Curriculum and Outline of Courses


M.A. History Part I & Part II Examination

(Revised and Updated 2004)

Department of History
University of the Punjab,
Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore.


Inter University Course Curriculum Committee in the subjects of History and Pakistan Studies
1. Prof. Dr. S. Qalb-i-Abid Chairman Department of History, University of the Punjab. Lahore. Prof. Dr. Khurram Qadir Department of History. Bahaudin Zakriya University, Multan. Prof. Dr. Asif Ali Rizvi. Chairman. Department of History, Islamia University, Bahawalpur. Prof. Dr. Tahir Kamran Department of History, Government College University. Lahore. Prof. Dr. Sahibzada Abdur Rasool, Department of History, University of Sargodha, Sargodha. Prof. Dr. Massarrat Abid, Director, Pakistan Study Centre, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Syed Qamar Abbas, Department of History, University of the Punjab. Lahore. Muhammad Iqbal Chawla, Department of History University of the Punjab Lahore. Mr. Ghulam Ghaus Department of Pakistan Studies Govt. College University, Faisalabad Mr. Faraz Anjurn Department of History, University of the Punjab, Lahore.











1. Introduction: History deals with the record of the past. However, it is not just a plain record but rather the construction, interpretation and evaluation of the past, which is the subject matter of history. As the past, present and the future are inextricably linked, the importance of history cannot be denied. The true dissemination of historical knowledge is therefore a pre-requisite for a nation’s development. That is the reason that from ancient times, the teaching of history at all levels has remained an essential part of the curricula of the Universities. In the University of the Punjab, M.A. History Programme was first introduced in 1933. Since its introduction, three quarters of a century ago, this Programme and its syllabi were modified at different times. However, for a number of years, the need had been felt to completely review the Programme and update it according to the changing needs of the time and according to the modern teaching-learning strategies. 2. Aims and Objectives: to cater to the need of the nation to produce the researchers and scholars who can write political, social, economic and intellectual history of the people of Pakistan to produce such academics who can teach history in schools, colleges and universities at the graduate and undergraduate levels 3. Pre-Requistes: A basic knowledge of history is the pre-requisite for joining the Master’s Programme. For this purpose, only those students will be admitted in this Programme who studied History as an elective subject at the graduation level. 4. Teaching Learning Strategies: Lectures by the Teacher Tutorials, Assignments and Seminars Book Reviews Group Discussions and Presentations A Compulsory Term Paper 5. Evaluation: There will be internal and external evaluation of the students. The internal evaluation will be based on the following criterion: Midterm Test: Send-up Test: Assignments: Presentations/Group Discussions: Attendance: 20% 40% 15% 15% 10%


A student will be required to secure at least 50% marks in the internal evaluation in order to qualify for the external evaluation. The Department will issue a formal Certificate of Internal Evaluation to each student reflecting the marks obtained by him/her according to the above mentioned criterion. The external evaluation will be done at the end of the session. 6. Attendance Policy: 75% attendance is compulsory; otherwise a student will not be allowed to sit in the final exam.

examination or First Division in the subject of history in B. Only those students shall be eligible to apply for theses who have either obtained First Division in B. he/she has selected.5 Curriculum Summary Curriculum for M.A.A. History Part-I Examination. HISTORY Part-II There will be five specialized groups of courses and the candidates will select any one of the following groups : Group ‘A’ Course Course Course Course Course Group 'B' Course Course Course Course Course Group 'C’ Course Course Course Course Course Thesis: History HIS/601 HIS/602 HIS/603 HIS/604 HIS/605 of lndo-Pakistan Ancient India Muslim Rule in India (712-1526) The Great Mughals (1526-1707) Later Mughals & British India(1707-1857) The Punjab in Modern Times 100 100 100 100 100 Marks 100 100 100 100 100 500 Islamic History HIS/606 HIS/607 HIS/608 HIS/609 HIS/610 Umayyads and Abbasides Muslim Rule in Spain The Ottoman Empire (1288-1924) Central Asia Contemporary Middle East 100 100 100 100 100 Western History HIS/611 HIS/612 HIS/613 HIS/614 HIS/615 Early Modern Europe (1453-1789) Modern Europe (1789-1919) History of England (1688-1919) United States after Second World War International Relations and Organizations 100 100 100 100 100 A student with the approval of the Board of Studies in History may opt for writing a thesis in lieu of two courses of the group. Course Course Course Course Course HIS/501 HIS/502 HIS/503 HIS/504 HIS/505 Early History of Islam Research Methodology & Historiography State and Society in Muslim India 1206-1707 Muslim Struggle for Independence 1858-1947 Government & Politics in Pakistan 1947-1999 Total: Curriculum for M.A. .A.A. Part-I.A.A. Part-II or in any of the courses studied in M. HISTORY PART-I There will be five core courses of 100 marks each. A candidate who is permitted to write thesis shall be required to select his/her topic of research in the area or group she/he has opted for in M. examination or got at least 55% marks in M.

Advancement of education. foreign policy and expansion of the state. Political and Economic System. Transformation of Society. apostacy. Contents: Conditions of Pre-lslamic Arabia: Geography. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. Hazrat Umar bin Khattab : Early life. Socio-Economic Conditions. Major Religious Communities. the students will be able to: Appreciate the revolutionary changes brought by Islam to the Arabian society Develop an insight into the growth and development of a major religion of the world from a historical perspective Have an in-depth study of the socio-political thoughts. Hazrat Abu Bakar and Hazrat Umar. Hazrat Usman : Early life. PART I COURSE HIS/501 EARLY HISTORY OF ISLAM 1. character and achievements. Sacrifices for the cause of Islam. . City State of Mecca. Spread of Islam Hazrat Abu-Bakar: Early life. Brief Description: This course deals with the period of the emergence and rise of Islam. servics for Islam. role during the life of Holy Prophet. conquest of Iraq. Administration of justice. Learning and scientific approach. Election as Caliph. reaction. Hijrat. Tribal System. foreign policy towards Iran. Expansion and conquests. consolidation of the state. Kingdom of Hira. Foreign relations and Military system. Life of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him): Early life. 2. It also discusses the administrative and intellectual development of the period. Trade and Commerce. administrative setup and intellectual developments of early Islamic period 3.6 DETAILED OUTLINE OF COURSES FOR M. the Last Sermon. Policy towards Non-Muslims. election as Caliph. character & achievements. Munkreen-i-Zakat. Polity. City State of Medina. Syria and Byzantine.A. reforms. compilation of Quran. declaration of Nabuwwat. character and achievements. Ghazawat. Early difficulties. election as Caliph. the Conquest of Mecca. martyrdom and its consequences. It focuses on the life of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and the period of the Pious Caliphate.

Imam Hasan as Caliph. election as Caliph. Arnold. The Spirit of Islam. Political and Administrative Set-up: Political System under the Pious Caliphate. A Literary History of the Arabs. Amr-bin al Ass. Social Structure of Islam.A. Additional Readings: Hafiz Ghulam Sarwar Nicholson. 4. early difficulties. S. Public Welfare works. Science and Civilization in Islam . Abu Obeida bin al Jarrah. Sir Thomas Watts. his abdication. Administration of Justice. Hazrat Ayesha. Central & Provincial Administration. Arab Administration. Hazrat Ali's martyrdom. relations with Amir Muawiyah.7 Hazrat Ali: Early life. Education and advancement of learning. Revenue System.. services for the cause of Islam. Wellhausan Amir Ali. Expansion and Conquests. Basic Reading: 5. Abdur Rehman bin Auf.Q. Syed Hussain Nasr The Holy Prophet.. the Kharjites. —doLevy. Military system. Abdullah bin Umar. M. Abdullah bin Masud. . R. Abdullah bin Abbas. State of society. character and achievements. Saad bin Waqas. The History of the Saracens. —doHussaini. R. Policy towards non-Muslims. Study of Some Special Personalities: Study of Hazrat Khadija. Abu Zarr Ghaffari. The Arab Kingdom and its Fall. Legacy of Islam Muhammad at Madina Muhammad at Mecca. Hazrat Fatima. Syed .

