World Heritage Patrimoine mondial

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35 COM
Paris, 26 April / 26 avril 2011 Original: English

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR L'EDUCATION, LA SCIENCE ET LA CULTURE

CONVENTION CONCERNING THE PROTECTION OF THE WORLD CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE CONVENTION CONCERNANT LA PROTECTION DU PATRIMOINE MONDIAL, CULTUREL ET NATUREL WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE / COMITE DU PATRIMOINE MONDIAL Thirty-fifth session / Trente-cinquième session Paris, France 19-29 June 2011 / 19-29 juin 2011

Item 7 of the Provisional Agenda: State of conservation of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List and/or on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Point 7 de l’Ordre du jour provisoire: Etat de conservation de biens inscrits sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial et/ou sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril

MISSION REPORT / RAPPORT DE MISSION Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and Historic District of Panama (Panama) (790bis) Site archéologique de Panamá Viejo et district historique de Panamá (Panamá) (N° 790bis) 27 – 31 October 2010 / 27 – 31 octobre 2010 This mission report should be read in conjunction with Document: Ce rapport de mission doit être lu conjointement avec le document suivant:

WHC-11/35.COM/7B

Report on the Reactive Monitoring Mission to The Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá (Panama) 27 – 31 October 2010

Dr. Nuria Sanz (UNESCO World Heritage Centre) Dr. Isabel Rigol (ICOMOS)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The participants of this Reactive Monitoring Mission wish to thank the Instituto Nacional de Patrimonio (INAP), the World Heritage Committee, the World Heritage Centre, and ICOMOS, for the opportunity to undertake such an interesting and necessary endeavour. They would also like to convey their gratitude to the representatives of the State Party for the high level of interest displayed in welcoming the Mission, and providing it with all the means and information needed. Special thanks to the Office of the President of the Republic of Panama; the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Tourism and Public Works; the Office for the Historic District, and the Patronato of Panama Viejo.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama was undertaken from 27 – 31 October 2010, in response to the request of the World Heritage Committee at its 34th Session held in Brasilia from 25 July 25 to 3 August 2010 (Decision 34 COM 7B.113). Since the last Monitoring Mission in March 2009, efforts have been made by the National Institute of Culture (INAC), the Office for the Historic District (OCA) and the Patronato of Panama Viejo to properly address the various threats facing the property. However progress made by the INAC and the OCA in terms of technical or legal studies and proposals, inter-institutional agreements, educational or cultural programmes among other positive actions, have not yet resulted in a significant impact on the improvement of the property’s management or the physical conservation of the attributes that sustain its Outstanding Universal Value, authenticity and integrity. There are numerous factors which have been affecting the World Heritage property, such as the acute and progressive deterioration of the built heritage, the precarious living conditions of low income sectors, real estate speculation, and difficulties with management and authority; all posing serious threats to the Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity of the Historic District. Among the currently existing problems, the construction of the Cinta Costera is probably the most alarming one. This ambitious and costly project which forms part of a broader ‘Thoroughfare Plan for the Capital’ has its Phase 1 running along Panama City’s coastline, with its Phase 2 running along the traditional harbour area known as Terraplén and is currently close to being finalized. Although this Phase 2 is positive in terms of the public hygiene of the area, it presents a rather unnecessary and radical transformation of

the waterfront. A third phase, to be started soon (as evidenced by the publicized call for tender), is planned to either surround the peninsula of the Historic District or surpass it through a tunnel. The first option would aggressively modify the natural seascape of the old town, and the second could result in risks to the physical conditions of the historic buildings, some of which are in danger of collapse. In both cases, the values and the integrity for which the District was included in the World Heritage List could suffer irreversible losses. Despite several requests and warnings from the World Heritage Committee, the State Party has not submitted the Cinta Costera Project for the review and approval of the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, neither has it presented the requested impact studies. Panama Viejo presents a starkly different situation. It is efficiently managed by its Patronato and the archaeological park is duly and systematically preserved. Fund raising, interpretation, promotional and educational actions all form ongoing activities at the site. There is also a skilled team of professionals who continue to work on the research and conservation of the site. A feasible alternative among those proposed by the Patronato for the Avenida Cincuentenario (as the main threat to Panama Viejo) has been recently opened for bidding by the Ministry of Public Works (MOP), with the aim to commence work on the deviation of the road to eliminate this threat to the property. According to the declarations of the President of the Republic, who kindly welcomed the Mission at his office, it is expected that a more comprehensive national policy for World Heritage will be developed, which would include all Ministries and the various public and private stakeholders. LIST OF RECOMMENDATIONS -The World Heritage Committee at its 35th Session in 2011 should inscribe the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger in order to address the concerns and challenges currently facing the site; -Considering that (1) the Republic of Panama is currently undergoing an exceptionally accelerated development process, (2) also possesses a large number of cultural and natural World Heritage properties in proportion to its small territory, and (3) the currently expressed will of the President to comply with all the compromises regarding the 1972 World Heritage Convention; the possibility exists to use this State Party as a paradigm of good practices related to heritage and development under the direct sponsorship of the President of the Republic; -In order to progressively achieve this condition, a new, comprehensive and legally supported national policy is urgently needed, endorsed by the Government of Panama at its highest levels;

-INAC´s proposal for a National World Heritage Committee should be approved and implemented as soon as possible; -The proposal for the Historic District to be established as a special territory with a legal status should be defined and implemented urgently; -In addition to the recently signed agreement between Panama Viejo and the Historic District as two components of one World Heritage property, the responsible authority or entity to unify criteria and coordinate actions must be defined; -The Emergency Plan submitted in 2009 must be adjusted according to the above mentioned objectives, with a clearer and more practical approach to priorities, dates, financial agreements, etc; as well as endorsed at the highest levels of the State Party; - A definitive Master Plan for the Historic District must be concluded and implemented; -The proposal for the Historic District’s buffer zone should be urgently finalized and submitted for approval as a legal document; -A legal and satisfactory solution for those pending cases such as the Hotel Central and the PH Independencia must be elaborated with the support of the top levels of the State Party if necessary, in order to avoid the generalized feeling of impunity as it relates to the historic environment; -The Cinta Costera Project Phase 3 should be immediately suspended and technical information on proposed alternatives submitted to the World Heritage Centre for further analysis and to start the consultative process. A study of the impacts of all alternatives for the Cinta Costera Project should be urgently carried out. The World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS express their willingness to evaluate the projects in their entirety, in collaboration with the Odebrecht Construction Company, the Ministry of Public Works (MOP), INAC and the OCA. 1 If necessary, the World Heritage Centre may designate a highly specialized expert on these matters as a Consultant; -A capacity building and training programme on World Heritage management should be implemented, addressing all sectors and involving the needs to be addressed and systematically applied; - If the Cinta Costera Project Phase 3 is constructed, the process of commencing the property’s delisting from the World Heritage List is envisaged.

