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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d
: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliograﬁ: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...
Oleh karena itu. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Namun. pada tahun 2008. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. dapat diunduh (down load). saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. digandakan. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Kami berharap. Jakarta. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. dalam hal ini. Pemerintah. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. dialihmediakan. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . dicetak. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia.
this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. convention. problem solving. especially the editors and team. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. acting out dialogues. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various ﬁelds of science to prepare you to go to university. These activities explore your creativity. Hopefully. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. Last but not least. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). cultural knowledge. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. reﬂection and language use. collaboration. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. July 2008 iters iv . to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. for facilitating us to publish our work.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. support and encouragement. Bandung.
15. 16. 10. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. 4. 18. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. 14. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 12. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. 5. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. 7. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 9. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 11. 6. 3. Speaking. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. Learning Reﬂection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to.e. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. i. v . Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Each chapter consists four language skills. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. Englishclub. 13. 8. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 2. Reading and Writing. 17.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. Listening.
Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ i ii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing d iary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 1 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .
accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________102 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.
Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________128 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________128
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________152
Review2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178
Source: Publisher's Documentation
Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation
It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.
Look at the picture and answer the following questions.
Source: Publisher's Documentation
1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?
Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
. We are in the same class. What's our ame? y n The correct response for the expression is . 4. 5. too. Rian : . b.. What's your name? Hi.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. dinners and other social situations. . Nice to meet you.2 . . My name is Edo. they introduce each other. ivillage. b. a. What's your name? Good morning. I'm Cut Nia. Nice to meet you. Englishclub. Cut Nia. How are you? I'm just ﬁne. so I have a friend to share with. Good bye.3 .com. right? Dian : 7 I saw your name in the students' list of my class. My name is Edo. b. Rian : Oh. b. a. . I'm your neighbour. Rian : Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. Good morning. a. Good morning. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. a. Glad to meet you. Cut Nia. right. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. a. For example: You will hear: Hello. Dian : Really? Good. Rian : Yeah. b. Bye. The correct response is (b) Hi. She meets Rian. It's Nice to See You 3 . By the way. 2. a. 3. Rudi. Cut Nia. Then. Nice to meet you. You can ﬁnd how to make proper introductions at business functions. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. My name is Risa. Anyway. Hello. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Dian : 1 4 5 6 . Nice to see you. 8 9 10 . Hi. parties.. .. How do you do? Hi. I'm Deni. b. 1. introducing and parting expressions.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Desi. Nice to meet you.
Introduce yourself to them. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 2. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it brieﬂy. 4. 2. 3. hometown and address. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Introduce yourself to him/ her. you meet your father's friend. 4. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at ﬁrst? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 6. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. 1. 5. 1. 5. When you are going shopping with your father. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. 4. Ask his/her name. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. You can add any information related to the questions. You meet a new classmate at school. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. 1. 3.
I had a great vacation there. This is Mr. Toni : Hello. Mr. d. 8. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat.. it's nice to hear your story. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. 9. 2. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. I went to Bali. I swam and surfed on the beach. Mirna : Well. b. Mirna : Anyway. c. 10.. Johny? Mr. How do you do Mr. Sir. 3. sit down. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there.. It sounds great. shorts. Johny : . He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. nice to meet you again after long holiday. 6. and also traditional clothes. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Mirna. I also played football and sand with my brother. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. 7. Harry : Good morning Mit. Mirna : Hi. d. 5. Then practise it with your friend. Johny. I bought shirts. 1. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. I see. nice to meet you too. Mitha : Oh.. Mirna : Wow. Toni. 4.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. Mitha a.
Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and ﬁll in the following form based on the text you heard. The people are friendly. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. I (swim) two or three times a day. It was a really great place. I (hope). Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . but he was afraid to open his mouth. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. Yogyakarta April. but no tourists. so I was the one who talked to people. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. but it was fun to try. See you soon. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. Love to your parents. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily).Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. the food's great. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages.
How are you? Asep : I'm ﬁne. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. Denias : Hi. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Asep : Hello. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. perform a monologue of recount texts. Thank you. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day.com Study the following dialogues. this is Denias. 3. Sri : Hi. my new friend.Speaking In this section. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. I can spend my whole day for cooking. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. Denias : Hi. I'm from Papua. Denias : By the way. let me introduce myself. Act them out with your friends'. Asep : Nice to meet you too. Let's go to the crowd. 1. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices.ivillage. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. Asep : Elvi. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. It's Nice to See You 7 . Source: www. I'm Denias. How about you? Sri : I'm ﬁne too. Asep. Nice to meet you. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a speciﬁc relationship to you. My name is Ali. 2. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. say greetings and partings. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together.
Rita : Pleased to meet you. Don : Pleased to meet you too. How's the trip? Yani : Well. Cipto. Cipto. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. great. Cipto : Great. Andi : OK. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. I'll take you to the Hotel ﬁrst. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. then.. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It was ﬁne. Don is my friend b. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. Andi : Excuse me. introducing. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. Nice to meet you. Asep : Alright my friends. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. his new colleague at the airport. You must be tired. a.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Cipto this is Yani. Cipto : That's very kind of you. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. Andi : Nice to meet you. Don wants to meet you c. Andi : How do you do. We can talk about cooking later. Andi : Not at all. My hobby is cooking too. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Cipto. too. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. too.. It's nice and exciting. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e.. Yani : Hello. Thanks. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. I'm Cipto Susanto. Read the dialogues once again. Cipto : How do you do. let's talk about cooking later. Nice to see you. . thanks.
. Fine. Let me introduce you to .. Bye. I'm . How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night.What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings.. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning.. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning.. it's been so nice. here's Peter.... Oh look... My name's . Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . Allow me to introduce my self. Allow me to introduce .. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself... Bye. Yes... Hi! I'm . This ... See you. introducing. meeting and parting. Good afternoon.. Good evening. It's Nice to See You 9 . How nice to see you Hello.. See you later... Hello! My name is .. My name is . How do you do? Not bad. I'd like you to meet . How do you do? My name is . thanks. Good afternoon. Excuse me my name's . Hi! Responses • • • • Good night... Good morning.. Goodbye. Do you know .. Good evening. Peter–Jeny. Goodbye. Hello.....
2. Budi. your English teacher. 3. Then practise it with your partner.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. introduces you to Tini. Budi : Anyway. Wayan is your friend. He introduces Sofyan. Haven't we met before? Rendi : I don't think so. Sorry. 2 Rendi : 3 Reni. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . his brother. I also stay there on eleventh ﬂoor. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. you introduce Mr Lubis. Rendi : See you then. Rendi : Mine's on tenth ﬂoor. 4. your friend. her sister. Goodbye. 4 . to you. I have to get going. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. Budi : 1 . Dewi. At a meeting. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on ﬁfth Avenue. to your father. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. In the classroom. 1. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • ﬂag-ﬂags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. Budi : That's great. Budi : 5 .
Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. my friends and I went camping.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. danced. We sang. read poetry. Then complete the following table with different names. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. 1. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. At night. 5. It was getting darker and colder. On Monday. For example: 1. No. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. so we built a ﬁre camp. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. played magic tricks. Look at the following example. I didn't do anything special. we held a ﬁre camp night. It was great. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. Study the events. The next day. 3. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. We built the camp next to a small river. Last weekend. 2. 2. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. 4. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some ﬁsh for supper. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. I had a lovely time.
m p. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a ﬁre camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. Saturday Sunday 6. 5. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class. 3. 4.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the ﬂowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.m p. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time.m p.m p.m pm p.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.m p.m a.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8. 1.30 3. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .m a. 2.30 6 a.
3. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 2. looking for a record store. 4. I found the record store and listened to a few records. He was very friendly. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. 6. 1. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. 5. Activity 1 Answer these following questions.Reading In this section. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he ﬁnd in his wallet? Explain. 1. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. I thought it was money. 2. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. read and understand recount texts. It was a photo. 3. and his face looked so familiar. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. I decided to buy it. so I took it. but he really wanted me to have it. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. I was walking down Sunda Street. He thanked me and tried to give me something. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. 8. I said 'no' at ﬁrst. 7. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty.
He walked for three miles. Then. He walked for two miles. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . Because he didn't set alarm clock. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. 3. He walked for ﬁve miles. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday.edu. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks.au. After breakfast. Taken from Ready to Write. d. b. I or we . d. He walked for four miles. How far did the writer walk? a. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . c. but I didn't have enough money. Finally. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. b. Source: www.write in the past tense eg had. b. b. c. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast.lmpc. Because he didn't see alarm clock. He got a terrible day. visited . He gets a terrible day. crutched. What did he do after having breakfast? a. First. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. Next. 1. d. Because his alarm clock didn't work.use action words eg helped. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. He has a terrible day. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. but of course I missed it. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast.focus on individual people ie use the words. c. d. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. I wanted to take a taxi. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. 4.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. He had a terrible day. c. What happened to the writer yesterday? a.
The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. c. I wanted to take a taxi. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. missed /mɪsd/ 6. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. Events: tell what happened. b. 1. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. It's Nice to See You 15 . Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and ﬁnd their synonyms.5. d. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. What does the writer hope? a. First. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. in what sequence. The writer hopes to take a taxi. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. but of course I missed it. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. I had a terrible day yesterday. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5.
2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. took a little walk and went to a movie. it was three o'clock. • • • • • • Use at with speciﬁc times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Study the prepositions of time and the example. Work in pairs. I remembered all my lines. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. we had a romantic dinner. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. Then she said "Yes. At seven. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her ﬁnger. At one o'clock. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. I met her at four o'clock. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. I was a little bit crazy. because I was about to propose a girl. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. Yes. She smiled. Finally." After driven her home I went back to my house. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. So. After praying and taking a bath. I had my early breakfast. Taken from New Horizons in English. It wasn't a regular day.
Linda was born October 31.lmpc. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with speciﬁc dates: on June 30 on April 21. 4:00 She was born the afternoon. Only after my mother was totally satisﬁed would I be allowed to rush out of the front door.au It's Nice to See You 17 .edu. 1952. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. morning and arrives in Singapore Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. 4. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. 5. I lived in Jakarta 1995 1998. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. Adapted from www. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.00 the train 10:45. She takes the Saturday 9. Tuesday I'll meet you for lunch noon. 2. 1. 3.
28th 2008 08. 3. 2. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. Speechless. 4. This morning Andika called me.00 p. 1. write recount texts. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. 5. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. 5. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Write it in your diary. Confuse. 4. 1.m. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. Happy. I was surprised. Answer the questions that follow.Writing In this section. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. 2. March. 3.
00-10.00-1.. First. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. I came in to the class and greeted the students.30-12.30-11.00 1. I went to south America and ﬁnally back home to Indonesia. I spent a week in New York and then ﬂew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe.00-3.. At 08. When I had seen the sights in Europe. Activity 4 Study the following schedule.30-9. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia.30 10.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order. Remember to begin with topic sentences. I ﬂew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph.30. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. After through Asia.00 12.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. He wrote his journey in his diary. .30 11.00 9. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule. It's Nice to See You 19 .. Tuesday 08.
everyone knows who kartini is. the head of rembang regency.recount. his name was singgih. and there was no stopping him. her condition was getting worse and she ﬁnally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. decide the conclusion at each stage. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. but after giving birth to a son. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. Rewrite it using your own words. he started talking about himself. He telephoned me and invited me to see a ﬁlm and I accepted. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difﬁcult talking to her.peperonity. so I rang her and asked her for a date. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. As you read the text. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. Write it in your workbook. then she moved to rembang. her father was rmaa. She wouldn't say a word. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. kartini. her mother.com Activity 6 Read this story. nowadays indonesian women progress is inﬂuenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. His story Maya is a friend of Galih.
I wasn't even hungry. His story I would never call her again. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. Then he suggested that we took a bus. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. His story She was a real bore. and you should have seen Maya's face when she ﬁrst came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outﬁt he was wearing. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. I never want to see him again. I was getting ready. The ﬁlm was very funny. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. She explained that she was still full from lunch. I almost died of embarrassment. I wanted to crawl into a hole. She behaved terribly. I think she was impressed by my suit. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. She refused everything that I offered her. and never apologized. but she kept muttering throughout. One date with her was more than enough. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. She's a real snob. It was awful. He was so insensitive. His story I got there on time. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. I explained that I was Maya's date. I didn't know where to look.
So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch ﬁsh from the sea to eat. the passengers were eating raw ﬁsh and meat. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 a. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. Although the passengers were safe. d. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . After a few weeks.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. e. b. It was an interesting ﬁlm about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Paciﬁc Ocean. c.
• • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. The ﬁlm ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. h. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. But my sister and I enjoyed the ﬁlm. After they had been on the island for two months. 2. j. k. My sister and I went to see a ﬁlm last night. Consider the following. 1. g. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. She put the things on her list in time order. Activity 8 Yesterday. 3. But their boat sank and they were drowned. i. 4. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to ﬁnd help. She made a list of things she had to do before the party.f. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable.
• Good evening. 7. 2.Chapter Summary 1. How do you introduce yourself? 2. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. b. What do you say to greet people? 3. 6. Language Functions a. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. 3. you are expected to be able to: 1.Re-orientation : 2.Orientation : . identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. answer the questions: 1. 4. • Good night. 5. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. respond to oral instructions. perform a monologue of recount texts. Parting • Goodbye. I am Deri. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . c. • Good morning. respond to the expressions of introducing. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . write a recount text. 8.Events : . Greeting • Hi! • Hello. my name is Dewi. say greetings and goodbye. introduce yourself and others. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. • See you later. • Hello. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. Introducing • Hi. Now. identify the structure of recount texts. meeting and parting.
Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .
What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. respond to narrative texts. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. 1. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition.Listening In this section. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus.
I'm sorry to hear that. that's good news. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . b. 3. a. No. 3. 2. Oh. It gives me satisfaction. repeat the words and expressions. How poor she is. 1. 8. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. Oh really? That's too bad. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. Is that right? That's too bad. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. Oh. that's bad news. How errible! t I'm delighted to hear that. 6. The best response is …. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. Oh really? That's great. b. I'm so happy. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. I'm delighted to hear that. Then. b. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. 4. b. a. a. 2. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. a. 7.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. a. b. 4. a. b. 5. 1. 5.
Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. was he? . When do we go there. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. Where is he now? Is he in the Andi : 5 hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. . She is very happy. Mother: My dear daughter. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. experiences. Hani : Thanks Mom. Andi : I'll 6 New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. has just got an accident. your father said that he would take you to the department store. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. . Hani : Thanks for your praise. He couldn't 4 legs. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. our history. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e.g. Rudi. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. in the hospital right away. experiences. priorities and values).g.about. Andi : He wasn't. Andi. his friend. experiences. their history. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. 1 was riding his motorcycles? ! What happened? Andi : Oh really? 2 Deni : He was riding in a big storm. sympathy and affection. . Was he badly injured? Andi : Oh 3 Deni : Sure. Mom. He must have skidded in the rain. Source: www. that Rudi fell off when he Deni : Hi.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . priorities and values). experiences. he was such in pain. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. He broke his Deni : He was.
2. 6. 100. Then make the best response for each expression. 3. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard.on it. I've lost my wallet somewhere. You get Rp 10. 4. 2. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. Number one has been done for you. 3. on the TV news. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. 8. 3. 5. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . 1. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. 4. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. Yesterday.000 credit bonus. Rendi was knocked down by a car. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. 7. 4. Did you hear that Mr. Many people died and got serious injured. 2.000. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. 1. 8. Well done. You get a free ticket for this holiday.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. I heard that Budi was in jail. Congratulations. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. It's got Rp. You are excellent and brilliant. 7. 5.
Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. She had a nightcap and 6 approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve it feet from the bed when she 7 was not her grandmother but the wolf. The little girl said yes she was. Then. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother lion looks like Calvin than 8 Coolidge. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. she saw there was somebody in bed with . So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the into little girl told him and he 4 the woods. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conﬂict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Different writers organise their stories in different ways. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. Finally. Taken from Readings to Remember. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. However. the When the little girl 5 door of her grandmother's house. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to to her come along carrying 2 grandmother.
I know how it feels.Speaking In this section. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. 7. 1. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. 8. 4. 3. 5. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. I'm delighted to hear that. 6. He looks sad. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. One of your friends had an accident. Your brother has a problem. 10. It's really great. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Are you ﬁne? Oh dear. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. what are the expressions? 4. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. What a nice news. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . 1. It gives me a great pleasure. I'm so happy. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. What a shame. 9. It makes me happy. 2.
However. I hope so. no. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. Ivan. I will. The italicised sentence is used to express .. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. you know. Come on. She is very happy. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. c. poor John. It's always hard to lose someone you love. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . e. Basri : Of course. I am going to work. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. Basri : Hi. It's lovely. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. d. What's up? Retno : Mom. Ali : Thanks. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. I'm so happy right now.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. I can't still believe that she's gone. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. b. Retno : Mommy. Retno : Yes.. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. that's wonderful. this week has been so terrible for me. Mother : Yes. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. Ali. You don't look very happy. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. Retno : Dad. Mommy…. Mother : I'm right here. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. : Oh. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness.. Pay attention to your expressions. I hope he'll be better soon. Go tell your daddy. Then act them out in front of the class. where is mom? Father : She is back there.
I'm with you. Oh that's awful. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. Oh dear.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. sorry to hear that. What a terrible situation for you. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . I'm delighted to hear that. Hooray! It's lovely.. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy... I'm so happy. It gives me a great pleasure. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be ﬁne. I do sympathise (I assure you). sympathy and affection. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry.
Then act them out with your friends'. Eka? Eka : Well. 2. now. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. mommy…. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Your friend's father has passed away. I'm afraid I cannot ﬁnish my job at the moment. for Mother : Oh really. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. . I'm . Sir. make dialogues based on the following situations. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Eka : Thank you. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. I'll take . Use the expressions you have learned.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Mr A ndrew : Are you serious? We need to ﬁnish this project right away. Wandi : Mommy. You have my sincere Mr A ndrew : Oh. Don't worry about this project. Take all the time you need. Sir. Eka : I know that Sir. Then practise them with your friends'. I'm so Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. I'm you. you know what. Ranti : Thanks Mom. that's excellent. He is very happy. Eka : Excuse me. Sir. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. 1. Mother : I'm right here. Activity 5 Now. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
only to be thrown out by the people. they would have bought his salt. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. When he returned home. the man saw two bulls ﬁghting with each other. In the final event. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. There he dug a huge hole. In the next place he went to. 2. This made the people angry and they chased him away. When he returned home. Do a storytelling to your friends. He ﬁrst went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. again to be chased away. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. 3.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. he started drumming and dancing. Then. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. Rushing to the place. he went to a village where there happened to be a ﬁre. He stepped in to stop the ﬁght and was gored to death by angry bulls. Taken from English Bestseller 12. 4. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. 1. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. in which case they would have bought salt from him. His father told him that he should have poured water on the ﬁre instead. a couple were ﬁghting with each other. if he wanted to sell salt there. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. the people there would have bought salt from him.
Well. dug /dʌg/ 2. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. 3. he gave them much money. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. There was a rich man having three sons.. 2. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible.. It could be a folk tale or a legend. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. 1. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. Can't you imagine that . Retell it in front of the class.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son.. events and outcome of the story. 1. Use the following steps as your guide. Identify the setting. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. Make sure that you fully understand the story. death /deθ/ 8. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. Example: Let me tell you something. pour /pɔ:/ 4. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. characters. As their sons were no longer children. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung.
fantasy g. a. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. adventure e. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. And so he experiments considerably. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. folk alet d. a Englishclub. Use your dictionary to check new words. fable b.com Visit www. 1. May 10. science-ﬁction f. 2.grimmfairytales. Activity 1 Answer these questions. Choose one of your favourites. Decide the types of them. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. Bear in the Barnyard. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . by Sue Robinson. Source: Publishers Weekly.Reading In this section. superhero c. At once curious and conﬁdent. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. and retell it in front of your class. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. read and understand narrative texts. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts.
spiney red. Hairy green. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly.b Under the Bed.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What type of ﬁction do you like most? Others Adventure Science-ﬁction 15% 10% 5% Superhero 25% 10 12. by Paul Bright.5% 7. these monsters ﬂee the bedroom when they discover the child. May 10. It shows you types of ﬁction read by students in a class. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true. warty and winged. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow.
the eldest son tried to shoot a ﬂy on his father's forehead. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. he killed his father. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. 4. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. Now. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish.1. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. I am not going to leave you very much money. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. He thought that hunting would be ﬁne so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. Instead. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. "You are no longer children. They had spent all their money uselessly. The eldest son met a hunter. The second son met a basketmaker." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. 3. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. When I die. 2. You can use it to start your own business. What type of ﬁction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite ﬁction? Can you ﬁll in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of ﬁction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. he said to his sons. You must do the same. You must do something to earn your own living. One day. he was very angry. One day.
"Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. "That's strange!" he thought." He looked inside. 1. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. Because of this. What would you do with your money? 2.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. a fortune-teller came to the house. He returned the bag to him. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. He put his bag on the ﬂoor near his table. "You must send your son away. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. in its place. Several years later. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei." he said. They believed what the fortune-teller said. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. One day. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. "You are really very honest. They had no children. It was full of small gold bars." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this." he said. After ﬁnishing his meal. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. they found a baby boy outside their door. When Sau Ling was a young man. a young man came to the inn. Sau Ling was very honest. "It feels so heavy. The young man thanked him. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. That evening. They loved him very much. they were very unhappy. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. he picked up his bag.
5.resolution father to give you a job. "But go home ﬁrst. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. He left the house without saying a word. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. 2000 Every text has its own structure. and resolution. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. Then ﬁnd their synonyms. 8. 6. complication. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . Sau Ling told them what had happened." The young man's father was a rich merchant. 9. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. 10. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. 1. 3. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. 4. The fortune-teller was also present. 7." he said. He gave Sau Ling a good job. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. "and take a holiday. 2.
her red ribbon ﬂuttered. But Rosaura was already through the gate. "It's time for lunch. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. His eyes scanned the ﬁelds for Rosaura's red ribbon. It was her favourite game. "Rosaura. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. "I'm sure she'll be back soon." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough." said her mother. In her tangled black hair. a bright yellow butterﬂy darted by. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. where are you going?" called her mother. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the ﬁelds. forgetting all about her hiding game. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. As soon as she had ﬁnished her food she slipped down from her chair. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. and heading for the fields." called her mother. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. "Rosaura! There you are. As the sun reached the far side of the ﬁeld." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. But it was nowhere to be seen. She crouched quietly. "Not yet. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. Suddenly. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterﬂy.
But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. looking for the red ribbon. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. 5. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the ﬁeld. 3. 2. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. "She was always happier in the ﬁelds. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. Her father looked away in disappointment." said Rosaura's father. 4. As the sun came up bright and strong. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. staring over the ﬁeld. It was ﬁlled with red ﬂowers swaying and ﬂuttering in the tall grass. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. 1." said her mother. Now the sun had set. "They will stay with us!" Every year. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. But it was another red ﬂower. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the ﬁeld. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. In the dawn. is how the red poppy came to be. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father ﬁnd her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. As night fell. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a ﬂower before. And that. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the ﬁelds and watched the red ﬂowers dancing under the sun. say the Indians. But they could ﬁnd no red ribbon. "I see her!" he cried. casting a red glow over the ﬁelds. but the red petals of a ﬂower.
Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the ﬂower were her ribbon? 7. ancient Greek.6. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. 1. Source: www. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. and Indian culture. Her father looked away in disappointment. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. Most of the humanities involve stories. 1. Stories are of ancient origin. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. Afﬁrmative Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Her father did not look away in disappointment. What do Indians say about the story? 10. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. 2. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .wikipedia. Chinese. existing in ancient Egypt. Negative 1. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In afﬁrmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use inﬁnitive. 2. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. What did Rosaura's father say about the red ﬂowers ﬁlled the ﬁeld? 9. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. 2.
On one side of the room. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. She cries in front of me. 10. I (choose) just) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. students (talk. Some of the students. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual . It (come) suddenly I (see) right at my car. 5. just) 2 It was my ﬁrst day of class. almost) down Washington Avenue when (drive) a car in my lane.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. It sounded like the (converse) United Nations. ﬁnally) the right room. to each other in Spanish. and some students (speak) in Arabic. already) full of students. 2. 8. Use simple past tense form. 7. 6. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Rosaura runs away from her house. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. Other busily) Japanese. In a few minutes. (sit. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. The other brakes and (swerve) my car by about an inch. car (miss. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. The room (be. a car accident last night. 9. I (step) on the to the right. 1. conversation (stop) I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . I (ﬁnd. quietly by themselves. 3 4. I I (have. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. They do not know each other. however.
Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya. Ekalaya ﬁnally encountered Arjuna. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. Innocently. The result was astonishing.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. Have you ever written a story? Is it difﬁcult or not? What makes you feel difﬁcult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. write main ideas and its supporting ideas.co. 3. From far away. Adapted from www.joglosemar. Durna's favourite student. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. Angry and disappoin ted. Arjuna was surprised to ﬁnd that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. 2. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. a young man watched the practice. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. 1. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. He was Ekalaya. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. write narrative texts. When he met Ekalaya.Writing In this section. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. 4. who was hunting in the forest.
A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. It will guide you in writing a story. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. The ideas above are developed into the ﬁrst paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. Look at the following example. • There was a young man who watched the practice. In English. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom.
Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. And he poured water into the hat. You can use Story B as an example. Worried that he would be cheated. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. Then. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by ﬁlling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. breaking the bowl in the process. The sword broke instantly. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . destroying it. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. He was not the best blacksmith. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it." The blacksmith was very furious. In the end. One day.Activity 4 Study the following stories. He tried to ﬁt the bowl onto his head. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times.
1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. • He was very angry with human beings. especially hunters. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. Here are some ideas to inspire you. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. 1.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. develop them into a short story. A Greedy Child 2. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. Then. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm.
sympathy. 2. and affection. • You have my sincere condolences. you are expected to be able to: 1. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. respond to narrative texts. 4.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. answer the questions: 1. write a recount text. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. .Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants.Complication : a crisis arises. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. • It's really a great pleasure. 2. for better or for worse. What will you say when you are happy? 2. Now. 6. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. 3. Identify the structure of the text. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. 7. respond to expressions for showing happiness. 8.Chapter Summary 1. sympathy and affection. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. express happiness. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Generic Structure . perform a monologue of narrative texts. . identify the structure of a narrative text. If you find some difficulties. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Language Functions a.
accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making.
you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Where or when would you ﬁnd this situation? 2. 2. answer the questions. 1. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. Then. respond to oral instructions. 4. accepting and declining an invitation. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. 5. 6. Source: CD Images 1. 8. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it.Listening In this section. 7. 3.
