FIK 3042 ENGLISH FOR COMMUNICATION 2

EDITORS AINON OMAR AHMAD ZAINURI LOAP AHMAD AZIZAH ATAN LEELA CHAKRABARTY

Writers: Ainon Omar Ahmad Zainuri Loap Ahmad Farah Natchiar Mohd Khaja Goh Hock Seng Leela Chakrabarty Mariyatunnitha Shari Mohammad Sidik Ariffin Napisah Kepol Nor Azmi Mostafa Nor Hashimah Isa Azizah Atan Seva Bala Sundaram Abdul Ghani Abu Che Ton Mahmud Hasimah Ja‟afar Maizatulliza Muhammad Raja Nor Safinas Raja Harun Intan Safinas Mohd Ariff Al-Bakri Abdul Halim Ibrahim Fairus Ahmad Daud

CONTENT Unit 1. Topics Human Interest Listening Speaking Reading Language Focus Writing Self Assessment Journey to the Future Listening Speaking Reading Language Focus Writing Self Assessment Tech Savvy Speaking Listening Reading Language Focus Paraphrasing Self Assessment A Way of Life Speaking Listening Reading Writing Language Focus Job Satisfaction Listening Speaking Reading Language Focus Writing Self Assessment Page 1 1 2 3 11 19 26 37 38 39 50 54 59 62 67 67 74 80 84 89 95 113 113 117 121 127 128 150 150 153 155 160 163 168

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COURSE GUIDE

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INTRODUCTION
The course guide is to assist students to understand the course content and assessment. Students are advised to read this section carefully and take note of the course requirements so that they can complete the course successfully. The course FIK3042 English for Communication 2 will cover 5 units in this book which are thematic and authentic, catering for students from both science and arts streams. Specific Language skills such as listening, speaking, reading and writing are covered in each unit. While these language skills are presented under separate sections, they are integrated throughout the module. Furthermore, grammatical aspects are peppered throughout to reinforce the students‘ general grasp of the language. The listening components for the respective units are designed to cater to the while and post-listening activities. The speaking section allows students to interact in pairs and groups. In addition, these speaking tasks encourage creativity and freedom amongst students to express their views. The reading texts that appear in each unit are interesting and varied, covering various pertinent current issues. The culmination of these skills prepares the students for the writing section. It is a 2 credit hour course.

TARGET AUDIENCE
This course is offered to all students undergoing the Bachelor of Education Program at UPSI. However, this module has been specially designed for students pursuing the Distant Education Program.

STUDENT LEARNING TIME
According to UPSI‘s and MQA Standards, every credit requires that students allocate 40 hours of learning time. Therefore, for this course students are required to spend 80 hours of learning time. The estimated learning time for the course FIK3042 is presented in Table 1.

COURSE GUIDE

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Table 1 Estimated learning time for the course FIK3042 Learning Activity Learning Time Face-to-Face Reading the Module, revision and completing assignments Tutorial at centres On-lineTutorial (E-Learning, example, via BigBlueButton, Skype, etc.) Forum (E-Learning via MyGuru2) T&L Video via MyGuru2 On-line Quiz via MyGuru2 36 Total Learning Time 80 10 26 Independent 21

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COURSE LEARNING OUTCOME
At the end of the course, students will be able to:

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Demonstrate effective listening, speaking, reading and writing skills learned in the course for communicative purposes. Use correct grammar and vocabulary when writing a variety of texts. Define and discuss, individually and in groups, vocabulary, expressions, and issues found in a variety of texts. Apply critical reading skills when reading texts on current issues. Organise and implement a collaborative writing project.

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COURSE GUIDE

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COURSE SYNOPSIS
This course helps students in developing strong foundations in reading and writing skills for communicative purposes in a variety of contexts. The course integrates the skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing, with more emphasis being given to the skills of reading and writing.

COURSE CONTENT
To assist students in achieving the learning outcomes for this course, the course content is divided into five units which cover the listening, speaking, reading and writing skills.

UNIT 1

TOPIC HUMAN INTEREST    Listening – Healthy Lifestyle Speaking – Nutrition and Food Pyramid Reading- Letter to the Editor - Word Attack - Comprehension  Language Focus - Present Tense - Past Tense  Writing - Pre-writing Activities - Writing Process  Self-Assessment

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JOURNEY TO THE FUTURE  Listening to a radio interview

Comprehension  Language Focus .The Net Generation .Voyagers 1 and 2 .Conversations Reading.Word Attack .Future Tense  Writing .COURSE GUIDE iv   Speaking – Oral Presentation Skills Reading.Descriptive Writing  3 Self-Assessment TECH SAVVY    Listening to a talk Speaking – Role play Reading.Comprehension  Language Focus .Word Attack .Present Continuous Tense  Writing .Paraphrasing  Self-Assessment 4 A WAY OF LIFE    Listening – Practising Turn Taking Speaking .Past Traditions brought to life .

Word Attack .Word Attack .Summary Writing  5 Self-Assessment JOB SATISFACTION    Listening to a Radio Interview Speaking – My Dream Job and Conducting Interviews Reading .COURSE GUIDE v .Comprehension  Language Focus .Letter of Application  Self-Assessment .Comprehension  Language Focus .Passive Voice  Writing .Gerunds and Infinitives  Writing .Workplace Satisfaction .

Aktiviti latihan yang disertakan jawapan serta maklum balas. .COURSE GUIDE vi ASSESSMENT Assignment % Weightage Approach and Assignment Outcome On-line via MyGuru2 On-line via MyGuru2 On-line via MyGuru2 Conducted at Centres On-line Quiz 1 On-line Quiz 2 Project Work Final Examination Total 10 10 40 40 100 ICON SPECIFICATIONS Exercises to consolidate students‘ understanding of the topics learnt. A Exercises with answer key.

We need to stop being stressful and start living healthily. CONTENT LISTENING Task 1 Listen to the Radio Talk Show entitled “Healthy Lifestyle” and answer the following questions. 6. 1. 8. Hamid often has palpitation in his chest. Sam advises En. Hamid is a university lecturer. 3. Sani is the nutritionist from ANPAC. discuss on given topics in groups. The radio talk show is about En. Hamid‘s health. 7. Sam is the Deejay. 4. Hamid to reschedule his activities. 3. En. T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F 1 . 2. listen to texts and answer T/F questions. 5.UNIT 1 HUMAN INTEREST LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of the unit. 2. Mr. you should be able to: 1. 4. To be healthy we must avoid processed food. read and answer comprehension questions and write paragraphs on topics discussed. Mr. Dr. En.

com. SPEAKING Nutrition and the Food Pyramid Task 2 Study the food pyramid below and in groups of four discuss the various types of food one needs to consume in order to lead a healthy life. 2 .guide. the group representatives will present the groups‘ findings. While having a drink each of you relate events that took place in your lives. Sani suggests that En. Come up with a dialogue to be presented to the class. Hamid goes for medical check up as soon as possible. Dr. the others are to ask questions and give opinions wherever necessary. Best vitamin. Nutrition and the Food Pyramid Source: Ignatowski . and your next tutorial is an hour later. 2005. Dialogue Imagine that you and your three friends meet after a tutorial class at the cafeteria.supplements. Food Pyramid Chart for Balanced Diet. Almonds are good source of calcium and fibre. While listening. T/F T/F 10.9. Then.A.

E. Once.Jungle Girl‟ ―My daddy was a hero. celebrity news. Dear Editor. 25 Bindi‘s charms comes to the small screen in Bindi: The Jungle Girl . 1 I am an ardent fan of ASTRO. I think Steve Irwin‘s daughter is such a 20 brave girl to be among snakes and other animals. Here are some quick facts about Bindi:  She has a rat named Candy ―Candy is my favorite friend and we do lots of fun things together! We go out 30 rollerblading and he rides on my shoulder. a new wildlife series that brings the Irwins and heir passion for animals together onscreen.‖ she said. I love to read the Astroview – your magazine with the slogan `Malaysia‟s largest circulated entertainment magazine‟ which is out monthly. The food is so crystal clear that you are practically thrown into the chef‘s kitchen. I became so hopelessly hungry watching the 10 program `License to Grill‟ that I could not stop myself from rummaging my small refrigerator for bits of snacks. 5 More often than not. complete with 15 information and updates on the different channels. Now. I was desperate for food in the middle of the night. and her short speech earned a standing ovation and an indelible mark on the memory of many Australians. ESPN. And talk about the camera men! They are incredibly good at focusing. Star Movies.READING PASSAGE ONE Read the letter to the editor and carry out the tasks. I sincerely hope the pang of hunger will slowly disappear into oblivion. this does not work to my advantage especially when I am famished. She has her daddy‘s talents and not to forget his smile. so much so that the first thing I do upon entering my humble abode is to switch on to HBO. of course!‖  She‘s not afraid of the animals she handles 2 3 3 . The effect is just the opposite as I gazed at the delicious foods prepared by the chefs. health tips and other news useful to ASTRO subscribers. Congratulations! Your viewers must be so thrilled to grab a copy every month. He likes to play with all my other animal friends too except the snakes. I just had to bring to your readers on page 8 of December 2007 issue entitled ‗Watch out . Animal Planet. I am keen on watching Animal Planet and I am very thrilled to read that this channel will be airing a new program called Bindi: The Jungle Girl. As I watch delicious foods on AFC. Discovery Travel and Living and of course to AFC or Asian Food Channel when I am incredibly hungry.

We can catch him on No Reservation 3. he gave a few very practical travel tips on page 9. 5. we can opt for bread instead. Who does not know Anthony Bourdain on Discovery Travel and Living? He is 40 the tall New Yorker Chef who travels around the world to discover culinary heaven. Bourdain is the man for real travel…. He has no boundaries and limits to trying local foods and drinks.―My dad taught me to respect all animals.no reservation indeed. It 50 gets difficult after that. Well. It is so true that one should try and eat local foods and not insist on looking for your own traditional foods. When we are in a foreign country we must try to adapt and adopt. Ask your taxi driver instead. I welcome other readers to share my views of ASTRO and Astroview. 55 or croissant. so I‘ve never had to overcome my fear. He suggested that we: 45    5 Never eat in the hotel and never ask the concierge where to eat. 2.com Task 3 editor. Eat local. We cannot be looking high and low for restaurants selling rice. Don‘t travel in packs – no more than two or three people. I just love Samantha because of her sweet smile and her pink attire.‖ 35 4 As I am a traveler I love to read the travel guide and tips given by famous travelers such as Samantha Brown and Anthony Bourdain. Provide the meanings of these words pertaining to the letter to the ardent (line 1) _______________________________________________ abode (line2)________________________________________________ famished (line 7)______________________________________________ rummaging (line 11) __________________________________________ keen (line 18)________________________________________________ 4 . 3. In the December issue. 4. These travel tips are so practical and I will definitely remember them when I visit Scotland next week. She makes me want to travel to those countries and experience what she had experienced. If we are rice eaters. 1. Well done ASTRO! 6 Shima_Daniel Shima_daniel@yahoo. He is like the Guru of real travel. I will unquestionably follow Bourdain‘s tips when I am there.

Answer the questions. Who is the New Yorker chef that Shima Daniel admires? ___________________________________________________________ 4. What is the programme that the chef hosts? ___________________________________________________________ 5. explain what the writer means in the phrase ―It is so true that one should try and eat local foods and not insist on looking for your own traditional foods” ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 5 . Who is Bindi‘s father? ___________________________________________________________ 6. In your own words. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 2.6. attire (line 38)________________________________________________ Task 4 1. Name the ASTRO channels found in the letter to the Editor. What is the slogan for Astroview? __________________________________________________________ 3.

Our best Channel - 6 . Task 5 In groups of four. Thank you so much for your letter. prepare a mind map of the advantages of tuning in to ASTRO channels. You are to present your mind map. You have 15 minutes to discuss and create the mind map. Dear Shima Daniel. ________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Editor.7. Choose your group‘s best channel and give four reasons for your choice. Reply to Shima Daniel‘s letter via e-mail. Imagine you are the Editor of Astroview.

and in Kuala Krai in the interior of Kelantan. I was twelve years old then. as a senior lecturer at the Language Institute in Kuala Lumpur. that my father first spoke to me about my future. at three-year intervals. bookish child. in 10 Standard Six of primary school. in Johor Bharu at the peninsula‘s southern tip. on a dark and rainy night in 1967.Task 6 Still in your group. where my 5 mobile family had come to a temporary rest. Eventually my father had received what would be the last posting of his abbreviated life. Dear Shima Daniel. My father had led a peripatetic career as a teacher and he had taken his young family with him to successive postings across the length and breadth of the Malayan Peninsula. You may agree or disagree with her pertaining to ASTRO‘s channels and Astroview. My father had always been a fairly remote figure to his three 7 2 . *Please exchange your group‘s e-mail with other groups. I would be moving on to secondary school. ……………………………. I read your letter to the editor and ……… Yours faithfully. It was in our house in Kuala Lumpur. Give reasons for your agreement or disagreement. prepare an e-mail to Shima Daniel. Underline them. the next year. Note the differences or similarities between the e-mails. PASSAGE TW0 Read the passage and complete the given tasks 1 I had been a quiet. my two brothers were born. in response to her letter to the editor. And it was a growing family.

3 15 That night. Ghani and 30 Azizi were deadly serious about it. and its reputation was well 50 deserved. It had been founded by the British in 1905 as a place in which the sons of Malay Sultans could acquire the rudiments of a sound British education before moving on to tertiary institutions in Britain itself. The day of the entrance exam came. that he actually had hopes for me. He certainly fooled me then. my father bundled his wife and sons into the car and set off on a 200-kilometre drive north to Kuala Kangsar. My father was at home when I got there. for the first time in my 25 young life. when we were out of our infancy and could understand more of his strong and complex personality.‖ That‘s about all I remember. my father said to me: ―The Malay College is not just any school. Muslini and I larked about. It is the school. We had our first mass meal in the dining hall. ―Papa.‖ he 40 said. however. much. Five days into 1968. was of bedlam: a horde of twelve-yearolds and what seemed to be their families. although there must have been more. a big boarding school way up in Kuala Kangsar. and I 20 was vaguely aware that this was a place. But merely sitting for the exams was no big deal. grandmothers and aunts.‖ What was this? ―Sciences‖? ―Arts‖? I couldn‘t even draw! And I was certainly no whiz at arithmetic. I knew that I would be sitting for the Malay College entrance examinations very soon. It was indeed a grand old school. I went home a very happy kid that Friday. and were sent to our 4 5 6 7 8 . stern and affectionate in equal measure. being endlessly hugged by weeping mothers. I was happy to find Muslini amidst the chaos. and I had by no means excelled in school so far. when the results came out a month later. my mother would tell me that was one of the proudest moments of his life. although he seemed altogether too dazed to be coherent. but still remote. Years later. Muslini and I 35 made the cut and the other two didn‘t. which would apparently be honoured to send off a ward or two to the Malay College.sons. a small. and the four of us who were the only four Malay boys in our primary school‘s top class went to take it. There is no future in the Arts.‖ I said. My first impression. ―I‘ve got the results. least of all Muslini and me. and of the esteemed Malay College. spoken of with much respect by my teachers.‖ He didn‘t even lower the paper. 55 The day drew to an end. Nobody could believe it. I have to report to Malay College on January seventh. site of the Sultan‘s Palace. practically every Standard n the country did so. I do remember not being sure what he was on about. But here was my father talking about the Malay College in a way that made me feel. Much. later I would console myself with the thought that he had been saving himself for later in our lives. in which were hung framed group photographs of the College‘s previous First-Form intakes. sleepy town dozing by a bend of the Perak River not far south of Taiping. reading the newspaper. Kuala Kangsar had 45 a distinguished air about it: it was the royal town of Perak. ―Good. So of course. I passed. Muslini and I were there to make up the numbers. And he went on: ―You must take the Sciences. Ghani and Azizi were the great hopes of our school. seeking out their allotted bed-spaces in the dormitories. the families were waved a tearful goodbye. struggling to keep the excitement from my voice.

confusion and noise b. traveling from place to place j. ninety-two young boys fell asleep on their first night away from their homes and 56 families. home would be a place we would only visit on holidays. definitely d. The writer‘s family had stayed in a number of places throughout the peninsula The writer‘s father last career was a senior lecturer ( ( ) ) 2. rudiments _______________ 9. whiz 5.beds at nine. roamed i. esteemed _______________ 8.coherent _______________ Task 8 Mark with a (√) for the statements which are true and a (x) for the statements which are false 1. strict e. Match the meanings in Column B with the words in Column A in context of the passage. From that day on. basics h. A 1. excelled 4. speak clearly g. very good f. peripatetic 2. respected and admired 6. Within the soft white drapes of their brand-new mosquito nets. It was all for the best that we were utterly exhausted. bedlam _______________ 10. larked ________________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ B a. 9 . Adapted from: A Malaysian Journey by Rehman Rashid. clever c. Task 7 The following words given in Column A are found in the passage above. apparently _______________ 7. stern 3.

When did the writer‘s family finally settle down? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2.3. How was the father-son relationship in the writer‘s family? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 3. What was the response of the writer‘s father when he was successful in the Malay College entrance exam? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 10 . Why was the writer not keen in enrolling in the Malay College? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 4. 1. The Malay College is the only well-known place in Kuala Kangsar ( ) Task 9 Answer the following questions in your own words. The writer was not very interested to be in the Malay College ( ) 5. The writer was good in arithmetic ( ) 6. The writer‘s father was very close to his sons ( ) 4.

The plane takes off at 12 midnight from KLIA. To show habitual action.g.g. e. Penang is the `pearl of the orient‘ UPSI is located in South Perak. Shima drives from Proton City to UPSI every day. Examples e. a fact or general truth. To show a planned action that will take place in the future. 11 . Goh always plays tennis at UPSI court. To show a fact or general truth 2. The Kayak participants leave for UPM tomorrow. e. Usage 1. 2. a planned action that will take place in the future and to show the time of action. You may have some ideas after reading the above passage. Describe any memorable happenings in your school or college life. LANGUAGE FOCUS TALKING ABOUT THE PRESENT Simple Present Tense shows habitual action.5. 3. Relate your experience on your first day in primary or secondary school. What was the main aim of the establishment of the Malay College by the British in 1905? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Task 10 1.g.

He (inform) __________ his class of the concert tonight. Ahmad (write) to his parents every week.g. Realizing his passion. 7. he 12 . 5. If he arrives. 6.g. just let him into the house. `as soon as‘ and `when‘ are used. 9. The university bus (depart) as early as 7 in the morning. She (sip) ___________ the hot tea slowly. Change the forms of the verbs in brackets to the present tense. We (experience) longer days in the U. during summer. The vet (suggest) __________ that her dog be put to sleep. 8. When he reaches his house. Mei Lee (sing) at the Charity Ball every year. Friends (support) one another in difficult and challenging times. he goes straight to bed.K. He ___________ 2 (dream) to be a Malaysian cum an Olympic Kayak paddler one day.4. e. 4. 3. the robber grabs her. Herman _________ 1 (love) to kayak. To show the time of action. 2. The students will respect you if you demonstrate some concern and kindness. Task 11 1. Vitamin C and Fish Oil (help) our bodies fight against influenza. Words like `until‘. 5. 10. To show an event that is likely to happen in the future (`If‘ is used). Task 12 Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the present tense. `as‘. As soon as she locks the door. Her nephew (love) __________ to play squash and he (is) ________ the state champion. e.

13 .30pm everyday. His effort __________ 8 (pay) off as he is now the university Kayak peddler. to 7. Herman and five other peddlers normally _________ 4 (practise) from 5. he returns home and continues working on his assignments like any ordinary university student. They have made us proud winning the gold medal a few months ago and we pray for their success in the up coming tournament. SIMPLE PAST TENSE USAGE To express an action completed in the past usually with a time frame EXAMPLES Salim played rugby when he was in school. He _______ 5 (join) his team to row the kayak back and forth several times under the watchful eyes of the coach._________ 3 (join) the UPSI Canoe Club. I saw this movie when I was 12 years old. When he __________ 6 (finish) his training. The Club members train at the Proton City Lake about 8 kilometres from UPSI. under the guidance of the Sports Science Faculty.00 pm. Herman and his team ___________ 9 (compete) in the Asian Varsity Rowing Tournament in October. Sarawak where he rows sampan and maneuvers motorboats. The UPSI Kayak peddlers _________ 10 (leave) for Putrajaya on 14 October 2008. Herman _______ 7 (receive) his early training at Belaga.

