Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

RUFORUM/SADC PROPOSAL, SCIENTIFIC WRITING AND  COMMUNICATION WORKSHOP 
Skills Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa

Workshop Report Submitted by RUFORUM to SADC 

East and Southern Africa Management Institute (ESAMI), 20 to 25 April, 2009 Arusha, Tanzania

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Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

Table of Contents Cover page Table of Contents Acknowledgements Acronyms and abbreviations 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 Summary Introduction Workshop purpose and objectives Workshop approach and orientation Workshop achievements and outputs Participants evaluation of the training and learning process Workshop Photographic Gallery Appendices Appendix 1: Participants’ Profiles Appendix 2: Programme profiles Appendix 3: Summary of participants expectations, fears and suggested interventions Appendix 4: Workshop evaluation form 9.0 Annex 1: Original evaluation forms as completed by participants 1 2 3 4 5 7 10 10 17 20 29 40 40 49 54 57 58

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Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

Acknowledgements
The Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture thanks the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) through its ICART Programme for supporting this important workshop on strengthening capacity of SADC members in proposal development, scientific writing and communication skills. RUFORUM is especially grateful to the ICART team for guiding the design of the workshops to ensure that SADC priorities are met, and that these skills development workshop contribute to wider goals. We extend our gratitude to the facilitators Prof. Obura, Dr. Tenywa and Dr. Nampala for the excellent training course that they have been able to deliver. We also thank Dr. Jane Alumira, ICART Staff and all those who in one way or the other contributed significantly during the workshop, we extend our sincere thanks and appreciation on your valuable contribution toward the success of this workshop. The management and staff of ESAMI, who offered and maintained the conference space and taking care of the participants during the workshop period, are also acknowledged. The success of the workshop was largely dependent on the commitment of the trainers, participants, ICART Staff. They were excellent individuals who worked so hard and diligently through out the workshop period and some times for extended hours without grumbling or sneaking out. To them we extend our sincere gratitude.

RUFORUM SECRETARIAT

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Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

Acronyms and Abbreviations
ASTD AU CAADP ECA FAAP FANR FARA GE IAR4D ICART IR4D MDG NEPAD RUFORUM R&D R4D SADC Agricultural Science and Technology for Development African Union Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Programme Eastern and Central Africa region Framework for African Agricultural Productivity Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Directorate Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Genetic Engineering Integrated Agricultural Research for Development Implementation and Coordination of Agricultural Research and Training Integrated Research for Development Millennium Development Goals New Partnership for African Development Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture Research and Development Research for Development Southern Africa Development Cooperation

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Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

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Summary

In the Eastern, Central and Southern African (ECSA) region (excluding the Republic of South Africa), Agriculture remains the mainstay of the economies and supports livelihood strategies of more than 280 million people surviving on more than 300 million hectares. The natural resources of the region are exploited through agricultural activities. This makes the resources vulnerable to biophysical constraints such as drought, diseases and pests, declining soil fertility and agro biodiversity as well as economic externalities that affect trade. The Framework for African Agricultural Productivity (FAAP) of the AU-CAADP stresses the need to mobilize Science and Technology to deliver for enhancing agricultural production and value addition. In order to make the region a major actor in agricultural trade and bio-resources; food and nutrition security; wealth creation; sustainable use of resource base; and a strategic player in Agricultural Science and Technology Development (ASTD), Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) is keen on developing the capacity of the NARS scientists to enable them to be competent and relevant in promoting Research for Development (R4D) in the ECSA region. It is on this background that RUFORUM organized the Proposal Development, Scientific writing and Communication skills Workshop for ECSA-NARS scientists with the following objectives: • Develop competitive research and training proposals; • Relate research to development; • Produce scientific publications for peer reviewed journals; and • Design appropriate communication products. RUFORUM, has among its mandates, capacity enhancement of researchers and scientists in universities and the NARS of its member countries, in the aspects of scientific writing for access to competitive research grants, scholarly publishing and production of knowledge and communication products. For this purpose, a groundbreaking workshop targeting scientists drawn from the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Region was conducted at Gaborone in Botswana in September 2008 to cater for institutions in the Southern Africa. The effort was very successful and as a follow up a similar workshop was arranged in Arusha Tanzania in April 2009 to benefit other scientists, particularly those that had made attempt to respond to previous ICART Expression of Interest (EOI) but did not win grants. Four participants that attended the previous training were invited to interact with the facilitators as part of the process of training of trainers with a view to build resident capacity within the region. Participants were drawn from SADC countries including Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Their mother institutions included universities, national research systems, government departments, private sector and other organizations. The focus of the workshop objectives was to enhance capacity in scientific writing for competitive grants, peer review publications and other communication products/research outputs. The approach was highly participatory and hands-on, and was catalyzed by theoretical expositions commensurate with the current donor trends and expectations; captivating terminologies and writing styles for both technical and non-technical publications. The process was beneficial to all participants but most especially to those without or with limited insights in research for development. The participation of the SADC ICART officials greatly enriched the process.

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The objectives of the workshop were achieved and among the outputs of the workshop.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   Generally. 2009. was enhanced cohesion and networking among participants from the participating countries and diversity of institutions and disciplines. Arusha. Summary of participants description of the Workshop and Learning Process 6 . which enabled a multidisciplinary mix. group profiling. 20‐25 April. was instrumental in breaking barriers to multidisciplinary team building across institutions represented in the region.

co. So we should try to respond to the CEI sent to us by Upright in order to enjoy fruits of the training. Apr 28. 2009 at 8:38 PM. Martin Kimanya <mekimanya@yahoo.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. It was well presented!. agricultural research for development (AR4D) and integrated research for agricultural development (IAR4D). Martin (Knowledge)” The Workshop was a resounding success with several testimonies to the effect such as the above quote from Martin Kimanya’s correspondence. they should communicate their findings to their peers and to the broader community. Scientific writing. This shows that success in proposals and publications is on our way. regional and national research and outreach dynamics to be able to maintain relevance with public interests. Universities are in the most challenging positions of paradigm shift as the research grants focus shifts towards agricultural research and development (R&D). Comments from those who attended my oral presentation in Belgium today > (28/04/2009) show that the fruits of the good work done by our facilitators are ripe and should be picked out for our use as soon as possible. 2. Nevertheless. 2009. Universities and indeed the entire National Agricultural Research System as partners in the research and innovation processes must maintain a system of tooling or retooling their staff to dynamically respond to global. To support these activities NARS scientists undertake training to develop the required skills and competencies and also conduct research to advance knowledge. On the other hand. including policy makers and other relevant stakeholders. dreary efforts in developing grants and the eliminative conditions placed on them. Tanzania   “On Tue.0 Introduction Many scientists in Africa find it increasingly difficult to access research grants owing to the continuously dwindling support from various development partners. once the research is completed. To source for such funds. However. the capacity for Proposal development. Along with formulation of wining proposals. they need funding to support their research and other activities. I thank you all for your good wishes. Arusha. With best regards. 20‐25 April.uk> wrote: > Dear All. the NARS scientists must write fundable proposals to the relevant funding agencies. is the challenge of competitive scholarly publishing and developing effective knowledge communication products for various audiences to achieve the intended impact. and more lately. This deficiency 7 . I appreciate the way we are showing commitment to the team work spirit as > was emphasised at ESAMI. National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) scientists play important roles in developing and generating technologies for innovations. and Communication Skills is weak in several NARS in sub-Saharan Africa.

