Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

Skills Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa

Workshop Report Submitted by RUFORUM to SADC 

East and Southern Africa Management Institute (ESAMI), 20 to 25 April, 2009 Arusha, Tanzania


Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

Table of Contents Cover page Table of Contents Acknowledgements Acronyms and abbreviations 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 Summary Introduction Workshop purpose and objectives Workshop approach and orientation Workshop achievements and outputs Participants evaluation of the training and learning process Workshop Photographic Gallery Appendices Appendix 1: Participants’ Profiles Appendix 2: Programme profiles Appendix 3: Summary of participants expectations, fears and suggested interventions Appendix 4: Workshop evaluation form 9.0 Annex 1: Original evaluation forms as completed by participants 1 2 3 4 5 7 10 10 17 20 29 40 40 49 54 57 58


Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

The Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture thanks the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) through its ICART Programme for supporting this important workshop on strengthening capacity of SADC members in proposal development, scientific writing and communication skills. RUFORUM is especially grateful to the ICART team for guiding the design of the workshops to ensure that SADC priorities are met, and that these skills development workshop contribute to wider goals. We extend our gratitude to the facilitators Prof. Obura, Dr. Tenywa and Dr. Nampala for the excellent training course that they have been able to deliver. We also thank Dr. Jane Alumira, ICART Staff and all those who in one way or the other contributed significantly during the workshop, we extend our sincere thanks and appreciation on your valuable contribution toward the success of this workshop. The management and staff of ESAMI, who offered and maintained the conference space and taking care of the participants during the workshop period, are also acknowledged. The success of the workshop was largely dependent on the commitment of the trainers, participants, ICART Staff. They were excellent individuals who worked so hard and diligently through out the workshop period and some times for extended hours without grumbling or sneaking out. To them we extend our sincere gratitude.



Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  

Acronyms and Abbreviations
ASTD AU CAADP ECA FAAP FANR FARA GE IAR4D ICART IR4D MDG NEPAD RUFORUM R&D R4D SADC Agricultural Science and Technology for Development African Union Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Programme Eastern and Central Africa region Framework for African Agricultural Productivity Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Directorate Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Genetic Engineering Integrated Agricultural Research for Development Implementation and Coordination of Agricultural Research and Training Integrated Research for Development Millennium Development Goals New Partnership for African Development Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture Research and Development Research for Development Southern Africa Development Cooperation


Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa, 20‐25 April, 2009, Arusha, Tanzania  



In the Eastern, Central and Southern African (ECSA) region (excluding the Republic of South Africa), Agriculture remains the mainstay of the economies and supports livelihood strategies of more than 280 million people surviving on more than 300 million hectares. The natural resources of the region are exploited through agricultural activities. This makes the resources vulnerable to biophysical constraints such as drought, diseases and pests, declining soil fertility and agro biodiversity as well as economic externalities that affect trade. The Framework for African Agricultural Productivity (FAAP) of the AU-CAADP stresses the need to mobilize Science and Technology to deliver for enhancing agricultural production and value addition. In order to make the region a major actor in agricultural trade and bio-resources; food and nutrition security; wealth creation; sustainable use of resource base; and a strategic player in Agricultural Science and Technology Development (ASTD), Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) is keen on developing the capacity of the NARS scientists to enable them to be competent and relevant in promoting Research for Development (R4D) in the ECSA region. It is on this background that RUFORUM organized the Proposal Development, Scientific writing and Communication skills Workshop for ECSA-NARS scientists with the following objectives: • Develop competitive research and training proposals; • Relate research to development; • Produce scientific publications for peer reviewed journals; and • Design appropriate communication products. RUFORUM, has among its mandates, capacity enhancement of researchers and scientists in universities and the NARS of its member countries, in the aspects of scientific writing for access to competitive research grants, scholarly publishing and production of knowledge and communication products. For this purpose, a groundbreaking workshop targeting scientists drawn from the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Region was conducted at Gaborone in Botswana in September 2008 to cater for institutions in the Southern Africa. The effort was very successful and as a follow up a similar workshop was arranged in Arusha Tanzania in April 2009 to benefit other scientists, particularly those that had made attempt to respond to previous ICART Expression of Interest (EOI) but did not win grants. Four participants that attended the previous training were invited to interact with the facilitators as part of the process of training of trainers with a view to build resident capacity within the region. Participants were drawn from SADC countries including Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Their mother institutions included universities, national research systems, government departments, private sector and other organizations. The focus of the workshop objectives was to enhance capacity in scientific writing for competitive grants, peer review publications and other communication products/research outputs. The approach was highly participatory and hands-on, and was catalyzed by theoretical expositions commensurate with the current donor trends and expectations; captivating terminologies and writing styles for both technical and non-technical publications. The process was beneficial to all participants but most especially to those without or with limited insights in research for development. The participation of the SADC ICART officials greatly enriched the process.


Summary of participants description of the Workshop and Learning Process 6 . was instrumental in breaking barriers to multidisciplinary team building across institutions represented in the region.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. which enabled a multidisciplinary mix. Tanzania   Generally. 2009. was enhanced cohesion and networking among participants from the participating countries and diversity of institutions and disciplines. The objectives of the workshop were achieved and among the outputs of the workshop. group profiling. Arusha. 20‐25 April.

 20‐25 April. the capacity for Proposal development. Martin Kimanya <mekimanya@yahoo. Nevertheless. National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) scientists play important roles in developing and generating technologies for innovations. This deficiency 7 . So we should try to respond to the CEI sent to us by Upright in order to enjoy fruits of the training. regional and national research and outreach dynamics to be able to maintain relevance with public interests. 2009 at 8:38> wrote: > Dear All.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. On the other hand. Universities and indeed the entire National Agricultural Research System as partners in the research and innovation processes must maintain a system of tooling or retooling their staff to dynamically respond to global. However. With best regards. and Communication Skills is weak in several NARS in sub-Saharan Africa. and more agricultural research for development (AR4D) and integrated research for agricultural development (IAR4D). 2009. Universities are in the most challenging positions of paradigm shift as the research grants focus shifts towards agricultural research and development (R&D). To support these activities NARS scientists undertake training to develop the required skills and competencies and also conduct research to advance knowledge. 2. once the research is completed. Scientific writing. It was well presented!. Martin (Knowledge)” The Workshop was a resounding success with several testimonies to the effect such as the above quote from Martin Kimanya’s correspondence. Apr 28. Comments from those who attended my oral presentation in Belgium today > (28/04/2009) show that the fruits of the good work done by our facilitators are ripe and should be picked out for our use as soon as possible. dreary efforts in developing grants and the eliminative conditions placed on them. I appreciate the way we are showing commitment to the team work spirit as > was emphasised at ESAMI. the NARS scientists must write fundable proposals to the relevant funding agencies. Along with formulation of wining proposals.0 Introduction Many scientists in Africa find it increasingly difficult to access research grants owing to the continuously dwindling support from various development partners. Arusha. I thank you all for your good wishes. Tanzania   “On Tue. they need funding to support their research and other activities. To source for such funds. is the challenge of competitive scholarly publishing and developing effective knowledge communication products for various audiences to achieve the intended impact. they should communicate their findings to their peers and to the broader community. including policy makers and other relevant stakeholders. This shows that success in proposals and publications is on our way.