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Brazilian Odebrecht Company has recently expressed its will to collaborate with UNESCO on this project.

1. BACKGROUND TO THE MISSION

For 1.1 Inscription history and 1.2 Inscription Criteria and World Heritage values see Annex 1. Report of the WHC/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama, 11 – 17 March 2009, at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/790/documents/. 1.3 Examination of the state of conservation by the World Heritage Committee and its Bureau. The last examination of the state of conservation by the World Heritage Committee took place during its 34th Session held in Brasilia, Brazil, July 2010. As factors affecting the property identified from the reports of the World Heritage Centre/ ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions undertaken in March 2009 and March 2010 respectively, the Committee underlined the following 2 : a) Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the property; b) Conflicting interests of different stakeholders with regards to the use, management and conservation of the Historic Centre; c) Limited capacity for the rehabilitation and maintenance of historic structures; d) Deficiencies in the implementation of the legislative framework for protection; e) Lack of implementation of clear conservation and management policies for the property; f) Demolition of urban ensembles and buildings; g) Forced displacement of occupants and squatters; h) Urban development projects within the protected area (i.e. Cinta Costera). Regarding the conservation issues at the moment of the 34th Session, the World Heritage Committee’s Working Document emphasized the following 3 : “The World Heritage Centre received information regarding the state of conservation, and additional information concerning Panama Viejo on 20 October 2009. The State Party submitted an Emergency Plan for corrective measures for the property from which some information about the implementation of the World Heritage Committee’s Decision can be gleaned. In addition, within the context of a Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama, the national authorities requested a technical visit to the property for an assessment of current conditions and issues.

2 Document WHC-10/34.COM/7B. Paris, 22 June, 2010. Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and Historic District of Panama .Panama (C 790bis) 3

Idem

The information received and the technical visit to the property highlighted concerns regarding the Historic District of Panama and how the absence of a clear policy concerning the preservation and development of the area was significantly affecting the site. There have been cases of aggressive interventions and alterations resulting in irreversible damage to the site’s integrity and authenticity. Neglected buildings are in danger of collapse and funds previously allocated by the Inter American Development Bank (IDB) for social housing have been rerouted to other projects, further compounding the poor social conditions that exist at the site”. A. Emergency Plan ICOMOS conducted an evaluation of the document submitted by the State Party and considers that it encompasses a characterization of the property, an assessment of current conditions by means of SWOT matrixes and conclusions on risks and vulnerabilities, and a list of measures focused on addressing identified risks and threats. The document reflects the efforts made in comprehensively analyzing the current situation from the state of conservation of the property to the assessment of existing legislative and regulatory frameworks, which confirms concerns pointed out during previous reactive monitoring and expert missions, and identified in previous Decisions of the World Heritage Committee. Notwithstanding the detailed assessment, the proposals for actions are limited and there is no indication regarding timelines, sources of funding or how corrective measures and actions will be implemented. Similarly, criteria and methods for interventions at historic buildings are lacking. The document is more focused on a long-term strategic vision for the management and conservation of the property, which would still require further work, than on the emergency action plan requested by the World Heritage Committee. B. Legislative and regulatory measures and management arrangements for the property. The submitted plan provides a detailed analysis of existing governance mechanisms for the property, however there is no indication whether existing arrangements will be revised in the near future to enhance the protection of the property, and to ensure the sustainability of the management system currently in place. Measures for enforcing legal instruments are also not indicated. According to previous World Heritage Committee Decisions, there has been no significant improvement in terms of the coordinated management of the property. It was also emphasized that the management conditions of the two sites which integrate the World Heritage property are quite different: Panama Viejo is being managed by the Patronato, while the arrangements for the Historic District still need to be evaluated and organized, as suggested by previous Decisions of the World Heritage Committee, the 2009 reactive monitoring mission and the 2010 expert mission. A coordinated management system for both sites needs to be established as soon as possible.

C. Buffer zone The document indicates that the buffer zone for the Historic District is currently under evaluation. There is no additional information on the timeframe for legal approval or on the regulatory measures foreseen. D. Interventions at historic monuments Regarding Panama Viejo, the document submitted by the State Party includes the proposal for the intervention at Plaza Mayor. The mission found that the Patronato continues working with efficiency and commitment. Several interventions to adapt a portion of the monumental space for new functions have been carefully implemented. The project for the new exhibition and interpretation facilities at the site was recently modified, moving its location to some distance from the old tower, following the recommendations of the 2009 mission. With regard to the Historic Centre, information on planned and ongoing projects, including the structural changes at the Hotel Central and the impacts of the PH Plaza Independencia condominium, was not included. The mission found that although the Instituto Nacional de Cultura (INAC), the National Historic Heritage Directorate (DNPH) and the Office of the Historic District (Oficina del Casco Antiguo-OCA) are working hard and demonstrate serious regarding the solutions for the issues pointed out by the World Heritage Committee, many negative aspects currently persist. Various buildings have been rehabilitated and many others are currently being restored, however there are a significant number of neglected buildings at risk of collapse. It also noted that real estate speculation and interests continue to pervade decision-making processes, leading to detrimental interventions at the property. E. Housing policy for the Historic District The information sent does not specify whether a decision or progress has been made in this respect. The Emergency Plan should comprise a detailed programme regarding the buildings to be intervened for housing purposes, the types of interventions foreseen, timelines and budgets for implementation, among others. No information regarding the implementation of some of the recommendations of the reactive monitoring mission of 2009 was included, specifically with regards to the financial mobilization for public investment processes on housing and infrastructure, and the sustainable policy for the improvement of the low income families´ living conditions. The mission noted that very limited works for the provision of social housing are currently being implemented and that acute social conflicts have not decreased. It also underscored that funds allocated by the IDB for social housing have been re-allocated to other areas, leading to the cancellation of initiatives that had proven successful. The mission considers that the gentrification of the property has gradually increased.

