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Class X

Mathematics
CBSE Question Paper, 2009
Maximum Marks: 80 Time: 3 Hrs

1. All questions are compulsory.


2. The question paper consist of 30questions divided into four sections A,
B,C and D. Section A comprises of 10 questions of one mark each, section
B comprises of 5 questions of two marks each ,section C comprises of 10
questions of three marks each and section D comprises of 5 questions of
six marks each.
3. All questions in Section A are to be answered in one word, one sentence
or as per the exact requirement of the question.
4. In question on construction, the drawing should be neat and exactly as
per the given measurements.
5. Use of calculators is not permitted. You may ask for mathematical tables,
if required.
6. There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in
one question of 02 marks each, three questions of 03 marks each and two
questions of 06 marks each. You have to attempt only one of the
alternatives in all such questions.
Section A
43
Q.1 The decimal expansion of the rational number , will terminate
2 .53
4

after how many places of decimals?


Q.2 For what value of k, (-4) is a zero of the polynomial x² - x – (2k+ 2)?
Q.3 For what value of p, are 2p – 1, 7 and 3p three consecutive terms of
an A.P.?
Q.4 In Fig. 1, CP and CQ are tangents to a circle with centre O. ARB is
another tangent touching the circle at R. If CP = 11 cm, and BC = 7
cm, then find the length of BR.
P
A

O R C

B
Q

Fig1

Q.5 In Fig. 2, ∠ M = ∠ N = 46°k. Express x in terms of a, b and c where a,


b and c are length of LM, MN and NK respectively.

Fig 2

1
Q.6 If sin θ = , then find the value of (2 cot² θ + 2).
3
Q.7 Find the value of a, so that the point (3, a) lies on the line represented
by 2x – 3y = 5.
Q.8 A cylinder and a cone are of same base radius and of same height.
Find the ratio of the volume of cylinder to that of the cone.
 −8  2 
Q.9 Find the distance between the points  ,2  and  ,2  .
 5  5 
Q.10 Write the median class of the following distribution:

Classes Frequency
0 – 10 4
10 – 20 4
20 – 30 8
30 – 40 10
40 – 50 12
50 – 60 8
60 – 70 4

Section B
Q.11 If the polynomial 6x4 + 8x³ + 17x² + 21x + 7 is divided by another
polynomial 3x² + 4x + 1, the remainder comes out to be (ax + b), find
a and b.
Q.12 Find the value(s) of k for which the pair of linear equations
kx + 3y = k – 2 and 12x + ky = k has no solution.
Q.13 If Sn, the sum of first n terms of an A.P. is given by Sn = 3n²-4n, then
find its nth term.
Q.14 Two tangents PA and PB are drawn to a circle with centre O from an
external point P. Prove that ∠ APB = 2 ∠ OAB.
A

P
O

Fig 3
OR
Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a circle.
sin3 θ + cos3 θ
Q.15 Simplify: + sin θ cos θ
sin θ + cos θ
Section C
Q.16 Prove that 5 is an irrational number.
Q.17 Solve the following pair of equations:
5 1
+ =2
x −1 y − 2

6 3
− =1
x −1 y − 2

Q.18 The sum of 4th and 8th terms of an A.P. is 24 and sum of 6th and 10th
terms is 44. Find A.P.
Q.19 Construct a ∆ABC in which BC = 6.5 cm, AB = 4.5 cm and ∠ ABC =
3
60°. Construct a triangle similar to this triangle whose sides are of
4
the corresponding sides of the triangle ABC.
Q.20 In fig. 4, ∆ABC is right angled at C and DE ⊥ AB. Prove that ∆ ABC ~ ∆
ADE and hence find the lengths of AE and DE. A

E
3 cm

2 cm

12 cm

B C

Fig 4

Or
In Fig. 5, DEFG is a square and ∠ BAC = 90°. Show that DE²=BD x EC.

D
F

B G A
Fig 5

Q.21 Find the value of sin 30° geometrically.


