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General Certificate of Education

Mathematics 6360

MFP1 Further Pure 1

Mark Scheme

2008 examination - January series

Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner and considered, together with the relevant questions, by a panel of subject teachers. This mark scheme includes any amendments made at the standardisation meeting attended by all examiners and is the scheme which was used by them in this examination. The standardisation meeting ensures that the mark scheme covers the candidates’ responses to questions and that every examiner understands and applies it in the same correct way. As preparation for the standardisation meeting each examiner analyses a number of candidates’ scripts: alternative answers not already covered by the mark scheme are discussed at the meeting and legislated for. If, after this meeting, examiners encounter unusual answers which have not been discussed at the meeting they are required to refer these to the Principal Examiner. It must be stressed that a mark scheme is a working document, in many cases further developed and expanded on the basis of candidates’ reactions to a particular paper. Assumptions about future mark schemes on the basis of one year’s document should be avoided; whilst the guiding principles of assessment remain constant, details will change, depending on the content of a particular examination paper.

Further copies of this Mark Scheme are available to download from the AQA Website: www.aqa.org.uk Copyright © 2008 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. COPYRIGHT AQA retains the copyright on all its publications. However, registered centres for AQA are permitted to copy material from this booklet for their own internal use, with the following important exception: AQA cannot give permission to centres to photocopy any material that is acknowledged to a third party even for internal use within the centre. Set and published by the Assessment and Qualifications Alliance.

The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 3644723) and a registered charity (registered charity number 1073334). Registered address: AQA, Devas Street, Manchester M15 6EX Dr Michael Cresswell Director Genera

2

MFP1 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2008 January series

Key to mark scheme and abbreviations used in marking M m or dM A B E or ft or F CAO CSO AWFW AWRT ACF AG SC OE A2,1 –x EE NMS PI SCA mark is for method mark is dependent on one or more M marks and is for method mark is dependent on M or m marks and is for accuracy mark is independent of M or m marks and is for method and accuracy mark is for explanation follow through from previous incorrect result correct answer only correct solution only anything which falls within anything which rounds to any correct form answer given special case or equivalent 2 or 1 (or 0) accuracy marks deduct x marks for each error no method shown possibly implied substantially correct approach MC MR RA FW ISW FIW BOD WR FB NOS G c sf dp mis-copy mis-read required accuracy further work ignore subsequent work from incorrect work given benefit of doubt work replaced by candidate formulae book not on scheme graph candidate significant figure(s) decimal place(s)

No Method Shown Where the question specifically requires a particular method to be used, we must usually see evidence of use of this method for any marks to be awarded. However, there are situations in some units where part marks would be appropriate, particularly when similar techniques are involved. Your Principal Examiner will alert you to these and details will be provided on the mark scheme. Where the answer can be reasonably obtained without showing working and it is very unlikely that the correct answer can be obtained by using an incorrect method, we must award full marks. However, the obvious penalty to candidates showing no working is that incorrect answers, however close, earn no marks. Where a question asks the candidate to state or write down a result, no method need be shown for full marks. Where the permitted calculator has functions which reasonably allow the solution of the question directly, the correct answer without working earns full marks, unless it is given to less than the degree of accuracy accepted in the mark scheme, when it gains no marks. Otherwise we require evidence of a correct method for any marks to be awarded.

3

MFP1 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2008 January series

MFP1 Q

Solution z1 + 4i z1* = (2 + i) + 4i (2 − i) 1 ... = (2 + i) + (8i + 4) ... = 6 + 9i, so x = 6 and y = 3 2 0.01(21) added to value of y So y(1.01) ≈ 4.02 Second increment is 0.01(21.01) ... ≈ 0.020 139 So y(1.02) ≈ 4.040 14 3 Use of tan π = 1 4 Introduction of nπ Division of all terms by 4 Addition of π/8 GS x = 3π + nπ 16 4 4(a)

Use of formula for

Marks M1 M1 M1A1 Total M1 A1 m1 A1 A1 Total

Totals

4 4

Comments Use of conjugate Use of i2 = −1 M1 for equating Real and imaginary parts Variations possible here PI