F. Avenida Cincuentenario This project concerns mainly Panama Viejo, where five alternative routes have been identified and submitted to the national authorities, and are currently being evaluated by the Ministry of Public Works and other involved entities. No evidence of an approved budget or implementation project dates has been provided. According to the 2010 expert mission, the Patronato supports the alternative proposed by the 2009 Reactive Monitoring Mission, which would see the project being developed along one edge of the site, as this option seems to cause the least impact and will help with a better delimitation of the property. G. Cinta Costera The Cinta Costera project is a coastal freeway being executed at the seaside area of Terraplén that is projected to continue along the border of the Historic Centre, with plans for a tunnel beneath the Centre’s core. At the 33rd session of the World Heritage Committee, the State Party was requested to, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, to submit to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a final report, including the analysis and monitoring of the potential impacts of this project. The Mission in 2010 realized that the State Party had commenced the execution of this project. No additional information could be procured regarding the social impacts, conservation requirements, impact assessments, etc. of this project. The Mission was therefore left to conclude that these assessments were not undertaken. H. Other issues Within the framework of the Periodic Reporting Exercise for the Region, the “Workshop on the Preparation of the Retrospective Inventory, Retrospective statement of Outstanding Universal Value of the properties included on the World Heritage List and an introduction to the Second Cycle of the Periodic Reporting for the Latin America and Caribbean Region” took place November 2009 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The focal point for Panama participated and was trained on how to produce the Retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value. The State Party had submitted a proposal which was to be revised and resubmitted to the World Heritage Centre by 31 July 2010. No information on the evaluation and update of the current Master Plan and detailed regulations for the Historic District has been submitted. To conclude, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that the received information does not provide a definite and precise course of action to address the current threats to the property that have been highlighted in the 2009 reactive monitoring mission and in Decisions made by the World Heritage Committee. There are no clear schedules or comprehensive technical information about how critical issues, including social housing and its derived conflicts, the impacts of the Cinta Costera and the alternative route for the Avenida Cincuentenario will be addressed. The document does not evidence how the highest level of authority will commit to the conservation of

the property or the definition of a clear policy for the preservation and development of the historic area. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that factoring the emergency situation as discussed in previous World Heritage Committee sessions that affect a high proportion of the buildings in the Historic District, and which encompasses a wide range of other threats, and given the very limited response observed by the various missions, it is evident that the current situation threatens the attributes of the Historic District which sustain the Outstanding Universal Value of the property. They consider that the World Heritage Committee may wish to send a reactive monitoring mission to asses the state of conservation of the property and to evaluate progress made in addressing the various threats with a view to include the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2011 if no substantial progress is made.
See Decision: 34 COM 7B.113 on Annex 2.

PREVIOUS DECISIONS DECISION 33COM 7B.141 The World Heritage Committee, 1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add, 2. Recalling Decision 32 COM 7B.126, adopted at its 32nd session (Quebec City, 2008), 3. Notes the progress report on the preparation of the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value of the property and requests the State Party to further develop it in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies to integrate all components of the inscribed property and to meet the requirements of the Operational Guidelines; 4. Also notes the results of the 2009 joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission, endorses its recommendations and requests the State Party to implement them by 30 November 2009 and in particular to: a) Develop an Emergency Plan for corrective measures that delineates a precise course of action for the conservation of the historic buildings and the rehabilitation of neglected buildings to address social lodging concerns. b) Prepare the Emergency Plan within the framework of a broad participatory decisionmaking process and guarantee the commitment of the highest levels of authority to the conservation of the property; 5. Urges the State Party to: a) Approve of the revised legislative proposal to enhance the protection and the regulatory measures of the property and to establish one permanent management authority to ensure the sustainability of the management system of the property; b) Continue developing a housing policy for the urban district in order to improve the living conditions of the low-income families and to reactivate technical and financial assistance from international cooperation agencies; c) Define alternative routes to the Avenida Cincuentenario given the impacts on the property's Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity; 6. Also requests the State Party to, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, submit the following information to the World Heritage Centre and

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ICOMOS for evaluation and consideration by the World Heritage Committee prior to implementation: a) The intervention proposals for historic buildings within the protected area; b) The proposed boundaries for the buffer zones of Panama Viejo and the Historic District, including the appropriate cartography and the legal framework for their regulation and protection; c) A final report including the analysis and monitoring of the potential impacts derived from the construction of the Cinta Costera; 7. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2010, a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property and on the progress made in the implementation of the above recommendations, for the examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session in 2010. Decision: 32 COM 7B.126 The World Heritage Committee, 1. Having examined Document WHC-08/32.COM/7B, 2. Recalling Decision 27 COM 8C.40, adopted at its 27th session (UNESCO, 2003), 3. Requests the State Party, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS, to develop a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value including the conditions of integrity and authenticity, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session in 2009; 4. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, a comprehensive report on the current management system; 5. Additionally requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to assess the current state of conservation, the authenticity and the integrity of the property, and to give recommendations to enhance management and conservation practices, as well as guidance on an Emergency Plan; 6. Requests moreover the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2009, with an updated report on the issues above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session in 2009, with a view to considering, in the absence of substantial progress, the inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

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1.4 Justification of the Mission.
This Mission responds to Decision 34 COM 7B.113 of the World Heritage Committee, where the State Party was requested to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/Advisory Bodies Reactive Monitoring Mission in 2010, to assess the state of interventions at the historic monuments, current management arrangements, planned development projects and the state of conservation of the property (See Annex 2. Terms of Reference, Programme and Composition of Mission Team).
2. NATIONAL POLICY FOR THE PRESERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE WORLD HERITAGE PROPERTY.

For Protected Area legislation, Institutional Framework and Management structure, see Annex 1. Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama 11 – 17 March 2009. 3. IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF ISSUES / THREATS 3.1 Management effectiveness -The INAC has developed a proposal for the creation of a National World Heritage Commission, which is currently undergoing legal approval with the status of a Presidential Decree. The Committee will be subordinated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and aims to ensure compliance with the compromises of the State Party with regards to Panamanian World Heritage sites and the systematic coordination of all issues with the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies. -The Office for the Historic District (OCA) and the Patronato of Panama Viejo recently signed Agreement No. 003-2010 related to the joint coordination of efforts on the conservation and management of the two sites that comprise the World Heritage property. The coordination of actions between the two components of the property (Panama Viejo and the Historic District) has not yet been implemented. 3.1.1 Management of the Historic District Since the Reactive Monitoring Mission in March 2009, some advances have taken place: -The INAC and the OCA have been reviewing the currently employed legal instruments in order to update them and identify if new documents are necessary. These entities are for instance studying the possibility of officially declaring the Historic Center as a special district with all the necessary authorities, and will be possibly subordinated to the Office of the President, with eligible authorities, own electricity, water supply, sewage and other infrastructural systems.