Dollah scored a goal for his team. 6. She studied hard for the examinations.To show a past habit. The police sent the prisoner to jail. Do you always go out at night? I watched a horror movie. 7. action was done to the subject and The students were reminded to submit not by the subject the report before the deadline. the simple tenses are the present. 14 . or „ „never‟ She always visited the old folks home when she was in town. Tick the sentences in the simple past tense form only. He got into the car. 4. Task 13 1. 3. Verbs (‗doing‘ word) in sentences will indicate when the action has occurred. The tenses show the time when the action takes place. Father would be angry if I did not get home by 11 pm To express a series of past actions To express an unlikely situation in the ‗if‘ clause of a conditional sentence In indirect speech Direct: She said ― I want this book‖ Indirect: She said she wanted that book In its passive form to indicate a past I was asked to give a speech. started the engine and drove off in a hurry. 5. In English. „often‟. 2. past and future. usually accompanied by adverbs like „always‟. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) He eats rice for lunch and dinner. My teacher often made it compulsory for us to write an essay every week. The tiger killed and ate the deer.

She (get) _____________ into trouble after complaining to the authorities. I (buy) _____________ a new car yesterday. Ismail (1)…………. 9. all in light green uniforms and (6) 15 . The river flows into the lake. 4. He (run) _____________as fast as he could when the dog chased him. The cat (catch) _____________ a rat in the drain. They visit their aged parents on weekend. They (2)………… (be) on their way to the house of the village headman. 10. The guest speaker (give) _____________ an interesting talk. 5. 2. She (walk) _____________ to her office this morning because of the jam. 7. His uncle (arrive) _____________ from Johor Bahru last night. There (5)…………. who (3)……………(live) a quarter of a mile from the mosque. 8. 10.8. ( ( ( ) ) ) Task 14 For each of the following sentences change of the verb in bracket into the past tense form. Haji Hamid. 6. Task 15 Complete the passage below with the correct past tense form of the verbs in bracket.looking insect on our field trip. He (is) _____________ a well-known rugby player in his younger days. 1. (leave) in a hurry with Kandan. Khalid (4) …………… (spot) the terrorists crossing the Langat river just before sunset. Ismail‘s neighbour.. 3. The doctor (tell) _____________ me to take less sugar. We (find) _____________ a strange. 9. (be) seven of them. Bears love honey.

. they (13) …………..(shoot) dead the English planter and his wife. He (10) ………. (kill) a Scottish planter in a rubber estate near Semenyih in broad daylight.…………. ‗since‘.. The intrusion to Omar (9) ………… (be) frightening.. speaking He has not spoken a word of English for years. with words like ‗before‘. ‗so far. with words like was born. They (7) ………….. (come) from the isolated Sungai Long track and (8)…………….(approach) the village from Bukit Enggang.. The Communist terrorists (11) ………… (ambush) and (12) …………. Two days later. in full view of the workers. ‗ever‘ or ‗finally‘ Have you ever seen a ghost before? To show a past action that has My mother has cared for me since I continued until NOW. (But he is speaking it now) 16 . (burn) down a bungalow in another isolated rubber estate. Before the terrorists (14) …………. To express an action that begins in the I have not seen her for years until past and finishes at the moment of today. Adapted from: Long Road to Merdeka by Kamarul Zaman Ariff (2007) PRESENT PERFECT TENSE USAGE EXAMPLES To show actions at an unspecified time Bakri has never seen a tapir before. they (15) …………. ‗for‘.. (arm) with rifles. (set) the bungalow on fire. ‗up to the present‘ She hasn‟t settled the loan until today.. (hear) from uncle Ali that there were brutal killings in the district.

Jenny and I drive to town _________________________________________________________ 2. Is this the first time you have met my parents The present perfect tense shows an action that started in the past and was completed at an unspecified time or still continues into the present. Omar dreams of winning an award _________________________________________________________ 5. Used with the phrase‘ the first time‘ This is the first time I have arrived here. Rodiah finishes her project _________________________________________________________ 6.To show an action completed recently The train has just left the station. change the present tense into the present perfect form Present Perfect Example: He eats durians has eaten 1. The life guard watches the children in the pool _________________________________________________________ 3. Our friends bought the final match tickets _________________________________________________________ 4. Task 16 For each of the following sentences. The worker gives his manager an answer _________________________________________________________ 7. It involves two periods of time that is a ‗half present and half past‘ action. The baby catches cold _________________________________________________________ 17 . with the verb ‗just‘ Alin has just finished cooking lunch.

9. The workers ……. The boys ……….(buy) the ticket for tonight‘s big match. I submit my assignment _________________________________________________________ 10.(have) ………….(live) here for thirty years. Nizar ……….(have) just …………. Kumar ……….... The mechanic repairs the car _________________________________________________________ 9....(give) us the assignment topic.8.. (have) just …………… (finish) the road repair work.(have)………. (see) that movie in 2001.(report) for duty this morning. 3.(have) not ……………. 8... 10. 5. 2. The tutor …………(have) just …………. change the verbs in the brackets into the present perfect form.(have) already …….. We take our meal _________________________________________________________ Task 17 For each of the sentences below..... 18 ... Her boyfriend ………. I ………(have) ………. I …………. Eliza is worried.(have) not ………(call) her or .(have) already…………. She ……….. 4. 6..(complete) their homework.(leave) the office ten minutes ago. 1.. (send) her any messages for the last few weeks. We …………. 7.( play) rugby since I was in secondary school.

At the end of ten minutes. A pre-writing activity will help you find ideas to write what you need to write about. For example. exchange views and ask questions. You can do this on your own or in a group. writers begin by doing some Pre-writing activities. TALK Talk about what you want to write. 19 . share your interests with a group of students. For example. When you cluster or group certain words. Don‘t forget to take note of the interesting things you have discussed in your group. listen to your friend‘s reasons. Give reasons. read what you have written and further develop your ideas from that point onwards. you are actually organizing and expanding your thoughts.WRITING Are you ready to begin the writing process? Often. phrases or ideas together. CLUSTERING Another word that means the same as clustering is grouping. Here are some suggestions. writing about whatever that comes to your mind for ten minutes about a particular topic. FREE WRITING Free writing involves writing about a particular topic for a timed period. BRAINSTORM Brainstorming is a process where you list down thoughts in words or phrases that come to your mind about a particular topic. phrase or idea links to one another. You will then form a diagram to show how each word. A pre-writing activity is also a useful way to help you organize your ideas in a logical order.

1. Use the box below to take notes of some interesting things mentioned by others. Share your thoughts on the things that you enjoy doing with a group of students. Begin now. • • • • • • 2.Task 18 Now. Write a paragraph on the topic below in not more than 10 minutes. let‘s start with some pre-writing exercises. The most interesting thing that I have done in my life‘ ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 .

4. phrases or ideas that comes to your mind on the topic given below.3. Compare your list with others. ‗Things that I wish to do in my lifetime‘ ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… Use the diagram below to expand your ideas on ‗Interesting things people do‘. Individually or in groups. list down as many words. Learn how to swim Shop for antiques Interesting things people do 21 .

Lately. Box A Topic • • • • • • • • • • Box B A group of sentences about one main idea A sentence that summarizes what an essay will be about A word or phrase that tells what a paragraph is about A word or phrase that tells what an essay is about A sentence that includes the main idea of a paragraph Main idea Thesis statement Topic sentence Paragraph Let‘s find out if you have really understood the terms above by completing some exercises. ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ 2. Match the terms in Box A with their definition in Box B. 22 . Use the terms above to fill in the boxes below. 3. young children have also been introduced to mountain climbing activities at camps. Mountain climbing has captured the hearts of many people. The first one has been done for you. These young children are taught the basics of mountain climbing and are given proper training by qualified instructors. It is easy to take up swimming for three reasons Gardening can also help reduce stress. Then. 1) Topic sentence 1.Task 19 Before you write. take a look at the boxes below. check your answers. 0) Datuk Nicole David is my favourite squash player.

add more information related to the three things you enjoy in the Column II. Column I Things that interest me Example: Science Column II Additional information Space. the following exercises will help you narrow down your topic. 5. construct a paragraph.4. STEP 1: Narrow down your topic. form topic sentences and finally. State three things that interest you in Column I. Alternative Music There are a few interesting activities that I do during my free time. ____________________ ____________________ Task 20 Now. check out the example. Before you begin. exploration of planets 23 . astronauts. write a thesis statement. Then.

Example: Exploration of planets interests me for three main reasons. Example: Topic sentence 1: planet. Based on your thesis statement. Tip: Use your topic or logical connector to begin your topic sentence. Write a sequencesentences: Firstly. form three topic sentences. I have always wondered about life beyond our Topic sentence 1: ………………………………………………………………………………………… Topic sentence 2: ………………………………………………………………………………………… 24 . Check out the example. Study information that you have stated in column I and II. Try and form a thesis statement. Write your thesis statement: ________________________________________________________________ STEP 3: Forming topic sentences. Check out the example.STEP 2: Write a thesis statement.

Your paragraph should include a thesis statement and the topic sentences that you have formed.Topic sentence 3: ………………………………………………………………………………………… STEP 4: Construct a paragraph. I have always wondered about life beyond our planet. Firstly. I am certain that aliens and other beings exist. Supporting details 25 . Example: Thesis statement Topic sentence Exploration of planets interests me for three main reasons. Each paragraph consists of a topic sentences and a few supporting details. Evidences that were reported by astronauts and space explorers convince me that we are not alone in this universe. Check out the example.

minerals and vitamins including A. ice-creams and chocolate bars but do you know that these nuts have some beauty tips to offer? Eating a few almonds offer benefits which include good fats. it can be eaten to get those benefits.SELF ASSESSMENT TEST 1 Read the article on Almonds and respond to the tasks. They have anti-inflammatory properties and their light aroma and texture make them ideal for soothing women‘s skins. and almond oil serves as a skin softener. Awesome Almonds You may have had almonds in your cakes. This is why these nuts are used in skincare. Almond is used mainly for its emollient and slight bleaching properties. (Adapted from Her World . almonds are used for exfoliation in beauty preparations. February 2008) 26 . Some experts believe it is best to eat raw almonds that have been soaked in water overnight. Ground into a meal. Although almond oil is not commonly consumed as olive oil. B and E. with antiseptic properties and a complex array of vitamins and minerals.

What would you do to almonds if you want to exfoliate your skin? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 4. 1.Answer the following questions. Suggest your own traditional way of using almonds in your daily life. Why are almonds used in skincare? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 3. Name the benefits of using almond oil as skincare? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 5. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 27 . What are the benefits of eating almonds? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2.

Allow questions and answers after your presentation. SUMMARY Main Skills Listening Sub Skills Listening to a Text Listening Comprehension Speaking about Food Pyramid Speaking about Healthy Life Style Presentation of Findings Reading Vocabulary Reading Comprehension Pre-Writing Writing Paragraphs Mind-Mapping Present Tense Past Tense Present Perfect Tense Tick here if you have understood Notes Speaking Reading Writing Grammar 28 . Present this in class using a mind map.TEST 2 Create a skincare product using any local vegetable or fruit.

bedlam ________a_______ 10. excelled 4. respected and admired F F F T T T F T T T 6. traveling from place to place j. confusion and noise b. strict e. clever c. larked ______ i _________ _______d_______ ________e_______ ________b______ _______h________ B a. very good f. 7. 3. apparently _______c________ 7. 4.ANSWER KEY Task 1 1. esteemed ______ j _________ 8. 5. Task 7 A 1. basics h. 10. peripatetic 2. 9. definitely d. 2. roamed i.coherent _______f________ 29 . rudiments ________ g ______ 9. 6. 8. speak clearly g. whiz 5. stern 3.

3. is suggests informs writes sings experience support departs help 30 . 6. 3. 5. 10. Not very close and stern but affectionate Because he felt that he was not a bright student/ did not excel in school. 2. Task 9 1. 4. sips loves. 3. 8. Task 11 Present tense 1. 5. 2. 9. 4. 4. True True False True False True 2. His father did not show any enthusiasm/ did not show he was happy/ It was meant for the sons of Malay Sultans to be educated according to the British education system. 5.Task 8 1. 7. 6. The writer‘s family finally settled down when his father had his final posting as a senior lecturer at the Language Institute in Kuala Lumpur.

2. / 3 / 4 / 6 / 7 / Task 14 Past Tense 1. 8. 4. 7. bought arrived caught walked told found gave ran got was 31 . 2. 10. 5. 5. 3. 4. 10. 8. 6.Task 12 1. 7. 9. 9. 3. 6. loves dreams joins practise joins finishes receives pays compete leave Task 13 Past Tense Tick the sentences in the past tense for only 2.

4. 7. 4. 8. 6. 9. 2. Task 16 Present Perfect Tense 1. 5. 2.Task 15 Past Tense 1. 6. has driven has watched have bought has dreamt/dreamed has finished has given has caught has repaired have submitted have taken left were lived spotted were armed came approached was heard ambushed killed burnt/burned set shot 32 . 3. 8. 10. 14. 15. 11. 3. 7. 13. 5. 12. 9. 10.

B and E. played has. bought has. have . reported have. 33 . 4. 9. left has. Because of its emollient and slight bleaching properties.Task 17 Present Perfect Tense 1. 8. minerals and vitamins including A. I would ground the almonds into a meal to exfoliate my skin. finished have. seen has. Gives any relevant suggestion. 3. 2. Good fats. 4. Almond oil serves as softener to the skin. 7. completed have. called. given has. 5. sent TEST 1 1. lived have. 2. 6. 10. 3. 5.

BLEND THE CUCUMBER ADD TWO TABLESPOON OLIVE OIL CUCUMBER ADD TWO TABLESPOON HONEY ADD HALF A CUP OF FRESH MILK 34 .TEST 2 Mix the ingredients and apply to face every morning.

Sani? Mr Sam : Well. Eat good food and exercise.Hello… Yes. Sam. We have a caller on the line…. Sam. FM as it is time for our favourite programme. Hamid…?. Malaysians are high on diabetes. They are Mr. Sani. what exactly is Healthy Lifestyle? Mr Sam: Well…. Sani: I agree with you on that Mr Sam. I‘m good. I have question for Mr. Shah Alam: Penerbit Fajar Bakti Kamarul Zaman Ariff (2007) Long Road to Merdeka Kajang: Kamarulzaman Mohd Ariff Dusun Gayah Rehman Rashid (1993) A Malaysian Journey Petaling Jaya: Rehman Rashid LISTENING TRANSCRIPT Voice: Listen to the Radio Talk Show entitled “Healthy Lifestyle”. Mr. How are you Mr. (End of the Road by Boyz II Men is on air…. That is if we put effort to it. Sani: I‘m fine too. Hello everyone! I‘m Deejay Pink and I‘m so thrilled to have with me in the studio this morning two very important guests who are going to talk about ―Healthy Lifestyle‖. Deejay Pink: Yes! You are right Mr. Well ….‖ Mr. I‘m sure our listeners out there are equally excited to listen to our renowned guests. Sam and Dr Sani. Hamid: Hello…. The food there is not healthy at all. It is great to be here. We must be positive and take our time to try and consume nutritional food. The number is 03-3344555. Jessie (2003) Towards Better English Grammar . Hughes. Deejay Pink: Gosh!! I feel guilty already (laughs). Richard & Michael. Avoid processed food and the famous fast food that we have now. We should also get medical check ups regularly. We need to stop being stressful and start living healthily.FM.REFERENCES Gaudart. Go ahead En. Feel free to call in and talk to our experts. Sam: Exactly…. Sam : Of course we can. Dr.remember the saying ―Take your time to smell the flowers? Deejay Pink: Yes… and ―You will get more wrinkles if you worry too much. Thank you. Glad I made it despite the heavy traffic (laughs) Dr. a nutritionist from ANPAC and Dr. a physician from the General Hospital.Hello En. It saddens me to see parents or elders bringing children to the fast food joints. 35 . It is definitely not end of the road here at FBK. Sam and Dr. Actually I would like to discuss this – Healthy Lifestyle in this modern demanding age! Is it feasible? Can we be not stressful with all the job deadlines? Mr. Hamid. Sam. The drinks are so sweet and bad for health too.those are some of the advice for Healthy Lifestyle.) Deejay Pink: Hmmm …that was Boyz II Men with End of Road. En. Deejay Pink: Yes. Hyacinth. Deejay Pink: Thank you so much for being here at FBK.

I‘m sure the palpitation is due to your stress level but you can‘t be too sure. En Hamid? How old are you now if I may ask? En. Sam. I just turned 50. Sam. Deejay Pink: Well…It looks like we have come to the end of our session. He is. What should I do to distress? I am always stressed. (He spells the address). Not many stores have almonds. Sam for coming to FBK FM this morning. They cannot be replaced with peanuts though. I work round the clock. This is so true in this modern era. Ermm…. Mr. eating almonds may sound easy but I think it could be challenging to get them.uk (He spells the address). Hamid: Thank you Dr. Sani and Mr. Sani. Hamid and to our listeners out there….My last medical check up was 10 years ago (laughs) Dr. We can crush them and add to our vegetable salad. I would like to thank Dr. Deejay Pink: Yes.com. In fact people suffering from thyroid should eat more almonds. I‘m a university lecturer. Sam: Thank you En. Go out and walk in the park near your house. Hamid: Well. Have a nice day!! Mr. I find life to be stressful too. My job is not merely teaching. They are good as source of calcium and fiber. En. Take more nuts like almonds. Deejay Pink: Hmmm…. I eat them only if I find them in ice creams or chocolate bars. Sam. Hamid. could you give us some easy tips on eating healthy? Mr. At times I work at night too.En.don‘t touch that dial as Deejay Paul is here with more songs from the 80‘s. Do one task at a time.co. Sani: I agree with you Mr. Dr. Mr. Or eat them just like that.my. Take a breather after you have finished one task. Have you done your Medical check up. Sam: Sure! My email is Sam@ANPAC. trying to meet my deadlines. Sam: I agree with both of you but we need to try and buy them. Deejay Pink: Yes. Ask your doctor to do a profile and with the results he or she can follow through. Mr. Deejay Pink: Dr. Dr. Sam: As a nutritionist I have some suggestions. Sam: He is cheerful already… (laughs). By the way.almonds? I never thought of eating them like that. Sani: Yes. Hmm…. And thank you so much to our caller En. Sani and Mr. You need to inform the doctor of your family medical history.Mr. Sani: You have to get it done soon. You must go for medical check up fast. At times I feel palpitation in my chest. We need to buy them from big supermarkets. People who are suffering from gout should abstain from peanuts. do you have any advice for En Hamid? Dr. Deejay Pink: Do you have email that can be accessed by our listeners? I‘m sure more people would like to reach both of you for tips and advice. It is not easy to find in our country unlike peanuts. Hamid. (Endless Love by Lionel Ritchie and Diana Ross is aired) 36 . They provide great benefits such as calcium. Perhaps you can try and reschedule your activities. doctor. Sani: Mine is Sani@yahoo.

UNIT 2 JOURNEY TO THE FUTURE LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of the unit.nasa. 4. CONTENT Man has always been fascinated with what is beyond this earth that we live in. Do you know that there are many spacecrafts orbiting the earth at the moment? How many spacecrafts do you know that have been sent to space and for what purpose? You may want to visit the relevant websites of countries like America. 5. guess the meaning of words in the text.one recommended website is the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) [website at http://www. 2. Japan.] 37 listen to and respond to opinions. China and even Malaysia that have ongoing space programmes for more information . What is out there? How did the world come into being? Is there intelligent life out there? Such questions continually spurred scientists to explore space with numerous spacecrafts. . and write sentences in the correct tenses.gov. you should be able to: 1. 3. prepare speeches based on specific situations. Russia. read and understand the text.

complete the graphic organizer. A 38 .LISTENING Task 1 You will listen to a radio interview. As you listen.

especially in English. Nervousness is normal. For most students. If oral presentation is guided properly. Therefore. This will make them confident to deliver well. they become nervous and will in turn affect their performance during the oral presentation. students will be able to reduce their anxieties and improve their performance during presentation. 39 . Impromptu speaking means unprepared speech where students are suddenly asked to perform without given time to do much preparation. We need to adopt some changes to suit our purpose and audience. the audience and the speaking situation before presentation. iii. Normally they will refer to the text when it is necessary. First. oral presentation is not an easy task as they fear speaking in front of an audience. Extemporaneous speaking happens when students are quite prepared beforehand. We need to have a systematic plan to deliver our speech effectively. ii. they will deliver quite naturally and will do some changes of delivering according to the audiences‘ responses. let‘s have a look at some basic styles to do speeches such as: i. As a result. This would help them to develop a greater awareness of how self-confidence can overcome fear of public speaking especially in the target language. Their confidence level will improve and oral presentation will not be a threat to them anymore. The delivery style is informal.SPEAKING Oral Presentation Skills Learning Points Most people feel nervous about speaking in public. However students might lack spontaneity during presentation. Text speaking refers to a situation where students have prepared themselves in terms of the topic.

