FIFTY CENTS

(MODEL 13885-8 SHOWN)

.

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

FORM NO. 770-7545

WARNING TO PURCHASERS OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE EQUIPPED MACHINERY OR DEVICES IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA The equipment which you have just purchased does not have a spark arrester. If this equipment is used on any forest covered land, brush covered land, or grass covered unimproved land in the State of California, before using on such land, the California law requires that a spark arrester be provided. In addition, spark arrester is required by law to be in effective working order. The spark arrester must be attached to the exhaust system and comply with Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code. 2

It is sug~ested that this manual be read in its entirety before attempting manual In a safe place for future reference and for ordering replacement This unit is shipped WITHOUT GASOLINE proper fuel and amount. Your rotary mower is a precision caution at all times. or OIL. After assembly,

to assemble parts.

or operate.

Keep this

see operating

section Therefore

of this manual for exercise extreme

piece of. power equipment,

not a plaything.

SAFE OPERATION

PRACTICES FOR RIDING VEHICLES
16. 17. D. Use counterweight(s) or wheel weights when suggested.in own~r's ma~ual. Watch out for traffic when crossing or near roadways. When using any attachments never direct discharge of material toward bystanders nor allow anyone near vehicle while in operation. Handle gasoline with care-it is highly flammable. .. A. Use approved gasolln~ container. B. Neve! remove cap O! add g~soline to a ~unnlng or. hot enQlne or fll.1 fuel tank Indoors. WIP~ up s~llle? gasoll,ne. C. Open doors If engine IS run In garageexh~us~ fumes are dangerous. Do not run engine Indoors. Keep the vehicle and attachments in good operating condition, and keep safety devices in place. Use guards as instructed in owner's manual. Keep all nut~, bolts~ a,nd screws ti,ght to b,e s,ure the equipment IS In safe working condltlon. Never st~re ,the equi,p~ent with gasoline in the tank Inside a building where fumes may reach an open flame or spark. Allow engine to cool before storing in any enclosure. To reduce fire hazard keep engine free of grass, leaves or excessive grease. The vehicle and attachments should be stopped and inspected for damage after striking a foreign object, and the damage should be repaired before restarting and operating the equipment. Do not change the engine governor settings or overs peed the engine. When using the vehicle with mower, proceed as follows: (1) Mow only in daylight or in good artificial light. (2) Ne~er ma~e ~ cuttin,9 h~ight adjustment while engine IS running If operator must dismount to do so. (3) Shut the engine off and wait until the blade .comes to a complete stop before removing the grass catcher. (4) ~heck blade mounting bolts for proper tightness at frequent intervals. Check g,rass,catcher bags frequently for wear
or dete~loratlon. For only with .n,ew ,bag safety prote.ct.i°n meeting original repla.ce equlp-

1. Know the controls and how to stop quicklyREAD THE OWNER'S MANUAL. 2. Do not allow children to operate vehicle. Do not allow adults to operate it without proper instruction. Only persons well acquainted with these rules of safe operation should be allowed to use your mower. 3. Do not carry passengers. 4. Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particular)y small children and pets. Stop engine when they are in the vicinity of your mower. Although the area of operation should be completely cleared of foreign objects, a small object may have been overlooked and could be accidently thrown by the mower in any direction. 5. Clear work area of objects which might be picked up and thrown by the mower in any direction. 6. Disengage all attachment clutches and shift into neutral before attempting to start engine. 7. Dis~ngage power to attachment(s) and stop engine before leaving operator position. 8. Disengage power to attachment(s) and stop engine before making any repairs or adjustments. Disconnect the spark plug wire and keep the wire away from the plug to prevent accidental starting. 9. Before attempting to unclog the mower or discharge chute, stop the engine and be sure the blade(s) have stopped completely. Disconnect the spark plug wire and keep the wire away from the plug to prevent accidental starting. 10. Disengage power to attachment(s) when transporting or not in use. 11. Take all possible precautions when leaving vehicle unattended such as disengaging power-take-off, lowering attachments, shifting into neutral, setting parking brake, stopping engine and removing key. 12. Do !lot stop or start suddenly when going uphill or downhill. Mow up and down face of steep slopes; never across the face. 13. Reduce speed on slopes and in sharp turns to prevent tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when changing direction on slopes. 14. Stay alert for holes in terrain and other hidden hazards.
15. Use care equipment. when pulling loads or .h using can eavy safely

18.

