N::>A "1ec.\-y\\ C.

d\
\/0\ "'IV ,
\
No.1
UNCLASSIFIED
Key ToTheExtraterrestrial Messages
nv H.
(
Dr. ('lIl11lJlli/:11(' a serie« uf 29 {mill III1/.'r ,.pan' in
"l-:.rtmt"rf1'strial Int"/Iipl'nn>." NSA Teehnico! Journnl, Vol. X1. Nil.
IIIJ. /11/ If. arid in Ih" Ma/hl'matil',' and of II",
.JfIIlrIllIl, I'll. II i If. '1'111' rlll/owi'JI! II k,'y til th"IlI' n..
Parauraph' numlwr.• parallel the serial numbers of the 1II1' ••SlII!I'S reprinted
ill /hl' alllll'lIdi.r bt'I,,,,'. This 1/111 ""II' s,'r;,',.--:III lII,d :11'--1111/
illl'llldl'fl ;11 /hl' artie/,'.
AI every step in I he solution we make a at Jhe meaning.
!,:\'ilh'nl'I' will quickly accumulate to verify or refute this The
1I""sihililv of IImhil!:lIit Ill' IWII l'lInl'il\l"nl I'oillt illnl' i" \'('ry rpmnll'.
Only in Ih" last sreps. where veriticarion is thin. could this happen.
l. There nre z l I'ymblll .., in the nrder I!:i\'en bv this messaae.
:!. Ii is equivalent ttl AA, C ttl AAA, etc. That is, A=1: B=:!: (' = :1:
D=-I: !':=r,: F=6: t:=i.
:1. The L means the twu that ("nllo\\' ;HI' 1111' s.une.
LXY 1I11':ml' x .
.1. Em'h Slall'nll'nl hlIS:; mill ht'llinl' with L. The ·1 symh,.ls
utter L must he clInsidered all two thinl!:l', Io:m'h statement has a " a"
Ihl' third It'lll-r, which must 111' I he sl:nl ,,(" ,h., sl'.'"nd thinl(. Is
H= I<AA: C = KHA: C = KAB: D= KCA'! If KBA mean" B+A. it tit".
fi. Th"I'I' \'"rify our l'nndll,.inllS on -I. The til'l'l 1111':1111' Ii = 1 t:! +:\1.
tlu- las1IIll'alls I I C! I :11 =II I :!) '.:1.
H. Elll'h hal' liw symhols '\1' in -I. They 111"'\1\ I=I\I:!I: :!=I\I:II:
1= l\t:l:.!. Obviouslv :\'1 XY means x - y,
i. These translate N= I-I: N=2-:!: N=:l-:l, N stands li,r
zero. U.
8. These translate 1=011: II=Ot)l: :!sOl:!: 2=0:!1: U=OIl:!:
U= 0211; <I =022, ere. OXY means the product X X Y.
9. These ,·"ril).. the conclusions III' 8, The tirst savs that 6= 1X:?x:l,
thehll't4X(5xGI = (·IXiil x6.
Nm«; So far we have seen two kinds IIfsymbols: digits A through li
and N. and operators L, K, M. and 0, The two digits following the
operator are the operands.
Ill. Trunslates intn ,,= H2:!: :! H21: I H211: ;1- ItII: I - Itlll.
HXY must mean X:. exponentiation. R is another binary operator,
13 UNCLASSIFIED
II. Translates into "I "'·4; :t'= I I 7; :!' X·1; :!' -'.1. \'l'ril\inl:
our previous cunelusions,
'I'ranslates into 4 1-1); a'=:IX:I. Further vNilil·ali"n.
Note: In our culture we use parentheses III Ilwul' as,;III'ialed
terms, nnd as II firsl slep il helps,l'ven tlllluj(h il is not lll'I·I'ssarv.'" pUI
in pureuthese», 'I'll dll Sll uunmhiguously, sturt ut IIII' riuht ;ulIl fl'all
left III t he first operntur symbol; put parent lu-ses ahllnl IIII' "lll'ralllr
and the IWII quuutities til ils right. Hepeat unrll nil pair III' pan'nlhl'';I's
contains more than an operator and two quanrifies.
la. Translates intll ., =2"; .J= I 17; ·J·I·I ""ax:l; .1 I I :1', t lu-re-
rllre.1 -, H.
H. We can only introduce parentheses hy assuming I' is an
IIp!'falur. Sll WI' Ill't I'H·I; 4·- PH:.!; I - 1':1:1; and:1 I'li:!. Thus
I' X V= X ,. Y. division,
II). Assurue l/ is an operator, j(ellinj( 112:1; 1
1
:1.1; 11:,11: ,IliIi;
U7B; U2"a' = l/89. The smaller is tirst in each CIISP; Sll perhaps II XY
means X precedes Yor X< Y.
16. The new character must he an operator, Tr:msnilll'd it lliv1's
usQ: 0=1; Q: 1=3; Q: 1=1+1; Q: O=IXI; 2'=2; q: 2··.:!;
'l: H(I = 1) II =21; QIQ: :1=31; Q: 8< 7.
Clearly Q means "the following statement is raise." Then the next III
the last is read "it is false that :I,c:l." 'll. will be translated ;>!.. '1'111'
second new symbol is not clear, except that it is an IIperalllr whose
IIpcrands art! statements, nut quuntities, a BIIlllean operntur.
NII/": (l is all IIpcratllr with IIl1lyIII1C III11'rallll, unary.
17. I'ullinll in parentheses shows Ihllt S is alslI a unarv IIp!'falllr
IIlleralinll III' stutements. Transcribed they art': S: I -- I: S: I· :!:
S: 2,d II; S: I=IXI; S: 0=1-1; S: UI(ti-" I xui II-li,lill:
S: III (I II 12-- 211. II is II111J:1rl.'IIt Ihnl S 1II1'IIIIS "till' fllllllWill1: slall'-
"","1 is I rue" IIr "il is :,sSt'rled 1hal." The next III Ilu- lasl IIII';sal:l'
shllws lhal IIXV IIIl'aIlS"X implies V" ur"X is a l'III1M'lflll'III'I' ut Y"
IIr mayln- "X is IlIllil'ally equivalent I" Y."
IH. Dur rule rllr parentheses hrenks down unless 'I' is a difh-rr-ru killd
III'sy IIIhol, 'I'h,'lirsl lIIessal(l' shllws thai 'I' IIIlly he a unurv "llI'ralllr 1111
quuntif ies, su Ihat AT or TA is a quantitv, The third IIIl';SIIj!" shll w;
thaI it musl helhefirst.sillceTislast.l'lI11illllill part'lIllll';I'S Ihis wav
Ilives 1'1'= I; 2'1'= 1'1'-1-1; liT= 21'+ :1'1'; :1'I'x :!T; 7'1'-" 7; urr II.
T'must he all t'lIllinj(. On line dij(il it makes 11f' diffr-n-nre. II rruuhiru-s
the IWII dit(ils III III IIIl1keB. Ol:lal nrirhmeu«?
Ill. Trunseribes III 12:1'1'= I XH' /. I:.! XB'·,· :11;
:121'1'=:lXB'1 12xB' II xB");
4!ili7T .., (-1XH' Il)xH', I (liXIl' I 7xH"1.
ell'arly 'I' illllil,ales Ihal "the IncI'I'dillt( diuits 1111'111 all ",'1011
number." I'IIssihly it is 1111 llel,,1 pili lit ; if so, dit(ils "''1''11' alll'r it.
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
";XTIlAn:IlIlI':STIlI AI.
14
1I.1I.I'AMI'AU:NI': UNCLASSIFIED
S"Il" 11"('alISI' "I" IIU' wnv I!WUllill1: is implied, it is sutlicieut III have a
ruurkr-r ut IIII' erul "I" a 1II.lIIhN ill order Iu clearly isolat e it as 3 single
j·/I/il.\·.
:!II. III I I" IIUI on parentheses it appeurs that \' is ulslI all
,-,"linl:. lIul I his ,,1\1' rmnhines wit h hul h qunnt it iI's II hal is. dillils,)
.unl ",,,'ralur. hy I TI':II jill! Valid IIII' pn'j·,'dilll: s."Inh,,1 as
a "ill;:'" unit fur IIU' I illll' being, we I(l'l:
H 1 I A\' implies 7 = AV.
II\'illll'l' ,/i,r " IIt'TI':lfll'r, Hl'lIIl'lIIbt'r that WI' aft' II'" sure uf Iht'
"'liS,· "I i hi-, II - :1" :.!=A\' 11 IUI\'I' ulllilll'd the T,
111'1111'1111",1' I hal II Tis IIi111'1 ;
:1 ,\V =, II = AV';
;, Av ,Ii I I AV,
IlIlh"IIl'XI IIIl'"sall" if WI' l'ulUhilll' the 0 and V int» IlIIl' svmhol tlu-
IIlL'ssa;:" dlll'S not par"" Trv (:OV as UUt' symbol. I(ell illl(
:\ I I nov -, , :! = (:OV;
Ii :.!xSl)\'=,:I=SOV;
:1 1I0V =', II = DeW';
II is 11'111' that AV I I'V = I'V+AV;
II that AV x PV = PV x AV;
lr is un AV f- II'\' t- '1'\', = lAY -1- I'VI I 1'\';
II isass,'rH'dlhal A\' X (1'\" x TV\ = (AV -f P\'I +- '1'\';
1\\' ,. BV, ,AV.- HV", BV AV:
A\· ... BV,I\V"I,.IlV",
TIll' 1II,'aninl! lIf V must he that "the preceding letters 3R a group
han all :Ihsl ra"1 menning, or nre a variable." V is a lilll!' like a word