In groups of 3 evaluate speeches of each other. inquire. Appears extemporaneous and not memorized c. Uses transitions that are effective 4. Presentation 6. Content Gains the audience's attention and focuses it on the topic 2. a. These skills will provide students a valuable learning experience and help them in acquiring lifelong skills for their future career and professional development. Students have to collect. Maintains eye contact with the audience 8. Speaks at an appropriate rate 9.Oral presentation involves a lot of skills for it to be delivered successfully. Conclusion 1. Communicates ideas clearly and understandably b. Impromptu Speech Think of a topic and prepare a speech for a 2 minute individual presentation. ii. Uses effective. Excellent Good Fair Weak Excellent Good Fair Weak Excellent Good Fair Weak 12. iii. non-distracting gestures 10. States main ideas clearly and distinctly 3. organize and construct information before they can present their speech. Present your speech. Uses effective facial expressions to reinforce message 11. Uses effective strategy to end speech 40 . Use the evaluation form below to evaluate your friend. Uses sufficient evidence to support assertions 5. Task 2 i. Pronounces words clearly and correctly 7.

This is important so that you can plan your content appropriate to their level and able to gauge their attention from the beginning to the end of the presentation. You should also be aware of who your audience are such as their age group. general background. Brainstorming is a useful technique which you can use to structure the content. 41 . if we are giving a speech in front of our course mates. we can choose to present current topics and issues appropriate and relevant to us as students and members of the society. we can assume that they share the same interest and knowledge of the world with us. you can proceed to plan the content of your speech. preparing iii.      What topic should I choose? Can I narrow down the topic into something manageable? What is my purpose? What are my goals? Who are my audience? It seems difficult to start but there are ways to handle this situation effectively. Here are some ways that can help you to select a topic:   Relate to your own experience Choose an interesting and a current topic or issue As a speaker. After you have decided on a topic.Effective Oral Presentation There are three important steps of an oral presentation: i. Brainstorming helps students to generate as many ideas as possible. consider the following questions as a guide. planning ii. interests and needs. First. As an example. Two ways of brainstorming for ideas are idea mapping and listing. This would provide directions for you to move forward successfully. Therefore. you must ensure that you have a clear purpose and set goals. delivering Step 1 Planning an oral presentation Here are simple rules that students can follow as they plan for an oral presentation.

This technique encourages us to have a free flow of unlimited ideas before we develop the ideas further. Painful experience Luxury operation Wasting money Plastic surgery Benefits of Plastic Surgery Boost confidence Help accident victims Correct deform from birth ii. Listing This method of brainstorming requires us to list all the ideas in our mind. Do not worry if you do not see the connection of your ideas. You can make other mappings and go into details before you choose the most effective ideas for your presentation. Idea mapping This method of brainstorming can be developed in many directions. An example of idea mapping. 42 .i.

Ignore rules and regulations on the road Task 3 Brainstorming In 5 minutes. 6. 5. 43 . 3. 1. Step 1: 1. Impatience 6. Selfish 7. 1. Endanger other drivers 3. Negative attitude on the road 2. List as many topics as you can. write down as many topics as you can for a presentation. 8. Choose ONE method of brainstorming and focus on it. Unhappy 3. Reckless driving 4. 7. Egoistic 5. Stress at work/home 2. MPP election Health Unemployment Road bully Instant millionaire Time management Animal cruelty Technology Step 2: Narrow it down to causes of road bully. Show the exploration of the topic clearly.An example of listing. 2. Insensitive to others 4. Disrespect other drivers Step 3: Focus on impatience. 4.

An example of an outline Specific Purpose: To inform people of the advantages of going holiday abroad. Main Points: 1. There are two ways to organise your ideas and they are using a tree diagram and outlining. 3. A tree diagram consists of short notes and this will make it easier for the speaker to remember the main ideas during presentation. Tree diagram This diagram displays an effective visual of the relationship between the points and its purposes. i. you need to prepare an outline to organise your ideas. Organization is essential so as to make your presentation attractive and clear. 2. Learn the culture of various people in other countries 44 .After you have completed generating ideas. To do this. Taste food from different countries. Outlining This method will help us to develop the body of the speech for the presentation. This will keep your audience alert and your presentation will be interesting as you deliver the content effectively. Therefore we need to choose and select the points carefully so that the ideas are relevant to make our presentation successful. An example of a tree diagram Holiday Abroad Shopping Tasting New Food Meeting New Friends ii. the next important task is to organize the ideas. You should include not more than four points for a short speech. Meet new friends and exchange views and experiences.

________________________________________ 2. 1. ________________________________________ Main Points: 3. ________________________________________ 2. Specific Purpose: Main Points: To inform the audience about social etiquette. ________________________________________ 2. 1. ________________________________________ 3. Specific Purpose: To inform the audience that open burning is hazardous. 45 . ________________________________________ 2. Specific Purpose: To inform the audience that great teachers are born. not made. ________________________________________ 3. Present your ideas in the form of a tree diagram or an outline. ________________________________________ Main Points: Task 5 Idea mapping State a specific purpose for a speech and give three main ideas. 1. 1. ________________________________________ 3.A Task 4 Identifying main points Write the main points that are appropriate to support the specific purpose given.

   Task 6 i. a controversial point. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 46 . you need to have a good introduction or an opening statement so that you can capture the attention of the audience immediately. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ii." You could begin with a current event: "You might have read in the papers this morning about the brutal murder of …. a famous quote.  The opening statement should seek the immediate attention of the audience. a van pulled out in front of me…. an anecdote. Provide three examples of effective opening statements. a question. This can be in the form of a startling statement or statistic. "How many of you feel our society spends too much on beauty care?" might be a way to begin a presentation about cutting costs. "Two weeks ago as I was driving to work. Here are some tips to help you in your preparation." A question is another way to make people listen. Listeners pay close attention when a person begins with. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ iii. an eye-catching visual or a story.Step 2 Preparing an oral presentation Writing the introduction As a speaker. Learn to introduce your speech effectively as this is the ‗wow‘ factor in your speech that will make your audience continue to listen.

4. Preview in the beginning what your main points will be. The main objective of this activity is to capture the attention of the audience. have two or three supporting details such as provide relevant examples. You need to communicate your ideas as clearly as possible. Bar graphs are best for comparisons and pie graphs are best for showing distribution of percentages. do not have more than three or four main points. or understand a financial goal. Then. 47 . The following is an example of an outline with a central idea. 3. Structure your speech. Relate to the audience‘s experience Narrate a story Pose relevant questions Begin with current events or statistics Developing the content The content of your speech should be well developed and organised. With each point. Introduce the central idea first. Main Point 1 Supporting Details A. Line graphs are best for trends. present the main points and develop each point with supporting details so as to ensure that the audience understand well. concept. The shortage of English language teachers is seriously affecting the examination results in rural schools. Central Idea: The Ministry of Education‘s immediate solutions to its problems are to deal with the shortage of English language teachers and the difficulty of learning Maths and Science in English language in rural schools. main points and supporting details.Task 7 Introducing your speech Write a brief introduction of your speech using the guidelines below. Parents do not send their children to tuition classes. 2. Visual aids are important when you want your audience to understand a process. definitions. Topic:Unemployment 1. present testimony or current statistics. Ideally.

48 . Students do not understand English language well. English is a boring subject. live in a rural area. B. Remember that your conclusion should leave the audience with further food for thought. 2. 1. „In three words I can sum up everything I've learned about life. cannot afford the expensive tuition fees. It goes on. It must be noted that as a speaker. Therefore. 2.” Remember to say ―Thank you very much” at the end. lose interest to learn. you might end a speech on becoming a better speaker with. Difficult subjects in schools. 2. People remember best what you say last. 1. Leave the audience with positive memories of the speech. teachers do not motivate students in classrooms. Conclusion A common conclusion will be to summarize your main points. can survive without knowing English. Main Point 2 Some difficulties faced by students from rural schools who are learning Maths and Science in the English language.1. you need to establish your credibility as a knowledgeable as well as a sincere speaker. "As Robert Frost once said. 1. you need to tell the audience the source of your expertise and you should add depth to your evidence. cannot score well in examinations. As an example. 2.‟ Do not end your speech with “That‟s it” or ―That‟s all I have to say. have difficulty to understand the instructions. Supporting Details A. Students are not keen to learn the target language. This is to show your sincere appreciation for your audience presence and attention and it signals the audience to applaud. B.

Hmmm… aaaahh…. Use your knowledge of the world to give your presentation a ‗BANG! Avoid reading your notes as this will bore the audience. While practising.g. Deliver your ideas confidently and with style. you need to work on your body language as well as your voice projection. 49 . The following are some tips for you to consider so as to make your oral presentation effective and attractive. It is advisable to practice in front of your peers so that they can provide constructive feedback on the following details:         body posture facial expressions body gestures eye contact pronunciation pace and intonation voice projection clarity of your voice Do not memorise your notes but try to remember the key words. Before delivering your oral presentation:     Dress appropriately Relax and take a few deep breaths to calm yourself Be confident and believe in yourself Focus on your message and communicate it clearly Things to avoid during your oral presentation:      Reading from prepared text Excessive hand movements and gestures Distracting body positions. movements and postures Long pauses Too many fillers e.Step 3 Delivering an oral presentation Practice! Practice! Practice! Adequate practice will boost your confidence.

They have sent back startling images of churning atmospheres.  Speaking too fast Monotonous tone Things to do during oral presentation:  Maintain eye contact  Speak with clarity and confidence  Be natural and spontaneous  Be lively and smile  Include effective visual presentations when and where appropriate and relevant  Monitor your time to avoid panic attack! Task 8 List as many spacecrafts as possible and be prepared to share with your friends in the class. Uranus and Neptune. Saturn. these two intrepid probes have visited all the gas giants – Jupiter. complex ring systems 5 50 . Originally designed to study only Jupiter and Saturn. (b) think about the answer to this question – What are the purpose(s) of the two space probes? Voyagers 1 and 2 1 The twin spacecraft Voyagers 1 and 2 have transformed our understanding of the outer solar system. READING As you read the passage below: (a) try to guess the meanings of words that are new to you.

NASA plans to keep in contact with the Voyagers for the next 20 to 30 years. 2 After 20 years and more than 7 billion miles (11 billion km). It could be millions of years before either spacecraft drifts into another planetary system and is perhaps picked up by intelligent life [Source: Space Missions: From Sputnik to SpaceShip One.000 years from now. they will travel for some 24. Now. a star in the constellation of the Little Bear. it will be tens of thousands of years before either craft reaches another star. Voyager 1 will pass less than a lightyear from AC+793888. they continue to report from the edge of the solar system. as the Voyagers head for the stars. After both Voyagers break through the heliopause. and assuming that nothing collides with them.000 miles per hour. Please refer to your dictionary and provide the ‗appropriate‘ definition of each word in the context of the passage. About 40. According to present calculations. But even at speeds of more than 35. The history of space flight] 10 3 15 4 20 5 25 6 30 Task 9 Given below are some words taken from the passage above and do the following: a.and exotic moons. some of which are large enough to be worlds in their own right. the distant region where the solar wind finally dies away.036. Using this data. Both spacecraft continue to return data from their studies of the solar wind – the stream of charged particles emitted by the Sun. the area on the edge of the solar system where comets are thought to originate. scientists hope to investigate the heliopause. the Voyagers will enter true interstellar space. which is expected to happen in 2014. 51 . After that. Beyond the Oort Cloud. Voyager 1 is currently travelling into the outer solar system at a rate of about 324 million miles (520 million km) per year.000 years before they reach the Oort Cloud. which is when their nuclear power packs are expected to run down. Voyager 2 should arrive in the vicinity of the bright star Sirius in the year 296. the probes will continue on their journey to the stars. the Voyager space probes are still in fairly good shape.

c. Identify the part of speech (noun.b. Write a sentence using the given word a) Definition: _____________________________________________________ b) Part of speech: _____________________________________________________ c) Sentence: _____________________________________________________ 1 head 2 report a) Definition: b) Part of speech: c) Sentence: wind a) Definition: b) Part of speech: c) Sentence: 4 break a) Definition: b) Part of speech: c) Sentence: 52 . adjective. verb and adverb) of the word.

5 pass a) Definition: b) Part of speech: c) Sentence: _____________________________________________________ Task 10 Read the passage again and answer the following questions. Will the probes travel through space forever? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 5. When are the probes expected to break through the region where the solar wind finally dies away? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 53 . What were the initial aims of sending out Voyagers 1 and 2 into space? ___________________________________________________________ 2. 1. Can scientists in NASA keep in contact with the Voyagers after 30 years? Why? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 4. Are the two space probes travelling in the same direction? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 3.

6. 1 Simple Future Tense 2 Present A) Structure will/shall + the base form of the main verb B) Examples a. 4. 3. A) Structure 54 . LANGUAGE FOCUS Talking About the Future There are several ways of expressing about the future in English. Where is the area in which comets are thought to originate? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 7. Be prepared to share your opinions with the class. discuss the following questions. Do you know of any satellites that are orbiting the earth presently? What functions do they have? Do you know of any spacecrafts (other than Voyagers 1 and 2) that have been deployed in space to study the various planets and the solar system? How do you think studies in space affect our lives on earth? How do you think a settlement in space for man will be like? 2. I shall introduce a new source of energy tomorrow. 1. Do you think there is intelligent life ‗out there‘? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Task 11 In small groups. b. Given below are four ways in which one can talk about future actions or what will happen in the future. It will take a few years before the new space shuttle is ready.

Simple present tense ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. c. Present Continuous Tense ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 3.Continuous Tense 3 4 Auxiliary be + Verb+ing B) Examples a. I am going to wait for the hybrid car. b. b. I leave for NASA on Saturday.. I am receiving the fuel efficient car next week. ‗Be going to‘ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 55 . The countdown starts tonight. Simple Future Tense _________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. No! The rocket is damaged. 1. ‗Be going to‘ A) Structure Auxiliary be + going to + the base form of the main verb B) Examples a. It is going to explode! Task 12 Write 3 sentences using each of the 4 ways of expressing the future as explained above. Oh. Simple A) Structure present (Please refer to Unit 1) tense B) Examples a. They are launching the rocket on Monday.

We (3) _________________ (plan) to compete aggressively in the brave new small-car world if we want to succeed. Our partners around the world such as Wuling in China. b. a different type of small car is developed. even as the volume change.S. Underline the relevant words or phrases that help to express the future. research has suggested the U. however. Task 14 For each blank below choose the right form of the verbs given in the brackets The Road Ahead (by Bob Lutz) 1 In other parts of the world. 56 . 5 2 10 3 15 20 4 People still have a need for trucks in America and. impending Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulatory changes (4) _________________ (affect) the composition of the U.Task 13 Read the passage at the beginning of this unit again and do the following: a. and at GM we are. People still (6) __________________ (buy) them for work. I‘m a believer. there will be a place for all types of vehicles in the market. And that (1) ______________ (explain) the very low costs of some of these vehicles. elsewhere. (2) _________________ (help) us to do just that. one lacking many premium features such as multiple airbags. traction control. and our own global brands like Chevrolet. antilock braking systems. fleet. Until then. Certainly. to lesser extent. To be successful. But that doesn‘t mean there will be a small-car craze that will envelop a market like the United States. a company has to be prepared to address both types of market.S. including markets where some people buy cars for the first time. Identify the sentences that express the future. entertainment and power everything. fleet won‘t come to resemble what‘s on European roads until fuel prices (5) __________________ (climb) well above $10 per gallon.

unless they suddenly (8) _______________ (decide) to haul tiny little horse trailers carrying tiny little horses. There is and will be room for green and mean. that doesn‘t mean it (10)_________________ (shut) down the meat counter. or tiny little pickup trucks. after all.People still want them to haul boats and horse trailers. [Source: Newsweek 2008] 1 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D explain explains will explain is explaining helps will help are helping has helped plan planned are planning have planned affect will affect is affecting is going to affect climb will climb will be climbing is going to climb buy bought will buy are going to buy 25 30 2 3 4 5 6 57 . Just because a grocery store (9)__________________ (expand) its line of organically grown vegetables. Not everyone (7) ____________________ (be .go) switch to very small cars. The global automotive market is a big place. 5 And there will still be a desire for high-performance vehicles like the Chevrolet Corvette ZR1.

7 A B C D A B C D A B C D is going to are going to was going to were going to decide will decide is deciding are deciding expand expands is expanding are expanding 8 9 10 A B C D shut shuts will shut are shutting 58 .

Discuss with your friends how you think a home will be like in a settlement on the moon. scientists could test the equipment and techniques vital to making the significant technological advances demanded for sending astronauts to Mars more than a decade from now. Mr Bush will unveil plans to create a permanent science base for people on the moon. T US Plans Moon Settlement Before Heading on to Mars The US president. aides say. something. This is usually done by using lots of descriptive language and details. some place or an event in such a way that helps the readers to imagine or picture (rather than just tells) that which you are describing. place. In an attempt to reinvigorate the space programme. or event in such a way that the reader can visualize it or enter into your experience or imagination. Once there. NASA is having a contest describing a settlement on the moon.DESCRIPTIVE WRITING In descriptive writing the main aim is to describe someone. with a view to sending humans to Mars. will announce plans next week to build a human settlement on the moon. In celebrating its 50th Anniversary (2008). George Bush. Task 15 Above is an excerpt from a newspaper report back in the year 2005. still reeling from last year's Columbia shuttle tragedy. thing. In other words your writing should vividly portray the person. You may want to start by considering the following aspects: Shape Materials used Amenities Air and water supply 59 .

Entertainment Furniture

Task 16 You have decided to send an entry to the contest by NASA. Write an essay in about 150 -200 words, describing how you think a settlement on the moon will be or look like. You may even want to send some sketches of the settlement.

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Task 17 Prepare and present a speech to the whole class. You are free to choose your own topic. Other members of the class will evaluate the speaker and provide feedback.

Task 18 Surf the internet and find information regarding the following: a) b) c) Alternative sources of power for cars (to replace petroleum). Future application and role of computers. How a house of the future may look like

SUMMARY
Tick here if you have understood

Main Skills Listening

Sub Skills Understand texts Identify main ideas Identify supporting ideas Understand language forms Oral Presentation Skills a) Planning b) Preparing c) Delivering Know meaning of words and phrases Identify parts of speech Descriptive writing Ways to describe objects Ways to describe people Future Tense Different types of future tense

Notes

Speaking

Reading

Writing

Grammar

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SELF ASSESSMENT
Test 1 Prepare and give a speech. Get your partner to use the evaluation form to gauge your performance. Test 2 Write sample sentences in the future tense. You can combine them to form a paragraph.

REFERENCES Azar, B. S. (2000). Basic English grammar. New Jersey: Pearson Education. Barker, A. (2007). Improve your communication skills. (2nd ed.). London: Kogan Page. Beebe, A. S. & Beebe, J. S. (1997).Public speaking: An audience centred approach. New York: Allyn and Bacon. Mehmet, C. (2001). Teaching English intonation to ESL/EFL students. Ankara, Turkey: Hacettepe University.

ANSWER KEY
Task 1 Listen to the tape and answer the following questions.Here‘s the script you were listening to. Tapescript

DJ Mr Lee

DJ

Hello, Miss Lee. I hear that ‗Mega Science TV‘ is screening science fiction movies every Sunday next month. Yes, we are going to whet the appetites of so many fans of science fiction. As you know, until man has conquered every corner of the known universe, man will always be fascinated about what‘s there in space. This fascination has been nurtured since young and for many people, the craze for sci-fi movies remain until adulthood. Why are these movies classified as science fiction?

