Tutorial task 2.

1

1. What are the three parts of a paragraph? Topic sentence, support sentences and clincher

2. What is a topic sentence? . The topic sentence is most commonly the first sentence of the paragraph. It gives the reader a fair idea of what the paragraph is going to be about. Every paragraph needs a topic sentence

3. What does the rest of the paragraph do for the rest of the topic sentence? It discusses what the topic sentence is about and brings more information to paragraph so the reader gets a fair idea what exactly the paragraph was about.

4. What is a appropriate number of support sentences in a paragraph? 4/5 support sentences + clincher.

5. What must you end your paragraph with? What is another way to describe this final sentence? The clincher is there to reinforce the main ideas that were contributed throughout the paragraph.

6. Choose a topic to sentence from below and write a paragraph for it?

- Skin damage from the sun can pose very real risks to overall health.

Skin damage is potentially dangerous and very risky if you are going to be in any way exposed to the sun. Our health is one thing that many people take for granted and going in the sun is no other. The three main types of skin cancer are: basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, known as non-melanocytic skin cancers, and melanoma. The more your skin is exposed to the sun, even without burning, the greater your risk of skin cancer is. While the tan fades, the damage to your skin still remains. As a result half the people diagnosed with skin cancer, were exposed to too much sun when they were young. Parents do play a part in helping to reduce skin cancer, as they can help encourage their children to wear the appropriate things needed, while being exposed to the sun.

Tutorial task 2.2

7. Choose one of the topic sentences below and write a ‘boring’ paragraph similar to the one in paragraph 5C above:

- It makes me so unhappy to realise how many people are staving around the world.

I feel so unhappy when I see how much people around the world are actually starving. Starvation is a disease. Millions of people die from it every year. Lots of money is given to help stop starvation. But no change seems to come. I would love to one day help solve this terrible disease from happening.

8. Now write an interesting paragraph with more detail in it on the same topic as you chose in question 7, i.e. using sentences of varying lengths and structures.

I feel so unhappy when I see how much people around the world are actually starving. Starvation is a terrible disease, which eventually leads to millions of people dying each year, as there is not enough food resource to go around. Plenty of money is given to help bring starvation to a halt but the same problem seems to still be expanding. I would love to one day become a spokesperson for starvation and help lend a helping hand into stopping this manifests disease from reestablishing.

9. Expand each of the following sentences to make each one an interesting sentence. Aim to make your new sentences two to three times as long as the given ones.

- She took the car to the mechanic.

Mary was driving her pink beetle into the shopping mall parking lot when all of a sudden, she saw smoke arising in her car, lucky for her there was a mechanic shop beside the mall.

- He hit the best shot of his life

He tighten his grip onto the golf club and looked directly above, as to where he wanted the ball to go, with a pause, he hit the ball into the air and his eyes never left it until it went into the hole, with a sudden relieve and excitement in himself, he just couldn’t content himself from jumping around as he and everyone knew a shot like that is one in a million.

-

She rode around and around on her bike.

As Lisa’s dad removed his cold hands away from her eyes, Lisa stood there surprised and just couldn’t believe that her parents got her the newest bike on the market. She

quickly ripped the ribbon off it and started to ride round and round the neighbourhood.

-

He caught some fish that day.

The sun shone on the water as the breeze swept thought the air, the river bank that seemed to always be occupied with hungry fisherman’s, as Mark look around he couldn’t believe how deserted it was, but to come to think of it, it really did seem like a bad thing as he knew that he could catch a lot more fishes then usually.

Tutorial task 2.3

Answer Question 10-11.

10. Devise four new sentences, one for each of your new sentences from Question 9. Each of these new sentences is to follow on from its predecessor and provide a contrast with it by being very short.

- She took the car to the mechanic.

Mary was driving her pink beetle into the shopping mall parking lot when all of a sudden; she saw smoke arising in her car, lucky for her there was a mechanic shop beside the mall. She quickly reverse her car out of the parking lot and hurried up into the mechanic shop, as she began parking in her little loved pink beetle in with all of an sudden it just gave in and wouldn’t budge. The friendly mechanics staff told her that it would take weeks before her beetle would be back on the road, as they needed some parts from China.

- He hit the best shot of his life

He tighten his grip onto the golf club and looked directly above, as to where he wanted the ball to go, with a pause, he hit the ball into the air and his eyes never left it until it went into the hole, with a sudden relieve and excitement in himself, he just couldn’t

content himself from jumping around as he and everyone knew a shot like that is one in a million. As he stood their in disbelief Jason knew that not a shot like that comes everyday, lucky for him, his wife was recording it on the video camera that they had just recently bought. Now that memory would be with him forever.

-

She rode around and around on her bike.

As Lisa’s dad removed his cold hands away from her eyes, Lisa stood there surprised and just couldn’t believe that her parents got her the newest bike on the market. She quickly ripped the ribbon off it and started to ride it round and round the neighbourhood. Lisa began to get bored of riding on it so she decided to go to her best friend place and let her have a go on it. When Lisa arrived at Jessica’s place she placed her bike on the lawn and ran inside the house. Jessica was watching television, but when she saw Lisa she quickly followed her outside. Jessica couldn’t believe that Lisa parents got her a new bike and was so excited when Lisa let her ride on it.

-

He caught some fish that day.

As Mark look around the deserted river bank he knew that today he was going to catch a lot more fishes than usually, as the river bank that he has been catching fishes for the past ten years is a popular spot to catch fishes and is rarely unoccupied as it was today. He had been there two hours and had caught twenty-five medium sizes fishes that would usually

take five hours or even more. As the heat of the sun was really hot, Mark decided to pack his fishing equipment up and have an early day.