Not«: ""llilll! in llan'nlh,'s,'s is now compliented bv nnother rule.
Ead. T Ill' V should he pm'kal!,'d wit h pn",,'dinll svmhol», .iusl IIIIW
manv ""III'lIllilll! elll I he pnrsiuu III' IIII' 1II1''Sal:''. Thll"" pn"'l',lilll! 'I' will
all Ill' ThllS(' I'n'l'l,t1illll \' run h" I'XIIl"'l!'t1 III rt'II",'ur as" ;:rolll"
:! I. 1'1111 ill;: pan-nt h,'S!'s in Ih,'s!' is dillicult UIII il we 1I111 in'
llial II\' al'p('ars in enrh. Thev then tmnscrihe into:
II I:! I (jlj)fiV' - I>I>I>V X all = . UVp = DDD\' I
DllI\VI;
11\'II-,J)VIIII-I=IlVI=,!I=DV'I:
IIVII·, HV1111--' II\' 1=. 11= HV- HV';
II is true thut BVIIAV", IIVI:
II is 11'111' Ih"l (J\/IAV <. BVIIHV<. AVI,
lu onh-r til "111111'1"11' the Ilarsill!! we han In assume that llV was a
hinurv opr-rut or, alld in every rase the operands ar!' srutements. II is
d.'ar 'rum Ih., "11:,'hr,, Ih,,1 trV means "or.' The last IIII'SSa!!!' shows
I hal II nu-nns < , nuher Ihan < as I han it ,
15 UNCLASSIFIED
I
22. We notice that TV is used in every message, and pllrlilleis IIIl'
usage of IIV. Assuming TV is a binary Hooleun opemtor, thl' IIIl'ssalll'S
parse,
It is false that TVIAV BVIIBV s AV I:
II is falRe that TVIAV = BV IIAV BV I;
'I'V\AV'=41111
S
AV 1=· AV =2;
AV> IW . IBV s AV \ur \ BV = AV I;
It is true that nul TV e:v BV = . e:v ur BV;
II is true that UV and HV =. TV llV UV;
AV or mv or CV) = IAV or BVI or CV;
TV\AV'I'V\BVCVI\ = 'l'V\\TV AV BV!CVI;
TVIAVIBVurGVl1 = TVIAVBVlurTVIAVCVI;
AV urTV IBV CV I = TVIAV or BV IIAV ur CV I.
It is apparent that TV means "01U1." Nulil'e thnt I. is uSI't1lwn'
Itl lIIean "ltll:ically equivalent 10," although I have
wrilten II =II.
Nu/I': II is used here for <. not s .
her Ihere is n mist ake, or Ihe USOlle varies.
2:1. The porsinl: fullers until we realize that .JNV occurs in 1'llC'h
and is IIruhnhly a word. BAV and CAY alsn occur in l'adl
message. They I ranscrihe into:
.JNV IBAV or CAVI RAV;
.INV BAV \BAV our! CAY I;
.INV I BAV or CAV IIBAV and CAY I;
.INV BAV CAY =. BAV = OlAV or CAVI;
.JNV BAV CAY = . CAY = (BAV and CAVI.
TIll' lasllwu "uudusiuns IIHlk like HcI theurv slalt'ml'nts..IN\' parSl's
like II hinary operalor .•1NV X Y could mean" X cnnt ains Y" in I he Het
theory sense, Then if IIV is "or" in the sci Illl'ury sense, till' lInitlu. and
TV is "nml" in the scI theory Hense, the iulurseej ion, IIIl' stall'III1'uis
llhuve "an he rewritten:
BAV U CAY BAV
BAV:J BAV n CAY
BAV U CAY -) BAV" CAY
BAV:J CAV =. BAV = IHAV LJ CAV,
BAV:J CAY =. CAY = (HAV () CAVl.
24. NKV IUllks like a binary operator Ill' whidl at Il'asl Ihl' tirst
UPNIIIUI is a quant it y .•IAV is uniformly the sccund 1I!'I·rallll. I-'flllII :l;l
ubuve we are nlert lu sel. t henry sl al ement s. Cunld il he Ihal NI\.V says
somet hing is a mernher uf smile sci'! Try u. They become
It.JAV; 2t.JAV; :It.JAV; 4t.JAV; 5tJAV; 6t.IAV; 71.IAV; III.JAV;
12t.JAV; AVtJAV =. AV+ It.JAV.
.JAV is the flel of positive integers! It Iils!
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED

Hi
UNCLASSIFIED
:!:,. Tlu-se parse illl u:
II :lIId:!h .JAV;
III alld :.!lllud :11. ,IAV;
(I., ami 1/11 .IAV:
Hii 1111I1 IlHIl aml lillie .IAV;
II\V ") NI\I\') '"uIIBV ') NI\IVI =, IA\' lind B\', NI\I\':
II,",AV:
II/,IAV: II',.II\V: II'/.IAV; S',,'A\'; 8"t,IAV; 8"',JA\'; 8""',,1:\\':
I'l""'''/.IA\': BV"IAV =. RHlt,IAV;
I B\' alld eVI/.IA\, , liV·1 CV,.IAV;
ruv,"uleVIt.IA\' =, IWXCV"JAV;
mv ,lIIdl·:VIe.I:\ V = . liV"""IAV;
1.':!l·IA\'; I . :!,.IAV: lI-a,.IAV; illil.IA\·,
'I'hi, \wili,', dUllhl Ihe j:Ut'ss uf 24,
:!li. TIII'r!' is a IIC", w"rd, .iov. The Ull'l'.<aI(Cli read JA Vt,IO\':
II 1,.lll\'; II·. BV,.IAV =. BV,.IOV;
I f:!"J(IV: AV aud BV/.IOV =, AV- BV/.IOV:
IAV and BV in·llIV, and II ;0' BV =, AV .;- BV in.llI\':
I .; 't'nul in.IA \': I : IInlll in,IOV;
II is true thai IAV .;- BV) X ICV .;- nV) = IAV X n',
(BV X DVI;
It is true thnt A\' X IlV....: BV X CV =. AV.;- B\' .... rv :
IIV, BV x nv ;o<1l;
AV"IA\' .11 I <, AV.
.11IV is ,,'/'n In hi' Ihe 1il'1l1 hy .IAV, iu ul her wllrds. lIlt' Sl'1
III ratiuual numlx-rs, TIll' next III thl' I,ISI IllIs a all
ext r;uu'llus 1\.
:!'i. This t rans.-rihl's Ill:
IA\' . BVI allllllW =. AVI HV.AV.B\',
l'I,'ad,' II V UII'iII" "loeivully equivalent." IIr .... ". ..
I/\\', . BV) IAV =. BVI i11I1IIBV =. AVI
fAY .. . BVI . =, IAV =. BV) and HW =. AVI.
:!/'I. Th,·sl' I runsrritu- til
<;\i.' .. :\·,..«;V not ill.IOV;
fiv'- :! .... (:V 11111 in.IOV;
IT\i' !l " . l:V not in JOV;
(l\" f. - • (:V in.IEV;
.11IV is ill .II':V;
.IAV is ill .II.;\';
(;V' = 11·- I =. nv1101 in JEV.
W" han' a IIl'W 5l'I, contalning the rationals, and at least one
inal jUllal. hul nut the imagmery v=t. JEV is probahly the real
III II uhl'fs.
17 UNCLASSIFIED
UNClASSifiED
(I
29. These I rauscrihe In
1 '1.'" in .IIW; '_..:1" I in .IIlV;
I f" ill.IIlV; I NV'" ill.mV;
NLV.IIIV .• I NLV is CllII' worrl. AlIlIlIll'r pllssihl"
parsillJ: is LV/.mV. " = til
III ill .ICV; 1/2 in .ICV; 1/:1 in .ICV; 1/ NV ill .IeV; N LV .n.v
I) IlIr LV /.11 01 ." O. BUI till' IWII t'Xallll,lt,s su\:\:t's\ Ihal
NLV menus "a limil uf." If NV is 111I iull'\:N this lils