He had a friend. Thank you very much. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. They enjoy reading stories. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. 6. Now. I'd like to. great. but you should express the details clearly. 2 ? 3 Rita : .Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. I'll decide to come or not. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Then. Dialogue 2 Dr. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. his friend calls him. 8. Arief and Rita have a chat. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. Rita : Wow. who always sees him for general check up. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. write. I'd love to. 5. decide. but I can't come. Clever phrasing. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. 10. please. I don't think I can come to your party. Mr Andre Posuma. 3. 9. and watching drama. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. novels. 2. One day.express. I'll be at your house at 8. On the way home. I'm very sorry. Then ﬁnd any possible responses to each expression. it won't surprise you. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. I have nothing to do. 4. For further tips visit to invite someone www. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. but I've got an exam tomorrow. 7. 1.00 in the morning. Would You Like to Come? 53 .
Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. 6 . actually. Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. : Hi Andre. Thus is about our appointment. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. Fauzi. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. It's me. : 5 : Bye. : What's wrong? : Hmm. Andrea. . Work in pairs. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . : . See you.m. 2. : OK. 4 . : Alright. Then. We can meet next time. . Bye. 1.Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. 7 : Well . Fauzi. 3. Kambing guling is my favourite food. : See you. : . It has been two months since my last visit to you. This is Andre. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. Ten minutes later. I will attend a meeting. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . . Rudi : . Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment.
3 . . Compare your answers to your friends'. cut cheese into slices. She interrupts them. 5. After a long silence. Then. Fany : That's OK. Lina is reading a book in the city park. Lina continues her reading. 1 . playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and ﬁll in the blank spaces. 2. Lina : It's very simple. Santi : Hi. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. By the way. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. (Lina takes the sandwich.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations.) It's very delicious. take two pieces of bread. place the slices on one piece of the bread. 8 I'm late. put the other piece 7 . the girl offers something. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Finally. 4. my name is Lina. Fany. Lina : No. The girl : I'm Fanny. Nice to meet you too. There is someone approaching her. I think . A girl : Excuse me. Would You Like to Come? 55 .. Spread butter on each piece. 3. 6 . 1. The girl : I brought some sandwiches..
push the drawing pin . 4. Next. you can now blow .. draw two lines . cut inwards .. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do. 1996 Instructions: 1. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. First. fold over each point ...... 2. After that.. 5. Then...... 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials. Match the following titles with the correct steps.Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something.. 3.. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Finally.
1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . Things You Do 1. 5. Then. 2. answer the questions. and scissors. 2. After listening. you will make a whale. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. By seeing the pictures below.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. 5. 1. 1. 4. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 4. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. 2. a ruler. 3. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. list the stages involved in making the coffee. a pencil. 3.
Hey. perform a monologue of procedure texts. 3. we're having a party on Friday. 2. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 4. 3. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. I'll be free at that time. It's my birthday on Friday. 4. What about tomorrow tonight. 5. Let's go jogging sometime. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. 1. accepting and declining an invitation. 2.Speaking In this section. Just wait for me. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1.
Ira! This is Ari.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. accept an invitation c. Say. Sandra : OK. a. But you have to come to the clinic. I'd love to. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) Activity 4 59 . Be ready. ask for permission e. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. decline an invitation b. that's great. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. Ari : Well. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. I have many matters to settle down.30. Ira : Hi. Robi : Hi... Read and practise another dialogue. It's about Nasreddin. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. Then act them out with your friends. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. I'd love to. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. The italicised sentence is used to . Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. thanks. how've you been? Ari : Alright.. Rin. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. Ari : Well. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. There will be a great ﬁlm tonight. invite someone to go d. I can't. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. Sandra. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot X : Hi.
Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p. I wish I could.. You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p. Bye. I'd like to. but .. I'd very much like you to . Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to .m. That would be very nice. L-I-T-A. Like to come to ..... Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you... but . You must come to .. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there. but .. You will . accepting.. I can't. Thank you for asking me.. We'd very much like to . • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will .. Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry. Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme. Unfortunately.. Shall we come to .... • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to .... What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting... Come and .... OK! I'd like to love to come..m. Receptionist : Alright.... Receptionist : You're welcome. but .....? Dr... Thank you very much for inviting me..... What a delightful idea. With the greatest pleasure.. Mrs Lina Sugiarto. Bye.. We should be pleased/delighted if you could . I'm afraid I've already promised . 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'd love to. I can't ... Would you care to ... won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you... Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry.. I don't think I can.. All right (then). declining an invitation and an appointment.. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto.. I don't think I can...
He doesn't want to accept. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. I'll help you.. Invite this people to your party. Would You Like to Come? 61 . You refuse. Oh. for a little party at my house this weekend. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. He accepts it. He/She accepts. The headmaster. You accept.. She/he promises that she/he will come. good. I'll be there.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. I'm so sorry I can't make it. 4. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. 3. See you. By the way. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. You invite a new student to join the party. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. Thank you very much Wendy. 2. 5. . Persuade him to come. I don't think I can make it. Then act it out in front of the class. You are at school. The senior teacher. Wendy. You're welcome. ? Sure. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. Bye. I don't have any plans at this moment. You'll have a graduation party this evening. Well. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. I'll promise I'll be there. He declines because he is busy. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : ? Hi. o'clock. OK. See you then. 1. 6. this weekend is my special day. as he doesn't know anybody.
Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. 3. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. 4. 2. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you.
What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Use the following model. Cut up the tomatoes. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. a cup of rice. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Yudi : Good.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . pepper and spices. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Then. Emily : Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. salt and a pan with a lid. what do you do? . Fry with vegetables for ﬁve minutes. onions and green peppers into quarters. Sally : How do you . Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Emily : Sally : Then. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. . Cut the chicken into small pieces. Yudi : All right. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. Emily : Sally : And what do you do after that? . Sprinkle it with salt.
7. 5. Then. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. and garlic into small pieces. ½ teaspoon of salt. Then. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. Add water. spices. Next. 4. 4. Tell the class about it. onions.Ismail : First. ¼ teaspoon of butter. 5. 6. Heat until the water boils. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. 2. wash the rice in cold water. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. Here is the example of how you tell them about it.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Be careful with the knife. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. Add rice and cook on low heat for ﬁfteen minutes. cut tomatoes. Mix together egg and lemon juice. small clove garlic. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. Fry them in a pan with butter for ﬁve minutes. Well. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. 8 cups of water. (Continue with your own words. When it has boiled. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. onions. 1 small onion. ﬁrst of all. put the lid on and cook it for about ﬁfteen minutes. 3. Add a little of salt and pepper. Cook gently for three minutes. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. salt and pepper. 3. spices. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. turn down the heat. and garlic into small pieces. fry them in a pan for ﬁve minutes. Cook gently for one hour.
Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts.Reading In this section. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. 2. 4. identify the structure of a procedure text. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 3. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they ﬁnd a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual Ask a friend Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 26 28 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. 4. 1. 3.
Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kafﬁr lime leaves 1 tablespoon ﬂour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 1. 2. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. push the pin on top of the motor. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. 4. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. To change the speed of the fan. To move the fan up or down. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. 4.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. 3. namely goal. press one of the switches at the bottom. then press the tilt adjustment knob. Pay attention to the structure of the text. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. How to operate a fan 1. materials needed and methods or steps. In a how–to–text. What do we do ﬁrst to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3.
Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. fried shallots and lime leaves. 11. 3. 1. When the oil is hot.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium ﬂame. 4. 3. Fry until golden brown on both sides. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 7. 2. Source: www. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 6. unitecnology.english. 2. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. May 2. Pay attention to your pronunciation. 5. 5. 6. 15. followed by the egg. 14. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 8. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. ﬁve or six at a time. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . drop the fritters into the oil. Stir in the ﬂour. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and ﬁnd their meaning. 10. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. 13. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and ﬂatten a little with a fork. 12. 4.
d. craft shops. Look for gifts wherever you ﬁnd yourself.com 1. In the internet. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. 2. especially when you were on a trip. Give a welcome service. Moreover. costume makeovers. The word well-known in the ﬁrst line means …. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. c.howabout. a. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. b. weird c. 3. Anywhere. special d. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is suggested that we give … ﬁrst a. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. a rare print b. So. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. A massage. Track down items such as rare prints. a day at the spa. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. great b. a photo frame c. Follow links until you ﬁnd what you want. Use the Internet. Visit art supply stores. Adapted www. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. In an auction. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. In the craft shop. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. a unique furniture d. Before give an unusual gifts.
rare b. You press the stop button. unique d. "Press the stop button. make us unusual b. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. the fax. a. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. 5. get the recipient attention d. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. "Don't be noisy. It functions as prohibition. "Stand up. "Don't hurry. Dian told Andi. rules for games.g.english. a. Do be quiet.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences." the teacher told the pupils. important Giving gifts may be important to …." said mother. the computer. a. e.4.g. Would You Like to Come? 69 ." said David.g.g." 2. b. how to succeed. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. "Make sure the car is in neutral. (command) "Help me." said the teacher. The word "do" could be persuasive. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. a. b. b. how to use the video. science experiments. but could also express irritation. complete our collections c. Do come on time. For further Information visit www. the tape recorder. sweet c. e. celebrate special moments Englishclub." asked the mother. recipes.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. The word in the text that means not too many is …. road safety rules." said father. unitecnology. You make sure the car is in neutral. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. a. 1.g. the photocopier. 3. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. e.
He cannot concentrate his mind well. 1. 3. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. 6.m. The volume of the television is too loud. 8. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 2. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. Report it to the class. Your uncle is writing a novel. 5. 9. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 5. magazine or in the internet. 3. He always late although his wife often warns him. 4. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. 1.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. What will your father say? It is 6 a. 7. 10. 4.
3. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. 1.Writing In this section. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. write procedure texts. 4. • • • • • • • • next butter roast ﬁrst pour ﬁnally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese ﬂour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors ﬁrst Would You Like to Come? 71 . 2. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction.
• To make fried rice. • The best vegetables to use are onions. • First. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. • Then. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • Finally. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. you will need some rice. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Stir the mixture and add salt. add it to the meat and the vegetables.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. meat and eggs. if you like. pepper and other spices. • Now. • At the same time. tomatoes and cucumber. you can break in two or three eggs. The pictures will help you to arrange it. Do it in pairs. garlic. vegetables. cook the rice in another pan.
c. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. Find the errors and correct them. It is not difﬁcult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. b. Work individually. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. e. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. Finally. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. remove the black vein.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. It contains nine mistakes. Well. Next. a. Rewrite it using your own words. use your ﬁngers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. After these twisted off. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. And then tested the voice level recorder. After that. Then you can begin to record it. From the tail meat. You must also twist off the ﬂippers at end of tail section. ﬁrst you have to plug in the cord. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. First. d.
Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • Will you come with . 4. you are expected to be able to: 1. 6. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. invite someone... Now..Materials (not required for all procedural texts) . 8.Chapter Summary 1. write an instruction or procedural text. answer the questions: 1. I don't think I can make it. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. perform a monologue of procedural texts. Write a recipe of your favourite food. 2. Generic structure . 7. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2.. • I'm sorry I can't make it. Declining an appointment • Sorry. Write the method or steps clearly. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties.. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . 3.. . make and cancel an appointment. respond to expressions for an appointment. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3.Goal. • Join me. respond to invitation. • I'll be there.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. identify the structure of procedural texts. respond to oral instructions.
The manager could help the man who lost his money. b. Here is it. Three tins. b. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. £15. Restaurant manager's ofﬁce. Good night. c. d. Two tins. 12. 6. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. 75 . d. A. b. 4. 9. Where does the story take place? a. How do you do. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. d. Good af ternoon. Inside the gentleman's room. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. gratitude c. Then. b. d. offering b. d. 5. c. b. b. The girl. Outside the gentleman's room. invitation d. b. The manager could call the police. d. 8. d. c. c. I'd love to. b. Here it is. Five tins. Thanks anyway. You are going to hear several short dialogues. d. c. Hotel manager's ofﬁce. The manager could do nothing. How nice to see you. d. a. thank you. Four tins. c. 10. Seoul. Three steps. Good evening. a. The farmer's oldest son. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. 2. c. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. c. a. c. 1. The man losing his money. Hotel lobby. It is here. a. Bank manager's ofﬁce. £5. choose the best answer. Countryside. The manager. Inside the waitress' room. £50. c. b. 11. I won't say no. c. b. d. 7. c.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. Here they are. Inside the manager's room. b. 14. Where was the landowner from? a. Sorry I can't. What could the manager do? a. a. The landowner. c. b. Beijing. b. The farmer's youngest son. d. Four steps. d. Five steps. Nice to meet you. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. Good morning. The landowner's youngest son. I'm ﬁne. Two steps. Tokyo. Where did the girl ﬁnd the money? a. Who was shouting? a. The hotel owner. 3. £150. 13.
