CAT 2007 - Question Paper and Solutions, Section 1: Quantitative Ability, CAT 2007 Ex...

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Quantitative Ability | Logic & Data Interpretation | Verbal Ability This section contains 25 questions 1. Consider the sets = (2, 3, 4,...., 2n+1}, where n is a positive integer larger than 2007. Define X as the average of the odd integers in S and Y as the average of the even integers in S. What is the value of X-Y? (1) 0 (2) 1 (3) (5) 2008

(4)

Solution: S = {2, 3, 4,…………, 2n+1} n greater then equal to 2007 If you take n = 2008 The series of even no. is 2, 4, …………4016 ? average = 2009 = Y The series of odd no. is 3, 5, ………4017? average = 2010 = X X – Y = 2010 – 2009 = 1 Hence the answer is option (2). 2. Ten years ago, the ages of the members of a joint family of eight people added up to 231 years. Three years later, one member died at the age of 60 years and a child was born during the same year. After another three years, one more member died, again at 60, and a child was born during the same year. The current average age of this eight-member joint family is nearest to (1) 23 years (2) 22 years (3) 21 years (4) 25 years (5) 24 years Solution: Ten years ago, the sum of the ages of 8 members in the family = 231 After 3 years, the age of every member increases by 3; hence the total age increases by 8X3 = 24. The total age is 231 + 24 = 255 A member of 60 years age died = 255 – 60 = 195 Similarly, again after 3 years, Sum of the ages of all members = 195 + 24 = 219 Again a member of age 60 died = 219 – 60 = 159 Now they have asked the sum in the current years, so the remaining years are 4. Hence the sum increases by 8 * 4 = 32 Total sum of the ages of 8 members in the present year = 159 + 32 = 191 Average age = 191 / 8 = 23.8 = 24 (approx) Hence the answer is option (5). 3. A function 1 satisfies f(1)= 3600, and f(1)+f(2) + ... +f(n) = n 2f(n), for all positive integers n > 1. What is the value of f(9) ? (1) 80 (2) 240 (3) 200 (4) 100 (5) 120

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CAT 2007 - Question Paper and Solutions, Section 1: Quantitative Ability, CAT 2007 Ex... Page 2 of 10

Solution: Given f(1) = 3600 and f(1) + f(2) + …………+ f(n) = n2f(n) f(1) + f(2) = 22f(2). Therefore f(2) = f(0)/3 f(2) = 1200 Similarly f(3) = 600, f(4) = 390, f(5) = 341.25, f(6) = 175.1 f(7) = 131.3, f(8) = 102.74, f(9) = 81.7, approx (80) f(9) = 80 Hence the answer is option (1). 4. Suppose you have a currency, named Miso, in three denominations: 1 Miso, 10 Misos and 50 Misos. In how many ways can you pay a bill of 107 Misos ? (1)17 (2) 16 (3) 18 (4)15 (5) 19 Solution: The bill of 107 Misos can be paid in the following ways: Number of coins in Number of coins in Number of coins in Denomination 50 Denomination 10 Denomination 1 0 0 107 0 1 97 0 2 87 0 3 77 0 4 67 0 5 57 0 6 47 0 7 37 0 8 27 0 9 17 0 10 7 1 0 57 1 1 47 1 2 37 1 3 27 1 4 17 2 0 7 So, the number of combinations is 18. Hence the answer is option (3). 5. A confused bank teller transposed the rupees and paise when he cashed a cheque for Shailaja, giving her rupees instead of paise and paise instead of rupees. After buying a toffee for 50 paise, Shailaja noticed that she was left with exactly three times as much as the amount on the cheque. Which of the following is a valid statement about the cheque amount? (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Over Over Over Over Over Rupees Rupees Rupees Rupees Rupees 13 but less than Rupees 14 7 but less than Rupees 8 22 but less than Rupees 23 18 but less than Rupees 19 4 but less than Rupees 5

Amount 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 107

Solution: Rs. X Y P Y X

I case II case

Cheque amount Cost Amount

It is given that after buying a toffee for 50 paise, she is left with 3 times of the amount on the cheque. Therefore 3(X + Y/100) = (Y + X – 50/100) (299X + 50)/100 = (97Y/100) Y = 3X + (8X + 50/97) X = 18 giving an integral value So the answer will be between 18 and 19.

