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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d
: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliograﬁ: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...
dapat diunduh (down load). telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. dialihmediakan. dalam hal ini. Oleh karena itu. Namun. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Pemerintah. pada tahun 2008. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Jakarta. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Kami berharap. dicetak. digandakan.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia.
the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). Last but not least. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various ﬁelds of science to prepare you to go to university. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. cultural knowledge. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. These activities explore your creativity. reﬂection and language use. for facilitating us to publish our work. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. July 2008 iters iv . collaboration. problem solving. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. support and encouragement. especially the editors and team. acting out dialogues. Hopefully. Bandung. convention.
Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. 5. Reading and Writing. 18. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. 6.e. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. 15. Learning Reﬂection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 10. 2.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. 14. 9.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. 11. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 8. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Speaking. 13. 16. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. i. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. Listening. Each chapter consists four language skills. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. 4. 7. 17. v . In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. 12. Englishclub. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 3.
Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ i ii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing d iary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 1 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .
accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________102 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.
Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________128 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________128
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________152
Review2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178
Source: Publisher's Documentation
Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation
It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.
Look at the picture and answer the following questions.
Source: Publisher's Documentation
1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?
Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Anyway..com. a. My name is Edo. right? Dian : 7 I saw your name in the students' list of my class. too. Englishclub. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. Rian : . b. Cut Nia. Good morning. Hi. Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. Rudi. We are in the same class. 8 9 10 . . right. parties. Then.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you. they introduce each other. introducing and parting expressions. It's Nice to See You 3 . Hello. Rian : Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. How do you do? Hi. b. She meets Rian. . Glad to meet you. What's our ame? y n The correct response for the expression is . What's your name? Hi. Rian : Oh. ivillage. What's your name? Good morning. I'm Deni. For example: You will hear: Hello. 1.2 . a. b. My name is Edo. 5. a. 2. b. By the way. Good morning. 3. b. a.. so I have a friend to share with. You can ﬁnd how to make proper introductions at business functions. I'm Cut Nia.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. 4. Dian : 1 4 5 6 . .3 . I'm your neighbour. Bye. My name is Risa. Dian : Really? Good. .. Rian : Yeah. b. Cut Nia. a. Nice to see you. Nice to meet you. The correct response is (b) Hi. . dinners and other social situations. Nice to meet you. How are you? I'm just ﬁne. Desi. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Good bye. a. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Cut Nia.
You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it brieﬂy. 1. 4.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. 3. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at ﬁrst? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 4. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. You meet a new classmate at school. 2. 1. 5. 3. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. You can add any information related to the questions. 2. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you meet your father's friend. 1. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. hometown and address. Ask his/her name. When you are going shopping with your father. 4. 5. Introduce yourself to them. Introduce yourself to him/ her. 7. 6.
It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. sit down. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. 6. 10. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. and also traditional clothes. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. Mirna : Anyway.. Harry : Good morning Mit. Mitha a. Mitha : Oh. Mirna : Hi. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. Mirna : Well. d. 8. I bought shirts. nice to meet you too. d. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. Sir. I also played football and sand with my brother. It sounds great. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. 5. Mirna. This is Mr. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . I went to Bali. Then practise it with your friend. Toni. Mr. 7. Johny. b. 2. 3. 9. Mirna : Wow..Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. How do you do Mr. Toni : Hello. I swam and surfed on the beach. Johny? Mr. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Johny : . It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there.. I had a great vacation there.. 4. I see. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. c. 1. shorts. nice to meet you again after long holiday. it's nice to hear your story.
Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and ﬁll in the following form based on the text you heard. so I was the one who talked to people. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. but no tourists.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. I (hope). but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Yogyakarta April. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. Love to your parents. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. It was a really great place. See you soon. the food's great. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. I (swim) two or three times a day. The people are friendly. but he was afraid to open his mouth. but it was fun to try. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily).
Act them out with your friends'. Denias : Hi. 3. Asep : Nice to meet you too. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. I can spend my whole day for cooking. Sri : Hi. Denias : Hi. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. 2. Asep : Hello. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. this is Denias. How about you? Sri : I'm ﬁne too. Source: www. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. Thank you. perform a monologue of recount texts. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. It's Nice to See You 7 . 1. Asep : Elvi. let me introduce myself.com Study the following dialogues. I'm from Papua. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. My name is Ali. my new friend. Denias : By the way. Asep. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a speciﬁc relationship to you. Let's go to the crowd. Nice to meet you.ivillage.Speaking In this section. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. How are you? Asep : I'm ﬁne. I'm Denias. say greetings and partings.
too. a.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . introducing. Cipto : That's very kind of you.. Yani : Hello. Asep : Alright my friends. too. It was ﬁne. Nice to meet you. Andi : How do you do. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. We can talk about cooking later. Cipto : How do you do.. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. let's talk about cooking later. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Andi : OK. My hobby is cooking too. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Cipto : Great. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. great. Cipto. I'm Cipto Susanto. How's the trip? Yani : Well. Cipto this is Yani. his new colleague at the airport. Don is my friend b. Andi : Nice to meet you. thanks. Andi : Not at all. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. Cipto.. Don't you know Don is my friend d. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. I'll take you to the Hotel ﬁrst. Read the dialogues once again. . Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Don : Pleased to meet you too. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Thanks. Nice to see you. It's nice and exciting. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. You must be tired. Don wants to meet you c. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. Cipto. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rita : Pleased to meet you. then. Andi : Excuse me.
. Excuse me my name's . Allow me to introduce . Goodbye..... Let me introduce you to . Good afternoon.. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. Good afternoon.... Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning. it's been so nice. Good evening. How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night. My name's .. Allow me to introduce my self. Bye.. This ... meeting and parting.. introducing. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. Goodbye. Good morning. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself.. It's Nice to See You 9 .. How do you do? Not bad.. Yes. Peter–Jeny. How do you do? My name is .. here's Peter... Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to .. How nice to see you Hello. Hello! My name is .... Fine. Hi! I'm ..... Hello. Bye. See you later. I'm . Do you know . See you.. I'd like you to meet . thanks. Oh look. Good evening. My name is .What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings..
v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. In the classroom. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on ﬁfth Avenue. to you. Wayan is your friend. 4. Sorry. I also stay there on eleventh ﬂoor. Rendi : See you then. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. 2. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. Budi : Anyway. Budi : That's great. his brother. her sister. Then practise it with your partner. Haven't we met before? Rendi : I don't think so. to your father. Budi : 1 . He introduces Sofyan. your friend. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. 2 Rendi : 3 Reni. At a meeting. Rendi : Mine's on tenth ﬂoor. Dewi. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • ﬂag-ﬂags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. your English teacher. I have to get going. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. introduces you to Tini. Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. 1. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4 . Goodbye. Budi. you introduce Mr Lubis. 3. Budi : 5 .
so we built a ﬁre camp. We built the camp next to a small river. No. played magic tricks. For example: 1. It was great. 5. I didn't do anything special. 2. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. my friends and I went camping. Look at the following example. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. Study the events. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. 4. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . The next day. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. We sang. It was getting darker and colder. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. At night. Last weekend. 3. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. 1. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some ﬁsh for supper.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. I had a lovely time. read poetry. Then complete the following table with different names. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. On Monday. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. danced. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. 2. we held a ﬁre camp night.
m a. 4.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the ﬂowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.m pm p. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time.m p. 1.m p.m p.m a. 2.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.m p.m p. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class.30 3. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .30 6 a. 3. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a ﬁre camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. Saturday Sunday 6. 5.
I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. 8. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 4.Reading In this section. and his face looked so familiar. looking for a record store. He was very friendly. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he ﬁnd in his wallet? Explain. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. 6. 7. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. 2. 1. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I thought it was money. I found the record store and listened to a few records. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 2. It was a photo. 3. read and understand recount texts. so I took it. 3. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. I said 'no' at ﬁrst. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. He thanked me and tried to give me something. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. 5. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. I decided to buy it. 1. but he really wanted me to have it. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . I was walking down Sunda Street.
He burned his hand when he was making breakfast. b. He walked for two miles. Source: www. b. visited . Taken from Ready to Write.lmpc. How far did the writer walk? a. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. What did he do after having breakfast? a. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . He walked for ﬁve miles. He had a terrible day. 1. Because his alarm clock didn't go off.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. Finally. Because he didn't see alarm clock. I wanted to take a taxi. d. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday.use action words eg helped. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. c. c. He walked for three miles.edu. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. He walked for four miles. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. Because his alarm clock didn't work. Then.write in the past tense eg had. 2. b. After breakfast. Because he didn't set alarm clock. d. 4. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. First. but I didn't have enough money. He got a terrible day. crutched. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. d. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. I or we . I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. He gets a terrible day. 3. d. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Next. b.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. c. He has a terrible day.au. c. but of course I missed it.focus on individual people ie use the words.
Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and ﬁnd their synonyms. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. d. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. c. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. missed /mɪsd/ 6. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. Events: tell what happened. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. 1. b. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. I had a terrible day yesterday. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. in what sequence. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4.5. I wanted to take a taxi. First. The writer hopes to take a taxi. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. but of course I missed it. What does the writer hope? a. It's Nice to See You 15 .
it was three o'clock. Study the prepositions of time and the example. At seven. • • • • • • Use at with speciﬁc times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I was a little bit crazy. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. I met her at four o'clock. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. It wasn't a regular day. we had a romantic dinner. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. Work in pairs. So. After praying and taking a bath. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her ﬁnger. At one o'clock. because I was about to propose a girl. She smiled. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. took a little walk and went to a movie. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. I remembered all my lines. Yes. I had my early breakfast. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. Then she said "Yes. Finally. Taken from New Horizons in English." After driven her home I went back to my house.
4:00 She was born the afternoon. I lived in Jakarta 1995 1998.lmpc. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. morning and arrives in Singapore Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. Adapted from www. 1952. Only after my mother was totally satisﬁed would I be allowed to rush out of the front door.edu. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. 2. 3. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 5. 4. She takes the Saturday 9.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with speciﬁc dates: on June 30 on April 21. Tuesday I'll meet you for lunch noon.au It's Nice to See You 17 . 1.00 the train 10:45. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. Linda was born October 31.
This morning Andika called me. 4. Answer the questions that follow. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 28th 2008 08. 3. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes.Writing In this section. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. 5. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. 4. 1. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. 1. Write it in your diary. Speechless. 2. write recount texts. Confuse. 3.00 p. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. March. I was surprised.m. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 2. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. Happy. 5.
30.30-12.30-9.30 11. It's Nice to See You 19 .00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class..00 9. I spent a week in New York and then ﬂew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe. He wrote his journey in his diary.00 12..30 10.00-3. First. . Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order.30-11. I came in to the class and greeted the students. I ﬂew from his home in Mexico City to New York City.00 1. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph.00-10. Remember to begin with topic sentences. At 08.00-1.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order. Tuesday 08. After through Asia. When I had seen the sights in Europe. I went to south America and ﬁnally back home to Indonesia. Activity 4 Study the following schedule. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia..
Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. and there was no stopping him. As you read the text. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . His story Maya is a friend of Galih.recount. so I rang her and asked her for a date. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. but after giving birth to a son. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself.peperonity. he started talking about himself. everyone knows who kartini is. her condition was getting worse and she ﬁnally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. then she moved to rembang.com Activity 6 Read this story. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. decide the conclusion at each stage. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. Write it in your workbook. her father was rmaa. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. his name was singgih. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difﬁcult talking to her. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. She wouldn't say a word. the head of rembang regency. He telephoned me and invited me to see a ﬁlm and I accepted. kartini. Rewrite it using your own words. her mother. nowadays indonesian women progress is inﬂuenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www.
I didn't know where to look. It was awful. His story I got there on time. His story I would never call her again. I wanted to crawl into a hole. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. I explained that I was Maya's date. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. The ﬁlm was very funny. but she kept muttering throughout. His story She was a real bore. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . I think she was impressed by my suit. I wasn't even hungry. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I was getting ready.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. He was so insensitive. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. She explained that she was still full from lunch. Then he suggested that we took a bus. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outﬁt he was wearing. and you should have seen Maya's face when she ﬁrst came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. I almost died of embarrassment. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. She's a real snob. She behaved terribly. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. One date with her was more than enough. and never apologized. She refused everything that I offered her. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. I never want to see him again.
It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. c. Although the passengers were safe. the passengers were eating raw ﬁsh and meat. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch ﬁsh from the sea to eat. b. After a few weeks. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. It was an interesting ﬁlm about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Paciﬁc Ocean.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. d. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 a. e.
2. g. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. 4. After they had been on the island for two months. My sister and I went to see a ﬁlm last night. But my sister and I enjoyed the ﬁlm. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. j. 3. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. The ﬁlm ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. Vicki had a birthday for her friend.f. k. Consider the following. Activity 8 Yesterday. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. 1. h. She put the things on her list in time order. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to ﬁnd help. i. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. But their boat sank and they were drowned. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 .
identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. b. • Good morning. c. Parting • Goodbye. write a recount text. meeting and parting. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. respond to the expressions of introducing. perform a monologue of recount texts. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • Hello. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What do you say to greet people? 3. • Good night. respond to oral instructions. 4. I am Deri. 2. Language Functions a. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. • See you later. say greetings and goodbye. my name is Dewi. • Good evening. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties.Events : . 3. How do you introduce yourself? 2. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure .Orientation : . you are expected to be able to: 1.Chapter Summary 1. 6. 8.Re-orientation : 2. answer the questions: 1. 5. Introducing • Hi. introduce yourself and others. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. Now. identify the structure of recount texts. 7.
Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .
Listening In this section. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. respond to narrative texts. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. 1. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2.
Oh really? That's too bad. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. I'm sorry to hear that. I'm so happy. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. b. a. a. Is that right? That's too bad. that's good news. 4. 8. 5. I'm delighted to hear that. 4. 3. b. 3. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. Oh. 1. b. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. No. Oh really? That's great. The best response is …. It gives me satisfaction. Then. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. a. 5. a. repeat the words and expressions. How errible! t I'm delighted to hear that. 2. 6. Oh. How poor she is. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . a. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. 2. a. b. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. b. 7. that's bad news. 1. b.
Andi : I'll 6 New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. was he? . Hani : Thanks Mom. experiences. experiences. experiences. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. he was such in pain. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. priorities and values). .about. He must have skidded in the rain. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. priorities and values). your father said that he would take you to the department store. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. in the hospital right away. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. Mom. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. experiences. our history. his friend. 1 was riding his motorcycles? ! What happened? Andi : Oh really? 2 Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Andi : He wasn't. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. Source: www. She is very happy. Was he badly injured? Andi : Oh 3 Deni : Sure. that Rudi fell off when he Deni : Hi. sympathy and affection.g. their history. When do we go there. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. has just got an accident.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. . Andi. He couldn't 4 legs.g. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. Where is he now? Is he in the Andi : 5 hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. . Hani : Thanks for your praise.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mother: My dear daughter. He broke his Deni : He was. Rudi.
I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . You are excellent and brilliant. 7. Rendi was knocked down by a car. 6. 4. Well done. Did you hear that Mr. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. I heard that Budi was in jail. 3. Then make the best response for each expression. Yesterday. 4. It's got Rp. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. 5. on the TV news. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. 8.000. 2. 5. 3. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. 1.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. Number one has been done for you. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. Many people died and got serious injured.on it. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. 4. Congratulations. 100. 2. You get Rp 10. 1. 7. 8. I've lost my wallet somewhere. 3. 2.000 credit bonus. You get a free ticket for this holiday.
Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. She had a nightcap and 6 approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve it feet from the bed when she 7 was not her grandmother but the wolf. However. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the into little girl told him and he 4 the woods. she saw there was somebody in bed with . Finally. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother lion looks like Calvin than 8 Coolidge. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to to her come along carrying 2 grandmother. The little girl said yes she was. Taken from Readings to Remember. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conﬂict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. Then. the When the little girl 5 door of her grandmother's house. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation.
8. what are the expressions? 4. 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 10. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. 6. 5. I'm so happy. 9. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. 3. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. Are you ﬁne? Oh dear. It makes me happy. 7. It's really great. What a nice news. What a shame. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. 1. One of your friends had an accident. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. It gives me a great pleasure. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful.Speaking In this section. 4. I'm delighted to hear that. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. 2. He looks sad. Your brother has a problem. I know how it feels. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 .
UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. Basri : Of course. Ali : Thanks. : Oh. no. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. Mother : Yes. However. I will. Pay attention to your expressions. Go tell your daddy.. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No.. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Mother : I'm right here. Mommy…. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. b. I'm so happy right now. She is very happy. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. c. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. It's lovely. e. I hope he'll be better soon. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. Retno : Mommy. d.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. Come on. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. I am going to work. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. The italicised sentence is used to express . Then act them out in front of the class. Retno : Dad. What's up? Retno : Mom. poor John. this week has been so terrible for me. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. It's always hard to lose someone you love. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. Basri : Hi. Ivan. I hope so. you know. Ali. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. where is mom? Father : She is back there.. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . that's wonderful. I can't still believe that she's gone. Retno : Yes. You don't look very happy.
I do sympathise (I assure you). Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. sorry to hear that.. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be ﬁne. What a terrible situation for you. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. I'm with you. It gives me a great pleasure. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . I'm so happy. sympathy and affection. Oh that's awful. Hooray! It's lovely.. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 .What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness.. Oh dear. I'm delighted to hear that. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy.
Mother : I'm right here. that's excellent. I'm . Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. Your friend's father has passed away. Eka : Thank you. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then act them out with your friends'. Activity 5 Now. 1. Eka : I know that Sir. for Mother : Oh really. I'm so Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. I'll take . Eka? Eka : Well. Use the expressions you have learned. 2. Take all the time you need. Sir. now. you know what. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. I'm you. You have my sincere Mr A ndrew : Oh. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. He is very happy. Eka : Excuse me. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. . Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Mr A ndrew : Are you serious? We need to ﬁnish this project right away. Sir. mommy…. Don't worry about this project. Sir. I'm afraid I cannot ﬁnish my job at the moment. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Ranti : Thanks Mom. make dialogues based on the following situations.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Wandi : Mommy. Then practise them with your friends'.
In the next place he went to. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. he started drumming and dancing. 4. This made the people angry and they chased him away. a couple were ﬁghting with each other. Taken from English Bestseller 12. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. In the final event. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. they would have bought his salt. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. the man saw two bulls ﬁghting with each other. only to be thrown out by the people. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. There he dug a huge hole. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. the people there would have bought salt from him. Then. When he returned home. He ﬁrst went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. When he returned home. he went to a village where there happened to be a ﬁre. Do a storytelling to your friends. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. 1. if he wanted to sell salt there. 3. His father told him that he should have poured water on the ﬁre instead. He stepped in to stop the ﬁght and was gored to death by angry bulls. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . again to be chased away. Rushing to the place. in which case they would have bought salt from him. 2.
. 3.. Make sure that you fully understand the story. death /deθ/ 8. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. Use the following steps as your guide. events and outcome of the story.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. he gave them much money. There was a rich man having three sons. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. characters. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. Retell it in front of the class. Can't you imagine that . Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. pour /pɔ:/ 4. It could be a folk tale or a legend. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. 2. As their sons were no longer children. Well. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. Identify the setting. 1. dug /dʌg/ 2. Example: Let me tell you something.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. 1..
read and understand narrative texts. 1. Source: Publishers Weekly. Bear in the Barnyard. and retell it in front of your class. adventure e. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. And so he experiments considerably. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be.com Visit www.grimmfairytales. Use your dictionary to check new words. 2. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. Activity 1 Answer these questions. superhero c. folk alet d. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. Decide the types of them. fantasy g. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. Choose one of your favourites. a Englishclub. fable b. May 10.Reading In this section. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. a. At once curious and conﬁdent. by Sue Robinson. science-ﬁction f. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them.
warty and winged. spiney red. May 10. these monsters ﬂee the bedroom when they discover the child. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Hairy green. by Paul Bright.5% 7. What type of ﬁction do you like most? Others Adventure Science-ﬁction 15% 10% 5% Superhero 25% 10 12. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow.b Under the Bed. It shows you types of ﬁction read by students in a class. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly.
When I die. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. Now. the eldest son tried to shoot a ﬂy on his father's forehead. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. What type of ﬁction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite ﬁction? Can you ﬁll in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of ﬁction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. 3. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. he said to his sons. he killed his father." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . "You are no longer children. He thought that hunting would be ﬁne so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. Instead. You must do something to earn your own living. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. The second son met a basketmaker. 4. One day. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. he was very angry. I am not going to leave you very much money. You can use it to start your own business. 2. You must do the same. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. The eldest son met a hunter. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. They had spent all their money uselessly. One day.1. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought.
"That's strange!" he thought. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei." he said. they found a baby boy outside their door. Sau Ling was very honest. 1. They had no children. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. Because of this.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. "It feels so heavy. It was full of small gold bars. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "You are really very honest. He put his bag on the ﬂoor near his table. "You must send your son away. That evening. The young man thanked him. Several years later. a fortune-teller came to the house. What would you do with your money? 2. they were very unhappy. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. a young man came to the inn. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling." He looked inside. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. They believed what the fortune-teller said. After ﬁnishing his meal." he said." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. One day. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. He returned the bag to him. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. They loved him very much. he picked up his bag. in its place. When Sau Ling was a young man.
"But go home ﬁrst. 2." he said. He left the house without saying a word. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. 9. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. The fortune-teller was also present. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . 1. Sau Ling told them what had happened. 5." The young man's father was a rich merchant. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. 8. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that.resolution father to give you a job. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. 10. "and take a holiday. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. 3. and resolution. 4. He gave Sau Ling a good job. 6. 2000 Every text has its own structure. 7. Then ﬁnd their synonyms. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. complication.
" It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. In her tangled black hair." called her mother. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterﬂy. His eyes scanned the ﬁelds for Rosaura's red ribbon. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. and heading for the fields. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. "It's time for lunch. But it was nowhere to be seen. her red ribbon ﬂuttered. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. a bright yellow butterﬂy darted by. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . As the sun reached the far side of the ﬁeld. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. "Rosaura! There you are. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. As soon as she had ﬁnished her food she slipped down from her chair. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. But Rosaura was already through the gate. "Rosaura. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. forgetting all about her hiding game. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. "Not yet. She crouched quietly. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the ﬁelds. It was her favourite game. where are you going?" called her mother. Suddenly. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling." said her mother." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. Rosaura ate her meal quickly.
when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. looking for the red ribbon. 3. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. As the sun came up bright and strong. "I see her!" he cried. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. 2. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the ﬁeld. But they could ﬁnd no red ribbon. 5. but the red petals of a ﬂower. 4. say the Indians. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the ﬁeld." said Rosaura's father. 1. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father ﬁnd her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . staring over the ﬁeld. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now." said her mother." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. "She was always happier in the ﬁelds.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. is how the red poppy came to be. As night fell. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. Now the sun had set. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. It was ﬁlled with red ﬂowers swaying and ﬂuttering in the tall grass. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the ﬁelds and watched the red ﬂowers dancing under the sun. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. In the dawn. Her father looked away in disappointment. But it was another red ﬂower. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. casting a red glow over the ﬁelds. And that. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. "They will stay with us!" Every year. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a ﬂower before.
used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. What do Indians say about the story? 10. 2. 2. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. 1. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events.6. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. 2. ancient Greek. What did Rosaura's father say about the red ﬂowers ﬁlled the ﬁeld? 9. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .wikipedia. Stories are of ancient origin. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Negative 1. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In afﬁrmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use inﬁnitive. Her father did not look away in disappointment. and Indian culture.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Her father looked away in disappointment. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. Most of the humanities involve stories. existing in ancient Egypt. Source: www. Afﬁrmative Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the ﬂower were her ribbon? 7. 1. Chinese. We can change the sentences into negative and question form.
a car accident last night. She cries in front of me. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual . I (choose) just) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. car (miss. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. 5. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. (sit. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. 7. Other busily) Japanese. It sounded like the (converse) United Nations. 3 4. quietly by themselves. I (step) on the to the right. conversation (stop) I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . and some students (speak) in Arabic. to each other in Spanish. It (come) suddenly I (see) right at my car. They do not know each other. almost) down Washington Avenue when (drive) a car in my lane. The other brakes and (swerve) my car by about an inch. 1. students (talk. Rosaura runs away from her house. 6. I I (have. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 10. however. Some of the students. I (ﬁnd. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. On one side of the room. 9.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. ﬁnally) the right room. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. In a few minutes. 8. Use simple past tense form. 2. just) 2 It was my ﬁrst day of class. already) full of students. The room (be.
you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. Angry and disappoin ted. write narrative texts.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He was Ekalaya. who was hunting in the forest. Arjuna was surprised to ﬁnd that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting.Writing In this section. 1. a young man watched the practice. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. Adapted from www. From far away. Innocently. The result was astonishing. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. When he met Ekalaya. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. 3. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. Ekalaya ﬁnally encountered Arjuna.joglosemar.co. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Durna's favourite student. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya. 4. Have you ever written a story? Is it difﬁcult or not? What makes you feel difﬁcult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. 2.
A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. In English. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. The ideas above are developed into the ﬁrst paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. Look at the following example. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery. • There was a young man who watched the practice.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. It will guide you in writing a story.
He was not the best blacksmith. You can use Story B as an example. Then. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. He tried to ﬁt the bowl onto his head. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. And he poured water into the hat. In the end.Activity 4 Study the following stories. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . decide its main idea and supporting ideas. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. destroying it. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. One day. The sword broke instantly. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. Worried that he would be cheated." The blacksmith was very furious. breaking the bowl in the process. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by ﬁlling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it.
I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . Here are some ideas to inspire you. A Greedy Child 2. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. Then. • He was very angry with human beings. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. 1. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. develop them into a short story. especially hunters. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas.
Generic Structure . 2. • You have my sincere condolences. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. . respond to narrative texts. 3. express happiness.Complication : a crisis arises. respond to expressions for showing happiness. What will you say when you are happy? 2. Now. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. write a recount text. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. for better or for worse. .Resolution : the crisis is resolved. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. Identify the structure of the text. • It's really a great pleasure. 8. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Language Functions a. and affection. 7. If you find some difficulties. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. identify the structure of a narrative text. 4. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4.Chapter Summary 1. answer the questions: 1. you are expected to be able to: 1. b.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. sympathy and affection. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. 6. sympathy. 2.
Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .
What does Doni say to Susi? 3. Where or when would you ﬁnd this situation? 2. 2. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. Then. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. accepting and declining an invitation. answer the questions. 6. Source: CD Images 1. 7. 5. 1. 8. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. 4. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. respond to oral instructions.Listening In this section.
1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions.express. I'd love to.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Now. I don't think I can come to your party. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. 1. Thank you very much. Clever phrasing. please. it won't surprise you. I'll be at your house at 8. 2. great. Arief and Rita have a chat. Would You Like to Come? 53 . Mr Andre Posuma. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. I'll decide to come or not. Then ﬁnd any possible responses to each expression. Rita : Wow. 2 ? 3 Rita : . For further tips visit to invite someone www. 3. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. Dialogue 2 Dr. 8. On the way home. I have nothing to do. write. his friend calls him. I'm very sorry. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. Then. They enjoy reading stories. and watching drama.00 in the morning. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. 4. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. 6. but I've got an exam tomorrow. but you should express the details clearly. 7. One day. who always sees him for general check up. novels. 5. He had a friend. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. but I can't come. I'd like to. 10. decide. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. 9.
Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. Andrea. : 5 : Bye. actually. This is Andre. 4 . Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. . I will attend a meeting. : . Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. 6 . : . he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . 2. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. We can meet next time. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. : OK. Thus is about our appointment. Kambing guling is my favourite food. .m. : Hi Andre. Then. . Ten minutes later. : Alright. See you. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. 1. Work in pairs. It's me. 7 : Well . : See you. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. Rudi : . Bye. 3. Fauzi. : What's wrong? : Hmm. Fauzi. It has been two months since my last visit to you. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
put the other piece 7 . Lina : It's very simple. . (Lina takes the sandwich. By the way. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Fany. 1. 8 I'm late. Then. 4. The girl : I'm Fanny. 2.. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. Fany : That's OK. She interrupts them. Nice to meet you too. Santi : Hi.. Would You Like to Come? 55 . Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. take two pieces of bread. Compare your answers to your friends'. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. 5. 1 . Spread butter on each piece. Lina is reading a book in the city park.) It's very delicious. I think . 6 .Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. 3 . 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. my name is Lina. A girl : Excuse me. the girl offers something. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. After a long silence. Lina : No. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and ﬁll in the blank spaces. cut cheese into slices. Finally. There is someone approaching her. Lina continues her reading. 3.
Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something.. Finally. fold over each point . you can now blow ... 1996 Instructions: 1... Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. 5.. Then.. push the drawing pin . 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ..... First. Next.. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do. Match the following titles with the correct steps. 3. 4... draw two lines . cut inwards . 2.. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials. After that.
Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. Then. 2. 4. and scissors. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. 2. 1. 3. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. answer the questions. list the stages involved in making the coffee. a ruler. After listening. 2. By seeing the pictures below. 5. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 5. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. a pencil. you will make a whale. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. 1. 3. 4. Things You Do 1.
use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. Just wait for me. Hey. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 4. perform a monologue of procedure texts. 3. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. 1. 5. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 2. 4. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. Let's go jogging sometime. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. 3. 1. I'll be free at that time. we're having a party on Friday.Speaking In this section. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation. What about tomorrow tonight. It's my birthday on Friday.
Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Read and practise another dialogue. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. a. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) Activity 4 59 .. accept an invitation c. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. There will be a great ﬁlm tonight. The italicised sentence is used to . I have many matters to settle down. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. Sandra. It's about Nasreddin. thanks. Then act them out with your friends. how've you been? Ari : Alright. Ari : Well. Ira! This is Ari. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. I'd love to. Robi : Hi. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry.. Say. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. decline an invitation b. ask for permission e. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. Ira : Hi. that's great. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not.30. Sandra : OK. Rin. But you have to come to the clinic. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. I'd love to.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Be ready. Ari : Well. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. I can't. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot X : Hi. invite someone to go d..
Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to .. but .. Like to come to .. but .m.... We should be pleased/delighted if you could . won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p. Would you care to .. Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry.. I can't ... Mrs Lina Sugiarto... I'm afraid I've already promised . accepting. I can't... With the greatest pleasure. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto.. Come and . Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme.. • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to ... but .m..... You must come to . We'd very much like to ....? Dr.... Receptionist : You're welcome.... Receptionist : Alright.. Thank you very much for inviting me. Bye.. Bye. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting. All right (then).. Unfortunately.. • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will . I don't think I can... declining an invitation and an appointment. I don't think I can. You will . What a delightful idea... Thank you for asking me. I wish I could. I'd very much like you to . OK! I'd like to love to come.. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you... Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry.... Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there. That would be very nice... Shall we come to ... 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p. L-I-T-A.... I'd love to. but . I'd like to..
Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. as he doesn't know anybody. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. Persuade him to come. good. o'clock. I'll promise I'll be there. ? Sure. Would You Like to Come? 61 . The headmaster. By the way. Invite this people to your party. 6. I don't think I can make it. He doesn't want to accept. Bye. I'm so sorry I can't make it. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. You invite a new student to join the party. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation.. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. You are at school. this weekend is my special day. She/he promises that she/he will come. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : ? Hi. OK. He/She accepts. 4. Wendy. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. 5. The senior teacher. 3. I'll help you. He declines because he is busy. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. Oh. Well. 2. See you then. . You refuse. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. I don't have any plans at this moment. Thank you very much Wendy. You're welcome. 1. Then act it out in front of the class. You accept. See you. He accepts it. You'll have a graduation party this evening. for a little party at my house this weekend.. I'll be there.
Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. 3. 2. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 1. 4.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you.
Sprinkle it with salt. Cut up the tomatoes. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. what do you do? . Then. Emily : Sally : And what do you do after that? . Yudi : All right. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Cut the chicken into small pieces.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. onions and green peppers into quarters. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Yudi : Good. pepper and spices. . Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. salt and a pan with a lid. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Emily : Sally : Then. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Fry with vegetables for ﬁve minutes. Emily : Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. Sally : How do you . Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Use the following model. a cup of rice.
Then. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. Heat until the water boils. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. cut tomatoes.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Fry them in a pan with butter for ﬁve minutes. 3. spices. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. ½ teaspoon of salt. and garlic into small pieces. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. Add a little of salt and pepper. Well. ¼ teaspoon of butter. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. and garlic into small pieces. wash the rice in cold water. put the lid on and cook it for about ﬁfteen minutes. onions. small clove garlic. Cook gently for three minutes. onions. salt and pepper. 5. Mix together egg and lemon juice. 2. ﬁrst of all. Add rice and cook on low heat for ﬁfteen minutes. 3. 4. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. turn down the heat. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. 5. When it has boiled. Then. Be careful with the knife. Tell the class about it. 7. Add water. fry them in a pan for ﬁve minutes. 8 cups of water. Cook gently for one hour. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. 2.Ismail : First. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. spices. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. 4. 6. 1 small onion. Next. (Continue with your own words.
Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 1. 3. 2. 4. read a monologue in the form of procedure text.Reading In this section. identify the structure of a procedure text. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2. 4. 3. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they ﬁnd a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual Ask a friend Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 26 28 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts.
Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. What do we do ﬁrst to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. 4. 2. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. 3. In a how–to–text. To move the fan up or down.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. To change the speed of the fan. materials needed and methods or steps. press one of the switches at the bottom. 1. How to operate a fan 1. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. namely goal. push the pin on top of the motor. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. 2. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kafﬁr lime leaves 1 tablespoon ﬂour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . then press the tilt adjustment knob. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 4.
seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and ﬂatten a little with a fork. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . May 2. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. 6. 4.english. Fry until golden brown on both sides. 11. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium ﬂame.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and ﬁnd their meaning. fried shallots and lime leaves. 1. 3. Pay attention to your pronunciation.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. When the oil is hot. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 6. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 3. 2. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. 7. 4. Stir in the ﬂour. 15. These texts are usually written in the present tense. followed by the egg. ﬁve or six at a time. 10. 8. 14. 5. 12. 2. 13. drop the fritters into the oil. Source: www. 5. unitecnology. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9.
In the internet. 3. Use the Internet. costume makeovers. In an auction. Track down items such as rare prints.howabout. especially when you were on a trip. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Look for gifts wherever you ﬁnd yourself. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. d. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. a unique furniture d. Moreover. Follow links until you ﬁnd what you want. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. special d.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. weird c. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. b. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. Adapted www. The word well-known in the ﬁrst line means …. In the craft shop. Give a welcome service. Visit art supply stores. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. a day at the spa. a photo frame c. craft shops. great b. a. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. it is suggested that we give … ﬁrst a. c. a rare print b.com 1. Before give an unusual gifts. 2. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. A massage. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. So. Anywhere.
" said father. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. Do be quiet. "Press the stop button. a. "Don't hurry. Do come on time. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet." asked the mother. road safety rules. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. rare b. unitecnology. 1. b. rules for games. the tape recorder. get the recipient attention d. the photocopier. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. make us unusual b.g.g. celebrate special moments Englishclub. Dian told Andi. The word in the text that means not too many is …. e. unique d. a. a. b. "Stand up. b." said mother. (command) "Help me. It functions as prohibition. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.english. important Giving gifts may be important to …. the fax. but could also express irritation. a. For further Information visit www.g." said the teacher.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. e.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. e. The word "do" could be persuasive. 5. "Don't be noisy. You make sure the car is in neutral. how to succeed. 3.g." 2. You press the stop button. recipes. a.g. how to use the video." the teacher told the pupils. sweet c. science experiments. Would You Like to Come? 69 . complete our collections c." said David.4. the computer. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. "Make sure the car is in neutral. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition.
8. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Report it to the class. 5. 9. 4. 6.m. Your uncle is writing a novel. 7. 2. The volume of the television is too loud. What will your father say? It is 6 a. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. 4. 3. magazine or in the internet. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. He cannot concentrate his mind well. 10. 3. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 1. 1. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 5. He always late although his wife often warns him.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen.
write procedure texts. 4. • • • • • • • • next butter roast ﬁrst pour ﬁnally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese ﬂour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors ﬁrst Would You Like to Come? 71 . you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally.Writing In this section. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. 2. 1. 3.
cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. • At the same time. • Then. • First. meat and eggs. you will need some rice. • Stir the mixture and add salt. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. pepper and other spices. • Finally. vegetables. Do it in pairs. add it to the meat and the vegetables. cook the rice in another pan. you can break in two or three eggs. • The best vegetables to use are onions. garlic. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. The pictures will help you to arrange it. tomatoes and cucumber. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . if you like. • Now. • To make fried rice.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text.
c. remove the black vein. And then tested the voice level recorder. Then you can begin to record it. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. It contains nine mistakes. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. a. Finally. Find the errors and correct them. You must also twist off the ﬂippers at end of tail section. Rewrite it using your own words. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. e. d. b. Next. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. After these twisted off. use your ﬁngers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. Well. ﬁrst you have to plug in the cord. First. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. After that. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. From the tail meat. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . It is not difﬁcult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. Work individually.
• Will you come with .Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. Declining an appointment • Sorry. respond to invitation. 4.. • I'll be there. Now. respond to oral instructions. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. 8.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) . 7. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. Generic structure . 2.. invite someone. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. answer the questions: 1. Write the method or steps clearly. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. respond to expressions for an appointment.Goal. write an instruction or procedural text. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. 6.. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. identify the structure of procedural texts. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. you are expected to be able to: 1. • I'm sorry I can't make it. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . . perform a monologue of procedural texts. I don't think I can make it...Chapter Summary 1. Write a recipe of your favourite food. 3. make and cancel an appointment. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • Join me.
Who was shouting? a. What could the manager do? a. d. A. d. £5. Here is it. Good night. b. The farmer's youngest son. Where did the girl ﬁnd the money? a. £50. b. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Five tins. thank you. Here they are. Countryside. d. choose the best answer. c. I won't say no. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. The man losing his money. d. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. d. Good evening. a. Inside the gentleman's room. c. How do you do. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. Nice to meet you. Three tins. 1. 13. 11. The farmer's oldest son. c. The landowner's youngest son. b. Where does the story take place? a. c. The girl. Restaurant manager's ofﬁce. Thanks anyway. The landowner. Beijing. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. d. d. a. Two tins. offering b. The manager. I'm ﬁne. c. c. The manager could help the man who lost his money. Tokyo.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. Bank manager's ofﬁce. 2. The manager could do nothing. invitation d. c. 10. d. 14. Good morning. Where was the landowner from? a. c. c. Outside the gentleman's room. b. gratitude c. Inside the waitress' room. Inside the manager's room. Here it is. Sorry I can't. Then. c. c. b. 8. 5. a. 75 . 4. b. Seoul. b. a. d. £15. b. How nice to see you. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. It is here. 6. Hotel manager's ofﬁce. a. 7. d. Four tins. Hotel lobby. Three steps. c. The manager could call the police. b. b. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. 9. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. I'd love to. c. The hotel owner. You are going to hear several short dialogues. 12. Two steps. d. Good af ternoon. d. Five steps. b. 3. Four steps. b. £150.
d. or butter and best lard. Rudely. in other words. b. Angrily. and add a good teaspoonful of water.15. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. 17. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. to the size of the omelette. in the middle. Harshly. once or twice. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. when hot. it is fatal to beat too long. with salt and tissue–paper. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. over a quick ﬂame for a minute or two. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. 16. This takes half a minute. B. He wanted the table to be cleaned. break them into a bowl. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. c. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. He was not hungry. The ﬂame is now turned down a little. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. we fold it. b. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. d. Politely. This takes about two minutes. not the whisk. b. c. our fryingpan is getting hot. c. until large bubbles form on the top. For three portions. not of aluminium. not too hot. Then. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. Meanwhile. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. letting the liquid ﬂow into the empty spaces. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. taking care always to move towards the middle. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. tin or enamel. All this is a swift business." a. d. The fryingpan must be made of iron. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. keeping as calm as we possibly can. we take six eggs. His stomach couldn't take any more food.