19.

20.

21.

22. 23.

24. 25.

26.

A.
B.

Use only approved
Limit control. loads to

drawbar
those

hitch points.
27.

ment spe~lflcatlons.
Look behln.d befo~e placing

.

you

to make su!e ,the ,area IS clear the transmission In reverse and

C.

Do not backing.

turn

sharply.

Use

care

when 3

backing

up.

26 21. 23. 2. Controls. Operation of Controls. Illustrated Parts for Transaxle PartsListforTransaxle Electrical Diagram. On the electric starter models. Cutting Tips. For replacement bags. witn the necessary hardware. the battery must be activated and installed as outlined in this section.S. and should be checked periodically. Be sure any replacement bag complies with the mower manufacturer's recommendations. EQUAL TIRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE MAINTAINED ON All TIRES. 27 28 29 30Parts Back Cover GRASS CATCHER available as optional shown in this manual. when seating beads. PRESSURE SHOULD BE APPROXIMATEl Y. Remove wire from spark plug. TIRE PRESSURE FOR SHIPPING PURPOSES. Parts Lists for Rider. Maintenance. 19014-8 is equipment Tor the mowers it CAUTION The mower should not be operated without the entire grass catcher or chute deflector in place. See figure 1 . Information. 20.S. Lubricate tire beads and rim flanges. Adjust to recommended pressure after beads are sealed.S. MAXIMUM TIRE PRESSURE IS 30 +t Installation of tire to rim: 1. A (1) Spring Pin Spiral 1/4" Dia. use only factory authorized replacement bag No. Safe Operation Practices 2 3 Index.I. The steering wheel and seat. TIRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE REDUCED BEFORE UNIT IS PUT INTO OPERATION. 25. 764-0157 _IMPORTANT After striking a foreign object. NOTE Under normal usage bag material is subject to wear.15 P.00" Long B (1) Lockwasher V2" Screw C (1) Hex Nut V2-13 Thread ~l ~ A. List of Contents in Hardware Pack. Lubrication 4 5 5 7 8 9 11 12 Belt Removal. ~ I=I~D (I]J""-F (~~ D. x 1. NOTE Reference to right-hand or left-hand side of machine is from the driver's seat facing forward. B c 1 EB ra @CI:I) ~ a:::I)-4--F~ y a=D 4 ~GI /I FIGURE 1. . Battery Information.I. Before Starting Engine. thoroughly inspect the mower for any damage.22. Model No.24. are easily assembled to the machine.I. 3.Limited Warranty. Do not exceed 30 P. THE TIRES ON YOUR UNIT MAY BE OVER-INFLATED. and repair the damage before restarting and operating the mower. stop the engine. Assembly. 12Adjustment 13 15 Illustrated Parts for Rider. HARDWARE SUPPLIED Ie P.

do not pour into any sink or drain. Neutralize acid spilled on clothing with dilute ammonia water or a water solution of baking soda. Seek medical aid if discomfort continues D. STEERING WHEEL First. SEAT ASSEMBLY NOTE Check ALL nuts and bolts for correct tightness. FIGURE 2.0 E F G (2) (2) (4) (2) Hex Screws 1/4-20 x 5. If adjustment is needed. wash it out immediately with clean cold water. Rinse empty electrolyte containers and mutilate before FIGURE 3. in the steering shaft cover and in the steering shaft. STEERING WHEEL ASSEMBLY SEAT Your molded seat comes with mounting bolt molded in the seat. SEAT ASSEMBLY discarding. unfasten the seat and replace it in a forward or backward hole. then neutralize. (Alignment can be simplified by inserting a punch or small rod through the three holes from the side opposite the spring pin insertion side. You will note there is a hole in the steering wheel hub. sit in the seat and work the foot pedal.. If acid gets on clothes. and a protective apron when working with it. If for any reason acid should be spattered in the eyes. rubber gloves. place the steering shaft cover over the steering shaft. the BATTERY INFORMATION FOR ELECTRIC START MODELS Battery acid must be handled with great care as it will blister tne skin and damage clothing. B. See figure 4. Since battery acid is corrosive to metals. Then position the steering wheel on top of the steering shaft. FIGURE 4. It is advisable to wear goggles.50" Long Lockwashers 1/4" Screw Hex Nuts 1/4-20 Thread Hex Sems Screws 1/4-20 x . 5 A. To check for the best seat position. 2. See figure 3. Align these three holes and secure the three parts by driving a spring pin (A) through the three aligned holes. dilute it with clean water first.) See figure Place seat on spring and secure with lockwasher (8) and hex nut (C). . C.62" Long The seat spring has three holes to provide a forward or backward adjustment of the seat.