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Hence the answer is option (4). 6. How many pairs of positive integers m, n satisfy where n is an odd integer less than 60 ? (1) 6 (2) 4 (3) 7 (4) 5

(5) 3

Solution: The given condition is 1/m + 4/n = 1/12 = (n + 4m)12 = mn = 12n + 48m = mn = mn – 12n + 48m = 0 = n(m – 12) + 48 (m – 12) = 12 * 48 = 576 = (m – 12) (n + 48) = 576 Now, the prime factors of 576 which satisfy m = 12n / (n – 48) are 49, 51, and 57. Hence the answer is option (5). Directions for Questions 7 through 10: Each question is followed by two statements A and B. Indicate your responses based on the following directives: Mark (1) if the question can be answered using A alone but not using B alone. Mark (2) if the question can be answered using B alone but not using A alone. Mark (3) if the question can be answered using A and B together, but not using either A or B alone. Mark (4) if the question cannot be answered even using A and B together. 7. The average weight of a class of 100 students is 45 kg. The class consists of two sections, I and II, each with 50 students. The average weight, WI of Section I is smaller than the average weight, WII of Section II. If the heaviest student, say Deepak, of Section II is moved to Section 1, and the lightest student, say Poonam, of Section I is moved to Section II, then the average weights of the two sections are switched, i.e., the average weight of Section I becomes WII and that of Section II becomes WI. What is the weight of Poonam? A: WII - WI = 1.0 B: Moving Deepak from Section II to I (without any move from Ito II) makes the average weights of the two sections equal. Solution: We are given the average weight of a class of 100 students which is 45 kg. Let the weight of Poonam and Deepak be P and D respectively Also, WI < WII (given) Now, WI + WII = 90 … (1) When Deepak moves from section II to I, then average would be 50 WI – P + D = 50WII…….. (2) By using statement A: WII– WI = 1 … (2) We get WI = 44.5 and WII = 45.5 For this we can’t say about the weight of Poonam. By using statement B: We get (50WI + D) / 51 = (50WII – D) / 49 51WII – 49Wi = 2D by which we can’t deduce the value of D. Finally By using both the statement we can deduce the value of D. After getting the value of D we can easily find out the value of P Hence the correct answer option is (3). 8. ABC Corporation is required to maintain at least 400 Kilolitres of water at all times in its factory, in order to meet safety and regulatory requirements. ABC is considering the suitability of a spherical tank with uniform wall thickness for the purpose. The outer diameter of the tank is 10 meters. Is the tank capacity adequate to meet ABC requirements?

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A: The inner diameter of the tank is at least 8 meters. B: The tank weighs 30,000 kg when empty, and is made of a material with density of 3 gm/cc. Solution: A = inner diameter is at least 8 meter, so from 8 to 10, there can be many values. So this answer is not possible. B = weight = 30, 000 kg & density = 39gm/cc So we can find the volume, we also know the outer diameter, so we can find the inner diameter. The answer is option (2). 9. Consider integers x, y and z. What is the minimum possible value of x2+y2+z2 ? A: x+y+z =89 B: Among x, y, z two are equal. Solution: Using statement A: x + y + z = 89. For x2 + y2 + z2 to be minimum, each of x, y, z, must take equal integral value nearest to 89 / 3. Let x = 30, y = 30, and z = 29. Therefore minimum value of x2 + y2 + z2 = 2641 Hence statement A alone is sufficient. From statement B alone nothing can be specified. Hence correct answer option is (1). 10. Rahim plans to draw a square JKLM with a point 0 on the side JK but is not successful. Why is Rahim unable to draw the square? A: The length of OM is twice that of OL. B. The length of OM is 4 cm. Solution: The maximum length of OM will be side x square root 2 when O is at K and it forms a diagonal. A = the length of OM that is twice of OL Hence the answer is (1). Directions for Questions 11 and 12: Cities A and B are in different time zones. A is located 3000 km east of B. The table below describes the schedule of an airline operating non-stop flights between A and B. All the times indicated are local and on the same day. Departure City B A Time 8:00 am 4:00 pm City A B Arrival Time 3:00 pm 8:00 pm