Or
Without using trigonometrical tables, evaluate:
cos58° sin22° cos 38° cos ec52°
+ −
sin32° cos 68° tan18° .tan35° tan60° tan72° tan55°
Q.22 Find the point on y – axis which is equidistant from the points (5, -2)
and (-3, 2).
Or
The line segment joining the points A (2, 1) and B(5, -8) is trisected at
the points P and Q such that P is nearer to A. If P also lies on the line
given by 2x – y + k = 0, find the value of k.
Q.23 If P (x, y) is any point on the line joining the points A(a, 0) and B(0, b)
x y
then show that + = 1.
a b
Q.24 In Fig. 6, PQ = 24 cm, PR = 7 cm and O is the centre of the circle.
Find the area of shaded region (take π = 3.14).
Q

Fig 6

Q.25 The king, queen and jack of clubs are removed from a deck of 52
playing cards and the remaining cards are shuffled. A card is drawn
from the remaining cards. Find the probability of getting a card of:
(i) heart (ii) queen (iii) clubs.
Section D
Q.26 The sum of the squares of two consecutive odd numbers is 394. Find
the numbers.
Or
Places A and B are 100 km apart on a highway. One car starts from A
and B at the same time. If the cars travel in the same direction at
different speeds, they meet in 5 hours. If they travel towards other,
they meet in 1 hour. What are the speeds of the two cars?
Q.27 Prove that, if a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to
intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are
divided in the same ratio.
Using the above result, do the following:
In Fig. 7, DE||BC and BD = CE. Prove that ∆ ABC is an isosceles
triangle

D E

B C
Fig 7

Q.28 A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower. A man standing at the
top of the tower observes a car at an angle of depression of 30°, which
is approaching the foot of the tower with a uniform speed. Six second
later the angle of depression of the car is found to be 60°. Find the
time taken by the car to reach the foot of the tower from this point.

Q.29 From a solid cylinder whose height is 8 cm and radius 6 cm, a conical
cavity of height 8 cm and of base radius 6 cm, is hollowed out. Find
the volume of the remaining solid correct to two places of decimals.
Also find the total surface area of the remaining solids.(take π=3.1416)
Or
In Fig 8, ABC is a right triangle right angled at A. Find the area of
shaded region if AB = 6 cm, BC = 10 cm and O is the centre of the
incircle of ∆ ABC. (take π = 3.14)
C

A B

Fig 8

Q.30 The following table gives the daily income of 50 workers of a factor:

Daily income (in Rs.) 100 – 120 120 – 140 140 – 160 160 – 180 180 – 200
Number of workers 12 14 8 6 10

Find the Mean, Mode and Median of the above data.


Set 1
CBSE Past Year 2009
Solutions
X Math

43 43 × 5 215
Ans1. 4 3
= 4 4
= .0215
=
2 .5 2 .5 104
Hence, the rational number will terminate after 4 decimal places.
(1 mark)

Ans 2.
( −4) is a zero of polynomial x2 − x − (2k + 2)
( )
⇒ −42 − (−4) − (2k + 2) = 0
⇒ 16 + 4 − 2k − 2 = 0
⇒ 2k = 18 ⇒k =9

(1 mark)

Ans3.
2p − 1, 7, 3p are three con sec utive terms of an AP
⇒ 7 − (2p − 1) = 3p − 7
⇒ 8 − 2p = 3p − 7
⇒ 5p = 15 ⇒ p = 3
(1 mark)

Ans 4. We know that lengths of tangents from an external point to a circle


are equal
Hence, CP = CQ and BQ = BR
CQ = 11 cm, BC = 7 cm
BQ = CQ – BC = 4 cm
⇒ BR = 4 cm.
(1 mark)
Ans 5. ∠M = ∠N = 46o and ∠ K =∠ K (common)
So ∆LMK ~ ∆PNK

(AA similarity)
LM MK
=
PN NK
LM PN
Hence, =
MK NK
a x
⇒ =
b+c c
ac
⇒x=
b+c
(1 Mark)