(I 1/21' ill .IBV; (1- 1/:1)' in .ruv.
1/4)' ill.JBV; (I !..)."'" ill .IIlV'
8
11111
'
, I )/11'
(1-. NV ill.JBV; NLV ,JBVill,II·:V.
If NLV means limit. then ,IgV conrain« the number e, II
veritlcat ion nf nur lIue!'.!; I hal .II·;V munetl tilt' real IIIl1nht·rs.
TIll! lasl Iwn lessons ·:llIlulIl:1I were nlll published with IIIl'
tirst twenty-nlne because it made an exercise.
:10. The later messages nf this KrllUP hove Ihe mysteriou» sequences
ABCIl, ARCIlE, DEFt;, etc, each cndinK with HTV. II' we hlllll·h these
each as a unil,the messages parse. They then SIIY .INV I naturul num-
her; .INV 2 natural numher; .INV :I natural number: .IN\' 1'J.:1 STY
natural number: conjecture STY means "the is a St" lllr
sequencer," and .INV means "helflllKs IfI." There is duuht lIhllul t he
Jailer, since we thought enrlier that it meant "eoutuius": A\' 11l'1"II\:s
In '0' • AV is 1\ natural number: = ,15 a" sets:
alU145li7 = 12:141i67 us sets,
:11. This Ilisl KrullP is III' impressive 11I111: IIil lid". ·11 nll'ssa,:,'s, III'
which Ilw Ihirli,'lh is tluih' 111111:. !'ursilll: is "asl,1I tlw purulle] 1'1I11-
sl ruct ion uf I he lIIeSSUl:es, They I rnnscribe til:
·IHAV helullKs III elfAV; .JllIIV hellllll:s III eUAV; .1 HI ; \' 11I'1<'"l:s III
CIIAV; the sci .!HAV, .!HHV, .!HCV••!HIlV, .nuev, ,JHF\' ..IIH;\,
hdllllJ:S III ClfAV; [Since all the dil:ils appear ill these t:Wllps, mavhe
I hey are used like subscripts ami should he read .IH,.•1It" I'h' .1; .10,
hl'llIn!:s III eUAV; .111,. lIellllll:s III CI·IAV; .10" helllnt:s 1III'IIA\'; the
s,'1 .10" .10-.. , .111" .10" .11l·" .11l,., .111;, .10,,,, .111", .111", ,10". .10",
.10"" .111"., .10", .10,,,, .111,,, .10" hellllll:s III eIIAV; I)", alii I II, '.
22.10, helllnKs III CIIAV IThis 11111' 11I11111 he parsed wrulll: IIr I:arhlt'd I;
ilL, hl'1l1l1t:S III ,IR,; HI., !Ielllnlls III .IH,; Bl., hdlllll:s I" ,II{.; Ill.,
1II'IIIIII\s III ,IR.; HI" s hcllllll:s III .1It.;
AV..,:llIlId 12?AV .. HLII·h"IIInl:slll.JI!,;
'., 111.,,· hr.IIIlIl:s III.JH,;
AV -: :.!:l and 4·1 e: AV ' . m.\\ hdlllll:"'" .IH,;
UNCLASSifiED 11\
II. II. UNCLASSIFIED
,\ \ •. ·1;, alllll;l; . A\,· , .. Ill. \, hl'llIlIllS lo.m·.;
A\,' Ii, aml I :.!li .» A\'· . Ill. II" 1II'I01Ills Ie••IIL:
,\\' • I:!, uml I·I:.!:- AV .. ' . Ill. 1\ to.m,;
'1'111' s"1 ilL,. ilL •. 111.". 111.,., ilL, .. HI..;;. ilL", hl'lllllils111.'0,:
'1'111' s,·t 111. -, Hl. .. 111.". ilL, .. Ill.,.,. HL;... HL"..IIl·IIIIII(S 10.10,:
Tlu- s"1 Ill. .. 111., .. Ill .. ., Ill ..". Ill.,·, hl'llllills10.10,;
'1'111' sr-t Ill... alllllll.,..11IIcl1\L,,, alld ilL.., ami BL". helonlls 10.10,;
TllI's,'( 1\1. . ilL, . liLli, Ill ..... ilL". 1ll'IIlIIIlS 10.10:,;
'1'111' s"l ilL, ..". ilL.',.. 111.". ilL.;.. BL", helongs III JO., 1IIIIIe a Ilarhll'
hcn-. all N is rt'II,'all'cll:
Th« s,·t 111.", BL.•..: Bl.". BL..·.. IlL,,·.IIl·llInIlS 111.10,;
Th,' s,'1 IIL,:;,'IU.,;, HI.". ilL.•.. ilL". hclllllils10.IU,,,;
The set 111..'.; nt.,'. iu.; 1'1.". 1'1.;0. HL:.. HL;:.. HL;••. HL::, HI.,,,,,.
ilL,,,.. IlL,i." 1'1.,,,,. ilL, .... IH.,..·.. ilL,,,,.. HL,..;, HL,". ilL, ". HI., ,'.
ilL",. 111.,,'.. ilL, ".. Ill., ". HL".., HL",. HL", belongs to .JO,,;
IIL,..aml ilL·... :lIld IlL".. 10.'0,,;
'I'll\' ",'1 1\1.". HI,·.,. BL", "('(nllils 10.10",:
Tlll's,'l I\L,,,;lltr. :. 1Il'IIIIlilS to.IO,,;
TIll' S"I IlL,,;Hl.. HI.", 1II'IIIIIIlS In,IO,.;
'1'111' s,'l BL". fit:.:: iii.,,,helclIIllS 10.10,.;
The st'l ilL", Ill.·..; 1\1.,,·. IIl'1l1l1l(s to,IO,,;
'I'hl's,'1 111. ... m.·,,,. ilL"" 11I,lnnl(s 10.10,,,;
The s"t HI..·.• ilL.:, BL,,; belongs to .10,,;
'1'111' sl'l ilL"., IiI...". HL"" h"ltllll(s10JO,,;
ellA\' h"'"l1lls10 K5I'V.
'1'111' 1runscriptiou h-aves a Jol 10 he resolved. There are several words
II", IlII'allilllls nl' whieh ure yet In be determined. The word CHAV (or
I'll 01 S""lIIS til h(' "1'111 rul, There are S('\'1'1I words .lIt. and "il!hh"'11
wllrels .111 .. lIlIcll'a.·h III' 1I1I'st, 1II'IIIIIIls III ('II AV. There nre !Ill wllrcls Ill."
I'ad. III whid. "",'ms III1,,·I'"11l til a IIl1iIIU(' .10,. I)IlI'S each also h,·11I1I1l III 1\
uniqur- .m.'! With Ihis hint we can siraillhten out the I(arbll'd message
ubnve; it n'mls "II « AV 111111 AV<22 =. JO ,,' belongs 10 ellAV";
1lu-n- was iI V omit .. ·//' I nlsn able III reparse six olher messages, I
will 11111 hon- yuu with the details, since the list above has b(','11
(·lIrrl'I·II·cI.
Silll'l' (':I('h Bl., hl'lllllilsIUIIIII' .IH.lIl1d.10.. these ('1111 hp displayed ill
n uuurix
ru, .m, .m•
,\H. .lIt• .IH. .lIt
•10, BI., BI ..
BI." HI." BL", HI..t HL,,:
.10.
BI.·
HI.,
111." B1'!I
BL,,,
HL".
81,'111
.111, BL.. BI., .. BI•.&:
B1." BI.",
.10. III", HI.",
m.
on
B1 .."
BI.",
.10. m..
ilL" ilL"
HI....
ilL",
.10.,
Ill.",
BL,,,
iiI."
HI... HL",
19
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
•10; 81",
RI."
81... BI.... HI.",.
JO,,,
81." 81."
81... B.....
81."•
--
..........
--
.10"
r
25 47 71 72 7:1 74 75 71i 77
IUU 1111 1112 11I:1 104 1115 lUll 1117
1:11 1:12 1:1:1 1:14 1:15 1:lli 1:17
140 141 142
.10"
ilL..
Bk."
HI.""
.10"
BI...
81." HI.",
.10.. BL:1II
81."
BI....
.10".
BL"
HI.,.,
HI.",
•10,. HI...
HI.".
•10"
HL., Rk.• HI.",
.10", 81... 81...
BI.".
,10" BL:.. HI••; Hl.",
JO•• BL.. BL.n
HI.""
Rememher lhat these are nllt decimal numbers. There iR IInly line (,ell
with more than one entry, and the subscripts in if in decimal nllialinn
are 21, :19, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65,66,67, GH, 6!I, 711, 71, H!l, !ltl,
91,92,9:1,94,95,96,97,98. The larger part or the enlries i!< syslem-
alically distributed in the first eight rows. This SUKllcsls Ibe Ilerilldic
table IIr the chemical elemenls! On cllnsnltinll a table we lind, sure
enllullh, lhal elemenls 57 lhroullh 71 are rare earths, and lire lumlled
into one cell. Slime, hut not all, authorities alsll lilllll!llhfflnllh 10:1 OR
rare .'llrlhs. ":hmlenl!l21 and:1!I are !oM:llndillln lind Yllrillln.
CllAV must mean the lIeriodic tohie.•lIt, means columu x, and .10.
means fflW y. HI.. means element Z. The meoninJ!: IIr KSI'V is nlll
known, ncellt that it is a generalizalion III' "llCriodie Iahle." 11 lIIay
merely mean loble, IIrscientilic fuet, or nniversity subject.
I.llllkinil back liver the exercise we see we hove penetrated the
meaning or the basic symhols, and even more unportant, have learned
slime or the syntax rules or the notation, and have caughl mistakell in
the process. We have a rewwords ror sophisticated concepts, and, lliven
more data, with a little labor we could eslahlish ils honslalilln.
The concepts used here are the basic lines Ill" number, sets, 1II1t1
physical constuuts which any cultures mus! share. Hllw hi7.Aue the
sylltliXand values of II culture clluld he I cannot eonjecture, bUI lilly
civilizations callable or IiCndinll a message uerosa space musl bave many
thinlls in cllmmon.
UNCLASSIFIED 2U
II.
AI'I'ENmx
UNCLASSIFIED
it lWril'H ul" rallin lIIeHsRlles was heard l'olllinll from outer
spal"l', Tin' Imnslllissiun was nnl centiuueus, bUI cuI by pauses inlu
pil'l'l'S whirh ....uld hI' taken all units, fur Ihey Wl'fl' repeated over :11111
U\'I'r '1'111' II:\III\I.'S show here RS punetuatinn. The VilrillUS combi-
nOli iUIIs hOI\"!' heen represented by lellers or the alphabet, sn that the
can.he written down, Each message except the lirst is gin'n
hl'f(' unly unl'e. The serial number or the message has been SUPIIlied fur
I'm'h rl'h'f('I\l'e,
AII"IH';11.1KI.MNOI'\II1STIIV
AIII:IIU(;11.1 KIJlNOI'QIISl'lIV
AIII:IIEH;IIJKI.IINOI'QM eI c
2 AA. H AAA.C. AAAA.Il. AAAAA.E. AAAAAA.F. AAAAAAA.C
.I I.AA. 1.1I11 .. IJ:C. 1.110. LEE, U'F, LCC
4 I.BKAA. I.I:KIIA. I.CKAII, LDKCA. I.IlKIIB. IJ)KAC: I.EKDA.
U:Kl:II, •,t:KIIl:. I.I::KAIJ. Lt'KEA. I.FKDB, LFKCC, LFKBD.
I.t·KAt: - .
t> !.t·KCKIIA. U:KAKBD. LCKCKAC. LKAKBCKKABC
I> I,AMIIA. 1.1I11l:A. I.AIICB, LCIIllA. LIIMIJB, LAIIDC LDllEA.
1.1:111'11. Lllllt:C. I.AIIED
• !.NMAA, I.NIlIlIl. LNIICC. LNIWn. LNIlEE. I.NII...·. LNIIGIl
II I.AlJU. I.NONA. I.IIOAB, LIIOBA, LNONB. LNOIIN. LIXIBB;
I.1IllAII. U'OIlC
'I I.rUAIlII\: .. U·OCOBA. LrOIlOCA; LOool't'OOOEt·
III 1.11111111 1.III1I1A. I.AIIIIN. IXIICA. I.AIICN
II I.lIlIcKIQJ. I.III1CKAG. I.IIII';OHU, LRBOO
1:' I.IICIIKllt:. ,1.HCIIOCC
\.\ 1.11111" .••IKA(;. ·I.K.JAOl:C. LK.IARCII
\01 1.111'.111, I.IJI'.III. LAI'CC. I.CI't·1I
15 UAH, UBC; UCO; UF.I; UFJ; UCJ: URBCRCB .
16 QI.NA; QUC; QI..AKAA; QLNOAA; QLRBBB: QUB8; QHLAAUB;
QQLCC: QWG.
17 SUA; SUAB; SLBKAA; SUOAA; SLNIIAA; SHLFOAFUPFF; SHUALBB
18 LATA, LBTKATA; lEI'KBTCT; LFTOCTBT; J.GT(l; UNTJ.
19 I.ABCTKOAlUIIKOBRJAC;
LCBATKOCRJBKOBRJAOARJN;
LOEfCTKKOURJCOERJBKOFRJAOGRJN;
zu
ItI IntlraU.1I1V
IIIUI/l U1MAVB
11110:1\;1 HUV
1111 ......11\11 111:1111 .
tnf
1tI.l:I"IVI.AAnIlIlJY"
:i!..KAIiI'''KI'¥AV
aOavnOf"fiV.
SLUVlrvnun,vtv .
Sf"O&VO,VSVOQ&V,ySV.
HqUV.VQI.IA\·."••vav
tIQI.AV.' AV.'...V'"
I HI.NIIi I'IOII1JOVCUVUlJllDVLllllJDV

