Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d

: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm

DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliografi: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul

Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...

Namun. digandakan. dapat diunduh (down load). Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Jakarta. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. dicetak. Kami berharap. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Pemerintah. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Oleh karena itu. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. dalam hal ini. pada tahun 2008. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. dialihmediakan. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii .

for facilitating us to publish our work. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. support and encouragement. July 2008 iters iv . cultural knowledge. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. especially the editors and team. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. problem solving. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various fields of science to prepare you to go to university. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). Last but not least. convention. Hopefully. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. reflection and language use. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. These activities explore your creativity. acting out dialogues. collaboration. Bandung.

12. 16. Each chapter consists four language skills. 11. 14. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. 4. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 7.e. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. Reading and Writing. v . 17. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 6. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 3. Learning Reflection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. 13. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 5. 8. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. Speaking. Englishclub. Listening. 15. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. i.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. 10. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. 2. 18. 9. Title introduces the theme of the chapter.

and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing d iary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 1 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ i ii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing.

Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________102 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .

Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________128 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________128

Chapter 6
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________152

Review2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178

Source: Publisher's Documentation

viii

Chapter

1
Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation

It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
Listening:
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries

Speaking:

Reading:

Writing:

1

Listening
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.

Activity 1

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

Source: Publisher's Documentation

1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?

Activity 2

Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later

2

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

. Rudi. Nice to see you. a. Hello. so I have a friend to share with. Cut Nia. How are you? I'm just fine. Rian : . . a. Desi. b. 5. She meets Rian. How do you do? Hi. ivillage. Glad to meet you. For example: You will hear: Hello. .3 . Pay attention to the responses of greeting. a. What's our ame? y n The correct response for the expression is . parties. Nice to meet you. dinners and other social situations.. The correct response is (b) Hi. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. a. My name is Risa. a. 1. b. We are in the same class. Today is the first day at school for Dian. Good morning. right? Dian : 7 I saw your name in the students' list of my class. You can find how to make proper introductions at business functions. Then. Mari Memasak Sendiri.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. . 8 9 10 . Rian : Oh. What's your name? Good morning. Englishclub. b. . Good bye. Cut Nia. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. . It's Nice to See You 3 . I'm Deni. Dian : Really? Good. Dian : 1 4 5 6 ..2 . I'm Cut Nia. I'm your neighbour.com. Rian : Yeah. too. What's your name? Hi. b. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you. 4. Anyway. b. My name is Edo. they introduce each other. right. a. Bye. Cut Nia.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Rian : Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. Nice to meet you. Good morning. By the way. Hi. My name is Edo. introducing and parting expressions. b. 3. 2.

hometown and address. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at first? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 4. 3. 3. you meet your father's friend. Introduce yourself to them.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. 5. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You meet a new classmate at school. 5. 1. 6. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Ask his/her name. 4. Introduce yourself to him/ her. 4. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it briefly. When you are going shopping with your father. 2. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 2. You can add any information related to the questions. 1. 1. 7.

where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Mitha : Oh. 4. nice to meet you too. Mirna : Well. shorts. I bought shirts. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. I swam and surfed on the beach. 3. I had a great vacation there. I went to Bali. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. Toni. Toni : Hello. 10. It sounds great. sit down. Then practise it with your friend.. 9. Mirna : Wow. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Johny? Mr. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. 8. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. d. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. 1. Mitha a. Johny : . 7. 6. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. Mirna : Anyway. and also traditional clothes. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Mirna : Hi. it's nice to hear your story.. c. d. Mirna. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. 5. I also played football and sand with my brother. How do you do Mr. b. This is Mr. 2. Mr.. Harry : Good morning Mit.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. I see. Sir. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. Johny..

Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and fill in the following form based on the text you heard. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Yogyakarta April. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. so I was the one who talked to people. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . but he was afraid to open his mouth. See you soon. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. It was a really great place. but no tourists. I (hope). Love to your parents. I (swim) two or three times a day. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. The people are friendly. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. the food's great. but it was fun to try.

Asep.com Study the following dialogues. I'm Denias. 2. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. say greetings and partings. How about you? Sri : I'm fine too. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. I'm from Papua. Sri : Hi. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. How are you? Asep : I'm fine. Thank you. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. Asep : Elvi. Asep : Hello. Denias : By the way. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. Nice to meet you. 1.ivillage. Denias : Hi. Denias : Hi. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a specific relationship to you. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. I can spend my whole day for cooking. My name is Ali. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. Let's go to the crowd. Asep : Nice to meet you too. this is Denias. Source: www. my new friend. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. let me introduce myself. 3. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta.Speaking In this section. Act them out with your friends'. It's Nice to See You 7 . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. perform a monologue of recount texts.

I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. Don wants to meet you c. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Andi : Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you. My hobby is cooking too. too.. Yani : Hello. Don : Pleased to meet you too. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. Read the dialogues once again. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Andi : Excuse me. Nice to see you. Asep : Alright my friends. Cipto : How do you do. his new colleague at the airport. It's nice and exciting. then. How's the trip? Yani : Well. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. Cipto : Great. Cipto.. a. I'm Cipto Susanto. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. let's talk about cooking later. Cipto this is Yani. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. I'll take you to the Hotel first. Thanks. thanks. Andi : OK. Andi : How do you do. Cipto. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . It was fine. Andi : Not at all. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. We can talk about cooking later. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. great.. Cipto. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. Cipto : That's very kind of you. You must be tired. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Don is my friend b. introducing. too. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. . Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto.

it's been so nice. How nice to see you Hello. My name is ... How do you do? Not bad. Hi! I'm .. Oh look. Goodbye.What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. meeting and parting. Let me introduce you to .. thanks. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself.... I'm .. Yes... Good afternoon. My name's . Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. Good afternoon. Hello. See you later.. I'd like you to meet .. introducing. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . Fine..... Allow me to introduce my self. Goodbye. Good morning. See you. Bye. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night.. Do you know ...... Peter–Jeny... here's Peter. Excuse me my name's . This .. It's Nice to See You 9 . How do you do? My name is . Hello! My name is . Good evening.. Allow me to introduce .... Bye.. Good evening. How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night.

your friend. 3. At a meeting. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on fifth Avenue. to your father. Dewi. 2.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. to you. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • flag-flags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. 4 . you introduce Mr Lubis. Rendi : Mine's on tenth floor. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . introduces you to Tini. Haven't we met before? Rendi : I don't think so. Then practise it with your partner. Budi : Anyway. Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. his brother. 1. Budi : 1 . Budi : That's great. 4. I also stay there on eleventh floor. Budi. 2 Rendi : 3 Reni. Wayan is your friend. He introduces Sofyan. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. your English teacher. her sister. Budi : 5 . Sorry. I have to get going. Goodbye. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. Rendi : See you then. In the classroom.

Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. we held a fire camp night. Study the events. We sang. 5. We built the camp next to a small river. Then complete the following table with different names. 1. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some fish for supper. read poetry. I had a lovely time. danced. It was great. 3. On Monday. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . It was getting darker and colder. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. so we built a fire camp. 4. Last weekend. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. 2. The next day. At night. Look at the following example. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. 2. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. played magic tricks. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. I didn't do anything special. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. my friends and I went camping. For example: 1. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. No. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences.

in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class.m a.30 6 a. 3. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a fire camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the flowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m p.m p.m p. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.m p. 4. Saturday Sunday 6.m p.30 3. 5.m pm p. 2.m a.

D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. I found the record store and listened to a few records. 8. He was very friendly. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. 1. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. read and understand recount texts. but he really wanted me to have it. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 2. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he find in his wallet? Explain. He thanked me and tried to give me something. 3. 4. 1. 7. I thought it was money. 6. I was walking down Sunda Street.Reading In this section. I decided to buy it. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. 3. I said 'no' at first. 2. 5. so I took it. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. looking for a record store. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. and his face looked so familiar. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. It was a photo.

He walked for four miles. I wanted to take a taxi. but of course I missed it. Source: www. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Because he didn't see alarm clock. c. d. d. 3. visited . I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. Because his alarm clock didn't work. He walked for three miles. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed.use action words eg helped. How far did the writer walk? a. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. b. c.lmpc. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. First. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast.au. b. c. He gets a terrible day. b. Because he didn't set alarm clock. Then. c.edu. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. What happened to the writer yesterday? a.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. He has a terrible day. but I didn't have enough money. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.focus on individual people ie use the words. b. He had a terrible day. d.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . Because his alarm clock didn't go off. He got a terrible day. d. What did he do after having breakfast? a. He walked for two miles. Finally. Taken from Ready to Write. After breakfast. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.write in the past tense eg had. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. 2. Next. 4. He walked for five miles. crutched. 1. I or we . 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: .

forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. b. but of course I missed it. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. in what sequence. I had a terrible day yesterday. First. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. What does the writer hope? a. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. It's Nice to See You 15 . wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. 1. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. I wanted to take a taxi. c.5. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and find their synonyms. Events: tell what happened. The writer hopes to take a taxi. missed /mɪsd/ 6. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. d. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.

I remembered all my lines. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her finger. It wasn't a regular day. • • • • • • Use at with specific times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. After praying and taking a bath. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. Finally. So. we had a romantic dinner. At seven. took a little walk and went to a movie. I was a little bit crazy. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch." After driven her home I went back to my house. because I was about to propose a girl. I met her at four o'clock. Then she said "Yes. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. Taken from New Horizons in English. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. Study the prepositions of time and the example. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. Work in pairs. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. it was three o'clock. At one o'clock. She smiled. Yes. I had my early breakfast.

1. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. Only after my mother was totally satisfied would I be allowed to rush out of the front door. 5. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. 1952. Adapted from www. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. 3. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. I lived in Jakarta 1995 1998. 2.lmpc.au It's Nice to See You 17 . 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 4. morning and arrives in Singapore Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. Tuesday I'll meet you for lunch noon.edu. She takes the Saturday 9. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. Linda was born October 31.00 the train 10:45. 4:00 She was born the afternoon.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with specific dates: on June 30 on April 21.

March.00 p. 2. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. 28th 2008 08. 4. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. This morning Andika called me. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. 5. I was surprised. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. 3. Confuse. 5. 4. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. Answer the questions that follow. Write it in your diary.m. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 3. 2. write recount texts. 1. Happy. Speechless.Writing In this section. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary.

.. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph. I flew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. I went to south America and finally back home to Indonesia. Remember to begin with topic sentences. First. I came in to the class and greeted the students.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. After through Asia.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order.00 12. He wrote his journey in his diary.30 10. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule. I spent a week in New York and then flew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe.30 11. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia. At 08. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order.30-9.00-10.30-11. Activity 4 Study the following schedule. It's Nice to See You 19 . When I had seen the sights in Europe.30-12.00 9.00 1.. Tuesday 08..00-1.30.00-3.

her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. Write it in your workbook. so I rang her and asked her for a date. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. then she moved to rembang. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. his name was singgih.peperonity. decide the conclusion at each stage. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difficult talking to her.recount. her mother. he started talking about himself. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. kartini. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. but after giving birth to a son. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. her father was rmaa. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. the head of rembang regency. everyone knows who kartini is. Rewrite it using your own words. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. and there was no stopping him. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. nowadays indonesian women progress is influenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. As you read the text. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. He telephoned me and invited me to see a film and I accepted.com Activity 6 Read this story. She wouldn't say a word.

I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. Then he suggested that we took a bus. I almost died of embarrassment. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. I explained that I was Maya's date. I was getting ready. but she kept muttering throughout. I wasn't even hungry. I never want to see him again. I didn't know where to look. She behaved terribly. I think she was impressed by my suit. She refused everything that I offered her. It was awful. The film was very funny. He was so insensitive. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outfit he was wearing. and never apologized. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. She's a real snob. His story She was a real bore.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. His story I got there on time. She explained that she was still full from lunch. and you should have seen Maya's face when she first came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. His story I would never call her again. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. One date with her was more than enough. I wanted to crawl into a hole. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive.

d. b. c. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . After a few weeks. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. e. Although the passengers were safe. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 a. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch fish from the sea to eat. the passengers were eating raw fish and meat. It was an interesting film about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Pacific Ocean.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. nobody knew where the plane had crashed.

h. After they had been on the island for two months. j. My sister and I went to see a film last night. 4. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. Activity 8 Yesterday. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. Consider the following. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to find help. g. 1. But their boat sank and they were drowned. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. But my sister and I enjoyed the film. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience.f. She put the things on her list in time order. i. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. 2. 3. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. The film ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. k.

Language Functions a. b. you are expected to be able to: 1. my name is Dewi. say greetings and goodbye.Events : . respond to oral instructions. 5. • See you later. Introducing • Hi. I am Deri.Chapter Summary 1. How do you introduce yourself? 2. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • Good night. answer the questions: 1. 3. write a recount text. Parting • Goodbye. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. • Hello. 7. identify the structure of recount texts. 2. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. • Good evening. meeting and parting.Orientation : . c. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. 8. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . introduce yourself and others. Now. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 4. • Good morning. If you find some difficulties. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. What do you say to greet people? 3. respond to the expressions of introducing. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. perform a monologue of recount texts.Re-orientation : 2. 6.

Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .

What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus.Listening In this section. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. respond to narrative texts. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. 1. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

It gives me satisfaction. Oh really? That's too bad. b. 7. 2. 5. 4. a. b. Oh. 3. 6. 1. 8. The best response is …. How errible! t I'm delighted to hear that. a. I'm delighted to hear that. that's bad news. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. a. How poor she is. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. 3. b. I'm sorry to hear that. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. that's good news. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. Oh really? That's great. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 .Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. b. 5. Oh. b. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. I'm so happy. Then. b. a. a. 2. 1. 4. a. repeat the words and expressions. Is that right? That's too bad. No. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that.

. . Where is he now? Is he in the Andi : 5 hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. priorities and values). I'm so 4 to be your Mom. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. sympathy and affection. experiences.about. He couldn't 4 legs. Source: www. Andi : I'll 6 New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. our history. his friend. . Andi. in the hospital right away. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. Mother: My dear daughter. He must have skidded in the rain. has just got an accident. 1 was riding his motorcycles? ! What happened? Andi : Oh really? 2 Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. that Rudi fell off when he Deni : Hi. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. Was he badly injured? Andi : Oh 3 Deni : Sure. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. experiences. priorities and values). He broke his Deni : He was. When do we go there. Andi : He wasn't. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. their history.g. Rudi. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. was he? .com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . She is very happy. Hani : Thanks Mom.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. Mom.g. he was such in pain. Hani : Thanks for your praise. experiences. experiences.

It's got Rp. 1. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. 4. You get a free ticket for this holiday. 7. 8.on it. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. 7.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. I heard that Budi was in jail. 6. 3. Well done. Rendi was knocked down by a car. You got a great mark for the final test. Then make the best response for each expression. 8. on the TV news. Congratulations. 2. 100. He was arrested for traffic violence. 4. 5. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. 3. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. 2. He was in hospital for five weeks. I've lost my wallet somewhere. Number one has been done for you. You get Rp 10. 3. 1. Yesterday. 2. 5. You are excellent and brilliant. Did you hear that Mr. 4.000.000 credit bonus. Many people died and got serious injured. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . I saw a bad thunder storm in California.

She had a nightcap and 6 approached no nearer than twenty-five it feet from the bed when she 7 was not her grandmother but the wolf. The little girl said yes she was. Taken from Readings to Remember. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to to her come along carrying 2 grandmother.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the into little girl told him and he 4 the woods. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conflict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the When the little girl 5 door of her grandmother's house. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother lion looks like Calvin than 8 Coolidge. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. Finally. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. However. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. she saw there was somebody in bed with . 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. Then. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf.

It gives me a great pleasure. 10. What a shame. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 2. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. 9. I'm so happy. It's really great. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. Your brother has a problem. 7. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . 1. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. 8. what are the expressions? 4. 6. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. I know how it feels. 1. It makes me happy. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. I'm delighted to hear that. Are you fine? Oh dear.Speaking In this section. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. 4. What a nice news. One of your friends had an accident. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. 5. 3. He looks sad.

Then act them out in front of the class. I hope he'll be better soon. However. poor John. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. Ali. Retno : Dad. Basri : Of course. Retno : Mommy. Ivan. I'm so happy right now. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. : Oh. Ali : Thanks. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mother : Yes. where is mom? Father : She is back there.. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that.. Go tell your daddy. I am going to work. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. you know. d. She is very happy. The italicised sentence is used to express . What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. It's always hard to lose someone you love. c. Mother : I'm right here. e. You don't look very happy. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. What's up? Retno : Mom. b. Retno : Yes. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. Come on. I will. Mommy…. Basri : Hi. Pay attention to your expressions. It's lovely. that's wonderful. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. this week has been so terrible for me. I can't still believe that she's gone. I hope so. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. no. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues..

I'm so happy. What a terrible situation for you... Oh that's awful. I'm delighted to hear that. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . I'm extremely sorry to hear that. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be fine. sorry to hear that. Hooray! It's lovely. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. I'm with you. Oh dear. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. It gives me a great pleasure. I do sympathise (I assure you). Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. sympathy and affection..

for Mother : Oh really. Your friend's father has passed away. you know what. Use the expressions you have learned. make dialogues based on the following situations. You have my sincere Mr A ndrew : Oh. I'll take . Eka : Thank you. that's excellent. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. . now. Sir. Ranti : Thanks Mom. He is very happy. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Eka? Eka : Well. Then practise them with your friends'. mommy…. I'm you. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. I'm so Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. I'm afraid I cannot finish my job at the moment. Take all the time you need. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Mr A ndrew : Are you serious? We need to finish this project right away. Activity 5 Now.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Mother : I'm right here. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. 1. Eka : Excuse me. 2. I'm . Eka : I know that Sir. Don't worry about this project. Wandi : Mommy. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Sir. Then act them out with your friends'. Sir.

a couple were fighting with each other. Then. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . Taken from English Bestseller 12. he went to a village where there happened to be a fire. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. the people there would have bought salt from him. again to be chased away. 4. 2.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. only to be thrown out by the people. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. He first went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. 3. In the final event. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. Do a storytelling to your friends. When he returned home. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. Rushing to the place. they would have bought his salt. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. the man saw two bulls fighting with each other. There he dug a huge hole. in which case they would have bought salt from him. This made the people angry and they chased him away. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. In the next place he went to. When he returned home. he started drumming and dancing. 1. He stepped in to stop the fight and was gored to death by angry bulls. if he wanted to sell salt there. His father told him that he should have poured water on the fire instead.

2. dug /dʌg/ 2. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. pour /pɔ:/ 4. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. Example: Let me tell you something. It could be a folk tale or a legend. events and outcome of the story. 1. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. 3. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. There was a rich man having three sons. death /deθ/ 8. characters.. Use the following steps as your guide. he gave them much money. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. As their sons were no longer children. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. Retell it in front of the class. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Well.. Make sure that you fully understand the story. Identify the setting. 1. Can't you imagine that .

folk alet d. Bear in the Barnyard. 2.com Visit www. At once curious and confident. May 10. a. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. adventure e. Decide the types of them. fable b. Choose one of your favourites. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. Use your dictionary to check new words. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. fantasy g. read and understand narrative texts. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. Source: Publishers Weekly. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . by Sue Robinson. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. and retell it in front of your class. science-fiction f.grimmfairytales. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. superhero c.Reading In this section. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. Activity 1 Answer these questions. 1. And so he experiments considerably. a Englishclub.

these monsters flee the bedroom when they discover the child. May 10. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. warty and winged. spiney red. It shows you types of fiction read by students in a class. Hairy green.5% 7. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What type of fiction do you like most? Others Adventure Science-fiction 15% 10% 5% Superhero 25% 10 12. by Paul Bright.b Under the Bed. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow.

You can use it to start your own business. the eldest son tried to shoot a fly on his father's forehead. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. The eldest son met a hunter. He thought that hunting would be fine so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. One day. You must do something to earn your own living. The second son met a basketmaker. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. he killed his father. 2. "You are no longer children. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. Now. he said to his sons. You must do the same. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. I am not going to leave you very much money. 3. Instead. What type of fiction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite fiction? Can you fill in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of fiction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. 4. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. he was very angry. When I die." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 .1. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. One day. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. They had spent all their money uselessly.

He returned the bag to him. What would you do with your money? 2. Several years later. "It feels so heavy. Sau Ling was very honest. They loved him very much." he said. It was full of small gold bars. They believed what the fortune-teller said." He looked inside. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. One day. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. in its place. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. he picked up his bag. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . They had no children. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. After finishing his meal. "That's strange!" he thought. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. they found a baby boy outside their door. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. Because of this. a young man came to the inn. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. The young man thanked him. they were very unhappy. When Sau Ling was a young man. a fortune-teller came to the house." he said. He put his bag on the floor near his table. "You are really very honest. 1." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. That evening. "You must send your son away.

The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. 2. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. 1. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. 7. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. "and take a holiday. 10.resolution father to give you a job. Then find their synonyms. 6. He left the house without saying a word. 5. 2000 Every text has its own structure. 3." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. He gave Sau Ling a good job." he said. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text." The young man's father was a rich merchant. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . Sau Ling told them what had happened. The fortune-teller was also present. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. complication. and resolution. 4. "But go home first. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. 8. 9.

"Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. Suddenly. "Rosaura! There you are. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. In her tangled black hair." called her mother. and heading for the fields. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. It was her favourite game." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. "Not yet. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . As soon as she had finished her food she slipped down from her chair. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. But Rosaura was already through the gate." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. "It's time for lunch. forgetting all about her hiding game. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterfly. But it was nowhere to be seen. His eyes scanned the fields for Rosaura's red ribbon. where are you going?" called her mother. She crouched quietly. her red ribbon fluttered. a bright yellow butterfly darted by.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. Rosaura ate her meal quickly." said her mother. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. "Rosaura. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the fields. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. As the sun reached the far side of the field.

4. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. 3. Her father looked away in disappointment. say the Indians. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. casting a red glow over the fields. But it was another red flower. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. staring over the field. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the field. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the fields and watched the red flowers dancing under the sun. "They will stay with us!" Every year. But they could find no red ribbon. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a flower before. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. is how the red poppy came to be. but the red petals of a flower. "She was always happier in the fields. 2. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. 1. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. It was filled with red flowers swaying and fluttering in the tall grass. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. "I see her!" he cried. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father find her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 ." said Rosaura's father. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. looking for the red ribbon. And that. As the sun came up bright and strong. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the field. Now the sun had set.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura." said her mother. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. In the dawn. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. As night fell. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. 5.

ancient Greek. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. 1. existing in ancient Egypt. Affirmative Rosaura ate her meal quickly. and Indian culture. 2. Source: www. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In affirmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use infinitive. We can change the sentences into negative and question form.wikipedia. What did Rosaura's father say about the red flowers filled the field? 9. 2. Negative 1. Her father looked away in disappointment. What do Indians say about the story? 10. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the flower were her ribbon? 7.6. Stories are of ancient origin. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Her father did not look away in disappointment. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. 1. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. 2. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. Chinese. Most of the humanities involve stories.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture.

It (come) suddenly I (see) right at my car. quietly by themselves. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 9. Some of the students. The other brakes and (swerve) my car by about an inch. car (miss. 3 4. 2. On one side of the room. I (choose) just) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. In a few minutes. Rosaura runs away from her house. students (talk. I (find. The room (be. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual . conversation (stop) I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. 1. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. 8. (sit. almost) down Washington Avenue when (drive) a car in my lane. finally) the right room. I (step) on the to the right. 6. Use simple past tense form. just) 2 It was my first day of class. She cries in front of me. 5. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. to each other in Spanish. 10. and some students (speak) in Arabic. They do not know each other. Other busily) Japanese. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. however.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. 7. already) full of students. I I (have. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. It sounded like the (converse) United Nations. a car accident last night.

The result was astonishing. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. From far away. Ekalaya finally encountered Arjuna. a young man watched the practice. Innocently. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. Durna's favourite student. Arjuna was surprised to find that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. Have you ever written a story? Is it difficult or not? What makes you feel difficult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. write narrative texts. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated.joglosemar. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa.Writing In this section. who was hunting in the forest. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master.co. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. When he met Ekalaya. 3. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. 4.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. He was Ekalaya. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. Angry and disappoin ted. Adapted from www. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. 1.

A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. Look at the following example. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery. The ideas above are developed into the first paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. It will guide you in writing a story. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. • There was a young man who watched the practice.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. In English. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 .

Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable.Activity 4 Study the following stories. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. breaking the bowl in the process." The blacksmith was very furious. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. You can use Story B as an example. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by filling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. Worried that he would be cheated. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. He tried to fit the bowl onto his head. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then. And he poured water into the hat. In the end. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. One day. He was not the best blacksmith. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. The sword broke instantly. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. destroying it.

1. • He was very angry with human beings. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. develop them into a short story. A Greedy Child 2. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. Here are some ideas to inspire you. especially hunters. Then. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter.

50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you are expected to be able to: 1. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. • You have my sincere condolences. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. respond to narrative texts. 2. write a recount text. sympathy. respond to expressions for showing happiness. . Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. and affection. sympathy and affection. express happiness. 8. Identify the structure of the text. for better or for worse. Language Functions a. perform a monologue of narrative texts. identify the structure of a narrative text. 7. If you find some difficulties. Now. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 3. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. Generic Structure . 4.Chapter Summary 1.Resolution : the crisis is resolved.Complication : a crisis arises. b. answer the questions: 1. What will you say when you are happy? 2. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. 2. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. . • It's really a great pleasure. 6.

Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .

Then. Where or when would you find this situation? 2. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. 2. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . accepting and declining an invitation. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. 1. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 4.Listening In this section. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. respond to oral instructions. 8. 7. 5. Source: CD Images 1. 6. answer the questions. 3.