This takes half a minute. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. break them into a bowl. to the size of the omelette. not of aluminium. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. The fryingpan must be made of iron. Politely. c. For three portions. He wanted the table to be cleaned. keeping as calm as we possibly can. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. tin or enamel. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. when hot. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. His stomach couldn't take any more food. He was not hungry. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. Angrily. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. Then. once or twice. and add a good teaspoonful of water. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. in the middle. B. with salt and tissue–paper. Rudely. Meanwhile. until large bubbles form on the top. taking care always to move towards the middle. in other words. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. All this is a swift business. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. b. not too hot. not the whisk. or butter and best lard. This takes about two minutes. letting the liquid ﬂow into the empty spaces. it is fatal to beat too long. d. Harshly. we fold it. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. b. 16." a. d. b. The ﬂame is now turned down a little.15. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. over a quick ﬂame for a minute or two. 17. we take six eggs. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. d. c. our fryingpan is getting hot. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. c.
23. One made of tin 20. b. as the classical French term says. What is important about the frying– pan? a. When the butter is a different shade. How do you do? d. d. d. c. Eka : Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. 24. b. d. b. here is it d. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. c. The shape of an omelette. here they are c. d. Washing with salt and paper. c. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. here it is b. we feel tired b. It's very interesting. b. It is better than beating it for too short a time. . It should never be a small one. One made of aluminium. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. Let me introduce myself. The size of an omelette. a. d. 21. c. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. 27. It doesn't matter. No. When the ﬂame gives no more froth. One made of aluminium and enamel. Dedy. 19. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. A soon as the flame is light golden. 26. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. Rubbing with hot water. Review 1 77 . c. It should be the same size as the omelette. we feel relaxed d. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. b. c. One made of iron. Taken from www. Won't you introduce d. Then.of the omelette along one side. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. An omelette made in France. This last touch makes all the difference. I'll introduce b. You are introduced c. a. 25. we feel impatient c. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. Ferry : I am Ferry. b. 22. d. How are you? c. Rubbing with salt and paper. Yes. Good morning. here are they to my friend. When the frying-pan is getting hot.com 18. We may well feel a few extra heart– . The states of an omelette. b. beats because a. It should never be a very ﬂat one.recipetips.
42. maybe. hisself d. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. I . d. a. gave c. I did not (shave) this morning because I was in a hurry. c. You did come on time. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. You are entirely welcome. 40. Thanks a lot. b. it didn't work out. 43. b. Thanks. c. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . their d. they 34. Did come on time. Why? a. I'd be unhappy to accept it. Too bad it didn't work. Sure. C. a. Do come on time. happiness. himself c. I morning. 35. such 38 Use substitution form to ﬁll in the blank spaces. I went to the cinema c. she (read) the books all day along. Student : . Yesterday. Yes. but some other time. Do you come on time? d. them c.m. Complete the following sentences using a. Teacher : Thanks for your help. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. d. sympathy. Hanny. that would be very nice. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. Sorry. how awful! I'm so sorry. I go to the cinema b. (put) the books in their previous place. Who are ? a. 45. gratitude. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. 39. a. he 33. an. 41. I'll fetch you at 8 p. I have gone to the cinema d. or the. giving 32. 44. him b. b. I think . c. The underlined sentence expresses a. I was going to the cinema her a bunch of roses this 31. themselves b. give d. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . Evi : Alright. window of Look out of 36 37 house you are in now you see beautiful view. but I'm very busy. Randy : Oh. 29. given b. c. a. 30. Dudi does his homework by a.28. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. d. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. b. compliment. That's very kind of you. Don't worry about it.
Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .
1. 2. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 3. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 7. Repeat after him/her.Listening In this section. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 6. No. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. respond to narrative texts. 4. 8. 7. 6. 2. 5. 5. 3. 4. 1. great charming fantastic congratulate terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc.
b. That's awful! Thanks anyway. a. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. b. Andi. Andi. 3. 4. b. 2 today! I love your new hair style. Desi : Hi. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. By the way. a. I've got it. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. b.. It is nice to hear you. Never mind. 1. Andi : Thanks God. thanks. Andi : 3 Desi : Thanks. 2. for the ﬁnal test. a. Congratulations. I can't believe it! That's terriﬁc. You know what? I have passed right now. Andi.. For example: You will hear : a. 1 ? Andi : I am ﬁne. I got the highest score for the test. 5. On the way home.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. Congratulations on your success. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. . too. a. You look great. his friend. he meets Desi. b. Congratulations! That's amazing. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. Thank you very much a. Desi. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes.. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. b. The best response is . 4 5 ! How's the score? Desi : That's great.
It's my pleasure. : Never mind Andi. I don't like it e. 6 7 your compliment. 1. Andi.. Sorry to hear that d. Ina : I think so. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisﬁed with it. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. Joko : It's a 4 Andi : Oh. Mention where they are from. You will hear "Well done. You will hear "You're terriﬁc/fantastic." 2. I know you are very smart. It goes with my shoes. You are so : kind. You look beautiful on it. . Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore.. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him what the newspaper's headline Riska : 1 said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition.. Now. a. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. Then. Andi : Yeah. I guess it's just my luck. Desi. Eta : Thank you. Is it really you? . discuss the following questions with your friends'. . ! Andi. that's amazing. Riska : 3 Andi : Thanks a lot guys. 2. b." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. It's so difﬁcult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. For example: 1. I dont' think so c. no. The next day. 2 ! We're happy for you. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore.
1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. 1. 8. 6. My house is 2 than yours. 2. One morning. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a to paint paint brush and 10 the upper walls. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. That she got an idea. and she lunch she 6 worked very carefully. I have the to repaint it. "my friend was right. 3. and in ten minutes all job was done. After to paint. and the walls are bigger. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. It worked very fast. The Witch was very happy. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom ﬁnish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . When she wanted to start the that she upper part she 8 couldn't reach it. 5. she said "Your house is ugly. when she heard this and 3 "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 7.Activity 8 Now. one of the to visit. Then she 5 shop and bought a can of paint." The Witch was very angry . In the afternoon the lower part of her she 7 house. the Witch her house and she said to herself. 4. "Broom. Witch's friends 1 When she looked around the room. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted.
b. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. They scared the Romans c. ballads. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. b. personal experience. 4. A horse. Defenseless e. They made the Romans drink b. None of the above. d.english. b. science ﬁction. e. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. They may include fairy stories. fables. They can be imaginary. d. No Information. With help from a wooden horse.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. Drunk c. To show how cunning the Greeks were. 2. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. 5. e. What was the purpose of the text? a. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. All of the above. myths and legends. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. A Greek King. horror stories. mysteries. factual or a combination of both. c. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. Really happy d. A Roman Soldier. adventure stories. historical narratives. romances. With the help of alcohol. Really sad b.ac 3. A Greek Soldier. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. slice of life. e. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. unitechnology. d. c. Source: www. They destroyed the city gate e. c.
Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . g. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. What do you see in the picture? 2. Situations a. d. 2. Congratulations! Well. Your brother have got an award. b. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. f. 4. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation.Speaking In this section. You compliment someone on their appearance. c. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. 5. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. 6. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. Your friend has just passed an important exam. Activity 2 Expressions 1. 3. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. perform a monologue of narrative texts. What are they doing? 3.
Oh. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. You are looking good. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I just finished modifying it. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. it's a must. Great job! Thanks. My compliments on your beautiful. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. you are quite charming. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. Ussy. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. It looks a lot different. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. No. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. Let's go celebrate it. Thank you. it is. Good idea. I really must express my admiration for your party. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. it's not necessary.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. 1. Harsya. thanks. What did you do to it? Not much. Pandu. I f I may so. I like your hair style! You're terriﬁc/fantastic.
3. Your brother has done excellent job. 4. 5 : : I just won ﬁrst prize from a quiz. 4. 2. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. Congratulations on your …. 1. I must congratulate you. 1. Well done! Fantastic/terriﬁc! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. I'd like to be the ﬁrst to congratulate you on …. It was great to hear …. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. 3. May I congratulate you on …. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. I've found a new job. I won the race.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. 2. Discuss with your partner. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . Your relative is going abroad for studying.
Your friend is elected as one of the ﬁnalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Don. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Boby : Hi. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. Don. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. I'm very proud of you. Dad. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. playing the piano 2. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. 1. Activity 8 With your partner. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. didn't you? Dony : That's right. playing chess 5. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. playing tennis 3. For example: Donny has passed his exams with ﬂying colour and get the best ranking at his school. Your friend is good at: 1. story telling 4. Use the expressions of complimenting. Dony's father : Well done. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. Your partner got a scholarship. Dony : Thank you. Mom. 3. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. 2. 4. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Use the expressions of congratulating. 2.
long live the king!" Inside the den. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra." "Oh sure." she said. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. is king of beasts. a male. It was a terrible ﬁght and it lasted until the setting of the sun. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo." said the tiger. "The king of beasts. "The creatures are crying for a change.Activity 9 Work in group. "The old order. except that of her cubs." she said. "Come out. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. in my honour. "What are we ﬁghting for?" someone asked the aardvark. one of whom. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away." she said. screaming in horror." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender." said the tiger. the lioness woke her mate." said the aardvark. very like his father. "I am the king of beasts. Taken from Readings to Remember. and some fought for both. "Leo. "What king?" he inquired. When the moon rose. fevered and gibbous." he roared." said the tigress as she went to look after her young. and some did not knot know which they were ﬁghting for. "The king is here to see you. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. but it didn't seem to mean anything. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. "We need a change. "The new order. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. All the animals of the jungle joined in. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of ﬁghting." said the zebra." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. He was monarch of all he surveyed. the lion. sleepily.
not to me. "I am sorry. it is not a good solution. "Okay. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his ofﬁce. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. doesn't go to school anymore. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then act it out in front of the class. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Were there any beasts survive the ﬁght? 10. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. If so. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5." said Evi happily. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. "Our teachers asked me where you were. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. . Did all the animals of the jungle join in the ﬁght? 7. Did the tiger and the lion ﬁght for the crown? 6. the tiger or the lion? 9. "Oh. At school they meet the headmaster in his ofﬁce. Budi. "You are a very smart student. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. "No . Taken from English for SMA 2." said Budi. her classmate. 2. "Excuse me. . who is the cleverest student in the class. I think it is not a serious problem. Where did the story take place? 3. The Cleverest Student Evi. you may not stop studying here. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster.1. What do you think if I stop studying. Who won the ﬁght. That's kind of you." told Evi. came to see her at home." "Thank you very much. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three." told Evi. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. Are you with me?" asked Budi. Sir. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. "I am sorry to hear that." continued Budi. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company." asked Evi. Change the following text into dialogue. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them.
6. read and study the following words and ﬁnd their meanings. 4. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 1. 2. 5. identify the structure of narrative texts. 7. 3. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. Activity 2 Before reading the story. 4. 1. 5. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. 3. 2.Reading In this section. reading and understanding narrative texts. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 8.
He was king for ﬁfty years. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. When he came back. The dragon was very big and breathed ﬁre. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. But one day. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. a dragon came to his country. What did Grendel's mother do when she ﬁnd out about her son's death? 7. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. he went to the King's castle. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. The knights were afraid and they did not want to ﬁght the dragon. It lived in a cave with treasure. and it attacked people. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. 1. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. He lived in Denmark. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. One day. Beowulf went to the lake. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. He was half-man and half-monster. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . In the morning.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. That night. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money.
" The fox had read somewhere. but crow bars last forever. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. I am the map maker. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. "and share my lunch with me. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. but never least. The Fox and the Crow A crow. "but you must be nearsighted as well. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. and began to tell about himself. "Oh." said the fox. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. I wear black and I am unique.11. Taken from www. I am the pioneer of ﬂight. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. "Bars may come and bars may go." he said. 12.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . I am sure. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight." said the fox. "I recognize you. now that I look more closely. every two points. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died.aesopfables. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. as the most famed and talented of all birds. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. as the shortest distance between two points. "I am sure you are. and they are a dollar a hundred." said the fox. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow." And with this he trotted away into the woods. and somewhere else. b. Any two points. Last. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. but I am hungry and must go. and scholar." he concluded arrogantly. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. c. but sly." said the crow." said the crow quickly. geometricians. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak." "Tarry awhile. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. and somewhere. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. my ﬂight is known to scientists and engineers. his appetite appeased.
Then decide whether these statements are true or false. 2. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. 6. 2. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. There are two main characters in the story. You can do mini research in the library. 4. 6. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The story probably took place in the jungle. 1. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. Ask your parents or grand parents. Then. 1. retell it in front at the class. 7. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. 3. 8. He is the map maker. The crow's appetite appeased. 4. 7. 3. The fox is really arrogant. 5. 5. 8. Your Project Find a folklore that you know.
canauthorsniagara. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the ﬁnalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-ﬁrst" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. September 29 from 2 to 5 p.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be ofﬁcially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday.m. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments.
4. A ﬁre melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. to be descendant from dinosaurs. sleep. etc.. to belive c. a.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. UN Shot Komodo . to belived e. belived d. In passive voice. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. they belive b. 2. 3. The ﬁreﬁghters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. oils. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. 3. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. 4. 5. The cameraman takes the President's several times.. 1. The sentences above use passive voice. The form of passive is: be + past participle. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. 1. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. My brother buys me this new computer game. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. come. The play was written by Shakespeare. 2.