,
21 UNCLASSIFIED
J
UNCLASSIFIED ";XTHA'!''';llJl&o;'/'J(IAI.
SUVLAYBVQLUIV.
$Uyun.VUlVAI
22 QnuAV.,U1WAV .
QTVI.AYBVQLarBV.
trtYI.RAYBfUlAVI.AVB.
MQU"""VUV'''UVllnV.
atQTVCYHYUYQCYQHV.
SIIQlJ'tGVII¥TVll';YQIIY
I.uV'VUVBVr:VU'UVJ.V.VCV.
LTVAVTVIIV(:nn YAVllY(:V.
Ltv... 'I'.Vt:VUVTva......1VAYI:V.
LUVjVT\f8VCYTVI'UVHVllvj.Vr:v
;t;J .
JHY8AYTVlAYCAY .
JNVUVIAYCAYTV8J;VCAV.
U.JHVHAyr:AVI.IU,VIIVflAVtU.
RIH".havt:AV\.I:n1VRnUY.
IITY.'.YhAVc:AV.lNVCAV8AVI.IAVCAV.
ILlJlVII,t,VI:IVJN,qc:AVQIt'V,
SlITY.INYHAVCAV.JNVCAVUAV.INVBlVUlV
:;04 NKY,U",
NKVtLIAV.
IIKVCJAV.
IK'llIAV.
IIKVIo:JAY.
NKVfJAV
NKYGJAV.
• tlYAaT,JAV.
NKYAISTJn.
IINlnilV.1AVNKVKUAJAV
K....n.B.lAV.
NK'TYnnC.IAV.
NKVfvAIJ'IAt;TJAV.
NKytVTYCCTAIlNTIJIATJAV.
HTVJNYAVNIVJNYBVNIIVJHYTVAYIYNIIV.
NIlV•. IAV.
NKVJJA" •
NRVtuaIIY.
NKVR.IC.u.V.
IIK,,·tlJILIAV.
NK""R.IJ.JAV.
NKVltllNT.IAV.
NK'N-IANIT.JAY
NlCVK.'AHNNT.lAV
HNXVllv.JAYNk'lK.'8v IlII

HNKVTVlveV.1 AVHtIi'·lJIY\"v.I AV
HHKVTVIV(,'UAVNKYflIVC¥JAV .
qaVf'AIJIV ,
QIIICVIA&IAV.
_'_CJAY.
QNlYPCt·JAV
26 HIIUA'UQV.
"""A,JUY.
._Y...BV.I&VIUl.V"V.IUV.
III"'''...,OV .
...KnvlVIIV.IDVNlCV.... yRVJUY.
HTYHKVTVAVIVJUVQlJlIIYNIf,VI'l"aVJov.
QHICYPAN.IAV .
• YPIN.IOY.
SUIf'AVllyt>I:VIIVI'UAvnUHvn"
tullOavUrullVCVl!I'UIIVl'ACYUV . QLOIVUVN
"'IIYAY.IAYUIINAAY.
'2" HTVIIAVIIVU'U''''lt'fAvaV,
II,VAYIIYtvllAVHYllIIYAV
HYH'f'AVBVTVItAVBVtUlV1V
2& Hl.RCYl1CQNIIVCVJOV.
tUGV8BqNKYGYJQY
M...CVIEQIIIVCVJOv.
Hl.JU:VIEII."CYJEV,
IIIVJO'JEY.
IiIIY,rAVJE, •
HUlG'HllNAGNKVCVJE.V
29 1lJU'IWIBllNAJIV,
N.VIWICIDILJIV .
lIk'lllMDllNA.lIV,
IIIV1WU1V1D1lJB'
UlLYJIVI.
"""'UJCV.
Nnr.Bo'CV.
NIIYPACJCV.
NllnANVJCV.
LNLVJCVN
lIKywuu.nl$llv.
NKVRII'''AL''C'JHV.
NKYHIlAPAW-IIlV.
IIKVRI".MJAHNTIIJANIITJIV.
NkVHIIAf'lHVNVJIV.
NKYIfLYJIVJEV.
30. JNVAJAV;
JNVBJAV;
.INVCJAV;
JNVABCSTVJAV;
HJNVAVABCDSTVJNVAVJAV;
I.UVABGIJESTVD£FGSTVDESTV :
LTVABCDESTVDEFGsrVABCDEFGSTV ;
31. JNVJRAVCHAV:
JNV,JRBVCHAV;
JNVJRGVCHAV:
JNVJRAVJRBVJRCVJRDVJREVJRFVJRGVSTVCIIAV.
,INVJOAVCHAV:
JNV.JOBVCHAV;
JNVJ08BVCUAV;
.-
UNCLASSIFIED 22
It
UNCLASSIFIED
INV.IOA\'.I08V.lUCV,IODVJOEVJOrV,IOGV
.IUAlIV.IOAAV.JOABV.JOACVJOADVJOAEV.JOArvJOAGV
.IOIltlV.I08AV.JOB8VSTvrHAV.
lI'rVIIIlAVLJAVIl8T.1NVJOAVVCHAV:
.IIIVBI.AV.,I\AV .
.IIlVBlIIV.II\AV
1111"1'1.1";.11,1<\'
.IlI';l\I.IIV.II\IIV
IIlVIII.AIIV,IRBV.
11'.'HIjIIAVCIIIIAIITA\'.IIIVBI.A\'I".IKI\\· .
II\"TVQIIAVACTQII81l'r AV.INVBI.A\'1" IRl'\'
IIVTVQllAVIlCTQIIDIlTAV,INVBI.AVV.JI\IlV .
.
IIVTVQIIAVF'GTQIIAIWTAV.INV81.AVV,'l\rv.
lIVTVQIIAVABI:TQIIAIl8TAV.JNV81.AVV,IRGV:
.INVlll.AVIlI.rVIII.ACVIlI.IlCVBLDEVIlI.n;V
BI:oA.HCVSTV.JOAV .
.INVRI'.8VBLllVIlI.ADVBI.BDVBLDF'V
BIr.iIV8I.ACtwSTVJ08V:
.ItiYlll.F.V81.AF.V8LCGV81.F'AVBI.A8AVSTV.JOCV .
:.JN1I'rVTVTVTVIILF'VBL.AF'VBLllNVBLF'BVBLABBVSTV,IODV.
·,INVIij.GV1lL.AGVBI.llAVBI.F'CV81.ABCVSTV.IOEV.
.
,iIIV8i.AAYBI.8AV8I.DCVIlI.F'EV81.A8F.VSTVJOGV:
.. 1N'I81.A8VSI.BBVBl.DDVBLF'F'VBI.ABF'VSTV.I OANV .
,IIlVIlI,IlF.V81.l>GVBI.GAVBI.GBVBI.GCVBLGDV
IlU;r.V8I.GF'VIlI.GI:VIII.ANNV8LANAV81.AN8VBI.ANCV
III.AllOVIlI.ANEVIlI.AtWV8L.ANGVBLACAVBLACBV
BI.ACCV81.ACllV8I.ACEV81.ACFV8I.ACGV8I.ADNV
IlI.AllAVRI.AllIlVSTV.IOAAV;
.INVTVTVBLBH8I.ENV8I.AANV.JOA8V.
,ItIV8I.Br,V8I.EAV8I.AAAVSTV.JOACV:
,INV8I.CNVBLE8V8I.AA8VSTVJOA[lV .
.ltlVIlI.CAVIlI.ECVB1.AACVSTV,JOAEV:
.IIlVBI.CBV8I.EllV81.AAIlVSTV,JOAFV .
. .
.INVBI.CllVBI.F.FV81.AAF'VSTVJOBNV:
,IIlVIlI.t'F:VIlIEGVRI.AAI:VSTV.J08AV·
.INVIlI.CF·VBI.F'NVBLAIlNVSTVJ08BV:
,JNVCIIAVKSPV
23 UNCLASSIFIED

