Saidina Ali bin Abu Talib Saidina Ali (R.
A) was born inside the Kaa¶ba in Mecca on the 31th Rejab 24BH (Ali Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 2011). His father, Abu Talib is the Quraishe tribe¶s leader. Saidina Ali (R.A) is Prophet Muhammad¶s (S.A.W) cousin and being under the care of Prophet Muhammad¶s (S.A.W) since he was little (Ahmad). Saidina Ali (R.A) is said to be the first male Muslim child when he was ten years old after he saw Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) and his wife are worshipping Allah. During the dinner hosted by Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) to invite the elders of Quraish to Islam, Saidina Ali (R.A) stated that ³I am the youngest of you. I may be a boy, my feet may not be strong enough but, O messenger of Allah, I shall be your helper. Whoever opposes you, I shall fight him as a mortal enemy.´ (Sarwar, 1996). Saidina Ali¶s (R.A) love for Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) has been proved during the night of the migration of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) to Medina. He risked his own life by sleeping on Prophet Muhammad¶s (S.A.W) bed to impersonate him and thwart an assassination plot of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) laid by the unbelievers (Sarwar, 1996). Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) strengthens their relationship by marrying his youngest and most beloved daughter, Fatimah to Saidina Ali (R.A). As a result, Saidina Ali (RA) and Fatima are blessed with four children and two of their sons, Hasan and Husain, are loved by Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) like his own sons (Ahmad). Saidina Ali (R.A) took part in all battles and expeditions fought for Islam except for Battle of Tabouk (Ahmad). In the Battle of Badr, he defeated the Umayyad champion, Walid ibn Utba as well as many Mecca¶s soldiers (Ali - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 2011). He also protected Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) in the Battle of Uhud when most of the Muslim army fled from the battle due to the mistake of the Muslims archer who had left the pass undefended (Ahmad). Furthermore, he also is the commander of the Muslim army in the battle of Khaybar. After that, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) gave him his nickname as ³Asadullah´ which means ³Lion of Allah´ due to his bravery (Sarwar, 1996). After the death of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W), Saidina Abu Bakar (R.A) was selected as the first Caliph. He never leaves out Saidina Ali (R.A) when there are important meetings and consult with him before making any decision. Saidina Umar Al Khattab (R.A), the second Caliph
1996). After Saidina Uthman (R. Saidina Ali (R. the one who does and does not support Saidina Ali (R. Muawiyah and his assistant. 20 Ramadhan 40 AH (659 CE) (Sarwar.A) as the Caliph of Medina until Saidina Ali (R.A) took action against Saidina Uthman¶s (R.A) also did the same.A) refused at first but agreed after discussed the matter with the remaining Companions.A) was murdered.
. During this turmoil.A) and fought bloody battles among themselves.A) murderers (Sarwar.A) fired Muawiyah and the other government¶s servants due to bias towards their bloodline. The rioters proposed Ali¶s name for the position of Caliphate. the Govenor of Syam would not admit Saidina Ali (R. Amru bin Al-As thus divided Muslim into two groups. Saidina Ali (RA) was fatally wounded by Ibn Miljim during Salatul-Fajr thus died on Friday. Due to some people that against the election of Saidina as the Caliph of Medina such as Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan. Saidina Ali (R. Medina was in riot led by Ghafqi who is the leader of Egyptian rioters (Ahmad). However. 1996).as well as Saidina Uthman (R.
. (2011. London: The Muslim Educational Trust. the free encyclopedia: http://en. (n. April 17). 115.d. (1996). P.org/wiki/Ali Sarwar. the free encyclopedia. Islam Beliefs and Teachings.wikipedia. G. from Wikipedia. 2011.Bibliography
Ahmad. Biography of the Four Caliphs . F. Concise Biography of the Four Caliphs: scribd. Retrieved April 18.).Wikipedia.