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rather like mainstream science. science fiction movie is a movie genre. But ‗Star Trek‘ has also been made into serials. time travel. we turned ‗Robocop‘ and ‗The Jurassic Park‘ into episodes as they are too long. I hope sci-fi movie buffs will enjoy the four Sundays next month. ‗The Jurassic Park‘ is also screened as episodes. It is speculative. As you know. I watch ‗Star Trek‘ movies and ‗Robocop‘. This is recent as it‘s from the 21st century. Yes. It is not mainstream science. each movie will be screened full length. there are spacecraft. including ‗Highlander‘. these are multi-episodic movies. So. So what movies are you going to screen this month? We are definitely showing ‗AVATAR‘. and here man is the exploiter. Then there‘ll be a James Bond movie. Thank you Miss Lee for a most enlightening view of what science fiction movie fans will see on ‗Mega Science TV‘ next month. What makes this four-Sunday movie screening event unique? Well. science-based depictions of phenomena. robots. Our long running one is ‗Star Trek: Voyager‘. What are other science fiction movies turned into serials on TV? We are still screening ‗Transformers‘ weekly. Yes. As you know.Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Mr Lee DJ Well. about 172 episodes. Of course. That must be ‗Moonraker‘? Yes. Is there a 1990‘s movie? We‘ll screen ‗Armageddon‘ and ‗Total Recall‘ from the 1990‘s. and other technologies. The same goes for ‗Back to the Future‘. you‘re right. humans are forever seeking resources. How does it differ from mainstream science? There‘ll be extraterrestrial life forms and alien worlds. the one with the plot of global genocide using a space shuttle from the 1970‘s. remember? I think you also screen ‗Robocop‘ and ‗The Jurassic Park‘? Yes. ‗Mega Science TV‘ normally screens multi-episodic science fiction movies and also serials. and other futuristic elements. 63 .

you may find many examples beside Voyagers 1 and 2. we head for the river for the night. a) Definition: have completed or reached b) Part of speech: verb c) Sentence: They pass the checkpoint without any problem. a) Definition: give a verbal statement or account of a situation b) Part of speech: verb c) Sentence: You have to report to your supervisor immediately. 2 report 3 wind 4 break 5 pass 64 . a) Definition: going through b) Part of speech: verb c) Sentence: She breaks into the room quickly. a) Definition: one of nature‘s elements b) Part of speech: Noun c) Sentence: You have to be careful of the strong wind in this weather. for example.Task 8 Here.. Sputnik. Task 9 1 head a) Definition: going to or heading to b) Part of speech: verb c) Sentence: To save time.

Any logical opinion is acceptable. Yes. Task 12 Any sentence is acceptable as long as it is grammatical and serves a particular function. they are. 2. 2. 6. Task 13 a. 2. B C C B A A B 65 . 5. Example: After that. 3.Task 10 1.(Lines 17-18) Phrases like will continue Task 14 1. Task 11 1. After 24. and assuming that nothing collides with them. 4. They were designed to study only Jupiter and Saturn Yes. It helps us to understand nature. 4. 6. b. they can still keep in contact with them provided they are not destroyed by collision with space objects. 4. 3. 3. At present. 7. it started with the Apollo series. Yes. 7. 5.000 years Oort Cloud It is a possibility. the probes will continue on their journey to the stars. Initially. they will. Malaysian satellite‘s Measat is in the space for communication purposes.

10.8. A B C 66 . 9.

listen for main and supporting ideas. For 67 . Likewise. read and identify the main ideas and supporting details in the text.UNIT 3 TECH SAVVY LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of the unit. CONTENT Speech Acts Learning Points Speech acts are things we do through language (Nunan. This means that meaning is literally presented or inferred (Thornbury. Speech acts can be a direct or an indirect use of functional language. Can you turn on the radio? is a request for someone to do something. to question and to test our assumptions. 4. identify the main ideas in a paragraph to paraphrase. 1999). We use language to convey our thoughts and ideas. we are apologizing for something. when we say I am sorry. and to explore meaning. you should be able to: 1. 3. As an example. manage discussions using the correct forms and functions. views and opinions and to express our feelings and attitudes. 2. We also use language to make sense of and confirm our understanding. 2006).

It is advisable not to use colloquial or informal language during such transactions. ii.example. require more formal language forms. i. Is the discussion of a personal nature? Are you being interviewed for a job? In each of 68 . in replacement of the direct use of the statement. business transactions. these factors need to be considered to ensure meaningful and effective speech acts. but also an understanding of key communication factors (Mc Carthy and Walsh. Generally. or what you have to say. Context Context involves understanding the situation and knowing your rights and responsibilities in any discussion in which you may be participating. and providing information in oral presentations for example. Goal which answers the question ―What is the main purpose of the conversation?” Context which answers the question ―What is the nature and situation of the conversation? “ Relationship of speakers which answers the question ―Who am I speaking with?” Goal Goal refers to the purpose of the conversation. seriously. speech acts in formal situations which involve making negotiations. the statement It‟s hot in here may be inferred as a request for someone to switch on the fan. However. What are the key communication factors which need to be taken into consideration each time you use English in your daily conversations? The following guidelines will provide helpful hints in making appropriate choices and forms of English language in various situations. In communication.Can you switch on the fan? Participating effectively in conversations not only requires knowledge of grammar. You may even want to continue telling more of the story. Is the conversation about making a serious decision? Is the conversation casual and jovial? Take the following statement for example: You've got to be joking! In a serious conversation this statement would mean that the person does not take you. the statement means that the person finds what you have to say amusing. if this comment was given during a lunch break while you were telling a funny story. iii. This is obviously a bad sign and calls for you to explain your position in detail. 2003).

you are speaking with a person of authority. on the other hand. What about asking your brother for help? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 69 . certain speech conventions must be adhered to. If. This includes factors such as relative status and familiarity (Thornbury. Forms of Speech Acts Task 1 The table below provides samples of the language forms which you can use in your daily conversation for specific speech acts. Friends and colleagues use more informal language with each other. On the other hand. you will probably need to use more formal language. Speech Act Informing (to request for or to give information) Language Form     Persuading     Suggesting      Could you tell me ___________________? Do you know _______________________? I‘d like to know _____________________ __________________________________ Please _____________________________ I would be much obliged if _____________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Why don't you / we go to the movies? Let's go to the travel agent's this afternoon. Relationship between Speakers The type of language you use depends on the relationship between you and the speaker.these instances personal conversations allow for freedom of speech. or is he/she your employer? Do you have a friendly relationship with this person? Is joking allowed? Generally. Is the person you are speaking with a subordinate. Try adding more examples. if you are being interviewed for a job. informal situations require informal language use. 2005).

He has been such a good friend. I shouldn‘t have done that. This is a fantastic book. Would you mind? May I _____________________________? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Asking permission      70 . I would like a cup of tea please. __________________________________ __________________________________ Apologizing      I‘m sorry. ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Please can I ________________________? I have to leave for home.Requesting      Can you please mail the letter? Please take me to the clinic. I would like to apologise ______________ __________________________________ __________________________________ Complaining      I would like to complain about ___________ I am not satisfied with _________________ I‘m afraid I‘m not happy with ____________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Complementing      You look pretty in that new dress. Please accept my apologies.

identify the language function. I‘ll help you out.Offering help or advice       Can I help? Don‘t worry. (Function: ______________________________________________) Aina: No….. That is not necessarily so. (Function: ______________________________________________) 71 . I think you should ____________________ It would be better if __________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ I think you are right. It is not as simple as it seems. Situation 1 Aina : You look lovely in this one! (Function: Complementing) Siew Ai : Do you think so? I like the blue one better.This is more becoming. __________________________________ __________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Agreeing and disagreeing         Expressing disappointment Giving and responding to opinions    Expressing disbelief    A Task 2 : For each situation. It suits you.

(Function: ______________________________________________) Situation 2 Mel: Hi Chris. Which film shall we see? (Function: __________________________________________________) Chris: Let's see "Action Man 4". Do you have any ideas? (Function: __________________________________________________) Chris: Why don't we see a film? (Function: __________________________________________________) Mel: That sounds good to me. What shall we do? (Function: _________________________________________________) Mel: I don't know. When is it on? (Function: __________________________________________________) Mel: It's on at 8 o'clock at the Rex. I don't like violent films. How about going to "Mad Doctor Brown"? I hear it's quite a funny film. would you like to do something with me this weekend? Chris: Sure. What about going to that new Italian restaurant ‗Mama Macaroni '? 72 . that sounds great. Let's go see that. (Function: __________________________________________________) Chris: OK. (Function: __________________________________________________) Mel: I'd rather not. Shall we have a bite before the film? (Function: __________________________________________________) Chris: Sure.Siew Ai: Alright. I‘ll trust you on this.

(ii) giving/responding to opinions. He can’t really mean that. Did you hear that? It would be wise if you think it over first. I think so too. Oops! I didn’t mean to do that. Complaining about things. Mel: Bye. I'll see you at six. I fancy your shoes. We were unhappy with the way we were treated. (Function: __________________________________________________) Chris: OK. Can I join the trip? Do you need anything? I don’t think you have to go to that extent. Do take caution. (iv) asking for permission. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 73 . Bye. You should visit your parents often. Gosh! How awful! What a pity! This isn’t what I had expected! The idea sounds good. (iii) offering help or advice. That’s very kind of you. Sorry for the delay. and (v) apologizing for something? May I leave early? I am displeased with the courier services. I believe you can do it. A Task 3 Which of the expressions in the box below are used for (i) complaining about things. I‘m sorry. I couldn’t agree with you more.(Function: __________________________________________________) Mel: Great idea! Let's meet there at six.

Students become……………………… Changes in …………………………… 74 . Part 1 What are the advantages of CALL? i) ii) iii) Generate……………………………….Giving/ responding to opinions. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ LISTENING A Task 4: Listen to the talk on the advantages of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL). Answer the following questions as you listen for the second time. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Asking for permission. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Apologizing for something. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Offering help or advice.

They are met by their friend Swee Pee. yourself. One of them plans to get a new netbook. …………………………………. Situation: Azaize and Lyla are the University‘s LRT Station. Part 2 Appropriately implemented network-based technology contributes to: i) ii) iii) iv) v) …………………………………. …………………………………. Where are you girls heading to? (To ask for information) : Hi. (To praise) We‘re going to Low Yat Plaza. ………………………………… SPEAKING Sample Conversation Read the following conversation between three friends. (To greet) Both of you are all dressed up. Swee Pee : Hi Azaize. …………………………………. Layla? (To seek for clarification) 75 Swee Pee Azaize Swee Pee . (To greet) Azaize and Lyla Azaize : You look good. I urgently need a new one. : Are you getting one too. I‘ve got loads of assignment and the due dates are just around the corner. (To give information) : Low Yat? Getting a new PC? (To ask for information) : Yeah. hi Lyla.iv) Promote……………………………….

Is it fast? (To inquire) : Of course. By the way. Do you know much about computers? (To seek for clarification) : A little. (To clarify) I saw the New Alpha Swift on my friend‘s Facebook and it‘s quite popular in the market. why not. Azaize. (To accept an invitation) I‘ve always wanted to get an external hard drive. Not only are its features recommendable. Would you like to come along? (To invite) : Yeah.66 GHz Intel mega and 554 processor. The Swift is powered by the Intel Mega N600 dual core processor. The 1. That‘s why I asked Lyla to come along with me to Low Yat. Are you getting a desk top or a laptop? (To seek for clarification) : She told me she wants to get a netbook and I told her there are some new ones just launched at Low Yat. : What about its speed. Some of them are really awesome. I‘m just accompanying Azaize. (To explain) : That‘s right. The N600 processor has been given a speed increase. The 4G thumb drive which I have is nearly used up. A friend of mine posted some sleek and stylish ones on her Facebook. it also comes with a Swee Pee Lyla Swee Pee Azaize Swee Pee Lyla Swee Pee Azize Lyla 76 .5GHz x 2 processor also supports hyperthreading (To explain) : Wow! That‘s marvelous! : We can also have a look at the New Sonata NB606. (To agree) : Really? I don‘t know much about computers.Lyla : Nope. It has 1024 x 600 pixel display and it‘s powered by 1.

There are blue. 2. it must also be within my budget too. Practice making suggestions in the following situations: Help your partner decide which item to buy. Warn your partner against doing something stupid. Sample conversation: Amira Bella Amira Bella : Should I buy the blue or the purple hand phone? : I think you should buy the purple one. : The New Alpha Swift is also fitted with a 6 dry cell as well. (To express gratitude) Let‘s go and check out both machines. Suggest doing charity work together during the weekend. Besides the features. brown and turquoise. orange. : Why is that? : Because purple is more trendy. Help your partner make up his/her mind on taking up a job offer. 3. (To give details) Azaize Lyla : That‘s interesting. 77 .range of colourful lid options. 5. Swee Pee Azaize Task 5 1. The Sonata comes with a 6 dry cell. But I need a netbook with a lasting battery. : Not a problem. red. You can use it up till 6 hours. Suggest that your partner change his/her plans on an overseas trip. green. 4. : I‘m glad both of you can come along with me.

printers.Task 6 Here are some role plays for you to practice your speech acts. Monitor not included . Answer student A's questions using the following information:    Two special offers: Multimedia Monster . Call JA Computer World and ask for the following information:     Current special offers on computers Computer configuration (RAM. Discuss the following information with your customer:    New line of office supplies including: stationery. Monitor included – RM 4.000 and Office Taskmaster .cheaper CPU. You are entertaining a customer who you think might be interested in buying your new line of office supplies. 1 Year guarantee on all computers Discount of 5% for orders of more than five computers Role Play 2: Selling your product Student A You are a salesperson for Ready Company. 256 RAM. 64 RAM. digital cameras. mouse-pads and white boards. CPU) Guarantee Possibility of discount for an order of six computers Student B You work at JA Computer World. 10 GB Hard Drive. scanners. Role Play 1: Requesting for Product Information Student A You need to purchase six new computers for your office.with latest Pentium CPU. Hard Drive.RM4500. You know the customer has not ordered any new products during this past year Special discount of 15% for orders placed before next Monday 78 . 40 GB Hard Drive.

it is important to use an introductory phrase to soften the request. (sounds too demanding) Sorry to bother you. Ask your friend to repeat something. Ask your friend to download a video clip from U. Ask your friend to give the web address. Include details and give a variety of responses. 1. Talk about the following:    Printers. You are very interested in what the salesperson has to offer.Tube. 2. scanners Do they have any special offers? You would like to place an order for 200 packages of copy paper Task 7 Asking for permission is very similar to asking for favours. 3. Would you mind helping me for a minute? (better) Role play the following situations with a friend. could you lend me your pen-drive? (more polite) Help me fix my PC. Any order placed before Monday will not only receive the discount. but also have its company‘s logo printed on the products at no extra charge Student B You work in an office and you need some new office supplies. sounds rude) Excuse me. In most cases. 79 . when you ask someone to do something for you. Examples: Lend me your pen-drive! (too abrupt. 4. Ask your friend to help you print something. I'm having trouble with my PC.

1. The English Language Panel has just completed writing a revision E-Book for the Form Five students. 4. and learning styles of Net Gen students reflect the environment in which they were raised. Your school principal wants you to prepare a power point presentation for some visitors from Korea. Ask the principal what he/she wants to be included in the presentation. All of you decided to meet the lecturer concerned. 2. Apologize to a customer for a mistake your friend made while performing maintenance operation on her computer. The aptitudes. While waiting for the semester to reopen. the Internet. expectations. One generation's technology is taken for granted by the next. discuss which would be the most effective decision for each of the following situations. READING Reading about current trends in technology The Net Generation has grown up with information technology. online resources. attitudes. The ‗E. and instantaneous access are simply the way things are done. Computers. Your group members have not completed their individual task and would require an additional week to complete it. 80 . Role play the situations and present it to the class. Decide on a suitable name for the E-book.poster‘ group assignment is due tomorrow. You have just started teaching for two months.Task 8: Role play In groups. you worked part time as a technical assistant in a computer company. 3.

if you ask Net Gen learners what technology they use. you will often get a blank stare. When asked about technology. a cell phone with standard features was not. students' definitions centered on new technologies. What we might 10 consider "new technology. not a technology. The reverse is actually true.Reading Make notes on you know about the following internet. novel. However. Student satisfaction with online learning exemplifies our assumptions 20 about online learning. convenience and 30 2 3 4 81 . instant messaging wasn't considered a technology. 15 Students often use the word "talk" when they describe text messaging or instant messaging. Older students (Matures and Baby Boomers) are much more likely to be satisfied with fully Web-based courses than are 25 traditional-age students. PART 1 1 It is an almost instinctive assumption to believe that Net Gen students will want to use IT heavily in their education. For example. not to interact with them online. Traditional-age students often say they came to college to work with faculty and other students. In general. The activity enabled is more important to the Net Gen than the technology behind it. or customizable—all part of the Net Gen's definition of technology. are not thought of as technology by students. Older learners tend to be less interested in the social aspects of learning. For example." such as blogs or wikis. it enables certain activities to occur. they think in terms of the activity technology enables.Pre. but it is not new.based services:  Blogging  Podcasting  Photo sharing  Wikis  Social Bookmarking  Video Sharing Read the passages below and complete the tasks. as illustrated by a study from the University of Central Florida. it seems reasonable to expect that they would have a strong preference for Web-based courses. a cell phone with a new feature was considered technology. They don't think in terms of technology. Since Net Geners spend so much of their time online. the Net Gen views the 5 Internet as an access tool—a medium for distribution of resources rather than a resource with limitations. IMing is treated as a verb—it is an action. they certainly do in their personal lives. The reason relates to the Net Gen desire to be connected with people and to be social as well as their expectations of higher education. Software blends into the background.

face-to-face interactions are ranked by all students in either first or second place. 5 In response to a student technology survey the majority of students preferred a moderate amount of IT in their classes. 6 A Task 9 Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage above? Write TRUE if the statement agrees with the information. Older learners tend to be extremely interested in the social aspects of learning. 5. 2. For example. convenience. Using technology to increase customization. Technology that enables certain types 40 of activities is likely to be appreciated. The implication is that colleges and universities should not assume that more technology is necessarily better. 6. and collaboration is well received. Face-to-face interactions are becoming very popular amongst the students. however. They also want face-toface interaction. Students nowadays have a strong preference for Web-based courses. Statements Net Gen students usually opt to use IT heavily in their education.flexibility are much more important. 8. Write FALSE if the statement contradicts the information. True/False 1. whether asynchronous or synchronous. 7. The majority of wireless network use. A cell phone with extra features will not attract Net Gen students Students often use the word talk when they are actually sending short messages. The integration of technology into most courses is not as deep as into students' personal lives. may be outside the academic realm. Net Gen students think in terms of the activities they can do with technology. however. year after year. wireless networking enables learner mobility and makes it possible to be constantly connected. 82 . 3. however. 4. its integration into most courses or curricula is not as deep as into students' personal lives. This replicates the results of 35 many distance education studies that show students often feel that something important to their learning is missing when all interactions are mediated.

Social ____________________sites typically let users develop a list of friends. He rarely goes to the library to check out books. A reminder pops up indicating that there will be a quiz in sociology today. another reminder lets him know that a lab report needs to be e-mailed to his chemistry professor by midnight. 83 . _____________________________ is a branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life.A Task 10 Complete each of the following sentences with information from the reading passage. usually he uses Google or Wikipedia. he (v)……………………………………. 3.has made on a project they're doing for their computer science class. educational. he'll review it while he sits with a group of students in the student union working on other projects. Several attempts to reach him are visible on the screen. The ________________________includes commercial. along with various postings to the blog he's been following. He then (ii)……………………………. as from one social group. He (iv) …………………………………….multiplayer game he's trying to win.. all of which use the same set of communications protocols. governmental. weather. The movement of people. Late that night as he's working on his term paper. After classes are over he has to go to the library because he can't find an online resource he needs for a project. A PART 2 Task 11: Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. he pulls up an eclectic mix of news. 1. 2. society. After a quick trip to the shower. class.(IMs) arrived while he slept. and other networks. A junior at the university. 4. or level to another is known as __________________________. After a few quick IMs with friends he (iii)……………………………….. and the environment. and sports on the home page he customized using Yahoo. Eric wakes up and (i)…………………………….

Eric uses the internet facilities to complete his work.e a. e. My sister is reading the information on the touch screen computer. Chandran and his friends are challenging each other in Avatar. thus he has got no friends. The new boy in my class is talking on his HTC mobile phone. 7. b. Read the following sentences. 4. 1. the headboy. d. The action words (main verbs) used are in the present participle form ending in –ing. I am watching Lady Gaga‘s latest video on Youtube. c. downloads yesterday's chemistry lecture to his laptop switches back and forth between the paper and the Internet-based peers at his PC to see how many instant messages logs on to his campus account pulls up a wiki to review progress a teammate 2. 6. I am having some problems with my keyboard. 3. Complete Eric‘s activities (i-v) with the correct phrases from a. 2. LANGUAGE FOCUS The Present Continuous or Present Progressive Tense The Present Continuous or Present Progressive Tense is used to describe an action that is currently in progress. Joe. Which of the following is a suitable title for the passage. Eric is a member of the Net Generation.1. c.com. d. 5. Eric does not lead a normal life. is typing on his laptop. a. 84 . the latest game on Play Station 3. Eric is goes crazy every morning because he is not organized. b. he's never known life without the Internet. Josiah and Amirul are downloading some images from Yahoo. he is always tormented by the internet.