Assume that planes cruise at the same speed in both directions. However, the effective speed influenced by a steady wind blowing from east to west at 50 km per hour. 11. What is the time difference between A and B? (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) I hour and 30 minutes 2 hours 2 hours and 30 minutes 1 hour Cannot be determined

Solution: The distance between 2 cities is 3000 km and A is located in the west. Let the time difference be y hrs. From city B to A, the departure is at 8.00am and the arrival is at 3.00 pm. Let the speed of the planes be x km/hr

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So, 3000 / (x – 50) = 7 – y …(1) Where 7 hrs the time taken from B to A Now, 3000/(x + 50) = 4 + y …(2) On solving equations (1) & (2), we get y = 1 hr Hence the answer is option (4). 12. What is the plane's cruising speed in km per hour? (1) 700 (2) 550 (3) 600 (4) 500 (5) Cannot be determined. Solution: Again by solving equations (1) & (2), we get the value of x = 550 km/hr as the speed. Hence, the correct option is (2). Directions for Questions 13 and 14: Shabnam is considering three alternatives to invest her surplus cash for a week. She wishes to guarantee maximum returns on her investment. She has three options, each of which can be utilized fully or partially in conjunction with others. Option A: Invest in a public sector bank. It promises a return of +0.10%. Option B: Invest in mutual funds of ABC Ltd. A rise in the stock market will result in a return of +5%, while a fall will entail a return of -3%. Option C: Invest in mutual funds of CBA Ltd. A rise in the stock market will result in a return of -2.5%, while a fall will entail a return of +2%. 13. The maximum guaranteed return to Shabnam is (1) 0.25% (2) 0.10% (3) 0.20% (4) 0.15% (5) 0.30% 14. What strategy will maximize the guaranteed return to Shabnam? (1)100 % in option A (2) 36 % in option B and 64% in option C (3) 64 % in option B and 36% in option C (4) 1/3 in each of the three options (5) 30 % in option A, 32% in option B and 38% in option C Solution: Consider the total amount to be 100. (i) 100% in option A In A, the return is +0.10%. Return =0.1 (ii) 36% in option B and 64% in option C Option rise fall B +5% -3% C -2.5% +2% 1st - 36*5/100 +(-)*64/100 =1.8-1.6=0.2 2nd - 36*(-)3/100+64*2/100 =-1.08+1.28=0.2 (iii) 64% in option B, 36% in option C 1st - 64*5/100 +(-2.5)*36/100=3.2-0.9=1.3 2nd - 64*(-)3/100+36*2/100=-1.92+0.72=-0.2 (iv) 1/3 in each of the 3 options Rise - 100*0.1/3*100+100*5/3*100+100*(-2.5)/3*100=0.86 Fall - 100*.1/3*100+100*(-3)/3*100+100*2/3*100=-0.3 (v) 30% in option A, 32% in B and 38% in option C Rise - 30*0.1/100+32*5/100+38*(-2.5)/100=0.68 Fall - 30*0.1/100+32(-3)/100+38*2/100=-0.17

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13. The maximum guaranteed return =0.20% Hence the answer is option (3). 14 The maximum guaranteed return of 0.20 is given by the strategy when she invests 36% in option B and 64% in option C. Hence the answer is option (2). Directions for Questions 15 and 16: Let S he the set of all pairs (i,j) where Any two distinct members of S are called "friends" if they have one constituent of the pairs in common and "enemies" otherwise. For example if n = 4, then S = {(1, 2), (1, 3), (I, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4), (3, 4)}. Here, (1, 2) and (1, 3) are friends, (1, 2) and (2, 3) are also friends, but (1, 4) and (2, 3) are enemies. 15. For general n, how many enemies will each member of S have?