Ans6.
1
sinθ = ⇒ co sec θ = 3
3
To find : 2cot2θ + 2
We know that co sec2 θ − cot2θ = 1
⇒ cot2θ = co sec2 θ − 1
2cot2θ + 2 = 2(co sec2 θ − 1) + 2
= 2co sec2 θ
= 2 × 9 = 18
(1 Mark)
Ans7.
(3, a) lies on 2x − 3y = 5
⇒ 2×3 − 3× a = 5
⇒ 6 − 3a = 5
1
⇒ 3a = 1 ⇒ a =
3
(1 Mark)

Ans8. Let radius of cylinder and cone = r


Height = h
Volume of cylinder= πr2h
1
Volume of cone = π2h
3
2
Volume of cylinder πr h
= = 3:1
Volume of cone 1 2
πr h
3
(1 Mark)

Ans9.
Given: Points
 −8   2 
A , 2 ,B  , 2 
 5  5 
2
2 8 2
AB =  5 + 5  + (2 − 2)
 
= 4+0
= 2 units
(1 Mark)
Ans10.
Classes Frequency cf
0-10 4 4
10-20 4 8
20-30 8 16
30-40 10 26
40-50 12 38
50-60 8 46
60-70 4 50

N=50
N/2 = 25 so the class with cumulative frequency just greater then 25 is the
class 30-40
Hence, median class is 30 – 40. (1 Mark)

Ans11.
2x2 + 5
3x2 + 4x + 1 6x4 + 8x3 + 17x2 + 21x + 7

6x4 + 8x3 + 2x2


− − −
15x2 + 21x + 7
15x2 + 20x + 5
− − −
x +2
(1 Mark)

ax + b = x+ 2
Hence, a = 1 b=2 (1 Mark)
Ans12. For the system of equations
k x + 3y = k-2 and 12x + ky = k to be inconsistent i.e no solution

a1 b1 c
= ≠ 1
a2 b2 c2
k 3 k −2
i.e = ≠ (1 Mark)
12 k k
k2 = 36
k = 6 or − 6
Hence, for k=6 and -6, the pair of linear equations will have no solution. (1
Mark)

Ans13. Sum of n terms of an AP is given by


n
= [2 a + (n − 1)d]
2
T o fin d = n th te rm
= Sn − Sn −1
= 3n 2 − 4 n − 3(n − 1)2 + 4 (n − 1) (1m a rk )
2 2
= 3n − 4 n − 3n − 3 + 6n + 4n − 4
= 6n − 7
H e n ce n th te rm o f th e A P is 6 n − 7 (1m a rk )
Ans14. Join OB
∠APB = 180 − (∠PAB + ∠PBA)
PA = PB(tan gents from an external point to a circle are equal)
⇒ ∠PAB = ∠PBA
∴ ∠APB = 180 − 2∠PAB (1 mark)

∠OAP = 90 (radius is ⊥ to tan gent at the point of contact)
⇒ ∠OAB + ∠BAP = 90
⇒ ∠APB = 180 − 2(90 − ∠OAB)
= 180 − 180 + 2∠OAB
⇒ ∠APB = 2∠OAB (1mark)

OR

Given: A circle with centre O and a Parallelogram ABCD circumscribing the


circle
To show: ABCD is a rhombus.
Proof:
We know that tangents drawn from external point to a circle are
Equal.

Hence,
AX = AT
BX = BY
CY = CZ
DZ = DT (1 mark)

ABCD is a  gram ⇒ AB=CD and BC=AD


AB = AX + BX = AT + BY
= (AD – TD) +BY
= (AD-DZ) + BY
= BC – DZ + BY
=BC – (CD – CZ) +BY
=BC – (AB – CY) + BY
=BC – AB + BC (1 mark)

⇒ 2 AB = 2 BC
⇒AB = BC
Hence, ABCD is a rhombus.