225 before returning to service or every two months. 3. 2. . BATTERIES CONTAIN SULFURIC ACID AND MAY CONTAIN EXPLOSIVE GASES (when electrolyte has been added)A. NEVER activate battery in unit. Allow battery to set for 20 minutes to V2 hour.' DANGER * -. Always shield eyes. 5. Battery can be SLOW CHARGED (DO NOT FAST CHARGE) at a maximum bench rate of 4-5 amperes until the specific gravity reading is 1.275. NEVER store discharged battery as it will not recover. STORAGE 1. E. MAINTENANCE 1. Ventilate when charging during charging or using in enclosed space. If electrolyte bubbles violently while charging. whichever comes first. Fill each cell carefully using battery grade 1. When using a charger-to avoid sparks. NEVER add additional acid or other chemicals to battery after initial activation. D. DO NOT ADD ACID. The battery should be checked with a hydrometer after every 25 hours of operation. D. Any deposits of acid should be neutralized with soda and water. ACTIVATING BATTERY THE 4.250-1. Keep sparks. 4. Battery electrolyte substitutes 7. dry place. 3. See figure 5. Freezing of electrolyte 1.~. TO INSTALL BATTERY To install the battery in this unit. Remove the access panel on rear of rider. Hydrogen gas is generated and discharging. refer to page 7.265-1. Add only distilled water or good quality drinking water. 2. 3. The battery can now be charged after the 20 minutes setting period. Excessive loads 6. cigarettes away. ~ CAUTION After battery has been in service. B. Store in cold. add only approved water. Sulfuric acid to be 3/8" above the top of the separators or to split ring. flame. Charge battery using normal methods. 2. NEVER connect or disconnect charger clips to battery while charger is turned on. Be careful not to get this solution in the cells. 2. The battery should be kept clean.265 specific gravity. B. If the specific gravity is less than 1. A charging rate in excess of this will buckle and warp the positive plates and perforate the separators. then continue charging until specific gravity is COMMON CAUSES FOR BATTERY FAILURE ARE: Overcharging Undercharging Lack of water Loose hold downs and I or corroded nections 5. NOTE THESE FAILURES DO NOT CONSTITUTE WARRANTY. Remove vent caps from all cells. protect skin and clothing when working near batteries.C. 1. Place battery to be filled on bench or workbench. reduce charging rate until excessive bubbling action subsides. C. Coat the terminals and exposed wiring with a thin coat of grease or petroleum jelly for longer service and protection against electrolyte corrosion. 6 1. con- reached.t. Replace the vent caps. 3.225 remove battery and recharge. Recharge battery whenever the specific gravity is less than 1. Check periodically (every two weeks or before and after charging) to be sure electrolyte level is 9/16" above separator plates. E. Add additional acid if necessary to bring it up to the proper level. 4.

