wwwwwwwÕ  

 

w  .

w   Õ.

.

.

.

w   w w w w w w w w w  w MÕ   w .

 w  w      !  ""! .

Summary   .

ance  a force whch faces .

he sh durng her mo.

on. so .

o allow .

he sh .

o move we mus.

overcome .

So .hs force.

s mpor.

an.

.

o calcula.

e .

hs force .

o make .

poss le .

o calcula.

e .

he effec.

ve power whch s requred .

o choose .

he su.

able power plan.

.

o push .

he shp n .

he wa.

er. Shp .

o.

al ress.

ance may be classfed n.

underwa.o.

er ress.

ance. and above wa.

er ress.

The above wa.ance.

er ress.

ance s .

he ress.

ance forces of wnd ac.

ng on .

he above wa.

er par.

of .

he shp. So .

s magn.

ude depends on .

he wnd speed and drec.

as well as .on.

he shape of .

he above wa.

er area. So .

s value s very small and amoun.

ng .

o abou.

1-2% of .

he ress.

The underwa.ance.

er ress.

ance may be classfed n.

o s.

ll wa.

er ress.

ance and rough wa.

er ress.

Acknowledgmen.ance.

s In preparng .

hs paper. I owe .

and.o my frends Ahmed Abdelhakm. Ahmed Shawky. Ahmed Elsad. I owe .

eng. Dr. Mna.o my supervsor. Adel Banawan. I owe also .

o my unvers.

y. revsed . They have challenged my advce.

. and made .

Con. more precse.

en.

s 1. a. Over vew 2. Man dmensons 3.

os 4. Coeffcen.

 o.s 5.

her parame.

ers 6. S.

ll wa.

er ress.

ance ? A.

low speeds ? A.

hgh speeds 7. ough wa.

er ress.

ance 8. Shallow wa.

er ress.

ance 9. Calcula.

ng resduary ress.

ance usng Guldhammer and Harvald me.

hod .

Over vew Fg 1 shows .

he classfca.

on of s.

ll wa.

er ress.

ance Man dmensons †  m 173.76 T B m 7.8 LCB af.993 m 24.

524  . m 2.

1089   ½ ½ a.9   20585.268  udder area  32.3  ½ .ons 21099.

os † ö 7 ö †  †  254.855 Coeffcen.

s           ½ O.

her parame.

ers Å w    ½ ! m ½  m       ½½    .

   .

S.

ll wa.

er ress.

 - %. ! % / 01 /  .1 ! .0  .ance    ! "#$ !  !  w ‘  %&Å  '  w ()*  † + ! ö#.

121 3 + ()*  w.  0.01  w  ö ! .

 .

9† w A.  Å'† w  Å .    w w "½  w   w ö "  2  ' # w †    1 † 4 !  #56 /   %w $   % w 78965 ‘ / # ‘  :.

  ! %% P†ö ! + † . < w ‘  =6  > ?@ AB > C ? D EFG H # AB D w + 65JL 2 / MN #6JOJ w 6  . low speeds :.3 ö I ½w MN  %1 ö I  w †  ö 10 + / +A # Q w / 1%  ! .. %I JK6 .

MN ½½½½w 6 ½½½  w   > 6KLR [  +A /  / 1! w [   w     w    /     w O ½ ½ w ST ')U YZ X .

)UVW# w 0 .

 / O w + † † ^ O  0 20 / . w ö _½w A. w ö+ † ö ] \6     / %% / 2.01.  ! 120  w \6  ½ w w \  > 55IAB L w   ½  w † _  1 /  .

n.

ermeda.

 %%w ‘  =6  > ?@ AB > C 6  122. 6I 6½ ½w /‘ ? D EFG AB a5I H # AB D w  55LK † # / #6I5L w † ö #w .e speeds  ` :. ` %%w ‘ ‘ AB # a5I !  :. /  ‘ AB a5OO % :.