The training activities would then subsequently be done periodically at individual NARS level. Such trainings will also provide opportunities for NARS scientists to meet and learn from one another and also forge working relationship. inform policy makers and is also communicated to the broader audience. relevant stakeholders. Tanzania   has been recognized in several fora. To support scaling up. in scientific writing skills for grant winning proposals and competitive scholarly publication. RUFORUM is of the view that initially it is more efficient to tackle these deficiencies by group learning events organized for the benefit of scientists from various NARS in the SADC region at large. In particular.org) and during the Southern African Development Community (SADC)Implementation and Coordination of Agricultural Research and Training (ICART) competitive grant process. four participants who participated in previous proposal and scientific writing sessions were invited to shadow the facilitators. with a good representation of women (Appendix 1 – Participants Profiles). Scientific Writing and Communication skills for NARS scientists in the SADC region. a training of trainers would be needed. 2009. by the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Kenneth Caula (from Malawi) 8 . Rather than provide such skill enhancement training at the individual NARS level. RUFORUM would like to see greater contribution of African scientists to global knowledge. For this purpose. The underlying assumption in the design and module delivery was that the trained group would eventually out-scale the skills acquired to the wider staff communities in their institutions as well as mentor especially the young scientists. RUFORUM is keen to see that research funds are sourced and that research findings are shared among peers. see www. In addition. Thus. 20‐25 April.ruforum. The training attracted over 30 scientists from the region. Arusha. It was through appreciation of this that the RUFORUM continues to mount training workshops to enhance staff from the NARS in the SADC and indeed other regions. RUFORUM has initiated a process to strengthen Proposal development.

S. R. Tanzania   Lilian Mukandiwa (Zimbabwe) Silvia Mausse Sitoe and Martin Kimanya A highly intensive training programme was the basis for training (Appendix 2 – Programme Profiles). Participants were divided into two groups. 2009. Arusha.K. Obura) were engaged for this purpose. Three experienced consultants from Makerere University in Uganda (Dr. 9 . 20‐25 April. J. and Egerton University (Prof.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Paul Nampala). Tenywa & Dr. and a set of facilitators and SADC staff interacted with each of the two groups.

4. 10 . 2009. The main objective was to strengthen the capacity of NARS scientists in Southern Africa in competitive proposal preparation and scientific writing. There were scheduled presentations and discussions led by experienced resource persons. After attending this skill enhancement training. Arusha. and • Design appropriate communication products. • Produce scientific publications for peer reviewed journals. • Relate research to development. Strengthen capacity for production of educational and extension communication products. Strengthen capacity for capacity building in formulation of grant winning proposals and competitive knowledge and communications products Foster multidisciplinary team building and cohesion within and among scientists in the SADC region. group work. 3. The training was participatory and interactive.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. scientific writing and communicating skills of SADC-NARS scientists.0 Workshop purpose and objectives The purpose of this learning event was to update skills in Proposal development. 20‐25 April.0 Approach and orientation of the workshop The training included presentations by the resource persons. Resource persons were Experienced Specialists who routinely teach and offer training in Proposal development. The primary objectives of the workshop included: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Introduce and/or share experiences in scientific writing for developing interdisciplinary grant winning proposals and competitive manuscripts for publication in peer reviewed journals. plenary discussions and experience sharing as well as computer based practicals. NARS scientists would be able to: • Develop competitive research and training proposals. Tanzania   Dr. Jane Alumira of the ICART Project attended all sessions of the training and presented key highlights of the ICART Programme.

The detailed account of the participants expectations. The group exercises and other computer-based practical and experience sharing were designed to expose the participants to aspects of proposal and scientific writing in line with the premise of the workshop. In addition to this. The workshop adopted adult learning principles to facilitate the learning by the participants through participation. activity based reflections and discussions with major emphasis on participatory approaches coupled with games and other focused energizers. Initially. Intensive discussion opportunities were offered to the participants during the sessions. all participants went through a joint plenary session which enabled them present their (i) expectations from the workshop. 20‐25 April. • Minimizing any possible disruptive behaviour during the workshop by managing disagreements and strong views among participants. The participants were expected to develop analytical and integration frameworks and guidelines based on relevant individual. internalization and ownership of concepts.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. The workshop emphasized practical application. fears and suggested interventions to the fears formed the milestones for evaluation of the training workshop. fears and suggested interventions are presented in Appendix 3. (ii) fears that would hinder achievement of the expectations. The training involved presentations. needs. institutional and discipline-based proposal writing capacities. The participants’ workshop expectations. Participating NARS scientists were also expected to actively contribute to this learning event. The workshop intended to realize a plan to strengthen individual and institutional proposal writing skills. and (iii) plausible intervention to mitigate the fears. • Sifting and sorting information reach conclusions and bringing the workshop to a logical closure. The training was heavily participatory and interactive. This was done to (i) purposely customize the workshop to the participants’ needs. The approaches and methodologies for the training program entailed a combination of training methods like interactive presentations. group work. resources. The training approach was based on Experiential Learning Cycle for adult learners. The facilitator responsibilities included: • Designing and implementing the entire Workshop Programme. methods and output by the participants. 2009. • Coaching and providing timely guidance and feedback to help participants to complete their assigned tasks. (ii) establish a cross-cutting baseline of knowledge training needs among the diverse participants. • Working with groups and influencing them with humility and skilfully steering them to reach conclusions on the task at hand. Arusha. discussion and experience sharing as well as computer-based practical exercises. There were short and diverse presentations and discussions led by the facilitators to precede the group discussions and plenary presentations. brainstorming exercises was also used throughout the workshop. 11 . but enriched with facilitators’ guiding highlights in plenary sessions prior to most items on the programme. The 6-day training was dominantly hands-on. situations and experiences. and (iii) initiate and ensure a participatory process that would be maintained throughout the workshop. Tanzania   scientific writing and components of Communication skills.

but rather there to guide the process. with no stake in the meeting agenda per se. Creativity. The approach was to ensure balance in contributions so that at the end of the meeting every participant is happy of the outcome.this workshop was not a chairman type. Inclusiveness. Informality.Facilitators urged the participants to open up and intelligibly present their ideas. Participants were encouraged to ask any question.The workshop was organised by RUFORUM.was key to creating a relaxed atmosphere for free interaction and active participation by all. This is the reason why the sitting arrangement is in the sense that in will encourage active participation of all. Participants were encouraged to ensure that nothing was hidden under the carpet or the table. Open dialogue/multilogue. 2009. The process was designed to be flexible in order to cater for any emergent burning issues. Honesty and Political incorrectness – In consideration of the observation that people tend to be polite especially when real sensitive issues are discussed. • • • • • • • • 12 . thus giving priority to the quiet ones if they speak up or prod them if they remain quiet.participants were encouraged to think beyond the box. • Appreciation of any contribution . without compromise to delivery of principles and key aspects of the programme. so that at the end of the meeting no one goes home with unanswered questions. Tanzania   The joint plenary session was conducted by the facilitators. the key assumption was that not every body was familiar with scientific writing and communication concepts. so there were to be no one way communication but rather an open dialogue. Obura) to guide engagement during the sessions included: • Ownership.there was no stupid question. and thus put the real issues under the carpet. Flexibility.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Integrity – It was stressed the facilitators were independent.The meeting did not have a rigid agenda. but the process was meant to be co-created together with the participants in order to have their active input to it. Transparency.It was indicated that the facilitators would foster the participation of everybody. They were challenged to continuously re-assess their perceptions in order to see if there could be new thinking or new way of seeing things. 20‐25 April. The core values of the workshop that were shared by the facilitators (presented by Prof. Arusha. which was very useful in generating new ideas and presented avenues for discussing issues exhaustively.

the facilitators were instrumental in allaying the fears in light of the realities of meaningful development and implementation of IAR4D projects. The final PAPA is presented in the subsequent section. Team-spirit prevailed at all times and the working environment was extremely cordial. Arusha. However. This was earlier on resisted by some participants who believed in maintaining their disciplinary groups. which requires multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary approaches. 2009. Participants were treated to abroad array of energizers to keep awake and active through the long sessions. 13 . this was useful in galvanizing the teams and indeed team spirit prevailed throughout the training. 20‐25 April. Multidisciplinary groups and sub-groups were used as a means to ensure effective participation and learning. Additionally.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. The participants also chose unique adjective as “nick names” that were used in the workshop as part of a strategy to dissolve professional titles. The groups formed the focal points for the hands-on exercises. Tanzania   The approach to engaging the participants in fruitful activities during and after the workshop through the Participant Action Plan Approach (PAPA) was presented.

all plenary sessions were guided by the facilitators The approach was intensively hands-on catalyzed by theoretical expositions commensurate with the current donor trends and expectations. Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   The approach was intensively hands-on and group outputs were discussed in plenary sessions for further insights. 14 . 20‐25 April. captivating terminologies and writing styles for both scientific and non-technical publications. 2009.