5 5

B1 M1 m1 m1 A1

Total

Degrees or decimals penalised in last mark only or kn at any stage OE OE

5

5

∑ r or ∑ r

3

M1 m1 m1 A1 clearly shown ditto

n is a factor of the expression So is (n + 1) Sn = 1 n(n + 1)(n 2 + n − 12) 4

... =

1 4

n(n + 1)(n + 4)(n − 3)

(b) n = 1000 substituted into expression Conclusion convincingly shown 1000 is even, hence conclusion Need 4 Total 1 5(a) Asymptotes are y = ± 2 x (b) x = 4 substituted into equation y2 = 3 so y = ± 3 (c)(i) y-coords are 2 ± 3 (ii) Hyperbola is

A1F m1 A1

5 2

ft wrong value for k The factor 1004, or 1000 + 4, seen not ‘2008 × 124749625’ OE

7

M1A1 M1 A1

B1F

2

OE; M1 for y = ± mx

2

1

Allow NMS

ft wrong answer to (b)

x − ( y − 2) 2 = 1 4 Asymptotes are y = 2 ± 1 x 2

Total

2

M1A1 B1F M1A1 A1F M1A1 E1 B1F B1 B1F B1F Total 3 1 1 2 10 3 3 8

M1A0 if y + 2 used ft wrong gradients in (a) M1 if zeroes appear in the right places ft provided of right form OE SC q = 2 3 NMS 1/3 surd for sin 60º needed ft wrong value for q PI; ft wrong value in (a)(i) ft if c’s M4 = kI

6(a)(i)

⎡12 0 ⎤ M2 = ⎢ ⎣ 0 12 ⎥ ⎦ = 12I q cos 60° = 1 q = 3 ⇒ q = 2 3 2 Other entries verified

(ii)

(b)(i) SF = q = 2 3 (ii) Equation is y = x tan 30º (c) M4 =144I M4 gives enlargement SF 144

4

MFP1 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2008 January series

MFP1 (cont) Q Solution 3 7(a)(i) (−1 + h) = −1 + 3h −3h2 + h3 yB = (−1 + 3h −3h2 + h3)+1−h+1 ... = 1 + 2h − 3h2 + h3 (ii) Subtraction of 1 and division by h Gradient of chord = 2 − 3h + h2 (iii) As h → 0, gr(chord) → gr(tgt) = 2 (b)(i) x2 = −1 − 1 = −1.5 2

Marks B1 B1F B1 M1M1 A1 E1B1F M1 A1F M1 A1 Total B1B1 M1A1 M1A1 B1E1 M1 A1 E2 Total B1 × 3 M1

Totals

Comments PI ft numerical error convincingly shown (AG)

3 3 2

E0 if ‘h = 0’ used; ft wrong value of p ft wrong gradient dep't only on the last M1

2 2 12 6 2

(ii) Tangent at A drawn α and x2 shown correctly 8(a)(i) α + β = 2, αβ = 4 α3 + β3 = (2)3 − 3(4)(2) = −16 α3 β3 = (4)3 = 64, hence result (ii) Discriminant 0, so roots equal 2 ± 4 − 16 (b) x = 2 1 i 12 ... = 1 ± 2 (c) α, β = 1 ± i 3 and α3 = β3, hence result 9(a) Asymptotes x = 0, x = 4, y = 0 (b) y = k ⇒ 2 = kx( x − 4) ... ⇒ 0 = kx 2 − 4kx − 2 Discriminant = (4k)2 + 8k At SP y = − 1 2

convincingly shown (AG) or by factorisation or by completing square

2 2 12 3

A1 m1 A1 m1 A1 6

not just k = − 1 2

... ⇒ 0 = − 1 x 2 + 2 x − 2 2 So x = 2

(c)

y B1 O x B1 B1 3 Curve with three branches approaching vertical asymptotes correctly Outer branches correct Middle branch correct

Total TOTAL

12 75

5

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