unary.. nnd as II firsl slep il helps. (-1XH' Il)xH'. H. 7'1'-" 7.PH:. division.lasl IIII'.ales Ihal "the IncI'I'dillt( diuits 1111'111 all ".1. 'I'h. S: I=IXI.XTIlAn:IlIlI':STIlI AI. if so. T'must he all t'lIllinj(. 4·. a BIIlllean operntur. 'I'll dll Sll uunmhiguously.'lirsl lIIessal(l' shllws thai 'I' IIIlly he a unurv "llI'ralllr 1111 quuntif ies.. On line dij(il it makes 11f' diffr-n-nre.ulIl fl'all left III t he first operntur symbol. Clearly Q means "the following statement is raise. a'=:IX:I. 17. Translates intll . I:.>!. QIQ: :1=31. 11:.1. I~.sillceTislast.I: S: I· :!: S: 2.!. Ol:lal nrirhmeu«? Ill. :!' ~:! X ·1. will be translated .11: .'IIt Ihnl S 1II1'IIIIS "till' fllllllWill1: slall'"". 16.l'ven tlllluj(h il is not lll'I·I'ssarv. =2".1 -.. The smaller is tirst in each CIISP. Q: O=IXI. 4!ili7T . ."1 is I rue" IIr "il is :.SIIj!" shll w. j(ellinj( 'JI~. Q: 1=1+1. H. 'I'ranslates into :I'~ 4 1-1). and:1 I'li:!. I . Y. We can only introduce parentheses hy assuming I' is an IIp!'falur. UNCLASSIFIED 14 . sturt ut IIII' riuht . 112:1.. dit(ils 1I1:1~' "''1' 11' alll'r it. Assurue l/ is an operator. la."X is IlIllil'ally equivalent I" Y. put parent lu-ses ahllnl IIII' "lll'ralllr and the IWII quuutities til ils right. U2"a' = l/89. Tr:msnilll'd it lliv1's usQ: 0=1. Sll perhaps II XY means X precedes Y or X < Y.IliIi.'1011 number.. Further vNilil·ali"n.sSt'rled 1hal. q: 2··. Trunseribes III 12:1'1'= I X H' /. Note: In our culture we use parentheses III Ilwul' dllsl'I~' as. ell'arly 'I' illllil. nut quuntities. liT = 21'+ :1'1'. :121'1'=:lXB'1 12xB' II xB")." The next III I lu." Then the next III the last is read "it is false that :I. su Ihat AT or TA is a quantitv. 'l: H(I = 1) II =21. .. NII/": (l is all IIpcratllr with IIl1lyIII1C III11'rallll. II." I'IIssihly it is 1111 llel." 'll.· :11. Transcribed they art': S: I -.! X B'·.1 pili lit . Thus I' X V = X . II). :t' = I I 7. Q: 1=3. Translates into ~. thaI it musl helhefirst. II rruuhiru-s the IWII dit(ils III III IIIl1keB. 11 . 2'1'= 1'1'-1-1. The third IIIl'. :1 U7B. I (liXIl' I 7xH"1.d II. urr II.' "I "'·4.sal:l' shllws lhal IIXV IIIl'aIlS"X implies V" ur"X is a l'III1M'lflll'III'I' ut Y" IIr mayln. II is II111J:1rl. S: UI(ti-" I xui II-li.1':1:1.UNCLASSIFIED ". Q: 8< 7. '1'111' second new symbol is not clear.211. (~: 2'=2.'" pUI in pureuthese». 6T~: :1'I'x :!T. :!' -'. except that it is an IIperalllr whose IIpcrands art! statements. Dur rule rllr parentheses hrenks down unless 'I' is a difh-rr-ru killd III'sy IIIhol.. I'ullinll in parentheses shows Ihllt S is alslI a unarv IIp!'falllr IIlleralinll III' stutements. Hepeat unrll nil pair III' pan'nlhl''. Sll WI' Ill't ~ I'H·I.l'lI11illllill part'lIllll'. t lu-rerllre.I's contains more than an operator and two quanrifies.:!.1 I I :1'.lill: S: III (I II 12-.c:l. \'l'ril\inl: our previous cunelusions.J= I 17." IH.I'S Ihis wav Ilives 1'1'= I. S: 0=1-1. The new character (~ must he an operator. ·J·I·I ""ax:l.III'ialed terms.

!=A\' 11 IUI\'I' ulllilll'd the T. T Ill' V should he pm'kal!.!xSl)\'=. dillils.'ralur. IIVI: II is 11'111' Ih"l (J\/IAV <.. . :!II.: pan-nt h.." V is a lilll!' like a word ~p:U·llr.'hr. II is:lllIUllIllI~Y that AV x PV = PV x AV. II = AV'.. we I(l'l: H 1 I A\' implies 7 = AV.IlV". II is d. lIul I his ..'1'\'. :! = (:OV.r " IIt'TI':lfll'r. :1 .II'\' t. 1'1111 ill. . BV AV: A\· .. Av . 111'1111'1111"..I\V"I.\V =.."Inh. HV 1111--' II\' 1=.:I=SOV. Ead.I>I>I>V X all = .'d wit h pn"."linl:. .'dilll: s.' The last IIII'SSa!!!' shows I hal II nu-nns < . BVIIHV <.'dinll svmhol».lilll! 'I' will all Ill' c1il~ils.HV". it is sutlicieut III have a ruurkr-r ut IIII' erul "I" a 1II. BV. lu onh-r til "111111'1"11' the Ilarsill!! we han In assume that llV was a hinurv opr-rut or. I(ell illl( :.) . 15 UNCLASSIFIED I .DllI\VI.t1illll \' run h" I'XIIl"'l!'t1 III rt'II"./i..1I.HV'.lIIhN ill order Iu clearly isolat e it as 3 single j·/I/il. BV. II is 11'111' that AV I I'V = I'V + AV. alld in every rase the operands ar!' srutements.'aninl! lIf V must he that "the preceding letters 3R a group han all :Ihsl ra"1 menning. 1\\' .'S!'s in I h. ThllS(' I'n'l'l.Ii I I AV.unl ".1' I hal II Tis IIi111'1 .:'" unit fur IIU' I illll' being.:rolll" :! I. :\ Ii I I nov -.'s!' IIlI'ssal(l'~ is dillicult UIII il we 1I111 in' llial II\' al'p('ars in enrh. Not«: ""llilll! in llan'nlh. Thev then tmnscrihe into: II I:! I (jlj)fiV' . III I r~'illll I" IIUI on parentheses it appeurs that \' is ulslI all . Ih.'ur as" .. Thll"" pn"'l'.1 as a "ill.1\1' rmnhines wit h hul h qunnt it iI's II hal is.'ar 'rum Ih. AV I.· "I i hi-...-.:1" :.i~~II. 11= HV..'s. TIll' 1II.AV. :1 1I0V ='. nuher I han < as I han it . UVp = DDD\' I I:!~.1 trV means "or. II is true thut IIVIAV-~ BVIIAV".'rH'dlhal A\' X (1'\" x TV\ = (AV -f P\'I +. "11:. II . Hl'lIIl'lIIbt'r that WI' aft' II'" sure uf Iht' "'liS..'s is now compliented bv nnother rule.I'VI I 1'\'. II\'illll'l' .:" dlll'S not par"" Trv (:OV as UUt' symbol. II = DeW'..I'AMI'AU:NI': UNCLASSIFIED S"Il" 11"('alISI' "I" IIU'wnv I!WUllill1: is implied.!I=DV'I: IIVII·. II isass. = lAY -1. or nre a variable.'1'\'. lr is un ielt'lIlil~'llml AV f. .1I.iusl IIIIW manv ""III'lIllilll! elll I he pnrsiuu III' IIII' 1II1''Sal:''.J)VIIII-I=IlVI=. . Tr:IIISl'rihill~ hy I TI':II jill! Valid IIII' pn'j·. IlIlh"IIl'XI IIIl'"sall" if WI' l'ulUhilll' the 0 and V int» IlIIl' svmhol tluIIlL'ssa.\·. 11\'II-.

