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2010 Trial Examination

**FORM VI MATHEMATICS EXTENSION 1
**

Wednesday 11th August 2010

General Instructions • Reading time — 5 minutes • Writing time — 2 hours • Write using black or blue pen. • Board-approved calculators may be used. • A list of standard integrals is provided at the end of the examination paper. • All necessary working should be shown in every question. • Start each question in a new booklet. Structure of the paper • Total marks — 84 • All seven questions may be attempted. • All seven questions are of equal value.

Collection • Write your candidate number clearly on each booklet. • Hand in the seven questions in a single well-ordered pile. • Hand in a booklet for each question, even if it has not been attempted. • If you use a second booklet for a question, place it inside the ﬁrst. • Place the question paper inside your answer booklet for Question One.

Checklist • SGS booklets — 7 per boy • Candidature — 132 boys Examiner SJE

. . . . . 4) to (5. x x2 + 2 x 15 1 (g) Find the term independent of x in the expansion of . the acute angle between the lines x − 3y + 4 = 0 and 2x + y − 1 = 0. . (iii) State the period and the amplitude of the motion. 2 − 3 and −3. (b) Diﬀerentiate y = sin(loge x). . 4 2 (ii) Find the gradient of the tangent to the curve at the point where x = (c) A particle is undergoing simple harmonic motion subject to the equation Initially it is at rest at x = 2. . . Find the value of k. 3 2 1 . (i) Sketch the curve. 1 1 2 (d) Find the coordinates of the point that divides the interval from (−3. . 4 + x2 2 (f) Find lim x→0 sin x cos x . d2 x = −6x. (i) In which direction will it start to move? (ii) Show that v 2 = 6(4 − x2 ). . (c) Find. . . c and d. . Page 2 QUESTION ONE (12 marks) Use a separate writing booklet. correct to the nearest degree. . −2) in the ratio 1 : 3. . . Marks (a) The polynomial P (x) = x4 − x3 + kx − 4 has a factor (x + 1). . 2 2 (e) Find the exact value of 0 4 dx. . dt2 1 2 2 Exam continues next page . (b) Consider the curve f (x) = sin−1 (2x). . . . . . . √ √ 3. . Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . 3 QUESTION TWO (12 marks) Use a separate writing booklet. . Use the sum Marks (a) The equation x3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 has roots 2 + and the product of the roots to ﬁnd b.SGS Trial 2010 . . .

(a) Marks P a b D Q A x B h C A square pyramid has altitude P Q of length h and base ABCD of side length x. 1 1 1 . (iv) Hence. Assume that it is a right pyramid. x−2 2x − 1 . . . . 3 2 (ii) Hence. . . (iii) Sketch f −1 (x) showing the asymptotes and any x or y intercepts. x (i) Show that AQ = √ . . . . x−1 1 2 1 1 (ii) Find the vertical and horizontal asymptotes of f −1 (x). x(x − 1)4 dx. x−1 QUESTION FOUR (12 marks) Use a separate writing booklet. Page 3 QUESTION THREE (12 marks) Use a separate writing booklet. . Exam continues overleaf . 2 (ii) Hence express x in terms of h and β. for 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π. solve 2x − 1 ≥ 1. or otherwise. . so that Q lies in the centre of the base. . 2 Marks (a) Use the substitution u = x − 1 to ﬁnd √ (b) (i) Express cos θ − 2 3 sin θ in the form R cos(θ + α). solve cos θ − (c) Consider the function f (x) = (i) Show that f −1 (x) = x−1 . Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . as shown above. . . . . √ (iii) Show that 2 tan α = tan β. . . . where R > 0 and 0 < α < √ 3 sin θ = 1. . . . Each face makes an angle α with P Q and each edge makes an angle β with P Q.SGS Trial 2010 . or otherwise. . . . . . . π . .

. Page 4 QUESTION FOUR (Continued) (b) Solve for x and y: log3 x + log3 y = 6 log2 x − log2 y = 4 (c) (i) Write cos2 x in terms of cos 2x. . . . (d) X P q Y C A D B Z In the diagram above. . . . It has been reproduced for you on a tear-oﬀ sheet at the end of this paper. .SGS Trial 2010 . . . Note: You do not have to copy the diagram above. . Exam continues next page . . . (ii) Hence evaluate 0 π 3 3 1 2 3 sin 2x cos2 x dx. An isosceles triangle XY Z is constructed with XZ = Y Z. Insert this sheet into your answer booklet. . . . Let XY Z be θ. Suppose that XZ cuts the smaller circle at A and Y Z cuts the larger circle at B. . . . . . . . Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . . . . two circles intersect and P is one of the points of intersection. . . Suppose also that the line AB cuts the circles at C and D. Prove that CP D is isosceles. A straight line is drawn through P cutting the two circles at X and Y . .

. . (i) Find the equations of the tangents at P and Q. Let t be the number of hours after midnight. to the nearest minute. Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . The scientist measured the temperature of the corpse one hour later and it had fallen to 26◦ C. . . . (b) By substituting a suitable value for x in the expansion of (1 + x)n . . . . .SGS Trial 2010 . . . . + 2n−1 1 2 n n−1 = 3n − 2n . . dt 1 2 2 Exam continues overleaf . . . . . . show that 1+2 n n +4 + . . . . 2 2 1 2 (c) A forensic scientist is called upon to determine the time of death of a corpse found in a room which is maintained at a constant temperature of 20◦ C. . (i) Show that T = 20 + 9e−kt satisﬁes the cooling equation (ii) Show that k = ln 3 . 2 (iii) Hence estimate the time of death. dT = −k(T − 20). Marks (a) Consider the two points P (4t. Page 5 QUESTION FIVE (12 marks) Use a separate writing booklet. . The temperature T of the corpse was initially measured at midnight to be 29◦ C. . The tangents at P and Q intersect at R. (iii) Hence ﬁnd the locus of R. (ii) Find the coordinates of R. . 2t2 ) and Q(8t. 8t2 ) on the parabola x2 = 8y. . . Assume that the temperature of the body at the time of death was 36·8◦ C and that the rate of temperature decrease obeys Newton’s law of cooling. . . . .