Place the battery hold down over battery and secure in place with hex screws (0) 5V2 inches long. Pourslowly. See figure 7. 4. To prevent corrosion of the terminals. See figure 8. Replace battery access panel. See figure 8. use SAE 30. to the negative battery terminal with hex sems screw (G) and hex nut (F). 5. Battery cable connections must be kept tight on the terminals to provide a good contact. See figure 6. FIGURE 5. Attach the positive cable (right hand side of rider) to the positive battery terminal with hex sems screw (G) and hex nut (F). FIGURE 8. SAE 10W-30 or SAE 10W-40. PUT OIL IN CRANKCASE See figure 9. 7 FIGURE7. detergent oil classified "For service SC.3. FIGURE 6. . Sump capacity is 3 pints. lockwashers (E). Remove the oil fill plug and fill the sump to overflowing. Use a high quality. a light coat of petroleum jelly should be applied. grounded. For temperatures under 40°F. see the engine manual or consult a certified service center for proper engine treatment. and hex nuts (F). For use in temperatures above 40°F. SO. REMOVE BATTERY ACCESS PANEL 2. 6. use SAE 5W-20 or SAE 5W-30. Place the tractor on a level surface. Attach the negative cable. Place battery in battery case with the terminals to the front of unit. For temperatures under OaF. Negative (-) terminal will be on the left hand side of rider. SE or MS". Nothing should be added to the recommended oil.

b. to start the engine. FIGURE 11. Use clean. MIX WITH OIL.CHUTE DEFLECTOR To reduce the rider's shipping size. The lights will only operate when the engine is running. See figure 11. Push the light switch up to turn on the lights. CONTROLS FIGURE 9. Ignition Switch. Turn the key to the START position. The gear shift lever is used to shift into one of three Forward Gears. * . ~CAUTION NEVER operate the cutting unit with the deflector in the storage position. turn the key to the left to the OFF position and remove it to prevent accidental starting. one gallon. Capacity is approx. NEVER smoke near gasoline. e. See figure 11 . Clutch-Brake Pedal. It is highly explosive and fumes ignite easily. the chute deflector on the mowing deck is placed in the "UP" position. FILL FUEL TANK (See figure 10. Use a disposable rag or tissue and DO NOT SAVE. See figure11.) Fill the fuel tank completely. The clutch-brake pedal is located on the right hand side of the rider and is operated by depressing it with your right foot. lead-free or leaded regular grade automotive gasoline. Be sure the gasoline is clean. NEUTRAL or REVERSE. d. The deflector can be returned to its "UP" position to minimize storage space. DO NOT container The controls may be considered as the Drive Control and the Cutting Control as follows: a. To stop the engine. DANGER ~ ' Never add gasoline to a hot engine. FRESH. See figure 11. c. 8 FIGURE 10. The ignition switch is located on the right side of the dashboard. Do not use gasoline that has been stored for a long period. The engine should be operated from 3/4 to full throttle when operating the cutting deck. Before you start the engine (at anytime) lower the deflector to its operating position. let the key return to the ON position. See figure 12. Gear Shift Lever. Handle gasoline with extreme cau-tion. When the engine is running. Light Switch. Always wipe up any spillpromptly. The throttle control is used to regulate the engine speed and choke the engine. Throttle Control.

position. foot is an NOTE It is recommended that you be on the rider seat when you start the engine. When the engine starts. If the shift lever wjll not move to the Reverse position or to the first Forward position Trom Neutral. NOTE FIGURE 12. To STOP the engine. OPERATION CONTROLS TO START ENGINE OF THIS RIDER IS EQUIPPED WITH A SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM WHICH PREVENTS THE ENGINE FROM STARTING UNLESS ALL THE CONDITIONS BELOW ARE MET: a. Move the throttle controillever to Choke and turn the ignition key to the START position. release the foot pedal slightly until the meshing gears can be felt. Never attempt to shift with the foot pedal fully depressed. This added safety precaution. you can operate the foot pedal and handle all the controls. release the foot pedal slightly until the meshing gears can be felt. The pedal will stay depressed. It is recommended that the clutch/brake pedal be fully depressed (and locked). FIGURE 13. position the shift lever and lift disengagement lever as directed in a and b (above). Never shift or change speed on a hillside. The engine will not start unless the lift and disengagement lever is in the disengaged position. Depress the foot pedal. Continuous cranking of the starter motor for periods of more than 10 seconds should be avoided. Lift and Disengagement Lever. See fig ure 13. turn the ignition key to OFF ~ CAUTION Never lever the rider seat without stopping the engine. Hold the key in that position until the engine starts. It is used to raise the cutting deck.f. lever must be in the 9 . Then move the shift lever to Reverse or Forward speed. To start the engine. g. Brake Lock. The lift disengagement OFF position. If the shift lever will not move to the desired position. the foot pedal must first be depressed half-way. In this position. TO SHIFT To shift from Neutral to a Forward speed or Reverse with the engine running. Then move the shift lever to the desired position. Such stubborn starting signals that the controls are not set as described above or that the engine needs adjustment or service. depress the pedal. b. The shift lever must be in the Neutral position. This permits the gears to become aligned. Then move the shift lever to the desired position and slowly release the foot pedal to engage the drive belt. depress the brake pedal and lift up the lock lever. move the throttle control lever to slow speed until the engine warms up. The brake lock is located on the right hand side of the mower. See figure 12. This permits the gears to become aligned. Pulling it all the way back and locking it disengages the blades. To release. To lock the brake.