 Tanzania   Facilitators presented theoretical expositions and practical examples The process was relatively challenging to most participants. 15 . 20‐25 April. Arusha. especially those who lacked or had limited insights in research for development.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. by the nature of the modules. 2009. all these became immaterial progressively. However. Aspects of inter-multidisciplinary and participatory approaches appeared unusual to many.

 2009. 20‐25 April. development of the goal. Arusha. the most striking challenge for proposal development was the Logical Framework Approach (LFA) and process which involved participants in intensive problem analysis. and eventually the logframe itself as the first and foremost components in project development. most of them had felt that the approach was cumbersome and unnecessary. purpose.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. This approach was new to more than 50% of the participants. Despite the initial difficulties in adjusting to the new approach. challenge for developing resource scholarly Additionally. Tanzania   By and large. i.e.. results/outputs and activities was particularly challenging. problem and objective tree construction. Linking proposals and/or research projects to technical publications tailored to specific audiences was the most significant competitive materials. 16 . participants finally appreciated the value of the LFA and the logframe in focusing and directing the writing process.

platforms for future regional collaboration and networking among participants were laid-out. (vi) 17 . Overall. Perceived disciplinary walls were reduced significantly. Participants realized the importance of not having to rush to literature in developing interpretation of results and discussion and appreciated that literature should be used to substantiate own work and not vice versa round as is always the case with most writers. Participants embraced the value of the LFA and log frame as a backbone in proposal development. all the objectives of the workshop were met based on participants’ assessment. Tanzania   For technical publications. Arusha. despite the limited time for group work and hands-on. participants realized the benefits of teaming up even in areas slightly different from their traditional disciplinary confines. the biggest challenge was the linking project out puts to publications and designing relevant communication products for various audiences. country action plans were also discussed and presented during the closing plenary session. 5.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. The country action plans were still very preliminary but served as strong indicators of willingness to swing into action with regard to applying the skills gained and also as avenues for initiating collaboration within the SADC region. In addition. Potential synergies for close collaboration were realized and enhanced. 20‐25 April. All modules presented and other relevant reference materials valuable for the participants and others in their institutions were provided to participants as resource materials both in soft copy format.0 Workshop achievements and outputs Virtually. the major achievements can be summarized as: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Capacity in scientific writing for grant winning proposals and for publication in peer reviewed journal was strengthened. 2009. Participants generated through a participatory process a Participants Action Plan using the PAPA.

• train others in proposal writing and scientific communication. Tanzania   Participants resolved to implement the following actions: • brief colleagues at respective institutions and share resource materials. 2009. share biodata to enhance communication and identification of collaborators. 20‐25 April. Arusha. • • develop winning proposals. 18 . and • develop and disseminate knowledge communication products.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

. I met with my regional team on Se in Soils and HIV & AIDS mitigation. I am just settling back in my office after one week in Pretoria right from Tanzania. 2009. but I hope it sustains and transforms into equally enthusiastic actions. 2009 2:03 PM From: "m. 6 May. Thank you so much for your positive attitude towards the workshop and that you are home and dry.marake" <mv. I am not sure what kind of opium the Ruforum team overdosed all of you with . -----Original Message----- Further indications of Workshop Achievements submitted by participants Thursday.ls> Hi grazy team..marake@nul.This gives them opportunity to copy the intricate dancing styles of the young ones thereby enabling them display with tingling ecstancy their wriggling of figure &. Arusha. outputs. James 19 . I may be the last to respond because in our African traddition we believe that the elders are the last to go on the dancing floor. 20‐25 April.unima. I had to go to the library several times to settle arguments about activities.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 2009 11:34 AM From: "James B.mw> Dear All. Chimphamba" <jameschimphamba@chanco. Tanzania   Wednesday. Well you all have a lovely day Marake. Warmest regards. Now the stage is set for the King. outcomes & impacts. 30 April.

For details of the evaluation. 20‐25 April.on target) 5 Hard copies of the completed evaluation forms are available as Annex 1 of the hard copy version of this report. Tanzania   6. please refer to the original hard copies1 completed by participants (Annex 1).Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.0 Participants’ evaluation of the training and learning process A summary of participants’ evaluations is as presented below. 2009. Impact of Workshop from the standpoint of what participants gained from the experience Not at all 1 How well did the workshop meet its objective? On target 5 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Level of objectives met (Not at all . 1 20 . Arusha. A.

substantial) 5 Application of the skills 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Likelihood of applying the concepts (very little . Tanzania   New knowledge/skills acquired Very little 1 Substantial 5 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Level of new skills acquired (very little .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.substantial) 5 21 . Arusha. 20‐25 April. 2009.

 Arusha.substantial) 5 22 . 20‐25 April. Tanzania   Expectations met 50 45 40 35 30 % Response 25 20 15 10 5 0 1 2 3 4 Level of expectations met (very little . 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

 Tanzania   B. Arusha.Outstanding) 5 23 .Outstanding) 5 Content of hand outs 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of content of handouts (Poor . 20‐25 April. 2009. Overall assessment on the suitability of the methods and materials used in the training Clarity of hand outs Poor 1 Outstanding 5 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of clarity of handouts (Poor .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

 Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   Clarity of visual aids 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of clarity of visual aids (Poor .Outstanding) 5 Content of visual aids 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of content of visual aids (Poor .Outstanding) 5 24 . 2009. 20‐25 April.

Outstanding) 5 C. 2009. 20‐25 April. Keep it up Problem tree. and I gained a lot since I have been struggling in this area. Tanzania   Plenary discussions 45 40 35 30 25 % Response 20 15 10 5 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of plenary discussions (Poor . This was more valuable because it provided me hands on what I am supposed to do later Proposal development approach and publication of policy briefs The project problem tree approach and its linkage to objectives and finally leading to budgeting The oral presentation of the facilitators. Arusha. tips on proposal writing. because they are well prepared to do it. • • • • • • • • • • • What aspect of the workshop/materials was most valuable to you? Why? Writing skills. team building.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. The presentation pointed clearly on how to go about these aspects. preparing objectives because this is usually where we fail in project planning Scientific writing because I have floating data that from the knowledge gained I will be able to publish 25 . Identification and justification of research problem Communication skills and elimination of words because it improved my quality of presentation Doing group work in developing different components of the project proposal and critiquing the outcomes. I had done my publications based on experience but not enough to train others Logical framework – as a summary of all the components of the research proposal and a good entry point for proposal development Writing the introduction and tips. all presentations and facilitators very enlightening.

