About the ISO 8573-1 standard

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specifying an oil concentration of ≤ 0.5 psia and 20oC (68F) Conformance to Class 1 was sometimes called “a technically oil-free solution” 2 .History of ISO 8573 The original version of 1991 (edition1) standard defined 5 classes on oil concentration The best – Class 1.01 mg/m3 at 1 bar(a) 14.

Quote “Oil may be removed by high efficiency filters” It also cautioned users about using oil-free compressors Quote “The quality of air delivered by non-lubricated compressors is influenced by the quality of the intake air and the compressor design” Oil vapors. the provisions in the standard were not adequate to assure the purity levels demanded by the industry and a new edition of the standard evolved: edition 2. 3 . the standard recommended methods to remove oil from the compressed air. which are not removed by coalescing filters were accorded negligible importance (when in fact quantity of vapors may be higher than aerosols) Quote “Therefore below approximately 35 oC (95 oF). the oil vapor content may be disregarded” In effect.ISO 8573-1 (1991) Unusually.

it is always in these three forms: Aerosols are partially removed by coalescing filters and appear as condensate Wall flow either appears in condensate or travels to the process Vapors are not removed by coalescing filters! 4 .Forms of oil in pipelines When oil is present in pipelines.

liquid and vapour) – A standard was introduced on measurement of oil vapour ISO 8573 part 5 – A new class (Class 0) was introduced to cover more stringent quality requirements – The clause which recommended ways to remove oil was deleted – Representative samples were asked 5 .ISO 8573-1 (2001) Major changes: – The standard now spoke about total oil content (aerosol.

ISO 8573-1 Testing Methods ISO 8573-1 Part 2 – Measurement of Aerosols ISO 8573-1 Part 5 – Measurement of oil fumes and vapors 6 .

– Measures all aerosols and wall flow 7 .Aerosols Method B1 – Measurement of full flow with membranes.ISO 8573-1 Part 2 .

Aerosols Method B2 – Sampling probe at the center of the pipe is used. – Wall flow is not measured 8 .ISO 8573-1 Part 2 .

9 .Vapors Chemical absorption of oil by use of activated carbon.ISO 8573-1 Part 5 .

– The above conditions are not representative.5 psia). the working conditions of the compressor are at higher pressures. Oil carry over will be greater at higher temperatures ! 10 .ISO 8573-1 Temperature factor Reference Conditions: – The reference conditions are specified as 20 oC (68 oF) and 1 bar (a) (14. Filters receive air at 4-10 oC (7-18 oF) above cooling medium temperature which could reach 30 oC (86 oF)! Also.

40 oC and 50 oC at the measurement point – 2 different pressures: 1 bar(a) and 8 bar(a) Why is this important? – Temperatures: oil carry-over increases exponentially with increasing temperatures.Atlas Copco’s test TÜV tested Atlas Copco’s Z series of oil-free rotary screw compressors at: – Three different temperatures: 20 oC. 11 . it is important to test at all possible conditions. country to country and application to application. – Especially at 8 bar(a). the oil concentration goes up as compared to 1 bar(a) As production environments change from place to place.

ISO 8573-1 Filter factor Another factor influencing test results when measuring oil residue in compressed air: – using lubricated compressors in combination with filters The saturation level of the filter may affect oil carry-over. 12 .

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