Ans15.
sin3 θ + cos3 θ
Consider + sin θ cos θ
sin θ + cos θ
(sin θ + cos θ)(sin2 θ + cos2 θ − sin θ cos θ)
= + sin θ cos θ (1mark)
sin θ + cos θ
(Usin g a 3
+ b3 = (a + b)(a2 + b2 − ab) )
= 1 − sin θ cos θ + sin θ cos θ (usin g sin2 θ + cos2 θ = 1)
=1 (1mark)

Ans16. Let 5 is a rational number


a
Than, 5 = a, b are integers
b
a and b are co-prime , b ≠ 0
Squaring both sides, we get (1 mark)

a2
5=
b2
a2 = 5b2
⇒ b2 divides a2
⇒ b divides a2
⇒ b divides a
⇒ a and b have a common factor other 1 (1 mark)
This leads in contradiction as a and b are co-prime
Hence, our assumptions is wrong
Hence, 5 is irrational (1 mark)
Ans17. Let

1 1
=a , =b
x −1 y −2
⇒ 5a + b = 2
1
6a − 3b = 1 ( mark)
2
30a + 6b = 12
30a − 15b = 5
− + −
21b = 7 (1 mark)
1 1 1 1
b= = = ⇒ y − 2 = 3 ⇒ y = 5( mark)
3 y−2 3 2
1
5a + =2
3
1 5
⇒ 5a = 2 −
=
3 3
1 1 1
⇒a= ⇒ = ⇒ x − 1= 3
3 x −1 3
⇒x=4
Here, x = 4, y = 5 (1 mark)

Ans18. Let 1st term =a


Common difference=d
a4 + a8 = 24
a6 + a10 = 44

a+3d+a+7d=24
2a+10d=24_________(1) (1/2 mark)

a+5d+a+9d=44
2a+14d=44_________(2) (1 mark)

2a + 10d = 24
2a + 14d = 44
− − −
− 4d = −20
d=5 (1 mark)

2a+50=24 ⇒2a=-26
=a=-13
Hence, the AP is -13,-8, -3, 2, 7,… (½ mark)

Ans.19

(3 mark)
Ans20. In ∆ABC and ∆ADE
∠A = ∠A (Common)
∠ACB = ∠AED = 90 (given)
∴ ∆ABC ∼ ∆ADE (by AA similarity)
AB BC AC
⇒ = = (1mark)
AD DE AE
AB 12 5
⇒ = =
3 DE AE
AB2 = BC2 + AC2
= 144 + 25 = 169
⇒ AB = 13cm (1mark)
36
Hence, DE = cm (1mark)
13
15
AE = cm
13

Or

To show:- DE2 = BD × EC
∆BDG ∼ ∆BAC
∠B (Common)
∠BDG = ∠BAC = 90 o

Similarly ∆CEF ∼ ∆CAB (1mark)


∴ ∆BDG ∼ ∆FEC
DG BC BD
= = (1mark)
EC CF EF
DE BC BD
= =
EC CF DE
DE2 = BD × EC (1mark)

Ans21.
Consider an equilateral triangle ABC with side a and AD as perpendicular
bisector of ∠A
Hence, AD ⊥ BC
Now AD is also the angle bisector of ∠BAC.
Now in ∆ADB (1 mark)
∠BAD = 30o
Perpendicular a 1
sin 30o = = =
Hypotenuse 2.a 2
(1 mark)
1
Hence, sin 30 =
2

(1 mark)

OR

cos58 sin22 cos38 co sec 52


+ −
sin32 cos68 tan18 tan35 tan60 tan72 tan55
cos58 = cos(90 − 32 ) = sin32
sin22 = sin(90 − 68 ) = cos68
cos38 = cos(90 − 52 ) = sin52
tan18 = tan(90 − 72 ) = cot72
1
tan35 = tan(90 − 35 ) = cot55 (1 marks)
2
sin32 sin22 sin52 cos ec 52
= + −
sin32 sin22 tan18 tan35 tan60 cot 18 cot35
1 1 1
= 1+ 1− = 2− (1 marks)
1.1. 3 3 2
Ans22. Let the point on y-axis be (0, y) (1 mark)
(−2 − y)2 + (5 − 0)2 = (2 − y)2 + (−3 − 0)2
4 + y2 + 4y + 25 = 4 + y2 − 4y + 9 (1mark)
8y = −16
y = −2 (1mark)
The point on y-axis which is equidistant from (5,-2) & (-3, 2) is (0.-2)