So everything would be put to good use and see what comes out at the end The power point presentations were well prepared Linking the proposal with the report production and publication. Give presentation and then have the participants work on proposal writing and publications More time should time should be allowed for the plenary sessions. This is because I am yet to have my publication and knowing the do’s and don’ts is a great help. materials were excellent. 2009. This is mainly due to the fact that I was actually learning. 20‐25 April. More examples were focused on university-based and research proposals Portioning the session into 2 parts: (1) Proposal writing 3 – 5days. Arusha. the accommodation and other workshop facilities were not good • • • • • • • • • • 26 . This was new knowledge for proposal development Almost all the presented materials were valuable. For some of the presentations. Multidisciplinary groups help to understand more things and exchange experiences From the technical point of view. the slides were overloaded with text and the font was not consistent Would equally cover what goes in development and research proposals – especially on examples. Because it has helped me to understand how to start writing my report and publication Writing skills for publications. making effective teams for collaboration Discussions in groups. I also find myself giving presentations to various audiences and I learnt a lot of skills at this meeting Linking proposals to reports and publications because of the valuable guidelines presented Choosing a research team. The long sessions only lead to boredom and lack of concentration Time allocation. Tanzania   • • • • • • • • • • • D. one week as clearly not enough and some things were just too compressed in trying to cover everything. presentations well facilitated and encouraged a high level of participation What aspect of the workshop/materials would you change? Why? The M & E session was well presented but too brief and would be useful if we had additional material on this aspect. (2) Scientific writing 3 – 5 days.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. a lot was covered in too short a time and it was obvious that we need more time to assimilate Time table (program) was too crowded – Need to set aside time for participants to get free air for effective learning Venue – not conducive for a workshop of this nature. Scientific writing for journals and oral presentation skills. Also networking with/meeting other scientists in SADC. This is because the composition of a team determines success or failure Dos and don’ts in proposal writing – This is important because elements of writing were emphasized which are essential for proposal writing Proposal writing in particular problem tree (problem identification) objective development and log frame development. one week for paper development for publication Manual (hand outs) quality needs improvement Separate hands on from lectures. It should take two weeks: one week for proposal development.

papers targeted for publication. As I have already said.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. It will take off a lot of pressure on time. data. Otherwise delegates were so mature and dedicated to the training SADC/ICART needs to convene more training in the region for proposal writing so that the region can be equipped. Senior people such as commissioners not likely to disseminate workshop information as they have too many commitments • The training should be followed up by impact evaluation • Run the workshop over a longer period – 7 working days at a venue that promotes teaching and learning • Allow for socialization during the training. Arusha. 2009. 27 . One week is not enough to adequately cover training on scientific writing. all the materials were very valuable and they contain the latest information which could help one come out with a good proposal and effective publication thus improving his/her writing and communication skills Any additional comments or suggestions you might have about the workshop? • Program too compact. Remember: “All work and no play makes Jane a dull girl” E. to me. Allowances for free time is essential. there was limited time for participants to accomplish exercises and hence concentrate on hands-on • The workshop was enlightening and refreshing. Give time for a early break in the evening • Availability of email facilities at the workshop institution is a plus • The last plenary session should have been made earlier to enable the resource persons integrate proposal writing for knowledge generation with those of information sharing and networking • No concrete suggestions at the moment • Schedule too congested – working on Saturday – No please. Venue: accommodation and food – poor quality • Could have 2 weeks for this important training to finish all the contents well and then give participants 4 – 5 days to work on proposals • To benefit more scientists. proposal writing • Target people who are still relatively junior in their systems to be trained. if possible • More working groups. 20‐25 April. may be in the morning we should do the exercises and in the afternoon the presentations • Improve on the venue for future workshops. the workshop could be held at national level within the SADC countries. Just to assist exercises. In future I request the organization to at least send an administration officer to survey venue. Tanzania   • I would change nothing. Keep it up! • RUFORUM could have looked for a better place/hotel for participants. adults need a more relaxed atmosphere • Give enough time for different aspects. • Participants should be told prior to workshop that they should bring a draft proposal.

The paper should be published with help of resource persons I think the program was very tight/congested thus making the resource persons to rush some presentations. Tanzania   • • • Inform participants that they must bring data or ensure that a draft paper should be produced by end of workshop..Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. Improve on lodging arrangements 28 . PhD to some of us. Important: I appeal to RUFORUM to help provide scholarships MSc. 2009. Arusha.

 Arusha. 2009.0 Workshop photographic gallery 29 . Tanzania   7.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April.

 Tanzania   30 . Arusha. 2009. 20‐25 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

 2009. Tanzania   31 . 20‐25 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha.

Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 2009. Tanzania   32 . 20‐25 April. Arusha.

 Tanzania   33 .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha. 20‐25 April. 2009.

 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha. 20‐25 April. Tanzania   34 .

 Tanzania   35 . 2009. Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April.

 Arusha. Tanzania   36 . 20‐25 April. 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   37 . 20‐25 April. 2009. Arusha.

 20‐25 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   38 . 2009. Arusha.

 2009. Tanzania   39 .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha. 20‐25 April.

Head of Land Resources Conservation for Blantyre Agricultural Development Division. Cranfield University. Joel Motswagole. My contact details are: BCA. Zimbabwe.int) and Ms.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tel: +267 3650158.int) 2 40 . Honours Degree in Agricultural Economics which he attained in 2003 from the University of Zimbabwe. Diploma in Agricultural Engineering (Agric. Jonathan Mukuruba is a holder of a Bsc.0 Appendices APPENDIX 1 Participants Profiles2 Shalaulani James Nsoso. Ministry of Agriculture Malawi. 1990. in 2001. Tshegofasto Gower. University of Malawi Coordinator of Waternet – SADC MSc Programme in IWRM (2002 – 2006. Harare.bw or snsoso@bca. were Mr. Arusha. England. Mr. respectively. project appraisal and development. a citizen of Botswana. Long-term Observatory Network for southern Africa.co. New Zealand. University of Malawi. forest fires and landslides for Sub-Saharan Region. selection indigenous breeds for parasite/disease tolerance/resistance and improved productivity and domestication of wild species as alternative farm animals. Bsc – Majoring Biology and Earth Sciences. Vice chairman of Environmental. Managed a SADC course on integrating Soil Conservation into the farming systems (1991 – 95). Excutive member of African Water Forum. Fax +267 3928753 and e-mail: sjnsoso@bca. United Nations Office for the Outer Space Affairs Coordinator for Mapping of Deforestation. 1983. He is currently a Principal Agricultural Economist in the Ministry and has vast experience in research. I work for Botswana College of Agriculture (BCA) as an Associate Professor of Animal Breeding in the Department of Animal Science and Production. a town 42km west of Harare. 1978. Malawi Representative of the international long-term Ecological Research. rural development and monitoring and evaluation. I hold a BSc in Agricultural Science (Honours) and a PhD in Animal Science.uk Other SADC staff in attendance to handle logistic arrangements. Zimbabwe and email address jmukuruba@yahoo. Master of Science in Land and Water Management.bw. 2009. Gaborone. 20‐25 April. James B Chimphamba is a Lecturer in Physical Geography. Soon after college he became a Lecturer in Farm and Agribusiness Management at Chibero Agricultural College in Norton. My research interests are evaluation of indigenous breeds.E). His contact details are: telephone +263 4 797 443. Finance Officer (tgower@sadc. Botswana. agricultural policy formulation and analysis. agricultural planning. University of Malawi. retired from Ministry of Agriculture as Chief Land Management Training Officer (PS). Tanzania   8. business address. 1 Borrowdale Road. agribusiness management. Postgraduate. but complete profiles not presented here. up to end of October 2004. +263 4 797 416. Secretary (tgower@sadc. National College of Agricultural Engineering England. 23years with Department of Land Resources Conservation. both from Lincoln University. He then transferred to the Head Office of the Ministry of Agriculture in Harare to work as an Agricultural Economist. Private Bag 27. which I obtained in November 1990 and April 1996.