with a good representation of women (Appendix 1 – Participants Profiles). Arusha. In addition. four participants who participated in previous proposal and scientific writing sessions were invited to shadow the and during the Southern African Development Community (SADC)Implementation and Coordination of Agricultural Research and Training (ICART) competitive grant process. 2009. Kenneth Caula (from Malawi) 8 . by the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM. RUFORUM is keen to see that research funds are sourced and that research findings are shared among peers. in scientific writing skills for grant winning proposals and competitive scholarly publication. Scientific Writing and Communication skills for NARS scientists in the SADC region. relevant stakeholders. inform policy makers and is also communicated to the broader audience. a training of trainers would be needed. Such trainings will also provide opportunities for NARS scientists to meet and learn from one another and also forge working relationship. 20‐25 April. RUFORUM is of the view that initially it is more efficient to tackle these deficiencies by group learning events organized for the benefit of scientists from various NARS in the SADC region at large. see www. RUFORUM has initiated a process to strengthen Proposal development. To support scaling up. It was through appreciation of this that the RUFORUM continues to mount training workshops to enhance staff from the NARS in the SADC and indeed other regions. In particular. The training attracted over 30 scientists from the region.ruforum. For this purpose. The training activities would then subsequently be done periodically at individual NARS level. The underlying assumption in the design and module delivery was that the trained group would eventually out-scale the skills acquired to the wider staff communities in their institutions as well as mentor especially the young scientists. RUFORUM would like to see greater contribution of African scientists to global knowledge.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Thus. Rather than provide such skill enhancement training at the individual NARS level. Tanzania   has been recognized in several fora.

Obura) were engaged for this purpose. 2009. Three experienced consultants from Makerere University in Uganda (Dr. R. J.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 9 .K.S. and Egerton University (Prof. and a set of facilitators and SADC staff interacted with each of the two groups. Paul Nampala). Arusha. Participants were divided into two groups. 20‐25 April. Tenywa & Dr. Tanzania   Lilian Mukandiwa (Zimbabwe) Silvia Mausse Sitoe and Martin Kimanya A highly intensive training programme was the basis for training (Appendix 2 – Programme Profiles).

Resource persons were Experienced Specialists who routinely teach and offer training in Proposal development. After attending this skill enhancement training.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. NARS scientists would be able to: • Develop competitive research and training proposals. Strengthen capacity for production of educational and extension communication products. Strengthen capacity for capacity building in formulation of grant winning proposals and competitive knowledge and communications products Foster multidisciplinary team building and cohesion within and among scientists in the SADC region. 3. plenary discussions and experience sharing as well as computer based practicals. 20‐25 April. There were scheduled presentations and discussions led by experienced resource persons. scientific writing and communicating skills of SADC-NARS scientists. • Relate research to development. and • Design appropriate communication products.0 Approach and orientation of the workshop The training included presentations by the resource persons. 2009. group work. 4. 10 . The training was participatory and interactive. Tanzania   Dr. The primary objectives of the workshop included: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Introduce and/or share experiences in scientific writing for developing interdisciplinary grant winning proposals and competitive manuscripts for publication in peer reviewed journals. Arusha. The main objective was to strengthen the capacity of NARS scientists in Southern Africa in competitive proposal preparation and scientific writing.0 Workshop purpose and objectives The purpose of this learning event was to update skills in Proposal development. • Produce scientific publications for peer reviewed journals. Jane Alumira of the ICART Project attended all sessions of the training and presented key highlights of the ICART Programme.

and (iii) initiate and ensure a participatory process that would be maintained throughout the workshop. (ii) establish a cross-cutting baseline of knowledge training needs among the diverse participants. The workshop emphasized practical application. The participants were expected to develop analytical and integration frameworks and guidelines based on relevant individual. but enriched with facilitators’ guiding highlights in plenary sessions prior to most items on the programme. • Working with groups and influencing them with humility and skilfully steering them to reach conclusions on the task at hand. and (iii) plausible intervention to mitigate the fears. The approaches and methodologies for the training program entailed a combination of training methods like interactive presentations. 20‐25 April. activity based reflections and discussions with major emphasis on participatory approaches coupled with games and other focused energizers. institutional and discipline-based proposal writing capacities. The group exercises and other computer-based practical and experience sharing were designed to expose the participants to aspects of proposal and scientific writing in line with the premise of the workshop. all participants went through a joint plenary session which enabled them present their (i) expectations from the workshop. discussion and experience sharing as well as computer-based practical exercises. resources. The training approach was based on Experiential Learning Cycle for adult learners. Arusha. • Minimizing any possible disruptive behaviour during the workshop by managing disagreements and strong views among participants. 2009. Tanzania   scientific writing and components of Communication skills. The facilitator responsibilities included: • Designing and implementing the entire Workshop Programme. This was done to (i) purposely customize the workshop to the participants’ needs. • Sifting and sorting information reach conclusions and bringing the workshop to a logical closure. internalization and ownership of concepts. group work. (ii) fears that would hinder achievement of the expectations. • Coaching and providing timely guidance and feedback to help participants to complete their assigned tasks. In addition to this. needs. The training involved presentations. The 6-day training was dominantly hands-on. methods and output by the participants. The participants’ workshop expectations. Participating NARS scientists were also expected to actively contribute to this learning event. There were short and diverse presentations and discussions led by the facilitators to precede the group discussions and plenary presentations. fears and suggested interventions to the fears formed the milestones for evaluation of the training workshop. situations and experiences. The workshop intended to realize a plan to strengthen individual and institutional proposal writing skills. brainstorming exercises was also used throughout the workshop. 11 . Intensive discussion opportunities were offered to the participants during the sessions. The workshop adopted adult learning principles to facilitate the learning by the participants through participation. The training was heavily participatory and interactive. fears and suggested interventions are presented in Appendix 3.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. The detailed account of the participants expectations. Initially.

Participants were encouraged to ask any question.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.participants were encouraged to think beyond the box.was key to creating a relaxed atmosphere for free interaction and active participation by all. Participants were encouraged to ensure that nothing was hidden under the carpet or the table. The approach was to ensure balance in contributions so that at the end of the meeting every participant is happy of the outcome. thus giving priority to the quiet ones if they speak up or prod them if they remain quiet. Integrity – It was stressed the facilitators were independent. without compromise to delivery of principles and key aspects of the programme. so that at the end of the meeting no one goes home with unanswered questions. The process was designed to be flexible in order to cater for any emergent burning issues. and thus put the real issues under the carpet. Inclusiveness. but the process was meant to be co-created together with the participants in order to have their active input to it. Tanzania   The joint plenary session was conducted by the facilitators. Obura) to guide engagement during the sessions included: • Ownership. • • • • • • • • 12 . Honesty and Political incorrectness – In consideration of the observation that people tend to be polite especially when real sensitive issues are discussed. The core values of the workshop that were shared by the facilitators (presented by Prof. • Appreciation of any contribution . but rather there to guide the process. They were challenged to continuously re-assess their perceptions in order to see if there could be new thinking or new way of seeing things.It was indicated that the facilitators would foster the participation of everybody. 20‐25 April. so there were to be no one way communication but rather an open dialogue. Creativity. 2009. Arusha. Informality.The meeting did not have a rigid agenda. Open dialogue/multilogue.this workshop was not a chairman type. with no stake in the meeting agenda per se. Flexibility.Facilitators urged the participants to open up and intelligibly present their ideas.The workshop was organised by RUFORUM. This is the reason why the sitting arrangement is in the sense that in will encourage active participation of all. Transparency. which was very useful in generating new ideas and presented avenues for discussing issues exhaustively.there was no stupid question. the key assumption was that not every body was familiar with scientific writing and communication concepts.

Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Additionally. Tanzania   The approach to engaging the participants in fruitful activities during and after the workshop through the Participant Action Plan Approach (PAPA) was presented. 20‐25 April. The final PAPA is presented in the subsequent section. This was earlier on resisted by some participants who believed in maintaining their disciplinary groups. Arusha. which requires multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary approaches. Participants were treated to abroad array of energizers to keep awake and active through the long sessions. The participants also chose unique adjective as “nick names” that were used in the workshop as part of a strategy to dissolve professional titles. Team-spirit prevailed at all times and the working environment was extremely cordial. Multidisciplinary groups and sub-groups were used as a means to ensure effective participation and learning. The groups formed the focal points for the hands-on exercises. this was useful in galvanizing the teams and indeed team spirit prevailed throughout the training. 13 . 2009. However. the facilitators were instrumental in allaying the fears in light of the realities of meaningful development and implementation of IAR4D projects.

14 . Tanzania   The approach was intensively hands-on and group outputs were discussed in plenary sessions for further insights. all plenary sessions were guided by the facilitators The approach was intensively hands-on catalyzed by theoretical expositions commensurate with the current donor trends and expectations.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. captivating terminologies and writing styles for both scientific and non-technical publications. Arusha. 2009.

by the nature of the modules. 2009. all these became immaterial progressively. especially those who lacked or had limited insights in research for development. Tanzania   Facilitators presented theoretical expositions and practical examples The process was relatively challenging to most participants. However. 20‐25 April. Aspects of inter-multidisciplinary and participatory approaches appeared unusual to many.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha. 15 .

the most striking challenge for proposal development was the Logical Framework Approach (LFA) and process which involved participants in intensive problem analysis.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. challenge for developing resource scholarly Additionally. development of the goal. most of them had felt that the approach was cumbersome and unnecessary. participants finally appreciated the value of the LFA and the logframe in focusing and directing the writing process.e. Arusha. and eventually the logframe itself as the first and foremost components in project development.. results/outputs and activities was particularly challenging. Tanzania   By and large. problem and objective tree construction. Despite the initial difficulties in adjusting to the new approach. 2009. purpose. 16 . i. Linking proposals and/or research projects to technical publications tailored to specific audiences was the most significant competitive materials. This approach was new to more than 50% of the participants.

0 Workshop achievements and outputs Virtually. all the objectives of the workshop were met based on participants’ assessment. All modules presented and other relevant reference materials valuable for the participants and others in their institutions were provided to participants as resource materials both in soft copy format. (vi) 17 . 5. Perceived disciplinary walls were reduced significantly. Potential synergies for close collaboration were realized and enhanced. the biggest challenge was the linking project out puts to publications and designing relevant communication products for various audiences. The country action plans were still very preliminary but served as strong indicators of willingness to swing into action with regard to applying the skills gained and also as avenues for initiating collaboration within the SADC region. Participants generated through a participatory process a Participants Action Plan using the PAPA. Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. participants realized the benefits of teaming up even in areas slightly different from their traditional disciplinary confines. Participants embraced the value of the LFA and log frame as a backbone in proposal development. Participants realized the importance of not having to rush to literature in developing interpretation of results and discussion and appreciated that literature should be used to substantiate own work and not vice versa round as is always the case with most writers. In addition. despite the limited time for group work and hands-on. Overall. 2009. country action plans were also discussed and presented during the closing plenary session. the major achievements can be summarized as: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Capacity in scientific writing for grant winning proposals and for publication in peer reviewed journal was strengthened. 20‐25 April. platforms for future regional collaboration and networking among participants were laid-out. Tanzania   For technical publications.

 2009. and • develop and disseminate knowledge communication products. • • develop winning proposals.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. share biodata to enhance communication and identification of collaborators. • train others in proposal writing and scientific communication. Tanzania   Participants resolved to implement the following actions: • brief colleagues at respective institutions and share resource materials. Arusha. 20‐25 April. 18 .

 Arusha. 20‐25 April. 30 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Thank you so much for your positive attitude towards the workshop and that you are home and dry. James 19 .. I had to go to the library several times to settle arguments about> Hi grazy team.This gives them opportunity to copy the intricate dancing styles of the young ones thereby enabling them display with tingling ecstancy their wriggling of figure &. Well you all have a lovely day Marake. 6 May.marake@nul. 2009 11:34 AM From: "James B. I met with my regional team on Se in Soils and HIV & AIDS> Dear All. I am not sure what kind of opium the Ruforum team overdosed all of you with . outcomes & impacts. 2009 2:03 PM From: "m.. I may be the last to respond because in our African traddition we believe that the elders are the last to go on the dancing floor. Now the stage is set for the King. outputs. Warmest regards. Chimphamba" <jameschimphamba@chanco. but I hope it sustains and transforms into equally enthusiastic actions. Tanzania   Wednesday. 2009. I am just settling back in my office after one week in Pretoria right from Tanzania. -----Original Message----- Further indications of Workshop Achievements submitted by participants Thursday.marake" <mv.

0 Participants’ evaluation of the training and learning process A summary of participants’ evaluations is as presented below. 20‐25 April. Tanzania   6. Arusha. please refer to the original hard copies1 completed by participants (Annex 1). 2009. A.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.on target) 5 Hard copies of the completed evaluation forms are available as Annex 1 of the hard copy version of this report. Impact of Workshop from the standpoint of what participants gained from the experience Not at all 1 How well did the workshop meet its objective? On target 5 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Level of objectives met (Not at all . For details of the evaluation. 1 20 .

 Tanzania   New knowledge/skills acquired Very little 1 Substantial 5 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Level of new skills acquired (very little .substantial) 5 21 . 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha.substantial) 5 Application of the skills 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Likelihood of applying the concepts (very little . 20‐25 April.

 Tanzania   Expectations met 50 45 40 35 30 % Response 25 20 15 10 5 0 1 2 3 4 Level of expectations met (very little . 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.substantial) 5 22 . Arusha. 20‐25 April.

Overall assessment on the suitability of the methods and materials used in the training Clarity of hand outs Poor 1 Outstanding 5 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of clarity of handouts (Poor . Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   B. 2009. 20‐25 April.Outstanding) 5 23 .Outstanding) 5 Content of hand outs 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of content of handouts (Poor .

Outstanding) 5 24 .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April.Outstanding) 5 Content of visual aids 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of content of visual aids (Poor . 2009. Tanzania   Clarity of visual aids 60 50 40 % Response 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of clarity of visual aids (Poor . Arusha.

Identification and justification of research problem Communication skills and elimination of words because it improved my quality of presentation Doing group work in developing different components of the project proposal and critiquing the outcomes. • • • • • • • • • • • What aspect of the workshop/materials was most valuable to you? Why? Writing skills. Tanzania   Plenary discussions 45 40 35 30 25 % Response 20 15 10 5 0 1 2 3 4 Rating of plenary discussions (Poor . The presentation pointed clearly on how to go about these aspects. I had done my publications based on experience but not enough to train others Logical framework – as a summary of all the components of the research proposal and a good entry point for proposal development Writing the introduction and tips. because they are well prepared to do it. Arusha. team building. 2009. preparing objectives because this is usually where we fail in project planning Scientific writing because I have floating data that from the knowledge gained I will be able to publish 25 . tips on proposal writing.Outstanding) 5 C. and I gained a lot since I have been struggling in this area. This was more valuable because it provided me hands on what I am supposed to do later Proposal development approach and publication of policy briefs The project problem tree approach and its linkage to objectives and finally leading to budgeting The oral presentation of the facilitators. Keep it up Problem tree. 20‐25 April. all presentations and facilitators very enlightening.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.