% \6  ½  ½w \  > 55IAB L w \   w ‘ h      %    ß       %    ß ‘   #ß #ß #ß #ß #ß #ß ß #ß #ß  #ß  #ß % #ß #ß  #ß #ß  #ß #ß  #ß #ß  #ß #ß w AB a5I ½ ½ :.\6  / .  ßßß ßß ßß%% ßß% ßß% ß   ß% % ß% ß ßß ß%%ß ßß%  ß ßß ß% ß  ß % ß %  ß%ß ß ö 5L + 55OI # # w † ö wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww ‘ \  $ßß ß $ßß  $ßß  $ßß   $ßß  $ßß %% $ßß ß  $ßß ß  $ßß ß % $ßß ß $ßß ß $ßß $ßß $ßß % $ßß $ßßß%  ‘  $ %  $ $ $ß ß $ß  ßßßß  ßßßß ßß  ßß%ß ß  ß % ß %ß  % %ß% ß  %ß  %%  ß ß%   %$    $ %$  ß$ % $ß  $ß ß$ß %%$ß %$ß ß%$ß $ß%  $ß% ß%$ß% $ß% % $ß   $ß  ß%$ß  ßßßßß  ßßßßßß ßßßß AB a5OO  $  ßßß%%% ßßßß ßßß%% ßßß%  ßßß ß  ßßß ß ßßß % ßßß% ßßß % ßßß %%  ßßß ßßß ß  ßßß% ßßßß ßßß ßßß ßßß%% ßßß % ßßß  ßßß   w ‘  %%ß%ß%  % ß %  ß ßß ß%  ß %%% %  ß  %% %ß %  ß  %% ß %% ßß  ß ßß ß  % w  ßß w ßßß w  ßß w ßßß w ßß w ß w ß ß  ß  Fg 2 shows .

he .

o.

al s.

ll wa.

er ress.

ance vara.

on w.

h respec.

.

o .

he shp's veloc.

y   ßßß% % ßßß ßßß%  ßßß% ßßß ßßß ß% ßßßß% ßßßß  ßßßß% % ßßßßß ßßßß  ßßßß  ßßßßßß  ßßß ßßßß ßßß ßßßß ßßß ßßß% ßßß% .

ough wa.

er ress.

ance Ths s due .

o .

he sea waves encoun.

ered by .

I.he shp.

s value depends on .

he cond.

ons of .

he sea and may amoun.

.

o 25-35% for servce n .

he nor.

h A.

lan.

c. and abou.

15-20% for servce n .

he Med.

Shallow wa.erranean Sea.

er ress.

ance When .

he shp moves .

hrough shallow wa.

she wll be affec.er.

ed by .

wo man effec.

back flow effec.s.

and wave re..

arda.

on effec.

Shallow wa..

er effec.

s become pronounced when.

. ­ So we wll consder . < .

ha.

.

he dep.

h of wa.

er whch we wll make calcula.

851685656 0.999932367 0.787801401 h     %%  % %  %%%% ß% ß  ß%  ßß%  ß% ß %%ß % ß  h  ß%ß ß   ß ß ß  ßß% %ß  %ß %%ß %    ß ßß %    ß%  % + 6J #  '   %%ß   %  %ß%   ß ß   ß ß%  ßß%    % % % %ß %  %  '  ß % %    %% % ßß       ß  ß%  %ß%  %ß %ß% %  '  $%  $ $ $ß ß $ß  ßßßß  ßßßß ßß  ßß%ß ß  ß % ß %ß  % %ß% ß  %ß  %% '.913075843 0.997001804 0.962584136 0.b ­ =0.999997889 0.939995721 0.979722647 0.999999993 0.990987796 0.232056978 h      %    ß       %   &  ß%ß  %ß %  ß %ßß ß% % ß   %ß% %  ß   ß %  ß ß  ßß%  ßßß ß %ß ß%ßß ß%ßß ßß ß %ß ß %ß ß %ß ß% ßß ßß ßß ß%ß  ßß  ßßß  ßß% ßß% %ß% h / h 1 1 1 1 0.883201325 0.819614633 0.581  ! " #G­(F   ! "# c**d ! 1  ! "# G­(F =1.ons s  =3T .999358296 0.

 % %% ß ß% %ß % %  ß    ß % %%ß ß % %% % ß %ß .

726991681  % %ßß% %%ß  ß  ß% ß   ßß ßßß  ßß ßßß ßß ß ß ß  3 3 ß 3w.756807759  ß  % %  ß % ß  %ß ßßß 0. ( (ß 0.

 Fg 3 shows .

he .

o.

al shp ress.

ance n shallow wa.

er vara.

on w.

h respec.

.

o shp's veloc.

y. Calcula.

ng resduary ress.

ance usng Guldhammer and Harvald me.

hod 4 @ ^ .

=6.34 =3.1   )    ) e .

 )  Ý  ß % ß% % ß% ß   aO ! f  ) ö ./ %3 ö + f + f  )  1 ö f +  ) e4g hG(   ) e aO  .

ß ß  ß% ß  f  ) †ö / †ö hijklk! # c()c ! f†ö   ) e  †ö hijklk!  .

ßß  ßß ßß % ßß  ß  f  )  f†ö   )  ß ßß % ßß ß .

ßß ß%% ßß%  ß ßß ß% ß   ß % ß  ß%ß  ß ß       %  ßß% ßß%  ß ß ßß ß ß% ß   ß  ß ß% .