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-Several agreements have been achieved between the OCA and other involved entities to coordinate actions for the improvement of technical infrastructure, housing rehabilitation, etc. -The OCA has undertaken numerous studies regarding housing and other social aspects, hydraulic, sanitary and electrical infrastructure, transportation, cultural industries and others that would facilitate the formulation of plans and, above all, the updating of a Master Plan, which would be legislatively supported. -Some educational and cultural programmes have been cancelled. However in spite of the above-mentioned efforts, the Historic District’s management still remains inefficient due to the following reasons: -INAC´s National Heritage Directorate and the OCA have insufficient authority to adequately intervene in the various processes taking place in the Historic District. -The insufficiency, complexity and dualities of the legal instruments persist and do not allow the proper sanctions or orientation with regards to the negative actions on the patrimonial areas. -There is a lack of stimuli for investments in the area, due to a generalized feeling of insufficient security, social conflicts, lack of services, etc. The formerly acting Law on Incentives which could greatly help continues without implementation. -Non-existence of a definitively updated and legally supported Master Plan for the Historic District, although several proposals have been developed over the years. -There is no clear coordination of decisions regarding the City of Panama’s territory and those of the Historic District. This is evident, in for example, the ‘Plan for the Development of the City’s Thoroughfares’ currently promoted by the Ministry of Public Works, and which foresees a continuation to the Cinta Costera (Coastal Freeway) surrounding the Historic District or through a tunnel. This Plan has not been fully coordinated with INAC´s Heritage Directorate. -A definitive proposal for the Historic District ´s buffer zone has not been concluded, so there is not yet any legal support for this proposal. In addition, the Ministry of Tourism is currently promoting a large scaled development for a convention centre, cruise ship facilities, etc. within the area foreseen by the OCA as a buffer zone. This development will require large land fills on the sea side. No environmental and heritage impact assessments have as yet been concluded regarding the impacts of this development on the buffer zone, on possible archaeological findings or other values. -Lack of knowledge regarding UNESCO, the World Heritage Convention, the Operational Guidelines, or the potential sustainable use of heritage for human development, etc.

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-The Emergency Programme on Social Housing meant to alleviate the alarming conditions of the popular dwellings in the area, and requested by the World Heritage Committee, has not yet been duly prioritized in the form of allocated resources or related policies. -The technical regulations comprising the Manual of Standards and Proceedings for the rehabilitation of the Historic District of Panama City, approved by Executive Decree 51/ 2004, are often violated. Examples of this are the cases of the PH Independencia and Hotel Central both on the main Plaza, which have not had a satisfactory solution due to the already mentioned weakness of the current legal instruments and their proper enforcement. -The status of government owned properties which could be restored for social purposes, is complicated because- in many cases- the soil is a public property but the buildings are private. -There is no adequate complex of common services (such as supermarkets, drugstores, parking lots etc) and neither are there plans for developing these amenities for the benefit of residents and tourists. -The Tourism authorities maintain that the District cannot yet be considered a tourism destination because it is unsafe and lacking necessary services. -While a significant budget has been allocated to the enlargement of the City’s Thoroughfare System, funds for the rehabilitation of the Historic District remain insufficient in relation to current needs. -The social, cultural and educational projects sponsored by the OCA are insufficient in relation to needs; and others (such as Calicanto and Aprojusan) promoted until 2009 by non governmental entities have ended due to a lack of support. -The relationship between the heritage authorities on one side and community associations such as the Asociación de Vecinos del Casco Antiguo(AVACA) on the other, as well as professional organizations ( ICOMOS, Sociedad de Ingenieros y Arquitectos de Panamá), is not positively developed resulting in the under-utilization of available expertise. 3.1.2 Management of Panama Viejo -As a result of the prestige, commitment and actions of many of its members, the Patronato remains a highly respected entity by all stakeholders; -The technical-administrative directorship of the site continues working rigorously and efficiently on the site’s management, with the skilled support of its team of professionals;

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-The buffer zone legally established by Law No.16 from 2007 is adequately working and regulations are being enforced; - There is increasing fundraising capacity by the Patronato aimed at guaranteeing research and conservation related activities; -The conservation laboratory has been completed and fitted with specialized equipment and staff; -The consolidation and maintenance of ruins has continued, although signs of humidity can be observed in some areas. Their urgent treatment and related systematic monitoring is foreseen; -The recent restoration of the ruins of the Compañía de Jesús for a lecture hall, subtly inserting some contemporary elements, has been a notable achievement; -Five alternatives for the deviation of the Cincuentenario Avenue, which currently traverses the site, have been carefully studied and proposed by the Patronato; and according to recent information from the Ministry of Public Works (MOP), the alternative chosen by the Patronato will be adopted. It seems apparent that the MOP has abandoned the idea posed previously, of having the Avenue deviate through the site’s coastal strip. This was an option firmly rejected by the Patronato as harmful to the Park’s integrity and to its natural maritime border; -A study by environmental professionals is currently being undertaken in order to identify a suitable management solution for the increasing mangrove growth on the coast. 3.2 Nature and extent of threats to the property, taking into consideration the values for which the property was inscribed and specific issues outlined by the World Heritage Committee 3.2.1 Historic District: -The acute deterioration of many buildings (whether inhabited or empty) persists; -A high percentage of privately owned buildings (more than 80 %) are neglected; -There is strong speculation on the built heritage, and the value of a property can extend from 3000 to 4000 USD per m2. -While progressive gentrification is taking place, the living conditions of a large number of low income families have not improved; -There are large numbers of dwellings in poor condition and inhabited by low income families. According to the OCA’s data, 240 families live in extreme poverty, however a

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simple inspection would reveal that a much larger number of persons live under precarious conditions. At the fore of this alarming situation, is the apparent lack of priority being given by the Ministry of Housing (MIVI) to the improvement of living conditions in the Historic District; -The numerous social challenges such as increasing violence, gangs and others related issues that threaten the area’s security are mainly due to the precarious living conditions; -As a consequence of violating existing technical regulations and the subsequent weak legal enforcement by the authorities, there are frequent alterations and loss of values of emblematic landmarks. For example, the Hotel Central is currently undergoing questionable reconstruction, after a large portion of its original components were arbitrarily destroyed; and at the PH Independencia where new and aggressive volumes were added to create new high standard apartments4 ; -The former Santo Domingo Convent, rehabilitated and adapted to cultural and commercial functions and opened in early 2010, is now closed without any social use, consequently the resources used on its restoration have been wasted. The general neglect of the building also contributes greatly to its deterioration; -The large (and significant) numbers of vehicles (approximately 400, 000) which circulate the Historic District on a daily basis contribute significantly to problems of congestion, pollution, and general insecurity; - In spite of successive warnings by the World Heritage Committee, the Cinta Costera Phase 2 is currently under accelerated construction at the Historic District’s former harbour area known as Terraplén, without the necessary social and visual impact studies - as it relates to a historic area, being sent to the World Heritage Centre. As far as it can be appreciated, it is the case of a new and very wide strip on the waterfront that, although it might improve the hygienic conditions of this area, definitely modifies its old harbour character and close views of the waterfront; 5 -The underground parking area presently under construction as part of the Cinta Costera Phase 2 on the Terraplén, is huge, unnecessary and out of scale, and instead of hiding its shape, exceeds the street level by about one meter; -The projects for the Cinta Costera Phase 3 are even more dangerous to the integrity of the Old District. They have also not been submitted to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for review, neither is there any indication of environmental and

The investors of the Hotel Central were fined USD 50, 000 which does not compensate the losses they produced on this valuable building. Regarding the intervention on the PH Independencia – INAC informs it is not possible to act because it was, though erroneously, officially permitted by the Heritage Directorate and it is not currently possible to revoke this decision. 5 It is to regret that- instead of building such an expensive thoroughfare with several lanes probably suitable for a considerable speed- they did not work out the rehabilitation of the existent street, its picturesque seafront and its buildings providing it with attractive services on the ground floors, preserving the maritime harbor character for tourism, recreation and culture.