How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature.express.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. but I can't come. Arief and Rita have a chat. For further tips visit to invite someone www. 8. I'll be at your house at 8. Now. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. 7. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. I'm very sorry. please. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. I'll decide to come or not. it won't surprise you. I'd like to. 3. He had a friend. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. 6. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. 2 ? 3 Rita : . his friend calls him. Mr Andre Posuma. 4. I have nothing to do. write. 2. Clever phrasing. 5. novels. They enjoy reading stories. great. I'd love to.00 in the morning. Thank you very much. On the way home. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. decide. and watching drama. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. 1. who always sees him for general check up. One day. Rita : Wow. but you should express the details clearly. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. Then. I don't think I can come to your party. 9. Then find any possible responses to each expression. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Would You Like to Come? 53 . 10. Dialogue 2 Dr. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. but I've got an exam tomorrow.

I will attend a meeting. Kambing guling is my favourite food. Andrea. : See you. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. 2. Thus is about our appointment. : Alright. : What's wrong? : Hmm. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight.m. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Then. . : . Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. We can meet next time. It's me. Fauzi. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. : Hi Andre. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ten minutes later. : OK. 1. 6 .Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : 5 : Bye. 7 : Well . : . Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. 3. Work in pairs. See you. Rudi : . Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. This is Andre. 4 . . Bye. Fauzi. . Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. actually.

A girl : Excuse me. 5. 2. . put the other piece 7 . A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Finally. There is someone approaching her. Lina : No.) It's very delicious.. Lina continues her reading. The girl : I'm Fanny. place the slices on one piece of the bread. my name is Lina. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. 6 . Fany : That's OK. Nice to meet you too. Fany.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. After a long silence. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. cut cheese into slices. Santi : Hi. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. the girl offers something. I think . take two pieces of bread. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blank spaces. Lina is reading a book in the city park. 3 . 8 I'm late. 3. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. Would You Like to Come? 55 . (Lina takes the sandwich. 4. Compare your answers to your friends'. Lina : It's very simple. By the way.. Spread butter on each piece. She interrupts them. 1 . 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Then. 1.

. Finally. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do. draw two lines . 3. you can now blow .. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. 4. cut inwards .. 1996 Instructions: 1. 2. After that. 5. fold over each point . 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials.... push the drawing pin . Match the following titles with the correct steps..... Next.... First.. Then.. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something.

1. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. a pencil. After listening. answer the questions. 1. 3. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 5. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 2. and scissors. a ruler. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. you will make a whale. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. 3. Then. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 2. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. 5. 4. 4. Things You Do 1. By seeing the pictures below. 2. list the stages involved in making the coffee.

you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. It's my birthday on Friday. I'll be free at that time. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Let's go jogging sometime. 2. 1. What about tomorrow tonight. 1. 4. we're having a party on Friday. Hey. 2. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 3. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. 5.Speaking In this section. accepting and declining an invitation. perform a monologue of procedure texts. Just wait for me. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. 3. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime.

Robi : Hi. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie.30. There will be a great film tonight. Ari : Well. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. I can't.. Rin. I'd love to. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment.. accept an invitation c. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme.. Be ready.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Ari : Well. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. It's about Nasreddin. The italicised sentence is used to . But you have to come to the clinic. Ira! This is Ari. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. Read and practise another dialogue. I have many matters to settle down. Sandra. how've you been? Ari : Alright. decline an invitation b. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Sandra : OK. I'd love to. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) Activity 4 59 . how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. that's great. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. ask for permission e. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. Ira : Hi. thanks. invite someone to go d. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Then act them out with your friends. a. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot X : Hi. Say.

.... I'd like to... All right (then). Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme.m. I can't. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you..... Bye.. • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to .... but .. Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting. L-I-T-A. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto. What a delightful idea... Thank you very much for inviting me. I can't .. • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will ... With the greatest pleasure. We should be pleased/delighted if you could . Shall we come to .. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. but . but . We'd very much like to .... Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there... You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p. Unfortunately... You must come to .... You will .. I'd love to.. I'm afraid I've already promised . Receptionist : Alright. OK! I'd like to love to come..m.? Dr. Mrs Lina Sugiarto.. accepting... That would be very nice.. 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p.. Like to come to .... I don't think I can. I'd very much like you to ... I wish I could. Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to . but . Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry...... Thank you for asking me. Bye. declining an invitation and an appointment.. Come and ... Receptionist : You're welcome. I don't think I can.. Would you care to .

You'll have a graduation party this evening. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. You invite a new student to join the party.. I'll promise I'll be there. this weekend is my special day. 3. I'll be there. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. 6. Invite this people to your party. You refuse. as he doesn't know anybody. See you. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. She/he promises that she/he will come. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. Would You Like to Come? 61 .. Oh. Wendy. I'll help you.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. The senior teacher. for a little party at my house this weekend. You are at school. I'm so sorry I can't make it. 1. I don't have any plans at this moment. o'clock. The headmaster. By the way. ? Sure. good. Then act it out in front of the class. He accepts it. You're welcome. Bye. 2. See you then. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : ? Hi. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. . How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . 4. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. He/She accepts. He doesn't want to accept. Well. OK. I don't think I can make it. 5. Thank you very much Wendy. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. He declines because he is busy. Persuade him to come. You accept.

Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. 3. 4. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 1. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally.

Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Sally : How do you . Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. . Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. what do you do? . Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Emily : Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Cut the chicken into small pieces. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Emily : Sally : Then.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Emily : Sally : And what do you do after that? . Yudi : All right. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. salt and a pan with a lid. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Then. a cup of rice. onions and green peppers into quarters. Use the following model. Yudi : Good. Fry with vegetables for five minutes. Cut up the tomatoes. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. pepper and spices. Sprinkle it with salt.

Add a little of salt and pepper. Then. 4. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. cut tomatoes. salt and pepper. 8 cups of water. 3. 3. When it has boiled. Add water.Ismail : First. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. 2. 4. Then. put the lid on and cook it for about fifteen minutes. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes. Well. 6. Next. Mix together egg and lemon juice. onions. (Continue with your own words. 2. ½ teaspoon of salt. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . small clove garlic. Heat until the water boils. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. Add rice and cook on low heat for fifteen minutes. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. first of all. 7. 5. fry them in a pan for five minutes. Be careful with the knife. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. Cook gently for three minutes. wash the rice in cold water. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. and garlic into small pieces. ¼ teaspoon of butter. spices. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. 1 small onion. and garlic into small pieces. onions. Cook gently for one hour. turn down the heat. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. spices. 5. Tell the class about it.

3. identify the structure of a procedure text. 4. 3. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual Ask a friend Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 26 28 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. 4. 2.Reading In this section. 2. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they find a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 1.

What do we do first to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. 4. 4. 2. then press the tilt adjustment knob. 1. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. namely goal. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. To move the fan up or down. How to operate a fan 1. first pull up the oscillating pin. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. press one of the switches at the bottom. 3. To change the speed of the fan. materials needed and methods or steps. In a how–to–text. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. push the pin on top of the motor. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kaffir lime leaves 1 tablespoon flour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. 2. Pay attention to the structure of the text.

drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 6. 13.english. 2. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. 10. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. 1.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. fried shallots and lime leaves. 3. 6. When the oil is hot. Source: www.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. unitecnology. 4. 8. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 4. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . Fry until golden brown on both sides. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 5. five or six at a time. drop the fritters into the oil. Stir in the flour. May 2. 11. 12. 15. 7. Pay attention to your pronunciation. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium flame. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. 14. 5. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and flatten a little with a fork. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. 2. 3. followed by the egg. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and find their meaning.

The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. craft shops. b. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. Before give an unusual gifts.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. Follow links until you find what you want. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. special d. a rare print b. Adapted www. a photo frame c. c.com 1. 2. a unique furniture d. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . A massage. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. Anywhere. In the internet. Moreover. costume makeovers. Look for gifts wherever you find yourself. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. a. especially when you were on a trip. weird c.howabout. it is suggested that we give … first a. Track down items such as rare prints. great b. d. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. Use the Internet. In an auction. The word well-known in the first line means …. In the craft shop. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. a day at the spa. Give a welcome service. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. 3. Visit art supply stores. So.

complete our collections c.g. unique d. Do be quiet." the teacher told the pupils. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. 5." 2. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. The word "do" could be persuasive. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. road safety rules. a. unitecnology. the photocopier. how to use the video. celebrate special moments Englishclub." said David. rare b.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e." said father. It functions as prohibition.g. sweet c. b. Do come on time. science experiments.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. Dian told Andi." asked the mother.g. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. important Giving gifts may be important to …. For further Information visit www.g. Would You Like to Come? 69 ." said the teacher. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. The word in the text that means not too many is …. how to succeed. the computer. 1." said mother. a. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. "Make sure the car is in neutral. b. e. make us unusual b. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet.g. "Stand up. a.english. You make sure the car is in neutral. "Press the stop button. b. "Don't hurry. recipes. You press the stop button. the fax. a. rules for games. (command) "Help me. 3. e. a. the tape recorder.4. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. but could also express irritation. get the recipient attention d. e. "Don't be noisy.

6. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. 4. The volume of the television is too loud. 10. 3. Report it to the class. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 4. Your uncle is writing a novel. What will your father say? It is 6 a.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. 3. 7. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 8. 2. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. 5. 1. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. He cannot concentrate his mind well. magazine or in the internet. 9. He always late although his wife often warns him. 1.m.

1.Writing In this section. 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 2. write procedure texts. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. • • • • • • • • next butter roast first pour finally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese flour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors first Would You Like to Come? 71 . 3. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table.

vegetables. Do it in pairs. • Stir the mixture and add salt. you will need some rice. pepper and other spices. you can break in two or three eggs.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. • The best vegetables to use are onions. • Then. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. • To make fried rice. if you like. garlic. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. • At the same time. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. The pictures will help you to arrange it. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • Now. • Finally. add it to the meat and the vegetables. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . tomatoes and cucumber. meat and eggs. cook the rice in another pan. • First.

c. It contains nine mistakes. Find the errors and correct them. a. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. After that. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. And then tested the voice level recorder. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. First. You must also twist off the flippers at end of tail section. It is not difficult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. e. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. use your fingers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. Next. b. d. Well.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. Work individually. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . Rewrite it using your own words. After these twisted off. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. first you have to plug in the cord. Then you can begin to record it. From the tail meat. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. remove the black vein. Finally.

Now. make and cancel an appointment. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . If you find some difficulties. Write a recipe of your favourite food. write an instruction or procedural text.. • Will you come with . Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . respond to oral instructions. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 6. invite someone. Declining an appointment • Sorry.. perform a monologue of procedural texts. 3. respond to expressions for an appointment. answer the questions: 1. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. • Join me. you are expected to be able to: 1. Write the method or steps clearly. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. identify the structure of procedural texts. • I'm sorry I can't make it. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. Generic structure .Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2.Chapter Summary 1. 7.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) . . 8. 4. 2... I don't think I can make it. respond to invitation.Goal... • I'll be there. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3.

The landowner. You are going to hear several short dialogues. The manager could call the police. a. The manager could help the man who lost his money. How nice to see you. 14. c. d. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. £5. Good evening. d. Where did the girl find the money? a. Inside the manager's room. b. I'd love to. The man losing his money. Nice to meet you. £150. Countryside. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. I won't say no. b. gratitude c. 2. Good af ternoon. The landowner's youngest son. a. c. Good morning. Seoul. 7. Hotel manager's office. 4. The manager could do nothing. What could the manager do? a. I'm fine. 9. d. d. thank you. The girl. b. Three tins. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. The farmer's oldest son. Where does the story take place? a. Good night. Four tins. c. a.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. 3. Inside the gentleman's room. 8. Two steps. Two tins. 1. d. 5. a. Who was shouting? a. c. Here is it. £50. Restaurant manager's office. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. Hotel lobby. Then. b. 75 . d. d. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. c. b. The farmer's youngest son. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. c. The manager. c. d. c. Five steps. Beijing. Thanks anyway. a. 13. b. c. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. c. 10. Three steps. b. d. How do you do. 6. b. Four steps. invitation d. c. £15. b. b. d. Here they are. b. It is here. Here it is. Outside the gentleman's room. c. b. Bank manager's office. Tokyo. Where was the landowner from? a. 12. d. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. choose the best answer. Five tins. d. offering b. Sorry I can't. 11. c. A. The hotel owner. Inside the waitress' room.

B. with salt and tissue–paper. not too hot. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. 17. once or twice. or butter and best lard. Then. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. and add a good teaspoonful of water. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. b. This takes half a minute. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. to the size of the omelette. we take six eggs. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. Angrily. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. The fryingpan must be made of iron. until large bubbles form on the top. d. c. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. b. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. Rudely. in other words. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. c. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. not of aluminium. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken." a. His stomach couldn't take any more food. our fryingpan is getting hot. tin or enamel. All this is a swift business. The flame is now turned down a little. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. in the middle. d. b.15. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. Politely. break them into a bowl. He wanted the table to be cleaned. over a quick flame for a minute or two. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. c. we fold it. not the whisk. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. d. when hot. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. For three portions. Meanwhile. letting the liquid flow into the empty spaces. This takes about two minutes. Harshly. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. it is fatal to beat too long. He was not hungry. taking care always to move towards the middle. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. 16. keeping as calm as we possibly can. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed.