Let me introduce myself. Eka : Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. The states of an omelette. When the butter is a different shade. 19. we feel tired b. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. Rubbing with salt and paper. d. Rubbing with hot water. One made of aluminium. What is important about the frying– pan? a. 25. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. The shape of an omelette. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. b. 27. Ferry : I am Ferry. b. One made of iron.com 18. d. here are they to my friend. d. 24. It is better than beating it for too short a time. 26. You are introduced c. We may well feel a few extra heart– . Dedy. It should be the same size as the omelette. No. It doesn't matter. d. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. here they are c. b. One made of aluminium and enamel. An omelette made in France. c. How are you? c. The size of an omelette. 22. b. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. as the classical French term says. c. 23. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. Taken from www. One made of tin 20. Review 1 77 . b. Then. Washing with salt and paper. a. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. c. we feel relaxed d. a. . Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes.recipetips. I'll introduce b. b. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. This last touch makes all the difference. Won't you introduce d. c. How do you do? d. d. c. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. we feel impatient c. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. d. Good morning. When the frying-pan is getting hot. It should never be a small one. It should never be a very ﬂat one. 21.of the omelette along one side. Yes. b. A soon as the flame is light golden. here it is b. here is it d. When the ﬂame gives no more froth. beats because a. It's very interesting. c.
She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. window of Look out of 36 37 house you are in now you see beautiful view. 35. c. The underlined sentence expresses a. a. c. Did come on time. Do come on time. Who are ? a. maybe. Thanks a lot. (put) the books in their previous place. he 33. but some other time. give d. b. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. she (read) the books all day along. I go to the cinema b. but I'm very busy. Student : . I'd be unhappy to accept it. 42. 29. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. sympathy. That's very kind of you. c. him b. d. I did not (shave) this morning because I was in a hurry. Sorry. Randy : Oh. 30. Yes. I think . gave c. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. b. a. himself c. they 34. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. You did come on time. 40. how awful! I'm so sorry. Don't worry about it. Sure. them c. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. Why? a. Thanks. such 38 Use substitution form to ﬁll in the blank spaces. Dudi does his homework by a. I went to the cinema c. b. compliment. an. a. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. 45.28. Do you come on time? d. C. b. I have gone to the cinema d. I'll fetch you at 8 p. c. Yesterday. 44. Teacher : Thanks for your help. it didn't work out. or the. I was going to the cinema her a bunch of roses this 31. that would be very nice. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Complete the following sentences using a. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. Hanny. given b. hisself d. Evi : Alright. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. a. d. gratitude. Too bad it didn't work. happiness. I . You are entirely welcome. their d. 39.m. I morning. 43. giving 32. themselves b. 41. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . d. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : .
Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .
No. 8.Listening In this section. Repeat after him/her. 2. 2. 3. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. 6. 7. 4. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 7. 6. 5. great charming fantastic congratulate terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. 3. respond to narrative texts. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. 8. 1. 4. 1. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally.
Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . Desi. That's awful! Thanks anyway. too. By the way. Andi. 2. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Desi : Hi. for the ﬁnal test. a. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment.. For example: You will hear : a. 3. Andi : Thanks God. It is nice to hear you. She congratulates and compliments Andi. his friend. Andi. Congratulations. Thank you very much a. b. Andi.. I got the highest score for the test. You look great. a. 2 today! I love your new hair style. You know what? I have passed right now. b. b. Andi : 3 Desi : Thanks. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. b. 1. Congratulations on your success. b. 1 ? Andi : I am ﬁne. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. I can't believe it! That's terriﬁc. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. 4 5 ! How's the score? Desi : That's great. a.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. Congratulations! That's amazing. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here.. On the way home. he meets Desi. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. I've got it. . 5. a. 4. thanks. Never mind. b. The best response is .
. Mention where they are from. Andi : Yeah. Andi." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. The next day. 6 7 your compliment. b. It's my pleasure.. It's so difﬁcult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. I know you are very smart. You look beautiful on it. : Never mind Andi. that's amazing. 2 ! We're happy for you. . I dont' think so c. Riska : 3 Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. For example: 1. I don't like it e. You are so : kind. 1.. discuss the following questions with your friends'. You will hear "You're terriﬁc/fantastic. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Sorry to hear that d.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisﬁed with it. Then. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. . Joko : It's a 4 Andi : Oh. a. Ina : I think so. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Is it really you? . 2. no. Now. It goes with my shoes. I guess it's just my luck. Desi. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much." 2. ! Andi. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. You will hear "Well done." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him what the newspaper's headline Riska : 1 said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. Eta : Thank you.
when she heard this and 3 "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. the Witch her house and she said to herself. 5. When she wanted to start the that she upper part she 8 couldn't reach it. It worked very fast. and in ten minutes all job was done. she said "Your house is ugly. After to paint. Witch's friends 1 When she looked around the room. That she got an idea. and the walls are bigger. one of the to visit. 7. The Witch was very happy. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. I have the to repaint it. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a to paint paint brush and 10 the upper walls. 6. 8. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. In the afternoon the lower part of her she 7 house. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales." The Witch was very angry .Activity 8 Now. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom ﬁnish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . One morning. My house is 2 than yours. and she lunch she 6 worked very carefully. 2. "Broom. 3. 1. "my friend was right. Then she 5 shop and bought a can of paint. 4. listen to the tape once again and complete the story.
With the help of alcohol. They scared the Romans c. 1. myths and legends. ballads. No Information. A Roman Soldier. science ﬁction. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. 4. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. factual or a combination of both. romances. adventure stories. mysteries. b. All of the above. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How did the Greeks win the battle? a. A horse. Drunk c. What was the purpose of the text? a. d. 2.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. They may include fairy stories. 5. unitechnology. fables. Really sad b. e. None of the above. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. d. They can be imaginary. horror stories. They made the Romans drink b. A Greek Soldier. b. e.english. d.ac 3. Really happy d. A Greek King. Source: www. slice of life. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. They destroyed the city gate e. b. c. Defenseless e. c. With help from a wooden horse. e. historical narratives. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. c. personal experience. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. To show how cunning the Greeks were. To Argue that the Greek had won the war.
Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. 2. Congratulations! Well. Situations a. Activity 2 Expressions 1. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. You compliment someone on their appearance. c. Your friend has just passed an important exam. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. g. f. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . 3. What are they doing? 3. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. You say nice thing about your friends' dress.Speaking In this section. 5. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. 4. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. Your brother have got an award. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. What do you see in the picture? 2. b. perform a monologue of narrative texts. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. 6. d.
Great job! Thanks. it's not necessary. Let's go celebrate it.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. You are looking good. Good idea. Oh. thanks. I like your hair style! You're terriﬁc/fantastic. I just finished modifying it. Pandu. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. 1. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. you are quite charming. What did you do to it? Not much. Ussy. I f I may so. My compliments on your beautiful. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. Thank you. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. it's a must. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. No. Harsya. I really must express my admiration for your party. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. It looks a lot different.
Discuss with your partner. May I congratulate you on …. 2. 4. 2. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. I won the race.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. I've found a new job. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. Your brother has done excellent job. I must congratulate you. 3. Congratulations on your …. 1. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. Your relative is going abroad for studying. Well done! Fantastic/terriﬁc! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. I'd like to be the ﬁrst to congratulate you on …. It was great to hear …. 1. 3. 5 : : I just won ﬁrst prize from a quiz. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. 4.
Dony : Thank you. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. story telling 4. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. For example: Donny has passed his exams with ﬂying colour and get the best ranking at his school. 1. Activity 8 With your partner. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. Don. 4. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. I'm very proud of you. Dad. Mom. playing tennis 3. 2. Boby : Hi. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. Your friend is good at: 1. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Don. 2. Use the expressions of complimenting. 3. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. Your partner got a scholarship. Use the expressions of congratulating. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. 1. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 6 Work in a group of three. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. playing the piano 2. Your friend is elected as one of the ﬁnalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Dony's father : Well done. playing chess 5.
"Leo. screaming in horror. a male. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. the lioness woke her mate. and some did not knot know which they were ﬁghting for. It was a terrible ﬁght and it lasted until the setting of the sun. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. He was monarch of all he surveyed. but it didn't seem to mean anything. Taken from Readings to Remember. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. one of whom. except that of her cubs. "We need a change. and some fought for both. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. When the moon rose." he roared. "I am the king of beasts. the lion. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. long live the king!" Inside the den. sleepily. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. is king of beasts. "Come out. "The old order." she said. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra." said the tiger." said the zebra. fevered and gibbous. "The creatures are crying for a change." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead." she said." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. "What king?" he inquired." said the tiger. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den." said the tigress as she went to look after her young. "The king is here to see you. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of ﬁghting. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. very like his father. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. "The new order. "What are we ﬁghting for?" someone asked the aardvark.Activity 9 Work in group. All the animals of the jungle joined in. "The king of beasts. in my honour." said the aardvark." she said." "Oh sure.
Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. Are you with me?" asked Budi. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his ofﬁce." said Evi happily. the tiger or the lion? 9. . "Oh. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4.1. What do you think if I stop studying. Change the following text into dialogue. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. If so. "Excuse me. "Okay." asked Evi. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. you may not stop studying here. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. Were there any beasts survive the ﬁght? 10." said Budi. Budi. came to see her at home. not to me. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory." continued Budi. "I am sorry to hear that. her classmate. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5." told Evi. "Our teachers asked me where you were. Then act it out in front of the class. Did the tiger and the lion ﬁght for the crown? 6. I think it is not a serious problem. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. "I am sorry." told Evi. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. "No . Where did the story take place? 3. Who won the ﬁght. "You are a very smart student. who is the cleverest student in the class. The Cleverest Student Evi. doesn't go to school anymore. . That's kind of you. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this." "Thank you very much. it is not a good solution. 2. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Taken from English for SMA 2. Sir. At school they meet the headmaster in his ofﬁce. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the ﬁght? 7.
reading and understanding narrative texts. 3. 1. 5. 8. 1. 6. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 7. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 2. 4. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. identify the structure of narrative texts. 3. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. Activity 2 Before reading the story. 2. read and study the following words and ﬁnd their meanings. 4. 5.Reading In this section.
He lived in Denmark. He was half-man and half-monster. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. He was king for ﬁfty years. It lived in a cave with treasure. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. Beowulf went to the lake. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. The dragon was very big and breathed ﬁre. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. In the morning. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. One day. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. What did Grendel's mother do when she ﬁnd out about her son's death? 7. 1. a dragon came to his country. But one day. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. When he came back. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. The knights were afraid and they did not want to ﬁght the dragon. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. and it attacked people. he went to the King's castle. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. That night. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword.
as the most famed and talented of all birds. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. and somewhere. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest." he said. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. b." said the crow quickly. my ﬂight is known to scientists and engineers. "Bars may come and bars may go. but I am hungry and must go. "and share my lunch with me. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. Last. but never least. "but you must be nearsighted as well. 12. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped." said the crow. as the shortest distance between two points. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. I am sure. and somewhere else. geometricians. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. "I recognize you. "Oh. but sly." The fox had read somewhere. and they are a dollar a hundred.aesopfables. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure." he concluded arrogantly." said the fox." said the fox. I am the map maker. c. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy." And with this he trotted away into the woods. and began to tell about himself. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. every two points. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. and scholar. his appetite appeased. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. now that I look more closely. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. I wear black and I am unique. I am the pioneer of ﬂight." "Tarry awhile." said the fox. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. Taken from www. The Fox and the Crow A crow. but crow bars last forever. Any two points." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. "I am sure you are.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 .11.
5. Then. There are two main characters in the story. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. 8. 6. The crow's appetite appeased. 6. 2. 8. 5. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. 2. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. 4. You can do mini research in the library. 1. Ask your parents or grand parents. retell it in front at the class. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. He is the map maker. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. 7. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. The fox is really arrogant. 3. 1. 3. 4. The story probably took place in the jungle.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again.
We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . September 29 from 2 to 5 p. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the ﬁnalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.canauthorsniagara. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-ﬁrst" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be ofﬁcially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday.m.
are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. belived d. 4. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats.. to belive c. sleep. 3. a. A ﬁre melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. 1. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The play was written by Shakespeare. 5. The sentences above use passive voice. 1. they belive b. 3.. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. In passive voice. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. My brother buys me this new computer game. 2.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. 2. The ﬁreﬁghters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. come. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. UN Shot Komodo . The form of passive is: be + past participle. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. to be descendant from dinosaurs. to belived e. The cameraman takes the President's several times. etc. oils. 5. 4. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence.