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heritage impact studies having been undertaken although repeated requests have been made by the World Heritage Committee; -Based on information received from the MOP, the Cinta Costera Phase 3 will be developed from the Terraplén (Arosemena Street, current Phase 2 to concluded soon) to the zone of Amador, as part of an ambitious Thoroughfare Plan for Panama, that, far from benefitting the Historic District, intends to use it as a connection and would strongly impact its integrity. 6 The MOP has worked out two alternatives: a) Surrounding the Historic District; b) Traversing the Historic District with a tunnel. Alternative A - is unacceptable as it would transform the District’s traditional form and image on its coastline, an important part of the values which warranted inscription on the World Heritage List. Alternative B - besides being too expensive could signify risks to the structural stability of the old and deteriorated built heritage.7 Neither the Odebrecht Company (in charge of construction) nor the MOP has developed a third alternative for the Historic District; -The District’s water supply and sewage infrastructure are also in a severely deteriorated state; . -Signage on streets and public spaces is also poor. 3.2.2 Panama Viejo: -The Avenida Cincuentenario remains the most significant threat. As traffic consistently increases, any delay in executing the necessary works to deviate the Avenue could pose additional dangers. 3.3 Positive or negative developments in the conservation of the property since the last report to the World Heritage Committee. 3.3.1 Historic District Since the last report to the World Heritage Committee, there have been positive developments: -A detailed diagnosis of the Cathedral has been undertaken to urgently start its restoration with allocated funds;

7 The Brazilian Company Odebrecht is studying the tunnel alternative and assures that - according to their experience on tunnels like the one they built under the historic zone of Chiado in Lisbonne- they have all the means to avoid any risks.

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-Under a private initiative, several buildings have been successfully rehabilitated for new hostels (for example, Las Clementinas), which has helped to create a necessary and agreeable accommodation network, resulting in the provision of local jobs. Rehabilitation projects for new private hotels that will increase lodging facilities and enhance the areas where they are located are currently being worked on. For example, Hotels Plaza Herrera, Convento and Unión, as well as others, all comply with stated technical regulations; -Over ten very attractive restaurants and cafes were recently installed in the District; -Security has improved due to the permanent patrolling of the District by the Presidential Guard; -Though only destined for higher income groups and contributing to gentrification, there is an increasing number of well rehabilitated buildings providing apartments for rent or sale and, in general, rescuing the built heritage; -The ongoing cleaning of Panama Bay will conclude in 2010. With a budget of USD 430 million, it will also be of benefit to the Historic District. As the most negative developments: -The amount of restoration/rehabilitation works concluded or started by the OCA since 2009 to October 2010 is deemed to be small in comparison to the largely deteriorated conditions that still exist regarding the built heritage; - The ideal balance between private and public investments is far from being achieved; - Although the Terraplén traditional waterfront area presented great functional, visual and sanitation problems, as well as urgently needed rehabilitation, the costly Cinta Costera Phase 2 on Arosemena Street and the seaside has radically modernized or modified the area’s traditional form instead of promoting its reorganization/ revitalization while profiting from a picturesque harbour; - The Cinta Costera Phase 3, according to the MOP’s projections, would shortly either start surrounding the Historic District or traversing it by a tunnel, however as stated previously, both alternatives present a threat to the site. 3.3.2 Panamá Viejo As positive developments, the following can be mentioned: -The restoration and re-adaption of the Compañia de Jesus was concluded and a beautiful lecture hall is currently functioning in its spaces; -The maintenance of all ruins, lawn and facilities is systematically performed; -Specialized studies for a management solution for the mangroves growing on the coastal border are being conducted; -Final discussions with the MOP on the Cincuentenario Avenue took place and the deviation of the highway is currently under the bidding process. 3.4 Information on any specific threat or damage to or loss of Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and/or authenticity for which the property was inscribed.

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Over the last 5 years, Missions and assessments conducted have concluded that the property is in danger of losing its Outstanding Universal Value, authenticity and integrity, for the following reasons: -While the state of conservation of a large number of buildings in the Historic District remains precarious, and many remain empty or in danger of collapse, the general amount of restoration works is small; -Real estate speculation, far from being controlled, is increasing; -Social conflicts continue to be a serious concern due to the large number of families who live under crowded and unhealthy conditions, while the State Party’s entities (Ministry of Housing, OCA, etc.) have not prioritized this matter; neither are there allocated resources for its progressive alleviation and solution; -The current projects for the Cinta Costera which are aimed at improving the difficulties of the City’s Thoroughfare System would strongly affect the integrity and functioning of the Historic District. Should Phase 3 be built surrounding the Historic District (the apparent alternative promoted by MOP), the traditional form and image of the maritime border will be irreversibly transformed; -Should the State Party not comply in the short term with its compromise to deviate the Cincuentenario Avenue, based to the alternative approved by the Patronato and already accepted by MOP, the heavy traffic (pollution, vibrations, and noise) will continue affecting the archaeological site; -Should the coastal alternative for the deviation of the Cincuentenario Avenue be accepted (in the past promoted by the MOP), the site’s natural maritime border could be altered and any research on its underwater heritage would practically be impossible.

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4. ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE OF CONSERVATION OF THE PROPERTY 4.1Review whether the values, on the basis of which the property was inscribed on the World Heritage List, and the conditions of integrity are being maintained. -The Historic District still retains the Outstanding Universal Value for which it was inscribed on the World Heritage List, however if current threats are not urgently and adequately dealt with, most of these values will be irretrievably lost.; -Panama Viejo has retained its Outstanding Universal Value, its integrity and authenticity; however these might become severely threatened if the Cincuentenario Avenue is not properly deviated. 4.2 Review any follow-up measures to previous Decisions of the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of the property and measures which the State Party plans to take to protect the Outstanding Universal Value of the property The current actions taken in response to the requests made by the World Heritage Committee (Decision 34 COM 7B.113) at its 34th Session held in Brasilia, 2010, are as follows: a) Establish the buffer zone for Panama Viejo and the Historic District, including the definition of regulatory measures, and submit the information to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for consideration and review The buffer zone for Panama Viejo has been legally established, however the studies for the Historic District’s buffer zone have not yet been concluded and no official proposals have been submitted. b) Approve the legislative proposal to enhance the protection and the regulatory measures of the property and to establish one permanent management authority to ensure the adequacy and efficiency of the management arrangements. -As stated in 3.1, the INAC has developed a proposal for the creation of a National World Heritage Commission, under current legal approval with the status of a Presidential Decree, sub-ordinated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and aimed at ensuring compliance with the compromises assumed by the State Party with regards to Panamanian World Heritage properties and the systematic coordination of all issues with the UNESCO World Heritage Committee and the World Heritage Centre; -The OCA and the Patronato of Panama Viejo have recently signed Agreement No. 0032010 related to the joint coordination of efforts on the conservation and rehabilitation of the two sites that compose the World Heritage property;