This is mainly due to the fact that I was actually learning. This was new knowledge for proposal development Almost all the presented materials were valuable. The long sessions only lead to boredom and lack of concentration Time allocation. Tanzania   • • • • • • • • • • • D. a lot was covered in too short a time and it was obvious that we need more time to assimilate Time table (program) was too crowded – Need to set aside time for participants to get free air for effective learning Venue – not conducive for a workshop of this nature. So everything would be put to good use and see what comes out at the end The power point presentations were well prepared Linking the proposal with the report production and publication. Because it has helped me to understand how to start writing my report and publication Writing skills for publications. one week for paper development for publication Manual (hand outs) quality needs improvement Separate hands on from lectures. one week as clearly not enough and some things were just too compressed in trying to cover everything. I also find myself giving presentations to various audiences and I learnt a lot of skills at this meeting Linking proposals to reports and publications because of the valuable guidelines presented Choosing a research team. This is because the composition of a team determines success or failure Dos and don’ts in proposal writing – This is important because elements of writing were emphasized which are essential for proposal writing Proposal writing in particular problem tree (problem identification) objective development and log frame development. the slides were overloaded with text and the font was not consistent Would equally cover what goes in development and research proposals – especially on examples. 20‐25 April. This is because I am yet to have my publication and knowing the do’s and don’ts is a great help. Arusha. materials were excellent. More examples were focused on university-based and research proposals Portioning the session into 2 parts: (1) Proposal writing 3 – 5days. Give presentation and then have the participants work on proposal writing and publications More time should time should be allowed for the plenary sessions. (2) Scientific writing 3 – 5 days. 2009. For some of the presentations. Multidisciplinary groups help to understand more things and exchange experiences From the technical point of view. the accommodation and other workshop facilities were not good • • • • • • • • • • 26 . presentations well facilitated and encouraged a high level of participation What aspect of the workshop/materials would you change? Why? The M & E session was well presented but too brief and would be useful if we had additional material on this aspect. Scientific writing for journals and oral presentation skills. Also networking with/meeting other scientists in SADC.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. making effective teams for collaboration Discussions in groups. It should take two weeks: one week for proposal development.

Keep it up! • RUFORUM could have looked for a better place/hotel for participants. 2009. proposal writing • Target people who are still relatively junior in their systems to be trained. Senior people such as commissioners not likely to disseminate workshop information as they have too many commitments • The training should be followed up by impact evaluation • Run the workshop over a longer period – 7 working days at a venue that promotes teaching and learning • Allow for socialization during the training. In future I request the organization to at least send an administration officer to survey venue. It will take off a lot of pressure on time. to me. Allowances for free time is essential. Venue: accommodation and food – poor quality • Could have 2 weeks for this important training to finish all the contents well and then give participants 4 – 5 days to work on proposals • To benefit more scientists. there was limited time for participants to accomplish exercises and hence concentrate on hands-on • The workshop was enlightening and refreshing. Just to assist exercises. • Participants should be told prior to workshop that they should bring a draft proposal. all the materials were very valuable and they contain the latest information which could help one come out with a good proposal and effective publication thus improving his/her writing and communication skills Any additional comments or suggestions you might have about the workshop? • Program too compact. One week is not enough to adequately cover training on scientific writing. adults need a more relaxed atmosphere • Give enough time for different aspects. Tanzania   • I would change nothing. if possible • More working groups. Otherwise delegates were so mature and dedicated to the training SADC/ICART needs to convene more training in the region for proposal writing so that the region can be equipped. 27 . As I have already said. Give time for a early break in the evening • Availability of email facilities at the workshop institution is a plus • The last plenary session should have been made earlier to enable the resource persons integrate proposal writing for knowledge generation with those of information sharing and networking • No concrete suggestions at the moment • Schedule too congested – working on Saturday – No please. data. may be in the morning we should do the exercises and in the afternoon the presentations • Improve on the venue for future workshops. Remember: “All work and no play makes Jane a dull girl” E.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. the workshop could be held at national level within the SADC countries. Arusha. papers targeted for publication.

Important: I appeal to RUFORUM to help provide scholarships MSc. Improve on lodging arrangements 28 . The paper should be published with help of resource persons I think the program was very tight/congested thus making the resource persons to rush some presentations.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Tanzania   • • • Inform participants that they must bring data or ensure that a draft paper should be produced by end of workshop. 20‐25 April. 2009. PhD to some of us. Arusha..

 Tanzania   7. Arusha. 20‐25 April. 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.0 Workshop photographic gallery 29 .

Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. Tanzania   30 . 2009. Arusha.

 Tanzania   31 .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 2009. Arusha. 20‐25 April.

 Tanzania   32 . 20‐25 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha. 2009.

 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. Arusha. Tanzania   33 .

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He is currently a Principal Agricultural Economist in the Ministry and has vast experience in research. Head of Land Resources Conservation for Blantyre Agricultural Development Division. Bsc – Majoring Biology and Earth Sciences. Arusha. Fax +267 3928753 and e-mail: 2 40 . Soon after college he became a Lecturer in Farm and Agribusiness Management at Chibero Agricultural College in Norton. Malawi Representative of the international long-term Ecological Jonathan Mukuruba is a holder of a Joel Motswagole. selection indigenous breeds for parasite/disease tolerance/resistance and improved productivity and domestication of wild species as alternative farm and Ms. Private Bag 27. Gaborone. a citizen of Other SADC staff in attendance to handle logistic arrangements. project appraisal and development. Ministry of Agriculture Malawi. Tel: +267 3650158. His contact details are: telephone +263 4 797 443.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. +263 4 797 416. I work for Botswana College of Agriculture (BCA) as an Associate Professor of Animal Breeding in the Department of Animal Science and Production. Diploma in Agricultural Engineering (Agric.E). 20‐25 April. Master of Science in Land and Water Management. in 2001. a town 42km west of Harare. 1983. James B Chimphamba is a Lecturer in Physical Geography. Managed a SADC course on integrating Soil Conservation into the farming systems (1991 – 95). respectively. National College of Agricultural Engineering England. both from Lincoln University. Honours Degree in Agricultural Economics which he attained in 2003 from the University of Zimbabwe. agricultural planning. Finance Officer (tgower@sadc. 23years with Department of Land Resources Conservation. Vice chairman of Environmental. Harare. retired from Ministry of Agriculture as Chief Land Management Training Officer (PS).bw or snsoso@bca. agribusiness management. University of Malawi.0 Appendices APPENDIX 1 Participants Profiles2 Shalaulani James Nsoso. Botswana. up to end of October 2004. University of Malawi. He then transferred to the Head Office of the Ministry of Agriculture in Harare to work as an Agricultural Economist. 1978. forest fires and landslides for Sub-Saharan Region. New Zealand. rural development and monitoring and evaluation. agricultural policy formulation and analysis. England. Tanzania   8. Zimbabwe. Excutive member of African Water Forum. Cranfield University. Mr. My research interests are evaluation of indigenous breeds. were Mr. My contact details are: BCA. Secretary (tgower@sadc. but complete profiles not presented here. Long-term Observatory Network for southern Africa. 2009. Zimbabwe and email address jmukuruba@yahoo. United Nations Office for the Outer Space Affairs Coordinator for Mapping of Deforestation. I hold a BSc in Agricultural Science (Honours) and a PhD in Animal Science. 1990. 1 Borrowdale Road. which I obtained in November 1990 and April 1996. Tshegofasto Gower. Postgraduate. business address. University of Malawi Coordinator of Waternet – SADC MSc Programme in IWRM (2002 – 2006.