OR

P divides AB in the ratio 1:2


 1× 5 + 2 × 2 1× 8 + 2 × 1
 , 
 3 3 
Thus, coordinates of P =
 10   1 
=  3,   1 marks 
 3   2 
P lies on 2x-y+k=0

10
2×3 − +k = 0
3
10 8  1 
6− +k = 0 ⇒ k = − 12 marks 
3 3  
Ans23.

Since P (x, y) is a point on line segment AB so P divides AB in certain


ratio say
k: 1
Applying section formula
a.1 + k.0 kb + 1.0
x= ,y =
k +1 k +1
a
ie x = ....(i),
k +1
kb
y= .....(ii)
k +1
x 1 a  1 
From(i) = ⇒ k = −1  1 marks 
a k +1 x  2 
Using this in (ii) we get
a 
 x − 1 b
y=  
a
x
ay ab
⇒ = −b
x x
ay + bx ab
⇒ =
x x
⇒ ay + bx = ab
y x
⇒ + =1
b a
x y  1 
⇒ + = 1 1 marks 
a b  2 
which is the required condition.

Ans24. PQ = 24 cm PR = 7 cm
Angle is a semicircle is 90
∴ ∠RPQ = 90
∴ PR2 + PQ2 = QR2
72 + 242 = QR 2
QR 2 = 576 + 49 = 625
QR = 25cm
25
∴ Radius of the circle = cm (1mark)
2
Area of shaded region
=Area of semicircle – are of ∆PQR (1/2 mark0
1 25 25 1
= ×π× × − × 7 × 24
2 2 2 2
1  3.14 × 25 × 25 
=  − 168 
2 4 
1  1962.5 
= − 168  (1mark)
2  4 
1
= ( 490.825 − 168 )
2
1
= (322.825)
2
1
= 161.4125cm2 ( mark)
2

Ans25. Total = 52 cards


After removing king, queen, jack of clubs, total cards = 49 cards
13
(i) P (Heart) =
49
3
(ii) P (Queen) =
49
10
(iii) P (clubs) =
49

(1 mark each)
Section – D

Ans26. Let X and X + 2 be two consecutive odd integers (1 mark)


According to question,
X2 + (X + 2)2 = 394 (1mark)
X2 + X2 + 4X + 4 = 394
⇒ 2X2 + 4X − 390 = 0
⇒ X2 + 2X − 195 = 0 (1mark)
2
⇒ X + 15X − 13X − 195 = 0
⇒ (X + 15)(X − 13) = 0
X = −15, 13 (2 marks)
So the consecutive integers are 13, 15 or
-15, -13 (1 mark)
OR

Let speed of the two cars be x km/h and y km/h


dis tan ce
Speed =
time
(1 mark)
dis tan ce
⇒ time =
speed

If cars travel towards each other than relative speed will be (x +y)
Km/h. If cars travel in same direction then relative speed will be
(x-y) km/h (1 mark)
According to question,
100
= 1 ⇒ x + y = 100.....(i)
x+y
(2 mark)
100
= 5 ⇒ x − y = 20....(ii)
x−y
Solving (i) and (ii) we get
x= 60 km/h
y = 40 km/h (2 marks)
Ans27. Given: ∆PQR, in which XY||QR intersects other two sides PQ and PR
at X and Y respectively

ΡΧ ΡY
To prove:- =
ΧQ YR

Construction: QY and RX and then draw ΧΜ ⊥ PR and YN ⊥ PQ (1/2 mark


each)
1 1
Proof : Area of ∆ PXY = × base × height = × ΡΧ × YN
2 2
1
Area of ∆ PXY = PY × ΧΜ
2
1
Similarly Area of ∆ QXY = QX × NY
2
1
Area of ∆ RXY = YR × ΧΜ
2
Therefore
1
area ( ∆ΡΧY ) × ΡΧ × YN
= 2
ΡΧ
= (1)
area ( ∆QΧY ) 1 QΧ
× QΧ × YΝ
2

1
ar ( ∆ΡXY ) × PY × ΧΜ
PY
= 2 = (2)
ar ( ∆RXY ) 1 YR
× YR × ΧΜ
2
∆ QXY and ∆ RXY are on same base XY and between the same parallels XY
and QR.