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medieval and modern times. medieval and modern period with special emphasis on the following: • Ibn Khaldun • Vico • Hegel • Karl Marx • Oswald Spengler . Methodology History: Its Definition. It also orients the students with basic tools and methods of research. Develop historical consciousness. 2. glorification etc. It also deals with the basic issues of the philosophy of history. Differentiate between pseudo-historical facts—propaganda. Brief Description: This course focuses on the concept and methodology of history writing. theory Data Collection Techniques Historical Sources: Documentary & Non Documentary Sources Auxiliary Sciences Historical Criticism: Internal. Contents: Part-I. Philosophy of History Philosophy of History: Meaning and concept Islamic concept of History Critical Philosophy of History Development of the concept of History in ancient. variables. External. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. Textual Writing for Historical Research: Technique & Method Part II.—and true historical facts. It enlightens them with the styles and trends of history writing in ancient. the students will be able to: Do research independently by following research tools and historical methodology. 3. medieval and modern period with special emphasis on the following historians: • Herodotus • Thucydides • Al-Tabari • Al-Masudi • Gibbon • Ranke Speculative Philosophy of History Study of different theories of History in ancient. Meaning and Value Nature of History: Science or Art Varieties of History Research Process Concept of Research: Hypothesis.9 COURSE HIS/502 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND HISTORIOGRAPHY 1.

Gordon. . Michael. Additional Readings: Barzun. Duri. New York. 1963. The Modern Researcher.H. Boston.W. Peter. & Graff. G. Stanford. 1994. J.10 • Arnold Toynbee Modern Trends in History Writing.F. 1954. The Idea of History. New York 1956. Muqaddima: An Introduction to History.S. Early Muslim Historiography. Will. A History of Muslim Historiography. Dees. London. New York. What is History? New York 1967. Rise of Historical Writing Among the Arabs. Hegel. Bloc. G. E.W. 1991. 4. New York. Marc. New Perspectives on Historical Writings. Childe. 1958. 1953. 1966. Hubbel. Herbert. 1997.F. New York. 1969. Illinois. Carr. Hegel. The Philosophy of History. Historian’s Craft. A. Nisar Ahmed. Oxford.1960. Basic Readings: Collingwood. Lessons of History.G.V.F. Delhi 1977. G. A Companion to the Study of History. R. 5. A. Faruqi. Man on His Past: The Study of the History of Historical Scholarship.1960. Gawronski. Manchester. Durant. History: Meaning & Method. 1958. D. Franz Rosenthal. New York. H. Writing the Modern Research Paper. Ibn Khaldun. Robert. Reason in History. Burke. Writing Term-Papers & Reports. Butterfiled. What is History.

L. A History of Historical Writing. C. Introduction to the Study of History. J. 1947. World History by the World Historians. Albany. W. Chicago. 1975. Toynbee. Abridged Edition by D. K. Islamic Historiography: Histories of Al Masudi. & Seignbos. History of History. Spickard. London. M.11 Jaffar. Walsh. Khalidi. 1957. Tarif. Spengler. Turabian . Somervell) London. 1998. Arnold J. 1962. Langlois. Philosophy of Ibn Khaldun. A Study of History. A Manual for the Writers of Term-Papers. Boston. . The Decline of West. London. C.H. 1926. New York. Ten steps in Writing the Research Paper. Markman. Oswald. Mahdi Mohsin. London.W. Paul. 1898. S. 1958. Theses & Dissertations. 1973. C. An Introduction to Philosophy of History. 1989. (2 Vols. New York. Thompson.V.

Economic System: Land Revenue. H. Chishtia. Basic Readings: Qureshi. Literature. 2. Legal and Judicial System. The Administration of the Sultanate of Delhi. Aims & Objectives: After completing this course. Local Administration.L. Political History and Institutions of the Early Turkish Empire of Delhi. It focuses on the politico-administrative system. Sultan-Padshah: their duties and responsibilities. The Political Theory of the Delhi Sultanate. Brief Description: The course deals with the growth and development of administrative and cultural institutions and policies during the five centuries of Muslim rule in India. Brown. Provincial Administration. Indian Architecture. cultural norms and socio-religious practices of the period. (ed. Taxation. Painting. Poetry.12 COURSE HIS/503 STATE AND SOCIETY IN MUSLIM INDIA (1206-1707) 1. Religious. Trade and Commerce Military Administration. Diet and Sports. Suharwardiya. and Scientific Education. Additional Readings: Aziz Ahmad. I. economic and cultural norms of the medieval period 3. Contents: Evolution and development of Political System. The Feudal and the Mansabdari System. 5. . Calligraphy. Karachi. the students will be able to: Appreciate the evolution of modern administrative institutions and sociopolitical ideals Have an insight into working of the medieval state Know about the social. 4. Mohammad and Afsar Salim Khan. Architecture. Basham. Muhtasib and Police. Administration. Society and Culture: Status of Non-Muslims. Percy. Royal Cabinet and Central Administration. A. Dress. ---------------. Role of Ulema. Naqshbandia and Qadaria orders. The Mughal Administration. Indian Paintings under the Mughals. Habib. ------------------.) A Cultural History of India. Music. 1966.

Mughal Architecture. Central Structure of the Mughal Empire. Spear and Ikram. Tripathi. P. Administrative Structure of the Great Mughals. Mughal Administration. The Cambridge Economic History of India. Sarkar.P. Rise and fall of Mughal Empire. R. Mughal Polity. Karachi.A. Khosla. Mubarak Ali.N. Tapan Raichaudhuri & Irfan Habib. R. Ishwari. J. Politics in Pre-Mughal Times. Nath. Mughal Court. Cultural Heritage of Pakistan. R. . Ibn Hasan. Topa.13 Hussaini. S.Q.

Allahabad Address. Rajagopalachari Formula. economic and religious struggle of the Muslims of South Asia under the British Raj. Jinnah’s Fourteen Points. The last Viceroy: Lord Mountbatten and the transfer of Power in India . the Two-Nation Theory which is essential to create a sense of Pakistani Nationalism. Cabinet Mission Plan. Wavell Plan. Lahore Resolution. Partition of Bengal. complex and painful era of the Muslims of South Asia. 2. India came under the British. They achieved Pakistan in 1947 but at a very high price of life & property. Aims & Objectives: After completing this course. Cripps Proposals. 3rd June Plan. Simla Deputation. a triangular struggle ensued after 1857 which culminated in the freedom of India.14 COURSE HIS/504 MUSLIM STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE (1858-1947) 1. Allama Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam. only because they wished to have an Islamic state. Gandhi – Jinnah Talks. Therefore. 3. After one thousand years’ Muslim rule. Brief Description: The purpose of the course is to discuss political. HinduMuslim tangle sharpened to such an extent that the Muslims demanded a separate homeland of Pakistan. Contents: Aligarh Movement. All India Muslim League. constitutional. students will be able to understand: origin and outcome of the Muslim struggle for Pakistan the role of Muslim leaders such as Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. The struggle for Pakistan is one of the most complicated. Nehru Report. Congress Ministries. Khilafat movement Simon Report.

1967. . A Political Biography. A. Basic Readings: Qureshi. Towards Pakistan. Qalb-i-Abid. Lahore. Pirzada. Karachi. History of Freedom Movement. Philipps.15 4. Oxford University Press. Additional Readings: Abdul Hamid. -----------. Waheed uz Zaman. 1942. Pakistan Historical Society. Middle Phase of Struggle for Pakistan. Aziz. 1968. ---------------. 1939. --------------------. 1967. Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. 1940. 1937. Karachi. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Keith. CH. Select Document on the Evolution of India and Pakistan. Muslim Separatism in India 1858-1947. Making of Pakistan. Muslim Politics in Punjab 1921-1947.B.K. Syed. 1976.A. Lahore. Lahore. Jamil ud Din.H. Life and Works of Ameer Ali. 4 Vols. (1857-1947) Shan Muhammad. Ahmad. Emergence of Pakistan. 1957. B. Constitutional History of India. Early Phase of Struggle for Pakistan. A History of the Idea of Pakistan. --------------------. Chaudhari Muhammad Ali. Sharifuddin. Sharif-al-Mujahid. Struggle for Pakistan.K. 3 Vols.Muslim Struggle for Independence from Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Karachi. Religious Thoughts of Sayyid Ahmed Khan. Dar. I. Evolution of Pakistan. 3 Vols. Oxford. Allama G. 1965. Documents of Pakistan Movement.Jinnah: Second World War and the Pakistan Movement. 5.