11. Develop a paragraph from one of your sentences from Question 9, using interesting sentences of varied lengths and structures. You can use or omit the short sentences you wrote for Question 10.

- She took the car to the mechanic.

Mary was driving her pink beetle into the shopping mall parking lot when all of a sudden; she saw smoke arising in her car, lucky for her there was a mechanic shop beside the mall. She quickly reverse her car out of the parking lot and hurried up into the mechanic shop, as she began parking in her little loved pink beetle in with all of an sudden it just gave in and wouldn’t budge. The friendly mechanics staff told her that it would take weeks before her beetle would be back on the road, as they needed some parts from China. Mary didn’t care how long it took to fix it, she was just pleased that her little beetle was still alive and would one day be back on the road.

Tutorial task 2.4

12. What is the purpose of the clincher sentence?

The clincher is there to help finish the paragraph and bring some sense or closure to the topic.

13. List two ways you can construct one.

It truly depends on what the paragraph is about and what you believe in . If what you are writing is true and you are passionate about it, therefore your clincher is going to be different then to someone who is writing it for the hell of it. The clincher is really up to who is writing it and what it is they are exactly writing. Constructing one is really just putting a end to the paragraph, but making sure the reader would be left with a bit of a satisfying feeling.

Tutorial task 3.2

2. Work out what the topic of each paragraph is.

Paragraph 1: What lead people to make such a useful invention. Paragraph 2: Kane’s paper was intensively the drive and motivation that was needed to help create this invention. Who is Dr David Jamieson? Paragraph 3: How does the classical and quantum computer work? Paragraph 4: Dr David Jamison has faith in his theories about the quantum computer. Paragraph 5: What can a Quantum computer do and what makes it so different from a conventional computer? Paragraph 6: What are the benefits that the public should receive with this invention? Paragraph 7: Who exactly is in the race to get the first pro type working computer (quantum computer). Paragraph 8: Who is Matt Warren and what does he say about this invention. Paragraph 9: What is the reality of such an invention? Paragraph 10: When are we likely to see this amazing invention? Paragraph 11: Is it still theoretically possible that a Quantum computer can and would be made.

3. Summarise the content of the passage in prose.

The quantum leap

The quantum Computer has been theoretical possible since the 1980’s. Until 1998 when Bruce Kane a post-doctoral student from the University of New South Wales, expressed his concerns for a real life functioning quantum computer. Kane’s original ideas were to place individual phosphorus atoms into existing solid state silicon devices and store quantum information on this silicon. Kane’s ideas has gained global interests, one being Dr David Jamison, who is following in Kane’s footsteps.

Dr David Jamison, who is an Associate Professor in Physics at the University of Melbourne and heads the Melbourne chapter of the Centre for Quantum Computer Technology (CQCT), understands the complexity that the Quantum computer would bring when being developed, despite it all, Jamison has complete trust in his theories, as he hasn’t experienced any failure yet. Dr Jamieson explains that the effective development of the Quantum computer would be able to determine the factors of any prime number, enhance cryptographic ability and reduce security breaches. This would therefore increase safer online banking, shopping and data transmission.

This extreme invention, that has sent some researches quite round the twist, isn’t owned by the military. What exactly does that mean? Well universities and college’s backed with government money are simply in the race with other high profile businesses to help

develop the first workable prototype. Do not leave out the possibility of this invention going to the highest bidder. Keep in mind that this situation is simply the same as were computing was 50 years ago.

A classical computer is simply a computer that we would use for word processing, accessing the internet and playing games on it. This is all controlled by manipulating ‘bits’. As for the Quantum computer it is controlled by ‘qubits’ (quantum bits). A conventional computer would take a very long time to find a particular sequence of base pair in DNA sequence for a person, whereas a quantum computer would do it very quickly.

Jamieson predicts that it would take ten years before anything of value is produced, as for Matt Warren an Associate Professor of Information Technology, at Deakin University; gives it fifty years, as he remains optimistic that Information Technology would have it day. Warren believes that the development of Quantum computer is so far from reach that all arguments against it, can only be of a theoretical nature. A Quantum computer can be made keeping in mind that the first computer made, wasn’t really intended for general use. So the reality of the Quantum Computer is well and truly rooted into the distant future.

Tutorial task 3.4

Ecological footprints

Scientists and environmentalists encourage people in the developed and developing parts of the world to be aware of the ecological footprints, as a way of lessening the bad environmental impacts of this lifestyle. A footprint is a calculated area of land; that would be needed to sustain in an individual indefinite and can be used to compare resource use from different groups of people. So while the global average for all people on the earth is 1.8 hectares; the average Australian has a footprint of 7.7 hectares.

We might ask why we and concerned scientists would worry about our ecological footprint or attempt to reduce it? Some might altruistically want to share the earth’s resources fairly with all the people around the world; so that everyone would have enough to eat, drink and get the basic shelter medical care needed. Others may think of future generations and whether these basic requirements for life will be available to them, thinking of their children and grandchildren. Or perhaps the fish stocks in the sea, clean air, productive soil, and water resources will be so depleted. That there lives will be reduced to those that are living in the undeveloped countries today. If we are to believe Ian Lowe, the newly elected President of the Australian conservation foundation then we will recongnise that the most urgent reason for caring about our ecological footprint is

because of global warming and their impacts on species diversity, coastal lands, the spread of diseases, the frequency and severity of catastrophic events; like storm fires floods and drought. Like saving forests, rivers, coral reefs, and wilderness, Lowe says “that all other environmental issues will be pointless in the face of global warming, warming us to act soon”. The result of a 0.6 degree rise in temperature in the last 50 years has had a demonstrable affects on world environments like coral reefs and ice masses. So, what will a 2 to 6 degree rise do? It is beyond accurate predictions.