Climate Change Adaptation: Inter/transdisciplinary research issues.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Ntitis Tvoane. National Plant Genetic Resources Centre. Mt. Zambia. Currently Department Head: Soil Science. Research and consultancy in environment. Natural Resources (University of Zambia). Ilitongo Kaywala. 20‐25 April. Makulu Central Research Institute. November. Training. Phone: +26 0977 462651. Area of Research: Plant Genetic 41 . Institution: Zambia Agriculture Research Institute. I work with Africa University. Lincoln. Current work: Agriculture Research Officer: Plant Genetic Resources. Diploma – Soil & Water Resource Conservation (1983) . leadership & transformation. in Tropical Horticulture from University of London. November 2002 to April 2003. Post Graduate Diploma Project Management. Cell : +26658772958. Lusaka. USA. 2001. Soil Fertility and Management (1989) .ls. Certificate in Plant Genetic Resources Management.O. Inter alia Director of Transformation (2002–2004) National University of Lesotho.University of Nebraska. Teach a course in research methods incorporating philosophy of science. proposal development and technical writing. National University of Lesotho P. Tel:+263-020-61611/616775 Email: tamtaita@africau. Brussels. Brussels. Email: ilitongok@yahoo. European Community Research Frame Work.Research Proposals on Agriculture & Land Use. Conservation Soil Scientist (19851987). Arusha. Lesotho. Agronomy – Soil Science (1985). Work Fax: +26622340000. Belgium. Roma180 Lesotho Mtaita Tuarira Abduel. P/bag 7. Bachelors of Applied Science in Agriculture obtained from Charles Stuart University Australia in 1999. conservation and agricultural development. Mutare.D Soil and Water (1993). Researcg and training interests include Soil Science and Environmental Management: Soil Management & Quality. Conservation Agriculture. Msc. Personal e-mail: mv.marake@nul. USA. Belgium. Colorado. Professional Services: Expert Evaluator . Teaching and supervising students at undergraduate and graduate levels. Contact: Work : +26622340601.Colorado State University. Chilanga. Department of Soil Science and Resource Conservation. 2009. Faculty of Agriculture (1993 to Date). Forestry & LUP. Ministry of Agriculture. Zambia. I serve the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security in Lesotho as a Chief Agricultural Officer. Wetland Soils and Management. Department of Conservation. Bsc in Agriculture from Sokoine University Tanzania and an Bsc. Marake. Educational Experience: Ph. Zimbabwe where I teach Ecology. Bsc. Tanzania   Makoala V. Fruit Production and Principles of Landscaping. He is Senior Lecturer. Member of an International Review Panel for the 5th Research Framework of the European Community.

In 1988. Arusha. Frieda Lucy Kayuni from Malawi. Maputo. He is a trainer of trainers in Gender. Agricultural Research Institute of Mozambique. HIV and AIDS mainstreaming. Lilongwe. as a researcher. Box 30145. Fax. graduated in Veterinary Medicine in 1981. P. Current Address: Directorate of Animal Science. Iam responsible for providing Tanzania   Rosa Felizarda da Farmers Field Schools and Farmer Business Schools. Fax. Malawi Chaula W. Uppsala.livestock and livelihood: improving market aspects. 26501750384 and Postal Address. In 1998 was appointed Director of the Central Veterinary Malawi. Kenneth. and is also implementing a project looking at livestock health problems in the interface areas. at the Central Veterinary Laboratory. Royal Veterinary College. is also lecturing in Histology. I work as a Deputy Director in the Department of Agricultural Extension Services which is one of the departments under the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security. Currently Iam interested in doing research on Extension Methodologies that can effectively reach vulnerable groups and Crops and Herbs that can significantly improve the immunity of People Living with HIV.cost@gmail. cell: +265 888 865 180 42 .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. I have a Bachelors degree in Agriculture obtained from Bunda College of Agriculture and a Master Science Degree in Extension Education obtained from Oregon State University. Mozambique. until in Mozambique.O. from the Eduardo Mondlane University. P. From 1984 until 1997. flkayuni@yahoo. USA. at the Great Limpopo conservation area. Currently she is working at IIAM. Pathology and Physiopathology at the Eduardo Mondlane University. E-mail: rosa. Box 30145. coordinating and monitoring gender.O. Private Bag 1922. Participatory Diagnosis. Since 1989 until now. My contact information is:e mail address. Department of Agricultural Extension Services. He has skills in conducting training needs assessment for both staff and farmers. the national coordinator for the ICART Lili-Market project. In 1993 completed the MSc in Veterinary Pathology at the same University. Fax +258. He has vast experience in Extension Programme Development & Delivery for both staff and farmers. Department of Agricultural Extension Services.21475172. From 2006 to 2008 was the Technical Director of Animal Sciences at the Agrarian Research Institute of Mozambique (IIAM). Her field of interest is diseases in goats and poultry. Lilongwe. 2009. worked as pathologist and researcher. In my career I have worked as a gender specialist at Zone level and as In charge of Agricultural Programs at District level. did the Post Graduate/Diploma Course in Veterinary Pathology at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. He has experience in formal and informal training of both staff and farmers in Agro enterprise Development. Farmer Based Organization development and Management. HIV and AIDS activities. 26501750384 and Postal Address. Telephone + 25821475170/25821475171. Malawian working as Principal Agricultural Extension Officer in the Department of Agricultural Extension Services under Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security in Malawi. I have also worked on Women in Agricultural Development Project funded by USAID as a co Researcher. Small holder Irrigation Project for Rice production and HIV/AIDS project to facilitate mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS and related gender issues in Agricultural Programmes.

uz. PhD. smaussesitoe@yahoo. smaussesitoe@gmail. Edificio 1. 20‐25 April. Fax: +267 395 1821. Mt. He works with the Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority. currently working with the Implementation and Coordination of Agricultural Research And Training (ICART) Project under the Food. Working on incorporating biotic and abiotic stresses in bean lines. Contact details: Address: Department of Animal Science. Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry. She is a Social Scientist with wide ranging experience in extension pathways/ Martin Epafras Kimanya is a holder of PhD in Applied Biological Sciences (with specialisation in Public Health and Human Nutrition) obtained from Ghent University in Belgium. Email: Sίlvia Maússe His address is Address: Eduardo Mondlane University. Email: Mekimanya@yahoo. Tel. Maputo. Junior Lecturer in the Department of Animal Science at the University of Zimbabwe. Harare Email: lmukandiwa@agric. Mobile: +258822832810./Fax: +25821496238. Kgale View Offices. Tel: 263-4-303211 ext 1409 or 263-912 697 058 Jane Alumira.O. Mozambican and Bsc in Forestry from Eduardo Mondlane University. Currently her research interests are in the use of Ethnoveterinary Medicines and in Rangeland Rehabilitation and she is currently pursuing her PhD Studies in South Africa. P. Faculty of Agriculture. Working with partners to disseminate preferred bean varieties to farmers and bean-based technologies. Mailing Address: P/Bag 0095. Mozambique. She is the Networks Support Officer of the ICART and can be contacted at email address: jalumira@sadc. Principal Agric Research Officer/Bean or icart@sadc. Prior to joining ICART Project. Department of Forestry. Dip in crop science). Dar es Salaam TANZANIA. Kennedy K. including ICRISAT under the Challenge Program on Water and Food (CGIAR CPWF). She holds a BSc (Hons) in Agriculture and an MSc. 2009.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. +267 395 1863. Box I have been working in fruit flies research since I finish my first degree. Jane worked and made significant contribution with CGIAR Centres. Botswana. Campus Universitario. Tanzania   Mukandiwa Eduardo Mondlane University as a research assistant. Working as the Bean Programme leader and National Coordinator for the Southern African Bean Research Network (SABRN). Pleasant. Presently. Martin is a member of several scientific committees in Tanzania and has co-authored several peerreviewed publications. Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry. Muimui. University of Zimbabwe. Degree in Animal Science from the University of Zimbabwe. he holds the position of Manager for Food Evaluation and Registration and is the principal investigator for a project on Risk assessment and management of mycotoxins in foods. I am still doing my MSc in forestry and hope to finish early. Martin was born in Tanzania in 1968. Arusha. BSc Agric. Box 77150. Tel. (MSc Plant breeding and 43 . I currently work at Department of Forestry. Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Programe of the SADC.