Quaid-i-Azam As Governor General. Aims & Objectives: After completing this course. • Legal Framework order. Causes of Martial Law of 1958. The aim of the course is to acquaint the students with the nature and direction of the constitutional and political developments in Pakistan. Ayub Khan’s Era. 2. Major Political Parties. • Pakistan Muslim League. • General Elections 1970. • Anti-Bhutto Movement: Causes of his fall. Yahya Khan’s Regime. Muhammad. the students will be able to: Understand the constitutional and political issues and problems and the causes of the dilemma of parliamentary democracy in Pakistan. . A special focus shall be on the role of the political leadership and that of militarybureaucratic leadership in the political institutionalization in Pakistan. where parliamentary democracy is yet to be established on firm footing. • Mutahida Qaumi Movement. Contents: Early Problems of Pakistan. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s Period. Zia-ul-Haq’s Era. • Major policies and Reforms. • Political Development. • Development of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy. • Jamat-i-Islami. Working of the Constitution of 1956. Revival of Democracy: 1988-1999. State and Politics in Pakistan. 4. • Pakistan People’s Party. Comprehend the working of the administrative and political machinery Analyze the security dilemmas of Pakistan 3. Basic Readings: Waseem. has been facing constant political and constitutional crises. • Constitutional Measures. Brief Description: Pakistan. Foreign Policy. Therefore. Constitution – Making 1947-1956. Interim Constitutional Set-up.16 COURSE HIS/505 GOVERNMENT & POLITICS IN PAKISTAN (1947-1999) 1. Separation of East Pakistan: Causes and Effects. since its birth. • Determinants of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy. it is important to study the constitutional and political developments in Pakistan.

1970.W. Binder. Chaudhary. Ziring. Pakistan: A Political Study. 5. Lahore: National Book Service.17 Rizvi. 1991. Gauhar. Leonard. Karachi: Space Publishers. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical & Cultural Research. Lahore: Progressive Publishers. Political Parties in Pakistan: 1947-58 (3 Vols. 1987. 1988. . London: Oxford University Press. The Military and Politics in Pakistan: 1947-86. M. The Military and Politics in Pakistan: 1947-86. Mushtaq. 1972. Pakistan in the 20th Century: A Political History. 1986. New York: Columbia University Press. Ahmad. 1980. Ziring. Government & Politics. Berkeley: California University Press. Keith. Hassan Askari. Party Politics in Pakistan: 1947-58. Aziz. Laurence. The State of Martial Rule: The Origins of Pakistan’s Political Economy of Defense. London Allen & Unwin. Lawrence. Ayesha. 1961. Rounaq. Sayeed. Lahore: Progressive Publishers. Ayub Khan: Pakistan’s First Military Rulers. 1976. K. Callard. Religion and Politics in Pakistan. Additional Readings: Afzal. New York: Institute of Pacific Relations. Altaf. Herbert. Hassan Askari. 1993. Boulder: Dowson Western. The Political System of Pakistan. 1959. Khalid Bin. Constitutional Development in Pakistan. Jalal. 1967.) Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research. 1987. Lahore: Sang-eMeel Publications. Lahore: Vanguard. Rizvi. Jahan. Pakistan’s Failure in National Integration. K. G. Rafique. A Constitution of Pakistan. 1957. Feldmen. Pakistan: The Enigma of Political Development.

their origin and invasion of India. Bhddha. origin and growth. The Caste system.A. Causes of its spread and decline. Ancient History of India . Hindu Renaissance. Special study of Moenjodaro and Harrapa. Buddhist Art and culture. Kanishka. The Wonder that was India. Character and administration The Huns. 3. It deals with the Indus Valley Civilization and its landmarks and then also focuses on the origin and development of three important religions of the world: Hinduism. Greek Art and culture. Literature and science. Economic conditions and Art. spready of Jaiinism. The Gupta Empire. V. HISTORY PART II GROUP A INDO-PAKISTAN HISTORY GROUP Course HIS/601 Ancient India 1. their society. students will be able to: Appreciate the achievements of one of the oldest civilization of the world—Indus Valley—and its relevance to today’s world. The Kushana power. their origin and migration. Causes of Downfall. cultural and economic conditions and institutions of Hinduism. Life and teachings of Mahavira.18 DETAILED OUTLINE OF COURSES OF M. It also discusses religio-political history and social conditions of the people of this period. Jain Art and culture.L. life and teachings of Gautma Buddha. Buddhism. special study of The Gandhara Art. 4. Indus Valley Civilization. Early Vedic civilization and culture The Epic age.A. Greek invasion and its impact upon the sub-continent. Contents: Sources of early Indian History. religion and culture. The historical value of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Brief Description: The course deals with the pre-Muslim period of Indo-Pakistan history. Basic Readings: Basham . Jainism and Buddhism. A. Hindu society before Gautama. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. Art. Understand the socio-political and religious conditions of the people. Jainism. 2. merits and demerits. The Aryan occupation of India. Rise of Hindu Shahia power. The Mauryan Empire and its administrative system. social. Harsha Vardhana. Sumandra Gupta). (Chandra Gupta. Golden Age. Smith. Asoka and the growth of Budhism. Develop a background for the later developments in India.

Sir Mortimar The History of Aryan Rule in India. T. Baksi Stein. Keay. Hutton.B. V. Smith. Asoka Ancient Culture and Civilization A History of India Buddhism The Illustrated Guide History of Ancient India Ancient India Indus Valley Civilization . John Mackay.V. & S. Stuart Rapson.S. R.19 5. Burton.R. and S. P. Oursel Piggott. Sreen. E.B. Sarkar. J. Cook(eds.A. I India through the Ages.H.R. Paul-Masson. The Caste in India India Discovered: Recovery of the Lost Civilization Indus Civilization Men and Thought in Ancient India Ancient India and Indian civilization Prehistoric India. E.N. Ernest Mukerjee. Additional Readings: Bapat. J. The Cambridge History of India.) The Cambridge Ancient History Havell. Kevin Tripathi. 2500 Years of Buddhism Bury. Trainor. J. R.A. Veda Vyasa Wheeler. J.K. Vol.

Arab Rule and Administration. reforms. conquests. Tughluq Nama. Firuz Shah: Administrative reforms. 2. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. Deccan Policy. Jalal-ud-Din Khalji: conquests. Ala ud Din Khalji: conquests. Disintegration of the Tughluq dynasty. Conquest of Sind. his viewes regarding state and religion. causes of his death. Qutbud-Din Mubarak Shah. his character. Razia Sultana. Consolidation of Muslim power under Iltutmish. Contents: Sources: • Qazi Minhaj Siraj Tabaqat-e-Nasiri • Zia ud Din Barani • Amir Khusrau • Yahya Bin Ahmad Sirhindi • Naimat Ullah Harwi Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi Khazain-ul-Futuh. rebellions. religious views and relations with Ulema and Mashaikh. achievements and character. Miftah-ul-Futuh. Mongol invasions. The Slave Dynasty: Qutb-ud-Din Aibek. his estimate as a man and as a King. The Khaljis: Khalji Revolution and its significance. Muhammad Bin Tughluq: His projects. Tarikh-e-Mubarak Shahi. character. achievements. his estimate. views of the contemporary writers. administrative reforms and estimate of Balban. Military and Civil administration. character and estimate. economic reforms. The course also focuses on the political theories of the Sultan. Amir Timur's Invasion and its Impact. Brief Description: The course deals with the foundation of Muslim rule and the political and administrative developments in the Delhi Sultanate.20 Course HIS/602 MUSLIM RULE IN INDIA (712-1526) 1. coupled with their administrative styles and socio-religious ideas. Balban: his theory of Kingship and principles of Government. the students will be able to: Understand the politics and administration of the Delhi Sultans Appreciate the problems faced by the nascent Muslim population in a Hindu dominated region Comprehend the political theories and administrative ideals of the Sultans of Delhi 3. Khusrau Khan and end of the Khalji dynasty. . Makhzan-e-Afghani • Ibn Battutah Rahila-i-Ibn Battutah. The Tughluqs: Ghias-ud-Din Tughluq: consolidation of the Sultanate. Nuh Sipihr. Mongol policy. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud.

History of Muslim Civilization. Mahmud of Ghazna. I. Qureshi. Basic Reading: Aziz Ahmad . Ikram. character.M.. The Administration of the Sultanate of Delhi. Relations of Delhi Sultans with nonMuslims. K. A. his struggle with Sharqi dynasty of Jaunpur. Ibrahim Lodhi. K. his character. Wolseley (ed.21 The Sayyids: The Political conditions in Indo-Pakistan in the early fifteenth century.M. Nazim. Additional Readings: Ashraf. Mubarak Shah and his achievements. Literature. Life and Works of Amir Khursau. Agha Mehdi. Sikandar Lodhi and the consolidation of the Delhi Sultanate. III. Art and Architecture. 4. Trade and Commerce. Lal. Muhammad. Haig. Relations of the Delhi Sultans with the Abbasid Caliphate. The Foundation of Muslim Rule in India. Waheed. The Political History and Institutions of the Early Turkish Empire of Delhi. Administration and Culture: Central and provincial administration. History of the Khaljis. Historians of Medieval India. Khizr Khan and his efforts to establish himself. Hasan. Hardy. Habibullah.B. P. The Lodhis: Early career of Bahlul Lodhi. Education. the role of Sufis of Chistia and Suharwardiya orders during the Sultanate period. S.) Cambridge History of India Vol. fall of the Sayyid dynasty. Muhammad. Life and Conditions of the People of Hindustan.H. his conflict with Umara. Mirza. . an estimate. Economic System. judicial system. The Tughluq Dynasty. Mongol invasions and their impact. 5. first Battle of Panipat.M. Causes of the downfall of the Delhi Sultanate. conquests. Army Organization. S. administrative reforms and his estimate. Socio-economic conditions.