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-In spite of the two above-mentioned steps, the coordination of actions between the two components of the property (Panama Viejo and the Historic District) has not yet been consolidated. c) Define policies for the preservation of the historic area, including criteria for rehabilitation and new developments that could potentially impact the property, Though there is an official Manual with Regulations and Proceedings for the Restoration and Rehabilitation of the Historic District, a clear and overall policy as an integral part of an updated and legally supported Master Plan is currently missing. d) Secure the required technical and financial resources to implement actions to address pressing concerns that threaten the Outstanding Universal Value, authenticity and integrity of the property; The technical and financial resources available for the Historic District are insufficient to adequately deal with the threats to its Outstanding Universal Value, its integrity and authenticity. Panama Viejo’s Patronato continues raising funds which allow proper management and maintenance of the site. Their technical staff complement has increased and is efficient. Notwithstanding, the deviation of the Avenida Cincuentenario is a costly action that depends on the MOP. The MOP has recently included the relocation of the Cincuentenario Avenue within a bidding named Master Plan for the Reorganization of the Thoroughfare System of Panama City; studies, projects, construction and financing of works for the preservation of the City’s historic heritage, which comprises other actions such as traditional paving and underground wiring in the Historic District ; -The demolition of the former crafts market in Panama Viejo will be undertaken in the near future according to the Patronato´s programme; -The projects for new facilities for interpretation and shops were adequately modified according to the recommendations of the 2009 WHC-ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission. The Patronato has the necessary funds to commence construction works. It also requested that the State Party halt the Cinta Costera Project and to submit, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, the necessary technical studies and impact assessments for consideration and review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies prior to approval and implementation -Instead of halting this development, the works for the Cinta Costera´s Phase 2 on the Terraplén waterfront has continued at a rapid rate, without any submissions being made to the World Heritage Centre as requested;

22

-Phase 3, according to the projects presented by the MOP to the monitoring mission, would either surround the Historic District (which seems to be the option currently chosen) or traverse it by means of a tunnel. No studies on their physical, social or functional impacts and risks have been undertaken at the present time. -In addition, it was requested that the State Party invite a joint World Heritage Centre/Advisory Bodies reactive monitoring mission in 2010 to assess the state of interventions at the historic monuments, current management arrangements, planned development projects and the state of conservation of the property; This last reactive monitoring mission was undertaken 27 - 31 October 2011 with the full support of the State Party. g) It further requested the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2011, a report on this issue above-mentioned, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011, with a view to considering, in the absence of substantial progress, the inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger. This report was submitted for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th Session in 2011.

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5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

5.1 Conclusions: Based on the declarations of the President of the Republic, who kindly welcomed the Mission at his office, it is hoped that greater emphasis will be placed by the State Party on the various Panamanian World Heritage sites. Nevertheless: -INAC´s and OCA´s advances in terms of technical or legal studies and proposals, interinstitutional agreements, a few educational or cultural programmes, among other positive actions, do not yet translate to a practical and definitive impact on improvements in the property’s management or on the physical conservation of its Outstanding Universal Value, authenticity and integrity; -In spite of the generalized lack of stimuli for investments in the Historic District, there has been some private interventions done according to established regulations, on formerly abandoned buildings, adapting them to attractive hotels, restaurants or cafes which greatly contribute to the area’s animation, provision of jobs and, in general, to prove that it is possible to rehabilitate old constructions for new use; 8 - Regarding two other examples i.e. the Plaza Independencia and the Hotel Central which have violated all regulations, the heritage authorities have not been legally able to halt the negative transformations on the buildings or revert them, turning these cases into symbols of a lack of enforcement of regulations and the efficacy of authorities; -Considering real estate needs, particularly those related to the large numbers of deteriorated buildings and the acute lack of social housing in the Historic District, only a limited amount of restoration or rehabilitation works have been either finished or initiated by the OCA since 2009; - Real estate speculation and gentrification are progressively increasing in the Historic District. -The emergency plan submitted by the State Party in 2009, and requested by the World Heritage Committee, does not seem to have been further updated and completed; -The Patronato of Panama Viejo works efficiently, and the majority of its commitments has been complied with or is in the process to being achieved, and although the Avenida Cincuentenario´s deviation seems to be a priority of the State Party, it still remains a threat to the site; -The projects for the Cinta Costera Phase 2 currently in construction and Phase 3, planned to either surround or traverse the Historic District through a tunnel, have never been submitted to the World Heritage Centre for examination by the World Heritage

8 Private investments- as long as they comply with the regulations-are desirable in a historic center where eighty percent of the properties is privately owned.

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Committee, and no studies on their physical, social and other impacts have been undertaken; Phase 2 has strongly modified the traditional water front of the Terraplén losing the opportunity to rehabilitate the picturesque maritime character of the area; Phase 3 signifies a very serious threat to the property .The alternative that surrounds the District would definitely modify its coastal border, and the alternative of the tunnel, a part from being expensive, could mean physical risks to the old and quite deteriorated structures; -Up to October 2010, the steps achieved to positively counter or alleviate the serious threats suffered by the property (specifically in the Historic District) have been insufficient or weak and have not produced substantial improvements; -The various negative factors identified by previous monitoring missions and underlined by the World Heritage Committee’s Decisions remain significant threats to the property; (See 1.3) -For all the reasons posed in this report, the mission considers that the Outstanding Universal Values, authenticity and integrity of the property are in Danger. 5.2 Recommendations: -The World Heritage Committee at its 35th Session in 2011 should consider the inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger in order to finally achieve the positive reaction expected from the State Party; -Considering that the Republic of Panama is currently undergoing an exceptionally accelerated development process; and having a large number of cultural and natural World Heritage properties in proportion to its small territory, and the currently expressed will of the President to comply with all the compromises regarding the World Heritage Convention, it is possible to use this State Party as a paradigm of good practices related to heritage and development under the direct sponsorship of the President; -In order to progressively achieve this condition, a new comprehensive and legally supported national policy, endorsed at the highest governmental levels, is urgently needed; -INAC´s proposal for a National World Heritage Committee must be approved and implemented; -The proposal for the Historic District as a special territory with the necessary legal status should be approved and implemented with urgency;