12t.IN\' parSl's like II hinary operalor . V says somet hing is a mernher uf smile sci'! Try u. IIIl' stall'III1'uis llhuve "an he rewritten: BAV U CAY ~) BAV BAV:J BAV n CAY BAV U CAY -) BAV" CAY BAV:J CAV =." Nulil'e thnt I. It is false that TVIAV ~ BV IIBV s AV I: II is falRe that TVIAV = BV IIAV ~ BV I.. 71. TV\AV'I'V\BVCVI\ = 'l'V\\TV AV BV!CVI. It is apparent that TV means "01U1. I-'flllII :l. They become It.JAV. It is true that nul TV e:v BV = .l ubuve we are nlert lu sel. BAV = OlAV or CAVI. I~il her Ihere is n mist ake. and TV is "nml" in the scI theory Hense.JNV IBAV or CAVI RAV.INV I BAV or CAV IIBAV and CAY I. and pllrlilleis IIIl' usage of IIV.IAV. e:v ur BV. I BV s AV \ur \ BV = AV I.JNV occurs in 1'llC'h mes. NKV IUllks like a binary operator Ill' whidl at Il'asl Ihl' tirst UPNIIIUI is a quant it y . 'I'V\AV'=41111 S AV 1=· AV =2. III. . 2t. BAV and CAY alsn occur in l'adl message.INV BAV CAY =. . or I he USOlle varies.JAV.JNV BAV CAY = . 24. TIll' lasllwu "uudusiuns IIHlk like HcI theurv slalt'ml'nts. TVIAVIBVurGVl1 = TVIAVBVlurTVIAVCVI. Then if IIV is "or" in the sci Illl'ury sense.JAV. TV llV UV. . AV+ It. AV urTV IBV CV I = TVIAV or BV IIAV ur CV I. is uSI't1lwn' Itl lIIean "ltll:ically equivalent 10. We notice that TV is used in every message. . till' lInitlu.:s-t'IUAI.JAV. the iulurseej ion.• 1 V X Y could mean" X cnnt ains Y" in I he Het N theory sense.UNCLASSIFIED ~:XTIlAn:lm. CAY = (BAV and CAVI. 2:1.•IAV is uniformly the sccund 1I!'I·rallll. 6t. Cunld il he I hal N I\. :It. Assuming TV is a binary Hooleun opemtor. 22. BAV = IHAV LJ CAV. AV or or CV) = IAV or BVI or CV.INV BAV \BAV our! CAY I.JAV . . thl' IIIl'ssalll'S parse. AVtJAV =. 5tJAV. and is IIruhnhly a word.JAV is the flel of positive integers! It Iils! mv II UNCLASSIFIED Hi .~age." although I have wrilten = I I . t henry sl al ement s. They I ranscrihe into: . The porsinl: fullers until we realize that .JAV. AV> IW ~-.JAV.IAV. II is true that UV and HV =. 4t. Nu/I': II is used here for <. not s . BAV:J CAY =. . CAY = (HAV () CAVl.

IAV.11IV is . 1. RHlt.IAV =...11 I <.IA\..IAV.. BVI allllllW =. BVI i11I1IIBV =. (I.. This t rans.. rv : IIV. (l\" f..uu'llus 1\.JAV.IAV: II'. hul nut the imagmery v=t. W" han' a IIl'W 5l'I.. ami 1/11 . (..V not ill.~ . liV"""IAV. :!. IT\i' "~ !l " . contalning the rationals.IAV.IAV.BV) X ICV ..II.V' = 11·..-rihl's Ill: IA\' .IA V is ill . II is true thai IAV ..• (:V in. 't'nul in. and II .1:\\': I'l""'''/.:! . AV"IA\' ." IIr .11IV is ill . liV·1 CV.."uleVIt... AV .' II V UII'iII" "loeivully equivalent. illil.IOV: IAV and BV in·llIV.IOV...I =.: BV X CV =. ~) NI\I\': II.nV) = IAV X (BV X DVI..IOV. .BV in.I:\V = . :!'i. AVI ~. . .UNCLASSIFIED :!:. ..lIIdl·:VIe.ISI IIII'SS:I~1' IllIs a ~lIrhll" all ext r. I f:!"J(IV: AV aud BV/. mv n'. 'I'hi.. .IAV. I B\' alld eVI/. The Ull'l'..!lllud :11. :!li. w"rd. 8"t.JA\'. IAV =.BV/.·sl' I runsrritu. .B\'. :\·. l'I.II\V: II'/. AVI fAY .IAV... hl'~'(lIld dUllhl Ihe j:Ut'ss uf 24..IAV. II\V ") NI\I\') '"uIIBV ') NI\IVI =. 1101 in JEV. nv 17 UNCLASSIFIED .lll\'.'A\'. BV..til <.IA\': BV"IAV =. fiv'. BV x nv . ..IA\·. TIll' next III thl' I.~. IWXCV"JAV. BV) and HW =. and at least one inal jUllal. BV.0' BV =. 8"'.llI\': I .'.<aI(Cli read JA Vt.«.\i. lIlt' Sl'1 III ratiuual numlx-rs.. .II':V. Th. AV .IAV. =. l:V not in JOV.'/'n I n hi' I he 1il'1l1 ~l'nprall'd hy .IEV.. . I .IA\' =.'ad. JEV is probahly the real III II uhl'fs.. S'.' .IAV: lI-a.':!l·IA\'. 8""'.IA \': I : IInlll in.. I/\\'.. HV. II·. . BVI .. ".. ~ . IAV =. :!/'I.AV: II/. \wili.IAV: Hii 1111I1 IlHIl aml lillie . III alld :..AV. BV) '.IOV =..iov. AV.o<1l.IO\': II 1. (:V 11111 in.. It is true thnt A\' X IlV. iu ul her wllrds.B\' .\'. TIII'r!' is a IIC". AVI."...IOV.IOV. Tlu-se parse illl u: II :lIId:!h . IA\' lind B\'. ruv .. AV.

1It.IH.. N LV .. They then SIIY . (I !.10" helllnt:s 1III'IIA\'.). Ill. .INV :I natural number: .1. . . hl'1l1l1t:S III .. I f" ill.IIIV .15 a" sets: 1'J. .!:l and 4·1 e: AV ' ~ . hdlllll:s I" ..ruv.s su\:\:t's\ Ihal NLV menus "a limil uf.IIW.:1" I in .IIIlIl:s III. .1/:1)' in . ...mV.\\ UNCLASSifiED 11\ .IIH. .ICV. HLII·h"IIInl:slll. ' .10."'" ill ..10"" .!HHV.10.. HI" s hcllllll:s III .10" hellllll:s III eIIAV. II If NLV means limit..1 HI . . The later messages nf this KrllUP hove Ihe mysteriou» sequences ABCIl.:1 STY natural number: conjecture STY means "the pH'n~dinl: is a St" lllr sequencer. " = til III ill .'1 . .the messages parse.!HAV.. I hal ..IBV.. They I rnnscribe til: ·IHAV helullKs III elfAV.ICV. III' which Ilw Ihirli. then .JBV.1 (I 1/21' ill .10.:. '0' • alU145li7 = 12:141i67 us sets.V munetl tilt' real IIIl1nht·rs. II' we hlllll·h these each as a unil.~.10.10.~AV.10".v I) IlIr LV /.IIlV..'s.10" ." and .. 22.JHF\' ..'" in . the s. mavhe I hey are used like subscripts ami should he read ..111" ..111".IH . 29.:llIlId 12?AV . . . .111". etc. BUI till' IWII t'Xallll.IN\' 1'J.10".mV.:I~ AV is 1\ natural number: 12:1~flllr ~flli7 = . AV -: :. \' 11I'1<'"l:s III CIIAV. '. 1/ NV ill ..." If NV is 111I iull'\:N this lils IINlt..INV means "helflllKs IfI. 111. NLV .JBV...!..t'II~.II·. 1/:1 in .IR. . . veritlcat ion nf nur lIue!'.II{. TIll! lasl Iwn lessons ·:llIlulIl:1I were nlll published with IIIl' tirst twenty-nlne because it made Innlnn~ an exercise. . (I 1/4)' ill.111..IR.11 ~V.lm~.ICV. NLV. since we thought enrlier that it meant "eoutuius": A\' 11l'1"II\:s In I'J. . I NV'" ill. the sci .IgV conrain« the number e.11l·" . AV. hdllllJ:S III ClfAV.INV 2 natural numher.lt.111".. Bl.:I~f. I (1-. This Ilisl KrullP is III' impressive 11I111:IIil lid". lIellllll:s III CI·IAV. (1. !'ursilll: is "asl. AlIlIlIll'r pllssihl" parsillJ: is LV/.111.'lh is tluih' 111111:. hl'llIn!:s III eUAV. m. hdlllll:"'" . alii I II. 1II'IIIIII\s III . . ..JI!.•1It" I'h' . !Ielllnlls III .UNClASSifiED ~:XTHAn." There is duuht lIhllul t he Jailer.. These I rauscrihe In 1 '1. AV. [Since all the dil:ils appear ill these t:Wllps. :11. I)".. . ..· hr.11l. 1/2 in .n.. .INV I naturul numher.!HCV••!HIlV.IeV.10". ilL. each cndinK with HTV. HI.JBVill. DEFt.nuev. NV)/11' ill. ·11 nll'ssa.IH.''iTIIIAI. .JH. '_.\.. .·I:llIIul:1'J.. :10. helllnKs III CIIAV IThis 11111' 11I11111 he parsed wrulll: IIr I:arhlt'd I.1I h~ tlw purulle] 1'1I11sl ruct ion uf I he lIIeSSUl:es.IIlV' 8 1111 1 ' .IIlV. .10" ." O.111.II·:V... 01 . ARCIlE.JllIIV hellllll:s III eUAV..• I lassulllill~ NLV is CllII' worrl..