Yes. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. When the frying-pan is getting hot. When the butter is a different shade. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. 23. Rubbing with hot water. a. d. This last touch makes all the difference. here are they to my friend. 26. c. here they are c. d. It doesn't matter. What is important about the frying– pan? a. c. we feel relaxed d. Eka : Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. 19. here is it d. 22. You are introduced c. Let me introduce myself. One made of aluminium. b. How are you? c. d. b. It is better than beating it for too short a time. Review 1 77 . Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse.of the omelette along one side. It should be the same size as the omelette. No. 25. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. It should never be a very flat one. Taken from www. a. b. One made of iron. I'll introduce b. When the flame gives no more froth. we feel tired b. One made of tin 20. The size of an omelette. It's very interesting. c. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. The states of an omelette. d. d. . It should never be too small to hold the eggs. d. beats because a. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. we feel impatient c.recipetips. Dedy. 27. Won't you introduce d. c. 24. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. It should never be a small one. b. b. 21. An omelette made in France. One made of aluminium and enamel. Washing with salt and paper. A soon as the flame is light golden. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. We may well feel a few extra heart– . Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. b.com 18. Ferry : I am Ferry. Rubbing with salt and paper. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. b. Then. here it is b. Good morning. as the classical French term says. c. The shape of an omelette. c. How do you do? d.

but I'm very busy. themselves b. Did come on time. their d. Too bad it didn't work. Teacher : Thanks for your help. b. I went to the cinema c. Who are ? a. You did come on time. it didn't work out. 40. d. that would be very nice. giving 32. 41. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. give d. them c. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. Randy : Oh. he 33. Dudi does his homework by a. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. 29. b. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. I . 45.28. d. such 38 Use substitution form to fill in the blank spaces. Sure. a. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . That's very kind of you. himself c. I go to the cinema b. (put) the books in their previous place. given b. I have gone to the cinema d. Complete the following sentences using a. I think . 30. Do you come on time? d. him b. an. I'll fetch you at 8 p. she (read) the books all day along. happiness. Why? a. a. 39. a. I did not (shave) this morning because I was in a hurry. a. b. c. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. b. maybe. c. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. Thanks. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. I was going to the cinema her a bunch of roses this 31. window of Look out of 36 37 house you are in now you see beautiful view. Yes. gratitude. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. 42. C. Yesterday. Student : . c. d. Don't worry about it. hisself d. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . gave c. 44. they 34. Do come on time. I morning. how awful! I'm so sorry. Evi : Alright. Hanny. The underlined sentence expresses a. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. compliment. Thanks a lot. 35.m. sympathy. 43. but some other time. You are entirely welcome. I'd be unhappy to accept it. c. Sorry. or the.

Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .

Listening In this section. Repeat after him/her. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 6. respond to narrative texts. 8. 1. No. 1. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 3. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 5. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. 2. 4. 8. 2. 4. 5. great charming fantastic congratulate terrific farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. 6. 3. 7.

She congratulates and compliments Andi. Andi : Thanks God. he meets Desi. Thank you very much a. Andi. . Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. a. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . Congratulations! That's amazing. 1 ? Andi : I am fine. 2 today! I love your new hair style. b. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 3. too. For example: You will hear : a. Andi.. Never mind. By the way. Congratulations.. That's awful! Thanks anyway. b. 2. Andi : 3 Desi : Thanks. It is nice to hear you. b. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. Congratulations on your success. b. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. 1. a. Desi : Hi. 4. You know what? I have passed right now. Andi. I've got it. I got the highest score for the test. You look great. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. The best response is . Desi. 5. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. b. for the final test. thanks. b. 4 5 ! How's the score? Desi : That's great. a. his friend.. I can't believe it! That's terrific. a. On the way home.

I know you are very smart. Eta : Thank you. You look beautiful on it. ! Andi. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The next day. Then. You will hear "You're terrific/fantastic. 6 7 your compliment. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. no. Is it really you? . I dont' think so c. a. . You are so : kind. It's so difficult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. that's amazing. For example: 1." 2. I don't like it e. Joko : It's a 4 Andi : Oh. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. You will hear "Well done.. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. 2 ! We're happy for you.. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisfied with it. It goes with my shoes. I guess it's just my luck. 1. Andi : Yeah.. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him what the newspaper's headline Riska : 1 said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. . 2. b. Now. It's my pleasure. Desi. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. Mention where they are from. Sorry to hear that d. Andi. : Never mind Andi." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. discuss the following questions with your friends'. Ina : I think so. Riska : 3 Andi : Thanks a lot guys.

she said "Your house is ugly. Then she 5 shop and bought a can of paint. 1. the Witch her house and she said to herself. 5. and in ten minutes all job was done. 6. when she heard this and 3 "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a to paint paint brush and 10 the upper walls. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. That she got an idea. Witch's friends 1 When she looked around the room. My house is 2 than yours. "my friend was right. 3. 7. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom finish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. listen to the tape once again and complete the story.Activity 8 Now. When she wanted to start the that she upper part she 8 couldn't reach it. one of the to visit. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. and she lunch she 6 worked very carefully. 4." The Witch was very angry . I have the to repaint it. After to paint. "Broom. and the walls are bigger. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. One morning. In the afternoon the lower part of her she 7 house. 2. 8. It worked very fast. The Witch was very happy.

myths and legends. personal experience. romances. A Greek King. unitechnology. b. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. b. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .english. No Information. Source: www. With help from a wooden horse. Drunk c. d. They may include fairy stories. c. New Horizon There are many types of narrative.ac 3. e. To show how cunning the Greeks were. With the help of alcohol. b. d. To Argue that the Greek had won the war.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. 5. Really sad b. mysteries. slice of life. They can be imaginary. c. They scared the Romans c. e. They made the Romans drink b. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. c. A horse. science fiction. All of the above. 4. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. 2. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. historical narratives. horror stories. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. Defenseless e. What was the purpose of the text? a. 1. ballads. d. They destroyed the city gate e. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. A Greek Soldier. adventure stories. Really happy d. None of the above. fables. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. factual or a combination of both. e. A Roman Soldier.

What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. 5. 4. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. What are they doing? 3. c. Situations a.Speaking In this section. Your friend has just passed an important exam. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. g. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. What do you see in the picture? 2. d. f. Congratulations! Well. b. 2. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. You compliment someone on their appearance. 3. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 6. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. Your brother have got an award. Activity 2 Expressions 1. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4.

Let's go celebrate it. it's not necessary. Good idea. Harsya. 1. You are looking good. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. Ussy. I just finished modifying it. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. it is. Thank you. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. No. you are quite charming. It looks a lot different. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. Oh. thanks. I like your hair style! You're terrific/fantastic. Great job! Thanks. it's a must. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Pay attention to the italicised expressions. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. I really must express my admiration for your party. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. Pandu.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. My compliments on your beautiful. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. What did you do to it? Not much. I f I may so.

4. 3. May I congratulate you on …. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. Congratulations on your …. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. It was great to hear …. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. 2. I've found a new job. Well done! Fantastic/terrific! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. 3. 2. Discuss with your partner. 1. 4. Your brother has done excellent job. I won the race. I must congratulate you. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. I'd like to be the first to congratulate you on …. Your relative is going abroad for studying. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . 5 : : I just won first prize from a quiz. 1.

I'm very proud of you. Your partner got a scholarship. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mom. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. 2. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. Dad. Your friend is good at: 1. didn't you? Dony : That's right. 1. Dony : Thank you. playing chess 5. playing the piano 2. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. 3. Use the expressions of congratulating. 2. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. story telling 4. Boby : Hi.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. playing tennis 3. 1. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. For example: Donny has passed his exams with flying colour and get the best ranking at his school. Your friend is elected as one of the finalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Don. Activity 8 With your partner. Don. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. 4. Dony's father : Well done. Use the expressions of complimenting. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you.

the lioness woke her mate. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. except that of her cubs. Taken from Readings to Remember. "The creatures are crying for a change. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts." she said. very like his father. "I am the king of beasts.Activity 9 Work in group. "What are we fighting for?" someone asked the aardvark. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of fighting. "The king of beasts. "Come out. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. and some did not knot know which they were fighting for. sleepily. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw." said the tigress as she went to look after her young." she said. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. "We need a change." said the tiger. "What king?" he inquired." "Oh sure. and some fought for both. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. a male. fevered and gibbous. screaming in horror. He was monarch of all he surveyed. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. one of whom." said the aardvark." said the zebra. in my honour. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. the lion." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. All the animals of the jungle joined in. It was a terrible fight and it lasted until the setting of the sun. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. "Leo. "The new order. "The king is here to see you. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . When the moon rose." said the tiger. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. but it didn't seem to mean anything. is king of beasts." he roared." she said. long live the king!" Inside the den. "The old order. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes.

" told Evi. Change the following text into dialogue. Did the tiger and the lion fight for the crown? 6. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. Were there any beasts survive the fight? 10. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. 2. came to see her at home. Where did the story take place? 3. doesn't go to school anymore. who is the cleverest student in the class." told Evi. you may not stop studying here. "Oh. Who won the fight. ." asked Evi. it is not a good solution." "Thank you very much. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. If so. . "I am sorry to hear that. Sir. At school they meet the headmaster in his office." continued Budi. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the fight? 7. Taken from English for SMA 2. Then act it out in front of the class. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his office. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. "You are a very smart student. the tiger or the lion? 9. Are you with me?" asked Budi. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. That's kind of you." said Evi happily. "No . her classmate. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. The Cleverest Student Evi. I think it is not a serious problem." said Budi. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. Budi. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster.1. What do you think if I stop studying. "Excuse me. "I am sorry. "Our teachers asked me where you were. "Okay. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. not to me. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three.

7. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. Activity 2 Before reading the story. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. reading and understanding narrative texts. read and study the following words and find their meanings. 1. 5. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 2. 8. identify the structure of narrative texts. 3. 4. 6. 1. 3. 4.Reading In this section. 2. 5.

He lived in Denmark. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. One day. But one day. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. When he came back. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. That night. Beowulf went to the lake. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. What did Grendel's mother do when she find out about her son's death? 7. a dragon came to his country. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. In the morning. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. He was half-man and half-monster. The dragon was very big and breathed fire. He was king for fifty years. he went to the King's castle. The knights were afraid and they did not want to fight the dragon. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. It lived in a cave with treasure. and it attacked people. 1.

I am the pioneer of flight. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. "I am sure you are. Any two points." said the fox. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story.11. "I recognize you. but I am hungry and must go. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. as the shortest distance between two points. b. and somewhere. but sly. Last. his appetite appeased." said the fox. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak." he said." said the crow quickly. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a.aesopfables. "Bars may come and bars may go." The fox had read somewhere. and somewhere else. geometricians. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. but crow bars last forever. and they are a dollar a hundred. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. and began to tell about himself. c. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree." he concluded arrogantly. I wear black and I am unique. I am sure. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot." "Tarry awhile. as the most famed and talented of all birds." said the fox. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. The Fox and the Crow A crow. now that I look more closely. and scholar. "Oh. "but you must be nearsighted as well. "and share my lunch with me. I am the map maker. every two points. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. 12. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. but never least. my flight is known to scientists and engineers. Taken from www." And with this he trotted away into the woods. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight." said the crow.

7. Then decide whether these statements are true or false.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. The crow's appetite appeased. There are two main characters in the story. Then. 4. 2. The story probably took place in the jungle. 6. The fox is really arrogant. 1. 3. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. 8. 2. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. 3. 1. He is the map maker. 5. retell it in front at the class. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. 8. 5. You can do mini research in the library. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. 7. 4. Ask your parents or grand parents. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 6. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5.

September 29 from 2 to 5 p. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be officially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday.m. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the finalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement.canauthorsniagara. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-first" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.

are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. 1.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . to belived e. etc.. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. UN Shot Komodo . The sentences above use passive voice.. 3. sleep. a. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. belived d. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. come. 2. The play was written by Shakespeare. 5. 3. The firefighters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. oils. 5. 4. A fire melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. My brother buys me this new computer game. In passive voice. 2. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. they belive b. 1. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. The form of passive is: be + past participle. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. to belive c. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. to be descendant from dinosaurs. 4. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. The cameraman takes the President's several times.

Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. "But. You could do the same. As he lay beneath a large tree. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. I will arrange it." answered the dog. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. as they were walking. He was curious about this. I hardly think about it anymore. and I have a warm place to sleep. if I am chained up. a dog out for a walk noticed him. In that way.aesopfables." After saying this. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. Finally." said the dog." "But. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. he asked the dog about it. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. but I'm healthy. I think I will surely die. He was very thin. saying." Taken from www. the dog felt sorry for him and said. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. well-fed." said the wolf. I'm more free than you are. With hardly enough energy to walk. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived." "You're right. But. "The dog called after the wolf. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of finding food. "Oh. the wolf turned and ran away. "If I come to live with you.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days." the wolf said. the wolf had little hope of finding food. It's a good deal for both of us.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. I won't be free anymore. You'll get used to it soon enough." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. don't worry about that. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else.

you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. 1. 2.aesopfables. 4. Have you ever written a story? What do you do first when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story. 3. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. Activity 1 Answer these questions.Writing In this section.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . writing narrative texts. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www.

then read the sentence given below. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. visit www. d.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. 1 2 Englishclub. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . c. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. In the final paragraph. For further steps in writing narrative. they are not in the correct order.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. So has sat down under the tree to sleep.com 3 4 5 6 a. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture.infoplease.

i. "Pray do not grieve so.co." Taken from www. said. The Miser. g. Taken from www. you had it not.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he soon made a meal off her .e. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. and place it in the hole. while he was going from one village to another. on his next visit. k. It will do you quite the same service. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. and stole it. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. One day. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. came to the lump of gold. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. f. and digging down. h. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. Appearances are deceptive. Activity 4 Study these stories and fill in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. leading the Lamb a little apart. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been flayed and thrown aside. and enjoying hearty meals. but go and take a stone. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements.co. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. j. So. he felt very tired. and fancy that the gold is still lying there.short-stories.short-stories. for when the gold was there. A neighbor.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. as you did not make the slightest use of it.

Choose from the following categories. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 3.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conflict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. 1. make your own narrative story. 2.

5. 7. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. you are expected to be able to: 1. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. b. for better or for worse. : to amuse. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. congratulate and compliment others. I must say that you are .Chapter Summary 1. • You look terrific. 6... a stepping back to evaluate the plight. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. Now. Language Functions a. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. identify the structure of narrative texts.. optional. the crisis is resolved. 3. a crisis arises. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. performing a monologue of narrative texts. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.. Pay attention to the structure of the text.. 4. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. identify factual meaning in the texts. 2. write narrative texts.. answer the questions: 1. Write and tell your favourite folklore. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. Complimenting • You look great. 2. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . If you find some difficulties.

Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub lishers 's Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .

Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. Can I see today's Yes. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. sports magazine. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? .Listening In this section. 3. By the way. Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. I'll tell him. Here it is and 4 It's all right. 5 newspaper? Of course. Great. Yuni. respond to invitation. respond to descriptive texts. Henry. . How are you this morning? . And you? Hi. I'm returning your brother's . 8 Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. sure. 1. Here it is. 6 . Fine. Please come in and have a seat. 3 . 2. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1 2 . How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? 2. I'm just fine. please.

I'm sorry. You're great. You will hear some expressions. Yes. I won't. What picture is it? Where do you usually find that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . 5. a. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. b. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. 4. b. 3. a. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. I'm very grateful to you. I'd love to. No. 4. a. 2. b. a.4. 5. b. Choose the best response for the expressions. Thank you so much. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. 2002 1. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. 1. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. 5. a. 2. b. 3. I can't.

Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. in the region of It is a famous 6 Semarang and a pride for Java. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand.central-java-tourism.Activity 5 1 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. Adapted from www. Besides its thousand doors. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. It is named 2 which means 3 . The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family.

6. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. 1. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. 3. 4. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. 1. After visiting the museum. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. 2. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Will you pick me up? Sure. I'll be there.Speaking In this section. perform a monologue of descriptive text. on the way home. I won't say no. Be ready at 7. 2. OK? All right. 5.

. I'm sure my parents won't mind. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ... my parents are taking me there again this vacation. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for .What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to .. Then.. I’d love to. The temple is extravagant. Actually. Thanks.. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class.? Will you join . What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come..? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to . Wow. Yes.. Let me express my gratitude ..... Thank you...... I wish I can see it for myself. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. Great. I’d like to very much. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before.. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue.. What is it like? It's very beautiful. Would you like to .? Do you want to come with . I won’t say no ..

10. hand-written d.. 2. Create dialogues based on the following situations. 1. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 4. 3. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. a.. 2. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 7. written by hand b.Activity 5 Work in pairs. 8. 9. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . 1. 5. 2. 2. 3. 3. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. writing hand c. 6. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. Tini has lent you a magazine. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 4. that is hand-written e. Give suitable responses. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 3. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 1. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . Use them to express your gratitude for the following. Tini has lent you a magazine. 4.

a German. On top of a hill. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. 3. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. no windows. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. believed that they were built by people from South America. Africa. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders.000 years ago. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. We don't really know why they are there. Thor Heyerdahl. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Pacific. and no doors. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. On the island. all the way from Peru. there are 600 large statues. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. he made a simple raft and sailed there.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. To prove this.2 metres thick. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch.

2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. They used stone for the walls and wood for the floors. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. 2000 One thousand years ago. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. How did they move the trees? We don't know. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . doors and roofs. 2. 3. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. Easter Island 1. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away.

and the U. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.000 feet (305 metres) wide. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls.5 mile (0. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids.8 kilometre). There. It is on the Niagara River. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. but they are 2. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. at the falls. Ontario. 3. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The American Falls are about 1. At night. 2.S. They are not as high as the American Falls. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. At Niagara Falls. 5. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. state of New York is on the other side.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. and the American Falls are in the United States. 1. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 4. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. Canada is on one side of the river.

after me. before asking. Example: • I stand in front of the class. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . 6. • For the sake of God. on the wall. at midnight. while searching for Davis or David's island. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. on June 18.[2] The island's official Spanish name. in 2005. on Monday. After/before is used with period of times. during the night. in the United States. in Canada. take off. in the park. Isla de Pascua.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. 3. of making. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. at the corner of. Off is used with verbs: get off. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. after lunch time.11. 8. at Jln. put off. after reading. is Spanish for "Easter Island". • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. after summer. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. glance of eye. 7. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor. for ages. 2. 1. before June. for a week. before him. in the Middle Ages. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. while she was at the bank. 5. for the sake of. at lunch. 4. 9. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. Soka no. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre.

Pyramids are built for king's servants. T/F 1. There is only one pyramid at Giza. 4. It stands 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the Great Sphinx. The second was built built 11 King Khafre. 3.C. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. including Cairo. A huge statue 13 Khafre. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Giza. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. called Menkaure. Then.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. and the third 12 King a sphinx. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. 2. The largest was 10 King Khufu. was probably built 14 15 his pyramid. Giza is located near the Nile River. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. 5. decide whether the following statements are true or false. There are 10 pyramids 5 the largest and best preserved 6 three all Egyptian pyramids.

read and understand descriptive texts. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture.upload. 5. you will learn how to: • • • find specific information from descriptive texts. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 2.wikimedia. 3. e. Can you find a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you find this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. 2. 4. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. 4. Meanings or Synonyms a. c. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. learn these words. identify the structure of descriptive texts. 3. Source: www. 5.org 1.Reading In this section. d. b. 6. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”.

Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. k. does not doubt anything. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. 7. g. 9. j. coconutpalms and birds. in Tabuhan. Pay attention to the structure of the text. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum.6. The route is easy. l. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. Nyi Kamiyem. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. 8. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice fields. it is like a fair. 10. Somehow. h. i. forgetting all problems. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. who often sings in the cave. m. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. 12. 13. Wareng village. The visitors dance. 11. identification description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Many tourists go to this cave. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs.

Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. The people chased the spirits away. do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. and a local guide will lead the way. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. 4. However. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. Description text focuses on specific participants. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. The cave is dark. and characteristics. According to Kartowiryo (90). No one dared go inside. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. By the way. village elder. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. 3. 2. There is a stream in the cave. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identification and description. in the east corner. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. January. is good to visit. which can only be seen outside. a beach nearby. However. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . Watukarang. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. so people need lights. went to the cave to find out what was wrong. Besides the cave. The description part describes parts. The identification part is the part where writers of descriptive text identifies phenomenon to be described. it can be heard from inside. have a nice journey. 1. Some people now use the place for meditation. Taken from Hello English Magazine. So. It was believed to be a sacred place. qualities. It normally uses simple present tense.

9. 5. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. T/F 1. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 4. 6. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. Activity 5 In pairs. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 8. 10. 2. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. 7. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. The cave is used for meditation.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. 3. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. 8. 9. 7. 6.

A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. The simple response. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. flag in some time.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. has a population of 900.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. "Aloha. Oahu. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Pacific feels immediately that he has one foot firmly anchored in the American Way of Life.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. and this is the pattern throughout the day. Honolulu on Oahu. consuming 9. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". Kauai. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. Included in the price is full board. suffices as answer. Midwest. Big Island and Maui.000 aboard have their homes in the U. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1.S. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 .250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. Most of the almost 2. from colourful shirts. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on five vowels and just seven consonants. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. "Fine". where the cruise starts. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis.S. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Pacific cruise route and is the first cruise ship to fly the U. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. At breakfast.

the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can find the following information. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. Information Paragraph 1. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. 2. 3. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. There is a reason for the crowds. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. Definition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. Taken from The Jakarta Post. February 13. 2005 1. 5. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. 4. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7.

the most famous temple in China.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. Its length is about 6. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. on Mount Badaling. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. without nails. and huge stone walls and gates. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and office buildings. and it was erected entirely by hand. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. constructed entirely of wood. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. near Beijing. crowded with worshippers. This section is about 7. Source: Microsoft Encarta. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. temples.400 kilometres. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. rises to about 11 metres high. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. The main part of the wall is about 3.460 kilometres long. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. Temple of the Jade Buddha. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. has two statues of Buddha.

1. Writing In this section. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 5. 7. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples.T/F 1. Beijing is China's largest city. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. 6. 4. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. 5. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. In your opinion. 2. write descriptive texts. 4. 3. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. which one is the most amazing. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. 8. 3.

files. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. snorkelling. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. swimming with dolphins. Tulamben and Amed in the east. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. diving. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. September 2000 Source: www. Then answer the questions. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. Medewi is also good for beginners. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. which regularly attract the pros. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Taken from Hello Bali. Further afield. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. For the more experienced.wordpress. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest.masham3d. Candidasa.228 metres) on the world's flattest and smallest continent. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Canggu. cruises. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. For snorkelling and diving. Lovina. Australia. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. Padang Bai. hurtle down frothing rapids.

and even Mt. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. including areas of the Blue Mountains. Taken from Kang Guru. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. some interesting mountainous terrain. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. 2000 the tower of london was first built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mt. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's finest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. Australia does have 1. Townshend. Actually. the crags of Tasmania. 2. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. Activity 4 Study the following text well.

Can you explain the function of period (. 2. 1998. 2 Source: True Colors. Discuss what they are about. comma (. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . Compare it to your friend's. 1.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the first paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. Study the following announcements. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper.). Write down the conclusion of your discussion. Take Off.Activity 5 Answer these questions. 3.

126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . study tour.g. is another favourite place to visit. millions of people visit Paris. 5. 10. singing contest. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. At night. one of the world's largest art museums. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. 2. many palaces and statues are lit up. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. The Louvre.Activity 7 With your friend. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Paris is often called the City of Light. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. dense beautiful annually very arge l attract 6. Every year. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. Choose one of them and then describe it. 9. 1. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. 3. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. 8. 7. e. a famous church. For this reason. 4. etc. draws many visitors. Then write your own sentences based on these words. hiking. camping.

To find out about them.nationalgeographic. just visit www.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.1 Englishclub. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com The Wall of China Source: www3.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . new7wonders.

respond to gratitude 2. 2. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Now. you are expected to be able to: 1. Accepting an invitation a. I really appreciate your . qualities. 5. That sounds a nice idea. sentences into paragraphs.. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. d. read a descriptive text aloud.Chapter Summary 1. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you find some difficulties. guess meaning in context. respond to report texts 4. 6.. I'd love to b. write accurately words phrases. 8. I'm very grateful to you for. answer the questions: 1... What will you say to express gratitude? 2. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. respond to invitation 3. b. Generic Structure a. 7. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. d. write a form of announcement. I'd be delighted to. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. c. find specific information from descriptive texts. 10. express gratitude.. Description : describes parts. characters. b. Thank you very much. Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described. 9. Thanks a lot. place or thing. perform a monologue of descriptive. c.

com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .pho tobuck et.Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w.

Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. 2. 3. 1 in Ecuador. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. What kind of expressions are they? 1. I can't imagine that. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. 7. Another disaster? (Then. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. Good heavens! No. Thousands of people were killed. 3 . 3. It's very tragic. I find that very surprising. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. Compare your answer with your friends'. Remember the earthquake in Father : our country last year. 2 . I don't believe it. 2. Iwan's Father : father reads the newspaper. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. ! There was an earthquake Iwan : Dad. 4. 6. 5. respond to news item texts.) Iwan : Yeah. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. 1. 4 . 4. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. Many people became homeless. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Listening In this section.

please! I have something to tell Andi : you. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. 4. The other groups respond to each news that the group told.. What a shocking. pay attention to our for leader. Aldi : Shh.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Aldi : Oh. Indah : Andi : Keep calm guys. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. Report your answers in front of the class.OK my friends.. ? Bad news? Feny : Really? Why are you 3 Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. Headline News 131 . Activity 6 In groups of four. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. 2. 6 . We will have a holiday someday. 3. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. Respond to each news that your friends tell you. He told me about our holiday. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. no. 1. Please. 5. be quiet. guys. 1 . ? Feny : What! 4 . That's very disappointing. 5 Andi : I'm serious. It seems that he brings 2 us. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. answer these questions. I tell you the truth..

I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta.Activity 7 Listen to tape. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in floods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park. Your response: I think it's good news.

would be on May 2. He failed to mention what on students punishments 6 who did not comply. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality students to administration 1 allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. During study time. April 15. visiting shopping malls or will be allowed. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. to 7:30 p.m. as quoted by Tempointeraktif.. no TV. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. Headline News 133 ." Mochtar said. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. com on Monday.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. in time for National Education Day. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. game consoles. Elementary and high school from 6 students will have 4 p. Taken from The Jakarta Post.m. going to 5 "The study time must be effective. he said. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. "My office is still drafting 2 on study time.

2006 1. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. 4. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. Many people died and got serious injured. Romi was knocked down by a car. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. I heard that Rian was in jail. 3. Source: Earthquakes. 2. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. Ask five questions about it. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. Yesterday. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He was arrested for traffic violence. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. He was in hospital for five weeks. 4. perform a dialogue of news item texts.Speaking In this section. 3. on the TV news. 5.

. that's terrible. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. actually. Hadi : really? . : Good heavens! Look at this. did it? Dina : Yes. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. Dina Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. he gave me a bar of chocolate. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. : Yeah. it did. Yesterday. d. He's not the only guy in the world. Let's go to the class. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. : You're right. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Ria. Frans.. a.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. at the school canteen. Act them out with your friends. b. The bell is ringing. I got the news from his best friend. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. Take it easy. e. It was in mid air. I don't have time to think about love right now. Besides. Sandi : I don't understand. The window didn't break. : Listen. Oh.000 feet in the air. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. : That's too bad. you're right. Sandy : Oh. ! I've been waiting for it so long. c. come on. did he? Dina : No. Mrs. UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month.

that's very surprising.. 4. I find that very surprising. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. Act them out with your friends. Mr Anwar was very ill. 1. 3.. He wasn't. surprises me. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. Well. 5. Express your sympathy. 2. are you? 2. Respond to the news appropriately. How very surprising/amazing. I find it astonishing/extraordinary. Give respond to the news. I'm on strike now. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. Tell your classmates about it. Express your amazement.. Your friend's father has passed away. 1. You aren't.

Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. The robbers took their cameras. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. Read the news in front of the class. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. 4. 2. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you find the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. March 8. is on the verge of extinction. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. an official said Saturday. Pay attention to your intonation. 2005. Pretend you are a news reader.Activity 5 Englishclub. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. November 23-29. 2003/January 5. December 29.com/ english Answer these questions orally. Time. 3. 2004. one of many at the reserve. Source: Tempo. The Jakarta Post. 2004 1. 2008 Headline News 137 . just visit www. as the protected species.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. cellular phones.indonesiaheadline. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60.

2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. B : Really? I don't believe it. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her first claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. make a dialogue. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Sarah McCaffrey was fined 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27.

They include witnesses. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. Use the following guidance. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3..Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. 1. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. Identify its background. people involved. Background consists of event elaboration.. Headline News 139 . headline /hedlaɪn/ 6.) 3. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. 1.. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. 4. or the authority. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. 2. Find out the information sources. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. Find out the main event of the news. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. expert opinions. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. news /nju:z/ 2. and the place where the event happened. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11." (Continue with your own words.

7. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Source: Publisher's Documentation Activity 2 v No 1. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. Activities Name Kind of news Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3.Reading In this section. identify the structure of news item texts. 1. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. 3. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. 5. 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 2. Ask your classmates and fill in the name of those doing the following activities. 6.

Activity 3
newsworthy event

Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than five people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com

background event

source

The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The first part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.

Activity 4

State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan. (T/F)

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Activity 5

Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.

Source: www.football-wallpapers.com

The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their

"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's infidelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com

1.

2.

The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick

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3.

New Horizon
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006

4.

5.

The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. fight b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise

Activity 6

Read the following words taken from text and find the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise

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Do it individually." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. However. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were confirmed last night. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. identify the structure of the text. Then." Taken from English Form. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. 2. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. 3. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. Taken from English Form. 4.

Activity 8

Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the first news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours confirmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?

Grammar Review
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."

Your Project
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.

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Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before

Activity 9

Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the office.

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Activity 10

Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."

Activity 11

Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.

Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008

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simple and catchy. The … of the newspaper is usually short. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. 2008 1. If the newspaper talks about more than one event.Writing In this section. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. what. 2. when and where. write news item text. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. Source: Microsoft Encarta. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1.

Along the way. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. 8.info Headline News 149 . The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth.my-indonesia. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected.3. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. 6. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. Source: www. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. Sometimes. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. 5. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite fishing that can smash coral reefs. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised.

pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. According to him. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume.tempointeraktif. he said. he said. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deficit. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. after the fasting month. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. "because. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. he said. Do it individually. Additional supply. meet the people's demand he said. Source: www. kerosene extra supply. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. To prevent abuse. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. According to him. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday.9 million kiloliter. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. At first.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. however. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. there was a kerosene demand hike.

4. etc) contest (speech.m. 3. said the fire had started in a guest bedroom. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. 5. 2008 Source: Tempo. 1. etc Headline News 151 . The guest was badly injured in the fire. 6. Then present it to the class. By the time the fire department arrived. Source: Kompas.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. Then find a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. Fire in City Hotel There was a fire at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. etc) technology education. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. but all the other guests escaped safely.000 worth of damage to the hotel. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. You can choose one of the following topics.tempointeraktif. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. 7. January 23. 2. Mr Sugiarto said the fire had caused over US$70. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the fire started on the third floor. the fire had spread to the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel. The hotel manager. Rewrite them in your workbook. last night. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. May.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. groups. Source: www. debate.

Now. perform a monologue of news item texts. 2. and amazement. What should be included in a news item text? If you find some difficulties. in what curriculum stances. . respond to surprise.Chapter Summary 1. to whom. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function : to inform readers. Generic structure . express surprise. 6.Sources : Comments. 5. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. write news item texts. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. identify factual information in news item texts. you are expected to be able to: 1.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. . respond to news item texts. 3. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 4. answer the questions: 1.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. and amazement. by participants.

Dirt. d. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. No. Fantastic. c Thanks. It keeps the body healthy. You’re joking. b. a. Of ourse. a. b. 153 . d. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. Are you kidding? No. Incessant rain. A. 6. An earthquake. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. I’m sorry to hear that. It keeps the body strong. It keeps the body strong and healthy. I don’t think I can make it. It keeps the body big. You must be kidding. d. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. The travelling cost was still the same. A landslide. a. Of course. 5. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. 9. Well done. d. What does milk do to the body? a. c. Of ourse. b. c. The travelling cost doubled. Thank you. c. There was no effect to the travelling cost. thank you. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. c. 3. 8. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation office in Sungai Penuh? a. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. 2. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. a. c. Not at all. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. d. Tsunami. b. d. c Yeah. A tidal wave. Rock. a. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. Oh. yeah. d. b. d. b. c. b. thank you. c. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. b. 10. d. b. What a surprise! It's othing. n Thank you. c. A mount eruption. 4.Review 2 7. c. Milk contains nothing. c. 1. b. d.

11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.

12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.

B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's first experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I find any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason

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for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork

from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com

13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. . Hydrophobia a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difficult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.

17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.

Review 2

155

Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004

21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.

a. b. c.

Less than five houses. More than five houses. Five houses. .

d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?

d. at midnight

156

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

works. The mayor of Semarang. Tohirin's neighbour. a. c. A to send their children to good schools joint effort between parents. c. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. c. c. d. Sukawi Sutarip. d. It is very for their children? When should the important that students have good process begin? reading comprehension. The guest rooms. The kitchen. Success activities that improve their children's will be based on how well the "team" skills and abilities. when children or more languages will find further begin preschools and kindergarten. then becomes what should parents These are some important factors consider in choosing the best education that should be considered. d.24. Parents need to look for a school Children learn what is important that will be a "second home" for their through their school year. b. Their goal is parallel their educational beliefs. birth. fortune whirlwind storm d. b. students. Achyani. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. writing and The answer is. the schools become students who develop skill in two part of the process. b. The synonym of the italicised word is . Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. b. c. A villager of Sendangguwo. from the time of speaking skills. The Tembalang District head. d. 25. The residents and neighbours. calamity 26. Sukawi Sutarip. as well as to choose extracurricular and the schools is established. The question children. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. In today's world. The residents. studies easier. Dayat. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children This is when parents pick a school that academically competitive. A resident of the District of Tembalang. The mayor of Semarang. English is considered Review 2 157 . b. The guest and bedrooms. The bedrooms. however. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. his wife and senior officials. 28. 27.

vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Therefore. Language acquisition needs to be active. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. What is meant by the "team"? 32. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. or is too expensive. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her first language. The earlier a second language is learned. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. Why is Mandarin important? 35. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. When do children start the process of learning? 31. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. The more active in each language students become the more proficient and confident they will be. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 29. If a dual language programmes isn't available. When a child learn two languages in parallel. In what age should the children study a second language? 36.

The national museum is visited by the students. or or so to connect the sentences below. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. A B 52. . y Yeah. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. In the end. He buys a ruler on the way home. 40. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. please. books are mine. before. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. I'm really 48. "I don't know anything about the robbery. Match them with their headlines. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. The teacher gave the students a new book. after or nor to connect the sentences below. that. B : I'd love to. Review 2 159 . but. Just pick me up at seven. 45. s . 43. 46.C. 47. A : . 54. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. She said. who else can children rely on to protect them. A B : : : : : : : 44. I know her I work in the same place with her. I sleep in the class sleepy. A B 53. Use and. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere." 42. Use for. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. I have to inform ou. 49. anytime. Put this. 50. My uncle has had an accident. those or theseto complete the sentences. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a cholarship. 41. ! B 51.

Take her home and make her happy. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. The Headlines a. Torrential rain since August 19. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. c. 58.55. has caused the Awash river to overflow its banks. Floods Displace More than 7. We work hard. We laugh hard. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. b. 57. As if that had not been our intention all along. We pray hard. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Bogor and Tangerang. According to the parents of the victim. 56. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. e.

1990. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Israel. Function in English. 2000. New York: Pearson Education. Andrew and Diana Hicks. al. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Balanchard Karen. Harris. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Ready to Write. Ibrahim.G. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 2000. 1990. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction.Bibliography Books Alexander. A. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Cambridge English for School. 1988. London: Oxford University Press. Opportunities Elementary. Hock. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. 1990. Michael et al. English for SMA Volume 2. 1994. 2003. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. English Form 3. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. 1999. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. Second Edition. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Comber. Little John. Standar Isi. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Tan Soon et al. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. Root Christine. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Elaine and Darcy Jack. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 161 . Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Elaine (ed. 2003. Jon et al. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Mellgren. Hartmann. 2006. Monteiro.). 2000. 2002. Hill. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. Kirn. Pamela and James Mentel. 2002. L. L. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama. English Form 4. Lars and Michael Walker. Doddy. Achmad et. 1981. Blundell. 2003.

about. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. March 8. Michael. New York: Macmillan. Judith et al.masham3d.write. Solomon (ed. 2004 The Jakarta Post. Schlakman. 2004.canauthorsniagara.aesopfables. 2006 The Jakarta Post. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.com http://www.Nolasco.ac http://www.org http://www. Readings to Remember. December 29. 2005 The Jakarta Post. Practical English Usage.com http://www. World Book.com http://www. Tanka.org http://www. Rob.wikipedia. Fourth Edition.photobucket.uk http://www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.info http://www. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Watson. Oshima.com http://www. Singapore: Oxford University Press.). Brown.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .english. 2002.com http://www.thejakartapost. 2008 The Jakarta Post.joglosemar. 1993.files. 2007.com http://www. 2006. January 18. 2005.my-indonesia. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book.indonesiaheadline. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.unitechnology.grimmfairytales. May 2.com http://www.co. Swan. April 15. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. Reading. 2005 Time.express. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. USA: World Book.breakingnewsenglish. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 1997. 1983. 366 and More Fairy Tales.com/english http://www.wordpress. 2008 Websites http://www. Alice and Ann Hogue. The World Book Encyclopedia. May 10.short-stories. Inc. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Inc.com http://www. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27. 2004. London: Oxford University Press.