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-In addition to the recent agreement signed between Panama Viejo and the Historic District, as two components of one World Heritage property, the responsible authority or entity to unify criteria and coordinate actions must be defined; -The Emergency Plan submitted in 2009 should be updated according to the above stated objectives, with a clearer and more practical approach to priorities, dates, budgets, etc., as well as endorsed by the highest levels of the State Party; - A definitive Master Plan for the Historic District must be concluded and implemented; -The proposal for the Historic District’s buffer zone must be urgently concluded and submitted for approval; -A legal and satisfactory solution for those negative cases, the Hotel Central and PH Independencia must be established with the support of the highest levels of the State Party if necessary, in order to avoid the generalized feeling of impunity they produce and the bad example they represent; -The Cinta Costera Phase 3 must be immediately halted, and its related projects submitted to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for review. A study of the impacts of any alternative to the Cinta Costera must also be urgently conducted. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies should evaluate the projects and studies together with the Odebrecht Construction Company, the Ministry of Public Works (MOP), INAC and OCA. 9 If necessary, the World Heritage Centre should designate a highly specialized expert on these matters as a consultant; -A capacity building and training programme on World Heritage management addressed to all involved sectors should be established and systematically applied.

9

Brazilian Odebrecht Company has recently expressed its will to collaborate with UNESCO on this project.

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6. ANNEXES: Annex 1. Report of the WHC/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama, 11 – 17 March 2009, at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/790/documents/.
REPORT ON THE WHC/ICOMOS REACTIVE MONITORING MISSION TO THE (Panama) 11 – 17 March 2009

Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama

TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND LIST OF RECOMMENDATIONS 1 BACKGROUND TO THE MISSION Inscription history Criteria and World Heritage values Examination of the State of Conservation by the World Heritage Committee and its Bureau Justification of the mission (terms of reference, programme and composition of mission team provided in Annex) 2 NATIONAL POLICY FOR THE PRESERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE WORLD HERITAGE PROPERTY Protected area legislation Institutional framework Management structure Response to the recognition of values under international treaties and programmes (World Heritage, Biosphere Reserve designation) 3 IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF ISSUES Management Factors affecting the property 4 ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE OF CONSERVATION OF THE SITE Review whether the values on the basis of which the property was inscribed on the World Heritage List are being maintained 5 6 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ANNEXES (Terms of reference, Itinerary and programme, Composition of mission team, Maps, Photographs)

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Annex 2. Terms of Reference, Programme and Composition of Mission team 2.1 Terms of Reference Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and the Historic District of Panamá, Panama. 27 - 31 October 2010 In accordance to Decision 34 COM 7B.113 from the World Heritage Committee, the reactive monitoring mission will address the following tasks: 1. Undertake a programme of visits in order to assess the state of interventions at the historic monuments, current management arrangements, planned development projects and the state of conservation of the property and evaluate progress made in addressing the various threats to the site with particular focus on the assessment of: a. The establishment of a buffer zone for Panama Viejo and the Historic District and the definition of regulatory measures; b. The approval of legislative proposals to enhance the protection of the property and its regulatory measures; c. The establishment of one permanent management authority to ensure the adequacy and efficiency of the management arrangements; d. The definition of policies for the preservation of the historic area, and the established criteria for rehabilitation works as well as guidelines for new developments which could potentially impact the property; e. Progress made in securing technical and financial resources to implement actions that threaten the property’s Outstanding Universal Value; f. The state of advance in the construction of the Cinta Costera freeway, if any, and to analyze technical projects and alternatives with appropriate technical staff; g. A review of progress made in the preparation of the retrospective inventory of the site, and the draft retrospective statement of Outstanding Universal Value; h. An examination of the proposed demolition of the former crafts market, which was viewed as impacting the visual integrity of Panama Viejo, and the planned use of this space; i. Review foreseen projects related to the accessibility and developments of the archaeological site of Panama Viejo. j. Discuss the corrective measures and related Desire State of Conservation in case the site will be proposed for inscription of the WH List in Danger.

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2. To produce a common mission report (WHC/LAC and ICOMOS). The date for its finalization will be agreed during the mission. Please refer to the following link for documents relating to the Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and the Historic District of Panamá: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/790/documents Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá (Panamá) (C 790bis) Decision: 34 COM 7B.113 The World Heritage Committee, 1. 2. 3. Having examined Document WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, Recalling Decision 33 COM 7B.141, adopted at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009), Takes note of the Emergency Plan submitted by the State Party and urges it to: a) Establish the buffer zone for Panama Viejo and the Historic District, including the definition of regulatory measures, and submit the information to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for consideration and review, Approve the legislative proposal to enhance the protection and the regulatory measures of the property and to establish one permanent management authority to ensure the adequacy and efficiency of the management arrangements, Define policies for the preservation of the historic area, including criteria for rehabilitation and new developments that could potentially impact the property, Secure the required technical and financial resources to implement actions to address pressing concerns that threaten the Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity of the property;

b)

c)

d)

4.

Requests the State Party to halt the Cinta Costera Project and to submit, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, the necessary technical studies and impact assessments for consideration and review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies prior to approval and implementation; Also requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/Advisory Bodies reactive monitoring mission in 2010 to assess the state of interventions at

5.

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the historic monuments, current management arrangements, planned development projects and the state of conservation of the property; 6. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2011, a report on the above-mentioned issue, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011, with a view to considering, in the absence of substantial progress, the possible inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

2.2 Mission Programme Programme for the WHC/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring Mission to Panama Viejo and the Historic District of Panama, 27 – 31 October 2010 Wednesday 27 October Arrival of the Mission Team to Tucumán Airport. 8.00 PM. Dinner/ Meeting with Mrs. Maruja Herrera, Director General of INAC and staff to coordinate and adjust the working plan - Hotel Bristol Thursday 28 October 28 9:00 AM. Visit to Panama Viejo 10.30 AM -12M. Meeting with: - Ms. María Eugenia Herrera, Director General INAC - Mr. Federico Suárez, Minister of Public Works (MOP) - Mr. Salomon Shaman, Minister of Tourism - Ms. Lucy Molina, Minister of Education - Mr. Darío Cadavid, Director OCA 12:00 - 2:00 p.m. Lunch at Salón La Gaviota Salón La Gaviota, Palacio de las Garzas, Historic District 2PM -3PM. Meeting with His Excellency Ricardo Martinelli, President of Panama. Ms. Nuria Sanz, Ms. Isabel Rigol, Ms. Maria Eugenia Herrera, Mr. Dario Cadavid, Ms. Jania Guardia. Palacio de las Garzas 3:00 PM-4.00PM. Meeting with Mr. Juan Carlos Varela Minister of Foreign Affairs. Ms. Nuria Sanz, Ms. Isabel Rigol, Ms. Maria Eugenia Herrera, Mr. Dario Cadavid, Ms. Jania Guardia, Jaime Zarate. Palacio de las Garzas 4.30 PM- 6.00PM. Meeting with local organizations, residents, civil society and ICOMOS National Committee. Inmobiliaria San Felipe 8.00 PM. Dinner at Mrs. Lilliana Meredith´s Residence in the Historic District

