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 10 8 1/2 3/8 6 5 4 3 2 1 0. per Sq.6 . per 100 Ft.2 . p er Se 10 8 15 20 co nd 5 4 3 2 17 . per 100 Ft. In.3 .

2 .1 . 2 . In.3 .3 .5 .5 .4 .8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 1 30 40 50 60 80 100 Friction Loss in Head in Lbs.6 . per Sq.6 .1 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 . per 100 Ft. In. Length 0.PIPE SIZING DATA Friction Loss in Head in Lbs. per Sq. per 100 Ft. Length 18 Flow in Gallons per Minute ity loc Ve 4 3 10 8 nd eco rS pe Ft.4 .8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 Rough Dia me 1 ter 2 In ch 3000 2000 10 8 6 5 4 15 20 1000 800 600 500 400 300 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 Flow in Gallons per Minute 200 3 6 5 100 80 60 50 40 30 20 2 100 80 1 1/2 60 50 40 30 1 3/4 20 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 10 8 1/2 3/8 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.2 .

05 .06 .08 .1 .5 foot pounds.01 VELOCITY FT. FT. lbs/lin. PER LIN. ft. Proceed horizontally to diagonal line for 1-1/2" pipe. Proceed vertically to scale at top of bottom of graph and read velocity of 8. B 19 . Total Kinetic Energy will be 0. A VELOCITY FT. ZE ES IZE 1000 10 SI PIP IP E FLOW THRU PIPE .0 ft/sec.04 1" 1" KINETIC ENGERGY . B at 8. use the example below: Maximum Flow Rate 50 GPM Line Pressure-Water Flowing 65 PSI Max.0 ft/sec.3 0.GALLONS PER MINUTE 10 10 600 500 400 6 5 4 300 200 3 2 100 /2" 4" 1 80 60 50 40 30 20 0. Pressure 175 PSI Pipi Size 1-1/2" Effective Pipe Length 25' Determine pipe velocity by entering Fig. Proceed horizontally to scale at right and read kinetic energy of 0.4 1/ 21 0. of pipe. 3 2 . Proceed upward to diagonal line for 11/2" pipe.90 x 25 or 22. no.5 0.03 . Shock.KINETIC ENERGY CHART VELOCITY CHART 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 1 VELOCITY CHART 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 100 80 60 50 40 30 20 To determine total kinetic energy in foot pounds/linear foot for the entire effective pipe length. LBS. Determine kinetic energy per lineal foot of pipe by entering Fig.2 1 1 1 1/ 2" /4" 1 4" 1/ 2" 2" 2" 1 1/ 10 8 6 5 4 0. SEC FIG.02 3/ 1/2 " 1/ 2" 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 .8 0. SEC FIG.FT. A at 50 gallons. OF PIPE "P 800 8 " 8" 6" 2" 4" 5" 3 3" 2 /2" 2" 3" 31 1/ 5" 6" 8" " 12" 12 4" 3/4 " NOTE: Maximum total Kinetic Energy for fig.6 0. 5060 is 130 foot/pounds.90 ft.

it is necessary to correct the installation before you can cure the shock. The greatest movement is caused by shock which can be controlled by the installation of water hammer arresters. the bellows & piston type water hammer arresters are safe for potable water systems. A water hammer arrester will absorb the shock and minimize the slam noise. IMPORTANT: If you have a question that is not answered on this page or the preceding pages. some degree of shock will be experienced in the discharge line. home laundry machines. Can shock be prevented in other types of liquid conveying systems? A. Will water hammer arresters control the movement in piping mains? A. A solenoid or other type of quick closure valve is employed for dishwasher applications. Yes. Q. Q. A properly sized water hammer arrester installed on the pressure side of the solenoid valve will eliminate the shock and noise. Yes. When a pump shuts off. hot water storage heaters. the air chamber type device require a displacement volume approximately six times that of each Hydrotrol unit. 20 .QUESTIONS & ANSWERS Q. A pressure reducing valve installed on the discharge side of the water meter can be most helpful in protecting the residential piping system. A soft seat in the check valve will then assure a quiet closure. The o-rings used in the piston type arresters are lubricated with FDA approved Dow-Corning 111 Silicone Compound and all solder joints use lead free solder. Are water hammer arresters required in the average residence? A.I. What is the importance of cubic inch displacement in water hammer arresters? A. please contact Smith’s Sales Engineering group. If the vibration is caused by the occurance of shock in the piping system it can be avoided if a properly sized water hammer arrester is installed near the quick closure valve. Yes. However. Will water hammer arresters rectify every shock condition? A. Q. Q. Q. Properly sized water hammer arresters should be installed on the hot and cold water supply piping to that fixture. Is the shock generated in dishwasher piping controllable? A.S. Is it possible to control the shock created by pumping equipment? A. it is recommended that Smith’s Sales Engineering group be consulted for evaluation. Q. or if you have a special problem involving hydrostatic shock or water hammer. Q. The shock can be controlled in most applications by the installation of a properly sized water hammer arrester. The 5005-5050 stainless steel bellows units can be used with most types of liquid conveyed in a piping distribution system. Most of the premature failures of piping. at times is not large enough to effectively control the situation and another method must be utilized. a piping system is improperly designed or installed. its displacement volume is not actually utilized until the water pressure exceeds 60 P. After this has been accomplished a properly sized water hammer arrester will rectify the shock condition. Q. automatic control valves and flush tanks or valves. especially when excessive water pressures are involved. The 5060 Hydrotrol has been designed for severe applications such as this. if a shock is encountered. Q. Q. Is the shock generated in home washing machines controllable? A. Will water hammer arresters control the shock experienced in commercial laundry machines? A. A violent shock is created in commercial laundry piping as a result of quick closure valves. a properly sized water hammer arrester placed on the cold and hot water supplies to the washing machine will absorb the shock as caused by quick closure devices. The unit should be installed at a tee connection in the vertical discharge line. A prescribed amount of cubic inch displacement is required for each type of device intended for the control of shock. When liquids other than water are involved. Q. Are water hammer arresters safe for potable water system? A. Occasionally. Therefore. Since the Hydrotrols are pressurized. This is caused by the back surge of water to the pumping equipment. These applications shall be submitted with all pertinent data to Smith’s Sales Engineering for evaluation. equipment or apparatus wherein shock can be produced. a severe shock can occur in the residential piping system. Therefore. it can be controlled. Will a water hammer arrester prevent check valve slam? A. may be attributed to shock caused by quick closure valves. Will water hammer arresters eliminate piping vibration? A. The movement in piping mains is caused by shock and partially by the flow of water through the mains. By comparison. The movement caused by water flow can be controlled by the proper placement of pipe hangers and supports.

SMITH MFG. CO. PM 1054 6/06 .JAY R.

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