Double the consonant and add –ing. x and y cannot be doubled. fix view copy paste delete align fixing ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ 7. 12. have have + ing having write write +ing writing One vowel + one consonant. 9. Do not double the consonant. 10. indent indent+ing indenting align align+ing aligning A Task 12: Write the –ing forms of the following verbs.Note: am. 85 . having. I need to format it before I could use it. is. 8. 1. w. justify scroll defragment format publish embed ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ A Task 13: Fill in the blanks with the correct –be verb+ ing. read read+ing reading download download+ing downloading Rule 4 : Two consonants. typing. 1 2. Zulhelmi ____________________ (copy) the file into his external hard disc drive. watching. reading. Basic rules Rule 1 : If a verb ends with a consonant e. I am formatting (format) this CD. downloading and challenging are the main verbs in the present participle form. Do not double the last consonant. Drop the –e and add –ing. talking. 6. are are the auxiliary or helping verbs. 11. 4. 2. begin begin+ing beginning run run+ing running Rule 2 : Rule 3 : Two vowels + one consonant. 3. 5.

86 . The twins ____________________ (save) all the files into the CD before sending the computer for repair. The students ____________________ (view) the latest netbook in the market. We ___________________________ Google. 4. I ____________________ (publish) my ―Save the world‖ video on Youtube. 5. I want to share it with the rest of the world. He ____________________ (scroll) the screen for the latest information on Egypt. I ___________________________ my parents to get me the latest Play Station for my birthday. The students‘ ___________________________ attentively to the instructor who is explaining how to create a movie. My father ___________________________his document on Google Doc. We want to use them for our e-poster. 6. A Task 14: Fill the blanks with the most suitable phrases. He wants it to look neat. He can share the document with his colleague on Google. James Raj ____________________ (justify) the document. 8.com for some pictures. 1. She needs it for her assignment. 2. 3.3. 5. 4. Sue ___________________________ some articles on ProQuest. 7. They ____________________(embed) songs and pictures in their presentation slides.com.

he isn‘t. 7. 87 . 6. he is buying an i-pad./No. No. 3./Yes. 5. delete the phrase ____________________________________________________________ download the video ____________________________________________________________ embed the song ____________________________________________________________ clean up the temporary C: file ____________________________________________________________ buy an external hard disk ____________________________________________________________ format the CD ____________________________________________________________ name the file ____________________________________________________________ publish ______on Youtube ____________________________________________________________ The Present Continuous/Progressive Tense – Questions Read the following questions and the answers. 2. No. he isn‘t buying an i-pad. they aren‘t doing their assignment at the cyber café downstairs. Are they doing their assignment at the cyber café downstairs? Yes they are/ Yes. 4. 2. Is Jamal buying an i-pad? Yes.A Task 15 1. Use the Present Continuous to describe the following actions. they are doing their assignment at the cyber café downstairs. 1. they aren‘t / No. 8. he is.

I am buying the latest Blackberry Storm. No. I am not/ No. Question : ________Tamilselvi ______________ to post the invitation on the wall of her Facebook? (be___plan) Answer : _________________________________________________ 88 . 1 Make questions and give short answers to your questions. I am/ Yes. 3. Question : Are you buying the latest Blackberry Storm? (be___buy). Question : ________Salmi and Chloe Lim ______________ with their friends on Yahoo. Answer : Yes.A Task 16 Eg.com? (be___chat) Answer : _________________________________________________ 6. Answer : __________________________________________________ 2. Question : __________ the ―Flood‖ document into the D: File? (be___save). Question : ________the girls ______________ the drama on the computer? (be___view) Answer : 5. Question : __________ Farid and Johnny __________ competing in the ―Video Game Challenge‖? (be___compete) Answer : __________________________________________________ 4. I am not buying the latest Blackberry Storm.

PARAPHRASING

Why do we need to crack our heads and learn to paraphrase? When we have large chunks of lecture notes to digest, we need to paraphrase.

It will help us remember the important points or information. What is a paraphrase?

A paraphrase is when you write published materials in your own words without changing its original meaning. It is important that the sentence structure and the vocabulary are not too similar to the original.

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The main way to paraphrase is to:
 

change the structure of the paragraph change the words.

It is not enough to do just one of these, you need to change the structure and the words. You must do this to avoid plagiarism. Changing the structure of a paragraph Use the following steps to change the structure of a paragraph. i. Write down the main ideas and concepts.

Read the paragraph and write down the main points or words. Do not copy down entire sentences.

ii. Put the original away.

Put the paragraph / book away and using the main points, write your paraphrase from memory. This means that you are not copying the text word for word.

To be able to paraphrase correctly, you must be able to understand and identify the main idea and the specific details. PRACTICE: Make predictions about the topics using the given passages. Educators Need to Embrace Internet Technologies. There are five reasons why they must do so. They are: Reason No. 1: ___________________________________________________ As the world continues to embrace and evolve the Internet, businesses and organizations are increasingly looking to tap into this resource. It is in the best interest of educators, and professionals in general, to be aware of what the Internet has to offer. We can choose to sit back and wish it would all just go away because it‘s too hard to find the time for it, or we can choose to embrace it, and look for simple ways to learn more about it. Another unavoidable fact is the growing desire for experience and familiarity with the Internet and other computer technologies as a hiring requirement in the educational field.

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Reason No. 2: ___________________________________________________

Internet tools can be fun! Internet tools are interactive! What a great way to engage students in the classroom. Many of the tools are collaborative, and they are all hands-on. Applications that allow for the creation of cool looking timelines, videos, or other dynamic presentations can be a lot of fun, and when a student realizes that they can easily make the resulting creation available for viewing on the Internet, it can be pretty exciting!

Reason No 3: ____________________________________________________ ―Meet them where they live!‖ We‘ve all heard this, and there is a solid undercurrent of wisdom in it. Many students use Internet tools on a regular basis. If you use some of them in the classroom, you will be talking to them in their language. And for those who have not been exposed to a given technology, you‘ll be teaching them something they are probably predisposed to learning more about.

Reason No. 4: ____________________________________________________ The Internet is here to stay. It‘s been well over a decade now that ‗average users‘ have had access to the Internet, and we‘re now knee deep in the Social Media revolution that has defined Web 2.0. It isn‘t going away. It isn‘t a fad. It‘s only going to grow and evolve. It‘s already woven into the fabric of the daily lives of millions of people. Yes, a lot of folks are wasting a lot of time doing things on the Internet that don‘t contribute to society or offer much in the way of personal growth, but at the same time, there are countless ways in which the multitude of tools and technologies available on the Internet are being used in wonderfully constructive ways.

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They‘re thinking about how to get on board and get ahead of the curve. 92 .Reason No. RSS Feeds. Blogs are being used to provide updates about new developments. Go to Google and search ―Twitter for business‖ and see the list of articles on the subject. and how they can offer value in the workplace. RSS Feeds are being used to capture a steady stream of information about topics of interest. and the list goes on and on. Wikis. A Task 17 Match the reasons 1-5 to the topics A-E Topics A B C D E Businesses Want to Hire Workers Who Understand The Internet Students Use Them Already Professional Development It‘s Not Going Away (It Will Only Grow) The Power To Engage Reason Number Task 18 Underline the topic sentence in each of the above paragraphs. 5: ____________________________________________________ If you introduce your students to technologies like Blogs. and so on. Wikis are being used as knowledge bases. Social Bookmarking tools are being used for research. Name any Internet technology. you will be helping to build their resume. Businesses and organizations are more interested in these types of tools every day. and there is a growing list of business applications for it.

it is a habit. D. Presentations can be difficult C. Timelines will be clear Reading paragraph (c) The meaning of the word ―predisposed‘ as used in the paragraph is… A. D. Prepared C. Presentations can be interesting B. Prejudiced B.Task 19 Answer the following questions on each of the paragraphs (a). Prompt D. it is not a craze C. it is not a habit 93 . it is a craze B. Prime Reading paragraph (d) The phrase ‗It is not a fad‘ implies A. Businesses and organizations are trying to use this resource Educators do not need to use the internet We should learn more about internet Students have no desire to use computer technologies Reading paragraph (b) Which of the following does not explain the benefits of internet applications? A. Videos can be created D. C. B.(e) Reading paragraph (a) All of the following key facts about internet are mentioned in the paragraph except A.

c. Pay attention to the topic sentence. d. SUMMARY Tick here if you have understood Main Skill Listening Sub Skills Listening to a talk Listening to the main ideas Listening for specific details Speech Acts Forms of Speech Acts Language Form Notes Speaking Reading Reading a text on use of technology at home Reading for Main Ideas Reading for Specific Details Paraphrasing Identifying the main idea Identifying the supporting details Writing 94 . Underline the details that support the topic sentence.Reading paragraph (e) Fill in the table below with the information from paragraph (e) Technology Use Blogs RSS feeds Wikis Social Bookmarking Who would use it? a. b. Rewrite the main idea and the supporting details in your own word. Task 20 Read these paragraphs again.

Giving your house a digital home makeover will allow you to be more efficient while reducing stress and providing your family with opportunities to have fun together. invite your kids to help and teach them the basics of building healthy. Sit down with an online calendar and plan out the family meals for the week. allow you to watch movies at your family's convenience. It can often be difficult to coordinate a family's schedule around the broadcast of family-friendly films on TV. stay organized.SELF ASSESSMENT Test 1 Read the following passage on using technology at home and answer the questions that follow. Luckily. there are plenty of ways to save time. it has never been easier to plan a time for the whole family to enjoy a movie at home together. educational programming to keep your children entertained and informed until you return home each weekday. 1 Parents have numerous demands on their time and energy. and streamline your day by adopting a digital lifestyle. balanced meals. Today's time-shifting technologies. such as DVRs and Video On Demand (VOD) channels. you can use a Digital Video Recorder (DVR) to plan out a schedule of wholesome. In many areas. When planning dinner. No working parent wants to be concerned with how their kids are spending their time when they return home from school. DVRs utilize an onscreen television menu allowing you to choose what your children are able to watch. Here are some simple and fun family activities you can do using digital technology. food retailers feature online services to deliver groceries straight to your door. With the use of a DVR and VOD. With a little forethought on Sunday. There are numerous recipe sites you can visit to generate ideas for new dishes. and cable boxes feature parental controls to prevent your children from watching inappropriate content while you are not home. saving you a trip to the supermarket. You and your kids can conduct research online to organize a 2 3 4 5 95 .

These options will be waiting for you on a moment's notice when you unexpectedly need to provide your kids with stimulating activities for an afternoon or two. Help educate and enlighten your children by encouraging them to research the history of their community on the Web. A few minutes on the Web will provide you with details such as driving instructions. leaving you responsible for finding an entertaining alternative in a pinch. 6 Often during the summer your children's outdoor plans get washed out. educational programming on your DVR and be familiar with movies and TV programmes that are available over VOD. Make sure you consider weather forecasts and dress appropriately. offering your children a richer appreciation of their community.weekend outing to a nearby public park or recreation area. You will be surprised at how much difference a digital home makeover can make in your life. and amenities offered by your destination. These are just a few basic suggestions on how adopting a digital lifestyle can save you time and energy when dealing with today's hectic parenting responsibilities. Many communities boast a number of fascinating historic places that get taken for granted when encountered on a daily basis. 7 8 96 . Plan ahead for rainy days by spending a few moments to set aside engaging activities for your children to enjoy indoors. You should also save up a few hours of wholesome. Go online and bookmark a few sites featuring fun games and puzzles for your children. or sporting goods. there are a number of online retailers available to meet those needs. outdoor games. Most museums and historical societies maintain Web sites featuring a wealth of interesting facts and information. hours of operation. If you need to stock up on picnic supplies.

Training teachers b. women facing social barriers. Broadening the availability of quality education materials e. Record Educational Programming for Your Kids. Increasing access through distance learning c. Organize a Weekend Outing. Plan Dinner Online. Plan a Family Movie Night. Paragraph Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 A B C D E F Main Idea or Topics Save Up Rainy Day Entertainment. Enabling a knowledge network for students How do ICT in education initiatives contribute to the Millennium Development Goals? Paragraph Paragraph 1: Main Idea ICTs can provide new and innovative means to bring educational opportunities to greater numbers of people of all ages. and students with disabilities 97 . especially those b.Match the „topics‟ or main idea with each of the paragraphs. a. TEST 2 Read the article and match the main idea of each paragraph in the box provided from the list given below.Increasing access through who have historically been excluded. Teach Your Kids Local History. such as distance learning populations in rural areas. Enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of educational administration and policy d.

Paragraph 2: With knowledge as the crucial input for productive processes within today‘s economy. and databases. Their interactivity and global reach allow for customized sharing of knowledge. Moreover. enabling them to design curricula that best meet the needs of their students. online resources offer teachers access to a vast and diverse collection of educational materials. 98 . Furthermore. quickly and cheaply over long geographic distances. the efficiency by which knowledge is acquired and applied determines economic success. ICTs provide opportunities to complement on the job training and continuing education for teachers Paragraph 4: Network technologies have the potential to increase the availability of quality educational materials. thereby helping education systems meet this challenge Paragraph 3: Large numbers of school teachers will be needed to meet the Millennium Development Goals for education. The use of ICTs can help in meeting teacher training targets. materials. Effective use of ICTs can contribute to the timely transmission of information and knowledge.

Paragraph 5: New technologies can help improve the quality of administrative activities and processes. A. (1999). learning. Basic English Grammar. San Francisco: Pearson. including human resource management.C. Nunan. S. D. and monitoring of student enrollment and achievement REFERENCES Azar. (2Ed. S. New Technologies. B. Boston. (2003). Thornbury. DiSessa.). B (1996).). M. & Walsh. Second language teaching and learning. Changing Minds: computers. S. (2003) Practical English language teaching. McCarthy. New York: McGraw Hill. Education and Technology: Reflections on computing in classrooms. ―Discourse‖ In Nunan.A. Reilly. student registration. New Patterns' (in C. D. Essex: Longman. New Jersey: Pearson Longman. How to teach speaking. MA: Heinle & Heinle. (1996). New Literacies. and literacy. D. ANSWER KEY: Task 1 Speech Act Informing (to request for or to give information) Language Form  Could you tell me where I could get some CDs?  Do you know how much an external drive costs? 99 . Dwyer & K. Yocam (eds. (2005). (2000). Fisher.

You can get a good bargain for a new mobile phone at Low Yat Plaza. I need to send an e-mail immediately. I‘m sorry for erasing the files from your D: drive. Dad? Please let me use your PC. I would like to apologize for using your scanner without your permission.  Persuading    Suggesting      I‘d like to know if you have i-phones and i-pods. Can I have an MP4 for my birthday. I shouldn‘t have done that. Would you like to see its other features? Why don't you / we go to the movies? Let's go to the travel agent's this afternoon. I would be much obliged if you could spend some time and try out our courseware. I‘m sorry. Please accept my apologies. Please come in and see our latest mobile phones. I would like to complain about your rude sales assistant. I am not satisfied with my new digital Requesting      Apologizing     Complaining   100 . What about asking your brother for help? Shall we purchase the latest virus cleaner? Why don‘t you get yourself a laser printer? Can you please mail the letter? Please take me to the clinic. This notebook is fitted with windows 7. I would like a cup of tea please.

I think you are right. I‘m not happy with the new computer Complementing           Asking permission Offering help or advice       Agreeing and disagreeing      Expressing  101 . I‘ll help you to make the 100 copies that you need. Your 4G iphone is amazing. I think faxing the letter is better than emailing it to him. Don‘t panic. I think you should buy a new handphone and give this one to your son. He has been such a good friend. Yes. I‘m not happy with the colour of my new pc . I‘m afraid I‘ve misplaced the address of the website. This is a fantastic book. Would you mind? May I use a few CDs for the project? Could we buy a better digital camera? Can I order some HP 1006 toner for the printer? Can I help? Don‘t worry. I think you should email the document to her immediately. I‘ll help you out. You look pretty in that new dress. typing the schedule using Microsoft Excel is a better idea. It is not as simple as it seems. It would be better if we bought a faster laser printer. No.  camera. Please can I use your lap top? I have to leave for home. That is not necessarily so. She is good at preparing Power Point Presentations.

This is more becoming. It‘s too small. I can‘t believe you spend all your money on that purple Sega Wildfire handphone! He‘s getting a new plasma flat screen television? Didn‘t he buy one last week? They spent RM4000 on a new sound system for their car! Giving and responding to opinions    Expressing disbelief    Task 2 Situation 1 Aina : You look lovely in this one! (Function: Complementing) Siew Ai : Do you think so? I like the blue one better. (Function: Disagreeing) Siew Ai: Alright. would you like to do something with me this weekend? Chris: Sure. Haven‘t you ordered the thumb drives as instructred? You should defragment your computer once a week.. A high definition television gives a better picture than the normal ones. (Function: Giving and responding to opinions) Aina: No…. chatting on Skype is better than Yahoo Messenger. I think we can print our drafts using the dot matrix printer. (Function: Agreeing ) Situation 2 Mel: Hi Chris. It suits you. Yes. What shall we do? (Function: Agreeing) Mel: I don't know. It‘s too slow.disappointment   lab. I‘ll trust you on this. Do you have any ideas? 102 .

(Function: Giving and responding to opinions) OK. I am displeased with the courier services. that sounds great. (Function: Suggesting) I'd rather not. Bye. We were unhappy with the way we were treated. When is it on? (Function: To request for or to give information) It's on at 8 o'clock at the Rex. Bye. How about going to "Mad Doctor Brown"? I hear it's quite a funny film. (Function: Agreeing) OK. The idea sounds good. Task 3 Complaining about things. This isn‘t what I had expected! Gosh! How awful! What a pity! Did you hear that? Giving/ responding to opinions. . I think so too. Which film shall we see? (Function: Giving and responding to opinions) Let's see "Action Man 4". I couldn‘t agree with you more.Chris: Mel: Chris: Mel: Chris: Mel: Chris: Mel: Chris: Mel: (Function: Enquiring) Why don't we see a film? (Function: Suggesting) That sounds good to me. What about going to that new Italian restaurant 'Mama Macaroni '? (Function: Agreeing) Great idea! Let's meet there at six. Let's go see that. I'll see you at six. Shall we have a bite before the film? (Function: Suggesting) Sure. I don't like violent films. 103 . I believe you can do it. I don‘t think you have to go to that extent.

Motivation iii. False 2. Do you need anything? Do take caution. Authentic materials v. iv. What are the advantages of CALL? i. False 4. False 8. Asking for permission. Appropriately implemented network-based technology contributes to: i. Task 4 Part 1. True 6. True 104 . True 5. Greater interactions Task 9 1. Experiential Learning ii. May I leave early? Can I join the trip? Apologizing for something. iii. You should visit your parents often. Enhanced student achievement iv. It would be wise if you think it over first. ii. Oops! I didn‘t mean to do that.Offering help or advice. I‘m sorry. True 3.students Part 2 . False 7. Sorry for the delay. Generate autonomous learners who will experience freedom of choice Students become interactive Changes in the teaching methodologies of English Promote communication/interaction with -and mainly among.

He is scrolling (scroll) the screen for the latest information on Egypt. 3. 10. 6. iii. The twins are saving (save) all the files into the CD before sending the computer for repair. 7. B Task 12 1 2. internet 2. technology 4. James Raj is justifying (justify) the document. 11. mobility Task 11 1. 5. The students are viewing (view) the latest netbook in the market. 9. 2. I need to format it before I could use it. network 3. 6. 4. i. I am publishing (publish) my ―Save the world‖ video on Youtube. They are embedding (embed) songs and pictures on their presentation 105 . ii. Zulhelmi is copying (copy) the file into his external hard drive. justify scroll defragment format publish embed justifying scrolling defragmenting formatting publishing embedding c d e a b Task 13 1. 8. 12. 3. 5. iv. v. 8. 4. I am formatting (format) this CD. 2. fix view copy paste delete align fixing viewing copying pasting deleting aligning 7. He wants it to look neat.Task 10 1. I want to share it with the rest of the world.

4. 3. The lecturer is formatting the CD for the students.com for some pictures. delete the phrase He is deleting the phrase from the document. buy an external hard disk I am buying an external hard disk because I want to download some movies. 106 .com. She needs it for her assignment.slides. We want to use them for our e-poster. 7. 2. 6. 4. download the video They are downloading the video from Youtube. Fadhilah Hanim is buying an external hard disk for her boyfriend. I am persuading/asking my parents to get me the latest Play Station for my birthday. She is downloading the video to be embedded in her slides. 5. format the CD We are formatting the CD as instructed. Sharul is deleting the phrase because his lecturer asked him to. Anne Sim is embedding the song into her PowerPoint presentation. My father is typing /is saving his document on Google Doc. clean up the C: file The technician is cleaning up the temporary C: file. Task 14 1. The students are listening attentively to the instructor who is explaining how to create a movie. He can share the document with his colleagues on Google. 3. Task 15 1. Sue is browsing some articles on ProQuest. name the file She is naming the file after her beloved father. 5. We are surfing Google. 2. embed the song The group is embedding the song into their presentation slides.