Petticoat government. SHER SHAH & HIS SUCCESSORS: Sher Shah. his literary taste and character. his character. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. HAMAYUN : His difficulties. the students will be able to: Understand the nature of politics and administration of the Mughals Comprehend the political theories and administrative ideals of the Mughal Emperors Appreciate the nature and significance of revivalist movements during the Mughal Era 3. his conquests. his character. 2. policy towards the Deccan States.22 Course HIS/603 The Great Mughals (1526-1707) 1. and its significance. relations with Rajputs. AKBAR : His early life. Islam Shah Suri: his character and achievements. reestablishment of the Mughal rule. This course will also discuss the administrative and cultural advancements made during the Mughal rule. Brief Description: The course focuses on an in-depth study of the Mughal rule. study of Tuzuk-i-Baburi. Din-i-llahi or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. relations with the Safavids. the First Battle of Panipat. Iqbal Nama-i-Jahangiri by Mutamad Khan Padshah Nama by Abdul Hamid Lahori. The policies pursued by different monarchs and their impact will be dealt with in detail. Abdul Haq Muhaddis . Contents: Sources: • • • • Tuzuk-i-Baburi by Babur. • • BABUR: His career in Central Asia. exile and re-conquest of India. reforms and administration. social. his religious views. Causes of the downfall of the Suri dynasty. Ma'asir-i-Alamgiri by Muhammad Saqi Mustaid Khan. Ubaidullah Uzbek. economic and political conditions of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent on the eve of Babur's invasion. Akbar Nama by Abul Fazl. second Battle of Panipat and its significance. battles of Chausa and Qanauj. reaction by the Ulema and Mashaikh like Mujaddid Alf-i-Sani. his other conquests in India. Relations with the Rajputs. his conquests. rise to power. his difficulties in the North West. His rivals: Shaibani Khan. Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh by Abdul Qadir Badayuni. wars with Bahadur Shah and Sher Khan.

P. war of succession between his sons. relations with Rajputs. I. SHAH JAHAN : Early life. S. his religious views. measures taken to enforce Shari'at.A. Aurangzeb and his times. . AURANGZEB : His career as prince. Sher Shah History of the Afghans in India. Mahdavi Movement. Jujhar Singh. his attitude towards the Portuguese and the English. Richards. History of Aurangzeb. administrative reforms. Ghori. his character. Rahim. Zaheer ud Din.23 Delhavi and others. Lamb. Ikram. War of Succession between the Sons of Shah Jahan. relations with the Safavids and the problems of Qandahar. Sarkar. J. History of Muslim Civilization in India and Pakistan. conquests. relations with Rajputs. attitude towards non-Muslims. his estimate. Beni. E. his character and estimate. Central Asian policy. Conquests. ----------------------------. conquests in Bengal. Additional Readings: Akbar.) Cambridge History of India Vol. his Deccan Policy. The Deccan Policy of the Mughals. study of Tuzuk-iJahangiri. revolts of Khurram and Mahabat Khan. Ali.M. his Deccan Policy. N. Khan. Mughal-Safavid relations. History of Jahangir. Iranian influence in Mughal India. administrative reforms. Sikhs and the Marathas. M. Nur Jahan and her Junta. Faruki. J. JAHANGIR : Early life.P. Basic Reading: Haig. Zulfiqar. 4. His accession. his study as an engineer King. Mughal-Safavid relations. Babur. A detailed study of Dara Shikoh. rebellions of Khan Jahan Lodi. Saksena.A. the Afghan Revolt. B. Harold Prasad. The Tiger. relations with Rajputs. Sher Shah. Yar Muhammad. Jagat Singh. Punjab under the Mughals. Findly. IV. revolts of the Jats and Satnamis. Administrative Reforms. His relations with the Portuguese. Campaigns in the Deccan. his character and estimate of his achievements. Wolseley (ed. relations with Foreign Muslim Governments. B. attitude towards the Portuguese. 5. Mewar and Kangra. Muhammad. The Mughal Empire. Qanungo. his literary taste and other habits. History of the Shah Jahan of Delhi. Nur Jahan: Empress of Mughal India.

A. Akbar. Rushbrook. Williams. An Empire Builder of the Sixteenth Century.24 Smith. . V. the Great Mughal.

Additional Readings: . Aims & Objectives: After completing this course. Titu Mir and Fariazi Movement. 2.J. Satish. 1957. the students will be able: Comprehend the dynamics and complexities of Mughal downfall Understand the ways and means of colonial and regional powers to establish their rule Analyze the causes of failure of revivalist and resistance movements 3. • War of Independence 1857. The causes of the downfall and the resultant institutional breakdown have been discussed. Marshall. Brief Description: The course deals with the period of decline of the Mughal Empire. Parties and Politics at the Mughal Court. The Muslim revivalist and resistance movements have also been highlighted in this course. 2003. Intellectual and Literary Developments 4. • Syed Ahmed Shaheed and the Jihad Movement. P. Basic Readings: Chandra. it also focuses on the new regional and foreign powers which were expanding their influence. Eighteenth Century in Indian History: Evolution or Revolution? New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Contents: Sources: • Khafi Khan Muntakhib-ul-Lubab • Muqarrab Khan Bahadur Shah Nama • Muhammad Qasim Ibrat Ibrat Nama • Muhammad Ali Panipati Tarikh-I-Muzaffari • Khair-ud-Din Allahabadi Ibrat Nama • Ghulam Husain Tabatabai Siyarul Mutakhirin Imperial Politics of the Mughals 1707-1857 Theories of Mughal Downfall • Degeneration of Muslim Character • Factional Feuds of Mughal Nobility • Crisis of Mansabdari System • Great Firms and Financial Upheaval • British Technological Superiority Growth of Independent and Semi-Independent States Deccan—Bengal—Oudh—Punjab—Rohilkhand East India Company and Establishment of Colonial Rule Clive—Hastings—Cornwallis—Wellesley—Dalhousie Revivalist and Resistance Movements • Shah Wali Ullah and his family. 5.25 Course HIS/604 Later Mughals & British India (1707-1857) 1. • Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan. 1707-1740. • Haji Shariat Ullah. However. Aligarh.

(ed. 1720-1801. Percival. Later Mughals. Ralph & Khurshidul Islam. Gupta. Socio-Economic Crisis in the 18th Century. Vol XXXV. Spear. New Delhi. No. Karachi. Lahore. Sauda. Barnett. 2002. 9 No. pp. Twilight of the Mughals: Studies in Late Mughal Delhi. 1997. Vol. The Journal of Asian Studies. 1968.A. Lahore. C. Crisis of the Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh & the Punjab. II. 1963. 1707-0748.2). 1944. A Bio-Bibliographical Survey of Persian Literature. Husain. -----------------. Hasan. M. 1928. pp. ----------------. Canberra.and Sanjay Subrahmanyam. Delhi. Singh.d. ---------------------. Bombay.221-35. Vol. --------------. Ali. Irfan (ed. British in India. Pearson. Ashraf. 1965. Khan. 1980. Rulers. Lockhart. Alam. Jadunath. Cambridge.A. Mir Hasan. P. S. 1938. Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (The New Cambridge History of India. . Storey. K. Life and Conditions of the People of Hindustan. Shah Wali Ullah and His times. 1951.) The Mughal State 1526-1750. Cambridge. M. 1998. Athar Abbas. 1975.E. Shah Abdul Aziz and His times. Rizvi.” Modern Asia Studies. London. 2000.N. “The Passing of Empire: The Mughal Case. Townsmen and Bazaars : north Indian Society in the age of British expansion. Canberra. 3.) Confronting Colonialism: Resistance & Modernization under Haider Ali & Tipu Sultan. 1995. Later Mughal History of the Punjab. Indian Muslim Perceptions of the West during the Eighteenth Century. Iqtida. C. Habib. “Shivaji and the Decline of the Mughal Empire”. First Nizam: The Life & Times of Nizam-ul-Mulk Asafjah I. 1977.Gulfishan. Malik. 2. London. Athar. Cambridge. Delhi 1986. n. Yusuf. Hari Ram. Delhi.M. Bombay. Three Mughal Poets: Mir. 1970. Bayly. The Mughal Nobility under Aurangzeb. Ganda.385-396. Muzaffar. Richard B. 1959. Ahmad Shah Durrani. 1976. 1983. the Mughals & the British. 1707-1793. Roberts. Nadir Shah. Fall of the Mughal Empire. 1983. Zahir-ud-din. Irvine. Russell. North India between Empires: Awadh.26 Abbas. Later Mughals & Urdu Literature. New Delhi: 1987. Sarkar. Oxford. William. Ali. Lahore. The Reign of Muhammad Shah. London. Lahore.