Ph. Munthali (Msc Agric ( Env. Bsc Agric). Tafadzwa specializes in Rural Development .D Agricultural Extension Education. Program Development and Evaluation. Research Interests Educational programmes development and evaluation procedures. Phone: +267 365 0227. Botswana. Iowa State Working as a Soil Scientist and Soils Research Commodity Team Leader in the Department of Agricultural Research Services -. BSc. He can be contacted at: tafadzwachevo@hotmail. 2009. Analysis of assessment procedures both in school or extension settings.Ministry of Agriculture and Food Malawi Tel + 265 1 707 041 Fax + 265 1 707 041 Cell + 265 999 067 350 Email: munthalimw@yahoo. livelihoods and environmental systems in Southern Africa. He holds a Master of Science Degree in Sociology and Social Anthropology .co. Teaching a course in Research Methods in Education. 20‐25 April. Lilongwe. Programme Evaluation and Measurements. Job Experience: Lecturer. Kanyadzo Taruvinga3 (Swaziland) Moreetsi Thobega.O Box 158. Moses W. Uinversity of Botswana (1994). Botswana College of Agriculture (2002 to date). Tanzania   Tafadzwa Chevo is an Assitant Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the University of Zimbabwe. Teaching and supervising students at undergraduate and graduate levels. Arusha. Email: 3 Biodata not available 44 . His areas of interest are. He is also is keen on examining the impact of land reforms in Southern Africa and thier policy implications. He is part of the Social Scientists consulting on Social Development challenges in Zimbabwe. Research interest Areas: soil fertility and water management Contacts: Chitedze Agricultural Research or tchevo@social. Department of Agricultural Economics. Agriculture. a project sponsered by the United Nations Development Programme. Social Policy and Social Administration and Qualitative and Quantitative Social Research Methods within the Department of Sociology.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. a Bachelor of Science Special Honours Degree in Sociology both from the University of Zimbabwe and a Bachelor of Social Sciences Degree from Africa University in Zimbabwe. MSc – Agricultural Education . . integrating indigenous technical knowledge and other sustainable agricultural innovations to enhance food security. Education and Extension. Soil Chemistry). Private Bag P. Contact: Botswana College of Agriculture.

Lesotho. Mobile: +266 5886 Roma. working in Makoni District and Wedza District of Zimbabwe. Mvuna (MSc. Box 80908. Mozambican. Monitoring and Evaluation. Interested in Bio-fuel promotion.maseribane@nul. Has special interests in soil research work and is involved in Land Evaluation and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for environmental and Soils Research. Durban campus. develop implementation guidelines and extension materials. extension staff and participating researchers in tea subject. From 2007 up to date. University of Natal. provide technical backstopping to agriculture service providers both public and private. University of Ghent Belgium. Kabwe. Currently. For the past four years I have worked with the Tea Research Institute of Tanzania training or ocatine1@yahoo.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Supervises Undergraduates from University of Zambia. Kabwe Research Station. P. dare s Salaam. Tauro. Research interests: Infant and maternal mortality. Contacts: Eduardo Mondlane Mashuta Kalebe. Qualifications: 2003 Masters in Population Tšoamathe ‘ 45 . His experience is based in Project Planning. He works for Mozambique Institute For Cotton since 2002. Email: I have experience in soil fertility management and fertilizer and lime recommendations for crop production. MSc Soil Science. Lesotho. T. Tel work: + 266 22340 601 Fax work: +266 22340 000 e-mail: tj. Telephone: +258-1-431015/ 2009. and also implementation. Mozambique.O. mashutak@yahoo. analysis and report writing. Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives. Maputo. BSc Agriculture University of Tel +260 977 712 784 Joyce K. Mobile: +255 754 929 022 Email: jmvuna2808@yahoo. I am interested in sharing better methodologies for extension service delivery. Reproductive health and Fertility Contacts: P. and Colleges of agriculture. Agri-Forestry Engineer by Eduardo Mondlane University. I advise the ministry on policy formulation. Extensively worked on questionnaire design for national population census and surveys inclusive of data collection. Box 9192.P A soil scientist currently working as a Senior Research Officer (Crop Nutritionist) at Chemistry and Soil Research Institute of DRSS.1999 Bachelor of Copper-belt University. and soil fertility improvement using cover crops and agro-forestry. Migration and HIV. ZAMBIA. is the head of Department for Studies and Projects. 1st floor. Research interest: soil fertility management mainly focusing on ensuring food security for smallholder farmer. nr. Currently lecturing demography at the National University of Lesotho in the Department of Statistics and Demography.O. Fax: +258-1-430679 Mobile: +258 82 6715 970 or +258 84 2585135 E-mail: dep@iam. A team member of Soil Fertility Consortium for Southern Africa (SOFECSA). Tel: +255 222 866 401 Fax +255 222 866 372. Roma 180. OR tsoamathe@yahoo. Tanzania   Osvaldo Catine. Economics and Demography National University of Lesotho.2221. I have just finished a Degree in Master of Philosophy at the University of Zimbabwe majoring in soil fertility management and ecology. 20‐25 April. Agriculture Education and Extension) a Principal Agriculture Officer working with the Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives under the Extension Services Section .uk or crsipss@mweb. B.

 2009. Administration. She also has various certificates in several areas. Kampala 4 Biodata not available by the time of report compilation 46 .na 28 Birungi Irene.apio@ruforum. She previously worked with GTV as an administrative Officer for 2 and half years before joining RUFORUM. Public Relations. She can be contacted at. apiojoan@gmail. Stores Management and Human Resource Management.Currently I am working at SARI as Agricultural researcher in the Department of technology transferring. i.g African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) Uganda as an Administrative Assistant and Developing Human Resources for Health Project (DHRH) a European Union funded Project (17million Euro) first as a Project Administrator and later as a Program Officer. including among others Management. and a vast experience in the fields of Procurement. ICT. She is currently working with RUFORUM Secretariat in Kampala . Apio is a Ugandan and Currently pursuing a Masters Degree in Information Technology at the Faculty of Information Communication and Technology. She can be contact at: RUFORUM. a first class Diploma in Secretarial Science of Kyambogo University formerly ITEK.M is a Ugandan She has worked with various NGO with high positive impact levels in health and education sectors e. Emai:pmakusaro@yahoo. Procurement. Uganda. Uganda. University of Namibia4 (can be reached at ec.musaba@unam. She holds a Second Upper Bachelors degree in Social Sciences of Makerere University.BSc in Agricultural Extension and Education from Sokoine University of Agriculture.Mosha. She finished her Bachelors Office and Information Management at Makerere Business School.birungi@ruforum. Address:HORTI 29 Ms.O. Events Management. She is Currently working with Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) as a Programme Assistant under the ICT department. Also head of technology transferring at HORTI Tengeru. Plot 151 Garden Hill Road. and currently finalizing a Masters Degree in Organizational Psychology at Makerere University. Email: TANZANIA 27 Emma Musaba. Kampala.BOX 1253. Mobile +254 772 946 826. 20‐25 April.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. P. Joan E. Makerere University. Arusha. Telephone +256 414 535939. Tanzania   Peter J. Tanzania.Uganda. PO Box 7062 Kampala.