. You may assume that the velocity and displacement equations are: x = V cos 30◦ ˙ x = V t cos 30◦ y = −10t + V sin 30◦ ˙ y = −5t2 + V t sin 30◦ 3 (i) Show that the Cartesian equation of the stuntman’s path is y=− x 20x2 +√ . The centre of the scaﬀolding is 5 m below his initial position and at a horizontal distance of 14 m. 2! 3! 4! (n + 1)! (n + 1)! (b) A ﬁlm director must decide whether a stuntman is able to perform a dangerous stunt. (iii) Safety requirements are such that if the impact velocity is greater than 15 m/s. 2 3 n 1 1 + + + . . Marks (a) Prove by mathematical induction that for all positive integer values of n. . . . . . . . . . and let x and y be his horizontal and vertical displacements respectively from his initial position. then padding must be placed on the scaﬀolding. Let the stuntman’s initial velocity be V .. . . 2 3V 3 2 (ii) Hence determine the required initial velocity V so that he lands in the centre of the scaﬀolding. determine whether or not padding is needed. . The stuntman jumps at an angle of 30◦ above the horizontal. . Write your answer to the nearest m/s. Page 6 QUESTION SIX (12 marks) Use a separate writing booklet. . . Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . . 2 2 Exam continues next page . . The stuntman must leap from a building onto the centre of some erected scaﬀolding. . . . . . . . + =1− . .. .SGS Trial 2010 . . Assuming that the stuntman leaps at the required speed.

. . P3 . ∞ 2 1 (ii) Hence prove that r=1 dr = x cot θ . . Page 7 QUESTION SIX (Continued) (c) Y P1 P3 P5 d4 d3 d2 d1 O q x P4 P2 P0 X The diagram above shows two straight lines OX and OY . . . for r = 1. . . P1 is the foot of the perpendicular from P0 to OY . . . 3. . and so on. . Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . . . 2. P5 . P2 . . (i) Show that the lengths d1 . . . . . . lie on OX. . . . d2 . . . form a geometric series. . . . where 0◦ < θ < 90◦ . The points P0 . Let XOY = θ.SGS Trial 2010 . . . 2 Exam continues overleaf . P2 is the foot of the perpendicular from P1 to OX. . . let OP0 = x. . and let the length of the line joining Pr−1 to Pr be denoted by dr . . . . while the points P1 . . P4 . . . . .. P3 is the foot of the perpendicular from P2 to OY . lie on OY . d3 . .

. . Page 8 QUESTION SEVEN (a) (12 marks) Use a separate writing booklet. Round your answer to two decimal places. (b) 1 3 2 y . (i) Show that AP = 2r cos θ. .SGS Trial 2010 . . (iv) Find an expression for the velocity of the pin P in terms of θ. Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . . (i) Show that α = sin−1 sin θ . In each part below you need only address the case where A is in the ﬁrst quadrant. . . . radius r and diameter AB. (iii) Taking θ = 1 as a ﬁrst approximation to the value of θ that maximises the arc P Q. . use one application of Newton’s method to ﬁnd a better approximation. . . END OF EXAMINATION .0) . (ii) Prove that as θ varies. . . . 3 dα = dt 12π cos θ 9 − sin2 θ radians per second. . x The diagram above shows a rotating wheel with radius 40 cm and a connecting rod AP with length 120 cm. r Q B The diagram above shows a semi-circle with centre O. . 1 1 2 2 (ii) Use the chain rule to show that (iii) Show that x = 40 cos θ + 9 − sin2 θ . . . the arc P Q will have maximum length when θ sin θ = cos θ. Marks P A q O . Let P AQ = θ. . Let P be a point on arc AB. . . . The pin P slides back and forth along the x-axis as the wheel rotates anticlockwise at a rate of 6 revolutions per second. . The arc P Q has centre A and Q lies on AB.A q a P(x. . . O . .

Page 9 BLANK PAGE . . . . . . . . . . . .SGS Trial 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . .

Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . a = 0 a 1 cos ax. . x = 0. . . . . a=0 a 1 sin ax. . a = 0 2 +x a a 1 x dx = sin−1 . . a = 0 a a2 √ √ √ 1 1 x dx = tan−1 . n = −1. . . . x > a > 0 x2 + a2 1 dx = ln x + x2 + a2 NOTE : ln x = loge x. .SGS Trial 2010 . . . . . x > 0 . . −a < x < a a a2 − x2 x2 1 dx = ln x + − a2 x2 − a2 . . . . . a > 0. a = 0 a 1 sec ax. . Page 10 The following list of standard integrals may be used: 1 xn+1 . . x > 0 x eax dx = cos ax dx = 1 ax e . a = 0 a sin ax dx = − sec2 ax dx = sec ax tan ax dx = 1 tan ax. if n < 0 n+1 xn dx = 1 dx = ln x. . .

. . . . . . . .SGS Trial 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form VI Mathematics Extension 1 . . . . . . . . . QUESTION FOUR X P q Y C A D B Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 11 Candidate number: . . . . Detach this sheet and bundle it with the rest of question four. . . . . . . . . . . .

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