Gradually reduce tne cutting height over several passes. 5. A common error is to let grass grow longer in hot weather to protect it from the sun and heat. 8. hot or not. When The shift lever should be used to control ground long grass is finally cut. check the fuel tank summer. release the foot pedal to the half-way position. If mowing is done before the OFF position and allowed to move forward by roots have had a chance to grow. Never use old gasoline in the engine. a leaky head gasket. Be sure the air filter is kept in good condition. Dirty plugs should NOT be cleaned. Also.and the tender bottom growth wi II not be to full speed for best cutting quality. A fast release will jerk the rider and should be avoided.To shift into Reverse or Forward when the rider is moving in the opposite direction. If the engine won't start. check the spark plug and plug wire. Frequent cutting promotes new throttle to SLOW. drive belt. right up to the time growth stops in the late Fall. For fast blade rotation. To engage the power to the cutting blades. sticky valves. the root system itself. able to battle the weather and will lose quality. Move the shift lever to Neutral. TOENGAGE CUTTING BLADES IMPORTANT Keep the underside of the mower deck clean and keep the blades sharp for good quality cutting. In addition to bringing on problems with gum: and varnish. Also a dirty air filter will reduce the engine's operating efficiency and can cause hard starting. Do not idle the engine at too slow a speed for extended periods. Any dust which gets past the filter can damage the engine. MOWING SUGGESTIONS Mowing of lawns should be done frequently. 7. This grass speed. This is normal and to be expected. 10 . move the deep green color. move the shift lever to the desired position and slowly release the foot pedal. . Oil will not circulate properJy and excessive wear can result. Don't put the engine under full power as soon as It starts. An first mowing should not be done until new growth engagement spring in the mower assembly is at least two inches. on a systematic basis. the under part of lower portion of the engine pulley via the mower the grass. A new rider may jerk when power is engaged until the belt is fully seated in the pulley groove. applies proper pressure to the drive beltautomatically. .also the engine can overheat. Engine speed directly determines blade will be exposed and possibly damaged. 4. Fast APM before the engine warms up can cause excessive engine wear. as will its ability to withstand the drive belt across the mower deck pulleys and the demands of a tough summer. fully depress the foot pedal to stop the tractor and to disengage the drive belt. the cooling fins may be clogged. They should be replaced. For slow rotation. 2. Be sure the holes in the gas cap are open and will allow air to enter the gas tank. the problem can be loose engine bolts. old gas makes for hard starting. won't develop fully and the quality of the glass The forward movement of the lever tightens the will suffer.. Dull blades will bruise and tear the grass and cause a yellowing appearance. 6. 3. etc. DO NOT FORCE THE LEVER FORWARD. If the engine misses. place the cutting unit in the highest cut position and the rider in the slowest ground speed. which has been protected from the sun. If grass is allowed to grow The cutting blades are powered directly off the excessively tall before cutting. move the engine then tends to become coarse and often loses its throttle to FAST. The cl utch I brake foot pedal gives you positive control in tight places and when you want to slow down momentarily through a difficult area without moving the throttle control or down shifting. If the engine continues to misfire with a new plug. With this grass the engine pulley and thus powers the blades. ENGINE TIPS Twice a week cutting is best throughout the 1. For these conditions it is suggested a certified service center be contacted for advice. a too-lean fuel mixture can cause overheating. the lift The root system of Kentucky Bluegrass renews disengagement lever should be moved out of the itself every Spring. If the engine overheats. more finely textured blade growth. it will be brown or speeds and the throttle lever should be kept at 3/4 gray. to make sure it is full and check the spark plug for spark When cutting tall heavy grass or on rough ground. ~ CAUTION A slow foot pedal release will give you a smooth engagement of power..