Post Graduate Diploma Project Management.University of Nebraska. Currently Department Head: Soil Science. USA. Bsc in Agriculture from Sokoine University Tanzania and an MSc. Arusha. Training. National Plant Genetic Resources Centre. Zambia. Phone: +26 0977 462651. Contact: Work : +26622340601. Bsc.marake@nul. Zimbabwe where I teach Ecology. Researcg and training interests include Soil Science and Environmental Management: Soil Management & Quality.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 2001. Email: ilitongok@yahoo. Tanzania   Makoala V. Bsc. Ilitongo Kaywala. 20‐25 April. He is Senior Lecturer.zw Ntitis Tvoane. Educational Experience: Ph. Lesotho. Member of an International Review Panel for the 5th Research Framework of the European Community.ls.Research Proposals on Agriculture & Land Use. Colorado. Marake.ac. Area of Research: Plant Genetic Resources. Agronomy – Soil Science (1985). Climate Change Adaptation: Inter/transdisciplinary research issues. National University of Lesotho P. Makulu Central Research Institute. Faculty of Agriculture (1993 to Date). November. Conservation Agriculture. Department of Soil Science and Resource Conservation. Ministry of Agriculture. Professional Services: Expert Evaluator . in Tropical Horticulture from University of London. Roma180 Lesotho Mtaita Tuarira Abduel.Colorado State University. Belgium. Brussels. Brussels. Institution: Zambia Agriculture Research Institute. November 2002 to April 2003. Bachelors of Applied Science in Agriculture obtained from Charles Stuart University Australia in 1999. Conservation Soil Scientist (19851987). Natural Resources (University of Zambia). Wetland Soils and Management. Personal e-mail: mv. proposal development and technical writing. Lusaka. I serve the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security in Lesotho as a Chief Agricultural Officer. Inter alia Director of Transformation (2002–2004) National University of Lesotho. USA. Zambia. 2009. Chilanga. Mutare. Forestry & LUP. Research and consultancy in environment.D Soil and Water (1993). leadership & transformation. Mt. Msc. Certificate in Plant Genetic Resources Management. Work Fax: +26622340000. Soil Fertility and Management (1989) . Fruit Production and Principles of Landscaping. I work with Africa University. Lincoln.O. Department of Conservation. conservation and agricultural development. Diploma – Soil & Water Resource Conservation (1983) . Cell : +26658772958. European Community Research Frame Work. Teaching and supervising students at undergraduate and graduate levels. Belgium. Current work: Agriculture Research Officer: Plant Genetic Resources. Tel:+263-020-61611/616775 Email: tamtaita@africau. P/bag 7. Teach a course in research methods incorporating philosophy of science.com 41 .

O. In 1993 completed the MSc in Veterinary Pathology at the same University. Iam responsible for providing guidance.cost@gmail. as a researcher. Tanzania   Rosa Felizarda da Costa. flkayuni@yahoo. Fax. Kenneth. graduated in Veterinary Medicine in 1981. 20‐25 April. P. I have also worked on Women in Agricultural Development Project funded by USAID as a co Researcher. did the Post Graduate/Diploma Course in Veterinary Pathology at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. in Mozambique. In 1998 was appointed Director of the Central Veterinary Laboratory. Fax. Department of Agricultural Extension Services. USA. My contact information is:e mail address. Agricultural Research Institute of Mozambique. Fax +258. Malawi. is also lecturing in Histology. kennethchaula@yahoo. Since 1989 until now. coordinating and monitoring gender. 26501750384 and Postal Address. Department of Agricultural Extension Services. from the Eduardo Mondlane University. From 1984 until 1997. From 2006 to 2008 was the Technical Director of Animal Sciences at the Agrarian Research Institute of Mozambique (IIAM). HIV and AIDS mainstreaming. Arusha. He has experience in formal and informal training of both staff and farmers in Agro enterprise Development. Malawi Chaula W. worked as pathologist and researcher. cell: +265 888 865 180 42 . Farmer Based Organization development and Management. E-mail: rosa. Uppsala. Royal Veterinary College. I have a Bachelors degree in Agriculture obtained from Bunda College of Agriculture and a Master Science Degree in Extension Education obtained from Oregon State University. He has vast experience in Extension Programme Development & Delivery for both staff and farmers.co. He has skills in conducting training needs assessment for both staff and farmers. Private Bag 1922. Current Address: Directorate of Animal Science.co. HIV and AIDS activities. He is a trainer of trainers in Gender.21475172. Participatory Diagnosis.livestock and livelihood: improving market aspects. Small holder Irrigation Project for Rice production and HIV/AIDS project to facilitate mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS and related gender issues in Agricultural Programmes. Her field of interest is diseases in goats and poultry.uk. I work as a Deputy Director in the Department of Agricultural Extension Services which is one of the departments under the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security. the national coordinator for the ICART Lili-Market project. Pathology and Physiopathology at the Eduardo Mondlane University. Box 30145. Box 30145. 26501750384 and Postal Address. Farmers Field Schools and Farmer Business Schools. Mozambique. until 2004. Maputo. Currently she is working at IIAM. 2009. Frieda Lucy Kayuni from Malawi. Telephone + 25821475170/25821475171. Currently Iam interested in doing research on Extension Methodologies that can effectively reach vulnerable groups and Crops and Herbs that can significantly improve the immunity of People Living with HIV. In 1988. and is also implementing a project looking at livestock health problems in the interface areas.uk. at the Great Limpopo conservation area. Lilongwe. In my career I have worked as a gender specialist at Zone level and as In charge of Agricultural Programs at District level. at the Central Veterinary Laboratory.com.O. Lilongwe. P.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Malawian working as Principal Agricultural Extension Officer in the Department of Agricultural Extension Services under Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security in Malawi.

com. Dar es Salaam TANZANIA.O. Harare Email: lmukandiwa@agric. Martin is a member of several scientific committees in Tanzania and has co-authored several peerreviewed publications. Tel: 263-4-303211 ext 1409 or 263-912 697 058 Jane Alumira. Email: Mekimanya@yahoo. Maputo. PhD. Principal Agric Research Officer/Bean Breeder. Tel.ac. +267 395 1863. Currently her research interests are in the use of Ethnoveterinary Medicines and in Rangeland Rehabilitation and she is currently pursuing her PhD Studies in South Africa.int.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Mozambique.int or icart@sadc. Muimui. Tanzania   Mukandiwa Lillian. Botswana. Eduardo Mondlane University as a research assistant.com Martin Epafras Kimanya is a holder of PhD in Applied Biological Sciences (with specialisation in Public Health and Human Nutrition) obtained from Ghent University in Belgium. Campus Universitario. Jane worked and made significant contribution with CGIAR Centres. I currently work at Department of Forestry. Kennedy K. Working as the Bean Programme leader and National Coordinator for the Southern African Bean Research Network (SABRN). Mt. Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry. University of Zimbabwe. Fax: +267 395 1821. Mailing Address: P/Bag 0095. Box 77150. She is a Social Scientist with wide ranging experience in extension pathways/methodologies. She is the Networks Support Officer of the ICART and can be contacted at email address: jalumira@sadc. Arusha. Degree in Animal Science from the University of Zimbabwe. I have been working in fruit flies research since I finish my first degree. smaussesitoe@gmail. Sίlvia Maússe Sitoe. currently working with the Implementation and Coordination of Agricultural Research And Training (ICART) Project under the Food. Martin was born in Tanzania in 1968. Tel. He works with the Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority. Pleasant.O. Department of Forestry. His address is P. P. Presently.mz. Mobile: +258822832810. including ICRISAT under the Challenge Program on Water and Food (CGIAR CPWF). Email: smausse@uem. I am still doing my MSc in forestry and hope to finish early. She holds a BSc (Hons) in Agriculture and an MSc. Working on incorporating biotic and abiotic stresses in bean lines. Gaborone.uz. Faculty of Agriculture. Mozambican and Bsc in Forestry from Eduardo Mondlane University.com. smaussesitoe@yahoo. Contact details: Address: Department of Animal Science. BSc Agric. Dip in crop science). Prior to joining ICART Project. (MSc Plant breeding and Genetics. he holds the position of Manager for Food Evaluation and Registration and is the principal investigator for a project on Risk assessment and management of mycotoxins in foods. 20‐25 April. Box MP167. Address: Eduardo Mondlane University. Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry. lmukandiwa@yahoo./Fax: +25821496238. Working with partners to disseminate preferred bean varieties to farmers and bean-based technologies.uk 43 . Junior Lecturer in the Department of Animal Science at the University of Zimbabwe. Kgale View Offices.zw. 2009. Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Programe of the SADC.co. Edificio 1.