2006 Microsoft Encarta.com Microsoft Encarta. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com Earthquakes. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. March 8. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. 2008 Kompas January. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 23. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 2006 www. 2007 K Bibliography 163 . May 10. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2008 Tempo ompas. May. 2004. November 23-29. May 10.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly.photobucket. 2005. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. December 29. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. The Jakarta Post. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. 1992 Tempo.football-walpapers. Time.

especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. used in. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . specifically: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. intricacy.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. caricature. rudimentary tails. relating to. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. relating to. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of fluid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on flesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing flowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire.

countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: first-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. loss. soundness. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a fleeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. or destruction. desirability. quality. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. timeless. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deficiency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deficient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. increase. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . especially: to increase or improve in value.

or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. group. occurring. specifically: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinumc rispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not verifiable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a fluid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a definite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magnificent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for profit: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake.

pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow flexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terrific /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. or sacrificed under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . especially: rumour wildfire /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. destroyed. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular definite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conflict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a filling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-fiction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. a compressed abdomen. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. jewels. make tight.

166 P parting 2. 107. 10. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 102. 167 recount 141. 152. 100. 140. 9. 147. 173. 125 direct speech 145. 46. 74. 50. 102. 81. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 146 E events 11. L. 166 N narrative 14. 142. 162. 141. 102. 73 R recipe 66. 8. 184 I instruction 2. 34 appointment 54. 80. 104. 165. 50. 177. 42. 135. 131. 24. 55. Michael 92 Little John. 10 passive voice 96. 16 Balanchard Karen. 98. 135. 116. 59. 9. 97. 37. 84. 78. 178 invitation 53. 8. 148. 82. 9. 117. 8. 99. 94. 79. 169. 81.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 102 compliment 78. 33. 159 S story 75. 134. 184. 71. 129. 117. 3. 82. 27. 66. 101. 41 Watson. 100. 116. 24. 41. 41. 184 L legend 36. 101. 99. 80. 40. 90. 125 descriptive 107. 31. 176 sympathy 78. 3. 30. 37. 166 news item 151. 4. 25. 15. 143. 10 H happiness 25. 109. 175. 112. 31. 159 pleasure 81. 170 headline 82. 98. 171. 61 C character 13. 4. 72. T text structure 15. 137. Agus 11 Mellgren. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 40. 172. 67. 84. 174. 68. 136. 75. 4. 60. 158 introduce 3. 129. 148. 147. 63. 93. 78. 111. 112. 171. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 139. 177. 94. 3. 28. 10. 108. 139. 96. 149. 26. 86 D description 106. 50. 70. 134. 181 surprise 53. 85. 170. 16. 122. 26. 152 F fable 37. 29. 152 O orientation 15. 130. 169. 88. 184 greeting 2. 179. 83. 43. 135. 115. 179 G gratitude 75. 7. 101. 132. 138. 164 complication 41. 92. 91. 22. 85. 103. 174 procedure 57. 115. 174 congratulate 79. 89. 166. Brown 83 Schlakman. 82. 101. 98. 4. 122. 165. 91. 93. 80.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 167 reported speech 145. 130. 153. 128. 145. 142. 85. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 31.

How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Mari Memasak Sendiri. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. Rian : Yeah. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. How do you do? 4. Wina. I'm Rendi. 169 . Activity 3 Today is the first day at school for Dian. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. I must go now. My name's Desi. this Lina. See you later. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. right. 4. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. so I have a friend to share with. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Let me introduce you to Lina. Mirna : Anyway. it's nice to hear your story. 2.. Toni : Hello. Dian : Good morning. Santi.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. Fany. I had a great vacation there. There is someone approaching her. Fany : That's O. shorts. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Hi. I'm Dian. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Nice to meet you. Allow me to introduce myself. My name is Lina. Lina : Hi. Dian : Really? Good. I'm sorry I'm late. Good morning. Rian : Good morning. How do you do? Nice to meet you. See you later. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. She meets Rian. My name is Rian. 2. Andi. 5. Then. 6. I bought shirts. My name is Rudi. We are in the same class. Rian : Bye.. too. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Lina : See you. Bye. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Lina : No. A girl : Excuse me. I also played football and sand with my brother.. Mirna : Well. 3. Lina. Lina. Anyway. She interrupts them. Santi : Hi. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. they introduce each other. 3. I swam and surfed on the beach. nice to meet you too. How are you? My name is . Rian : Oh. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well.K. Nice to see you. Mirna. Hello. Take care. Santi : Hi. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Toni. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. A girl : Hi. It sounds great. Fany : Well. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. It's OK. I went to Bali. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Santi. I'm Fany. By the way. 5. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Mirna : Wow. and also traditional clothes. Let me introduce myself. 1. Dian : Nice to meet you too. Santi and I have to go right now. this is Santi. Activity 4 1.

Hani : Thanks Mom. swam 7. 3. 4. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. but it was fun to try. It gives me satisfaction. Hani : Hooray! That's great. 7. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. When I got back to town. bought 8. I am also happy to have parents like you both. Love to your parents. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 Words No. I'm so happy. so I was the one who talked to people. good news 2. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. Andi. My father bought me a motorcycle. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. was 2. had 4. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. April. there wasn't much left. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. 2. Dear Evi and Andi. your father said that he would take you to the department store. When do we go there. I hope. You win a free ticket to Bali. It was a really great place. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. as I said. 8. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. but he was afraid to open his mouth. My brother got an accident last night. 1. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6.Activity 9 1. Hani : Thanks for your praise. See you soon. went 5. played 10. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. The people are friendly. 5. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. I'm delighted to hear that. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. 4. Activity 3 1. left 6. 3. He must have skidded in the rain. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. I'm so happy. At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Our teacher's father just passed away. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. Mom. well. the food's great. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. and the weather's a lot better than at home. but no tourists. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. did 3. I swam two or three times a day. surfed 9. You know what.

a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. 4. I like to read fable. on the TV news. Boni : Folk tale books . My name is Putra I like reading comics." 5. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. I am Lita." 2.000 credit bonus.. He wasn't. The father said. He was in hospital for five weeks. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always fighting. hmmm . All of them are folk tale books. "Congratulations. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. I am Ridwan. He broke his legs. Boni : Don't mention it.. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. You got a great mark for the final test. He was arrested for traffic violence" 7. "You are excellent and brilliant. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. It's got Rp.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. Was he badly injured? Sure. What I don't know where to find them. I'm interested in reading legends. I'm reading Aesop's fables. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. Taken from Readings to Remember. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. "Well done. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. The title is Uzumaki Naruto. 100. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. Activity 7 1. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. I'll see him in the hospital right away. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. Bon. You get Rp 10. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. Panji : Thank you very much." Tapescripts 171 .on it. you will be like these sticks together. My name's Fitra. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. Boni : Let me help you. "My sons." 8. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. But i don't know where to find them.) These are the books that you need. That's very kind of you. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. if you are of one mind. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. Many people died and got serious injured. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. "Yesterday. he was such in pain. That's terrible.its a bout superhero. He couldn't even stand up.." 3. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. The little girl said yes she was.. "Did you hear that Mr.000. Finally. You get a free ticket for this holiday. they are on the corner shelves. 2 3. and unite to assist each other. The story and the adventure is interesting. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. Panji. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. I like Sangkuriang story. I need some books about folk tale. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods.. 2004 Activity 5 1. Now." 4. so he decided to teach them a lesson. Panji : Thank you. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. was he? He was. but if you are divided among yourselves. "I heard that Budi was in jail.

A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Nice to meet you too. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Dr Fauzi : See you. How about tomorrow morning? 8. Mr Andre Posuma. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. it won't surprise you. Activity 8 1. place the slices on one piece of the bread. See you. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. This is about our appointment. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. Bye. It's OK. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Ten minutes later. • Take two slices of bread. Then. Mr Posuma : Alright. I'm very sorry. She interrupts them. Then. I'd like to. • Cut some cheese into slices. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. First. the girl offers something. I'll decide to come or not. See you there. (Lina takes the sandwich. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. his friend calls him. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Thank you very much. You will come to my birthday. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. I'd love to. cut cheese into slices. Mr Posuma : Hello. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. Susi. On the way home. I'm sorry I can't make it. Doni : Great. won't you? 3. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. I'll be at your house at 8. Dr Fauzi : OK. 6. I think . 10. I'm sorry I'm late. Let's meet at five. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. Thank you for asking me. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Finally. I don't think I can come to your party. I'd love to come. After that. Lina continues her reading. Fany. Fany : That's OK. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Dr Fauzi : Bye.00 in the morning. We can meet next time. It's me. and watching drama.) It's very delicious. please. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. Now. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. Andre. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. decide. take two pieces of bread. Mr Posuma : Hello. 9. Fauzi. I'll promise I'll be there. They enjoy reading stories. After a long silence. This is Andre. A girl : Excuse me. There is someone approaching her. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. who always sees him for general check up. 4. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. The g irl : I'm Fanny. Lina : No. Rita : Wow. my name is Lina. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. that's OK. Activity 3 1. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually.. One day. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Then. Spread butter on each piece. but I've got an exam tomorrow. He had a friend. I will attend a meeting. Fauzi. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. great. Nice to meet you. Arief and Rita have a chat. but I can't come. novels. I have nothing to do. put the other piece on the top. Lina : It's very simple. 7. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . By the way. Santi : Hi.. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Dr Fauzi : Well.

Draw a face on your whale. or else it'll overflow and make a terrible mess. Heat the water. Make your folds as sharp as possible. 4. I'm fine. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. 2. Then. say you want to make four cups of coffee. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. you take it off the stove. Here it is. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress.2. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. 5. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. See? OK? Andre : Yes. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. Jim. 3. "I left the money in my room. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. 5.' I said to the manager. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. Put some water in a pot. Leave it for three minutes. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. 7. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. thanks a lot. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. Activity 11 1. Alex : Good morning. 8. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. Pour it into a glass or cup. Boil the water for three minutes.' she said. but he could do nothing. Add some sugar or milk. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. thanks. It contained £50. and when it reaches the top. Place the paper on a flat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond.' he said. OK? You put four cups of cold water. Now. 3. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. So. Take out the egg and let it cool. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. and stir it. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. James : Thanks for your help. then unfold it. "and it's not there now. Jim. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. What you have should look like a kite. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . 3. "Well. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. Santi : Din. 2. Put an egg into the water. I'm Smith. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. Then you light the gas.' I said. 6. 4. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Jim : Don't mention it. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you.' The manager was sympathetic. Add boiling water. You will have a crease in the centre. 1. When it starts to boil.

1. thanks. 2. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. I've got it. Tie the ends together. Desi : Never mind Andi. terrific farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. I guess it's just my luck. Desi. Desi : Wow. no. 4. My stomach can't take any more food. 4. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. 3. Desi : Hi. Andi. • May I congratulate you on …. 2. Your performance is amazing. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8.' Just then. 8. 5. How are you doing? Andi : I am fine. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. the farmer's youngest son ran in. Andi. 6. 3. Taken from English Bestseller 12. 6. Desi : That's great. Joko : It's a terrific job. 2. I know you are very smart. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Desi : Thanks. I got a scholarship to study abroad. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. "This is enough for me. too. It's my pleasure. On the way home. 7. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. 7. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. saying at the same time. this is really delicious. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. that's amazing. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. Andi : Oh. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. his friend. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 3. I got the highest score for the test. The next day. In the course of the meal. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. Activity 3 1.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. politely saying. Andi. he meets Desi. I passed my final exam 5. You know what? I have passed for the final test. My brother won a national singing contest. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. You look great today! I love your new hair style. "Oh. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Andi. Andi. shouting. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. You are so kind. • Well done! • Fantastic/terrific! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. Desi. You look great. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. I'm so happy right now. Andi : Thank you very much. By the way. You know what. It is me. • I like your hair style! • You're terrific/fantastic.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken.

thanks. The Red and White Onions 3. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. It's all right. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. This man has saved y our daughter's life. Malin Kundang 2. 3. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. and in ten minutes all job was done. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. "Broom. 5. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. thank you. sure. When she looked around the room. Fine. Thanks. Thanks. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. My house is more beautiful than yours. and she worked very carefully. Great. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Hello Yuni. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. It worked very fast. please. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. Yuni. And you? I'm just fine. 4. The Witch was very happy. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Sangkuriang 4. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. How are you this morning? Hi. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. The Romans. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. C. in southwestern England. Here it is and thanks. By the way. The police have found your missing purse. one on top of the other. and the walls are bigger. Henry. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. I have to repaint it. I have kept the package for you. she said "Your house is ugly. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. Thanks." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. After lunch she started to paint. That she got an idea. Please come in and have a seat.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to infiltrate the strong roman defense. How kind of you. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. "my friend was right. B. Where do they originally come from? 1. Here it is. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. : : : : : : : : : : : : Activity 3 1. I'll tell him. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . Activity 5 A. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces.