the cause can be dull cutting blades. FIGURE 14. 2. Using this pattern. it is recommended that the clipping be raked off the lawn. You can take advantage ofthis as follows:a. mower can scrape or cut into the tree bark. heavy grass. gradually reducing grass height. --i 8. This will make the grass stand up for a better cut. or cutting was done at too slow a blade speed. If the clippings are heavy and if the grass is also heavy. . C~iss:Cr~ss - Where grass has been trampled. 6. 5. causing an injurious explosion. ~ CAUTION Always check the gasoline supply BEFORE you start to use the tractor to be sure you have enough gasoline in the tank to do the entirejob. See figure If grass develops a brown look after cutting. For blade replacement use only the authorized original blade. This will allow you to use the mower while one set is being sharpened. In such situations it is best to mow in a counterclockwise direction so clippings will not be re-cut. that in subsequent passes a poor quality of cut can result because the mower will have to cut BOTH grass and the clippings which have been thrown toward the center of the lawn.. 3. causing damage. 1 . If you are not going to remove grass clippings. FIGURE 15. Keep in mind. overlap each pass to avoid missed spots. don't try to cut to the desired height in one pass. If a refill is necessary let the engine cool before pouring gasoline in the tank. however.4. weed killer. etc. start mowing at one side of your lawn and proceed around the lawn in a clockwise pattern. Wet grass clippings are likely to cling to the underside of the mowing deck housing. see the parts list for the correct part number. When cutting tall. With the rear discharge mowing deck you have freedom of choise between the three patterns shown here. If you are going to remove clippings after you mow. 7. It is better to adopt a policy of cutting reasonably close to such objects and clipping close with hand clippers. it is a good idea to rake such areas before mowing. However. b. Keep the blades sharp and the engine at 3/4to full throttle.MOWING PATTERNSThe side discharge mowing deck will throw grass clippings to the right. Mow before you water the lawn. a mowing pattern is of no concern. Maintain high engine speed at all times for fast blade rotation and select ground speed suitable for ground conditions with the sh ift lever. See figure 15. Cut the lawn before spreading fertilizer. 16. you should criss-cross or generously overlap each pass to avoid missed spots. Always have the blades sharpened by a qualified service Genter with proper balancing equipment. the combined load may cause the mowing deck to clog. 11 9. It is a good idea to have an extra set of blades on hand. When cutting deep grass. See figure 14... th~ discharge chute will distribute clippings to a center spot for easier pick-up and removal. Otherwise the blade action will suck up the material you have spread and discharge it through the chute along with the grass clippings. If you try to cut too close to small trees the FIGURE16. A hot engine can ignite gasoline. Set the blades higher than the final height and make several passes. However.or removed with a Trail Sweep or Vac-Sweep.