MSc – Agricultural Education .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Contact: Botswana College of Agriculture.uz. Job Experience: Lecturer. Botswana.bw.co. Tanzania   Tafadzwa Chevo is an Assitant Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the University of Zimbabwe. Teaching and supervising students at undergraduate and graduate levels. Social Policy and Social Administration and Qualitative and Quantitative Social Research Methods within the Department of Sociology. Uinversity of Botswana (1994). Arusha. Gaborone. Teaching a course in Research Methods in Education. Agriculture. Soil Chemistry). Bsc Agric). 2009.zw Kanyadzo Taruvinga3 (Swaziland) Moreetsi Thobega. Phone: +267 365 0227. a project sponsered by the United Nations Development Programme.Ministry of Agriculture and Food security. Malawi Tel + 265 1 707 041 Fax + 265 1 707 041 Cell + 265 999 067 350 Email: munthalimw@yahoo. Research Interests Educational programmes development and evaluation procedures. livelihoods and environmental systems in Southern Africa. . BSc. Ph. Moses W. Programme Evaluation and Measurements. Iowa State University. He can be contacted at: tafadzwachevo@hotmail. Program Development and Evaluation. 20‐25 April.D Agricultural Extension Education. Working as a Soil Scientist and Soils Research Commodity Team Leader in the Department of Agricultural Research Services -. He is also is keen on examining the impact of land reforms in Southern Africa and thier policy implications.com or tchevo@social.ac.O Box 158. Education and Extension. Munthali (Msc Agric ( Env. Research interest Areas: soil fertility and water management Contacts: Chitedze Agricultural Research Station. integrating indigenous technical knowledge and other sustainable agricultural innovations to enhance food security. P. His areas of interest are. Botswana College of Agriculture (2002 to date). He is part of the Social Scientists consulting on Social Development challenges in Zimbabwe.uk 3 Biodata not available 44 . He holds a Master of Science Degree in Sociology and Social Anthropology . Private Bag 0027. Analysis of assessment procedures both in school or extension settings. a Bachelor of Science Special Honours Degree in Sociology both from the University of Zimbabwe and a Bachelor of Social Sciences Degree from Africa University in Zimbabwe. Email: mthobega@bca. Department of Agricultural Economics. Tafadzwa specializes in Rural Development . Lilongwe.

Tel: +255 222 866 401 Fax +255 222 866 372. He works for Mozambique Institute For Cotton since 2002. Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives. Mobile: +255 754 929 022 Email: jmvuna2808@yahoo. Box 80908. T. provide technical backstopping to agriculture service providers both public and private. P. is the head of Department for Studies and Projects.mz or ocatine1@yahoo. Kabwe. Mozambique. TANZANIA.gov. working in Makoni District and Wedza District of Zimbabwe. Maputo. 2009. Qualifications: 2003 Masters in Population Studies. For the past four years I have worked with the Tea Research Institute of Tanzania training farmers. analysis and report writing. Extensively worked on questionnaire design for national population census and surveys inclusive of data collection.co. Tanzania   Osvaldo Catine. Email: phirilani2@yahoo. Mobile: +266 5886 5328. Reproductive health and Fertility Contacts: P. Currently. Currently lecturing demography at the National University of Lesotho in the Department of Statistics and Demography. Economics and Demography National University of Lesotho. Research interest: soil fertility management mainly focusing on ensuring food security for smallholder farmer. and Colleges of agriculture. University of Ghent Belgium. Has special interests in soil research work and is involved in Land Evaluation and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for environmental and Soils Research. Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Migration and HIV. nr.ls OR tsoamathe@yahoo.com 45 . and also implementation. Roma 180.A. I am interested in sharing better methodologies for extension service delivery. Lesotho. 1st floor. Supervises Undergraduates from University of Zambia. Telephone: +258-1-431015/6. Copper-belt University. I have experience in soil fertility management and fertilizer and lime recommendations for crop production. ZAMBIA.uk or crsipss@mweb. develop implementation guidelines and extension materials.P A soil scientist currently working as a Senior Research Officer (Crop Nutritionist) at Chemistry and Soil Research Institute of DRSS. His experience is based in Project Planning. mashutak@yahoo.maseribane@nul. Fax: +258-1-430679 Mobile: +258 82 6715 970 or +258 84 2585135 E-mail: dep@iam.br Tauro.com Tel +260 977 712 784 Joyce K. Roma. Contacts: Eduardo Mondlane Avenue. Research interests: Infant and maternal mortality. Lesotho.1999 Bachelor of Arts. and soil fertility improvement using cover crops and agro-forestry. A team member of Soil Fertility Consortium for Southern Africa (SOFECSA). I advise the ministry on policy formulation. Mvuna (MSc.2221. 20‐25 April. Agriculture Education and Extension) a Principal Agriculture Officer working with the Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives under the Extension Services Section . Mozambican. BSc Agriculture University of Swaziland. Box 9192. Interested in Bio-fuel promotion. I have just finished a Degree in Master of Philosophy at the University of Zimbabwe majoring in soil fertility management and ecology. B.com. Kabwe Research Station.O. dare s Salaam. MSc Soil Science. extension staff and participating researchers in tea subject. Monitoring and Evaluation. Tel work: + 266 22340 601 Fax work: +266 22340 000 e-mail: tj. From 2007 up to date.O.zw Tšoamathe ‘Maseribane. University of Natal. Durban campus. Agri-Forestry Engineer by Eduardo Mondlane University.com Mashuta Kalebe.co.

She can be contacted at. Stores Management and Human Resource Management. Administration. She can be contact at: RUFORUM.apio@ruforum. She has worked with various NGO with high positive impact levels in health and education sectors e. Procurement.BOX 1253. Also head of technology transferring at HORTI Tengeru.Uganda. i. irenebirungim@gmail. She holds a Second Upper Bachelors degree in Social Sciences of Makerere University. She finished her Bachelors Office and Information Management at Makerere Business School. and a vast experience in the fields of Procurement. Tanzania. a first class Diploma in Secretarial Science of Kyambogo University formerly ITEK.Currently I am working at SARI as Agricultural researcher in the Department of technology transferring. and currently finalizing a Masters Degree in Organizational Psychology at Makerere University. Uganda. Kampala Uganda. She also has various certificates in several areas. Kampala.com.M is a Ugandan National. TANZANIA 27 Emma Musaba. University of Namibia4 (can be reached at ec. 2009. 20‐25 April.com 4 Biodata not available by the time of report compilation 46 . Address:HORTI TENGERU. PO Box 7062 Kampala. apiojoan@gmail.org. Arusha. Tanzania   Peter J. Mobile +254 772 946 826.musaba@unam. Joan E. Emai:pmakusaro@yahoo. Apio is a Ugandan and Currently pursuing a Masters Degree in Information Technology at the Faculty of Information Communication and Technology. She previously worked with GTV as an administrative Officer for 2 and half years before joining RUFORUM. Email: j. Makerere University.org 29 Ms. Uganda.Mosha. P. Events Management. She is Currently working with Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) as a Programme Assistant under the ICT department.BSc in Agricultural Extension and Education from Sokoine University of Agriculture. Public Relations.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.na 28 Birungi Irene.com.g African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) Uganda as an Administrative Assistant and Developing Human Resources for Health Project (DHRH) a European Union funded Project (17million Euro) first as a Project Administrator and later as a Program Officer.birungi@ruforum. Telephone +256 414 535939.O. including among others Management. She is currently working with RUFORUM Secretariat in Kampala . ICT. Plot 151 Garden Hill Road.

