Untitled | Brown V. Board Of Education | Desegregation

1. Points Assigned: 8.

00 – Short Essay — Question: The video featured in Lesson 11, "Living Large," describes the 1950s as a period of unprecdented growth and prosperity for the United States. As described in th e video, discuss at least two of the factors that contributed to the United Stat es' prosperity during the 1950s. Your Answer: Unions contributed to the United Sates prosperity during the 1950. Industrial worker started to join Unions because after the war barging for better wages and working conditions was part of the norm. The employees fin ancially benefited from the Union because they started making more money. Becaus e of increased wages people were able to purchase more things which improved the economy. <br /> The GI bill was also a major factor that contributed to the US prosperity because returning soldiers was allowed to learn new trades or start t heir own business which would allow them to be a more productive citizen. <br /> <br /> 2. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The most significant social trend in the postwar era in America was Correct Your Answer: B A. the decline of the nuclear family. B. the flight to the suburbs. (correct answer) C. a decline in the size of the family. D. the emergence of the drug culture. E. the growth of the "Sun Belt." 3. Points Assigned: 3.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The individual who invented the concept of mass construction of suburban homes w as Correct Your Answer: A A. William Levitt. (correct answer) B. C. Wright Mills. C. William Douglas. D. William Whyte. E. Charles Newcastle. 4. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: Which of the following was NOT an important stimulus to American economic growth in the late 1940s and early 1950s? Correct Your Answer: A A. direct government aid to industrial development (correct answer) B. C. D. E. the pent-up demand for consumer goods heavy government spending during the Cold War $37 billion in American savings the Korean War

5. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: Critical to life in the suburbs in the 1950s was Correct Your Answer: A A. the automobile. (correct answer) B. efficient mass transit. C. the development of jobs close to the home sites. D. the restructuring of American school systems. E. air conditioning. 6. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice —

Question: The cover story in Look Magazine for December 25, 1956 featured this photograph of Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, and their son Ricky. This photo demonstrates what s trong cultural value of the 1950s? Correct Your Answer: D A. significance of music in family cohesiveness B. power of television and motion picture stars to influence societ y C. rising influence of Hispanic culture in the United States D. importance of the nuclear family unit to the parents of the baby boom generation (correct answer) E. decline of marriage and families in the 1950s 7. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: In 1946, Dr. Benjamin Spock wrote a bestselling book on Correct Your Answer: E A. marriage. B. public education. C. the Cold War. D. space travel. E. infant and child care. (correct answer) 8. Points Assigned: 0.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The dominant social theme of the 1950s was A. B. C. D. E. patriotism. religion. reform. consumerism. (correct answer) protest.

9. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: People's attitudes toward organized religion in the 1950s was Correct Your Answer: A A. incredibly positive and religious affiliation boomed. (correct a nswer) B. seen mainly in the growing numbers of Protestants. C. not as important in their lives as in previous generations. D. the only way to deal with the emotional stress of the Cold War. E. something there was no time for as life became more hectic. 10. Points Assigned: 0.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: A major point of agreement among those concerned with education in the 1950s was their belief in the need for A. B. C. D. E. segregated schools. instruction in values and ethics. a college education. (correct answer) neighborhood schools. local control of the educational system. 4.00 – Multiple Choice — social critic of the 1950s was Answer: B Acheson.

11. Points Assigned: Question: The most influential Correct Your A. Dean

B. C. D. E.

David Riesman. (correct answer) Billy Graham. Whittaker Chambers. Ernie Kovacs.

12. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: According to the social critic C. Wright Mills, the real villain in American soc iety in the 1950s was Correct Your Answer: B A. the Soviet Union. B. the corporation. (correct answer) C. the labor union. D. the university. E. the government. 13. Points Assigned: 3.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The first U.S. satellite placed in Earth's orbit was Correct Your Answer: D A. Vanguard. B. Mercury. C. Apollo. D. Explorer. (correct answer) E. Voyager. 14. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: Sputnik, the earth satellite put into orbit by the Soviet Union in 1957, was cap able of Correct Your Answer: B A. launching a missile attack against the U.S. B. transmitting a "beep...beep...beep" radio signal. (correct answe r) C. D. E. carrying out high-level photographic surveillance. carrying a dog into space. serving as a communications satellite.

15. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The National Defense Educational Act was passed in response to Correct Your Answer: E A. the discovery that the Soviets had nuclear weapons. B. Truman's attempted nationalization of atomic energy. C. Truman's call for educational reform. D. a populace unsure of what to do in the event of nuclear war. E. the launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union. (correct answer) 16. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: Eisenhower's legislative record could be characterized as Correct Your Answer: C A. impressive, particularly in terms of social programs. B. oriented toward much heavier government spending. C. very modest. (correct answer) D. in the tradition of Roosevelt and Truman. E. radical. 17. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice —

Question: With respect to the New Deal, Eisenhower Correct Your Answer: B A. actively sought to dismantle its key programs. B. maintained its welfare programs but limited their expansion. (co rrect answer) C. pushed for the creation of new, more radical programs. D. was a firm believer in the effectiveness of its programs. E. maintained all central structures except welfare. 18. Points Assigned: 0.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: During the Truman administration A. B. C. ect answer) D. E. . voting discrimination against African Americans came to an end. public schools were desegregated. an order for desegregation of the armed forces was issued. (corr Congress established a permanent civil rights commission. the Civil Rights Division of the Justice Department was weakened

19. Points Assigned: 3.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The NAACP lawyer who argued the Brown v. Board of Education decision before the Supreme Court was Correct A. B. C. D. E. Your Answer: C Orville Faubus. Martin Luther King. Thurgood Marshall. (correct answer) Malcolm X. John Lewis.

20. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka overturned the Correct Your Answer: A A. Plessy v. Ferguson decision. (correct answer) B. Sweatt v. Painter decision. C. Sims v. Simpson decision. D. Allwright v. United States decision. E. Delacourt v. Alabama decision. 21. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: In its decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court Correct Your Answer: B A. refused to rule on the question of segregation. B. declared separate educational facilities to be inherently unequa l. (correct answer) C. continued to support the doctrine of separate but equal. D. ruled that the NAACP's case had no merit. E. ordered federal funding of new schools and universities to meet growing needs. 22. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: As a result of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Correct Your Answer: D

A. B. C. e in number. D. swer) E.

segregation in the South ended almost immediately. segregation was allowed to continue for ten years. African American protests against discrimination began to declin the slow process of desegregating schools was begun. (correct an martial law was immediately imposed in most southern states.

23. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: The Deep South responded to court-ordered desegregation Correct Your Answer: D A. by moving immediately to end discrimination in schools. B. with grudging acceptance of the decisions. C. by closing all of its schools. D. with massive resistance. (correct answer) E. with bloody race riots. 24. Points Assigned: 3.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: President Eisenhower had to send in federal troops in 1957 to enforce the desegr egation of the public schools in A. B. C. D. E. Chicago, Illinois. Los Angeles, California. Tallahassee, Florida. Little Rock, Arkansas. (correct answer) Topeka, Kansas.

25. Points Assigned: 4.00 – Multiple Choice — Question: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s philosophy of protest stressed Correct Your Answer: E A. massive protest in the streets. B. acceptance of discrimination until the courts could act. C. acceptance of discrimination until African Americans could form a more solid economic base. D. intensive, radical action. E. nonviolent, passive resistance. (correct answer)

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