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ASSIGNMENT 6 Stator
Rotor
R
g

Stator

μ=∞

μ 0 Rotor

μ=∞ μ 0

Stator

μ=∞ L

update on March 5, 2007

Fig. 1 Model representing electric machine structure.

Use the same assumptions of the electric machine model as in the lecture notes.

Question 1 When a current i passes through the rotor winding, it produces a surface current density

distribution K u k ( )i

=

ϕ

at the rotor-airgap interface. Apply Ampere’s Law and Gauss’

z

Law to find the radial B-field in the airgap, when

k(ϕ)=+C for 0 < ϕ

and

k(ϕ)=-C for π < ϕ <2π

C represents the constant number of conductors per radian. The positive and negative sign represents the direction of flow of the current i through the rotor winding. Sketch the distribution of k(ϕ) for 0 < ϕ <2π. Sketch the distribution of the radial B(ϕ) field for 0 < ϕ <2π. [Hint: Use the technique in the class notes. S
T
W
'
ϕ
O P
Q
R
]

The rotor winding of dc machines, which will be in ECSE 462, has the same conductor distribution. It produces a triangular B-field, which you also should get.

Question 2

The conductor distribution in Question 1 is a square wave, since

 k(ϕ)=+C for 0 < ϕ <π and k(ϕ)=-C for π < ϕ <2π

Apply Fourier analysis to obtain

K

=

u

z

i

k = 1

A

k

cos

kϕ

+

B

k

sin

kϕ

.

Therefore, from the result obtained in the lecture notes, the radial B field is

B = u

r

μ

0

 iR ∞ ⎧ ∑ A ⎨ − k sin k ϕ + B k cos k ϕ ⎫ ⎬ ⎭ g k = 1 ⎩ k k

.

provided you have computed the Fourier coefficients A k and B k for k=1,2,

[Check: A k ’s are all zero. Even B k ’s are all zero. ]

Write a program (MATHLAB or alternate) to compute

K =

u

z

i

N

k = 1

A

k

k

cos ϕ

+

B

k

sin

k ϕ and

summations of k=1,3 N.

B = u

r

μ 0

iR

A

k = 1

k

N

sin

k

ϕ

+

B

k

cos

k

ϕ

g

k

k

⎫ ⎬ ⎭ using

Plot the distribution of K(ϕ) for 0 < ϕ <2π. Plot the distribution of the radial B(ϕ) field for 0 < ϕ <2π.

In order to know at what value of N you can terminate the summation, make plots for

N=9, 19, 199.

[This question is intended to make you revise your Fourier Series also.]

Question 3

For a new winding, the B-field in the airgap has this Fourier Series representation:

B = u

r

μ

0

iR

N

k = 1

B

k

cos

k

ϕ

g

k

. For practical reason, the infinite series is terminated at N.

What is magnetic energy of the current i?

[ You need to compute

where

Magnetic energy

W

m

=

w

m

volume

dv =

w Rd drdz

m

ϕ

in the volume of the airgap.

:

w =

m

1 B H per unit volume.
2

The magnetic energy density

w

m

=

μ

0

 i 2 R 2 N ∑ ⎧ B k cos k ϕ ⎫ N ∑ B n cos ϕ n 2 g 2 k = 1 ⎨ ⎩ k ⎬ ⎭ n { n }

consists of the product of the 2 summations and yields NxN terms, each term having the

function coskϕ.cosnϕ. In evaluating

W m

=

w dv

m

volume

Because

=

w Rd drdz

m

ϕ

2

0

π

δ kn

cosk cosn d

ϕ

ϕ ϕ πδ

=

kn

= 1, when

k

and

=

n

δ kn

= 0

otherwise .

= {

0

i

2

3

R L

μ

/ 2

g

}

∑∑∫ N

N

2

0

k = 1

n

π

{

B B

k

n

/

kn

}cos

k

ϕ

cos

d

ϕϕ

n

the NxN terms reduce to N terms. The above is the orthogonal property of harmonic functions. After you have completed the derivation, you have revised Parseval’s Theorem.

Question 4

Show that the inductance of the winding in Question 3 is

L

= πμ

0

3

R L

gk

2

N

k

B

2

k

Question 5

The B-field in the airgap is:

B = u

r

μ 0

iR

N

k = 1

⎩ ⎨

B

k cos

k

ϕ

g

k

The current is i = I cos(ωt) where ω=2πf, the frequency f being 60 Hz. Resolve the B- field into forward and backward travelling waveforms for each harmonic number k. What are the speeds of rotation in rpm (rotations per minute) for each k ?