In that way. "I work regularly and I eat regularly." the wolf said. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. He was curious about this. if I am chained up.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. But. but I'm healthy. the wolf turned and ran away. "The dog called after the wolf. saying. I'm more free than you are. Finally. he asked the dog about it. You'll get used to it soon enough. "If I come to live with you. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. I won't be free anymore. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. With hardly enough energy to walk. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else. don't worry about that." answered the dog. As he lay beneath a large tree." "But." Taken from www. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. You could do the same. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. "Oh. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. as they were walking. and I have a warm place to sleep. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. the wolf had little hope of ﬁnding food. He was very thin. I think I will surely die. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. well-fed. "But. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. the dog felt sorry for him and said." said the wolf." "You're right. a dog out for a walk noticed him. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. It's a good deal for both of us." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of ﬁnding food. I hardly think about it anymore. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. I will arrange it.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 .aesopfables. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right." said the dog." After saying this.
2. 3.Writing In this section. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. 4.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. Have you ever written a story? What do you do ﬁrst when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. writing narrative texts. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts.aesopfables. Activity 1 Answer these questions.
the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point. then read the sentence given below. d. visit www. c. 1 2 Englishclub.infoplease. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. He was very angry and threw a stone at them.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully.com 3 4 5 6 a. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. For further steps in writing narrative. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 .com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. In the final paragraph. they are not in the correct order. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture.
He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. and fancy that the gold is still lying there.short-stories.co. came to the lump of gold. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. Taken from www. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. and digging down. said. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. "Pray do not grieve so. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing.short-stories.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. So. Activity 4 Study these stories and ﬁll in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story." Taken from www. i. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. j. f. as you did not make the slightest use of it.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. A neighbor. The Miser. leading the Lamb a little apart. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. and stole it. One day. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. for when the gold was there. It will do you quite the same service. you had it not. Appearances are deceptive. he felt very tired. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been ﬂayed and thrown aside. g.co. and enjoying hearty meals. and place it in the hole. h. k.e. on his next visit. he soon made a meal off her . He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. while he was going from one village to another. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. but go and take a stone. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep.
make your own narrative story. Choose from the following categories. 2.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conﬂict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. 3. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 1.
7. identify factual meaning in the texts.. Now. 6. congratulate and compliment others. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. 3. performing a monologue of narrative texts. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends... for better or for worse. : to amuse. the crisis is resolved. write narrative texts. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. 2. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. identify the structure of narrative texts. Pay attention to the structure of the text. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. 2. • You look terriﬁc.Chapter Summary 1. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. I must say that you are . optional. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. answer the questions: 1. Complimenting • You look great.... a crisis arises. Write and tell your favourite folklore. b. Language Functions a. 5. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. you are expected to be able to: 1. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. a stepping back to evaluate the plight. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. 4.
Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub lishers 's Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .
By the way. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. sports magazine. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? 2. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Here it is and 4 It's all right. Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue.Listening In this section. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. I'm returning your brother's . I'll tell him. 8 Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. And you? Hi. Here it is. sure. Fine. 1 2 . 1. 2. How are you this morning? . Can I see today's Yes. Henry. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. 3. Please come in and have a seat. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? . you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. Yuni. 6 . . respond to descriptive texts. respond to invitation. 3 . please. 5 newspaper? Of course. I'm just ﬁne. Great.
5. a. 4. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. You're great. b. Yes. No. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. a. b. 5.4. b. 1. I can't. 2. What picture is it? Where do you usually ﬁnd that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . b. a. Choose the best response for the expressions. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. 3. 2. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. a. 3. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. Thank you so much. 4. a. I'd love to. b. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. 2002 1. You will hear some expressions. I won't. 5. I'm very grateful to you. I'm sorry.
Activity 5 1 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. Adapted from www. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand.central-java-tourism. It is named 2 which means 3 . in the region of It is a famous 6 Semarang and a pride for Java. Besides its thousand doors. 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta.
1. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. 2. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. 3. 2. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . Be ready at 7. 1. 4. 5. perform a monologue of descriptive text. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. After visiting the museum. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. I won't say no. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. OK? All right. Will you pick me up? Sure. I'll be there. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue.Speaking In this section. 6. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. on the way home.
Great.? Will you join ...? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to .. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for . I won’t say no ..What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to . What is it like? It's very beautiful... Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Let me express my gratitude .... my parents are taking me there again this vacation.. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class. Yes.. Wow...? Do you want to come with . I’d like to very much. Actually.. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue. Thank you.. I'm sure my parents won't mind.. Then. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come.. I’d love to.. Thanks. Would you like to . Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before... The temple is extravagant. I wish I can see it for myself.
There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 4. 3. 3. hand-written d. 3. 2. a. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 3. 1. Create dialogues based on the following situations. written by hand b. 8. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . 5. 1. 10. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 2. 7. 2. 4. 6. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. 2. writing hand c. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. 4. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. that is hand-written e. Tini has lent you a magazine. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. Use them to express your gratitude for the following... Give suitable responses. Tini has lent you a magazine. 9. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 1.Activity 5 Work in pairs. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station.
and no doors. On top of a hill. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. there are 600 large statues. a German. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools.000 years ago. believed that they were built by people from South America. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. On the island. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island.2 metres thick. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Paciﬁc. 3. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. Africa. no windows. all the way from Peru. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. We don't really know why they are there. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. he made a simple raft and sailed there. To prove this. Thor Heyerdahl. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. Easter Island 1. 3.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. They used stone for the walls and wood for the ﬂoors. doors and roofs. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. 2. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. 2000 One thousand years ago. How did they move the trees? We don't know. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 .
S. There. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. 1.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. state of New York is on the other side. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. Ontario. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. The American Falls are about 1. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. but they are 2. and the U. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. 4. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.5 mile (0.8 kilometre). Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids.000 feet (305 metres) wide. Canada is on one side of the river. 2. at the falls. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. and the American Falls are in the United States. 5. At Niagara Falls. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. At night. 3. They are not as high as the American Falls. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It is on the Niagara River.
after reading. on the wall. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. in the Middle Ages. 5. in the United States. The island's ofﬁcial Spanish name. at the corner of. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. before him. for the sake of. Isla de Pascua. at midnight. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. after summer. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. for a week. while searching for Davis or David's island. 4. in Canada. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. • For the sake of God. 8. after lunch time. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. in 2005. while she was at the bank. on Monday. in the park. after me. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's ﬁrst recorded European visitor. 1. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. for ages. is Spanish for "Easter Island". 7. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. Soka no. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. 6. before June. After/before is used with period of times. of making. at Jln. before asking. glance of eye. 3. Off is used with verbs: get off. take off.11. during the night. at lunch. Example: • I stand in front of the class. on June 18. put off. 2. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. 9.
The second was built built 11 King Khafre. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. Giza is located near the Nile River. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. called Menkaure. including Cairo. and the third 12 King a sphinx. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. was probably built 14 15 his pyramid. 2. There is only one pyramid at Giza. 5.C. The largest was 10 King Khufu. There are 10 pyramids 5 the largest and best preserved 6 three all Egyptian pyramids. decide whether the following statements are true or false. 3. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. It stands 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Giza. 4. the Great Sphinx. A huge statue 13 Khafre. Pyramids are built for king's servants. Then. T/F 1.
Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. 2. read and understand descriptive texts. 4.upload. Source: www. 5. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. identify the structure of descriptive texts. 3. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. e.Reading In this section. b. Meanings or Synonyms a.wikimedia. Can you ﬁnd a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you ﬁnd this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. learn these words. c. you will learn how to: • • • ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. 6. 2. 4. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 .org 1. d. 3. 5.
Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. Somehow. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. People sell agates on the cave terraces. who often sings in the cave. h. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. it is like a fair. k. in Tabuhan. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. j. 7. Wareng village. does not doubt anything. The route is easy. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. 11. 8. Pay attention to the structure of the text. l. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. coconutpalms and birds. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. Many tourists go to this cave. identiﬁcation description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The visitors dance. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice ﬁelds. i. 13. forgetting all problems. Nyi Kamiyem. m. g. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. 9. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. 12.6. 10.
So. in the east corner. Some people now use the place for meditation. According to Kartowiryo (90). However. Watukarang. January. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identiﬁcation and description. The cave is dark. and characteristics. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. a beach nearby. and a local guide will lead the way. Taken from Hello English Magazine. It normally uses simple present tense. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. 3. 1. so people need lights. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. There is a stream in the cave. 4. village elder. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you ﬁnd peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. 2. The identiﬁcation part is the part where writers of descriptive text identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. have a nice journey. it can be heard from inside. It was believed to be a sacred place. The people chased the spirits away.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. The description part describes parts. No one dared go inside. Description text focuses on speciﬁc participants. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. went to the cave to ﬁnd out what was wrong. do you want different souvenirs? You can ﬁnd them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. Besides the cave. However. is good to visit. qualities. which can only be seen outside. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. By the way. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers.
The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. 8. 9. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. 8. 4. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. 10. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo ﬁnd out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. Activity 5 In pairs. 5. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 9. 2. 3. T/F 1. 7. 6. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. 6. 7. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. You ﬁnd the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. The cave is used for meditation.
The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on ﬁve vowels and just seven consonants. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. At breakfast. consuming 9. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. Oahu. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". sufﬁces as answer. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis.S. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Paciﬁc feels immediately that he has one foot ﬁrmly anchored in the American Way of Life. ﬂag in some time.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. "Fine". has a population of 900. The simple response. Big Island and Maui.S. Midwest. "Aloha. or Mahalo in Hawaiian.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. and this is the pattern throughout the day. from colourful shirts. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. Honolulu on Oahu.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. Included in the price is full board.000 aboard have their homes in the U. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. Most of the almost 2. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Paciﬁc cruise route and is the ﬁrst cruise ship to ﬂy the U. where the cruise starts. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. Kauai.
5. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. 3. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. Deﬁnition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. 4. Taken from The Jakarta Post. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. 2005 1. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. February 13. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. There is a reason for the crowds. Information Paragraph 1. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can ﬁnd the following information. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2.
This section is about 7. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. The main part of the wall is about 3. crowded with worshippers. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China.460 kilometres long. near Beijing. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. without nails. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. and huge stone walls and gates. the most famous temple in China.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. Source: Microsoft Encarta.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. constructed entirely of wood. Temple of the Jade Buddha. has two statues of Buddha. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and ofﬁce buildings. temples. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. Its length is about 6. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2.400 kilometres. rises to about 11 metres high. and it was erected entirely by hand. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. on Mount Badaling. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade.
Shanghai is the most modern city in China. 2. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. 8. 6. 7. 3. 3. 2. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. Beijing is China's largest city. 5. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. write descriptive texts. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. 4. Writing In this section. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. which one is the most amazing. 5. 4. In your opinion. Activity 1 Answer the following questions.T/F 1. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. 1. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood.
It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. September 2000 Source: www. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 .228 metres) on the world's ﬂattest and smallest continent. cruises. Medewi is also good for beginners. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. snorkelling. diving. swimming with dolphins. Further aﬁeld.ﬁles. hurtle down frothing rapids. Tulamben and Amed in the east. Canggu. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. Padang Bai.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. Then answer the questions. Lovina.masham3d. Candidasa. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. For the more experienced. which regularly attract the pros.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. Australia. Taken from Hello Bali. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers.wordpress. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. For snorkelling and diving.
the crags of Tasmania. Australia does have 1. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. Activity 4 Study the following text well. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. and even Mt. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's ﬁnest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. including areas of the Blue Mountains. Taken from Kang Guru. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. Mt. Townshend. Actually. 2. some interesting mountainous terrain.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. 2000 the tower of london was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
1. 3. 1998. Can you explain the function of period (. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. Compare it to your friend's. comma (. 2.Activity 5 Answer these questions. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . 2 Source: True Colors. Discuss what they are about. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the ﬁrst paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs.). Study the following announcements. Take Off.
Every year. 2.g. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. Paris is often called the City of Light. 9. Choose one of them and then describe it. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . e. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. 10. The Louvre. 3. etc. one of the world's largest art museums. is another favourite place to visit. 7. 4. a famous church. singing contest. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. study tour. hiking. millions of people visit Paris.Activity 7 With your friend. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. many palaces and statues are lit up. Then write your own sentences based on these words. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. 1. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. camping. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. For this reason. 5. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. At night. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. draws many visitors. dense beautiful annually very arge l attract 6. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. 8.
com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com The Wall of China Source: www3.nationalgeographic.1 Englishclub. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . new7wonders.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history. To ﬁnd out about them. just visit www.
5. answer the questions: 1. characters. qualities. write accurately words phrases. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 10. sentences into paragraphs. Now.. I'm very grateful to you for. ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. 8. Description : describes parts. Generic Structure a. guess meaning in context. Thanks a lot.Chapter Summary 1. That sounds a nice idea. 2. respond to invitation 3. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. I really appreciate your . Identiﬁcation : identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. 6. d. I'd love to b. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. read a descriptive text aloud. respond to gratitude 2. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . perform a monologue of descriptive. express gratitude. d. 9.. you are expected to be able to: 1. Thank you very much. respond to report texts 4.. write a form of announcement. 7. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person.. b. I'd be delighted to. b. Accepting an invitation a. c. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. place or thing. c..
pho tobuck et.com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w.