R. M. Mian Fazl-i-Hussain and National Unionist Party. I Chaudhary Afzal Haq Tarikh-i-Ahrar. His Contribution as Provincial Minister and Muslim Leader. National Documentation Center. Land Alienation Act. Aims & Objectives: After completing this course. Ikram Ali A Book of Readings on History of the Punjab (1799-1947). Relations with Muslim League. Hamari qaumi jidd-o-jihad. Tracing its history from the foundation of Muslim rule in this region. 3. Lahore. Radcliffe Award. Students and other Sections. Downfall of the Sikhs and the British Annexation. Masjid Shaheed Ganj Agitation. events and effects. Press. Appreciate the role played by different groups and parties for creating political and intellectual awareness in the Punjab. it Success in the Elections of 1946. 1938-1939 and 1940-1942. Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s Role in Punjab Politics. Role of Political Leaders. Demands by non-Muslims. Anti-Rowlatt Act Agitation. Political Ideas and Role. Ranjit Singh. ----------------------. Brief Survey of Sultanate and Mughal periods. . 4. The Punjab Under the Mughals. 5. administration. attitude towards non-Sikhs. Punjab Provincial Muslim League: Early History (1907-1917). Brief Description: The course deals with the history of the rich and fertile region of the Punjab. Khaksar Tehrik: Objectives. H. Sikandar-Jinnah Pact. Jallianwala Bagh Tradgey-causes. Ashiq Hasain Batalvi. Studies in Later Mughal History of the Punjab (1707-1793) Hussain.27 Course HIS/605 The Punjab in Modern Times 1. Basic Reading: Malik. Their Impact on Socio-Economic Conditions. Programme. it focuses on the developments in modern times. Rise of the Sikhs. Political Unrest. A Brief Study of Punjab Branch of Indian National Congress and Akali Dal. Partition of the Punjab: Background. Azeem Sir Fazl-i-Hussain: Political Biography. The Partition of the Punjab Vol. Muslim League’s Stand. Majlis-i-Ahrar: Foundation. the students will be able to: Know the historical development of the Punjab from medieval to modern times. Ulama and Mashaikh. Contents: Foundation of Muslim Rule. Understand the dynamics of the politics of the region during the colonial period. Khizar Hayat’s Relations with Muslim League and his Expulsion. Additional Readings: Akbar. particularly its role in the Pakistan Movement. foreign policy. Reorganization of Muslim League in the Punjab. Downfall of Muslim rule. Iqbal Kay Aakhri Do Saal. Gupta. Clash with Police in 1940 and Political Role. 2. Sikandar Hayat Khan’s Premiership.

History of the Punjab from the Remotest Antiquity to the Present Time.28 Hussain.M. Khushwant Syed Nur Ahmad. Vol. Syed Shabbir Kanhiyya Lal Khilnani. Iftikhar H. Latif. O’ Dwyer. Al-Mashriqi – The Disowned Genius. Tarikh-i-Lahore. I India as I knew it (1885-1925). Malik. Sikander-Jinnah Pact aur Punjab ki Muslim Siyasat 1937-39. The Punjab under the Lawrences. Father and Daughter. Sikander Hayat Khan – A Political Biography. Qalb-i-Abid. M. . S. Shahnawaz. Malik. Jahan Ara Singh. A History of the Sikhs. Tarikh-i-Punjab. Marshall Law Say Marshall Law Tak. 2 Vols. Sir Michael. N. Muslim Politics in the Punjab 1921-47. Ikram Ali --------------------.

Judiciary and Military System. • Administration: Central and Provincial Administration of the Umayyads. • Abu Jafar al-Mansur: His Political Policy. Music. • Marwan: Battle of Marij-e-Rahit. After the end of Pious Caliphate. Administrative Policy. • Walid: His Conquests and their Effects. • Culture: Literature. His Estimate. Its Effects on Islamic History. Architecture. Contents: Umayyad Caliphate: • Amir Muawiya: Domestic and Foreign policy. they laid the foundations of intellectual and cultural effervescence of Islamic civilization. Abbasid Caliphate: • Abbasides and their Movement. this course also deals with the administrative setup and political ideals of the ruling families. Brief Description: The period of Umayyads and Abbasid dynasty is the classical period of Islamic History. His Estimate. Internal Policy and Character. Character of Abbasides. 3. • Relations of the Umayyads with the Western World. • Caliph Al-Saffah: His Character and Rule. • Hasham: His Literary Taste. His Character and Achievements. Resistance of Hazrat Imam Hussain and the Tragedy of Karbala. Character and Achievements. the students will be to: Understand the transformation from Khilafat-e-Rashida to autocratic / monarchical system of government. Abdullah bin Zubair & his Rule and Character. Comprehend the administrative setup and expansionist policies pursued by the Umayyads & Abbasides. Besides studying cultural and intellectual currents of the period. His Accession. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. • Causes of the Decline of the Umayyad Rule. their Accession to Power. 2. • Abdul Malik: Consolidation of his Power. • Sulaiman: His Character and Achievements. Appreciate the religio-political trends and cultural and intellectual developments of the period. Consolidation of Power and Administration. His Character. Education. . His Character and Administrative Reforms. • Tragedy of Karbala: Nomination of Yazid and His Autocratic Rule.29 GROUP B ISLAMIC HISTORY GROUP Course HIS/606 UMAYYADS & ABBASIDES 1. Administrative and Religious Reforms. His Internal Policy and Consolidation of Power. • Hazrat Umar Bin Abdul Aziz: His Early Life. • Mehdi: Emergence of the Zindiqs.

Franz. Judiciary and Military Systems. Holt. Music. Character and Achievement. • Cause of the Downfall of the Abbasids. M. Additional Readings: Ameer Ali. • Al-Mutawakkel: Relations with the Turks.M. Hourani. S. • Relations of the Abbasides with the West. Paintings Culture. Syed. Montgomery. Character. Siddiqi. Basic Reading: b. Murder of Ahmad bin Nasr. Imamuddin. Albert. Mahmud. Rise of the Turks. Watt. • Architecture. • Al-Wathiq: Revolt of the Arabs. Intellectual Development. Wellhausen. Amir Hasan. M. P. S. • Role of the Buwaihids and the Seljuqs. Aslam. • The Mutazillites and Asharites. J. F.30 • Harun-ur-Rashid: Barmaki Family. a. Art. Its Rise and Fall. • Central and Provincial Administration. His Religions Policy. • Al-Mutasim: Mutazilites and Tussle with Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal. Rostenthal. . The Spirit of Islam Muslim Conduct of State Cambridge History of Islam A History of Arab People A Political History of the Muslims A Short History of Islam The Classical Heritage in Islam Cultural Centres of Islam The Majesty That was Islam Arab Empire and its Fall.