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Friday 29 October 9.00 AM -11.00 AM - Tour by helicopter to Portobelo- San Lorenzo World Heritage Site and the Bay of Panama. Ms. Nuria Sanz, Ms. Isabel Rigol, Ms. Maria Eugenia Herrera and Mr. Raúl Castro 12.00 M-2.00 PM - Lunch at Miraflores Restaurant, Panama Canal. Ms. Nuria Sanz, Ms. Isabel Rigol, Ms. Maria Eugenia Herrera and Mr. Raúl Castro and ICOMOS National Committee. 2.00 PM – 5.00PM. - Reports on the current situation of Panama Viejo/Historic District Sites and Portobelo /San Lorenzo Sites. Mr. Ernesto Boyd, Ms. Julieta Arango, Ms. Judith Jaén, Mr. Darío Cadavid,Mrs. Sandra Cerrud, Mrs. Almyr Alba, Mrs. Isabel Rigol , Mr. Raul Castro, Mr. Jaime Zarate. Meeting Room.National Heritage Directorate. Reina Torres de Arauz Museum .Llanos de Curundú 8.00 PM. Dinner - Manolo Caracol Restaurant Saturday 30 October 10.30 AM - Final Working meeting at INAC for conclusions 12.30 PM- 2.00 PM Lunch 2.00 PM-3. 00 PM - Visit to the Cathedral. 3.00 PM- 4.00 PM. Meeting with Odebrecht Company, Odebrecht Headquarters 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM - Tour of the Historic District 6.00 PM-7.00 PM - Meeting with Mr. Jaime Ford, Vice Minister of Housing (MIVI) 8:00 PM - Dinner. Sunday 31 October Departure 2.2 List of Contacts. LIST OF CONTACTS – 2010 REACTIVE MONITORING MISSION
Meeting ‐ Conjunto Monumental de Panamá Viejo ‐ 28 October 2010  Intitution  Post  Phone   Email  Patronato Panamá  Directora Ejecutiva  226‐1526  jdearango@panamaviejo.org Viejo  Patrimonio  Histórico de  Panamá  Asesora Legal  501‐4711  scerrud@hotmail.com Patronato Panamá  Viejo  flinares@unesa.com Director   305‐5464  Patronato Panamá  Conservación  226‐8915  arroyo@panamaviejo.org Viejo  Preventiva  Patronato Panamá  Director Arquitectura  226‐8915  fdwran@panamaviejo.org Viejo 

Name  Julieta de Arango 

Sandra Cerrud  Francisco Linares  Silvia Arroyo  Félix Durán  

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Mario Lewis 

Fundación Rilemo  Autoridad de  Turismo Panama  Fernando de León  (ATP)  María E. Herrera  Ernesto A. Boyd  Nuria Sanz  Isabel Rigol  Name  Ricardo Espíno  Juan Madrid  Maria Cristina  Otero  Julieta de Arango  Dario M. Cadavid  R.   INAC  Patronato Panamá  Viejo  UNESCO/WHC  ICOMOS 

Director 

322‐2311  6676‐0455  526‐7000  6612‐4992  501‐4929  6615‐3435  269‐6267  6694‐3660  (0033)620.80.17. 40 

mlewis@cwpanama.net

Viceministro  Directora General  Presidente  Directora LAC/WHC 

fdeleon@atp.gob.pa marujaherrera42@hotmail.co m eaboyds@metrobanksa.com n.sanz@unesco.org

Yelitza Norse  Jaing J. Zárate 

Ailene De Icaza 

Judit Jaén 

Rodolfo Suñé  Jania Guardia  Luis Ponce Gif  Almyr M. Alba 

Consultora  537‐2032960  irigol@cubarte.cult.cu Site Managers Meeting ‐ DNPH/INAC ‐ 29 October 2010  Intitution  Post  Phone   Email  Oficina del Casco       respino@cascoantiguo.gob.pa Antiguo (OCA)  Oficina del Casco        jmadrid@cascoantiguo.gob.pa Antiguo (OCA)  Oficina del Casco        Antiguo (OCA)  motero@cascoantiguo.gob.pa Patronato Panamá  Directora Ejecutiva  226‐1526  jdearango@panamaviejo.org Viejo  dcadavid@cascoantiguo.gob.p a  Oficina del Casco  dcadavid@hotmail.com       Antiguo (OCA)  Patronato Panamá  Viejo        SL  ynorse@mitpan.com DNPH‐INAC        izarate@inac.gob.pa Autoridad de  Turismo Panama  (ATP)        adeicaza@atp.gob.pa Patronato  Portobello y San  jjean@portobeloysanlorenzo.       Lorenzo  org Patronato  Portobello y San        Lorenzo  rsuneppsl@gmail.com Oficina del Casco  Antiguo (OCA)  jguardia@cascoantiguo.gob.pa       Oficina del Casco  Antiguo (OCA)  lponce@cascoantiguo.gob.pa       INAC  Coordinator General     aalba2664@gmail.com

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María E. Herrera  Nuria Sanz  Name  Mitsila Espino  Salo Shamah  Federico Suarez 

INAC  UNESCO/WHC 

Directora General  Directora LAC/WHC  Others  Post                                           

501‐4929  6615‐3435  (0033)620.80.17 .40  Phone   667‐18771  6616‐7670  507‐9400  6070‐5761                          2137‐7777    

marujaherrera42@hotmail.co m n.sanz@unesco.org Email  mespino@mop.gob.pa salosha@atp.gob.pa fsuarez@mop.gob.pa ctribal2@empeisen.com alindres@talial.com    izanate@inac.gob.pa info@historicalprojects.com cmock@sanfelipe.com.pa rs@salcedacarballeda.com joel@salzburgdevelopment.co m kc@conservatoriosa.com elda@activentas.com rcastro@inac.gob.pa

Intitution  MOP  ATP  MOP  Inmobiliaria San  César A. Tribaldos  Felipe  Inmobiliaria San  Adolfo Linares  Felipe  Inmobiliaria San     Felipe  Jaime J. Zanate     Iván Mcbowln     Inmobiliaria San  Carlos A. Mock D.  Felipe  Ramiro Salceda  STC  Salzburg  Joel Jelderks  Development  K.C Hardin     Elda Sanson     Raul Castro  INAC 

Annex 3 Photographs

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