Iwan's Father : father reads the newspaper. 6. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father.Listening In this section. Thousands of people were killed. I can't imagine that. Another disaster? (Then. Compare your answer with your friends'. 4. respond to news item texts. Many people became homeless. 4 . I don't believe it. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement.) Iwan : Yeah. 2. 3. 3. 2. 1. It's very tragic. ! There was an earthquake Iwan : Dad. 5. What kind of expressions are they? 1. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Good heavens! No. 1 in Ecuador. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. 3 . I ﬁnd that very surprising. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. 7. 4. 2 . Remember the earthquake in Father : our country last year.
Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room.. That's very disappointing. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. 5.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. We will have a holiday someday. Please. no.. ? Bad news? Feny : Really? Why are you 3 Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. 2. I tell you the truth.OK my friends. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. guys. ? Feny : What! 4 . He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. pay attention to our for leader. answer these questions. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. 3. be quiet. 5 Andi : I'm serious. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. He told me about our holiday. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. please! I have something to tell Andi : you. Report your answers in front of the class. Aldi : Oh. 1. Aldi : Shh. 1 . 4. Indah : Andi : Keep calm guys. 6 . Respond to each news that your friends tell you.. It seems that he brings 2 us. Headline News 131 . What a shocking. Activity 6 In groups of four.
Your response: I think it's good news. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park. then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in ﬂoods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear.Activity 7 Listen to tape.
"My ofﬁce is still drafting 2 on study time. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. would be on May 2. visiting shopping malls or will be allowed. in time for National Education Day. Elementary and high school from 6 students will have 4 p. game consoles. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality students to administration 1 allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. Taken from The Jakarta Post.m. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. April 15. com on Monday. he said.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. going to 5 "The study time must be effective.m. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about." Mochtar said. Headline News 133 . Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. During study time. to 7:30 p.. He failed to mention what on students punishments 6 who did not comply." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. no TV.
Ask ﬁve questions about it. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. 3. Many people died and got serious injured. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Romi was knocked down by a car. perform a dialogue of news item texts. 4. 5. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. 2. 3. 2006 1. I heard that Rian was in jail. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. Source: Earthquakes. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. on the TV news.Speaking In this section. Yesterday. 4.
The window didn't break. Sandi : I don't understand. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. The bell is ringing. Yesterday. b. I don't have time to think about love right now. : Yeah. Sandy : Oh. : Listen. you're right. Oh. : That's too bad. Frans. did he? Dina : No. Besides. d. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. come on. UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. It was in mid air. c. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. he gave me a bar of chocolate. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. Let's go to the class. I got the news from his best friend. a.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. Hadi : really? . did it? Dina : Yes. e. Act them out with your friends... Ria.000 feet in the air. that's terrible. Mrs. : Good heavens! Look at this. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. ! I've been waiting for it so long. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Dina Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. Take it easy. : You're right. actually. He's not the only guy in the world. at the school canteen. it did. Sandi : Really? He didn't die.
are you? 2. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. 1. Express your amazement. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. Well. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. 3. Your friend's father has passed away. I ﬁnd it astonishing/extraordinary. Respond to the news appropriately. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. He wasn't. that's very surprising. I'm on strike now. 5. Give respond to the news. I ﬁnd that very surprising. surprises me. You aren't. Express your sympathy.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . Mr Anwar was very ill. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Act them out with your friends. Tell your classmates about it. 1. 4. 2.. How very surprising/amazing.. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary..
Activity 5 Englishclub.com/ english Answer these questions orally. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. The Jakarta Post. is on the verge of extinction. 2005. November 23-29. Read the news in front of the class. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. as the protected species. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you ﬁnd the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. 2004. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. cellular phones. Source: Tempo. Pay attention to your intonation. Pretend you are a news reader.indonesiaheadline. The robbers took their cameras. 4. 2003/January 5. 2004 1. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. just visit www. 2008 Headline News 137 . Time. December 29. 2.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. one of many at the reserve. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. an ofﬁcial said Saturday. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. March 8. 3.
Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her ﬁrst claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Sarah McCaffrey was ﬁned 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. B : Really? I don't believe it. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . make a dialogue.
. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. 1. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. and the place where the event happened. Headline News 139 . reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was .. Find out the information sources. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12.. 4. Use the following guidance.) 3. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. or the authority. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. expert opinions. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. news /nju:z/ 2. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. Find out the main event of the news. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. 2. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. Identify its background. 1. people involved." (Continue with your own words. They include witnesses. Background consists of event elaboration.
7. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Source: Publisher's Documentation Activity 2 v No 1. 2. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. 4. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. 5. 1. 6. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 3. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. Ask your classmates and ﬁll in the name of those doing the following activities. identify the structure of news item texts.Reading In this section. Activities Name Kind of news Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than ﬁve people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com
The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The ﬁrst part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.
State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan. (T/F)
Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.
The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their
"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's inﬁdelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com
The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006
The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. ﬁght b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise
Read the following words taken from text and ﬁnd the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise
Then. Taken from English Form. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. Do it individually. identify the structure of the text." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. However. 4. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. 3. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were conﬁrmed last night." Taken from English Form. 1. 2. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power.
Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the ﬁrst news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours conﬁrmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.
Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before
Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the ofﬁce.
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."
Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.
Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008
2008 1.Writing In this section. simple and catchy. 2. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. 2. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. write news item text. when and where. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Source: Microsoft Encarta. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. what. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. The … of the newspaper is usually short.
A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news. 5. Along the way. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. Source: www. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite ﬁshing that can smash coral reefs.info Headline News 149 . 6.my-indonesia. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. 8. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. Sometimes.3. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about.
he said. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. kerosene extra supply. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. Source: www. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . To prevent abuse. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. after the fasting month.tempointeraktif. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. At ﬁrst. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. Additional supply. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. "because. he said. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. According to him. however. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deﬁcit. According to him. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. he said. Do it individually.9 million kiloliter. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. meet the people's demand he said. there was a kerosene demand hike. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police.
sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. Then ﬁnd a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. Then present it to the class. but all the other guests escaped safely. groups. 3. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. You can choose one of the following topics.tempointeraktif. The guest was badly injured in the ﬁre. debate. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. said the ﬁre had started in a guest bedroom. 2008 Source: Tempo. 1. January 23. the ﬁre had spread to the 4th and 5th ﬂoors of the hotel.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. Source: Kompas. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the ﬁre started on the third ﬂoor. By the time the ﬁre department arrived. The hotel manager. Fire in City Hotel There was a ﬁre at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. etc) technology education. Mr Iwan Sugiarto.000 worth of damage to the hotel. 6. etc Headline News 151 . May. Source: www. 4. etc) contest (speech. Rewrite them in your workbook. 7. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. last night. 2.m. 5. Mr Sugiarto said the ﬁre had caused over US$70.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures.
3.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. perform a monologue of news item texts. to whom. write news item texts. 2. 4. answer the questions: 1.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. Now. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . respond to news item texts. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. 5. What should be included in a news item text? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. in what curriculum stances. 2. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. by participants. and amazement. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function : to inform readers. 6.Chapter Summary 1. express surprise. and amazement. Generic structure . identify factual information in news item texts. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. respond to surprise. . .Sources : Comments. you are expected to be able to: 1.
The travelling cost was still the same. Of ourse. Rock. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. It keeps the body healthy. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Incessant rain. d. b. 5. Of course. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. d. Fantastic. 153 . b. yeah. It keeps the body strong. Tsunami. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. b. A mount eruption. d. 6. 8. c. The travelling cost doubled. b. c. Dirt. You must be kidding. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. n Thank you. c. d. An earthquake. c Thanks. c. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. A. You’re joking. c. c. thank you. It keeps the body strong and healthy. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. A tidal wave. b. Of ourse. c. a. c Yeah. d. I’m sorry to hear that. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. c. a. What a surprise! It's othing. b. Are you kidding? No. Oh. 3. a. It keeps the body big. d. d. b. 1. Not at all. What does milk do to the body? a. Thank you. a. d. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. 2. Milk contains nothing. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. c. thank you. A landslide. 10. I don’t think I can make it. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh? a. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. 4. b. Well done. b. There was no effect to the travelling cost. b. a. c. No.Review 2 7. d. d. 9.
11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.
12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.
B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's ﬁrst experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I ﬁnd any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork
from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com
13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. . Hydrophobia a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difﬁcult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.
17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.
Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior ofﬁcials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004
21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.
a. b. c.
Less than ﬁve houses. More than ﬁve houses. Five houses. .
d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?
d. at midnight
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
his wife and senior ofﬁcials. c. b. Their goal is parallel their educational beliefs. Parents need to look for a school Children learn what is important that will be a "second home" for their through their school year. A resident of the District of Tembalang. a. A villager of Sendangguwo. The synonym of the italicised word is . as well as to choose extracurricular and the schools is established. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children This is when parents pick a school that academically competitive. Success activities that improve their children's will be based on how well the "team" skills and abilities. The residents and neighbours. The question children. Sukawi Sutarip. d. Achyani. Tohirin's neighbour. works. The kitchen. c. The guest and bedrooms. In today's world. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. Sukawi Sutarip. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. d. 28. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. d. The guest rooms. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. calamity 26. A to send their children to good schools joint effort between parents. however. 27. English is considered Review 2 157 . b. b. The mayor of Semarang. writing and The answer is. when children or more languages will ﬁnd further begin preschools and kindergarten. b. birth. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. 25. Dayat. The residents. then becomes what should parents These are some important factors consider in choosing the best education that should be considered. It is very for their children? When should the important that students have good process begin? reading comprehension. fortune whirlwind storm d. d. The bedrooms. students. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a.24. b. c. the schools become students who develop skill in two part of the process. c. The mayor of Semarang. studies easier. The Tembalang District head. from the time of speaking skills. c.
or is too expensive. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. When a child learn two languages in parallel. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. Why is Mandarin important? 35. What is meant by the "team"? 32. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her ﬁrst language. Therefore.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. 29. When do children start the process of learning? 31. Language acquisition needs to be active. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. The earlier a second language is learned. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. If a dual language programmes isn't available. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. The more active in each language students become the more proﬁcient and conﬁdent they will be. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe.
40. Put this. A B 53. who else can children rely on to protect them. 47. . before. Review 2 159 . 43. The teacher gave the students a new book. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. ! B 51. anytime. My uncle has had an accident. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. She said. 54. I sleep in the class sleepy. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. A : . The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. those or theseto complete the sentences. books are mine. 49. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. Just pick me up at seven. s . The national museum is visited by the students. "I don't know anything about the robbery. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. y Yeah. 41." 42.C. Use for. I have to inform ou. I know her I work in the same place with her. I'm really 48. that. Match them with their headlines. or or so to connect the sentences below. after or nor to connect the sentences below. Use and. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. 46. A B 52. A B : : : : : : : 44. 45. He buys a ruler on the way home. In the end. please. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. but. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a cholarship. 50. B : I'd love to.
Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. Her illness is now at an advanced stage.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. c. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The Headlines a. We laugh hard. 56. As if that had not been our intention all along. Torrential rain since August 19. 57.55. has caused the Awash river to overﬂow its banks. We work hard. e. Bogor and Tangerang. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. b. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. We pray hard. Floods Displace More than 7. According to the parents of the victim. 58. Take her home and make her happy.
Favourite Stories from Taiwan. 1999. Monteiro. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. London: Oxford University Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. English Form 4. 1990. English for SMA Volume 2. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. English Form 3. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Hill. Tan Soon et al. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. 1981. 1988. L. 2000. L. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. A. Achmad et. 2003. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Hartmann. Function in English. Little John. New York: Pearson Education. 2002. Bandung: Graﬁndo Media Pratama.). 2003. Harris. Second Edition. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. Comber. 2000. 1990. 1994. Standar Isi. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Elaine (ed.Bibliography Books Alexander. 2000. Cambridge English for School. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Ready to Write. 1990. 2002. 161 . Opportunities Elementary. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Kirn. 2003. Michael et al. Blundell. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Balanchard Karen. 2006. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Israel. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Pamela and James Mentel. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Ibrahim. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Root Christine. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Doddy. Jon et al. al. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Elaine and Darcy Jack. Mellgren. Hock. Lars and Michael Walker.G.
Schlakman. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27. Swan. April 15. Michael. Oshima. Practical English Usage. Inc. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.Nolasco.ac http://www. May 2. 2004 The Jakarta Post. 1993. USA: World Book.unitechnology.com/english http://www. 2008 The Jakarta Post.masham3d. New York: Macmillan.com http://www.short-stories. 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2002. Reading. Rob. 2005.indonesiaheadline.write.org http://www.org http://www. Singapore: Oxford University Press. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2006 The Jakarta Post.com http://www. Judith et al. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Alice and Ann Hogue. 2007.com http://www. March 8. Inc.canauthorsniagara. January 18.). Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. Watson. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. May 10. 2005 The Jakarta Post.express.com http://www.my-indonesia.grimmfairytales. Fourth Edition. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.com http://www. World Book.english.com http://www.ﬁles. Readings to Remember.photobucket. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly.wikipedia.thejakartapost. December 29. 2004. Tanka. 2006. London: Oxford University Press. 2005 Time.joglosemar. Brown. 1983. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students.wordpress. 1997.co.breakingnewsenglish. 2004. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Solomon (ed.info http://www. The World Book Encyclopedia.about.aesopfables.com http://www.com http://www. 2008 Websites http://www.uk http://www.