His contact details are: Department of Soil Science. He is the Executive Secretary of the Uganda National Academy of Sciences (UNAS). He has served as technical facilitator in project/proposal development. He has published widely in refereed journals and proceedings.Box 536. an autonomous body established by Government Charter to offer independent evidence-based scientific advice to government and the public. Paul also offers lectures on part-time basis in Crop Protection. Through these engagements. environmental and general natural resource management. eastern Uganda. P. Kampala.O Box 829 . He can be contacted at: P. M. NARIs. He is Scientific Editor of the prestigious African Crop Science Journal.Sc.co.ug Nampala Paul is a Crop Protection specialist (Crop Pest Ecology). She is Head of Natural Resources Management Research Program and Curator of the National Plant Genetic Resources Centre. Insect Pest Ecology. Alabama. Chairperson of the Research Program Committee. Biosafety & Bioethics. technical reports and articles. Currently he is lecturing in areas of soil microbiology and pasture agronomy. Uganda.Sc. Arusha. multicultural and multiracial environments and has gained vast experience. and a doctorate of The Ohio State University in USA (1993). CTA.ac.O. Uganda.mak. 20‐25 April. he is a member of several international professional organisations. (Agric) from University of Nairobi. O. He holds a B. agronomy.uk Telephone: (O) 266 22 312 395. USA and PhD in Soil Microbiology from Clemson University. scientific documents and project reviews. Regional 47 .Maseru 100. hence additional responsibilities include editing Departmental research proposals. Board of Post Graduate Studies-the graduate school since Jan 2007 to date. Tanzania   30 Maleoa Mohloboli.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Besides. South Carolina. and ARC-South Africa among others. He provides consultancy services for book. Egerton. Email: jarapedhi@yahoo. and the Editor-in-Chief of the African Crop Science Journal. Biometry and Environmental Impact Assessment at the Faculties of Agriculture at Makerere University and Busoga University. He values collaborative research and joint student training.com Facitators Tenywa John Stephen is a Ugandan born in Kamuli district. Phone/fax: +254 51 2217847. He is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Soil Science at Makerere University in Uganda. Makerere University. He is a peer reviewer for a number of journals and an editor of three. His is a versatile researcher with wide and varied experiences. 2009. E-mail: jstenywa@agric. scientific/technical writing and journal publishing at local and international levels. Paul has proficiently worked under multidisciplinary. (M) 266 58857203. but mainly in soil fertility and plant nutrition. He is also the Director of Egerton University. USA. Master of Science in Crop Science and a Doctor of Philosophy degree at Makerere University. He has supervised 16 masters and 6 doctorate students. P.ug or acss@starcom.com or eugradschool@wananchi. Department of Agricultural Research. He holds a Master of Science in Agriculture of the Agricultural University of Norway (NLH). Cell: +254 722 734181. he attained his Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. I have participated in a wide range of administration fora in policy and management related subjects. Box 7062. Mosotho National holds a Masters degree holder in Plant Genetic Resources Conservation and Utilization (PGRCU) and currently working as Chief Research Officer. Lesotho Obura Robert Kariuki is a Kenyan. Tel: 256 41 542277 (office) or 256 77 487404 (mobile). Robert is also a consultant in the areas of proposal writing and scientific writing since 1990 to date which he has done widely for various IARCs. Kampala.co. Agronomy from Tuskegee University. Contact: maleoacm@yahoo. He has excellent knowledge and working relationships with NARS.

or. Arusha. Lincoln Flat A4.uk or paulnampala@unas. 2009. technology and innovations. Email: nampalap@yahoo. He has published widely in referred journals and proceedings. 48 . African Association of Insect Scientists and the International Federation of Science Editors. P. 20‐25 April. Tel: 256-041-533044 or 256 77-468919.co. He serves as peer reviewer for several journals and research publications. and provides consultancy services in proposal development and technical writing. He has vast experience working with diverse stakeholders in science. International Biometrics Society.ug .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. He can be contacted at: Uganda National Academy of Sciences.O. Makerere University. Uganda. Paul is a member of several professional organizations including the African Crop Science Society. Box 23911 Kampala. Tanzania   Organisation/Networks and International Agricultural Research Centres (IARCs).

00 pm 7. Tanzania   APPENDIX 2 Programme profiles Time 3.10pm 4.00am 12. 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.00am 11. Eliminating sentence wordiness. Features of a winning proposal Interpreting of research calls (Examples of active RFPs) Plenary Session Health Break Formulation of objectives.00pm 6.30pm 5. Concept-note vs.00pm 7.20am 1.30 am 8.00am 8. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group exercise: problem identification. 20‐25 April. Development.30pm 4. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Lunch Break Group presentations Logical framework matrix: goal. Persuasive and informative writing and Group Exercises: Use of simple/short words or phrases. assumptions Plenary Discussion Health Break Group Exercise: log frame development Evaluation and House keeping Open Session in the evening-Proposal drafting 49 9. purpose. Full). objectives. hypotheses/research questions /prepositions Formulation of objectives. MOV.40am 12. Logical text arrangement Types & categories of projects: proposal types (research vs. Primary components/Structure.30am 9.20am 11. Variable components Designing a fundable project: Steps in proposal writing. Arusha.OVI.20am 8. results/outputs/activities/milestones.00pm 3.00am Activity Responsible Person Programme for Day 1: Sunday 19 April 2009 Participants Registration RUFORUM Secretariat Programme for Day Monday 20 April 2009 –Part 1 : proposal Development Registration Cont’d RUFORUM Secretariat Welcome Remarks RUFORUM Coordinator & SADC Representative Self –introduction All participants Workshop objectives: participant expectations and Facilitators fears Key issues in scientific writing.30pm . Matching proposals to donors. Selecting right topic-problem identification.40am 10.00am 11.00pm 2.

 2009.30pm 7. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group presentations: Problem analysis and Formulation of objectives.00pm 3.30am 1.00pm 5. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group presentations: Objectives.00am 11. 20‐25 April.30 pm 5.30pm 4. Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.00am 10.20am 9.30pm 50 . Tanzania   8.Proposal Drafting 8. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group exercise: Formulation of objectives.30 am 11.00pm 2.00am 8:30 am 9:15 am 10:00 am 10:20 am 10:50 am 11:20 am Programme for Day 3: Tuesday 21 April 2009 Review of day 2 (Participants) Group exercise: Problem identification/Analysis Group presentations: Problem Analysis Working Break – Discussions in Groups Formulation of objectives. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group Presentations on progress-Logical framework matrix Group exercise: development of logical framework matrix cont’d Health Break Materials and Methods (M&M) Group exercise: M&M Lunch Break Group presentations-M&M Group Exercise-Refine M&M Health Break Budget & Work plan Evaluation and House keeping Open Session .