"... ilL"" 11I. 111.' belongs 10 ellA V"....10.10.. m.....&: B1.'1 1\1. Hl.. ilL. liLli.JO...10. Ill. '1'111' 1runscriptiou h-aves a Jol 10 he resolved. llI'llIll~ 10 . ". The word CHAV (or I'll 01 S""lIIS til h(' "1'111 rul.m.. IH.. 1IIIIIe a Ilarhll' " hcn-. aml ilL·..10:.IU.. nt..·. II. .m... 111.. BI... •10.·I'"11l til a IIl1iIIU(' .. fit:. .• ilL.. 1\ 11I~IIlIIIlS to.10. on B1 .· .. belongs to . ilL.". IIl'1l1l1l(s to. There are several words II".· BI.. A\..10. III whid.. Ill.·. HL" . ..·t 111. HL"" h"ltllll(s10JO.. IlL. .'.. IlL.". and "il!hh"'11 wllrels .."..IH. '1'111' sr-t Ill. "". .11IIcl1\L. There are S('\'1'1I words .IO. hl'lllllils IUIIIII' .. ilL".N~: UNCLASSIFIED . HL"... " . i~L"..IH... I will 11111 hon.IO.".. ~ HI. Ill . Ill..lnnl(s 10.. ·1. IlII'allilllls nl' whieh ure yet In be determined....\\' • I:!.. BI.. helonlls 10. t HL.." HI. ilL. .... BL.. 1'1...' s. ilL •..Hl. ilL.'all'cll: Th« s. lIlIcll'a. 111...••.111. aml I :.10.·.m.•: Bl. The set 111. ilL.'IU. .IIl·IIIIII(S 10. iu. HL... BL. hl'llIlIllS lo..... ". .: HI.·.·h III' 1I1I'st. TllI's.lIt BI .·t 111. 81.'0..10.. IiI. . .". Ill. I )IlI'S each also h.. HL".10.10.IIl·llInIlS 111. hclllllils 10. . Ill . since the list above has b('. II" 1II'I01Ills Ie•• IIL: . hl'llllills10. BL"..10. ilL.l... .lltr. HI.. TIll' S"I IlL. 1II'IIIIIIls III ('II AV.i. BL .II.. :. m.... . 111..: Tlu.... ' .m• ..". '1'111' sl'l ilL". HL. ami BL". belongs to . ilL.. BL. '1'111' s"l ilL. HL".: Tlll's.... 1ll'IIlIIIlS 10.. 'I'hl's.'1 IIL.: '1'111' s.." I'ad..... . m.....!:. "..IO.:. There nre !Ill wllrcls Ill. 1II'IIIIIIlS In.. ilL". The st'l ilL".. alllll." B1'!I BL.. ilL" ilL" HI.... 'I'll\' "..yuu with the details.....'. -.'l BL".".·.... Th. HL....'11 (·lIrrl'I·II·cI. JO ..lIt• ..' Ii.'1 111. HL::. HL.. HI.» '1'111' s"1 ilL.....'l I\L...".·.. uml I·I:.. HI.. HL.'111 . HI.:... Ill.AV ... ilL.:..... A\. alllllll... "('(nllils 10.. 111..·.10... 111.'ms III1..·11I1I1l III 1\ uniqur... 111..... .. Silll'l' (':I('h Bl." HI. helongs III JO.10... .". all N is rt'II.s"1 Ill.......". HL".'0.". . helclIIllS 10... BI. HL:. HI. .lIt.. The s"t HI.111 ..!li A\'· .lIl1d .. HI. BI.0. BL". Ill .".....•.. alld ilL.'. '1'111' s. . ..10".". ilL.m·.10.. .. :lIld IlL".. it n'mls "II « AV 111111 AV < 22 =." BL". BI•.\ \ •.:: iii. ilL"... hl'lllllils111..'.." 1'1. these ('1111 hp displayed ill n uuurix ru. IIL..... iiI.. \. III". " ellA \' h"'"l1lls10 K5I'V.. Ill..'.... 1·t\MI'AU. ilL"..' 1Il'IIIIlilS to. Ill. ilL. 1\1. ilL.was iI V omit .. HI. Ill..·.. BL.. 1 lu-n.\H. ilL".'! With Ihis hint we can siraillhten out the I(arbll'd message ubnve. ..'( 1\1.·.... ... HL".". ·//' I wa~ nlsn able III reparse six olher messages.." BI. 19 UNCLASSIFIED . 1'1..

67. 57.10.. means element Z. 63. sets.." 81.UNCLASSIFIED ~:X·I·IlAn:IUl~SI'llIAI.. We have a rew words ror sophisticated concepts." 11 lIIay merely mean loble. sure enllullh. Hllw hi7.".... HI••. HI. There iR IInly line (."." . Bk.. and have caughl mistakell in the process.". 81...9:1.... 81. !ltl.. 1II1t1 physical constuuts which any cultures mus! share.".. H!l. 58. Rk. have learned slime or the syntax rules or the notation. The concepts used here are the basic lines Ill" number.96.66... and lire lumlled into one cell. 65.95.10".. HI. HI. lhal elemenls 57 lhroullh 71 are rare earths. or nniversity subject. ":hmlenl!l21 and:1!I are !oM:llndillln lind Yllrillln. lliven more data. BI. and the subscripts in if in decimal nllialinn are 21. CllAV must mean the lIeriodic tohie.Aue the sylltliX and values of II culture clluld he I cannot eonjecture. 81." BL:1II 81. BL. and even more unportant." 81.10" . 60. :19. ncellt that it is a generalizalion III' "llCriodie Iahle. •10" . 59. The meoninJ!: IIr KSI'V is nlll known.. hut not all. r . BL.. The larger part or the enlries i!< syslemalically distributed in the first eight rows."" Rememher lhat these are nllt decimal numbers." BI."" HI. •10.... means columu x. 71. •10..10".10" 81". HI. 81. authorities alsll lilllll!llhfflnllh 10:1 OR rare . Slime. and ..10" JO•• 47 71 72 IUU 1111 1112 11I:1 104 1:11 1:12 1:1:1 1:14 140 141 142 ilL. 711.. BL:... 61.. 6!I... bUI lilly civilizations callable or IiCndinll a message uerosa space musl bave many thinlls in cllmmon. I.." BL" HI.". B.98. 7:1 1115 1:15 74 75 lUll 1117 1:lli 1:17 71i -77 HI. BI. . and. BI. This SUKllcsls Ibe Ilerilldic table IIr the chemical elemenls! On cllnsnltinll a table we lind...92...llllkinil back liver the exercise we see we hove penetrated the meaning or the basic symhols. HI. HI.". with a little labor we could eslahlish ils honslalilln. GH. HI.• 81..•lIt.10" . means fflW y.ell with more than one entry.. 64. HL.97.'llrlhs. IIrscientilic fuet. UNCLASSIFIED 2U ...n 25 -RI.. 62.94. . JO.10...."• .. 81. 91. Hl.".. HI~.

LBTKATA.. LCIIllA. QI.. I.III1I1A. Itl~I.K.AIIIIN.'.t·KAt: .AKAA.. !.he written down. SUAB. AAAAA.GT(l.110. I.1 KI. 1.II.t·I\AK~ t> I> • II 'I III II 1:' \.t·~At·. U·OCOBA. LDKCA. Sf"O&VO. SHUALBB LATA. LNONB.l:I"IVI. LNIIGIl I. sn that the lIIessa~cs can.Il.ABCTKOAlUIIKOBRJAC. AAAAAA. I.IINOI'QM e I c 2 .1:111'11.1 KIJlNOI'QIISl'lIV AIII:IIEH. LOool't'OOOEt· 1.1IllAII. . I. LNIWn. I.III1CKAG. LIIOBA. IJ)KAC: I. UNTJ.V.ADV~APVl. J. I.NA. U:KAKBD.lIlIcKIQJ. LAIIDC LDllEA.IlKIIB.IICIIKllt:. LNIICC.·. I. .III.ARDV. U'F.11111" . I. 21 UNCLASSIFIED J .MNOI'\II1STIIV AIII:IIU (. UCJ: URBCRCB .NIlIlIl.AAnIlIlJY" :i!.. LOEfCTKKOURJCOERJBKOFRJAOGRJN.CKAII.11 1 111:11 . LIXIBB. QHLAAUB. ·I..IIJKI.111. Each message except the lirst is gin'n hl'f(' unly unl'e. IJ:C.. I. QI..V'" tnf 1I"~iuvll·SIlV 1tI. !. UCO.VQI..1I11l:A.BKAA. U:Kl:II. lEI'KBTCT.I 4 AA. LCBATKOCRJBKOBRJAOARJN..F. UF.1 HUV aOavnOf"fiV. I.AIICB.t:KIIl:.I. SUOAA. LrOIlOCA.ySV. SLBKAA.uld hI' taken all units. I. LFTOCTBT. U'OIlC I.\ \01 I. QUC. LFKBD. LFKCC. Tin' Imnslllissiun was nnl centiuueus.E. SHLFOAFUPFF. I. LK.1. SLNIIAA.IIII'.VSVOQ&V.. IXIICA.AMIIA. SLUVlrvnun. The serial number the message has been SUPIIlied fur I'm'h rl'h'f('I\l'e.HCIIOCC 1. •. l.11. QLRBBB: QUB8. I. taI'U'VUl.CI't·1I UAH...AlJU. '1'111' II:\III\I. I. 1.11111111 1.KAIiI'''KI'¥AV HI. UFJ.NMAA. LIIMIJB.N~: UNCLASSIFIED AI'I'ENmx BI'I'I'nll~' it lWril'H ul" rallin lIIeHsRlles was heard l'olllinll from outer spal"l'.vtv .I'AMI·AII. I. fur Ihey Wl'fl' repeated over :11111 U\'I'r il~ain. LCC I.V~VI.NONA.•• IKA(.NIIi I'IOII1JOVCUVUlJllDVLllllJDV "'YI. LEE.IIOAB. SUA.OHU. LAI'CC.AA.FKDB. 1.IARCII 1. LNIlEE. 15 16 17 18 19 zu ItI IntlraU.C I. UBC.AV.. LRBOO I.IJI'. LCKCKAC.AIIED I.I:KIIA.. Lllllt:C.'S show here RS punetuatinn.1I11 .AIICN I. The VilrillUS combinOli iUIIs hOI\"!' heen represented by lellers the alphabet. I..EKDA.. Lt'KEA. I. H AAA..1I1V IIIUI/l U1MAVB 11110:1\.JAOl:C."••vav tIQI. LKAKBCKKABC 1. AAAAAAA. or or AII"IH '. I. II. QQLCC: QWG. I.rUAIlII\: .C. HqUV.11.. LNOIIN. QLNOAA.IA\·.UVII:AV.t·KCKIIA. 11 \1 AV.I::KAIJ. AAAA.NII.111'.' ~I 1111 . I. bUI cuI by pauses inlu pil'l'l'S whirh .