"The dog called after the wolf. he asked the dog about it. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. saying. the wolf turned and ran away. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. and I have a warm place to sleep. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. don't worry about that. but I'm healthy. He was very thin. I hardly think about it anymore. As he lay beneath a large tree. You could do the same. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . Now I am so weak that I have little hope of ﬁnding food. the dog felt sorry for him and said. Finally. "Oh. But. It's a good deal for both of us." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. well-fed. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. as they were walking." said the wolf.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values." Taken from www. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep." said the dog. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. if I am chained up." the wolf said." answered the dog." "You're right. "If I come to live with you. You'll get used to it soon enough. With hardly enough energy to walk. I will arrange it. In that way. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right." "But. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. I think I will surely die." After saying this. the wolf had little hope of ﬁnding food. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. a dog out for a walk noticed him. I'm more free than you are. He was curious about this. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. I won't be free anymore. "But. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else.aesopfables.
3. 1. 4. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www.Writing In this section. Have you ever written a story? What do you do ﬁrst when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . writing narrative texts. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. Activity 1 Answer these questions.aesopfables. 2. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back.
The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. c. In the final paragraph.com 3 4 5 6 a. visit www. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. d. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . For further steps in writing narrative.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. 1 2 Englishclub.infoplease. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. they are not in the correct order. then read the sentence given below.
At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. Taken from www. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. Appearances are deceptive. he felt very tired. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. and enjoying hearty meals. It will do you quite the same service. as you did not make the slightest use of it. k. while he was going from one village to another. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. said.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .co. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily.e.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. on his next visit. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. "Pray do not grieve so. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. g. and stole it. The Miser.short-stories. but go and take a stone. i. for when the gold was there. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. j. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been ﬂayed and thrown aside. and place it in the hole. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. and digging down. So. leading the Lamb a little apart. One day. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause.short-stories. he soon made a meal off her . Pak Aman sells hat in the village. A neighbor. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations." Taken from www.co. Activity 4 Study these stories and ﬁll in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. you had it not. f. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. h. came to the lump of gold.
Choose from the following categories. 2.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conﬂict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 1. make your own narrative story. 3.
Pay attention to the structure of the text. identify the structure of narrative texts.. congratulate and compliment others... answer the questions: 1. you are expected to be able to: 1.Chapter Summary 1. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. performing a monologue of narrative texts.. the crisis is resolved. 7. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3.. a stepping back to evaluate the plight. b. 6. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. 2. write narrative texts. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. • You look terriﬁc. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. for better or for worse. : to amuse. optional. 2. Write and tell your favourite folklore.. identify factual meaning in the texts. 4. Now. a crisis arises. Language Functions a. I must say that you are . 5. 3. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. Complimenting • You look great.
Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub lishers 's Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .
6 . Great. Here it is. I'll tell him. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Yuni. How are you this morning? . you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? 2. 1 2 . please. And you? Hi. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. 3. Fine. sure. 5 newspaper? Of course. Please come in and have a seat. Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. 3 . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. respond to invitation. I'm returning your brother's . By the way. Henry.Listening In this section. sports magazine. Can I see today's Yes. . Here it is and 4 It's all right. 2. 1. respond to descriptive texts. I'm just ﬁne. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? . 8 Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1.
b. 3. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. You're great. 2002 1. You will hear some expressions. 3. I'm very grateful to you. b. a. 5. What picture is it? Where do you usually ﬁnd that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . 5. a.4. 5. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. No. I won't. 4. Yes. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. I'd love to. I can't. b. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. b. 2. 2. 1. a. Thank you so much. a. Choose the best response for the expressions. a. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. I'm sorry. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. b. 4.
2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. in the region of It is a famous 6 Semarang and a pride for Java.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. It is named 2 which means 3 .central-java-tourism. Besides its thousand doors.Activity 5 1 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. Adapted from www.
OK? All right. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 2. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. Will you pick me up? Sure. 1. Be ready at 7. 1. 2. I won't say no. perform a monologue of descriptive text. I'll be there. 6. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue.Speaking In this section. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. 5. After visiting the museum. 3. 4. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. on the way home.
Let me express my gratitude . The temple is extravagant... I won’t say no . my parents are taking me there again this vacation. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for .. Thanks... What is it like? It's very beautiful.? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to .What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to ... Would you like to . Actually. I’d love to.... Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too.. I'm sure my parents won't mind. I’d like to very much. Then.. Great.? Do you want to come with . Wow.. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come.. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before.. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue. I wish I can see it for myself. Yes....? Will you join . Thank you..
4. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. a. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 5. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 3. Tini has lent you a magazine.Activity 5 Work in pairs. 2. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. Give suitable responses. 2. 3. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum.. 1. Create dialogues based on the following situations. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. written by hand b. 3. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. 1. Tini has lent you a magazine. writing hand c. 6. 2. 8. that is hand-written e. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. hand-written d. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . 4. 3. 7. 9. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. 2. 1. 4. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original .. 10.
On top of a hill. no windows. all the way from Peru. We don't really know why they are there. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Why did they build the tower? We don't know. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. On the island.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile.000 years ago. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch.2 metres thick. 3. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Thor Heyerdahl. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. Africa. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. and no doors. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. there are 600 large statues. believed that they were built by people from South America. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. a German. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. he made a simple raft and sailed there. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Paciﬁc. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. To prove this.
Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. How did they move the trees? We don't know.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. doors and roofs. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. 3. They used stone for the walls and wood for the ﬂoors. Easter Island 1. 2. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. 2000 One thousand years ago.
5. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. 1. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. state of New York is on the other side. and the American Falls are in the United States.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. The American Falls are about 1. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids.5 mile (0. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally.S. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. They are not as high as the American Falls. Ontario. but they are 2. 4. Canada is on one side of the river. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. At Niagara Falls.000 feet (305 metres) wide. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. at the falls.8 kilometre). About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. 2. 3. It is on the Niagara River. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. and the U. At night. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. There. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls.
5. before him. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. take off. 8. for a week. in 2005. before June. 9.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. • For the sake of God. after summer. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. while searching for Davis or David's island. before asking. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. for ages. while she was at the bank. Isla de Pascua. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. after lunch time. at Jln. for the sake of. after reading. at lunch. during the night. The island's ofﬁcial Spanish name. in the park. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. 1. on Monday. is Spanish for "Easter Island". Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. 2. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . 7.11. Off is used with verbs: get off. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. After/before is used with period of times. at the corner of. Soka no. after me. of making. on June 18. in the United States. glance of eye. 6. on the wall. Example: • I stand in front of the class. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's ﬁrst recorded European visitor. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. in Canada. 3. put off. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. at midnight. 4. in the Middle Ages.
decide whether the following statements are true or false. The largest was 10 King Khufu. and the third 12 King a sphinx. 4. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. the Great Sphinx. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Giza. Then. called Menkaure. It stands 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. 5. was probably built 14 15 his pyramid. 3. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. including Cairo. T/F 1. Pyramids are built for king's servants.C. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. There are 10 pyramids 5 the largest and best preserved 6 three all Egyptian pyramids. A huge statue 13 Khafre. Giza is located near the Nile River.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The second was built built 11 King Khafre. There is only one pyramid at Giza. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. 2.
c. you will learn how to: • • • ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. learn these words. 2.upload. 5. Meanings or Synonyms a. read and understand descriptive texts. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. 5.wikimedia. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”.Reading In this section. 2. 6. b. d. identify the structure of descriptive texts.org 1. Can you ﬁnd a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you ﬁnd this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 3. 4. 3. 4. Source: www. e. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms.
does not doubt anything.6. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. who often sings in the cave. i. k. in Tabuhan. j. 8. The visitors dance. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice ﬁelds. 11. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. Wareng village. The route is easy. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. Somehow. forgetting all problems. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. 7. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. it is like a fair. h. coconutpalms and birds. Nyi Kamiyem. 13. 9. 12. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. 10. identiﬁcation description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Pay attention to the structure of the text. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. Many tourists go to this cave. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. g. m. People sell agates on the cave terraces. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. l. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan.
There is a stream in the cave. do you want different souvenirs? You can ﬁnd them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. According to Kartowiryo (90). He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. village elder. so people need lights. However. 2. No one dared go inside. It normally uses simple present tense. a beach nearby. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. which can only be seen outside. have a nice journey. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. January. it can be heard from inside. Besides the cave. 4. However. The identiﬁcation part is the part where writers of descriptive text identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. Watukarang. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. The people chased the spirits away. went to the cave to ﬁnd out what was wrong. It was believed to be a sacred place. Description text focuses on speciﬁc participants. By the way. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identiﬁcation and description. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. and characteristics. in the east corner. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. The cave is dark. 3. So.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. 1. qualities. The description part describes parts. is good to visit. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you ﬁnd peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . Some people now use the place for meditation. and a local guide will lead the way. Taken from Hello English Magazine.
Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. Activity 5 In pairs. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 10. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 6. T/F 1. 7. 8. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. 9. 6. 2.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo ﬁnd out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 4. 7. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. 8. The cave is used for meditation. 5. 9. 3. You ﬁnd the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave.
has a population of 900. Most of the almost 2. sufﬁces as answer. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. Included in the price is full board. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Paciﬁc feels immediately that he has one foot ﬁrmly anchored in the American Way of Life. from colourful shirts. Midwest.S. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. ﬂag in some time. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. and this is the pattern throughout the day. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Paciﬁc cruise route and is the ﬁrst cruise ship to ﬂy the U. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. "Fine".250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on ﬁve vowels and just seven consonants. where the cruise starts. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell.000 aboard have their homes in the U. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. "Aloha. consuming 9. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". At breakfast. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. Honolulu on Oahu. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. Kauai. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. The simple response.S. Oahu. Big Island and Maui. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky.
How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 5. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. There is a reason for the crowds. 2005 1. February 13. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can ﬁnd the following information. 2. Deﬁnition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. 3. 4. Information Paragraph 1. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4.
The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. on Mount Badaling.460 kilometres long. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. This section is about 7. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. temples. Source: Microsoft Encarta.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. the most famous temple in China. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. The main part of the wall is about 3. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. near Beijing. and huge stone walls and gates. and it was erected entirely by hand. crowded with worshippers. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. Temple of the Jade Buddha. Its length is about 6.400 kilometres. has two statues of Buddha. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and ofﬁce buildings. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. constructed entirely of wood. without nails. rises to about 11 metres high.
5. which one is the most amazing. 2. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. 8. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 7. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. 1. 4. 5. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you will learn how to: • • write a short description. write descriptive texts. Beijing is China's largest city. 4. 3. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. In your opinion. 3.T/F 1. Writing In this section. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. 2. 6. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai.
Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers.wordpress.masham3d. September 2000 Source: www. Taken from Hello Bali. hurtle down frothing rapids.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. For snorkelling and diving. Lovina. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes.ﬁles. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. Medewi is also good for beginners. cruises. Candidasa. which regularly attract the pros. Padang Bai. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. Australia. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. For the more experienced. Then answer the questions.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Further aﬁeld. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. swimming with dolphins. snorkelling. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Tulamben and Amed in the east. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. Canggu. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches.228 metres) on the world's ﬂattest and smallest continent. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. diving. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur.
Actually. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. the crags of Tasmania. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. Taken from Kang Guru. including areas of the Blue Mountains. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's ﬁnest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Mt. 2000 the tower of london was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Townshend. and even Mt. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. some interesting mountainous terrain. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. Australia does have 1. 2. Activity 4 Study the following text well.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook.
Discuss what they are about. 1998. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . comma (. Compare it to your friend's.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the ﬁrst paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs.). 2 Source: True Colors. Study the following announcements. Can you explain the function of period (. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. 1. 3. Take Off. 2.Activity 5 Answer these questions.
millions of people visit Paris. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. 10. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 5. is another favourite place to visit. Paris is often called the City of Light. e. study tour. 2. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. 4. dense beautiful annually very arge l attract 6. many palaces and statues are lit up. hiking. 8. 1. The Louvre. For this reason. Then write your own sentences based on these words. singing contest. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. At night. Every year. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. 3. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. 7. a famous church. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. one of the world's largest art museums.g.Activity 7 With your friend. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. draws many visitors. camping. etc. 9. Choose one of them and then describe it.
2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. new7wonders. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . just visit www.1 Englishclub.nationalgeographic.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.com The Wall of China Source: www3. To ﬁnd out about them.
consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. d. 7. c. 10. Thank you very much. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. sentences into paragraphs. 2. Identiﬁcation : identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. Accepting an invitation a. b. ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. b. write a form of announcement. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. I'd love to b. That sounds a nice idea. Thanks a lot. qualities. respond to invitation 3. c. respond to report texts 4.. 6. 9. characters. express gratitude. place or thing.. I'm very grateful to you for.. perform a monologue of descriptive. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What will you say to express gratitude? 2. Generic Structure a. Now.. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. guess meaning in context. 5. I really appreciate your .Chapter Summary 1. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. write accurately words phrases. d. you are expected to be able to: 1.. answer the questions: 1. respond to gratitude 2. read a descriptive text aloud. I'd be delighted to. Description : describes parts. 8.
Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w.pho tobuck et.com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .
1. ! There was an earthquake Iwan : Dad. 4 . 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Iwan's Father : father reads the newspaper. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 2 . He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. 4. Remember the earthquake in Father : our country last year.) Iwan : Yeah. It's very tragic. 4. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. Another disaster? (Then. 7. 3. I ﬁnd that very surprising. 3. 2. Compare your answer with your friends'. What kind of expressions are they? 1. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 1 in Ecuador. 5. Thousands of people were killed. Good heavens! No. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. Many people became homeless. 3 . I can't imagine that. respond to news item texts. 2. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. I don't believe it.Listening In this section. 6.