Spain under Muslim governments. Military Organization and Wars. Rebellion in Toledo. Abdur Rahman III: Restoration of Law and Order. Decline and Fall of the Umayyads of Spain. Public Libraries. Civil Wars. Scholarly Persuits. His Character and Achievements. His Army and Navy. Development of Architecture. Character and Achievements. Cultural and Literary Activities. Muhammad I: Position of the Non-Muslims. His Court and Wars with the Christians. Relations with North Africa. University of Cordova. Attempt at Expansion of Muslim Borders. 3. Wars and Rebellions. Have an in-depth study of the causes and effects of the defeat and banishment of Muslims from Spain. the Causes of Muslim Success. Understand the political ideals and administrative style of the rulers of Muslim Spain. Later Umayyads: Rise of Hajib al-Mansur. Administration and Achievements. His Character and Achievements. MUSLIM RULE IN SPAIN Brief Description: This course deals with the golden period of Muslim civilization in the west.31 COURSE: HIS/607 1. Foreign Policy. Hisham I: Internal policy. Abdur Rahman I: His Character and Achievements. the student will be able to: Appreciate the richness of Muslim Culture and intellectual effervescence. Abdur Rahman II: His Character and Achievements. the Title of Caliph. 2. Achievements. Growth of Maliki Ugh Hakam I: His Relations with Theologians. Administration of Spain under the Umayyads. Rebellions of Ibn Marwan and Ibn Hafsun. Hakam III: Frontier Policy. It focuses on the intellectual and cultural developments of Muslim Spain and highlights the causes of their downfall and banishment from Europe. Patron of Arts and Letters. Tribal and Racial Jeopardy. Relations with the Christians and the Fatimids. Rise of the Banu Qais in Saragossa. . Prosperity and Growth of Culture. Relations with Countries and the Theologians. Contents: Spain at the Advent of Muslim Conquest. Aims and Objectives: After studying this course.

His Sussessors. Andalus . ---------------. Dacca. J. Banu Hud of Saragossa. Hurlimann. ---------------. 1968. North African Rule: Murabitin. Expulsion of Muslims from Spain and its Effects. Art. London. I960. Additional Readings: Hole. . Spain. M. Mamluks of South East Spain. Their Struggle against the Christians. the Causes of the Downfall of Muslims in Spain. Dacca. London. Banu Abbad of Saville. Edwyn. 1935. London.The Economic History of Spain. His Buildings. Character and Achievements. A Political History of Spain. The Splendour of Moorish Spain. Calvert. Their Decline and Fall. Architecture and Learning. The Nasirid Dynasty: Career of Muhammad I. F.A Cultural History of Spain. 1906.Spain under the Muslims. 4. McCable. Structure of government and administration. Alhamra. Architecture and Science. Eminent Scholars including Historians. Al-Muwahiddin. Moorish Remains in Spain. Muslim rule in Spain and its Contribution to various Fields of Arts. Basic Reading: 5. 1963. Dacca. Imam-ud-Din. A. Banu Dhu'al-Num of Toledo. London.32 Petty Dynasties: Banu Hamud and Banu Ziri of Granada.

growth and decline of this Empire. Contents: Advent of Ottoman Turks in Anatoia and foundation of the Empire by Osman. Eastern Question. Urdu Dairah Ma’rif-i-Islamia. Foundation of the Ottoman Empire. Sulaiman the Magnificent : His achievements and administration. Later Sultans : This period will be studied under the following heads: Different Reforms. The study of administrative structures and cultural achievements of the Ottomans is a special feature of this course. Additional Readings: Harold Lamb Suleman the Magnificent. H. Stanford J. Gibbsons. Muhammad I : Consolidation of the Empire. 1. Muhammad II : Conquest of Constantinople. Establishment of the Khilafat. Muhammad Aziz. Understand the achievements of the Ottomans in the fields of education. the students will be able to: Comprehend the territorial growth and political developments in the Ottoman Empire. 1707-1740. 1. Lavender The Struggle for the Ottoman Empire. Ezel Kural. Central and Provincial Administration Causes of the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. University of the Punjab.33 Course HIS/608 The Ottoman Empire (1288-1924) Brief Description: Being placed at the center of the three continents of the world – Asia. . Tarkan-i-Usmania. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey Daulat-i-Usmania 4. Young Turks Movement. Murad I : Battle of Kasowa. Cassels. art and culture Appreciate their military and naval administration and achievements 2. Bayazid Yildirim: Battle of Angora. Salim I : Conquest of the Middle East. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. Peter Mansfield The Ottoman Empire and its Successors. Basic Readings: Shaw. Aurkhan : Establishment of the Empire. The course deals with the origin. & Shaw. A. Africa and Europe – the Ottoman Empire occupied a special place in Islamic history. Muhammad Aziz. 3.

For a Pakistani student. the segthious. India and China. It had been a hunting ground for two great powers of the 19th century i.34 Course HIS/609 Central Asia 1. Culture and Science • The Ghaznavid Dynasty • The Seljuks and their Contributions Mongol Invasion and Chengiz Khan: Impact on the Region. Brief Introduction: Central Asia has played a vital role in history of the world. Much has world’s ancient history originated in central Asia for it was the birthplace of the great warrior tribes which conquered Russia. 2. 3. Appreciate the socio-cultural and religious contributions of Central Asia. The long era of Russian– Soviet rule drastically changed the society and culture of Central Asia. Aims & Objectives: After studying this course. Contents: Early Period • The land and the people • Early nomadic tribes and their Origin • Geo-Strategic Significance of the Region • The saka Tuiles. the students will be able to: Understand the nature of the historical development of Central Asia. the Parthian the Persian rule and sarramids • Alexander the Great and the Greek rule • Religious Trends and Spread of Budhism • Arrival of the Huns and Turkic Tribes Islamic Period • Early Invasions of the Arabs. economic and political relations between Central Asia and Indian sub-continent. to study Central Asia is important because of close historical. religious. Bukhara and Koband • Characteristics and Nature of the Era Russian Advance in Central Asia • Causes and aims of the Russian expansion • Causes of the Russian success • Socio-economic political and religious conditions of Central Asia under Russian • The Great Grace in the 19th century . Understand the geo-strategic significance of the region particularly from a Pakistani perspective. Since the break up of USSR. Arab rule in Farbeaund Valley • Religious Socio-cultural Transformation of Central Asia under the Arabs • Samanid Rule and their Contributions in Art. Amir Timur and Timurid Dynasty Decline of the Muslim Rule • Shaybani Uzbeks • The Khannates of Khiva. sociocultural. Europe. Russia and Britain. Central Asian republics have gained their independence.e.

A Cultural History (USA: Hooner Institution Press. • Sovietization of Central Asia • The socio-cultural transformation of Central Asia. Russian Central Asia: A study in Colonial Rule (Berkely California University Press 1960 Rawlinson. I. Iran Pakistan. 1989) Maruat.F. etc. Fabled Cities of Central Asia:Samarkand Bukhora Khiva (New York: Abbemille Press 1989) Mamz.A. R. 1985 Philips. Tamerlance the Earth Shaker (Delhi Deep Publications 1989 Lecus. H. B. The Modern Uzbeks: From Fourteenth century to the Present. • Socio-cultural. A. A. R. M. England and Russian in the East: the Political and Geographical condition of Central Asia (London 1875) Reprinted by Indus publications Karachi Runder. 1990) Central Asia: A century of Russian Rule New York: 1967) Baily. F. 1990) Hopkin. Russia. P.R. The Resurgence of Central Asia: Islam or Nationalism (London: Oxford University Press.H. USA. B. 1992 Magawan. 1965 Pierce.35 • Résistance against Russian rule and the nationalist movement Soviet Era • Bolshevik revolution (1947) and the response of Central Asia the Jadid movement and the Basmachi movement. Post-Independence Scenario • Disintegration f USSR and the Independence and formation of commonwealth of Independent states (CIS) • New Great Game: role of Turkey. E. Mission to Taskent (England: Oxford University Press. Sketches of Central Asia (London: 1968) .M. 1995) Dani. R Geographic Perspectives on Soviet Central Asia (London: Routledge. F. Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union(London: Kegan Paul International. The Soviet Union and the Muslim world: 1917-1985 (USA University of Wessington Press . S. 1992 Hamlly. What is Asia to us: Russia in Asian Heartbud Yesterday and Today (London Uncuin Hyman. Central Asia Today. political and religious problems of the new republics. • Economic prospects and regional co-operation: ECO 5. The Great Game (London: John Murray Lamb H. The Royal Hordes Novad peoples of the Steppes (London: Thames and Hudson. Allworth. 1959) Vambery. 1983). 6. Ganin: Central Asia (London: 1969 Hauner. The rise and rule of Toumerlane (UK: Candide University Press. Basic Readings Rashid. Ahmad. The basemachi movement in Soviet Central Asia (Karachi Enjoy Books. Additional Reading Ahinar. Soviet Central Asia: a tragic experiment (London University Hyman Press 1889) Spectpr.D. E. Afghanistan.