lAV HNXVllv.t. '2" RIH". NllnANVJCV.04 NKY.TJAV.AYBVQLarBV. SlITY.1VAYI:V..u.I&VIUl. JNVJRGVCHAV: JNVJRAVJRBVJRCVJRDVJREVJRFVJRGVSTVCIIAV. LUVjVT\f8VCYTVI'UVHVllvj.uV'VUVBVr:VU'UVJ.IAV. qaVf'AIJIV .'UAVNKYflIVC¥JAV ..nl$llv..J JIiIIYUYHAVI~AV81V """A.JUY.INVJOAVCHAV: JNV. NKVltllNT.VIIVflAVtU.U1WAV .UVABGIJESTVD£FGSTVDESTV : LTVABCDESTVDEFGsrVABCDEFGSTV . NKVJJA" • NRVtuaIIY..IAVCAV. SIIQlJ'tGVII¥TVll'.V"V.JAY NlCVK.INYHAVCAV.n.IC. QIIICVIA&IAV. 30. NIlV IAV. Ltv.havt:AV\. Nnr. ..XTHA'!'''. JNVJRAVCHAV: JNV._Y.JOBVCHAV.V 22 HNKVTVlveV.KnvlVIIV.. NKYIfLYJIVJEV.IAYUIINAAY. LTVAVTVIIV(:nn YAVllY(:V.V.I:n1VRnUY..UNCLASSIFIED 22 . NKVfJAV NKYGJAV.I AV HHKVTVIV(. lIk'lllMDllNA. IIK. NK'TYnnC.INVBlVUlV :.. .JHVHAyr:AVI.IUV."CYJEV.RCYl1CQNIIVCVJOV.llJl&o.INVCJAV. • HUlG'HllNAGNKVCVJE..OV .VUlVAI QnuAV.... .JAV.IU.VIWICIDILJIV . IiIIY. trtYI.lAV.lNVCAV8AVI.1 AVHtIi'·lJIY\"v. QNlYPCt·JAV 26 HIIUA'UQV. .Vt'4. HJNVAVABCDSTVJNVAVJAV.IJ..B. NIIYPACJCV.Vt:VUVTva.MJAHNTIIJANIITJIV.UNCLASSIFIED SUVLAYBVQLUIV.Bo'CV. . NKVfvAIJ'IAt.'AHNNT. JHY8AYTVlAYCAY .CVIEQIIIVCVJOv.lIV. tUGV8BqNKYGYJQY IK'llIAV. 'I'.U".. ". atQTVCYHYUYQCYQHV.1AVNKVKUAJAV 2~ K. SUIf'AVllyt>I:VIIVI'UAvnUHvn" tullOavUrullVCVl!I'UIIVl'ACYUV .VCAV. IIKVIo:JAY. • YPIN.JAV.·tlJILIAV. yRVJUY. NKYAISTJn. HTVJNYAVNIVJNYBVNIIVJHYTVAYIYNIIV.. NK'N-IANIT. I_VTV. NKVR.JNVCAVUAV.JAVNK~KIVI:V.qc:AVQIt'V.JU:VIEII.. NkVHIIAf'lHVNVJIV. HTYHKVTVAVIVJUVQlJlIIYNIf.JAYNk'lK.IAV. QTVI.JRBVCHAV.'/'J(IAI.RAYBfUlAVI. JNVJ08BVCUAV. QLOIVUVN "'IIYAY. $Uyun.. HTVIIAVIIVU'U''''lt'fAvaV. II.VAYIIY tvllAVHYllIIYAV HYH'f'AVBVTVItAVBVtUlV1V 2& Hl.IOY.'. N. 29 1lJU'IWIBllNAJIV. IITY. ILlJlVII. M. NKVtLIAV. . III"'''. JNVAJAV.. Hl..YhAVc:AV.V. IIIVJO'JEY.VI:IVJN. •. QHICYPAN.BV.V • tlYAaT.YQIIY I. I.'8v IlII NKYHIlAPAW-IIlV.IDVNlCV. JNVABCSTVJAV.. IIKVRI".t.rAVJE. U. JNVBJAV.... NK""R.AVB. IIKVCJAV. NKVRII'''AL''C'JHV. JNVUVIAYCAYTV8J.. NKytVTYCCTAIlNTIJIATJAV.VCV.Vr:v .IAV . IINlnilV. LNLVJCVN lIKywuu.VI'l"aVJov. MQU"""VUV'''UVllnV..I. _'_CJAY. IIIV1WU1V1D1lJB' UlLYJIVI. 31. """'UJCV.

lUCV.ACtwSTVJ08V: .V81.INVTVTVBLBH8I.JNV81.JOABV.1".IOEV.AVV. .ANNV8LANAV81.I08V.iIIV8i.AN8VBI.HCVSTV.IIV. .A811VSTVJOF'V .F'EV81.AV.IlI'.A8VSI.ItIV8I.INV8I.CBV8I.IOA\'.1N'I81.ANEVIlI.IOAAV.AAIlVSTV.GF'VIlI.AAAVSTV. :.INVIlI.DCVIlI.V8I.I\AV .IUAlIV. .AAYBI.CAVIlI.F.AVV..F.ABCVSTV.VIlI. 11'.IOAI.F'l>VIlI.II\IIV IIlVIII.IODV.IOGV .IOAAV.FV81.JOCV .Br.INVBI. INVIlI.INVBI.AVV.A \'1" IRl'\' IIVTVQllAVIlCTQIIDIlTAV.DDV BLF'F'VBI..V BI:oA.EllV81.A8F.JI\IlV .I08AV..CF·VBI.AVV. . ·.IKI\\· .F.IIlVBlIIV.ACGV8I.I'AMI'AII:N~~ UNCLASSIFIED INV.IlF.II\AV 1111"1'1.IIlVBI.AGVBI.JN1I'rVTVTVTVIILF'VBL.F'NVBLAIlNVSTVJ08BV: .V81.JOArvJOAGV .F'AVBI. .'l\rv.BBVBl.iIV8I.AllAVRI.ACCV81.F.ADNV IlI.ANGVBLACAVBLACBV BI. IIVTVQAVIl~:TQllrM'AV. lI'rVIIIlAVLJAVIl8T.ltlVIlI.l>GVBI.IIlVIlI.JNVCIIAVKSPV 23 UNCLASSIFIED .IlNVBI.8AV8I.V .rVIII.JOA8V.IRF.ItiYlll.F'CV81.ABF'VSTV.ACllV8I.ACFV8I.AAI:VSTV.AA~:VSTV.ACEV81.AAF'VSTVJOBNV: .AANV.It 1l. IIVTVQIIAVF'GTQIIAIWTAV.GV1lL.11. .V8LCGV81.VSTVJOGV: .IODVJOEVJOrV.A\'I". II\"TVQIIAVACTQII81l'rAV.'HIjIIAVCIIIIAIITA\'.1NVJOAVVCHAV: .GAVBI.r.INVBI.IIIVBI.AllOVIlI.llAVBI.AIIV.ltiVBI~ANNIII.CNVBLE8V8I.CCVIlI.IIlVIlI.JOAEV: .JOACVJOADVJOAEV.ECVB1.l\I.D8VBl.IOIltlV.INVRI'.lNVIlI.ANCV III.GI:VIII.ENV8I.t'F:VIlIEGVRI.IlCVBLDEVIlI.V .n.CllVBI.A8AVSTV.AF'VBLllNVBLF'BVBLABBVSTV.ADVBI.IRBV.ACVIlI. .AF.INVIij.JOAFV .J08AV· . .IRGV: .BDVBLDF'V BIr.1<\' .GCV BLGDV IlU. .INV81.IIIVBI.AVIlI. .EAV8I.GBVBI.8VBLllVIlI.JOB8VSTvrHAV. lIVTVQIIAVABI:TQIIAIl8TAV.V8I.AA8VSTVJOA[lV .JOACV: .AtWV8L.AACVSTV.JOAV .AllIlVSTV.INVlll.I OANV .

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