Aldi : Oh.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class... 5 Andi : I'm serious. Activity 6 In groups of four. We will have a holiday someday. 3. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. Report your answers in front of the class. Respond to each news that your friends tell you.OK my friends. 6 . 1. 4. What a shocking. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. ? Feny : What! 4 . no. It seems that he brings 2 us. Headline News 131 . be quiet. I tell you the truth. Aldi : Shh. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. answer these questions. Please. pay attention to our for leader. guys. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. 5. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday.. Indah : Andi : Keep calm guys. ? Bad news? Feny : Really? Why are you 3 Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. That's very disappointing. please! I have something to tell Andi : you. 2. He told me about our holiday. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. 1 .
Your response: I think it's good news. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in ﬂoods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear.Activity 7 Listen to tape. then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park.
April 15. no TV.m. Taken from The Jakarta Post. going to 5 "The study time must be effective. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. visiting shopping malls or will be allowed. Headline News 133 . Elementary and high school from 6 students will have 4 p. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality students to administration 1 allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. "My ofﬁce is still drafting 2 on study time. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it.. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. He failed to mention what on students punishments 6 who did not comply. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. would be on May 2. com on Monday. game consoles." Mochtar said. in time for National Education Day.m. During study time.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. he said. to 7:30 p.
I heard that Rian was in jail. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. 5. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. on the TV news. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. Yesterday.Speaking In this section. Many people died and got serious injured. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. 4. Ask ﬁve questions about it. Romi was knocked down by a car. 3. 2. Source: Earthquakes. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. 2006 1. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. perform a dialogue of news item texts. 3. 4. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence.
e. : Yeah. : That's too bad. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. he gave me a bar of chocolate. at the school canteen. Sandy : Oh. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. a. I got the news from his best friend. Let's go to the class. Act them out with your friends. ! I've been waiting for it so long. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. d. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. Ria. The window didn't break. Mrs. : Listen. it did. you're right. actually. did it? Dina : Yes. Besides. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. Sandi : I don't understand. come on. Dina Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. Oh. Hadi : really? . Yesterday. : Good heavens! Look at this. It was in mid air. He's not the only guy in the world.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. I don't have time to think about love right now. c..000 feet in the air. Take it easy. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. Frans.. : You're right. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . b. The bell is ringing. UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. that's terrible. did he? Dina : No. Pay attention to the italicised expressions.
4. 3. I ﬁnd it astonishing/extraordinary. I'm on strike now. Respond to the news appropriately. Act them out with your friends. Well. Your friend's father has passed away. Mr Anwar was very ill. I ﬁnd that very surprising. 5. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . that's very surprising.. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. surprises me. Tell your classmates about it. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. He wasn't. Express your sympathy. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. You aren't. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . Give respond to the news. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. How very surprising/amazing. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea... 1. Express your amazement. 1. are you? 2. 2.
com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. as the protected species. an ofﬁcial said Saturday. The Jakarta Post. 2003/January 5. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. just visit www. Time. March 8. Pretend you are a news reader. cellular phones. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. 4. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. November 23-29. 2008 Headline News 137 . Pay attention to your intonation.indonesiaheadline.com/ english Answer these questions orally. 3. 2. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. The robbers took their cameras. Read the news in front of the class. 2005. 2004. is on the verge of extinction. December 29. one of many at the reserve. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers.Activity 5 Englishclub. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you ﬁnd the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. 2004 1. Source: Tempo.
respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her ﬁrst claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. make a dialogue.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. Sarah McCaffrey was ﬁned 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . B : Really? I don't believe it.
bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. news /nju:z/ 2. 1. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. Use the following guidance. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. 2. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was .. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14.. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. expert opinions.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. Background consists of event elaboration.. people involved. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4." (Continue with your own words. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. Identify its background. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. Find out the main event of the news. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. 4. They include witnesses. Find out the information sources. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. and the place where the event happened.) 3. or the authority. 1. Headline News 139 .
3. 2. Activities Name Kind of news Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. 7. Ask your classmates and ﬁll in the name of those doing the following activities. identify the structure of news item texts. 6. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4.Reading In this section. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Source: Publisher's Documentation Activity 2 v No 1. 4.
Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than ﬁve people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com
The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The ﬁrst part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.
State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan. (T/F)
Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.
The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their
"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's inﬁdelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com
The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006
The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. ﬁght b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise
Read the following words taken from text and ﬁnd the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise
However. 2. Taken from English Form. Then.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare." Taken from English Form. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. Do it individually. 4. identify the structure of the text. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. 1. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were conﬁrmed last night. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. 3. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying.
Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the ﬁrst news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours conﬁrmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.
Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before
Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the ofﬁce.
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."
Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.
Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008
you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. simple and catchy. 2. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. when and where. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. 2008 1. 2. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Source: Microsoft Encarta. write news item text. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. The … of the newspaper is usually short. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box.Writing In this section. what. If the newspaper talks about more than one event.
my-indonesia. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. 5. 6. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite ﬁshing that can smash coral reefs. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave.3. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. Sometimes. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. Source: www.info Headline News 149 . The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. 8. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. Along the way. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7.
the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. he said. after the fasting month. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. however.9 million kiloliter. Source: www. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. he said. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter.tempointeraktif. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. kerosene extra supply. there was a kerosene demand hike. To prevent abuse. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deﬁcit.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. meet the people's demand he said. According to him. At ﬁrst. According to him. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. he said. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. Do it individually. Additional supply. "because. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9.
m. By the time the ﬁre department arrived. Source: www. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. debate. Rewrite them in your workbook. etc) contest (speech. 6. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school.tempointeraktif. groups. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the ﬁre started on the third ﬂoor. 7. The guest was badly injured in the ﬁre. 2. the ﬁre had spread to the 4th and 5th ﬂoors of the hotel.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. Then ﬁnd a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. Fire in City Hotel There was a ﬁre at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. last night. The hotel manager. 2008 Source: Tempo. Mr Sugiarto said the ﬁre had caused over US$70. May. 5. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. You can choose one of the following topics. 3.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. 1. etc Headline News 151 . etc) technology education. but all the other guests escaped safely. Source: Kompas. said the ﬁre had started in a guest bedroom. January 23.000 worth of damage to the hotel. 4. Then present it to the class. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette.
in what curriculum stances.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. respond to news item texts.Chapter Summary 1. to whom.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . perform a monologue of news item texts. you are expected to be able to: 1. 2. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. by participants. answer the questions: 1. What should be included in a news item text? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. express surprise. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function : to inform readers. 4. 2. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. 3. 5. respond to surprise. Now. Generic structure . How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. identify factual information in news item texts.Sources : Comments. write news item texts. and amazement. and amazement. . What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. 6.
Dirt. a. 5. b. b. Well done. b. 3. yeah. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. A mount eruption. d. c Thanks. b. c. b. b. d. Oh. A tidal wave. There was no effect to the travelling cost. a. Of ourse. c. c. c Yeah. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. The travelling cost was still the same. a. You’re joking. d. thank you.Review 2 7. d. I don’t think I can make it. What a surprise! It's othing. d. 8. 2. n Thank you. d. c. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. c. b. d. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. It keeps the body strong. a. The travelling cost doubled. I’m sorry to hear that. Are you kidding? No. A landslide. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. c. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. Of ourse. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. c. Of course. Incessant rain. 9. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh? a. 6. 1. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. b. You must be kidding. It keeps the body healthy. d. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. Thank you. b. 10. d. An earthquake. It keeps the body big. 4. Rock. What does milk do to the body? a. c. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. c. d. A. Not at all. a. 153 . thank you. c. Milk contains nothing. Tsunami. b. It keeps the body strong and healthy. No. Fantastic.
11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.
12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.
B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's ﬁrst experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I ﬁnd any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork
from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com
13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. . Hydrophobia a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difﬁcult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.
17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.
Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior ofﬁcials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004
21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.
a. b. c.
Less than ﬁve houses. More than ﬁve houses. Five houses. .
d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?
d. at midnight
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
The synonym of the italicised word is . c. from the time of speaking skills. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. b. The residents and neighbours. c. students. The guest and bedrooms. Their goal is parallel their educational beliefs. Parents need to look for a school Children learn what is important that will be a "second home" for their through their school year. as well as to choose extracurricular and the schools is established. c. fortune whirlwind storm d. d. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. A resident of the District of Tembalang. English is considered Review 2 157 . Sukawi Sutarip.24. The kitchen. Dayat. 25. writing and The answer is. works. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children This is when parents pick a school that academically competitive. Sukawi Sutarip. Achyani. b. 27. b. The residents. A villager of Sendangguwo. c. It is very for their children? When should the important that students have good process begin? reading comprehension. d. his wife and senior ofﬁcials. c. birth. The mayor of Semarang. calamity 26. d. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. however. a. the schools become students who develop skill in two part of the process. 28. Success activities that improve their children's will be based on how well the "team" skills and abilities. The bedrooms. studies easier. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. The question children. A to send their children to good schools joint effort between parents. In today's world. b. Tohirin's neighbour. The Tembalang District head. The mayor of Semarang. then becomes what should parents These are some important factors consider in choosing the best education that should be considered. d. The guest rooms. b. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. when children or more languages will ﬁnd further begin preschools and kindergarten.
A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. Taken from The Jakarta Post. When a child learn two languages in parallel. Why is Mandarin important? 35. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. When do children start the process of learning? 31. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her ﬁrst language. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. What is meant by the "team"? 32.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. Therefore. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the less problem a child will have with improper word use. Language acquisition needs to be active. The more active in each language students become the more proﬁcient and conﬁdent they will be. or is too expensive. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. The earlier a second language is learned. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. 29. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. If a dual language programmes isn't available.
who else can children rely on to protect them. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. B : I'd love to. The teacher gave the students a new book. 40. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. anytime. 41. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. 50. before. The national museum is visited by the students. A : . please. A B 52. I have to inform ou. I know her I work in the same place with her.C. In the end. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. but. y Yeah. I'm really 48. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. ! B 51. s . Use and. I sleep in the class sleepy. 46. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. 47. Put this. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. Just pick me up at seven. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. Use for. 54. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. those or theseto complete the sentences. A B : : : : : : : 44. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a cholarship. . that. after or nor to connect the sentences below. "I don't know anything about the robbery. My uncle has had an accident. Review 2 159 . 49. Match them with their headlines. 43. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. or or so to connect the sentences below. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. 45. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. She said. A B 53. books are mine." 42. He buys a ruler on the way home.
We laugh hard. b.55. We pray hard. Floods Displace More than 7. Torrential rain since August 19. e. The Headlines a. According to the parents of the victim. c.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. 58. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Take her home and make her happy. Bogor and Tangerang. 56. We work hard. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. 57. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. has caused the Awash river to overﬂow its banks. As if that had not been our intention all along. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. Her illness is now at an advanced stage.
Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Balanchard Karen. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 2000. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Israel. Monteiro. Doddy. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 1999. Bandung: Graﬁndo Media Pratama. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition.Bibliography Books Alexander. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Harris. English Form 4. Root Christine. Second Edition. 2000. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.). 2003. New York: Pearson Education. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. 1988. A. 2000. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Hartmann. 1990. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Comber. 161 . 1990. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. 2002. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Opportunities Elementary. Elaine and Darcy Jack. L. Michael et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lars and Michael Walker. Achmad et. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Standar Isi. 2003. English Form 3. L. Ready to Write. Hill. Kirn. English for SMA Volume 2. 1981. 2006. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Tan Soon et al. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Pamela and James Mentel. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Mellgren. Jon et al. Little John. Blundell. Cambridge English for School. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Elaine (ed. Function in English. Hock.G. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. 2003. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. Ibrahim. 1990. 1994. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Favourite Stories from Singapore. 2002. London: Oxford University Press. al.
ﬁles. 2004. 2007. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. 2005.about.com http://www. Tanka.com/english http://www. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. Oshima. 1997. World Book.masham3d.ac http://www.joglosemar. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. 2008 Websites http://www. Reading.com http://www. 2005 Time.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Alice and Ann Hogue. May 10.grimmfairytales. Solomon (ed. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. January 18. March 8.org http://www.Nolasco. 2004. Fourth Edition.unitechnology. The World Book Encyclopedia. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Inc.wikipedia.thejakartapost. Inc.photobucket.co.aesopfables. May 2. April 15. Schlakman.com http://www.com http://www. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Singapore: Oxford University Press.uk http://www.express.com http://www. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. USA: World Book.com http://www. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book.). 366 and More Fairy Tales. Rob. 1993.write.com http://www. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.indonesiaheadline. 2008 The Jakarta Post. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27. December 29. 2004 The Jakarta Post. Judith et al.canauthorsniagara.com http://www. Michael. Swan. New York: Macmillan. Watson.breakingnewsenglish. Brown. 2006 The Jakarta Post. Readings to Remember. Practical English Usage.info http://www. 2005 The Jakarta Post.org http://www.english.short-stories. 2002. 2006. London: Oxford University Press.wordpress. 1983.my-indonesia.
com Microsoft Encarta. 23. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. 2007 K Bibliography 163 . 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 www.com Earthquakes. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. 2004. Time. May. 2004 Publishers Weekly.football-walpapers. The Jakarta Post. 2008 Kompas January. November 23-29.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. May 10. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 1992 Tempo. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. 2005. 2008 Tempo ompas. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. March 8. December 29. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.photobucket. May 10.
or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of ﬂuid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. relating to. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on ﬂesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing ﬂowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. relating to. rudimentary tails. speciﬁcally: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. intricacy. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. used in. caricature. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body.
or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: ﬁrst-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. timeless.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difﬁculties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. desirability. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a ﬂeeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. especially: to increase or improve in value. soundness. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. or destruction. quality. increase. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deﬁciency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deﬁcient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. loss.
especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. occurring. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not veriﬁable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a ﬂuid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a deﬁnite volume and does not expand indeﬁnitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magniﬁcent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for proﬁt: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. group. speciﬁcally: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinumc rispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past.
make tight. jewels. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow ﬂexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terriﬁc /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. destroyed. or sacriﬁced under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular deﬁnite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conﬂict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a ﬁlling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-ﬁction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): ﬁction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientiﬁc factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . especially: rumour wildﬁre /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. a compressed abdomen. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly.