16. For general n, consider any two members of S that are friends. How many other members of S will be common friends of both these members?

Solution: 15. x = no. of enemies n=4,x=1 n = 5, x = 3 n = 6, x = 6 When we put the value of n, we get the corresponding value of x. We see from the options that only 1/2 (n2 – 5n + 6) satisfies the given condition. Hence the answer is option (4). 16. n = 4, z = 2 n = 5, z = 3 n = 6, z = 4 By putting the value of n, we get the corresponding value of z. So by putting the value in the answer options, we get that option (n – 2) satisfies the given condition. Hence the answer is option (4). 17. In a tournament, there are n teams T1, T2, ...,Tn, with n >5. Each team consists of k players, k > 3. The following pairs of teams have one player in common:

No other pair of teams has any player in common. How many players are participating in the tournament, considering all the n teams together?

Solution: As the no. of teams n>5, let the number of teams be n. One player is common in 2 teams. Therefore the arrangement of players will be as given below: (k-2) (k-2) (k-2) (k-2) (k-2) (k-2) T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6

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(1)

(1) (1) (1)

(1)

(1) represents the common player. Therefore the total no. of players = (k-2)6 +6 If the no. of teams is n, the no. of players in each team is k Total number of players =(k-2)n +n =n(k-2+1) =n(k-1) Hence the answer is option (1). 18. Consider four digit numbers for which the first two digits are equal and the last two digits are also equal. How many such numbers are perfect squares? (1)3 (2)2 (3)4 (4)0 (5)1 Solution: Let the four digit number be XXYY i.e. 1000X + 100X + 10Y + Y = 1100X + 11Y = 11(100X + Y) is a perfect square 100X + Y is a multiple of 11. 99X + X + Y is a multiple of 11. 99X is a multiple of 11. X +Y is a multiple of 11. i.e. (2, 9) or (3, 8) or (4, 7) or (5, 6) 11 * 11 (9X + 1) is a perfect square. 9X + 1 should be a perfect square. Only 9x + 1 should be a perfect square. Y=4 The number is 7744. Hence the answer is option (5). Directions for Questions 19 and 20: Mr. David manufactures and sells a single product at a fixed price in a niche market. The selling price of each unit is Rs. 30. On the other hand, the cost, in rupees, of producing x units is 240 + bx + cx 2 where b and c are some constants. Mr. David noticed that doubling the daily production from 20 to 40 units increases the daily production cost by However, an increase in daily production from 40 to 60 units results in an increase of only 50% in the daily production cost. Assume that demand is unlimited and that Mr. David can sell as much as he can produce. His objective is to maximize the profit. 19. How many units should Mr. David produce daily? (1) 130 (2) 100 (3) 70 (4) 150 (5) Cannot be determined 20. What is the maximum daily profit, in rupees, that Mr. David can realize from his business? (1) 620 (2) 920 (3) 840 (4) 760 (5) Cannot be determined Solution: 19. The cost is given as 240 + bx + cx2 When the units increase from 20 to 40, the % rise in cost is 66 2/3% = 2/3 At 20 units, the cost = 240 + 20b + 400c. At 40 units, the cost = 240 + 40b + 1600c As the cost increases by 2/3, 5/3 (240 + 20b + 400c) = 240 + 40b + 1600c …(1) Similarly When units increase from 40 to 60, the % rise in cost is 50% 3/2 (240 + 40b + 1600c) = 240 + 60b +3600 …(2) By solving equations (1) & (2), we get b= 10, c = 1/10

