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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d
: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliograﬁ: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...
Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Kami berharap. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Namun. dapat diunduh (down load). Jakarta. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. dicetak. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. Pemerintah. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . dalam hal ini. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Oleh karena itu. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. pada tahun 2008. digandakan. dialihmediakan.
Bandung. convention. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. acting out dialogues. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. reﬂection and language use. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. cultural knowledge. collaboration. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. especially the editors and team. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. July 2008 iters iv .Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. support and encouragement. Hopefully. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various ﬁelds of science to prepare you to go to university. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. for facilitating us to publish our work. problem solving. These activities explore your creativity. Last but not least.
Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. 14. Listening. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. 8. 6. 12. v . Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. Learning Reﬂection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. 16. 10. 5. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. Englishclub. 3. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. Each chapter consists four language skills. Title introduces the theme of the chapter.e. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 2. 17. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. 7. 15.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. 4. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. Reading and Writing. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. 11. i. 18. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 9. Speaking. 13.
Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ i ii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing d iary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 1 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .
accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________102 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii . accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making.
Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________128 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________128
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________152
Review2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178
Source: Publisher's Documentation
Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation
It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.
Look at the picture and answer the following questions.
Source: Publisher's Documentation
1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?
Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
What's your name? Good morning.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. b. ivillage. For example: You will hear: Hello.. Nice to see you. Cut Nia. right. My name is Edo. Cut Nia. By the way. Then. a. My name is Risa. What's your name? Hi. b. 2. It's Nice to See You 3 . Hi.com. 8 9 10 . I'm your neighbour. Anyway.2 . so I have a friend to share with. b. too. . 1. We are in the same class. introducing and parting expressions. right? Dian : 7 I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Good bye. I'm Cut Nia. a. How do you do? Hi. Rian : Oh. . b. Nice to meet you. What's our ame? y n The correct response for the expression is . Mari Memasak Sendiri. Rian : Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. Nice to meet you. 5. Good morning. they introduce each other. My name is Edo. The correct response is (b) Hi. Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. parties.. a. Rudi. Bye. Englishclub. Hello. . Rian : Yeah. How are you? I'm just ﬁne.. 4. . . b. 3. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Nice to meet you. Good morning. Rian : .3 .com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Glad to meet you. She meets Rian. b. a. I'm Deni. Desi. Nice to meet you. a. You can ﬁnd how to make proper introductions at business functions. Dian : Really? Good. dinners and other social situations. Dian : 1 4 5 6 . a. Cut Nia.
2. hometown and address. 1. You meet a new classmate at school. 3. 2.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. Ask his/her name. When you are going shopping with your father. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Introduce yourself to him/ her. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. 4. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 5. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. you meet your father's friend. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. 1. Introduce yourself to them. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 3. 6. 5. 4. You can add any information related to the questions. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it brieﬂy. 7. 4. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at ﬁrst? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 1.
Johny? Mr. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. 9. nice to meet you again after long holiday. 8. 6. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. I swam and surfed on the beach. Then practise it with your friend.. Mirna : Wow. 3. Mirna. Toni. shorts. nice to meet you too. Mitha : Oh. 10. Johny. Sir. 7. I had a great vacation there. How do you do Mr. Mirna : Hi. d. I went to Bali. Johny : . I bought shirts. Mr. This is Mr. it's nice to hear your story. sit down.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. 2. b. Mirna : Anyway. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday.. Mitha a.. 4. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. and also traditional clothes. I see. I also played football and sand with my brother. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. c. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . 1. 5. Harry : Good morning Mit. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat.. Toni : Hello. Mirna : Well. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. It sounds great. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. d. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well.
Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and ﬁll in the following form based on the text you heard. I (swim) two or three times a day. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. so I was the one who talked to people. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. the food's great. but he was afraid to open his mouth. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I (hope). It was a really great place. The people are friendly. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Love to your parents. Yogyakarta April. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). but it was fun to try. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. See you soon. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. but no tourists.
Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. Thank you. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a speciﬁc relationship to you. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. Let's go to the crowd.com Study the following dialogues. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. I can spend my whole day for cooking. Denias : Hi. Denias : By the way. Asep : Hello. I'm from Papua. 3. Asep. I'm Denias.Speaking In this section. How are you? Asep : I'm ﬁne. let me introduce myself. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. How about you? Sri : I'm ﬁne too. Sri : Hi. Source: www. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. 1. My name is Ali. Asep : Nice to meet you too. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. Denias : Hi. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others.ivillage. Nice to meet you. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. say greetings and partings. Asep : Elvi. my new friend. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. perform a monologue of recount texts. It's Nice to See You 7 . Act them out with your friends'. 2. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. this is Denias.
Andi : Excuse me. then.. too. Cipto this is Yani. Cipto : That's very kind of you. It's nice and exciting. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Asep : Alright my friends. I'll take you to the Hotel ﬁrst. too. We can talk about cooking later. Cipto : Great. introducing. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. Andi : OK. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Andi : How do you do. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. You must be tired. Nice to see you. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. let's talk about cooking later. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Read the dialogues once again. Yani : Hello. Andi : Nice to meet you. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. It was ﬁne. thanks. I'm Cipto Susanto.. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. Cipto. Cipto : How do you do. his new colleague at the airport. Don : Pleased to meet you too. My hobby is cooking too. great. How's the trip? Yani : Well. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. Andi : Not at all. Don is my friend b. Cipto. Don wants to meet you c. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. a.. Thanks. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. Denias and Sri : Let's go. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. . Nice to meet you. Cipto.
I'm .. thanks. Hi! I'm . Peter–Jeny. How nice to see you Hello. Allow me to introduce my self. here's Peter. How do you do? Not bad.. Good afternoon. Hello.. Good morning. Goodbye.. Let me introduce you to .. My name is . Yes. My name's .. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night. It's Nice to See You 9 ....... See you later.... I'd like you to meet .. Bye.. Do you know . See you.What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself.. Oh look..... it's been so nice. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to .. Allow me to introduce . meeting and parting. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. Good evening.. Fine.... introducing. Hello! My name is . Bye. This .. Excuse me my name's . Good afternoon. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning. How do you do? My name is . Good evening... Goodbye.
her sister. Goodbye. Sorry. Dewi. Budi : 1 . I stay in the Uptown Apartment on ﬁfth Avenue. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. Budi : Anyway. Budi : 5 . his brother. you introduce Mr Lubis. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. At a meeting. Budi : That's great. Wayan is your friend. I also stay there on eleventh ﬂoor. 1. to your father. 2. He introduces Sofyan. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Budi. Rendi : Mine's on tenth ﬂoor. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. your friend. Then practise it with your partner. In the classroom. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • ﬂag-ﬂags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. introduces you to Tini. your English teacher. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. 4. to you. I have to get going. 2 Rendi : 3 Reni. 3. Haven't we met before? Rendi : I don't think so. 4 . Rendi : See you then.
I had a lovely time. I didn't do anything special. No. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. It was getting darker and colder. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. 2. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. Then complete the following table with different names.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. my friends and I went camping. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. 2. On Monday. 5. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. We sang. so we built a ﬁre camp. Look at the following example. 1. At night. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some ﬁsh for supper. 3. Study the events. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. Last weekend. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. played magic tricks. It was great. we held a ﬁre camp night. We built the camp next to a small river. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. danced. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. The next day. For example: 1. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. read poetry. 4.
1.30 3. 4. 5.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the ﬂowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class.m p. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time. Saturday Sunday 6.m pm p.m p.m p. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a ﬁre camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. 3.30 6 a.m p.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.m a.m p. 2.m a.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.
but he really wanted me to have it. It was a photo. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 2. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. He was very friendly. 3. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. He thanked me and tried to give me something. I decided to buy it. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. 7. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. 1. 3. 6. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he ﬁnd in his wallet? Explain. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. I was walking down Sunda Street. I said 'no' at ﬁrst. I thought it was money. and his face looked so familiar.Reading In this section. so I took it. 4. 2. 5. I found the record store and listened to a few records. looking for a record store. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . 8. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. read and understand recount texts. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. 1.