2003 Publisher's Documentation www. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. May 10. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.football-walpapers. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. Time. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue.com Earthquakes. 2008 Tempo ompas. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. 2006 www.com Microsoft Encarta. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 23.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. May. December 29. 2007 K Bibliography 163 . 2005. 2008 Kompas January. March 8.photobucket. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. 2004. November 23-29. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 1992 Tempo. May 10. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. The Jakarta Post. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales.
especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . used in. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. relating to. caricature. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of ﬂuid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. relating to. speciﬁcally: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. rudimentary tails. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on ﬂesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing ﬂowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. intricacy.
or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: ﬁrst-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. loss. timeless. increase. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a ﬂeeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. especially: to increase or improve in value. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deﬁciency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deﬁcient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. soundness.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difﬁculties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. desirability. or destruction. quality. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten.
horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. occurring. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. speciﬁcally: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinumc rispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not veriﬁable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a ﬂuid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a deﬁnite volume and does not expand indeﬁnitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magniﬁcent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for proﬁt: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. group. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished.
and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow ﬂexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terriﬁc /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . destroyed. jewels. make tight. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. or sacriﬁced under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. a compressed abdomen. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. especially: rumour wildﬁre /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular deﬁnite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conﬂict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a ﬁlling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-ﬁction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): ﬁction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientiﬁc factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body.
40. 146 E events 11. 85. 117. 46. 29. 10. 141. 152 O orientation 15. 125 descriptive 107. 33. 68. 148. 82. 78. 179. 9. 59. 16 Balanchard Karen. 152 F fable 37. 115. 40. 31. L. 107. 101. 16. 8. 41. 159 S story 75. 176 sympathy 78. 3. 165. 93. 140. 143. 98. 129. 41. 134. 149. 43. 4. 177. 10 passive voice 96. 50. 84. 99. 165. Brown 83 Schlakman. 179 G gratitude 75. 81. 3. 116. 167 recount 141. 142. 184 greeting 2. 80. 184. 27. 181 surprise 53. 139. T text structure 15. 84. 60. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 89. 9. 25. 7. 102 compliment 78. 102. 15. 112. 132. 91. 178 invitation 53. 74. 162. 4. 125 direct speech 145. 37. Michael 92 Little John. 96. 108. 61 C character 13. 88. 63. 111. 170. 103. 82. 94. 92. 137. 93. 166 news item 151. 130. 184 L legend 36. 66. 135. 78. 147. 164 complication 41.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 102. 152. 8. 184 I instruction 2. 166 P parting 2. 147. 159 pleasure 81. 166. 101. 130. 97. 104. 167 reported speech 145. 145. 135. 31. Agus 11 Mellgren. 116. 142. 55. 174. 128. 174 procedure 57. 71. 9. 70. 90. 85. 174 congratulate 79. 50. 73 R recipe 66. 26. 3. 79. 37.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 98. 72. 30. 22. 166 N narrative 14. 10. 34 appointment 54. 24. 139. 86 D description 106. 175. 75. 100. 81. 109. 169. 80. 102. 138. 135. 28. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 67. 42. 153. 177. 83. 134. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 170 headline 82. 41 Watson. 112. 171. 129. 172. 31. 24. 122. 173. 171. 80. 85. 50. 4. 100. 91. 136. 4. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 26. 99. 158 introduce 3. 10 H happiness 25. 115. 101. 122. 82. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 94. 169. 8. 148. 98. 131. 101. 117.
Santi : Hi. A girl : Hi.K. 169 . they introduce each other. It's OK. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Nice to meet you. Fany : That's O. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Lina : Hi. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. I also played football and sand with my brother. 4. Mirna. Bye. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. Then. My name is Rudi. Let me introduce myself. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Lina. Dian : Really? Good. Mirna : Anyway. Let me introduce you to Lina. and also traditional clothes. I'm Fany. I had a great vacation there. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Santi : Hi. How do you do? Nice to meet you. How are you? My name is . Andi. Allow me to introduce myself. Hi. Mirna : Well. right.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. Dian : Good morning. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. I'm Dian. Fany : Well. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Hello.. Fany. See you later. I'm sorry I'm late. Dian : Nice to meet you too.. so I have a friend to share with. I swam and surfed on the beach. 6. Santi and I have to go right now. Nice to see you. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. We are in the same class. Santi. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. My name is Rian. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. I must go now. Take care. Activity 4 1. 1. 3. 3. My name's Desi. Rian : Good morning. Toni. Rian : Bye. Mirna : Wow. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Good morning. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. shorts. Activity 3 Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. 5. 2.. I bought shirts. Lina : See you. 2. See you later. Lina : No. A girl : Excuse me. Toni : Hello. Rian : Oh. I went to Bali. it's nice to hear your story. Santi. She interrupts them. She meets Rian. My name is Lina. It sounds great. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. I'm Rendi. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. By the way. There is someone approaching her. this is Santi. too. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. 5. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Wina. nice to meet you too. Rian : Yeah. Lina. Anyway. this Lina. How do you do? 4. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. Mari Memasak Sendiri.
See you soon. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. It was a really great place. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. When I got back to town. as I said. 4. The people are friendly. 5. 5. I am also happy to have parents like you both. Our teacher's father just passed away. 7. It gives me satisfaction. Mom. 3. 8. Hani : Thanks Mom. He must have skidded in the rain. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 Words No. 1. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. 3. but it was fun to try. had 4. left 6. Love to your parents. but he was afraid to open his mouth. bought 8. 4. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school.Activity 9 1. 2. You know what. I'm so happy. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. My father bought me a motorcycle. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. I'm so happy. When do we go there. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. surfed 9. Dear Evi and Andi. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. the food's great. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. Andi. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. but no tourists. played 10. swam 7. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. Hani : Thanks for your praise. At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Hani : Hooray! That's great. My brother got an accident last night. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . April. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Activity 3 1. I swam two or three times a day. I'm delighted to hear that. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. went 5. good news 2. well. so I was the one who talked to people. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. and the weather's a lot better than at home. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. was 2. I hope. there wasn't much left. You win a free ticket to Bali. did 3.
Panji : Thank you very much. Many people died and got serious injured. "Did you hear that Mr. You get Rp 10. I like Sangkuriang story. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter." 5." 2. But i don't know where to ﬁnd them. Panji..its a bout superhero. That's very kind of you. I'll see him in the hospital right away. I am Ridwan. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. Activity 7 1. he was such in pain. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence" 7. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. Finally. My name's Fitra. Boni : Don't mention it. but if you are divided among yourselves. What I don't know where to ﬁnd them.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. "I heard that Budi was in jail." 3. He broke his legs. All of them are folk tale books. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. The father said. "Yesterday. so he decided to teach them a lesson.. "Congratulations. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. and unite to assist each other. Now. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. I like to read fable. if you are of one mind. 100. Was he badly injured? Sure. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them.) These are the books that you need. "My sons. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. hmmm . "Well done. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always ﬁghting..000. My name is Putra I like reading comics. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on.. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. 2 3. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. "You are excellent and brilliant.000 credit bonus. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. Boni : Folk tale books . Boni : Let me help you." 8. You get a free ticket for this holiday. I'm interested in reading legends. on the TV news. was he? He was. The title is Uzumaki Naruto.. they are on the corner shelves. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. I'm reading Aesop's fables." 4." Tapescripts 171 . Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. 4. It's got Rp. That's terrible. He wasn't. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. you will be like these sticks together. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. The story and the adventure is interesting. He couldn't even stand up. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. The little girl said yes she was. I need some books about folk tale. Bon. Taken from Readings to Remember. 2004 Activity 5 1.on it. Panji : Thank you. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. I am Lita.
• Put a slice of butter on each slice. I'd like to. won't you? 3. Ten minutes later. Mr Posuma : Hello. Susi. On the way home. Now. Mr Posuma : Hello.) It's very delicious. Nice to meet you. I'd love to come. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. • Take two slices of bread. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. Then. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . See you. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. It has been two months since my last visit to you. cut cheese into slices. Then. She interrupts them. Mr Andre Posuma. Santi : Hi. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. but I've got an exam tomorrow. my name is Lina. This is about our appointment. great.. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Dr Fauzi : Well. See you there. Fauzi. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Dr Fauzi : Bye. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. Bye. Then. One day. Doni : Great. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. his friend calls him. • Cut some cheese into slices. Activity 3 1. Thank you very much. but I can't come. He had a friend. Lina : It's very simple. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. decide. and watching drama. it won't surprise you. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Fany : That's OK. By the way. 6. Rita : Wow. 9. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. who always sees him for general check up. Fauzi. novels. (Lina takes the sandwich. Spread butter on each piece. put the other piece on the top. How about tomorrow morning? 8. I don't think I can come to your party. I'll promise I'll be there. 4. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. I'm very sorry. Mr Posuma : Alright. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. It's me. We can meet next time. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2.. Let's meet at ﬁve.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. I'm sorry I'm late. They enjoy reading stories. This is Andre. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. Andre. Thank you for asking me. Lina : No. Dr Fauzi : OK. You will come to my birthday. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. I'll decide to come or not. Nice to meet you too. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. Fany. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Dr Fauzi : See you. After that. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. I have nothing to do. please. After a long silence. 10. Arief and Rita have a chat. I think . I'd love to. First. Activity 8 1. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. There is someone approaching her. I'll be at your house at 8. Lina continues her reading. 7.00 in the morning. that's OK. Finally. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. The g irl : I'm Fanny. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. I will attend a meeting. I'm sorry I can't make it. It's OK. A girl : Excuse me. take two pieces of bread. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. the girl offers something.
thanks. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. Make your folds as sharp as possible. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. Draw a face on your whale. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. It contained £50. 3. Take out the egg and let it cool. 4. say you want to make four cups of coffee. 8.' The manager was sympathetic. then unfold it. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. 5. you take it off the stove. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. You will have a crease in the centre. 6. 4. I'm Smith. James : Thanks for your help. Alex : Good morning. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. "I left the money in my room. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's ofﬁce and sat down. Leave it for three minutes. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. When it starts to boil. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. "Well. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. Put some water in a pot. Then you light the gas. "and it's not there now. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. Then. Here it is. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. Add boiling water. Now. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. What you have should look like a kite. Activity 11 1. Boil the water for three minutes. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. 2. Jim. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. 1. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. Heat the water. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. OK? You put four cups of cold water.' he said. 7. Pour it into a glass or cup. 5.' I said.' she said. So. Put an egg into the water. Jim. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. and when it reaches the top. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. and stir it. 3. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. Jim : Don't mention it.2. Place the paper on a ﬂat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. 2. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. Add some sugar or milk. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. thanks a lot. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. 1994 Tapescripts 173 .' I said to the manager. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. Santi : Din. or else it'll overﬂow and make a terrible mess. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. See? OK? Andre : Yes. but he could do nothing. I'm ﬁne. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. 3.
Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. I got the highest score for the test. shouting. 8. "Oh. On the way home. 3. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. It is me. You are so kind. Desi. • I like your hair style! • You're terriﬁc/fantastic. Andi. terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. 7. My stomach can't take any more food. Andi. Desi : Never mind Andi. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. Desi : Wow. It's my pleasure. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. 4. he meets Desi. his friend. I passed my ﬁnal exam 5. too. saying at the same time. Desi : Hi. Andi : Thank you very much. no. You know what. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. My brother won a national singing contest. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. that's amazing. 2. • May I congratulate you on ….The following text is for questions 11 and 12. 1. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. I've got it. Taken from English Bestseller 12. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. Andi. 5. the farmer's youngest son ran in. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. 6. this is really delicious. Andi. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 3. Tie the ends together. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. I got a scholarship to study abroad. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 6.' Just then. Joko : It's a terriﬁc job. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. By the way. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. 2. 3. 2. Activity 3 1. 8. You look great today! I love your new hair style. Andi : Oh. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. How are you doing? Andi : I am ﬁne. I know you are very smart. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. Desi : Thanks.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. Andi. 7. The next day. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. • Well done! • Fantastic/terriﬁc! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. politely saying. thanks. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. "This is enough for me. Your performance is amazing. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. In the course of the meal. You look great. I'm so happy right now. 4. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. Desi. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. I guess it's just my luck. Desi : That's great. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily.
C. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. : : : : : : : : : : : : Activity 3 1. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. How kind of you. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. After lunch she started to paint." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. In the afternoon she ﬁnished the lower part of her house. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Fine. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. This man has saved y our daughter's life. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. Sangkuriang 4. And you? I'm just ﬁne. one on top of the other. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. 5. Thanks. The police have found your missing purse. Here it is and thanks. The entire ediﬁce is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. and in ten minutes all job was done. and she worked very carefully. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. Great. The Romans. I have kept the package for you. 4. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. Where do they originally come from? 1. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. thank you. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Hello Yuni. Activity 5 A. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. sure. It worked very fast. Thanks.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. Malin Kundang 2. and the walls are bigger. Thanks. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. It's all right. My house is more beautiful than yours. "Broom. By the way. 3. Henry. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. B. "my friend was right. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. please. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to inﬁltrate the strong roman defense. The Witch was very happy. The Red and White Onions 3. Yuni. Here it is. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. thanks. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. That she got an idea. Please come in and have a seat. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. in southwestern England. When she looked around the room. How are you this morning? Hi. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . I have to repaint it. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. she said "Your house is ugly. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. I'll tell him.
dear. Are you serious? 4. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. : I'm serious. I tell you the truth. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. Are you serious? 6. 2. that's very surprising. Father : We know how it feels. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Please. in July. Father : Oh. I can't imagine that. What a surprise! 2. That's very disappointing. News 3 Lately. It seems that he brings bad news for us. What a shocking. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. You must be kidding. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. be quiet. pay attention to our leader. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. It's very tragic.OK my friends. guys. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. No. He ﬁnds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. 5. Thousands of people were killed. Many people became homeless. no. 7.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. no! Another disaster? (Then.. 3. Oh really? Is it true? 3. : Keep calm guys. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. from April 18 to 20. South Jakarta. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. I don't believe it.) Iwan : Yeah. : Oh. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. Many roads are ﬂooded. Aldi : Shh. please! I have something to tell you. I ﬁnd that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. Iwan : Dad. This is terrible.. I don't believe it. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. Besides its thousand doors. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. Really? 4. South Jakarta. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. We will have a holiday someday. Andi : Attention. Good heavens! 6. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Well. My goodness! 5. He told me about our holiday. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. The tender process for the project is expected to ﬁnish by the end of June. " The design of the park is under way. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron.. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand. How very surprising/amazing." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall.
Rani : Thanks. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. : I'm busy. The regulation. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. Kristin : I can't come to your party. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of ﬁnish homework. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. game consoles. paralysing trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. My brother is ill. : Let's meet at 8. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. Tanti : Hey.000. Herman. the regency's capital.. 2004 Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia.com on Monday." Mochtar said.m. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. The following text is for questions 8 to 12. Agus : Well done. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. no TV. "The study time must be effective. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. 1996 3. he said. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. in time for National Education Day. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? Tapescripts 177 . ﬁve hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. The trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. During study time. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. November 18. A staff of the local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road.000. Rita : Thank you. with four Premier League games to go." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. 1.m. I don't think I can make it. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. when cereal prices began rising. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. would be issued on May 2. He is in the hospital now. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. In addition. to 7:30 p. Since early 2007. "My ofﬁce is still drafting the regulation on study time.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. You deserve to get that award.00.
178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . got 2. Activity 2 1. Event 3 : When I got back to town. went 5. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. 10. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. 7. Desi. 8. Let me introduce you to Lina. 3. He was walking down Sunda Street. than 8. At noon when it was getting darker. played magic tricks. 4. Linda was born in 1952. Nice to meet you. (b) Hi. Activity 8 1. 28th 2008 at 8. 7. she does. No. 3. at 4:00 in the afternoon. She talks to Lina. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. Hi. (b) Glad to meet you. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. 2. (a) I'm just ﬁne. 5. c 3. this is Santi. 2. well. had 7. He was looking for a record store. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. happy. she didn't. My name is Rian 6. Yes he did. 3. 5. 5. 4. Santi. danced. He was very friendly. speechless. 7. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. Activity 4 1. 2.00 p. I'm Deni.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. I'm Dian. He was so surprised. Activity 4 1. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 2. this Lina. c 4. 3. Lina. She confuse. 6. Nice to meet you too 8. swam 11. 5. as I said. Yes. Activity 10 1. How are you? 3. Activity 3 1. Allow me to introduce myself 3. Bye. 4. quiet 4. 4. Take care. We went camping. (b) Hi. 2. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. A piece of paper that the man gave. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. In March. believe 9. too. 4. Good morning 5. 4. 5. 2. Andika did. She was so surprised. lazy 10. (b) Good morning. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. 6. It takes place in the city park.m. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. I must go now 9. 3. saw 6. We sang. Rudi. It took for about one and a half hour. My name is Lina. She also introduces herself. Nice to see you. Activity 5 1. spent 12. get 3. She says see you. Activity 3 1. b 5. Good morning 2.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. read poetry. a Activity 8 1. 5. there wasn't much left. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. She was born in October 31. b 2.
she didn't. opened 2. Rosaura. 4. 6. I'll take care of it. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Because the colour of the petals of the ﬂowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. Rosaura ran away from her house. 4. 5. A folk tale. 8. No. Activity 8 1. Answer may vary. proud 4. Answer may vary. great 3.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. She cried in front of me. How awful! 5. they couldn't. fable. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. 7. 2. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. Activity 7 1. Metro-Goldwyn 4. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. Activity 4 Answers may vary. legends. You have my sincere condolences. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. asked 7. 8. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the ﬁelds. He is looking for some books for his assignments. 6. I'm so glad right now. Activity 4 1. I'm so sorry to hear that. adventure novel. 10. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. blessed Dialogue 2 1. Boni and Panji. (a) Oh. Six peoples. 2. Activity 2 1. Legends. They didn't not know each other. superhero comics. 2. Answer Key 179 . 3. 2. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. Superhero ﬁction. Answer may vary. happy 2. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Hiding from her mother and father. that's too bad 6. 3. 9. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. Fitra. No. That's terrible 3. The red ﬂowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 5. Activity 3 1. 3. Putra. nightgown on 3. Sally was listening to music in her room. It's about ﬁnding the story books. 10. Answers may vary. 8. 3. Activity 6 1. 5. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. 7. even stand up 2. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. that's good news. disappeared 8. Activity 9 1. Did you hear 4. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. a basket of food 6. Answer may vary. Harry Potter 3. 2. (a) How terrible! 3. 7. 4. 2. Ridwan. waited 5. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Sangkuriang 4. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. 9. Folk tales books 5. saw that 4. I'm so happy for you. 4. 4. (b) Oh really? That's great. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1.
tomatoes and cucumber. 3. I'm sorry I can't make it. • Then. Let's meet at ﬁve. d 17. • Finally. 15. Review 1 A. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Activity 2 1. b d a c a Listening 6. a 5. you can break in two or three eggs. Do you want some? 3. on the top. then press the tilt adjustment knob. It's OK. 8. 3. Twenty eight. How to Boil an Egg. 5. Eighty six percents. Being friendly. Activity 3 1. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. vegetables. 4. 2. 10. d 4. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. push the pin on top of the motor 4. 4. Invitation. • Stir the mixture and add salt. 3. if you like. 13. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 5. Activity 7 1. Turkish coffee. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. Answers may vary 3. 2. • Now. garlic. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. Activity 2 1. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. 8.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. Invitation. To move the fan up or down. b a c c b 16. To make the fan move sideways. Could you tell me 5. Thirty students. Nice to meet you. a 3. 4. After that 7. I'd love to come. Certainly. 9. 2. d 2. To change the speed of the fan. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 6 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. Activity 10 1. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. Being friendly. Ask a friend. press one of the switches at the bottom. How to Make a Cup of Tea. Activity 2 1. Answer may vary. 6. Would you like to come to my house? 2. • First. 12. 2. I'll be there 6. First. 2. 7. pepper and other spices. I'd love to. c b a b d 11. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese ﬂour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector ﬁrst then next ﬁnally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. meat and eggs. • The best vegetables to use are onions. I'm sorry. 4. Activity 4 1. 7. Activity 8 1. 14. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. that's OK.
40. 30. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. b 2. 21. 36. Thank you very much 4. False 3. 7. Answer Key 181 . I do. 10. You look great today 3. 6. it started Activity 10 1. A family is helped by the ﬁreﬁghters from being trapped in a ruin. 2. No. come over 2. bought read Put shave killed. b 5. 4. Activity 6 1. 39. 7. How are you doing 2. 3. 4. a c c b c C. 26. b 5. True 2. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. Reading 18. 43. 5. they didin't. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. True Activity 9 1. A dragon. 44. 24. more beautiful 3. 29. Activity 3 1. c Activity 2 1. 8. looked around 5. 20. a paint brush 10. (k) One day. It is me terriﬁc job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 32. d 34. a 4. c 4. True 6. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. e 3. a 3. Grendel 2. A special sword. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. 5. Congratulations 6. She went to the castle and killed a knight. 27. 6. Yes. he felt very tired 3. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. False 8. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. Fifty years. 25. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. True 7. b 35. ﬁnished 8. ran away. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. 4. 42. b 4. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. Well done! 7. Is it true 2. 22. 9. shouted 4. Activity 8 1. 45. True 5. started to 7. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. I think so. c d b a a 41. I'm so happy 5. 4. 6. 37. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. while he was going from one village to another. a 3. 31. the the a Yes. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. The wax statue is melted by a ﬁre at the House of Wax. d a a d c 28. 19. went to the shop 6. Activity 4 1.B. Writing 23. 33. 3. a 2. 38. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. False 4. Activity 3 1. 3. He died. found out 9.
c 12. The wall is from stone and the ﬂoors. Activity 2 1. She'd love to. 2. on 7. l 13. F 4. 7. e 6. 5. A steep gorge. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . T 5.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. b 4. for 5. and roofs are from wood. h Activity 4 1. thanks 1. 9. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. of 10. 6. near Activity 13 1. Lawang Sewu 3. 4. 90 years old. Activity 5 A. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Canada and the United States.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. East of the cave. Activity 2 1. for 3. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. Activity 7 Answers may vary. And so on. T 2. Activity 10 1. Africa Time of building: 1. 3. Ardi does. 5. of 11. Yes. g 7. a 3.8 kilometre). 3. Activity 3 1. in Tabuhan. 5. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). landmark Location: in the South Paciﬁc. Wareng village. 3.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. how grateful I am. I won't say no. F 3. 11. he is.5 mile (0. b 5. 2. 4. of 6. in 13. k 4. thanks 4. Activity 12 1. 8. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. 6. Thanks. of 4. a 2. 3. stained glass windows 5. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. he can. 5. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. how kind of you. On Sunday morning. Picture 1 Activity 6 1.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. 4. long winding corridors 6. for 12. doors. at 9. 3. 3. 2. a thousand doors 4. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. 7. historical buildings 2. 6. thank you 3. in a lime hill called Tapan. for 15. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. Returning sport magazine he lent. of 8. j 2. 4. coconut-palms and birds. It is on Niagara River. Activity 3 1. to 14. 2. Picture 2 B. for 2. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. a 8. f 3. b 10. Activity 8 1.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. 5. 2. Wiyogo. m 11. Easter Island Answers may vary. i 9. 8. d 5. Picture 3 C. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. Yes. thanks 2. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-riceﬁelds. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. 10. It's all right. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys.
Paragraph 17 3. Lights. Oahu. they do. How the Tower of London was. News 2 4. 6. entertainment centers 6. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. Paragraph 14 2. Paragraph 3 4.K. will force 2. Are you serious? 2. Activity 5 1.'s ﬁnest castles. Yes. crowded 4. Kauai. we can't. huge 2. and years of imprisonments. In 1999. execution. so gloomy 6. regulation 3. Since then it has been a fortress. How the Tower of London is now. Paragraph 7 5. Attention 4. Activity 7 1. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. F 9. F 3. I don't believe it. Oh. News 6 3. and a prison-the scene of murder. News 5 Activity 9 1. F 7. no! 4. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago.8. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. a palace.700 kilograms. "Fine".250 euros per person for seven nights. As little as 1. 5. F 10. Activity 5 1. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. from colourful shirts. Oh. Activity 2 1. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. draw 3. Paragraph 10–12 2. Full board. 2. 7. F 5. issued 4. showing nine centuries of British history. This is terrible. T 4. Big Island and Maui. T 2. 2. News 1 5. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. F 6. They contain a description of places. 3. 9. 9. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 7 1. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. Activity 4 The Tower of London was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. Answer Key 183 . dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. phrases. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 10. 4. A plain big stone. lovely 5. 3. to study 5. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. is the home of the Crown Jewels. T 8. News 3 2. look! 2. ceremonies. 3. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. and. No. through ﬂower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. T Activity 6 1. News 4 6. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. 3. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. 8. It also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays. The Tower is one of the U. bad news 5. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land.
e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 17. but 44. 52. 7. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. 18. a d a c 39."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. ending statements Activity 3 1. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. c 58. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. b 57. 11. 6. Jazz forecast All weekend." 5. a 5. 31. b c 24. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. T 2. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. date 5. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. 15. quotes 8. 12. before 49. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. 54. 4. but 48. B. Alya said. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. 30. 3. d b 25. T Activity 5 1. introductory paragraph 3. 16. 13. d d 26. 50. T 5. 3. 33. they have. 35. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. 20. b a 22. 41. 42. Answers may vary. c 21. and schools." asked Nia. Activity 4 1. Review 2 A." 2. 38. Between the age of two and six." said Mrs Zakia. 8. 36. Those 46. 40. Activity 9 1. These 47. b c c a 9. 29. 1. T 3. 51. In the room where top scientists meet 4. 3. 34. 53. Hamdan asked. The students visit the national museum. 2. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. Yes. 2. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. b a d c Listening 5. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 10. From the time of birth. caption 7. "Meet me in my ofﬁce. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. Ministry of Defence. 37. F 6. for 45. 32. a 56. b 2. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. a Activity 7 1. Reading C. a 3." said Mr Ardi. d b 28. d 55.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. b c 27. Activity 2 1. "Please return my books that you borrowed. b 4. headline 2. photograph 6. The students were given a new book by the teacher. The man said. 19. "The team' means parents. 14. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. the events 4. students. c c 23. F 4.
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