________the girls ______________ the drama on the computer? (be___view) Yes. I am not/ No. I am buying the latest Blackberry Storm. they are not/ No. they are not/ No. I am / Yes. they aren‘t competing in the ―Video Game Challenge‖. publish their short movie on Youtube They are publishing their short movie on Youtube. they aren‘t/No.‖ No.com? (be___chat) Yes.8. they aren‘t chatting with their friends on Yahoo. they are/ Yes. The group is naming the file “Our group”. No. they‘re chatting with their friends on Yahoo. they aren‘t viewing the drama on the computer. Question Answer : : 3. they are not/ No. I‘m not saving the ―Flood‖ document into the D: File. The student is publishing his/her video on Youtube. Question Answer : : 4. No. No.com.com. Task 16 1. Question Answer : : 5. Question Answer : : Are you buying the latest Blackberry Storm? (be___buy) Yes. I am not/ No. I‘m saving the ―Flood‖ document into the D: File. I am/ Yes. I am not/No. Are you saving the ―Flood‖ document into the D: File? (be___save) Yes. I am not buying the latest Blackberry Storm. 2. No. Question Answer : : 107 . __________ Farid and Johnny __________ competing in the ―Video Game Challenge‖? (be___compete) Yes. ________Salmi and Chloe Lim ______________ with their friends on Yahoo. they are/ Yes. they‘re viewing the drama on the computer. they aren‘t/No. they are/ Yes. they aren‘t/No. they‘re competing in the ―Video Game Challenge.

Task 17 A. she‘s planning to post the invitation on the wall of her Facebook. Passage (c) Many students use Internet tools on a regular basis Passage (d) The Internet is here to stay Passage (e) you will be helping to build their resume. B.B Reading Passage (c).D Reading Passage (b). 1 3 5 4 2 Task 19 Reading Passage (a).B Reading Passage (e) 108 . No. Passage (b) What a great way to engage students in the classroom. D. she is not/No.6. Task 18 Passage (a) Internet and other computer technologies as a hiring requirement in the educational field. E. C. Question Answer : : ________Tamilselvi ______________ to post the invitation on the wall of her Facebook? (be___plan) Yes. she‘s not planning to post the invitation on the wall of her Facebook.A Reading Passage (d). she is/ Yes.

Technology a b Blogs RSS feeds Use Provide updates about new development Information on topics of interest c d Wikis Get knowledge or information Social Bookmarking research Who would use it? Students. professionals General public. Reading Passage (d) The Internet is here to stay and It‘s been over a decade that ‗average users‘ have had access to the Internet and it‘s become part of the daily lives of millions of people. Reading Passage (b) It is a great way to engage students in the classroom as many of the tools are collaborative. and they are all hands-on. students. 109 . Reading passage (e) It will help build resume. Reading Passage (c) Many students use Internet tools on a regular basis and using them is similar to talking to them in their language. researchers students Researchers Task 20 Reading Passage (a) It is important that educators are aware of what the Internet has to offer as experience and familiarity with the Internet and other computer technologies is becoming a hiring requirement in the educational field. Businesses and organizations are more interested in these types of tools as they want to get ahead of the curve.

Out of the context of CALL. computers are sensitive to the learners level of proficiency. C TEST 2 Para 1 – b Para 2 – e Para 3 – a Para 4 – d Para 5 . 110 . Before computers were used in the classroom context. they become interactive. Students can call up the programs held by computers whenever they want. B 4.TEST 1 1. that is.c UNIT 3: LISTENING TRANSCRIPT One of the advantages of CALL is that it offers a powerful self-access facility. E 5. besides. The tools that learners find in computers allow them to assume mastery of their own learning experience. teaching materials are passive. that is. it helps to generate autonomous learners who will experience freedom of choice. F 3. In CALL. Another advantage of CALL is that it gives a new role to teaching materials. materials adapt themselves to the requirements of the individual student. D 2. nothing the student said or did could influence in any deep sense the linear progression of the content. A 6.

language teaching specialists have to promote a complementary relationship with computers.In the field of methodology. though. in order to attain this objective. One final aspect that we should analyse in relation to the implementation of computers in English language teaching is ultimately an ethical question.What is the kind of environment that is going to be created by means of the computer?. The CALL classroom should not be conceived as a room in which every learner is studying in isolation in front of his/her computer. we also find one advantage and one correspondent disadvantage. leaving aside penalties for producing incorrect bits of language. like other new technologies. Teachers must think of activities that enable group work/human interaction and computers to be compatible.we have to be constantly analysing whether the uses to which CALL is put are just reinforcing current practices or if. This results in an innovative teaching methodology in which the dichotomy teacher/transmissor-student/receiver is broken. in contrast. Otherwise. they are promoting curriculum renewal. and this is allowed to him thanks to computer co-operation. Personally. appropriately implemented. The advantages mentioned up to the present moment make us aware of an important fact in relation to CALL. The advantage is that CALL. This is the case of teachers who put students in front of the computer just to make fill-in-the-gap exercises. in which computers are just used to give old materials a new aspect. The teacher abandons his informative role to take on a more active part in the teaching process. brings about changes in the teaching methodologies of English. they are going to encourage students to take risks. There are cases.The World Wide Web makes it possible for students to have a huge amount of human experience. Now.students. Research and practice suggest that. In order to fully benefit from the potential of the computer for language learning. teachers are going to promote communication/interaction with -and mainly among. since the computer is now going to be the new source of information. men as social beings will be replaced by men as alienated computer slaves. I consider that the creation of autonomous learners should not be associated to the concept of human alienation. networkbased technology can contribute significantly to: 1)Experiential Learning. They can learn by doing things themselves and become the creators not just the receivers of knowledge 111 .

3)Enhanced Student Achievement-Network-based instruction can help pupils strengthen their linguistic skills by positively affecting their learning attitude and by helping them build self-instruction strategies and promote their selfconfidence.Random access to Web pages breaks the linear flow of instruction. especially whenever a variety of activities are offered. which make them feel more independent. 4)Authentic Materials for Study-All students can use various resources of authentic reading materials either at school or from their home. Furthermore. They can also interact with their own classmates. 5)Greater Interaction. By sending E-mail and joining newsgroups. Those materials can be accessed 24 hours a day at a relatively low cost. ESL students can communicate with people they have never met. Student motivation is therefore increased.2)Motivation -Computers are most popular among students because they are associated with fun and games and also they are fashionable. 112 . some Internet activities give students positive and negative feedback by automatically correcting their on-line exercises.

Task 1 Practice the conversation below. 113 Siti Amy Siti . practice turn-taking by using various ways of interrupting. read and identify the main ideas and supporting details in the text. : You‘re right.UNIT 4 A WAY OF LIFE LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of the unit. But if you look at it this way. you should be able to: 1. However I do feel that showing these celebrities‘ life style may influence the way people in our country lead their life like they way they dress. we take turns to speak. This would benefit the viewers. identify topic sentences and supporting details. listen to conversations and identify specific ways of interrupting. CONTENT Turn-taking In a conversation. : Could I just say something here? Those reality shows would probably benefit the adult viewers but I‘m afraid that the youngsters may not see those values. : I couldn‘t agree more. some of the reality shows give some useful ideas about how to bond among family members and how they resolve problems faced by any of the family members. 3. Siti Amy : Did you watch the new reality show on TV last night? : Which one? There are so many reality shows nowadays especially those portraying the fabulous life of western celebrities. write a summary. 4. 2. 5.

Jane : I think pop culture is wreaking havoc among our youths. Task 3 Talk about the following topics with a partner: 1. she didn‘t. But she said it was difficult to explain to her daughter that they can‘t afford to spend so much money on clothes as they have bills to pay. you‘re __________________. A Task 4 A. 2.Amy Siti : Really! What do you mean? : My niece keeps asking her mother to buy her new clothes with matching accessories because she wants to look fabulous like the celebrities she saw on TV. The sad thing is that many people don‘t realize it. The influence of western culture on the way teenagers dress. 114 . Should Valentine‘s Day be celebrated by Muslims? Interrupting In taking turns to speak. : Did your sister buy her the clothes? : No. There are many ways to interrupt a speaker. Amy Siti Task 2 Practice the conversation in Task 1 with a partner. Complete the conversation by filling in the blanks with appropriate words. Hui : Yes. you may want to interrupt the speaker.

Pop culture usually glorifies what has usually been seen as having a negative influence on society. Shah  Asking for Information  What is included in the plan?  How much is the cost of printing these charts in colour? Did Azlan tell you to say that? 115  . Practice the dialogue with a partner. : What do you mean? : Well. Just look at the rate of obesity in the country where the fast food chains come from. It‘s a part of western culture that people have happily adopted. I see your point but I ……. Asking for Clarification  I’m not sure I understand what you mean. Task 5 Agreeing  You’re absolutely right! I couldn’t agree more. Write (C) at the back of the question that is asking for clarification and (I) at the back of the question that is asking for more information. it is obvious only to people who can see through it but not for people who think that everything in the magazines or movies is ‗cool‘. B.   Great idea! I agree with your suggestion to ……. Is that right? Would you mind explaining that a little bit more. I think it is quite obvious how negative ways of behaving are portrayed in pop culture. there‘s no doubt that fast food is fast and convenient but they should think of the effects of fast food on their bodies. Disagreeing  No. Jane : __________________. Hui : I don‘t quite ____________________ with you there.  A A. But it is done in a subtle way. Identify the functions of the two questions in the following conversation.  I don’t quite agree with you. that’s not true.Jane : That‘s __________________ . Could you talk a little bit more about that?  So you want to open a new site. please? Ben : Many people now eat fast food as their daily meals. They don‘t realize what that can do to them. That is why people don‘t realize that they are being influenced.

Ben Shah

: Where is that? : America, of course! More than half of Americans are categorized as obese. : What‘s the situation like in Malaysia? : I read in the papers that the obesity rate is increasing here.

Ben Shah

B. Create a dialogue with a partner using the dialogue given above as a model. The dialogue must include questions or sentences that ask for clarification or information. Task 6 Fill in the blanks with the sentences given in the shaded box below. Then discuss what they are used for.

A

Such as? Can I suggest something? Go ahead. Well, that sounds good, too.

Nisha Izad

: Shall we go and watch a movie? : I don‘t feel like it. Can we do something else? : Oh, OK. What do you want to do? : Let‘s eat. The food court is full of choices. : That sounds good. : _________________________________
Asking for permission to interrupt  I’m sorry, but can I interrupt you for a minute?  Can I add another thought for you? Before you go on, can I say something?

Nisha Izad Nisha Kim

Encouraging  I’m listening.   That’s a great idea. Go on.

116

Nisha Kim Nisha Kim

: _________________________________ : Let‘s do something new. : _________________________________ : Let‘s watch the orchestra at Dewan Philharmonic Petronas. : Isn‘t that expensive? : No. The chamber concert is on today. The ticket costs RM10 only. : _________________________________

Izad Kim

Nisha

LISTENING
Task 7 You are going to listen to a dialogue between Nani and Sya. Listen carefully and write the ways of interrupting used in the dialogue. Dialogue Nani : Have you read the newspaper lately? : No. Was there any interesting news? : There‘s news about an artist who used twitter to write bad comments about people she doesn‘t like. : Is that true? What did she write? 2. 1. Asking for information. more Ways of interrupting

A

Sya

Nani

Sya

117

Nani

: Well, she used very bad words to describe one artist whom she believed was badmouthing her. I don‘t think she should write that on twitter because so many people can read it. : You‘re right. Her actions are unacceptable. You know, this kind of behaviour has become a culture in our country. Many people, even kids in school, are using twitter to write bad things about their friends. : That‘s really bad. Why are they doing that? : Because they find that twitter can be used to channel their anger and frustration towards other people and, being kids, they‘re still immature. : Can I add something? I really think that children nowadays are given too much freedom by their parents and this lack of supervision leads to this bad way of expressing their negative feelings. : Absolutely. Supervision is a major issue among parents today as they‘re all busy with their work and have less time to monitor their children. : Mmm. You have a point there. Being a mother, I myself feel that 6. 3.

Sya

Nani

4. 5.

Sya

Nani

Sya

7.

Nani

8.

118

My daughter has a Facebook account. Sara : 119 . I believe that we should let them use the internet when we‘re at home. Sya Nani Sya A Task 8 Read the dialogues and underline parts of the dialogues that indicate ways of interrupting. They‘re too busy watching TV and playing video games. Nani 10. : Right. Could I just add something here? I personally feel that parents should be responsible for the children‘s way of behaving. Dialogue a) Ain : Children nowadays don‘t visit their grandparents anymore.it‘s hard to monitor all my son‘s activities. Thanks. : Is that right? Do you mean that we should be in front of the computer while they use the internet? : Yes. Write the ways of interrupting in the column provided. : You‘re welcome. Sya : It is difficult because we‘re working mothers. 9. I make sure she knows what to be included and what not to be included in her Facebook. I‘ll do the same. However. So that we can see what they‘re doing.

: Did she say that? : Yes. Ramlee the Musical.Dialogue b) Liza Mira : Where‘s Aishah? : She went out to celebrate Valentine‘s Day with her boyfriend. Liza Mira Liza Mira Dialogue c) Zaza : We have to think about our performance for the speaking class. Misha Zaza Misha 120 . We have to perform something unique and different from the others. Let‘s do something that represents our culture and tradition like P. : Really? : That‘s exactly what she said to me. : Ah! So you want us to perform something that nobody would do? : Yes. I don‘t think we should perform something like High School Musical. She told me she‘s going to KLCC with Azam to celebrate Valentine‘s Day. I think we should perform a musical role-play like High School Musical. : I love the idea of performing a musical role-play. However.

Why is it important to preserve one‘s own tradition? 121 . Listen to the conversation again and complete the chart given. Rina and Wati about ways of viewing religion among people. Ways of interrupting Agreeing Who What the person said Disagreeing Asking for clarification Asking for information Asking for permission to interrupt Encouraging READING Together with your partner. What is your understanding of the term ―tradition‖? 2. discuss the following questions.A Task 9 You are going to listen to a conversation among Azie. 1.

It is always celebrated in the month of April to mark the beginning of the fishing season after the end of the monsoon 10 that keeps many fishermen from going to sea with their boats anchored safely along the shores. especially sago-based dishes. the Mukah Kaul Festival is a place to meet old friends and relatives and at the same time enjoy the activities held at the beach as well as 20 savour local delicacies. These days. students. businessmen. to farmers.Past Traditions Brought To Life Read the following passage. And the ―leader‖ of the Melanau community state chief led the celebrations held at the Kala Dana beach area. all came home dressed in their best traditional costumes to celebrate the Mukah Kaul Festival for three 5 days. among other things. try to guess the meanings of the words in bold. As you read. they always pay homage to the sea by offering eggs. From fishermen. the thanksgiving ceremony is more of a tradition now with no religious significance. betel leaves and many Melanau delicacies. the Melanau community were pagan and they believed the offerings to their ―keepers‖ will 15 bring them a good harvest and tidings during the fishing season.politicians. 1 They came in droves to pay homage to the sea that sustains or hadsustained them and their forefathers. glutinous rice. where thousands converged to celebrate the Mukah Kaul Festival. In ancient times. But with the conversion of many to Islam and Christianity. homemakers to wealthy Melanau people living in other parts of Sarawak and some abroad. Before the fishing community ventures for a new season. 2 3 4 122 .

5 The focus of the festival in the past used to be the Tibau or the giant swing where the youngsters and elders would swing in clusters high above the sand with some going higher and higher while others just falling off as they were unable to cling onto their mates. the present day Melanau woman does not conform to this ancient practice anymore and would instead allow her family to find her a suitable husband. In ancient times. the Tibau was used by the village elders to determine the strength of youngsters who were being 25 groomed to become fishermen. and sat comfortably on the ropes. forefathers (line 2) ___________________________________________________________ d. who will not think twice about jumping onto the Tibau with their loved ones. State the meanings of the following words in the context of the a. p. the girls would push away the men whom they didn‘t like off the swing and hold on to the ones they chose. had another purpose in the past. The men who wanted to make any of the girls their wife would jump onto the swing. Still. converged (line 8) ___________________________________________________________ 123 . Besides testing the strength of able bodied youngsters. found in many villages in Mukah. 40 (Adapted from: New Straits Times. Village 30 maidens who were looking for mates would swing on the Tibau in the late evenings and nights. 35 However. As the swing went higher and higher. sustains (line 1) ___________________________________________________________ c. there are those who seek thrills and fun. When youngsters swung on the Tibau. 2008. homage (line 1) ___________________________________________________________ b.11) 6 7 A Task 10 passage. the old folks would know immediately whether the young lads were fit to be fishermen who could takeon the choppy seas on fishing trips. May 20. the swing.

ventures (line 13) ___________________________________________________________ f. pagan (line 16) ___________________________________________________________ h. tidings (line 17) ___________________________________________________________ i. clusters (line 24) ___________________________________________________________ l. cling (line 26) ___________________________________________________________ m. groomed (line 28) ___________________________________________________________ n. conversion (line 18) ___________________________________________________________ j. ancient (line 15) ___________________________________________________________ g. savour (line 22) ___________________________________________________________ k.e. choppy (line 20) ___________________________________________________________ 124 .

Today. The Melanau people from all walks of life came to Sabah to celebrate the Mukah Kaul Festival. 5. _________ 8. 10. 2.o. _________ _________ 6. the fishermen always pay homage to _________ it by offering food and delicacies. After returning from the sea. The Melanau community believes that the offerings will bring them a lot of fish during the fishing season. conform (line 37) ___________________________________________________________ A Task 11 Together with your partner. 1. take turns to identify whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). The Tibau was used by the village elders to identify future fisherman among the Melanau youth. The Tibau was also used by the village women and girls for physical exercises and playing games. 9. _________ 3. The fishermen were prevented from going to sea because of the bad weather. _________ _________ 125 . The Mukah Kaul Festival is a thanksgiving ceremony celebrated _________ by the Melanau community. 7. the Mukah Kaul Festival still holds a religious significance _________ to most people in the Melanau community. The Mukah Kaul Festival was held at the Kota Dana beach area. _________ 4. The festival is always celebrated in the months of March and April to mark the beginning of the fishing season.

Why did the Melanau fishing community pay homage to the sea before venturing out for a new fishing season? ____________________________________________________________ 4. What is the Mukah Kaul Festival? ___________________________________________________________ 2. 1. Why is it always celebrated in the month of April? ____________________________________________________________ 3. In the past. Today. Discuss with your partner. how is the Mukah Kaul Festival celebrated? ____________________________________________________________ 6.A Task 12 Answer the following questions. In your opinion. what were the purposes of the Tibau? ____________________________________________________________ 5. why does the present day Melanau woman not conform to this ancient practice anymore but would instead allow her family to find a suitable husband for her? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 126 .

WRITING Task 13 Write a paragraph about some of the old traditions in your society. Why are they still being practiced today? Do you agree with them? Present and discuss this with the rest of the students in class. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 127 .

c. 1. She recalls __________________________ (see) him at the museum yesterday. a. She forgot visiting the batik factory. She loved to eat the oily fish and chips in England. Rizal to try speak Tamil to his friends. Sarah refused ___________________________ (participate) in the discussion. b. Rizal wants to improve his Tamil language and thinks that he can do so by talking in Tamil to his friends. 4. However. She loved to eating the oily fish and chips in England. Those who dared _____________________________ (voice) their opinions were praised. a. b. When Junita was in England. 128 . c. 2. Rizal tries speaking Tamil to his friends. He struggled ___________________________ (finish) his assignment.LANGUAGE FOCUS Gerunds and Infinitives Task 14 Which response would you choose for the situations below? Mina was asked to recall her visit to a batik factory in Terengganu three years ago but she could not remember it. she ate the oily fish and chips very regularly that it was almost a habit. c. his friends left. 3. Rizal tries to speak Tamil to his friends. a. b. before he could do so. She forgot visit the batik factory. She loved eating the oily fish and chips in England. She forgot to visit the batik factory. Task 15 A Fill in the blanks with an infinitive or a gerund form of the verb.