Good heavens! 6. Are you serious? 4. from April 18 to 20. It's very tragic. I don't believe it. I can't imagine that. South Jakarta. : Keep calm guys. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. Really? 4. Andi : Attention. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . : What! Are you serious? : Oh. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 2. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand.. 3. Are you serious? 6. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. That's very disappointing. You must be kidding. What a surprise! 2.) Iwan : Yeah. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. How very surprising/amazing.. My goodness! 5. Father : We know how it feels. South Jakarta. I find that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. Many roads are flooded. News 3 Lately. What a shocking. 5. He told me about our holiday. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. pay attention to our leader. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. It seems that he brings bad news for us. dear. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. I don't believe it. Oh really? Is it true? 3. Thousands of people were killed. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. Well. : Oh. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. We will have a holiday someday. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. in July. guys.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. : I'm serious. Many people became homeless. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. be quiet. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Father : Oh. I tell you the truth. No. Please. The tender process for the project is expected to finish by the end of June.OK my friends. Aldi : Shh." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. " The design of the park is under way. Iwan : Dad. no! Another disaster? (Then. 7. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. Besides its thousand doors. This is terrible. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. please! I have something to tell you. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. no. that's very surprising. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). with cars and other vehicles unable to move. Iwan's father reads the newspaper..

m. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. paralysing traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. game consoles. Kristin : I can't come to your party.000. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. with four Premier League games to go.m. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. 2004 Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. "The study time must be effective. I don't think I can make it. In addition. November 18. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. The traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. During study time. would be issued on May 2. He is in the hospital now. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. My brother is ill. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. in time for National Education Day. "My office is still drafting the regulation on study time. Tanti : Hey. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. : I'm busy. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. The regulation. when cereal prices began rising. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare.00. to 7:30 p. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Rita : Thank you.com on Monday. five hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. 1. The following text is for questions 8 to 12. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. he said. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. Agus : Well done. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. no TV. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that.. Herman. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. A staff of the local transportation office in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road." Mochtar said. : Let's meet at 8. Since early 2007.000. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. 1996 3. Rani : Thanks. the regency's capital. You deserve to get that award. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? Tapescripts 177 . developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports.

Activity 5 1. 3. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. A piece of paper that the man gave. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Nice to meet you. 5. 3. She was born in October 31. Activity 3 1. It took for about one and a half hour. Andika did. 4. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. 2. Good morning 2. a Activity 8 1. quiet 4. well. 28th 2008 at 8. 5. 4. Desi. How are you? 3. she does. Activity 10 1. Yes he did. 5. read poetry. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. too. We went camping. 4. 2. there wasn't much left. 2. Activity 4 1. 2. this is Santi. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary.m. 4. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. She confuse. He was walking down Sunda Street. 2. Yes. She also introduces herself. Activity 3 1. (b) Hi. Activity 4 1. At noon when it was getting darker. 2. 5. played magic tricks. I'm Dian. this Lina. In March.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. Rudi. Activity 2 1. He was very friendly. Allow me to introduce myself 3. 6. 3. 5. Nice to meet you too 8. No. Bye. as I said. Lina. She talks to Lina. happy. than 8. Good morning 5. 3. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. believe 9. Hi. saw 6. swam 11. 4. It takes place in the city park. I must go now 9. spent 12. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. My name is Lina.00 p. got 2. Activity 8 1. He was so surprised. Nice to see you. 8. Linda was born in 1952. b 2. c 3. 4. He was looking for a record store. 7. 7. 5. 4. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. My name is Rian 6. (a) I'm just fine. Let me introduce you to Lina. Santi. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. (b) Glad to meet you. went 5. We sang. lazy 10. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. c 4. (b) Hi. speechless. 7. get 3. She says see you. Take care. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. at 4:00 in the afternoon. 6. 10. Event 3 : When I got back to town.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. danced. had 7. she didn't. 3. I'm Deni. b 5. She was so surprised. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. (b) Good morning.

3. 8. Rosaura ran away from her house. blessed Dialogue 2 1. fable. He is looking for some books for his assignments. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. (b) Oh really? That's great. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. Activity 7 1. She cried in front of me. I'm so happy for you. Rosaura. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. 2. 5. 7. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. Folk tales books 5. No. nightgown on 3. Ridwan. 6. happy 2. (a) Oh. 10. 7. proud 4. Answer may vary. waited 5. 2. a basket of food 6. 4. 3. superhero comics. I'm so sorry to hear that. Activity 9 1. Answers may vary. legends. I'm so glad right now. The red flowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. Because the colour of the petals of the flowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. Answer may vary. Activity 6 1. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Activity 2 1. even stand up 2. that's too bad 6. 2. 5. 2. 4. 7. Superhero fiction. 5. 9. Putra. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the fields. 3. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. they couldn't. 2. that's good news. Activity 8 1. she didn't. saw that 4. Answer Key 179 . 8. 2. It's about finding the story books. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. asked 7. I'll take care of it. (a) How terrible! 3. Sangkuriang 4. opened 2. disappeared 8. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. Metro-Goldwyn 4. How awful! 5. 4. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 3. 8. Answer may vary. Legends. A folk tale. Did you hear 4. great 3. Boni and Panji. They didn't not know each other. Harry Potter 3.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Fitra. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. 10. 4. Activity 4 Answers may vary. You have my sincere condolences. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. 9. adventure novel. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. That's terrible 3. Hiding from her mother and father. Six peoples. Sally was listening to music in her room. 6. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Activity 3 1. Answer may vary. Activity 4 1. No. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary.

Activity 8 1. press one of the switches at the bottom. It's OK. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. Let's meet at five. I'll be there 6. 3. To make the fan move sideways. Activity 3 1. a 3. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. 4. Activity 7 1. Do you want some? 3. • The best vegetables to use are onions. Nice to meet you. Answers may vary 3. • Now. d 17. Would you like to come to my house? 2. Activity 2 1. Activity 4 1. After that 7. To change the speed of the fan. 4. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 2. 4. First. To move the fan up or down. tomatoes and cucumber. Activity 10 1. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. c b a b d 11. that's OK. d 4. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 2 1. 2. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese flour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector first then next finally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. 7. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. 3. b a c c b 16. 10. 2. Turkish coffee. 7. I'm sorry I can't make it. Activity 6 1. 9. 14. Review 1 A. push the pin on top of the motor 4. 13. • Stir the mixture and add salt.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. • Then. 5. vegetables. Twenty eight. I'm sorry. Being friendly. Invitation. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. if you like. 2. 12. 4. Answer may vary. How to Make a Cup of Tea. 2. I'd love to. 3. 15. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. 6. 8. • Finally. you can break in two or three eggs. 2. a 5. pepper and other spices. b d a c a Listening 6. Eighty six percents. Could you tell me 5. first pull up the oscillating pin. Being friendly. on the top. Ask a friend. 3. 5. Thirty students. Activity 2 1. meat and eggs. Invitation. 1. • First. then press the tilt adjustment knob. garlic. 2. 4. 8. How to Boil an Egg. 2. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . d 2. I'd love to come. Certainly. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top.

5. 24. A family is helped by the firefighters from being trapped in a ruin. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 33. Congratulations 6. 31. shouted 4. 2. It is me terrific job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. True 6. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. The wax statue is melted by a fire at the House of Wax. 6. Is it true 2. You look great today 3. 3. d a a d c 28. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Activity 3 1. Well done! 7. 44. 4. Yes. 43. 4. 39. a paint brush 10. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. a 4. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. they didin't. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. 5. looked around 5. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. True 5. ran away. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. the the a Yes. Fifty years. found out 9. 19. 26. He died. c Activity 2 1. Activity 8 1. 36. 25. a 3. 30. True Activity 9 1. 45. True 7. b 5. I'm so happy 5. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. a 2. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. 22. 42. b 5. False 3. Thank you very much 4. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. c 4. I think so. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. 21. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. 27. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. 8. 32. False 8. come over 2. b 35. 29. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 4. She went to the castle and killed a knight. A special sword. c d b a a 41. e 3. 37. A dragon. 40. 6. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. b 2. How are you doing 2. he felt very tired 3. False 4. a 3. went to the shop 6. started to 7. 38. more beautiful 3. Writing 23. Answer Key 181 . 4. True 2. while he was going from one village to another. 7. (k) One day. d 34. 20. finished 8. 9. 5. No. Reading 18. b 4. 2. bought read Put shave killed. Activity 6 1. a c c b c C. 7. 5. 3. 3. I do. Activity 4 1. Activity 3 1. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. 10. it started Activity 10 1. Grendel 2. 6.B.

for 2. 4. 4.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. a 2. 5. F 4. for 15. Activity 5 A. h Activity 4 1. Thanks. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. Africa Time of building: 1. Returning sport magazine he lent. 3. Picture 3 C. historical buildings 2. l 13.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. m 11. 2. Lawang Sewu 3. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-ricefields. East of the cave. e 6. I won't say no. 6. doors. thanks 2. Activity 2 1. F 3. how kind of you. 6. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. 2. 2.8 kilometre). of 11. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). On Sunday morning. 8. 5. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. 3. 8. Activity 8 1. b 10. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. a 8. g 7. Yes. Activity 2 1. d 5. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . f 3. Activity 3 1. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. 3. landmark Location: in the South Pacific. of 10. for 12. a thousand doors 4. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. Activity 7 Answers may vary.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. The wall is from stone and the floors. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 12 1. 7. stained glass windows 5. for 3. on 7. b 4. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. in Tabuhan. 2. at 9. Picture 2 B. 9. long winding corridors 6. Wiyogo. 2. how grateful I am. a 3. Easter Island Answers may vary. in a lime hill called Tapan. 90 years old. 10. of 6. thanks 1. 3.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. Wareng village. he is. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. And so on. thank you 3. thanks 4. 7. k 4. 5. i 9. She'd love to. 5.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. for 5.5 mile (0. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. T 5. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. of 4. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 10 1. It is on Niagara River. j 2. Yes. 5. T 2. 3. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. in 13. he can. A steep gorge. 11. to 14. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. b 5. 6. coconut-palms and birds. Activity 3 1. 4. Canada and the United States. 4. c 12. near Activity 13 1. of 8. Ardi does. and roofs are from wood. It's all right. 3.

through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. A plain big stone. phrases. Kauai. Oh. Answer Key 183 . F 7. 9. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. Lights. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. Since then it has been a fortress. showing nine centuries of British history. News 6 3. ceremonies. crowded 4. 5. Yes. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. This is terrible. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. News 3 2. Big Island and Maui. T 8. 4. Activity 7 1. 2. Activity 5 1. Paragraph 14 2. I don't believe it. News 5 Activity 9 1. In 1999. so gloomy 6. F 6. They contain a description of places. 3. will force 2. News 4 6. 7. we can't. issued 4. Activity 5 1. huge 2. 10. Oh. 6. Are you serious? 2. How the Tower of London was. 8. 3. is the home of the Crown Jewels. F 5. and a prison-the scene of murder. 9. regulation 3. they do. lovely 5. F 9. The Tower is one of the U. no! 4. and. How the Tower of London is now. 3.8. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. execution. It also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays. Oahu. Paragraph 3 4. Paragraph 17 3. F 3. 3.250 euros per person for seven nights. Activity 4 The Tower of London was first built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. 2. bad news 5. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. News 1 5. News 2 4. look! 2. Activity 2 1.'s finest castles. and years of imprisonments. from colourful shirts.700 kilograms. Paragraph 7 5. to study 5. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. entertainment centers 6. T Activity 6 1. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. draw 3. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. T 2. Full board. Activity 7 1.K. No. a palace. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. F 10. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. Attention 4. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. "Fine". Paragraph 10–12 2. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. As little as 1. T 4. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1.

"Would you like to participate in school workshop. before 49. a 5. Those 46. 2. Reading C. b c 24. Between the age of two and six. 3. In the room where top scientists meet 4. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. F 4." said Mr Ardi. Ministry of Defence. 4. 15. d d 26. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. Yes. 42. F 6. 20. 50. 35. d 55. 30. T Activity 5 1." said Mrs Zakia. b 57. "The team' means parents. 31. 3. but 48. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. b 2. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. T 5. Review 2 A. 40. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. 13. a Activity 7 1. The man said. 54. 34. ending statements Activity 3 1. students. 8. c 21. b a 22. Activity 2 1. "Please return my books that you borrowed. 2. but 44. b c 27. d b 25. The students visit the national museum. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. 10. Jazz forecast All weekend. caption 7. These 47. photograph 6. 33. 37. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. the events 4. 11. 6. quotes 8. b 4. 19. date 5. 1. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. Answer may vary using invitation expressions." 5. 7. 3. Alya said. b a d c Listening 5. Activity 9 1. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. c 58. they have. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. a 3. B.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. a d a c 39. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. 38. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. 51." 2. 16." asked Nia. for 45. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. and schools. 52. T 3. The students were given a new book by the teacher. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. 14. 41. 17. c c 23. 53. d b 28. 36. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. 4. 12. "Meet me in my office. T 2. 29. headline 2. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. From the time of birth. Activity 4 1. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. b c c a 9. introductory paragraph 3. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. Answers may vary. a 56. Hamdan asked. 18. 32.

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