165. 80. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 99. 3. 166 news item 151. 122. 41 Watson. 61 C character 13. 96. 34 appointment 54. 81. 140. 148. 172. 184. 147. 184 I instruction 2. 115. 130. 22. 10 H happiness 25. 83. 75. 159 pleasure 81. 147. 89. 135. 66. 73 R recipe 66. 79. 148. 149. 50. 40. 82. 184 L legend 36. 184 greeting 2. 82. 74. 8. 70. 101. 117. 129. 25. 115. 104. 41. 90. 162. 116. 98. 164 complication 41. Michael 92 Little John. 41. 78. 153. Brown 83 Schlakman. 137. 166 P parting 2. 27. 80. 4. 85. 132. 100. 4. 139. 82. 84. 174 procedure 57.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 138. 134. 131. 166. 9. 176 sympathy 78. 84. 143. 3. 50. 122. 112. L. 97. 80. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 103. 152 F fable 37. 31. 10 passive voice 96. 86 D description 106. 93. 101. 29. 4. 59. 169. 136. 24. 63. 116. 10. 101. 135. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 71. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 93. 171. 16 Balanchard Karen. 4. 112. 170 headline 82. 50. 165. 98. 78. 177. 8. 94. 91. 158 introduce 3. 109. 167 recount 141. 152 O orientation 15. 24. 169. 117. 129. 46. 8. 152. 37. 173. 177. 26. 43. 170. 68. 31. 179 G gratitude 75. 167 reported speech 145. 174 congratulate 79. 108. 9. 101. 88. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 102. 7. 125 direct speech 145. 15. 16. 55. 85. 42. 166 N narrative 14. 125 descriptive 107. 181 surprise 53. 141. 159 S story 75. 134. 9. 102. 31. 99. 28. 33. 145. 94. 146 E events 11. 135. 174. 178 invitation 53. 60. T text structure 15. 100. 130. 10. 3. 30. 40. 26.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 85. 81. Agus 11 Mellgren. 102. 142. 72. 102 compliment 78. 37. 111. 171. 179. 67. 107. 92. 98. 175. 91. 128. 139. 142.
Let me introduce you to Lina. Dian : Really? Good. Lina : Hi. A girl : Hi. See you later. Toni : Hello. they introduce each other. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Mirna. I went to Bali. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Santi. I'm Fany. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. Activity 3 Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. 3. 169 .. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. too. I bought shirts. Fany. 6. We are in the same class. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Dian : Nice to meet you too. 2. 4. Rian : Bye. Santi and I have to go right now. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. How do you do? 4. Mirna : Well.K. Activity 4 1. Santi. I'm Dian. Take care. Then. I must go now. She interrupts them. By the way. this is Santi. Santi : Hi. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. Fany : Well. 3. Bye. Lina. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. this Lina. Good morning.. She meets Rian. How are you? My name is .. Mirna : Anyway. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. and also traditional clothes. My name's Desi. See you later. Let me introduce myself. Allow me to introduce myself. so I have a friend to share with. Rian : Good morning. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. shorts. I swam and surfed on the beach. Mirna : Wow. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. Hi. Nice to see you. Lina : See you. Santi : Hi. I had a great vacation there. Toni. Fany : That's O. My name is Lina. nice to meet you too. Anyway. Lina. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Wina. Mari Memasak Sendiri. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Rian : Oh. Nice to meet you. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Lina : No. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. 5. it's nice to hear your story. I'm sorry I'm late. A girl : Excuse me. 2. My name is Rudi. 5. My name is Rian. I also played football and sand with my brother. There is someone approaching her. Dian : Good morning. It's OK. Andi. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. I'm Rendi. 1. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. right. How do you do? Nice to meet you. It sounds great. Hello. Rian : Yeah.
was 2. 5. Love to your parents. I'm delighted to hear that. 2. He must have skidded in the rain. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. Mom. had 4. swam 7. 3. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. played 10. My brother got an accident last night. well. went 5. Hani : Hooray! That's great. 5. good news 2. At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. bought 8. See you soon. I swam two or three times a day. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. I am also happy to have parents like you both. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. When do we go there. and the weather's a lot better than at home. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. Our teacher's father just passed away. It gives me satisfaction. there wasn't much left. Hani : Thanks Mom. 7. so I was the one who talked to people. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. 3. April. as I said. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. Activity 3 1. 8. I'm so happy. I'm so happy. 4. left 6. but no tourists. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. You win a free ticket to Bali. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Dear Evi and Andi. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. your father said that he would take you to the department store. I hope. the food's great. Andi. You know what. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 Words No. did 3. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . My father bought me a motorcycle. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. The people are friendly. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. When I got back to town. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. but he was afraid to open his mouth. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. but it was fun to try. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. It was a really great place. surfed 9.Activity 9 1. 4. 1. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy.
You get a free ticket for this holiday. Many people died and got serious injured. you will be broken as easily as a single stick." Tapescripts 171 . I'll see him in the hospital right away. I like Sangkuriang story.000 credit bonus." 3. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. hmmm . you will be like these sticks together. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. My name is Putra I like reading comics.. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. My name's Fitra. I like to read fable. I am Ridwan. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. so he decided to teach them a lesson. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. Bon. but if you are divided among yourselves. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. The title is Uzumaki Naruto. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. All of them are folk tale books.) These are the books that you need. they are on the corner shelves. But i don't know where to ﬁnd them. I'm reading Aesop's fables. I saw a bad thunder storm in California.on it." 4. The father said. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. 100. He wasn't. Panji. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. He couldn't even stand up. Panji : Thank you very much.. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence" 7." 8. I am Lita. 4. if you are of one mind. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. "I heard that Budi was in jail. "Did you hear that Mr. was he? He was. I need some books about folk tale. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. "Yesterday.its a bout superhero.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. It's got Rp. "Well done. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. Finally." 2. That's very kind of you. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. He broke his legs. Activity 7 1. "You are excellent and brilliant. The story and the adventure is interesting. "Congratulations. Taken from Readings to Remember.. Boni : Let me help you. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. on the TV news. Boni : Don't mention it. and unite to assist each other. You get Rp 10. he was such in pain. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. 2 3. That's terrible.. The little girl said yes she was. 2004 Activity 5 1. Was he badly injured? Sure." 5. I'm interested in reading legends. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. Panji : Thank you. Boni : Folk tale books . Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. "My sons. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always ﬁghting. I'm looking for some books for my assignments.. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. "Rendi was knocked down by a car.000. What I don't know where to ﬁnd them. Now.
Thank you for asking me.) It's very delicious. He had a friend. Then. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. The g irl : I'm Fanny. Dr Fauzi : Well. She interrupts them. I will attend a meeting. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Spread butter on each piece. It's OK. Dr Fauzi : OK. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. After that. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. We can meet next time. Fauzi. • Cut some cheese into slices. Then. Mr Posuma : Alright. cut cheese into slices. Fauzi. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. Mr Posuma : Hello. who always sees him for general check up. • Take two slices of bread. my name is Lina. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. 7. 4. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. and watching drama. You will come to my birthday. Activity 3 1. • Place the slices on a piece of bread.00 in the morning. please. Arief and Rita have a chat. won't you? 3. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mr Andre Posuma. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. I think . By the way. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. This is about our appointment. I'm very sorry. They enjoy reading stories. it won't surprise you. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. I don't think I can come to your party. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. place the slices on one piece of the bread.. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. (Lina takes the sandwich. Finally. See you. 6. I'd love to come. I have nothing to do. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. Fany : That's OK.. I'd love to. After a long silence. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Bye. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Dr Fauzi : Bye. I'll decide to come or not. Rita : Wow. Lina : No. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. Nice to meet you too. 9. Lina : It's very simple. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. First. It's me. I'd like to. take two pieces of bread. This is Andre. Nice to meet you. 10. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Let's meet at ﬁve. I'll promise I'll be there. Now. I'm sorry I'm late. but I've got an exam tomorrow. Mr Posuma : Hello. A girl : Excuse me. Lina continues her reading. decide. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. novels. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. Doni : Great. Activity 8 1. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. Dr Fauzi : See you. Andre. Then. Ten minutes later. but I can't come. Susi. On the way home. How about tomorrow morning? 8. Thank you very much. Fany. put the other piece on the top. There is someone approaching her. One day. See you there. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. that's OK. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Santi : Hi. his friend calls him. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. great. I'll be at your house at 8. the girl offers something. I'm sorry I can't make it.
Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. Jim. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. 7.' I said. thanks a lot. Activity 11 1. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. 2. 3. Santi : Din. Here it is. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. Jim : Don't mention it. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. you take it off the stove. Put some water in a pot. 6. Now. "I left the money in my room. Then you light the gas.' I said to the manager. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. 1. Put an egg into the water. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. then unfold it. Pour it into a glass or cup. say you want to make four cups of coffee. Boil the water for three minutes. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. "and it's not there now. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. Heat the water. 2. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. 5. Make your folds as sharp as possible. or else it'll overﬂow and make a terrible mess. Alex : Good morning. 4. I'm Smith. James : Thanks for your help. OK? You put four cups of cold water. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. 3. You will have a crease in the centre. Take out the egg and let it cool. thanks. So. and when it reaches the top. Jim. Add boiling water. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. 5.' she said. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. When it starts to boil. 3. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. 4. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. 8. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. Add some sugar or milk. "Well. Place the paper on a ﬂat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. Fold over the right side to meet the left side.2. but he could do nothing. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now.' he said. Draw a face on your whale. Leave it for three minutes.' The manager was sympathetic. It contained £50. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. Then. What you have should look like a kite. See? OK? Andre : Yes. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's ofﬁce and sat down. I'm ﬁne. and stir it. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot.
the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. Andi. The next day.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. On the way home. no. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. How are you doing? Andi : I am ﬁne. 4. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table.' Just then. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. Joko : It's a terriﬁc job. 7. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Desi : Hi. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. the farmer's youngest son ran in. 3. • I like your hair style! • You're terriﬁc/fantastic. Your performance is amazing. 3. this is really delicious. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. that's amazing. By the way. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. 7. Andi : Thank you very much.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. Desi. saying at the same time. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. shouting. • May I congratulate you on …. "Oh. Andi. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. 8. he meets Desi. You look great today! I love your new hair style. Andi. 8. I'm so happy right now. 5. You look great. Taken from English Bestseller 12. I got a scholarship to study abroad. Desi : Never mind Andi. 6. I passed my ﬁnal exam 5. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. Activity 3 1. Desi : Wow. I've got it. Desi : That's great. My brother won a national singing contest. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. Andi. In the course of the meal. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. "This is enough for me. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 3. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. I know you are very smart. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. 6. It is me. 2. I got the highest score for the test. Andi : Oh. 2. Tie the ends together. his friend. Andi. It's my pleasure. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . My stomach can't take any more food. 1. politely saying. 2. thanks. Desi : Thanks. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. You know what. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. Desi. You are so kind.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. 4. too. I guess it's just my luck. • Well done! • Fantastic/terriﬁc! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc.
Activity 5 A. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. thank you. C. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. I'll tell him. By the way. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. and the walls are bigger. In the afternoon she ﬁnished the lower part of her house. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. Thanks. How are you this morning? Hi. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. Yuni. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. My house is more beautiful than yours. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. And you? I'm just ﬁne. Here it is. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. It worked very fast. 3. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. The entire ediﬁce is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. and she worked very carefully. I have kept the package for you. and in ten minutes all job was done. sure. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. thanks. Please come in and have a seat. The Red and White Onions 3. 4. : : : : : : : : : : : : Activity 3 1. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . I have to repaint it. The police have found your missing purse. please. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. That she got an idea. The Witch was very happy. she said "Your house is ugly. one on top of the other. B.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. How kind of you. Thanks. Where do they originally come from? 1. Henry. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Hello Yuni. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. When she looked around the room. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. in southwestern England. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. "my friend was right. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. This man has saved y our daughter's life. 5. Sangkuriang 4. Fine. "Broom. The Romans. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. Malin Kundang 2. Great. It's all right. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to inﬁltrate the strong roman defense. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Here it is and thanks. Thanks. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. After lunch she started to paint.