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The cost equation becomes 240 + 10x + x2 /10. The selling price per unit is Rs. 30. Therefore the profit we can obtain by selling x units is 30x-(240 + 10x + x2 /10) Solving this, we get the maximum value of this expression is Rs. 760 which is obtained at x=100 units. Hence the answer is option (2). 20. Maximum profit = Rs.760, daily. Hence the answer is option (4). 21. The price of Darjeeling tea (in rupees per kilogram) is 100 + 0.10n, on the n th day of 2007 (n = 1, 2, ..., 100), and then remains constant. On the other hand, the price of Ooty tea (in rupees per kilogram) is 89 + 0.15n, on the nth day of 2007 (n = I, 2, ..., 365). On which date in 2007 will the prices of these two varieties of tea be equal? (1) May 21 (2) April 11 (3) May 20 (4) April 10 (5) June 30 Solution: Price of Darjeeling tea = 100+ 0.10n on the nth day (n = 1, 2, 3, ………100) Price of Ooty tea = 89 + .015n on the nth day (n = 1, 2, …………365) For Darjeeling tea, the price after the100th day remains constant. Price of Darjeeling tea after 100 days = 100 + 0.1 * 100 = Rs.110 We have to find on which day both have the same price. So 110 = 89 + 0.15n 21 = 0.15n n = 140th day of the year 2007 140th day of 2007 is 20th May Hence the correct option is (3). 22. Two circles with centres P and Q cut each other at two distinct points A and B. The circles have the same radii and neither P nor Q falls within the intersection of the circles. What is the smallest range that includes all possible values of the angle AQP in degrees? (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Between Between Between Between Between 0 0 0 0 0 and and and and and 90 30 60 75 45

Solution: Two circles with centers P & Q of the same radius cut each other at A & B. When these 2 circles intersect, the value of angle AQP is greater than zero. Now it is given that neither P nor Q falls within the intersection of the circles. When P & Q are at the circumference of the circles, triangle PAQ is an equilateral triangle. So the value of angle AQP is 60°. So the range of angle AQP is between O and 60. Hence the answer is option (3). 23. A quadratic function f(x) attains a maximum of 3 at x = 1. The value of the function at x = 0 is 1. What is the value of f(x) at x = 10? (1)-119 (2)-159 (3)-110 (4)-180 (5)-105 Solution: In the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 …(1) at x = 0, c = 1; substitute the values in equation (1). ax2 + bx + 1 = 0 For the maximum value -b/2a = 1 and 4ac-b2/4a = 3 Now for the values of a and b

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4a – b2 = 12a b2 = - 8a 4a2 = - 8a a=-2 -b = 2a b = - 2a So, b = +4 Putting the values of a, b, c in the equation, f (x) = ax2 + bx + c and x = 10 We get - 2x2 + 4x + 1 - 159 Hence the correct option is (2). Directions for Questions 24 and 25:

24. Which of the following best describes an + bn for even n ?

25. If

then what is the smallest odd n such that an + bn <0.01 ?

(1)7 (2)13 (3)11 (4)9 (5)15 Solution: 24. Going by the answer options for n = 2, a2 + b2 = pq + q2 Option (1) q(pq)n/2-1 (pq) = pq + q2 Option (2) qpn/2-1 (p + d) = qp + q2 Option (3) qn/2(p + q) = qp + q2 Option (4) qn/2 (p + q)n /2 = qp +q2 Option (5) qp + q2 For n = 4 a4 +b4 = p2q2 + pq3 Option (1) q(pq) (p + q) = p2q2 + pq3 Option (2) qp (p + q) Option (3) pq2 + q3 Option (4) q2 ( p + q)2 Option (5) q(pq) (p + q)2 = pq2 (p + q)2 Only option (1) best describes an + bn for even (n). Hence the answer is option (1).

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25. When you solve for odd value of n, an + bn< 0.01 at n = 9 Hence the correct option is (4).

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