Understand the foreign relations of different states in the Middle East with other powers of the region and with the great powers. . Reforms of Raza Shah Pahlavi. The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936. 3.36 Course HIS/610 CONTEMPORARY MIDDLE EAST (Turkey. Egypt. Saudi Arabia & Palestine) 1. Discovery of oil in Saudi Kingdom. Iran and the great powers. Modern Turkey under Kamal Ata Turk. Ata Turk’s domestic and foreign policy. The Arab League. Its importance lies not just because of its strategic location but also due to its economic potential and the character of its politics. Great Powers Rivalry in the Middle East. The Kamalist Revolution and Reforms of Mustafa Kamal Pasha. Western imperialism and the Construction of Aswan Dam. rather interference. Iran under Raza Shah. Contents: World interests in the Middle East. Ibn-e-Saud: His character and achievements. Rise of Ibn-e-Saud as the King of Saudi Arabia. Turkey. Iran. 2. This course deals with the developments in the modern Middle East. King Faisal’s domestic and foreign policy. Struggle for independence and the Rise of nationalism in Egypt (1924-1936). Muhammad Mussaddiq. Brief Description: Middle East is one of the most important regions of the world. The Revolution of 1952. Western imperialism in Iran Nationalism and the nationalization of oil in Iran by Dr. Comprehend the political and socio-economic character of the region. Raza Shah’s Domestic and foreign policy. The Middle East First World War and the Peace Conferences. The Palestine problem. of great powers in the region has made it a hub of international politics. Turkey under Ismat Inonu. Aims and Objectives: After studying this course the students will be able to : Develop a background for understanding the dynamics of internal politics of important states of Middle East. Rise of Faisal in Saudi Arabia. Egypt and Iran during the 2nd World War. The interest.

1984. Sydney Nettleton Fisher. Vatikiotis. 1945-1955 London 1982. Nicholas. Hasou. Zbignew Brezinski. 1972. A Concise History of the Middle East. 1959. The United Nations As a Political Institution. London. The Middle East: A History. United Arab Republic (UAR). 1989. New York. 1976 Evan Luard. Pan-Movements in the Third World. Robert Donaldson (ed). London 1969. 1978. H. Leaders. Patricia Auderheide. Unity and diversity in the Middle Eastern Politics. 1986. London. New Jersey. Ashton. S. Lahore. Soviet Leader. W. Egypt. London. Years of Upheaval. Gamal Abdul Nasir’s New Egypt. 1974. United States Soviet Relations. London. Anthony Eden: A Biography. Power and Principle. Sussex. 1976. David Hirst and Irene Beeson. Tawfig Y. The Arab-Israeli conflict: readings and Documents Abridges and Revised Edition. London. Edy Kaufman. Nasser’s New Egypt. The Struggle for the Arab World: Egypt Nasser and the Arab League. Raymond Flower. London. London. State. Roger Owen. New York. The Challenge of Peace. 1981. Napoleon to Nasser: The Story of Modern Egypt London. Westview Press. Anwar Sadat. H. Longman. In Search of Détente. The nationalization of Suez Canal. 1973 Karl Ryavec. The Memoirs of Richard Nixon. R. American Society for International Law Princeton. 1981. London. USA 1979 David Carlton. 1982. Arthur Goldsehmidt. 1992. Richard Nixon. Basic Readings: Lenczowski. Inside The Middle East. The Middle East in World Affairs. Degenhardt. . George. London. Berkeley. Richard Nixon. Power & Politics in the making of Modern Middle East. In Search of Identity. 1985 Tom Little. Chelsea House Punlishers. Additional Readings: Allen Hart. 1977. 1 The Years of Western Dominations. 1989. Nasser and His Generation. 5. Anwar el-Sadat. vol. Jr. London 1960. The Soviet Union in the Third World. Henry Kissinger. London. London. Shaukat Ali. 1980. London. Nasser: A Biography. London 1982.G. Sadat London 1981. Jean Lacoutre. Henry Kissinger. Successes and Failures. 4. The Superpowers and their Spheres of Influence. his domestic and foreign policy. 1983. Norton Moore. 1978. London. New York 1985. J. P. A History of the United Nations. Kurt Waldheim. Ogla Nariewicz. Longman. Toronto. 1958. Dilip Hiro.37 Egypt under Gamal Abdul Nasir. 1982. 1978. Arfat: Terrorist or Peacemaker? London. Keith Wheelock. 1979. Selected Speeches and Essays 1982-1948. Observations. Treaties and Alliances of the World.

reformation and enlightenment are the special features of this course. Basic Readings: Hayes. The cultural and intellectual movements such as renaissance. Story of Civilization. G. . Fisher. F. Renaissance Europe: Age of Recovery and Reconciliation.) Renaissance and Reformation 1300-1648. the students will be able to: Know how Europe was transformed into a modern society Appreciate the philosophical and intellectual movements and trends of the period. 2.) New Cambridge Modern History. N. G. A History of Europe. Jensen. -----------------.38 GROUP 'C Western History Group 1. De Lamar. Russia and Prussia War of Spanish Succession 1701-1714 Seven Years War 1756-1763 Struggle for Wealth and Empire in the 18th Century Enlightenment and Age of Reason 4. R. Durant. Understand the political developments of the ruling class and socioreligious ideas of the people. (ed. COURSE HIS/611 EARLY MODERN EUROPE (1453-1789) Brief Description: This course focuses on a very important period of European history in which Europe was gradually being transformed from medieval society to a modern society. Aims and Objectives: After studying this course. Contents: Renaissance Reformation and Counter-Reformation Rise and Decline of Spain Thirty Years War and Peace of Westphalia Developments in France and England in the 17th Century Rise of Sweden. A Political and Cultural History of Modern Europe. A History of Europe: From Reformation to the Present Day. 3. Schevill. Additional Readings: Clark. 5. Early Modern Europe 1450-1720. Elton. Will and Ariel Durant. (ed.

The Penguin Book of the Renaissance. The Revolt of the Netherlands. Peter the Great and the Emergence of Russia.H. J. Plumb.H. Ernest John. B. .39 Kennedy. Europe 1450-1851. Pieter Geyl. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000. Sumner. Paul. Knapton.

A History of Modern France 3 Vols.K. E. Conquests and failure Congress of Vienna (1815) Holy Alliance. Italy : A Modern History. & Derry T. Aftermath of the Revolution: Work of the National Assembly Critical estimate. Contents: French Revolution of 1789. London. 1971. Lahore. Michigaa.P. A Political and Cultural History of Europe 2 Volumes. Metternich Louis Philippe. Mazzini and Garibaldi Unification of Germany: Bismarck (1871-1890) Third French Republic Partition of Africa Towards World War I: Diplomatic conditions (1890-1914). Peace Settlement (1919). Napoleon Bonaparte I. Alexander II of Russia Napoleon II Unification of Italy. History of Modern Europe 1815-1914 Grant & Temperley.J. Additional Readings: Cobban. 1870-1940 London. Bourbon Restoration. New York. Crimean War. 1964. Basic Readings: 5. role of the intellectuals and effects. 4. P.H. Causes of World War I Russian Revolution (1917). Aims and Objectives: 3. 1953. 1963. Hayes. A. Brief Description: 2. causes. The Third French Republic. Dawson. C. C. Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. 1964. . Gooch. work and failure. Background. Europe since 1815.40 COURSE HIS/612 MODERN EUROPE 1789-1919 1. Leo. 1966. Dorfler. Gieyl.H. For and Against. National Convention Directory and the Thermidorians Important Leaders of the Revolution. William. Leslie. The French Revolution and Napoleon. Napoleon. Struggle for Mastery in Europe. role of Cavour. Knapton. Hazen. London. Concert of Europe. Bloodshed and Reign of Terror. G. Gershoy. Reforms Continental System. Internal and External Policies. Revolution of 1848 and its effects in Europe Eastern Question: Greek War of Independence. Revolution of 1880 and its effects in Europe.

1855-1914. Heins. Watson.) The Nineteenth Century 1815-1914 New York. 1963. 1867-1914. A History of Russia. lkram Ali. 1960. London. Thomson.M. The Decline of Imperial Russia. Hugh Setan. J. London. Mack Smith.P. 1956. David. The Origins of the War of 1914. 1965. D. 1962. (ed. Taylor A. London. . John C. A Text-Book on the History of Modern Europe 1789-1919. J. 1966. London. J. Thomson. London. 1815. 1985. French Revolution. Europe Since Napoleon. Marriot. Cairns. Modern Europe. 1953.R.A. Alison. Pares. Napoleon. London. The New Cambridge Modern History (Relevant Volumes) Thompson. Philips. Malik. London. Revolution in Modern European History. The Eastern Question. The German Empire.41 Lubasz.J. B.M.