News 3 Lately. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class.. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). no. : I'm serious. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. that's very surprising. guys. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. I don't believe it. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. My goodness! 5. Are you serious? 4. What a shocking. in July. It's very tragic. Well. The tender process for the project is expected to ﬁnish by the end of June. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. I don't believe it. He ﬁnds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Father : Oh. Andi : Attention. South Jakarta. We will have a holiday someday. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Good heavens! 6. How very surprising/amazing. from April 18 to 20.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. Are you serious? 6. South Jakarta. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand. pay attention to our leader. I ﬁnd that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. " The design of the park is under way. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. I can't imagine that. 7. 3. Really? 4. You must be kidding. dear. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. : Oh. no! Another disaster? (Then. be quiet. What a surprise! 2. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. This is terrible. Aldi : Shh. 2. Besides its thousand doors. : Keep calm guys. Many roads are ﬂooded. 5. That's very disappointing. please! I have something to tell you. He told me about our holiday. I tell you the truth. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. Iwan : Dad. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. Please. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1.. Oh really? Is it true? 3. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. It seems that he brings bad news for us. No.. Father : We know how it feels. Thousands of people were killed." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design.) Iwan : Yeah. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. Many people became homeless.OK my friends.
m. A staff of the local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5.. During study time. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route.00. Rani : Thanks.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. Herman. "My ofﬁce is still drafting the regulation on study time. : Let's meet at 8. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. in time for National Education Day." Mochtar said. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? Tapescripts 177 . paralysing trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. with four Premier League games to go. November 18. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. Agus : Well done. Rita : Thank you. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. Kristin : I can't come to your party. "The study time must be effective. no TV. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. he said. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. Tanti : Hey. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. I don't think I can make it. the regency's capital. The regulation. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of ﬁnish homework. The following text is for questions 8 to 12. to 7:30 p. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. He is in the hospital now. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. 1996 3. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. instead of the regular fare of Rp50." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. ﬁve hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125.m. Taken from The Jakarta Post.000.com on Monday. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. as quoted by Tempointeraktif.000. In addition. 1. : I'm busy. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. The trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. game consoles. when cereal prices began rising. You deserve to get that award. Since early 2007. My brother is ill. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. would be issued on May 2. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. 2004 Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia.
At noon when it was getting darker. Activity 3 1. Activity 4 1. Allow me to introduce myself 3. 4. lazy 10. c 4. 3. 5. 4. She confuse. We sang. b 5. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. He was so surprised. had 7. My name is Lina. I'm Dian. 2. 3. (b) Good morning. 2. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks.00 p. spent 12. 6. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . In March. 2. Desi. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. Activity 2 1. 6. a Activity 8 1. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. this is Santi. He was very friendly. Hi. Nice to see you. this Lina. got 2. 2. 5. quiet 4. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Nice to meet you too 8. (b) Hi. Yes. played magic tricks. (b) Hi. Activity 5 1. (b) Glad to meet you. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. 3. 4. Event 3 : When I got back to town. She talks to Lina. 5. speechless. She says see you. saw 6. b 2. No. 5. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. 4. 7. Activity 10 1. We went camping. than 8. 4. 7. Good morning 5. 4. Take care. as I said. there wasn't much left. Yes he did. danced. She was so surprised. Bye. I must go now 9. too. It took for about one and a half hour. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Linda was born in 1952. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. get 3. My name is Rian 6. Activity 4 1.m. A piece of paper that the man gave. She also introduces herself. He was looking for a record store. swam 11. Activity 8 1. Andika did. happy. Lina. It takes place in the city park. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. Nice to meet you. she didn't.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. well. at 4:00 in the afternoon. She was born in October 31. Let me introduce you to Lina. 4. 28th 2008 at 8. 10. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. 5. How are you? 3. 3. she does.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. He was walking down Sunda Street. believe 9. I'm Deni. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. Good morning 2. (a) I'm just ﬁne. 2. 8. 7. 3. 2. Activity 3 1. Santi. read poetry. went 5. c 3. Rudi. 5.
Answers may vary. 7. 8. Boni and Panji. How awful! 5. 9. Harry Potter 3. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. 2. 4. I'm so glad right now. Did you hear 4. Metro-Goldwyn 4. Answer may vary. Activity 6 1. 5. Activity 9 1. 3. great 3. Rosaura ran away from her house. No. Six peoples. I'm so happy for you. Folk tales books 5. (a) How terrible! 3. 2. Activity 8 1. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. she didn't. Answer may vary. The red ﬂowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 4. He is looking for some books for his assignments. I'll take care of it. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. that's good news. Activity 4 1. Activity 2 1. Answer may vary. 3. 10. disappeared 8. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Superhero ﬁction. 8. proud 4. even stand up 2. they couldn't. asked 7. Sally was listening to music in her room. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. 6. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. nightgown on 3. (b) Oh really? That's great. waited 5. superhero comics. Sangkuriang 4. that's too bad 6. saw that 4. Hiding from her mother and father. 7. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. Because the colour of the petals of the ﬂowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. 9. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. legends. 7. fable. Answer Key 179 . Rosaura. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the ﬁelds. No. 4. 2. Activity 3 1. 6.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. (a) Oh. 10. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. 8. 2. Activity 4 Answers may vary. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. happy 2. Putra. 4. She cried in front of me. 2. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. 3. 2. 5. 4. You have my sincere condolences. Fitra. Answer may vary. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. 3. a basket of food 6. A folk tale. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. 5. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. That's terrible 3. blessed Dialogue 2 1. I'm so sorry to hear that. adventure novel. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. They didn't not know each other. Legends. Ridwan. Activity 7 1. It's about ﬁnding the story books. opened 2.
8. Invitation. you can break in two or three eggs. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. Activity 10 1. It's OK. 14. 2. Eighty six percents. d 2. How to Make a Cup of Tea. Turkish coffee. How to Boil an Egg. b a c c b 16. Certainly. • Now. • Then. 3. 8. 5. 7. Let's meet at ﬁve. d 4. Activity 8 1. 2. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese ﬂour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector ﬁrst then next ﬁnally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. 10. Invitation. 3. • First. Do you want some? 3. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. 2. 4. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 3. Ask a friend. Being friendly. d 17. press one of the switches at the bottom. on the top. a 3. 2. pepper and other spices.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. I'm sorry. • Stir the mixture and add salt. Could you tell me 5. 4. Nice to meet you. To move the fan up or down. 3. 4. I'd love to come. Activity 7 1. Thirty students. 6. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. I'd love to. To change the speed of the fan. that's OK. Answers may vary 3. 2. 2. Answer may vary. Activity 2 1. Activity 3 1. 7. Being friendly. then press the tilt adjustment knob. To make the fan move sideways. a 5. 2. First. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. Twenty eight. 15. if you like. Activity 4 1. Activity 2 1. • Finally. I'll be there 6. meat and eggs. vegetables. 4. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. tomatoes and cucumber. c b a b d 11. 12. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. 2. 13. I'm sorry I can't make it. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • The best vegetables to use are onions. Review 1 A. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. 1. push the pin on top of the motor 4. Would you like to come to my house? 2. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. garlic. 5. Activity 6 1. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. After that 7. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. Activity 2 1. 9. b d a c a Listening 6. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary.
10. You look great today 3. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. Activity 3 1. 21. 39. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. 20. the the a Yes. False 4. Writing 23. I think so. d 34. c 4. Thank you very much 4. 7. I'm so happy 5. b 5. I do. a 3. 25. (k) One day. True Activity 9 1. 2. 44. 37. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. The wax statue is melted by a ﬁre at the House of Wax. She went to the castle and killed a knight. False 3. 43. 3. started to 7. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. 3. No. 31. 9. 6. Activity 6 1. 27. while he was going from one village to another. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. Activity 4 1. b 35. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. It is me terriﬁc job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. ran away. found out 9. 36. shouted 4. Yes. a 2. Fifty years. 4. 7. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. Grendel 2. Reading 18. 26. A dragon. looked around 5. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. 32. True 6. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. True 7. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. 5. 22. e 3. 33. 45. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. 5. bought read Put shave killed. Congratulations 6. he felt very tired 3. A special sword. 24. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Is it true 2. 29. a 4. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. 40. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 42. 5. they didin't. 2. went to the shop 6. ﬁnished 8. Well done! 7. 8. 5. 6.B. a 3. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. 30. come over 2. True 2. b 2. c d b a a 41. a paint brush 10. d a a d c 28. 19. b 4. 4. 3. 6. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. a c c b c C. it started Activity 10 1. 4. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. A family is helped by the ﬁreﬁghters from being trapped in a ruin. b 5. 4. False 8. Answer Key 181 . more beautiful 3. True 5. c Activity 2 1. Activity 8 1. How are you doing 2. He died. Activity 3 1. 38.
for 2. 3. 4. stained glass windows 5. of 10. 11.8 kilometre).000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. he can. doors. thanks 4. 6. 6. b 4. historical buildings 2. T 2. 5. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. for 12. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. 6. Picture 2 B. Activity 3 1. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. And so on. I won't say no. d 5. Canada and the United States. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. near Activity 13 1. f 3. Easter Island Answers may vary. to 14. h Activity 4 1. in 13. A steep gorge. i 9. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). Activity 12 1. on 7. It's all right. Activity 3 1. 5. at 9. long winding corridors 6. for 5. thanks 1. Activity 7 Answers may vary. 3. in Tabuhan. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. c 12. 10. On Sunday morning. how grateful I am. of 6. 4. 3. 3. b 5. Wareng village. 2. a 3. Activity 5 A. a 8. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. Ardi does. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. l 13. She'd love to. 5. for 3. b 10. Activity 8 1. of 4. East of the cave. F 4. Yes. 2. Activity 2 1. a 2. thank you 3. of 11. Wiyogo. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Activity 10 1. of 8. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Africa Time of building: 1. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. g 7. 4. in a lime hill called Tapan. e 6.5 mile (0. 7. Yes. 3. for 15. T 5. landmark Location: in the South Paciﬁc. It is on Niagara River. Lawang Sewu 3. 5. 2. k 4. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. 3. a thousand doors 4. thanks 2. 8. F 3. 2. he is. 9. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. Thanks. and roofs are from wood. m 11.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. 8. coconut-palms and birds. 7. Returning sport magazine he lent. how kind of you. 5. 4. j 2. The wall is from stone and the ﬂoors.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. 2. Activity 2 1. 90 years old. Picture 3 C. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-riceﬁelds.
huge 2. and years of imprisonments. 5. Kauai. Attention 4. to study 5. T 4. Activity 5 1. and. a palace. phrases. T 2. Oahu. so gloomy 6. bad news 5. F 10. 3. No. entertainment centers 6. from colourful shirts. they do. 2. How the Tower of London is now. Full board. News 4 6.'s ﬁnest castles. 9. How the Tower of London was. Yes. Since then it has been a fortress. Activity 7 1. 8. look! 2. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. As little as 1. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Oh. News 3 2. News 2 4. T 8. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake.K. Paragraph 10–12 2. It also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays. 7. T Activity 6 1. 3. The Tower is one of the U. is the home of the Crown Jewels. Activity 7 1. F 5. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. draw 3. News 1 5. F 3. Lights. 2. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. News 6 3. through ﬂower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. F 7. will force 2. showing nine centuries of British history. issued 4. Paragraph 14 2. regulation 3. 4. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. 6. Activity 2 1. Paragraph 3 4. News 5 Activity 9 1. This is terrible. They contain a description of places. Are you serious? 2. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. we can't. no! 4. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. 10. Activity 5 1. Paragraph 7 5. lovely 5. ceremonies.250 euros per person for seven nights. 3. F 9. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. and a prison-the scene of murder. Activity 4 The Tower of London was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. Paragraph 17 3. In 1999. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. execution. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. 3. I don't believe it.700 kilograms. 9. A plain big stone. Answer Key 183 . F 6. Big Island and Maui. "Fine". Oh.8. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. crowded 4. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii.
In the room where top scientists meet 4. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. caption 7. 3. d b 28. The students visit the national museum. b a d c Listening 5. d b 25. 1. 12. d d 26. 31. 13. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. for 45. b c c a 9. a d a c 39. c 58. B. T 3. and schools. Ministry of Defence." asked Nia. 30. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. 42. 34. ending statements Activity 3 1. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. 17. Jazz forecast All weekend. 52." 5. date 5. but 44. 11. 3. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. photograph 6. Between the age of two and six. 50. "The team' means parents. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. quotes 8. 2." said Mr Ardi. b 4. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. b a 22. before 49. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. they have. 53. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. 41. Answers may vary. T 5. 40. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. headline 2. Hamdan asked. Activity 9 1. F 6. introductory paragraph 3."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. 3." 2. 16. c c 23. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. 35. 7.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Those 46. 8. Yes. Reading C. d 55. 29. 20. a 56. c 21. a Activity 7 1. Activity 2 1. b 57. The man said. Activity 4 1. From the time of birth. the events 4. Alya said. T Activity 5 1. 18. b c 27. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. T 2. "Please return my books that you borrowed. but 48. The students were given a new book by the teacher. Review 2 A. 2." said Mrs Zakia. b c 24. b 2. 32. a 5. These 47. 6. "Meet me in my ofﬁce. 19. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. 10. students. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. 4. 51. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. a 3. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. 37. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. 36. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. F 4. 38. 14. 33. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. 54. 15.
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