com Facitators Tenywa John Stephen is a Ugandan born in Kamuli district. 20‐25 April. P. USA and PhD in Soil Microbiology from Clemson University. Makerere University. Regional 47 . scientific documents and project reviews.O.mak. eastern Uganda. Biometry and Environmental Impact Assessment at the Faculties of Agriculture at Makerere University and Busoga University. Mosotho National holds a Masters degree holder in Plant Genetic Resources Conservation and Utilization (PGRCU) and currently working as Chief Research Officer. CTA. Through these engagements. (Agric) from University of Nairobi. but mainly in soil fertility and plant nutrition.O Box 829 . Paul has proficiently worked under multidisciplinary. Master of Science in Crop Science and a Doctor of Philosophy degree at Makerere University. Insect Pest Ecology. hence additional responsibilities include editing Departmental research proposals. He has published widely in refereed journals and proceedings. scientific/technical writing and journal publishing at local and international levels. Email: jarapedhi@yahoo. Chairperson of the Research Program Committee. agronomy. I have participated in a wide range of administration fora in policy and management related subjects. Phone/fax: +254 51 2217847. Robert is also a consultant in the areas of proposal writing and scientific writing since 1990 to date which he has done widely for various IARCs. Cell: +254 722 734181. His is a versatile researcher with wide and varied experiences.Box 536. Kampala. P. He holds a B. He values collaborative research and joint student training. Egerton. Biosafety & Bioethics. he attained his Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. Paul also offers lectures on part-time basis in Crop and a doctorate of The Ohio State University in USA (1993). Contact: maleoacm@yahoo. Arusha. M.Maseru 100. Uganda. an autonomous body established by Government Charter to offer independent evidence-based scientific advice to government and the public. He is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Soil Science at Makerere University in Uganda. He is Scientific Editor of the prestigious African Crop Science Journal. he is a member of several international professional organisations. He can be contacted at: P. Tel: 256 41 542277 (office) or 256 77 487404 (mobile). O. He holds a Master of Science in Agriculture of the Agricultural University of Norway (NLH). or eugradschool@wananchi. Agronomy from Tuskegee or acss@starcom. (M) 266 58857203. Lesotho Obura Robert Kariuki is a Kenyan. His contact details are: Department of Soil Science. South Carolina. Box 7062. Department of Agricultural Research. He has supervised 16 masters and 6 doctorate students. and the Editor-in-Chief of the African Crop Science Telephone: (O) 266 22 312 395. She is Head of Natural Resources Management Research Program and Curator of the National Plant Genetic Resources Centre. He provides consultancy services for book. and ARC-South Africa among others. He is a peer reviewer for a number of journals and an editor of three.Sc. Tanzania   30 Maleoa Mohloboli. 2009. USA. technical reports and articles. Currently he is lecturing in areas of soil microbiology and pasture agronomy. E-mail: Board of Post Graduate Studies-the graduate school since Jan 2007 to date. He is the Executive Secretary of the Uganda National Academy of Sciences (UNAS). Alabama.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. He is also the Director of Egerton University. Kampala. He has excellent knowledge and working relationships with NARS. He has served as technical facilitator in project/proposal development. Uganda.Sc. multicultural and multiracial environments and has gained vast Nampala Paul is a Crop Protection specialist (Crop Pest Ecology). NARIs. environmental and general natural resource management.

technology and innovations. Lincoln Flat or paulnampala@unas.O. 2009. Tel: 256-041-533044 or 256 77-468919. Tanzania   Organisation/Networks and International Agricultural Research Centres (IARCs).ug .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha. International Biometrics Society. Makerere University. and provides consultancy services in proposal development and technical writing. He serves as peer reviewer for several journals and research publications.or. African Association of Insect Scientists and the International Federation of Science Editors. Uganda. 48 . He has published widely in referred journals and proceedings. 20‐25 April. He has vast experience working with diverse stakeholders in science. He can be contacted at: Uganda National Academy of Sciences. Email: nampalap@yahoo. Box 23911 Kampala. Paul is a member of several professional organizations including the African Crop Science Society.

assumptions Plenary Discussion Health Break Group Exercise: log frame development Evaluation and House keeping Open Session in the evening-Proposal drafting 49 9.30pm . Variable components Designing a fundable project: Steps in proposal writing. Primary components/Structure.20am 8. Features of a winning proposal Interpreting of research calls (Examples of active RFPs) Plenary Session Health Break Formulation of objectives.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.00am 12. Matching proposals to donors.00am 11. Tanzania   APPENDIX 2 Programme profiles Time 3. hypotheses/research questions /prepositions Formulation of objectives. 2009. Full). Development. results/outputs/activities/milestones.00pm 6. objectives.20am 1.OVI. purpose. Logical text arrangement Types & categories of projects: proposal types (research vs. MOV.00pm 2.20am 11.00am 11.10pm 4.30 am 8.30am 9.40am 12. Selecting right topic-problem identification.00am Activity Responsible Person Programme for Day 1: Sunday 19 April 2009 Participants Registration RUFORUM Secretariat Programme for Day Monday 20 April 2009 –Part 1 : proposal Development Registration Cont’d RUFORUM Secretariat Welcome Remarks RUFORUM Coordinator & SADC Representative Self –introduction All participants Workshop objectives: participant expectations and Facilitators fears Key issues in scientific writing.30pm 4. Persuasive and informative writing and Group Exercises: Use of simple/short words or phrases.00 pm 7. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Lunch Break Group presentations Logical framework matrix: goal. Concept-note vs.00am 8. Arusha. Eliminating sentence wordiness. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group exercise: problem identification.00pm 7.40am 10. 20‐25 April.30pm 5.00pm 3.

20am 9.30pm 4. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group exercise: Formulation of objectives.30pm 7.00am 8:30 am 9:15 am 10:00 am 10:20 am 10:50 am 11:20 am Programme for Day 3: Tuesday 21 April 2009 Review of day 2 (Participants) Group exercise: Problem identification/Analysis Group presentations: Problem Analysis Working Break – Discussions in Groups Formulation of objectives.00pm 2.00am 11. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group presentations: Problem analysis and Formulation of objectives.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.30am 1. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group presentations: Objectives.00am 10. hypotheses/research questions/prepositions Group Presentations on progress-Logical framework matrix Group exercise: development of logical framework matrix cont’d Health Break Materials and Methods (M&M) Group exercise: M&M Lunch Break Group presentations-M&M Group Exercise-Refine M&M Health Break Budget & Work plan Evaluation and House keeping Open Session . 2009.30 am 11.30 pm 5.00pm 5.00pm 3.30pm 50 . Arusha. 20‐25 April.Proposal Drafting 8. Tanzania   8.