Remove two screws and air cleaner assembly. Your new rider will give excellent service for many years if given reasonable care and maintenance. Refer to figure 18. with screw. Wash foam element in kerosene or liquid detergent and water to remove dirt. Step C. Keep the underside of the mower deck clean. 1. Remove body.4. Wrap foam in cloth and squeeze dry. Change oil every 25 hours of operation. AIR CLEANER Keep the engine's air cooling fins clean. must be serviced after every ten hours of use. When assembling the air certain the lip of the foam over edge of the air cleaner element will form a protective Step A.. at least every 5 hours of operation. located on top of the carburetor. make element extends body. oil. . lift off complete from foam and spacers element from air cleaner Step D. Assemble parts.After every 5 hours of operation.. more frequently if operated under dusty conditions. Check the oil level in the crankcase frequently. For the proper grade and weight of oil to use. Change between the first 2-5 hours of operation. the air cleaner. Under extremely dusty operating conditions the air cleaner must be serviced after every hour of operation. On new engines. as follows: 1. 12 3. The foam seal. 3. Step B. (A) (B) (C) (0) (E) (F) (G) (H) (I) Oil the pedal pivot point Oil all connecting rod points Oil all pivot points (rider & mower) Oil the mower control lever Oil the throttle control cable Oil the mower deck wheels Transmission (See maintenance section) Engine crankcase (See maintenance section) Grease the steering gear (Caution: Keep grease off belts) See figure 17. 2. Remove element. page 8. 4. 2. When checking oil level be sure the area around the oil fill cap is cleaned of all debris before it is removed. it is important that the oil be changed after the first few hours of operation. fasten to carburetor FIGURE 17. lubricate the points listed below with SAE 20 engine oil (unless otherwise noted). see BEFORE STARTING ENGINE. BE SURE that blades are securely fastened and are kept sharp. AIR CLEANER Under normal operating conditions. Otherwise debris can fall into the crankcase and cause damage. FIGURE 18. Saturate foam in SAE 30 engine then squeeze out excess oil. screen foam cleaner.

Check for a damaged blade. BLADE REMOVAL ADJUSTMENTS The spark plug gap should be cleaned and reset to a 0. cotter pins. IN ADDITION THE WHEEL SHOULD BE BLOCKED TO PRE- VENT ACCIDENTAL MOVEMENT. Should excessive vibration develop. 7. etc. 6. WITH THE SHIFT LEVER IN NEUTRAL AND THE BLADE CONTROL LEVER IN THE OFF POSIION. & CAUTION Brakes should be kept in good operating condition to avoid possible injury or damage to the operator or tractor. Transmission oil should be changed every 50 hours of operation or once each season. Automotive steering principals have been used to determine the caster and camber on the tractor. an obstruction. check for the cause immediately. The blade is removed by removing these bolts and nuts and pulling the blade away from the adapter. 8. DO NOT operate the rider again until the cause is found and corrected. LEAST 1 " AWAY FROM THE SPARK AND SECURED AT PLUG. safe operation of your nuts and bolts must be periodically for correct FIGURE 19. to be sure all are tight and secure properly. Each blade is secured to the blade mount adapter plate wtih two bolts. fill to that level with SAE 90 extra heavy duty transmission oil. 13 ) (:~~~~~~j Before beginning work on the cutterblade. ~ CAUTION ~ NOTE MAKE ALL ADJUSTMENTS (REGARDLESS OF HOW MINOR) WITH THE IGNITION KEY IN THE OFF POSITION.5. Check the oil level every 25 hours by removing the oil fill plug. Do not re-use worn or stri pped fasteners. Tighten the retaining boltssecurely. See figure 20. etc. The transaxle transmission is pre-lubricated at the factory. bolts. When replacing the blades be sure the blade offset and the sharp edges are positioned as shown at the right. The disc brake pads wear and may require replaci ng occasionally. NOTE To insure unit. Spark pi ug replacement is recommended at the start of each mowing season.030-inch clearance once a season (see figure19). ALL checked tightness. The front wheels should toe-in 1/8 inch. Removing and Sharpening Blades. SPARK PLUG FIGURE 20. it is advisable to replace the spark plug gasket with a new gasket. remove the spark plug fromthe cylinder. damaged bearing shaft. . frayed belt. Th is replacement is best done by a qualified service dealer. nuts and lockwashers. Each time you use the rider be sure you check the condition of the nuts. WITH THE IGNITION WIRE REMOVED Whenever the spark plug is removed for cleaning. SPARK PLUG CLEARANCE REPLACING BLADE WHEEL ADJUSTMENT The caster (forward slant of the king pin) and the camber (tilt of the wheels out at the top) requires no adjustment. If the oil is below the level of the plug opening.

