ASSIGNMENT 6
Stator
μ=∞
μ 0
Rotor
μ=∞
μ 0
Stator
μ=∞
L
update on March 5, 2007
Fig. 1 Model representing electric machine structure.
Use the same assumptions of the electric machine model as in the lecture notes.
Question 1 When a current i passes through the rotor winding, it produces a surface current density
distribution K u k ( )i
=
ϕ
at the rotorairgap interface. Apply Ampere’s Law and Gauss’
z
Law to find the radial Bfield in the airgap, when
k(ϕ)=+C for 0 < ϕ <π
and
k(ϕ)=C for π < _{ϕ} <2π
C represents the constant number of conductors per radian. The positive and negative sign represents the direction of flow of the current i through the rotor winding. Sketch the distribution of k(ϕ) for 0 < ϕ <2π. Sketch the distribution of the radial B(ϕ) field for 0 < _{ϕ} <2π. [Hint: Use the technique in the class notes.
The rotor winding of dc machines, which will be in ECSE 462, has the same conductor distribution. It produces a triangular Bfield, which you also should get.
Question 2
The conductor distribution in Question 1 is a square wave, since
k(ϕ)=+C for 
0 < ϕ <π 

and 
k(ϕ)=C for 
π < _{ϕ} <2π 
Apply Fourier analysis to obtain
K
=
u
z
i
∞
∑
k = 1
A
k
cos
kϕ
+
B
k
sin
kϕ
.
Therefore, from the result obtained in the lecture notes, the radial B field is
B = u
r
μ
0
iR 
∞ ⎧ ∑ A ⎨ − 
k 
sin 
k ϕ 
+ 
B 
k 
cos 
k ϕ 
⎫ ⎬ ⎭ 
g 
k = 1 ⎩ 
k 
k 
.
provided you have computed the Fourier coefficients A _{k} and B _{k} for k=1,2,
[Check: A _{k} ’s are all zero. Even B _{k} ’s are all zero. ]
Write a program (MATHLAB or alternate) to compute
K =
u
z
i
N
∑
k = 1
A
k
k
cos ϕ
+
B
k
sin
k _{ϕ} and
summations of k=1,3 N.
B = u
r
μ 0
iR
∑ A
k = 1
⎨
⎩
k
N ⎧
sin
k
ϕ
+
B
k
cos
k
ϕ
−
g
k
k
⎫ ⎬ ⎭
using
Plot the distribution of K(ϕ) for 0 < ϕ <2π. Plot the distribution of the radial B(ϕ) field for 0 < _{ϕ} <2π.
In order to know at what value of N you can terminate the summation, make plots for
N=9, 19, 199.
[This question is intended to make you revise your Fourier Series also.]
Question 3
For a new winding, the Bfield in the airgap has this Fourier Series representation:
B = u
r
μ
0
iR
N
∑
k = 1
⎨
⎩
B
k
cos
⎧
k
ϕ
g
k
⎫
⎬
⎭
. For practical reason, the infinite series is terminated at N.
What is magnetic energy of the current i?
[ You need to compute
where
Magnetic energy
W
m
=
∫
w
m
volume
dv =
∫
w Rd drdz
m
ϕ
in the volume of the airgap.
:
w =
m
1 B ⋅ H per unit volume.
2
The magnetic energy density
w
m
=
μ
0
i 
2 
R 
2 
N ∑ 
⎧ B 
k 
cos 
k ϕ 
⎫ 
N ∑ 
B 
n 
cos 
ϕ n 

2 g 
2 
k = 1 
⎨ ⎩ 
k 
⎬ ⎭ 
n 
{ 
n 
} 
consists of the product of the 2 summations and yields NxN terms, each term having the
function coskϕ.cosnϕ. In evaluating
W m
=
∫
w dv
m
volume
Because
=
∫
w Rd drdz
m
ϕ
∫ 2
0
π
δ kn
cosk cosn d
ϕ
ϕ ϕ πδ
=
kn
= 1, when
k
and
=
n
δ kn
= 0
otherwise .
= {
0
i
2
3
R L
μ
/ 2
g
}
∑∑∫ N
N
2
0
k = 1
n
π
{
B B
k
n
/
kn
}cos
k
ϕ
cos
d
ϕϕ
n
the NxN terms reduce to N terms. The above is the orthogonal property of harmonic functions. After you have completed the derivation, you have revised Parseval’s Theorem.
Question 4
Show that the inductance of the winding in Question 3 is
L
_{=} πμ
0
3
R L
gk
2
N
∑
k
B
2
k
Question 5
The Bfield in the airgap is:
B = u
r
μ 0
iR
N
∑
k = 1
⎧
⎩ ⎨
B
k cos
k
ϕ
g
k
⎫
⎬
⎭
The current is i = I cos(ωt) where ω=2πf, the frequency f being 60 Hz. Resolve the B field into forward and backward travelling waveforms for each harmonic number k. What are the speeds of rotation in rpm (rotations per minute) for each k ?
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