Executive Summary and Other components Group exercise-Components above Lunch Break Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Communication Strategy Mounting competitive research teams. Abstract. 2009.00pm 4.00pm 2.30pm Programme for Day 4: Wednesday 22 April 2009 Review of day 3 Participants Group presentations –Budget & Work plans Group exercises: Refining budgets and work plans Health Break Introduction.Proposal Drafting 51 .00pm 7.00pm 1.45pm 6. Arusha.30pm 4.20am 9. Tanzania   8.00pm 2.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.30pm 3. 20‐25 April. Titles.20 am 10.30am 11. Lead institution/PI Health Break Group Exercise-Continue refining proposal drafts Evaluation and House Keeping Open Session .00am 8. CVs. Literature Review.00am 12.

conclusions and recommendations 3.00pm Lunch Break 2. Arusha.50am Discussion 9.Proposal Drafting 52 . Tanzania   Programme for Day 5: Thursday 23 April 2009 – Part 2: Technical Scientific Writing 8.00pm Plenary discussions 6.00am Review of Day 4 Participants 8. 20‐25 April.50am Group Exercise: Results presentation and interpretation 11.40am Interpretation of results 10.30 pm Open Session .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.20am Linking proposals to report production & publication 8.00pm How to write discussion.10am Presenting results 9.50am Group presentations-Plenary discussion 1.30pm Health break 5.30pm Group Exercise: Discussion.00 pm Evaluation and House Keeping 7.30am Health Break 10. conclusion and recommendations 4. 2009.

Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa.40 am 9.00pm Lunch break 2.00pm 2.00am Networking through Information Sharing in the SADC Dr.00am 10.10 am 9.20am 8.00am 8.30 am 10. Jane Alumira 1.30am 11.00am 8.00pm Programme for Day 6: Friday 24 April 2009 – Part 2: Technical Scientific Writing Review of Day 5 Participants Citing and listing references Publishing in Journals The role of journal editors and reviewers Responding to review comments Plenary Discussion –Experiences.00pm 3. challenges and opportunities Health Break Effective oral presentations Effective poster development and other scientific communication products (Policy briefs. 20‐25 April. Arusha.00pm 1.00pm 7.30pm Health Break 5. Fact and knowledge sheets Group exercise-designing a poster Lunch Break Group presentation-posters Participants focus on their manuscripts Health break Closing remarks and house keeping Reception Programme for Day 7: Saturday 25 April 2009 – Part 2: Technical Scientific Writing Review of Day 6 Participants Group exercise-participants – Publications and other knowledge communication products 10. 2009.00pm Final evaluation and End of Workshop 8.00am 11.30 4.30am 12. Tanzania   8.30am Health Break 11.00pm PAPA Presentation and discussions 4.20am 53 .30pm 5.

utilizing my social science background • Detailed understanding of log frame. Tanzania   APPENDIX 3 Summary of the participants’ expectations. between research outputs and indicators • Be able to understand the difference between assumptions and preconditions • Improve scientific writing skills to produce publishable papers • Get had outs or electronic copies of presentations • Proposal writing skills. 2009. objectives.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. why previous ones failed • Be able to communicate my research results to end users • Develop institutional networks for collaborations. identify potential collaborators • Up grade and sharpen workshop facilitation skills (ToTs) • What happened to my proposal • Deepen theory and practice of proposal development + technical writing skills • Convincingly write cross-cutting proposals • Increase confidence in networking • Draft at least a concept note • Up date oral communication skills • Be able to identify research problems • Learn/develop basic skills in PW • Be clear on the dos and don’ts in PW • Understand log frame development • Knowledge in writing a good summary of a research proposal • Identify short falls in communication • Learn how to develop a good proposal that has impact on livelihoods and food security • Development of my scientific publication • Improve skills to compete with high international researchers • Budgeting in regional proposals 5 The expectation highlighted in bold was not realized 54 . 20‐25 April. with other countries • Be able to diff. hypotheses • Grounding in communication skills to communicate better • Sustainable networking. fears and suggested5 interventions Participants’ expectations from the workshop included the following: Participants Expectations • Be able to write winning proposals. Arusha.

 Arusha. SADC type • Participants disciplines and difference may make the training difficult • Overwhelming information • Language barriers (not fluent in English) • Unclear goal setting • Generalities • Much focus will be on agricultural research and will not take care of participants that are not agricultural scientist • Agricultural jargon will be used and cloud my understanding of training 6 The fears highlighted in bold were not overcome by the end of the workshop 55 . Tanzania   Participants’ fears that the workshop would not meet their expectations included: Participants Fears6 • Lack of inventory of researchers • Understanding of networking of activities along common interests • Time allocation for practice and management – time constraints • Bad communications • Irrelevant topics • Lack of adequate experience in research • Facilitators might be too fast in delivering facts on assumption that we understand everything – too many assumptions • Some participants may not be willing to open up • Not to get help from resource persons on improving my proposal • Not being focused and realistic • Not having or identifying common priorities • Narrow pool of experts in my field • Incompetence of resource persons • May not reflect new approaches in PW based on CORDEMA • Expectation not met • Failure to identify potential collaborators esp.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. 20‐25 April. 2009.

 Arusha.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. it was realised at the end of the workshop that some proposed interventions were not applicable given the workshop focus and approach 7 56 .. 2009.g. 20‐25 April. demographers and sociologists Being specific with minimum assumptions Programme self and work within limits Let the training outline goals be part of the training Properly manage plenary and group work sessions (time management) Colleagues and facilitators have to speak slowly Decongest the program Categories participants into experienced and novices – Not applicable SADC to provide a list of all potential collaborators/scientists Appoint a diligent time keeper – Diligent time keepers were appointed but it was difficult to stick to time given the overloaded program Sensitive areas for proposal should be given enough time and presented during morning hours – Not applicable Facilitators to be well guiding and explain clearly Skills in involving rural poor in research process – Participatory approached not fully addressed Fire the resource team or teach each other how to swim Talk about our institutions Build upon participants experiences Facilitators to take their time and avoid rushing Get help to improve my proposal to ICART Get to know more calls for proposals Facilitators to have away of obtaining participants feed back Facilitators to assist participants to build trust in each other More networking and participation in research project – Not applicable Provide lists of websites which usually call for proposals Participants knowledge to be tapped Allow flexibility in time management Clarify the questions The proposed interventions highlighted in bold were not used to overcome the anticipated fears. Tanzania   Participants’ suggested interventions to mitigate the fears7 Interventions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Avoid jargon and acronyms that are likely to be understood only by agricultural scientists Broaden horizon to include other scientists e.

 2009. Tanzania   APPENDIX 4 Workshop Evaluation Form Your cooperation in completing this evaluation form will be greatly appreciated. Rate the methods and materials relative to their value in accomplishing the workshop Poor Outstanding NA 1 2 3 Clarity of participant handouts Content of participant handouts Clarity of visual aids Content of visual aids Plenary discussions 3. 20‐25 April. What aspect of the workshop/materials would you change? Why? 5. 1. Students with writing skills to enable them produce research proposals of high quality and feasibility Very little Substantial How well did the workshop meet the main objective? On target 2 3 4 5 1 New knowledge/skills acquired Likelihood of applying concepts to your work Expectations met 2 3 4 5 2. Assess the Workshop from the standpoint of what you gained from the experience Not at all 1 Equip MSc. The information you provide will be useful in planning future events. What aspect of the workshop/materials was most valuable to you? Why? 4. Any additional comments or suggestions you might have about the workshop? 4 5 Thank you for completing this evaluation 57 .Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha.

 Tanzania   9.Skill Enhancement Training for NARS Scientists in Southern Africa. Arusha.0 Annex Annex 1: Original work evaluation forms as completed by participants 58 . 2009. 20‐25 April.

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