∴ area (∆ QXY) = area (∆ RXY) (3)

Therefore from (1) (2) and (3) we have


ΡΧ ΡY
=
ΧQ YR
1
Hence, proved (2 marks)
2

(ii) Part

Given: DE  BC, BD = CE
To prove: AB = AC
Proof In ∆ABC since DE  BC u sin g BPT
So
AD AE
=
DB EC
AD DB
⇒ = =1
AE EC
⇒ AD = AE
So AD + DB = AE + EC
⇒ AB = AC
⇒ ∆ABC is isosceles
(2 marks)

Ans28.

(1 mark)
Let DC be the tower and initial position of car be A and after 6 sec, it
Reaches point B
In ∆DAC
DC 1
= tan 30 =
AC 3
AC
⇒ DC = ...(i)
3 (1 mark)
In ∆DBC
DC
= tan 60 = 3
BC
DC = 3 BC ....(ii)
(1 mark)

From (i) and (ii)


AC
= 3 BC
3
AB + BC
= 3 BC
3 (2 marks)
⇒ AB = 2BC
Car is traveling with uniform speed it takes 6 sec. to travel distance AB. So
time taken to travel distance BC will be 3 sec.
(1 mark)

Ans29.

Radius of cylinder = 6 cm
Height of cylinder = 8 cm
Radius of Cone = 6 cm
Height of Cone = 8 cm (1 mark)

Volume of cylinder =
πr2h
= π62.8
1
= 288πcm3 (1 marks)
2
Volume of Cone =
1 2
π6 .8
3
1
= 96πcm3 (1 marks)
2
Volume of Remaining solid
= Volume of cylinder − Volume of cone
= 288π − 96π
= 192π (1mark)
= 192 × 3.1416 = 603.19cm3 (1mark)
OR

∆ABC is right angled at A


Given AB = 6 cm BC = 10 cm
So BC2 = AB2 + AC2
⇒ AC = 8cm (1mark)
1
Area of ∆ ABC = × 8 × 6 = 24cm2 (1mark)
2
Join OB, OC and OA
Area ( ∆ABC ) = ar ( ∆OBC ) + ar ( ∆OAB )
1
24 = × r × {10 + 6 + 8}
2
48 = 24r
⇒ r = 2cm (2 marks)
So area of circle = 4π
Area of shaded portion=
Ar(∆ABC) − Ar(circle)
= 24 − 4 × 3.14
= 11.44cm2

(2 marks)
Ans30.

Class Midpoint Frequency fixi cf


100-120 110 12 1320 12
120-140 130 14 1820 26
140-160 150 8 1200 34
160-180 170 6 1020 40
180-200 190 10 1900 50
N = ∑ fi = 50 7260

∑ fixi 7260 726


Mean= = = = 145.2 (2 marks)
∑ fi 50 5
N
N = 50 , = 25 so median class is 120 – 140
2
N 
 − cf 

Median= l +  2

× h
 f 
 
l = lower limit of median class = 120
N = 25
2
cf = 12
f = 14
Class size = 20
 25 − 12 
120 +   × 20
Median =  14 
= 120 + 18.57 = 138.57
(2 marks)
 f1 − f0 
Mode = l +  ×h
2f1 − f0 − f2 
Again highest frequency (14) is of class 120 – 140
f1 = 14 , fo = 12 f2 = 8
 14 − 12 
So mode = 120 +   × 20
 28 − 20 
2
= 120 + × 20
8
mod e = 125 (2marks)
So mean = 145.2
Median = 138.57
And mode = 125