42 COURSE HIS/613 HISTORY OF ENGLAND (1688-1919) 1. Benjamin Disraeli & New Imperialism.. Political Religious & Social Movements. 4. Lord John Russell and Liberal Party. 3. Hanoverian Accession: George I: George II: George III: Industrial Revolution. This course is design to highlight political. Brigges. Comprehend the British foreign policy of this period. Industrial Revolution. Trevelyan. 1884 and 1911. London. Mastering British History. 5. Era of Queen Anne. Additional Readings: Admas. Reign of William III and Queen Mary. Brief Description: History of England is important as well as interesting for the student.. Basic Reading: Haris. social and constitutional developments in England. It also deals with the history of England as a colonial as well as political power. T.W. Ashotn. 1963. Goldstone. 1867. Bell. Appreciate the constitutional reforms and economic progress in England during this period.K. The course covers the period when glorious revolution took place and modernity began in England. G. A Short History in 18th Century England.M. A History of England. Contents: Glorious Revolution. George Canning & Foreign Policy of England. Plumb. Iviorell. R. French Revolution and Napoleonic Era. economic. Constitutional History of England. Reforms acts of 1832. Aims and Objectives: After studying this course. 2. the students will be able to : Understand the political and intellectual developments in England which made it the greatest colonial empire of the world. England in the 18th Century. Age of Improvement. 1940. British Diplomacy from 1870 to1919.S.B. . Lord Castlereagh. Selected Documents on British Colonial Policy. Robert Peel. G. Norman Lowe. U.

J. A Short History of 19th Century England. History of 20th Century England. Jarman. Fares. David. John. Pears & Carter.G.R.S. 1885—1914. London. Rose. W..B. Ensor Robert. London. Speeches & Documents on British Colonial Policy.P. D. C. A. G.L.P. George III and the Politicians. England Since Waterloo. 1953. L.T. London. Taylor. . 1961. Marriot. Trevelyan. The Age of Reform 1815—1870. J. 1960. England under the Hanoverians. G. A History of Our Time. Somerville.C. Scrlley W. Gooch. William. The Penguin Dictionary of England & European History. 1918-1931. Economic History of England.M. England in the Eighteenth Century. 1939. Keith. Wats. William Pitt and the National Revival.L. England: 1870—1940. Disraeli & Gladstone. 1937. D. L.J. U.43 Derry. London. E. Woodward. London. Social History of England.S. R.A. Lipson. 1962. Thomason. London. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe. London. A History of England. Robertson.N. J. Modern Britain. The Reign of George III. T. London. London. 1963. 1968.A. Keir. A. Europe Since Napoleon. 1911.H.

The Unfinished Journey: American Since World War II. Contents. Viking Penguin. Simon & Schuster. Rise to Globalism: American Foreign Policy since 1938. Ambrose. Harper & Row 1986. The Women’s Movement. Norton & Co. President Jimmy Carter. 1988. 5. Watergate scandal. The Legacy of Martin Luther King. JR.. President Bill Clinton. Her role. John Morton The Progressive Presidents: Theodore Roosevelt. Frederick L.January 1989). 1991. The Civil Rights Movement (1960-1980).Eisenhower (2 Vols. Richard Nixon: The Shaping of His Character. 1982 Blumenthal. 1. President Ronald Reagan. 6th Rev. Stephen E. Cuban Missile Crisis.. The Presidency of George Bush (January 1989-January 1993) End of the Cold War.W. his doctrine. Inc. 1: Soldier. The Gulf War and foreign affairs. 2.. William H. Fawn M.44 COURSE HIS/614 United States After Second World War Brief Description. The Latino Movement. The Big Change: America transforms itself. Gerald Ford’s Presidentship. This course focuses on the socio-political history of USA in modern times. 1890-1952 Vol. Roosevelt. Cold War and USA Domestic Affairs. Sidney and Thomas Edsall The Reagan Legacy: A Nation Adrift. Stephen E. Additional Readings: Allen. the Korean War.) Vol. 2nd ed. President-Elect. importance and responsibilities as super power will also be discussed. 1991. the students will be able to: Know about the socio-political and economic developments happened in USA in details. After studying this course. Franklin D. General of the Army. Aims and Objectives. Pantheon Books. Woodrow Wilson. Dwight D. Blum. Branch. President Nixon. Taylor Parting the Waters: America in the King Years. Post War America: Harry Truman’s Presidentship. 1983. . Chafe. Rise of Terrorism. ed. The Vietnam War. 1989. The Native American Movement. Economy and Culture (1945-1960). 3. Understand the international politics.. Post-Vietnam Foreign Policy. Evaluate the causes and events for becoming her world power. W. Brodie. New World Order. The Society. his Foreign Policy. Kennedy and Lynden Johnson’s Governments. 1954-1963. economy and foreign affairs during Reagan Administration (January 1981. 1985. Cold War. Johson. John F. 2: The President. Oxford University Press. Harvard University Press. Eisenhower’s leadership. Basic Readings: Ambrose. Simon and Schuster. Lyndon B. 4. 1900-1950.

Walter America.. James L. & the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. . 2nd ed.. Politics and Policy: The Eisenhower.. Inc. Belknap Press. Sitkoff. Frances Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam. Inc. 1989. Sundquist. Herring George C.. Scott Foresman & Co. McGraw-Hill.. ed.W. Hill & Wang. Kennedy. 1980. 1987. Garrow David J. 1992. 1981. Simon & Schuster. Cannon. Random House. Elenor Century of Struggle: The Women’s Rights Movement in the United States. 1983. Stephen B. Flexener. Inc. America As A World Power: A Realist Appraisal from Wilson to Reagan. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. Macmillan Publishing Go. Fitzgerald.. and the Cold War. McGraw-Hill Inc. Norman A. Norton & Co. Kutler Stanley I. Inc. W. Presidential Power: The Politics of leadership from FDR to Carter. Kennedy and A New Generation. Let the Trumpet Sound: The Life of Martin Luther King Jr. 1984. LOU President Reagan: The Role of a Lifetime.45 Burner. Neustadt. Brookings Institutions. 1975.. 1954-1980.. Inc. 1986. Rev. Graebner. The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon. 19501975. Random House.. 4th ed. 1987. 1968. Oates. Scholarly Resources. Lafeber. NALDutton. and Johnson Years.. 1988. Harvard The Struggle for Black Equality. Russia. David John F. 1992. America’s Longest War: The United States and Vietnam. Richard E..

A.) and the cold war themes and issues. Firms and Political Authorities Organizations: United Nations: Origin.. Themes and Topics in 20th Century International History: World War I & II.S. It focuses on approaches to the study of international politics. An important part of this course is related to the study of regional and international organizations.R with special reference to West Asia. Activities and its Functions for Peace Keeping Non-Aligned Movement Organization of Islamic Conference NATO Warsaw Pact Arab League European Economic Committee SAARC . Brief Description: This course is a pre-requisite for understanding the developments in the modern world. Foreign Policies of U. Aims and Objectives: After studying this course. Groups. Contents: Introduction of International Relations. United Stats and USSR (presently Russia. Suez War Iran-Iraq War Russian Intervention in Afghanistan Downfall of Soviet Union South East Asia and its Problems & Importance in future perspective. Approaches to the study of International Relations. Structure. Disarmament Problem Gobalization & Its Impact on Individuals. Causes & Results.S. the students will be able to: Understand the concept and theory of international relations. Develop an understanding of the working of regional and international organizations and the role played by them in international politics. particularly the policies pursued by the Super Powers. U.46 COURSE: HIS/615 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS & ORGANIZATIONS 1. Appreciate the developments in the international politics. A Short Introduction of the Geography of the World. Cold War West Asian Problems Arab Israel Conflict. South Asia and South East Asia.S. 2. 3. the foreign policies of great powers particularly.

Philips. N. The Persian Oil Crisis. F. London.M. Survey of International Affairs Vol. International Ethics Michael Nicholson. Gerard. Barry and Richard Little. Lawrence. and Perkins. Elfstrom. S. Norman D. London. An introduction to International Relations. Stuart & Anderson.A. 1989 Bullard. P. The Making of the Second Cold War. Hitler and the Rise of the Nazis. Handbook of Global political policy. Massachusetts. The United Nations. Arnold. London. Ziring. 1983. London. Bailey. Explaining International Relations Palmer. Four Arab-Israeli Wars and the Peace Process. I. 1990. Toynbee. M. International Relations: the World Community in Transition.47 4.C. S.S. 1938 Halliday. Buzan. Reynolds. R. International Relations: A Political Dictionary . International Relations. International Relations: A Concise Introduction.D. Additional Readings: Bailey. D. 5. H. International Systems in world History. Ngaire. Perkins. Basic Reading: Palmer. 1957. Nagel. and Howard C.

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