30pm Programme for Day 4: Wednesday 22 April 2009 Review of day 3 Participants Group presentations –Budget & Work plans Group exercises: Refining budgets and work plans Health Break Introduction.00pm 4. Arusha.00pm 2.00pm 7.00pm 2.30pm 3. Executive Summary and Other components Group exercise-Components above Lunch Break Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Communication Strategy Mounting competitive research teams.00pm 1.45pm 6. CVs. 20‐25 April.30am 11.Proposal Drafting 51 .00am 12.00am 8. Titles. 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   8. Lead institution/PI Health Break Group Exercise-Continue refining proposal drafts Evaluation and House Keeping Open Session . Abstract.20am 9. Literature Review.20 am 10.30pm 4.

00 pm Evaluation and House Keeping 7.50am Discussion 9.00pm How to write discussion.00am Review of Day 4 Participants 8.Proposal Drafting 52 . 20‐25 April. Arusha.50am Group Exercise: Results presentation and interpretation 11.30pm Health break 5.10am Presenting results 9. 2009. Tanzania   Programme for Day 5: Thursday 23 April 2009 – Part 2: Technical Scientific Writing 8. conclusion and recommendations 4.30am Health Break 10.00pm Plenary discussions 6.00pm Lunch Break 2.30pm Group Exercise: Discussion. conclusions and recommendations 3.30 pm Open Session .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.20am Linking proposals to report production & publication 8.40am Interpretation of results 10.50am Group presentations-Plenary discussion 1.

40 am 9. Arusha.30am Health Break 11.00pm Final evaluation and End of Workshop 8.00am 8.00pm 2. Jane Alumira 1.00pm PAPA Presentation and discussions 4.30pm 5.30am 11.00am 11. 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.00pm Lunch break 2.00pm 1. Fact and knowledge sheets Group exercise-designing a poster Lunch Break Group presentation-posters Participants focus on their manuscripts Health break Closing remarks and house keeping Reception Programme for Day 7: Saturday 25 April 2009 – Part 2: Technical Scientific Writing Review of Day 6 Participants Group exercise-participants – Publications and other knowledge communication products 10. 20‐25 April.20am 8.00am 10.30 am 10.00am Networking through Information Sharing in the SADC Dr.10 am 9.20am 53 .00am 8. Tanzania   8.30pm Health Break 5.30am 12.00pm 3. challenges and opportunities Health Break Effective oral presentations Effective poster development and other scientific communication products (Policy briefs.00pm 7.30 4.00pm Programme for Day 6: Friday 24 April 2009 – Part 2: Technical Scientific Writing Review of Day 5 Participants Citing and listing references Publishing in Journals The role of journal editors and reviewers Responding to review comments Plenary Discussion –Experiences.

identify potential collaborators • Up grade and sharpen workshop facilitation skills (ToTs) • What happened to my proposal • Deepen theory and practice of proposal development + technical writing skills • Convincingly write cross-cutting proposals • Increase confidence in networking • Draft at least a concept note • Up date oral communication skills • Be able to identify research problems • Learn/develop basic skills in PW • Be clear on the dos and don’ts in PW • Understand log frame development • Knowledge in writing a good summary of a research proposal • Identify short falls in communication • Learn how to develop a good proposal that has impact on livelihoods and food security • Development of my scientific publication • Improve skills to compete with high international researchers • Budgeting in regional proposals 5 The expectation highlighted in bold was not realized 54 . fears and suggested5 interventions Participants’ expectations from the workshop included the following: Participants Expectations • Be able to write winning proposals. utilizing my social science background • Detailed understanding of log frame. 2009. Tanzania   APPENDIX 3 Summary of the participants’ expectations. objectives. 20‐25 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. why previous ones failed • Be able to communicate my research results to end users • Develop institutional networks for collaborations. Arusha. with other countries • Be able to diff. between research outputs and indicators • Be able to understand the difference between assumptions and preconditions • Improve scientific writing skills to produce publishable papers • Get had outs or electronic copies of presentations • Proposal writing skills. hypotheses • Grounding in communication skills to communicate better • Sustainable networking.

 2009. 20‐25 April. SADC type • Participants disciplines and difference may make the training difficult • Overwhelming information • Language barriers (not fluent in English) • Unclear goal setting • Generalities • Much focus will be on agricultural research and will not take care of participants that are not agricultural scientist • Agricultural jargon will be used and cloud my understanding of training 6 The fears highlighted in bold were not overcome by the end of the workshop 55 . Tanzania   Participants’ fears that the workshop would not meet their expectations included: Participants Fears6 • Lack of inventory of researchers • Understanding of networking of activities along common interests • Time allocation for practice and management – time constraints • Bad communications • Irrelevant topics • Lack of adequate experience in research • Facilitators might be too fast in delivering facts on assumption that we understand everything – too many assumptions • Some participants may not be willing to open up • Not to get help from resource persons on improving my proposal • Not being focused and realistic • Not having or identifying common priorities • Narrow pool of experts in my field • Incompetence of resource persons • May not reflect new approaches in PW based on CORDEMA • Expectation not met • Failure to identify potential collaborators esp. Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

 Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 2009. Tanzania   Participants’ suggested interventions to mitigate the fears7 Interventions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Avoid jargon and acronyms that are likely to be understood only by agricultural scientists Broaden horizon to include other scientists e. demographers and sociologists Being specific with minimum assumptions Programme self and work within limits Let the training outline goals be part of the training Properly manage plenary and group work sessions (time management) Colleagues and facilitators have to speak slowly Decongest the program Categories participants into experienced and novices – Not applicable SADC to provide a list of all potential collaborators/scientists Appoint a diligent time keeper – Diligent time keepers were appointed but it was difficult to stick to time given the overloaded program Sensitive areas for proposal should be given enough time and presented during morning hours – Not applicable Facilitators to be well guiding and explain clearly Skills in involving rural poor in research process – Participatory approached not fully addressed Fire the resource team or teach each other how to swim Talk about our institutions Build upon participants experiences Facilitators to take their time and avoid rushing Get help to improve my proposal to ICART Get to know more calls for proposals Facilitators to have away of obtaining participants feed back Facilitators to assist participants to build trust in each other More networking and participation in research project – Not applicable Provide lists of websites which usually call for proposals Participants knowledge to be tapped Allow flexibility in time management Clarify the questions The proposed interventions highlighted in bold were not used to overcome the anticipated fears. it was realised at the end of the workshop that some proposed interventions were not applicable given the workshop focus and approach 7 56 . 20‐25 April.g..

 20‐25 April. 2009. Students with writing skills to enable them produce research proposals of high quality and feasibility Very little Substantial How well did the workshop meet the main objective? On target 2 3 4 5 1 New knowledge/skills acquired Likelihood of applying concepts to your work Expectations met 2 3 4 5 2. The information you provide will be useful in planning future events. 1. What aspect of the workshop/materials would you change? Why? 5. Rate the methods and materials relative to their value in accomplishing the workshop Poor Outstanding NA 1 2 3 Clarity of participant handouts Content of participant handouts Clarity of visual aids Content of visual aids Plenary discussions 3. Assess the Workshop from the standpoint of what you gained from the experience Not at all 1 Equip MSc. Arusha. Tanzania   APPENDIX 4 Workshop Evaluation Form Your cooperation in completing this evaluation form will be greatly appreciated. Any additional comments or suggestions you might have about the workshop? 4 5 Thank you for completing this evaluation 57 . What aspect of the workshop/materials was most valuable to you? Why? 4.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

 Tanzania   9. Arusha.0 Annex Annex 1: Original work evaluation forms as completed by participants 58 . 2009. 20‐25 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

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