She considered ________________________ (visit) her relatives in Sarawak instead of going to Thailand. Find a suitable verb followed by a gerund or infinitive that you can use to convey the meaning as described in the situations given. 6. 9. 7. Task 16 A Discuss the following situations with a partner. 1. Samad Said.5. Aliyah plans to visit the National Craft Centre next weekend. 8. Situation: It is not known whether Mohamad really knew A. Siti finds it hard to ignore it and ends up eating it. They need _______________________ (save) for the new house. Example: Situation: Aliyah is interested in crafts. She will go to the National Craft Centre next weekend. Adibah managed ________________________ (call) her father just in time for the wedding. He said he did. Azlan risks _______________________ (lose) his job because of his frequent absence from work. Situation: The ais batu campur looks really delicious. 10. Chong admitted _______________________ (make) an error in the letter. Mohamad __________________________________________________ 129 . Siti couldn‘t _________________________________________________ 2. I like ________________________ (go) to the Sunday market.

Hasni ______________________________________________________ 4. B: That‘s fine. A: I want to wear white.3. It __________________ be a shame if you don‘t because that is what people wear in a Malay wedding. Situation: Suilin does not listen to loud music.  Changing your daily diet according to a Japanese menu. you ____________ but you _____________ appreciate our tradition. Rose ______________________________________________________ 5. Situation: Rose goes to the theatre regularly. Now. let‘s look through this bridal magazine which I just bought for you. She says that we should go too. She has a strong dislike for it. You _________________wear white but I think you ________________ also wear the songket. Don‘t worry. Hasni said that she will. A: My wedding is two months away! What Task 17 _____________________ I wear? I don‘t even know what I ___________________ wear! B: Come and sit down and we ______________________ plan this together. A: But I ________________ be sweating in the songket! B: Well. Suilin ______________________________________________________ Task Auxiliaries Modal 17 Complete the dialogue below with an appropriate modal auxiliary. 130 . I ____________ make sure that we have the fans on full blast! Talk with a partner and try to predict the likelihood of the following events happening to you:  Living in a foreign country. Situation: Ravi asked Hasni to help him.

Choose a role each. Read out your lines and fill out the blanks to complete the dialogues. Hey. that one over there is Ahmad‘s car. But I wish people are more considerate when parking their cars while visiting each other. There he is! I __________________ tell him to move it. He _______________ have been in a hurry. That‘s not a good excuse to park like that. 131 . work with a partner. B: I wonder what we ___________________ do about it. Their values have changed as well as their attitudes toward our culture. A: B: A: B: A: B: Someone ___________________ easily knock into it. A: B: I agree with you. Look at that one. They _________________ park their cars properly. It ____________________ be parked with its side sticking out like that. Dialogue 2 A: B: A: Many children are attracted to the western culture. Dialogue 1: A: B: I love the Hari Raya celebrations.A Task 18 For each dialogue. It _____________________ be the influence of TV and the internet. Yes. He has parked it on the wrong side of the road. Me too.

___________________________________________________________ 5. Fatihah is about to make a complaint at the counter. ___________________________________________________________ 3. My father used to speak in English when he was angry. ___________________________________________________________ 7. We have got to appreciate our culture. Are you able to help me? ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ 4. The engagement has to precede the wedding. We have a rich cultural heritage and we ___________________ encourage our children to appreciate it. ___________________________________________________________ 8. 1. ___________________________________________________________ 132 . We are supposed to tolerate each other‘s religion. You are not allowed to touch the batik exhibitions. A Task 19 Rewrite the following sentences using appropriate modal auxiliaries without changing the meaning. He is going to leave for the airport in an hour.A: I think children ___________________ be made aware of how our personal and cultural values shape our identities. ___________________________________________________________ 6.

2. or capitalized). glancing at any headings and graphics. Then. Read the piece for understanding first. skim through the text. Next. Who is going to prepare the speech tomorrow? ___________________________________________________________ 10. 133 . Although written in your own words. it is naturally shorter than the original. Make an outline that includes the main idea and the supporting details. italicized.9. 3. Jot down the organization of the original and follow that pattern in your summary. most to least important or chronological. It is usually in the first paragraph. but keep related supporting points together. In general. Your order may not be the same as that of the original. read the conclusion. ___________________________________________________________ WRITING A SUMMARY A summary is intended to highlight objectively the main points of another writer‘s work. Identify the topic sentences and key words (words that are underlined. These will clue you in on the main ideas. Since the summary eliminates those details that are not needed to convey the major points. a summary is from one fourth to one half the length of the original. for example. 4. Steps in Writing a Summary 1. A leader is supposed to be fair in his judgments. Try to find the main idea in the reading text. Arrange your information in a logical order. the summary does not include your opinions of the piece you are considering.

politicians. You should not include your own opinions. Revise and edit your summary to be sure that you have properly documented important words and phrases from the original text. Write your summary. It is always celebrated in the month of April to mark the beginning of the fishing season after the end of the monsoon that keeps many fishermen from going to sea with their boats anchored safely along the shores. homemakers to wealthy Melanau people living in other parts of Sarawak and some abroad. What is the topic sentence? ___________________________________________________________ What are the supporting details? 2. What is the topic sentence? ___________________________________________________________ 134 . They came in droves to pay homage to the sea that sustains or had sustained them and their forefathers. The Mukah Kaul Festival is celebrated by thousands of the Melanau people living in Sarawak. 6.5. From fishermen. Be objective. to farmers. all came home dressed in their best traditional costumes to celebrate Mukah Kaul Festival for three days. A Task 20 Work in pairs. presenting the main idea. 1. followed by supporting details. businessmen. students. Read the paragraphs and answer the questions that follow.

especially sago-based dishes. It was where the youngsters and elders swung in clusters high above the sand with some going higher and higher while others just falling off as they were unable to cling onto their mates. What is the topic sentence? ___________________________________________________________ What are the supporting details? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 4. These days. The Tibau or the giant swing was the focus of the festival in the past. glutinous rice. the Tibau was used by the village elders to determine the strength of youngsters who 135 . betel leaves and many Melanau delicacies. the Melanau community were pagan and they believed the offerings to their ―keepers‖ will bring them a good harvest and tidings during the fishing season. the thanksgiving ceremony is more of a tradition now with no religious significance.What are the supporting details? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 3. In ancient times. Before the fishing community ventures for a new season. the Mukah Kaul Festival is a place to meet old friends and relatives and at the same time enjoy the activities held at the beach as well as savour local delicacies. they always pay homage to the sea by offering eggs. With the conversion of many to Islam and Christianity. What is the topic sentence? ___________________________________________________________ What are the supporting details? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 5. among other things. In ancient times.

the swing. Besides testing the strength of able bodied youngsters. When youngsters swung on the Tibau.were being groomed to become fishermen. found in many villages in Mukah. What is the topic sentence? ___________________________________________________________ What are the supporting details? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 136 . and sat comfortably on the ropes. had another purpose in the past. As the swing went higher and higher. Village maidens who were looking for mates would swing on the Tibau in the late evenings and nights. The men who wanted to make any girls their wife would jump onto the swing. the old folks would know immediately whether the young lads were fit to be fishermen who could take on the choppy seas on fishing trips. What is the topic sentence? ___________________________________________________________ What are the supporting details? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 6. the girls would push away the men whom they didn‘t like off the swing and hold on to the ones they chose.

Does your summary read smoothly with all parts clearly related? 137 . Have you omitted anything important? 3. Task 22 Get your partner to read your summary and discuss the following questions: 1.Task 21 Read the passage titled ―Past Traditions Brought To Life‖ in Section A again and summarize it in not more than 100 words. Does your summary make the same point as the text? 2.

fashion.com/ provides various information to expatriates living in Malaysia.alloexpat. Find examples on the Internet where something is said to be shaping culture and write down at three factors that influence today‘s culture.g. trend. a management system.) are said to be shaping culture.malaysia. Read the description of "Malaysian Culture" on this website.Write a short review on the accuracy of the information provided. Reading comprehension Vocabulary Identifying topic sentences Identifying supporting details Writing a summary Tick here if you have understood Notes Speaking Reading Writing 138 . beliefs etc. TEST 2 The website http://www.SELF ASSESSMENT TEST 1 Various factors (e. Summary Main Skill Listening Sub Skills Identifying specific ways of interrupting Practice turn-taking when talking in a conversation Using different ways of interrupting in a conversation Reading a text entitled ‗Past Traditions Brought to Life‘. a television program. Identify one specific example for each factor.

___No______. it is obvious only to people who can see through it but not for people who think that everything in the magazines or movies is ‗cool‘. I think it is quite obvious how negative ways of behaving are portrayed in pop culture. That‘s ___true_________ . Pop culture usually glorifies what has usually been seen as having a negative influence on society. p. I don‘t quite _____agree_________ with you there. But it is done in a subtle way. Past traditions brought to life. It‘s a part of western culture that people have happily adopted.REFERENCES (May 20. Yes. The sad thing is that many people don‘t realize it. They don‘t realize what that can do to them. What do you mean? (C) 139 . Task 2 Practice the conversation with a partner. you‘re ____right_______. ANSWER KEY Task 1 Read the conversation aloud and listen. Task 5 Ben: Shah: Ben: Many people now eat fast food as their daily meals. Task 4 Jane: Hui: Jane: Hui: Jane: I think pop culture is wreaking havoc among our youths. That is why people don‘t realize that they are being influenced. Task 3 Talk about the given topics with a partner. New Straits Times. 11. 2008).

Can we do something else? Oh. Where is that? (I) America. The chamber concert is on today. What‘s the situation like in Malaysia? (I) I read in the newspapers that the obesity rate is increasing here. The food court is full of choices. that sounds good. too. Task 6 Nisha: Izad: Nisha: Izad: Nisha: Kim: Nisha: Kim: Nisha: Kim: Izad: Kim: Nisha: Shall we go and watch a movie? I don‘t feel like it. Is that true? What did she write? Well. _Such as?___________________________________________ Let‘s watch the orchestra at Dewan Philharmonic Petronas. _Well. Asking for clarification 140 . there‘s no doubt that fast food is fast and convenient but they should think of the effects of fast food on their bodies. What do you want to do? Let‘s eat. she used very bad words to describe one artist whom she believed was bad mouthing her. That sounds good.____________________________ Task 7 Dialogue Have you read the newspaper lately? No. OK.__________________________________________ Let‘s do something new. The ticket costs RM10 only. Isn‘t that expensive? No. Asking for information Nani : Sya : Nani : 2. Just look at the rate of obesity in the country where the fast food chains come from. I Skills of interrupting Nani : Sya : 1.Shah: Ben: Shah: Ben: Well. of course! More than half of Americans are categorized as obese. _Can I suggest something?_____________________________ _Go ahead. Was there any interesting news? There‘s news about an artist who used twitter to write bad comments about people she doesn‘t like.

I believe that we should let them use the internet when we‘re at home. That‘s really bad. Is that right? Do you mean that we should be in front of the computer while they use the internet? 3. Encouraging 9. Being a mother. this kind of behaviour has become a culture in our country. Agreeing 10. You have a point there. However. I myself feel that it‘s hard to monitor all my son‘s activities. Asking for information 6. Can I add something? I really think that children nowadays are given too much freedom by their parents and this lack of supervision leads to this bad way of expressing their negative feelings. Absolutely. Her actions are unacceptable. You know. Asking for clarification 141 . Many people even kids in schools are using twitter to write bad things about their friends. Agreeing 8. Why are they doing that? Because they find that twitter can be used to channel their anger and frustration towards other people and being kids. It is difficult because we are working mothers. Supervision is a major issue among parents today as they‘re all busy with their work and have less time to monitor their children. So that we can see what they‘re doing.Sya : Nani : Sya : Nani : Sya : Nani : Sya : Nani : don‘t think she should write that way and send it on twitter because so many people can read it. Asking for permission to interrupt 7. Agreeing 4. Encouraging 5. Mmm. You‘re right. they are still immature.

Really? (Encouraging) That‘s exactly what she said to me. I will do the same. Right. Task 8 Dialogue a) Ain : Sara : Children nowadays don‘t visit their grandparents anymore. Thanks. Dialogue b) Liza Mira Liza Mira : : : : Where‘s Aishah? She went out to celebrate Valentine‘s Day with her boyfriend. My daughter has a Facebook account.Sya : Nani Sya : : Yes. Misha : I love the idea of performing a musical role play. Could I just add something here? (Asking permission to interrupt) I personally feel that parents should be responsible for the children‘s way of behaving. (showing disagreement) Let‘s do something that represents our culture and tradition like P. 142 . I don‟t think we should perform something like the High School Musical. They‘re too busy watching TV and playing video games. We : have to perform something unique and different from others. You‘re welcome. She told me she‘s going to KLCC with Azam to celebrate Valentine‘s Day. Ramlee the Musical. Misha : Ah! So you want us perform something that nobody would do? (Asking for clarification) Zaza Yes. Liza : Mira : Dialogue c) Zaza We have to think about our performance for the speaking class. (showing agreement) However. I make sure she knows what to be included and what not to be included in her Facebook. I think we should perform a musical role-play like the High School : Musical. Did she say that? (Asking for information) Yes.

Do you mean to say that it can be seen as both? Which one is it then? May I say something? Go on. Task 10 No a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) Word homage sustains forefathers converged ventures ancient pagan tidings conversion savour clusters cling groomed choppy conform Meaning a group support ancestors come together go out long time ago belonging to a religion worshipped many gods good news change religion enjoy together in a group hold on trained rough waves follow that 143 . You‘re right there. of course. I don‘t see how it can be other than a set of beliefs. yes. Yes.Task 9 Ways of interrupting Agreeing Disagreeing Asking for clarification Asking for information Asking for permission to interrupt Encouraging Who Rina Azie Rina Rina Rina Wati Rina Azie What the person said Oh. you‘re right.

A festival celebrated in the month of April to mark the beginning of the fishing season. Task 14 1. T 3. 2. they believed the offerings will bring them a good harvest and tidings during the fishing season. F 7. 3. T 10. to mark the beginning of the fishing season after the end of the monsoon that keeps many fisherman from going to sea with their boats anchored safely along the shores. F Task 12 1. 4. F 6. F 5. T 2. T 8. Students can use the two questions given to focus their discussion. T 4.Task 11 1. c 2. b 3. a. F 9. Task 13 Answers will vary depending on which tradition is being discussed. to determine the strength of youngsters who were being groomed to become fisherman. 5. a 144 . place to meet old friends and relatives and at the same time enjoy the activities held at the beach as well as savour local delicacies expecially sago-based dishes.

going 9. can 5. Rose suggests going to the theatre. can 4. to finish 5. should 2. Hasni agreed to help Ravi. should 3. to participate 2. should 6. will Task 18 Dialogue 1 1. shouldn‘t 145 . to voice 3. should 10. 3. 5. making 7. Samad Said. should 2. would 9. Suilin hates listening to loud music. losing 6. Siti couldn‘t resist eating the ais batu campur. to call 8. will 7.Task 15 1. 4. to save Task 16 1. will 8. seeing 4. visiting 10. Mohamad claimed to know A. 2. Task 17 1.

4. He will leave for the airport in an hour. We should tolerate each other‘s religion. From fishermen. to farmers. may 5. We must appreciate our culture. 3. 3. all came home dressed in their best traditional costumes to celebrate Mukah Kaul Festival for three days. will Dialogue 2 1. could can should / must must / should Task 19 1.3. can 4. The Mukah Kaul Festival is celebrated by thousands of the Melanau people living in Sarawak. homemakers to wealthy Melanau people living in other parts of Sarawak and some abroad. Topic sentence They came in droves to pay homage to the sea that sustains or had sustained them and their forefathers. You may not touch the batik exhibition. 6. 5. Task 20 1. businessmen. My father would speak in English when he was angry. Topic sentence Supporting details 146 . 9. A leader should be fair in his judgements. Can you help me? 2. politicians. students. 2. Fatihah shall make a complaint at the counter. 4. It is always celebrated in the month of April to mark Supporting details 2. 7. Who will prepare the speech tomorrow? 10. The engagement must precede the wedding. 8.

Topic sentence Supporting details 5. Topic sentence In ancient times. they always pay homage to the sea by offering eggs. These days. It was where the youngsters and elders swung in clusters high above the sand with some going higher and higher while others just falling off as they were unable to cling onto their mates. In ancient times. the Tibau was used by the village elders to determine the strength of youngsters who were being groomed to become fishermen. the thanksgiving ceremony is more of a tradition now with no religious significance. the Melanau community were pagan and they believed the offerings to their ―keepers‖ will bring them a good harvest and tidings during the fishing season. the swing. the Mukah Kaul Festival is a place to meet old friends and relatives and at the same time enjoy the activities held at the beach as well as savour local delicacies. glutinous rice. Topic sentence Supporting details 6. 1. Besides testing the strength of able bodied youngsters. 2. The Tibau or the giant swing was the focus of the festival in the past. 3. among other things. Topic sentence 147 . betel leaves and many Melanau delicacies. especially sago-based dishes. Before the fishing community ventures for a new season.the beginning of the fishing season after the end of the monsoon that keeps many fishermen from going to sea with their boats anchored safely along the shores. found in many villages in Supporting details 4. With the conversion of many to Islam and Christianity.

Supporting details Task 21 Use the points in the topic sentences identified in Task 5. she used very bad words to describe one artist whom she believed was bad. Was there any interesting news? There‘s news about an artist who used twitter to write bad comments about people she doesn‘t like. Tape Scripts Task 7 Nani Sya Nani Sya Nani : : : : : Have you read the newspaper lately? No.Mukah. Is that true? What did she write? Well. Why are they doing that? Because they find that twitter can be used to channel their anger and frustration towards other people.mouthing her. Task 22 The discussion should be focused on the questions provided. You‘re right. Her actions are unacceptable. That‘s really bad. even kids in schools. they are still immature. I don‘t think she should write that way and send it on twitter because so many people can read it. Can I add something? I really think that children nowadays are given too much freedom by their parents and this lack of supervision leads to this bad way of expressing their negative feelings. had another purpose in the past.20 as a guide. this kind of behaviour has become a culture in our country. I myself feel that it‘s hard to monitor all my son‘s Village maidens used the swing to look for mates. Sya : Nani Sya : : Nani : Sya : Nani : 148 . Absolutely. and being kids. are using twitter to write bad things about their friends. Being a mother. You know. Mmm. Many people. Supervision is a major issue among parents today as they‘re all busy with their work and have less time to monitor their children. You have a point there.

of course. : : : : : : : : : Rina Wati Azie Wati : : : : Azie Rina Wati : : : Some people see religion as a way of life. Different people view it differently. Go on. To them it is more than that. I make sure she knows what to be included and what not to be included in her Facebook. We have to try to look at it from other people‘s perspectives too. Which one is it then? Well. I belief that we should let them use the internet when we‘re at home. When you believe in Christianity. not just our own.Sya : Nani Sya Nani Sya Task 9 Azie Rina Azie Rina Azie Rina Azie Rina Azie : : : : activities. You see. It is difficult because we are working mothers. Oh. You‘re welcome. When you believe in Islam. Do you mean to say that it can be seen as both? Well. Really? I see religion as a set of beliefs. you‘re right. yes. My daughter has a Facebook account. 149 . Is that right? Do you mean that we should be in front of the computer while they use the internet? Yes. you have a way of life that reflects the teachings of Christianity. I don‘t think there is any right or wrong answer here. There you go. I don‘t see how it can be other than a set of beliefs. May I say something? Yes. I will do the same. You have to be careful though. However. Thanks. You‘re right there. Right. you live by its principles. So that we can see what they‘re doing. Some people may not like their religion being described as just a ‗set of beliefs‘. it is a set of beliefs that guides the way we live. yes.