) Reassmble tie rod. 2.A. Tighten the cable clamp screw. C. Tighten casing clamp screw B. CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT To Adjust: Place control lever on equipment in FAST (high speed) position. 2. 1. 3. unscrew tie rod from tie rod end. Readjust if necessary. Move the throttle control lever located control panel to the FAST position. Loosen control casing clamp screw B. 14 ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL See figure 25.) The carburetor choke should be closed. ADJUSTING CARBURETOR CHOKE Proper choke adjustment is dependent upon proper adjustment of remote controls on the powered equipment. To Check Operation of Choke-A-Matic Contro.3. See figure 22. on the 1. Loosen Adjust the hex jam nut on tie rod. Loosen the cable clamp screw holding the throttle control cable to the engine bracket. Move control casing A and wire until lever 0 touches choke operating link at C.) To decrease Dimension "B". TIE ROD ADJUSTMENT FIGURE 23. See figure 24.s: Move control lever to CHOKE position. Remove the elastic locknut and drop the tie rod end from the wheel bracket. TOE-IN DIAGRAM Dimension "B" should be approximately 1/8" less than Dimension "A". NOTE The air cleaner can be removed check the operation of the choke. 4. . to FIGURE 21. Operate the throttle control lever several times to check movement of the throttle to full Choke and FAST positions. Move the cable and wire until the throttle lever is in contact with the Choke lever. See figure 21. B. screw tie rod into tie rod end. the tie rod assembly for correct toe-in.To adjust the toe-in follow these steps. (See figure 11. FIGURE 22. Check dimensions.) To increase Dimension "B".

FIGURE 26. 15 FIGURE28. NOTE Make sure the mower lever is in theengaged position (forward) when installing the cutting unit. Remove the haripin cotter and pullout the hitch pin. REPLACE MOWER BELT See figure 29. Release the tension on the idler arm and pulley and lift the worn belt from the blade pulleys. unit from the rider as 2. 4.FIGURE25. Slip the mower drive belt off the bottom rim of the engine drive pulley and out of the mower drive idler and belt restrictor. Reverse these steps to re-i nstall the cutti ng unit. Move the mower lever out of the OFF Position and release it to enable removal of the belt from between the blade brake mechanism. Refer to the belt diagram decal on the mower deck for correct drive installation. Move the mower lever back into the OFF position. . 3. Lower the cutting unit to the lowest height of cut. See figure 26. Remove the cutting described above. 6. Positionthe drive belt between the blade brake mechanism before moving the lever to the OFF position. 1. 5. REMOVE CUTTING UNIT 1. See figures 27 and 28.2. Push the front of the rider by the lift bar and roll the front wheels back over the top ot the cutting unit for removal. Lift the front end of the cutting unit by the mower lift handle and move back slightly to disconnect the mower hitch rod from the hitch bracket and lower the cutting unit. FIGURE27.

Additional adjustment can be obtained by movement of idler pulley #2 after idler pulley #1 has been moved the full length of the adjustment slot.~~:::. relocate the belt The belt must release when disengaged. move idler pulley about 1/8". 4. restrictor in the positioning slot. Refer to the belt diagram decal on the mower deck for correct belt installation. 5. 3. To adjust.1 This Idler Pulley Assembles to Idler Arm .Pull the worn belt (from the rear) to the double pulley pulley. high strength construction. However. To check the belttension. To obtain additional adjustment. 16 &-' Blade 6. Engine PUlley---~~~~ Brake Ass'y. When the idler raise mower height of cut to the highestposition.y Repeat the adjustment if more belt take-up is needed. Be sure the idler pulley is on the outside of the belt. pulley #2 towards the outside. move the idler pulley towards the engine .:=~-=:~""'~ : FIGURE30. assembly and lift the belt over the Reverse the procedure in replacing the new belt. after 5-10 hours of operation. This belt is of a special.2 and Belt Restrictor Idler Pulley No.} ~ \' . Be sure only an authorized replacement. Idler Pulley No. J // ~\. a slight adjustment may be required. part number belt is used in the for the belt. Refer to the parts list of the correct replacement FIGURE29. . . pulley has been tightened.

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