3. 4. your purpose for listening: to learn specific information or to understand most or all of the message. manage discussions on the situations given. including specific words and phrases. Based on these clues. and write a resume applying for a job. 150 . Content listen and answer questions based on interviews. read and comprehend passages. 2. predict what you will be hearing:    the format (how the message is organized and in what sequence) key words or phrases the information or opinions Talk about the process and strategies you might use for listening effectively:  Determine the combination of strategies that will be useful in this situation. you should be able to: 1. and your knowledge/ experience with the subject: think about what you already know about the subject and predict the language and information you might expect to hear.UNIT 5 JOB SATISFACTION LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of the unit. Listening Good Listening Strategies There are three stages of listening: Pre-listening You might get ready to listen by thinking about:    the speaker and the speaker‘s purpose.

the interaction. facial expressions. While-listening While you listen you‘ll need to monitor your comprehension:     Use visual clues to help you understand: the setting. You will listen to the radio interview three times. Identify facts vs. and Jason Khoo. unsupported ideas (Adapted from:eff. more and less important details. Gina Sulaiman. interpret and evaluate what you have heard:     See if you can paraphrase what you heard Consider what you heard and how it fits with what you know Discuss or respond to what you heard through writing or group discussion. clarify any cultural information that may be necessary to comprehend the message. think about how you would listen in your native language. and gestures (if there is any) Check the accuracy of your predictions Decide what is and is not important to understand Ask for help if you do not understand o Ask for clarification or repetition from the speaker or ask if what you understood is correct o Ask additional questions to check your understanding Post-listening After you listen these strategies might help you synthesize.html) LISTENING A Task 1 You will be listening to a radio interview between the radio host.utk.cls. If listening in a non-native language.edu/toolkit/support_listening_strategies. 151 . opinions. a Job Space columnist from The Asian Workplace Magazine. supported vs.

try to understand the following:  Who are the speakers?  What is the topic under discussion?  What does the task require you to do? 2. Check your answers to the above questions. c. In pairs. a. For the first listening. Questions What is the topic discussed in the interview? State two complaints on the Gen Y employees? What is the age group for the Gen Y? Why is there a trend of job hopping among the Gen Y employees? List two ways that companies can entice employees to stay longer in one company? Answer b. Read and understand all the questions in the listening task. d. answer the following questions: No. 3. discuss three reasons as to why it is important for employees to have flexible hours and to be able to be working from home. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 152 . e. Listen to the radio interview once again.1. While listening to the interview.

think of the criteria that will make you satisfied as an employee in a particular organization.Speaking My Dream Job Task 2 What is your dream job? Why is it your dream job? Write a simple description about your dream job and ask your partner to guess what it is. Each group has to choose one category and construct interview questions from the category chosen. 153 .       Does the job require a lot of training/ experience? Is it well-paid? Is it indoors/outdoors? Does it involve other people? Is it dangerous? Does it involve travelling? Task 3 After giving a thought on your dream job. In groups. study the following categories on the job satisfaction. You can use the following guidelines in your description.

each group will take turns to conduct an interview on job satisfaction. list some of the questions posed and the kind of responses given. Group members will become the panel of interviewers and act as a human resource manager and executives.Categories for Job Satisfaction Interview After you have constructed the interview questions. 1. While listening to the job satisfaction interviews. Teamwork and Communication 154 . Categories Mission and Purpose Questions Responses 2. No. The interviewees are representatives from other groups.

155 . What should I do? -DesperadoPossible Solution: ………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………. Workplace and Resources Reading Task 4 : The following people seem to face problems at their workplace. She does this to all new personnel and some of them have actually resigned. My supervisor can‘t seem to help me and as such I feel worthless and upset at being treated like a scapegoat. Read the following situations and think of possible solutions to the problems.. Respect for Employees 6. Opportunities for growth 4. How do I cope with a building manager My supervisor thinks that I‘m a good worker but my manager thinks I‘m problematic.. humiliates me in front of my office mates and criticizes me in e-mail messages. Compensation 5.3. She attacks me in meetings.

At the workplace.. At the end of the day. They are calculative and sometimes I have to keep reminding them over and over again to do their work.Lazy work colleagues I work in a group of four in an important project. The ‗Emotional Intelligence‘ factor that is of so much interest today is definitely important. It‘s really hard to get them to do things that need to be done. They are really testing my patience.‖ Norita Hamdan. comments that you should work with people you enjoy.. recognition. It‘s being very enthusiastic going to work. The 5 relationships we experience at work can make or break us. A Psychotherapist points out that you have to pick your boss and your coworkers very carefully. for the leaders and for the employees so that they can relate effectively and understand others as 10 well as establish good relationships to both personal and workplace satisfaction. For more than 156 2 . Studies have proven that some of the most important elements in workplace satisfaction are good pay and rewards. What‘s wrong with me? BreathlessPossible Solution: …………… …………………………………… …………………………………… READING -ExasperatedPossible Solution: ……………. and. and your head hitting the pillow at night with a smile on your face. Workplace Satisfaction 1 People want work to be ―a good place to be. Melta Molding Systems of Shah Alam is already well-known for its care and attention to workers. …………………………………. and who are in a good mood.. I try to avoid tasks given to me by my boss. 15 appreciation and involvement. Health and Wellness Coordinator for Makeup Art Cosmetics in Roseputih.. ……………………………………. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. I feel totally drained. good working conditions. good relationships on the job. I just go through the routine of my work unenthusiastically and if possible. What do you think I should do? Unproductive at work I hate getting out of bed and going to work. above all.

Executive Director of Kaswi Job Skills in Penang says that one of the most important factors in job satisfaction is 45 attitude – being able to embrace change.‖ Opportunities for developing important skills such as problem-solving 30 and communications skills help Malaysia Steel employees enjoy more responsibility and more awareness that what they do ―makes a difference. Overall. Plant and Production Manager for Malaysia Steel works in Johor.‖ Madihah Sulaiman. creativity and productivity will go up. According to the 20 President. seeing it as opportunity. a naturopath and a registered massage therapist. ―Open door‖ policies. If the boss understands that a happy employee is a productive employee. Stress management experts recommend the restructuring of organizations to promote greater control for employees. and with leaders ―walking the talk‖ 55 with integrity – is central to the success of an organization. coordinator of Staff Development for the Perak‘s Workers Association. clean and aesthetically pleasing. the challenge of rapid change is met with optimism. and appreciation count even more. Rozita Rashid. respect. Melta President Haiqal Zubir was promoting and building a workplace that is healthy. ―There has to be a feeling that what you‘re doing counts. a non-smoking environment. resulting in less stress and greater commitment. being willing to find out how to make it work. and a workforce that is highly productive and loyal. money counts. points out on another essential for workplace satisfaction. ―and that your efforts are recognized and supported. a learning environment and Employee Assistance support in order to feel satisfied at work. and a pesticide-free landscaped ground.that absenteeism. suggests that workers today have put more responsibility for their own morale more than in the past. 25 3 Ramon Pillay. and that they‘ll be way ahead by providing the environment for this. Employees have access. to a medical doctor. the company will move forward. but pride. a comfortable building and workplace. and mutual support at all levels is what is needed to find satisfaction even in the midst of such change.‖ he says. and a team approach all go a long way towards developing the awareness that ―I have some control over my fate‖. At a Private Hospital in Kuala Lumpur. willingness to listen and understand. And the support of management – both by supplying resources and growth opportunities. The manager states that you need to 40 have and encourage a ‗developmental attitude‘. an ‗egalitarian‘ culture (no special privileges for 50 executive).twenty-five years. 60 4 5 157 . They also enjoy subsidized and healthy vegetarian meals. a chiropractor. illness and turnover will go down while loyalty. They 35 should be provided with flexible working hours. people love to work there and they work hard so much so that it has become an unspoken ethic. An environment of openness.

2. 5. I went to see a ___________________ to get treatment.A Task 5: Complete the crossword puzzle. The company is building a gymnasium as part of the ___________ campaign for its employees. 158 . There was a note of _______________ when he talked about the company‘s future. 8. 6. Due my bad back pain. The President of the company was a man of the highest ______________ as he practices what he preaches. The building where I work at is old but it is _______________ appealing to anyone who appreciates work of art. The workers were able to _________________ changes in the company due to their positive attitude. 7. 4. 3. Khairy does not seem _____________ about his new job. The new hotel has a _____________ for nature lovers who love to view the natural habitat of insects and birds. 3 2 7 1 C 6 8 B E P S N 5 H W T T E 4 N T P L Clues 1.

vi. Why is the ―Emotional Intelligence‖ factor important for the leaders and employees? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ ii. ii. Answer the following questions. i. ―head hitting the pillow at night with a smile on your face‖ ―it‘s an unspoken ethic‖ ―makes a difference‖ ―are responsible for our own morale‖ ―open door policies‖ ―walking the talk‖ 2. What do you think the expressions below mean? i. iv. iii. How do employees at Malaysia Steel Works know that what they do ―makes a difference‖? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ iv. What has contributed to the workers at a private hospital in Kuala Lumpur being able to accept rapid changes in a company? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ 159 . What makes the Melta Molding Systems possess a highly productive and loyal workforce? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ iii. v.A Task 6: Complete the tasks. 1.

160 .v. how can you summarize the expression ― a happy employee is a productive employee‖? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ Language Focus The Passive Voice Rule 1 The passive voice is used when we wish to stress the importance of the action or the object rather than the doer. Passive: I am sure the in-house training programme can be organised by Sarah. Active: I am sure Sarah can organise the in-house training programme. How can companies promote less stressful and more committed working conditions amongst their employees? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ vii. Based on the passage.

every day. Tony Wright wrote the story. Rule 3 The agent is mentioned in the passive voice to complete the sense of the sentence. How is this word pronounced? 161 . day. Passive: The story was written by Prof. Active: Someone observed her lesson yesterday. Passive: Her lesson was observed yesterday. I‟m not often invited to parties. passive: am/is/are cleaned/seen etc.     Somebody cleans this room This room is cleaned every Many accidents are caused by careless driving.Rule 2 The passive voice is used when the agent (doer) is unknown or not clear. Tony Wright. Active: Prof. Study the active and passive forms of the present simple and past simple: Present simple active: clean (s)/see (s) etc.

1. Mrs. passive: was/were cleaned/seen etc. yesterday. I wasn‟t invited. They are going to hand in their essays tomorrow. ___________________________________________________________ 162 . ___________________________________________________________ 6. Semester 7 TESL students will stage a Shakespearean play next week. ___________________________________________________________ 2. Lee ordered Kumar out of the classroom for disrupting the class. He was always praised for his works of art.‘ How much money was stolen? A Task 7: Change the following sentences into the passive voice. The teacher has scolded her students for being disobedient. That famous professor wrote a book on child psychology. The poor boy sold his bicycle to pay his school fees.    Somebody cleaned this room This room was cleaned We were woken up by a loud noise during last night. ___________________________________________________________ 5. yesterday.Past simple active: cleaned/saw etc. ‗Did you go to the party?‘ ‗No. ___________________________________________________________ 4. Example: People always praised him for his works of art. ___________________________________________________________ 3.

___________________________________________________________ 8.7. Someone will take you to the manager‘s office. ___________________________________________________________ 9. I ___________ my curriculum vitae and certificates for your attention. I would be ___________ if you could provide me with some information about the intensive courses which your college is offering. b. The counselor advised the student to stop smoking. They assumed that the answer was correct. c. ___________________________________________________________ 10. Thank you for your letter dated__________ which I received yesterday. 163 . Complete the sentences with words in the box. Apply complain 20th June confirm enclose grateful pleased unfortunately hearing response a. People always speak well of that doctor. ___________________________________________________________ WRITING FORMAL LETTER OF APPLICATION Task 8 Below are examples of phrases used in business letters.

f. I would like to _____________ for the position of Assistant Graphic Artist in your company. Note that there are two sentences for function 3. beginning a letter applying for a job asking for information giving good news giving bad news closing a letter complaining 164 . I am writing to ___________ about the faulty equipment that I bought from your company last week. I am writing in ____________ to your advertisement in The New Straits Times. 2. 5 6. We would be grateful if you could ___________ your reservation for the seminar room in writing. Place the alphabets in the boxes provided. h. 4. We look forward to ___________ from you soon. ____________ I am not available for the interview on the date you suggest in your letter. g. e. I would be ___________ to attend an interview at any time convenient to you. i. 7.d. A Task 9 Match each of the sentences from the exercise above to one of the functions below. 3. 1. j.

Jumbo Airlines. Jalan Kempas 2B. Why don’t you send me an application form and more information about the work of a steward? Hoping to hear from you soon! Lots of love. 9. Applicants must have the following:    20-30 years of age Possess at least SPM Grade 1 Able to converse well in the English language and Malay Language.Box 58923. Dear Mr or Mrs. I have put my c. Other languages an advantage. Selangor 165 . Read his letter of application and improve the letter based on some of the phrases provided. asking for confirmation saying that you are sending something with the letter Task 10 Helmy Saputra is interested in applying for the post of Flight Steward. I am 23 years old and I have a Diploma. Jalan semangat. Petaling Jaya. P.v. Tg. JUMBO AIRLINES Flight Steward Jumbo Airlines is currently looking for friendly.O. Malim Perak D. I would love to attend an interview whenever and wherever you like.8. Jalan Semangat.O. 6th June 2008 Interested candidates can write to: Jumbo Airlines Inc.3.R. Helmy No. P.Box 58923. Petaling Jaya. Applying for flight steward I saw your advertisement in the New Sun Times and I want to be a flight steward in your company. Proton City. serviceoriented males who take pride in their performance and appearance. with this letter so that you would know my background and what I am good at.

qualifications and relevant experience if any. 166 . 31350 Ipoh. Write a letter of application attaching your certified certificates. KINGSTON COLLEGE LECTURER Must # possess a degree in education # have good communication skills # enjoy working with young adults # be interested in a career in education Write in to: The Principal. 189 Jalan Tun Ismail. Kingston College. You see the following advertisement in the newspaper.Task 11 You are interested in a career as a college lecturer. State your particulars.

SUMMARY Tick here if you have understood Main Skills Listening Sub Skills Listening to a radio interview Listening Comprehension Speaking about dream job Job satisfaction interview Notes Speaking Reading Reading Vocabulary Reading Comprehension Phrases in business letter Improving a letter of application Formal letter of application The Passive Voice Writing Grammar 167 .

The house _____________________ (damage) a few days ago. 7. 12. 5. 168 .SELF ASSESSMENT Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks with the correct verb in the brackets. Yoghurt _____________________ (make) from milk. general elections _____________________ five years. One thousand people ________________ (employ) there. An art gallery is where great paintings __________________ (display). You ____________________ (take) there soon. You _____________________ (invite) to the party. Originally the book _____________________ (write) in Chinese and later it _____________________ (translate) into English. 2. 11. 4. It's a big company. In Malaysia. Many accidents _____________________ (cause) by dangerous driving. More than half of the Earth ____________________ (cover) by water. I was driving quite fast but I _____________________ (overtake) of other cars. Water ____________________ (cover) more than half of the Earth. There's no need to worry. 3. 1. Why didn't you go ? 6. (hold) every 8. 13. by lots 9. The main door to the faculty ____________________ (lock) at 5pm every day. 10.

This room looks different. my luggage ___________________ (steal) at the airport. 18. 16. While I was on holiday. I can‘t find my ring. ( I / paint / it / ) ___________________________________________________ 3. My family house is quite old. there was somebody behind us. ( I think / it / steal ) ___________________________________________________ 169 . Exercise 2 Make sentences from the words in brackets. Example: Have you ever been robbed? (I/rob/yesterday) I was robbed yesterday 1. Work started three months ago and _____________________ (expect) to open next year. Use either active or passive verb. (I think / we / follow) ___________________________________________________ 2. 15.14. The parcel ___________________ (post) last Thursday and it ____________________ (arrive) the very next day. 17. A new school _____________________ (build) near the junction. It _____________________ (build) in 1819 by my great grandfather. Last night. The cruise ship ____________________ (sink) rather quickly but all passengers ____________________ (save). He _____________________ (build) it with his own bare hands.

4. _________________________________________________ 2. ( somebody / take / it ) ____________________________________________________ 5. ( it / blow down / by the storm ) __________________________________________________ Exercise 3 Identify and correct the errors in the following sentences. Rewrite the sentences into the passive voice. Amy has a better position now. ( she / redecorate / it ) ____________________________________________________ 7. _________________________________________________ 170 . The printer broke down yesterday. ( it /repair/ immediately) ________________________________________________ 8. A good film was show in the cinema yesterday. I can‘t find my book. 1. The police was shoot in the crossfire. _________________________________________________ 4. Sue can't sleep in her room now. A tree was lying across the road. but now it's fine. ( She / promote / last month ) ____________________________________________________ 6. Are you sure the door were shut just now? _________________________________________________ 3. Korean is teaching at this faculty.

Read up and write down: English for communication 2. London: Cassell. The baby was being awake by the loud noise at 4am. & Nor Azmi Mostafa. Many songs are being rendered at the party last night. I had not inform about the new meeting venue. 171 . Tanjung Malim. (1997). & Triggs. _________________________________________________ 6. The students was being split up into groups of three. _________________________________________________ 7. Perak: UPSI Publisher. _________________________________________________ 9. Reflective teaching in secondary education. P. Not much can being wrote about the new actor as he is a very private person. _________________________________________________ 10. (2009). _________________________________________________ 8. L. Pollard.5. _________________________________________________ REFERENCES Leela Chakrabarty. The student‘s speech can easily been understood. A.

18-25 year olds (mostly) and 26-34 year olds d. Gen Y at the workplace b. environmentally friendly place. No longer the issue of loyalty. Speakers: Gina Sulaiman. accept any suitable answers Task 2 Accept any logical/relevant answers Task 3 Mission and Purpose:   Do you have a good understanding of the mission and goal of this organization? Do you know how your work directly contributes to the success of this organization?  Teamwork and Communication:   Is teamwork practiced and encouraged in this organization? Are you able to voice your opinion to your immediate boss? 172 . Contemporary design in the workplace. a radio host.ANSWER KEY Task 1 1. They don‘t work hard enough and can be very demanding c. people are willing to leave jobs when they are dissatisfied e. a. mobile working environment and flexible working hours 3. a Hob Space Columnist in the Asia Week Magazine Topic: Gen Y at the workplace Task: Listen for specific information 2. and Jason Khoo.

3. 5.Opportunities for growth   Do you receive training to enable you to perform well in your job area? Do you find your job stimulating? Compensation   Are you satisfied with your current pay? When was the last time that you got your bonus? Respect for Employees   Do you feel being respected at your workplace? Do you feel your talent is being valued at work? Workplace and Resources   Is your workplace comfortable for you? Do you have enough resources that enable you to perform well in your job? Task 4 Accept any possible solutions Task 5 1. 4. Enthusiastic Aesthetically Chiropractor Naturalpath Wellness Optimism Embrace Integrity 173 . 8. 7. 2. 6.

iv. Accept any logical/relevant answer. 10. iv. You will be taken to the manager‘s office by someone. ii. Task 7 1. vi. Shakespearean play will be staged by final semester TESL students. 5. The students were advised by the counselor to stop smoking. respect and appreciation for their employees contribution to the company. Everyone seems to know what they are supposed to do. v. The students have been scolded by the teacher for being disobedient. vi. Lee out of the classroom for disrupting the class. Responsible for the values that you put into your work. Their essays will be handed in tomorrow. v. Able to contribute productively to the company. 174 . Their efforts are recognized and supported. The answer was assumed correct by them.Task 6 Question 1 i. clean and aesthetically pleasing. 6. Kumar was ordered by Mrs. 4. Feeling very satisfied with your day at work. 9. To relate effectively and understand others to build good relationships. The bicycle was sold by the poor boy to pay his school fees. Opportunities for developing problem solving and communication skills were provided. iii. 2. The company builds a workplace that is healthy. 3. Leaders do what they preach. That doctor has always been spoken well of. 7. Less procedures and red tapes in meeting with immediate bosses. The book on child psychology was written by that famous professor. willingness to understand and mutual support at all levels. Support from the management through resources and growth opportunities as well as good pay. 8. ii. Question 2 i. Establishing an environment of openness. iii.

are employed 11. 20th June grateful enclose unfortunately pleased complain hearing confirm response apply Task 9 1. c. will be taken 5. 4. g. was overtaken 10. was damaged 4. i. 8. is covered 12. are held 8.Task 8 a. 6. 9. was written / was translated 9. covers 175 . h. 2. 5. were invited 6. j. d. are displayed 7. e. b. is made 3. 7. 2. a j b e d g f h c Self Assessment Exercise 1 1. 3. f. are caused.

was stolen 15. I was not informed about the new meeting venue or I had not been informed about the new meeting venue. 4. The baby was awaken by the loud noise at 4am. 7. I painted it or I have painted it. She was promoted last month. Korean is taught at this faculty. 2. It was blown down by the storm Exercise 3 1.13. 10. 7. was posted / arrived 17. Not much can be written about the new actor as he is a very private person. 6. A good film was shown in the cinema yesterday. 176 . I think it was stolen or I think it has been stolen. 8. was built / built 18. 5. 4. Somebody took it or somebody has taken it. The student‘s speech can easily be understood. I think we were followed or I think we were being followed. 5. It was repaired immediately. is being built / is expected Exercise 2 1. 6. The students were split up into groups of three. Are you sure the door was shut just now? 3. 3. The police was shot in the crossfire. 2. Many songs were rendered at the party last night. 9. She is redecorating it. sank / were saved or is sinking / have been saved 16. is locked or will be locked or is going to be locked 14. 8.

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