After breakfast. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. d. crutched. d. First.use action words eg helped. c. d. b. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) .edu. He gets a terrible day. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. 1.lmpc. c. Because he didn't see alarm clock. 3. b. Taken from Ready to Write. He had a terrible day. Then.au. How far did the writer walk? a. Next. but I didn't have enough money. He walked for two miles. He has a terrible day.focus on individual people ie use the words. d. I wanted to take a taxi. b. Because his alarm clock didn't work. 4. He got a terrible day. b. I or we . visited . He walked for ﬁve miles. He walked for four miles. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. Source: www. He walked for three miles. Because he didn't set alarm clock. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. but of course I missed it. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. Finally. 2. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . What happened to the writer yesterday? a. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast. c. What did he do after having breakfast? a.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. Because his alarm clock didn't go off.write in the past tense eg had. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . c. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.
The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. First. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. It's Nice to See You 15 . walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. I wanted to take a taxi.5. Events: tell what happened. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. but of course I missed it. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. in what sequence. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. d. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. 1. I had a terrible day yesterday. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. c. missed /mɪsd/ 6. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and ﬁnd their synonyms. The writer hopes to take a taxi. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. What does the writer hope? a. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. b.
I met her at four o'clock. it was three o'clock. took a little walk and went to a movie. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. I had my early breakfast." After driven her home I went back to my house. we had a romantic dinner.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. because I was about to propose a girl. • • • • • • Use at with speciﬁc times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Yes. Taken from New Horizons in English. Then she said "Yes. It wasn't a regular day. Study the prepositions of time and the example. So. Finally. At seven. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. She smiled. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her ﬁnger. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. I was a little bit crazy. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. I remembered all my lines. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. Work in pairs. At one o'clock. After praying and taking a bath.
Only after my mother was totally satisﬁed would I be allowed to rush out of the front door. 1. Adapted from www. 2. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. Linda was born October 31. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went.edu. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. 3.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with speciﬁc dates: on June 30 on April 21.lmpc. She takes the Saturday 9. Tuesday I'll meet you for lunch noon.au It's Nice to See You 17 . Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 4:00 She was born the afternoon. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position.00 the train 10:45. 5. morning and arrives in Singapore Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. I lived in Jakarta 1995 1998. 1952. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. 4.
3. This morning Andika called me. 2. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. March. 5. Activity 1 Answer the following questions.Writing In this section. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 1. 4. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. Confuse. 4. 3.m. Happy. I was surprised. write recount texts. Answer the questions that follow. 1. 28th 2008 08. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts.00 p. 5. Speechless. Write it in your diary. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. 2.
First..30. When I had seen the sights in Europe. Activity 4 Study the following schedule.00-3. He wrote his journey in his diary. I spent a week in New York and then ﬂew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule. .00-1.30 11. I went to south America and ﬁnally back home to Indonesia. I came in to the class and greeted the students.30-11. It's Nice to See You 19 .00-10. After through Asia. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. At 08.30-12.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order..00 9.30-9..Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order. Remember to begin with topic sentences.00 1. I ﬂew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. Tuesday 08.30 10.00 12.
I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. her mother. her father was rmaa. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . but after giving birth to a son. Write it in your workbook. She wouldn't say a word. he started talking about himself. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. As you read the text.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. his name was singgih. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difﬁcult talking to her. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. decide the conclusion at each stage. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. and there was no stopping him. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. His story Maya is a friend of Galih.com Activity 6 Read this story. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart.peperonity.recount. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. nowadays indonesian women progress is inﬂuenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. Rewrite it using your own words. so I rang her and asked her for a date. He telephoned me and invited me to see a ﬁlm and I accepted. her condition was getting worse and she ﬁnally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. everyone knows who kartini is. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. then she moved to rembang. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. kartini. the head of rembang regency.
I wanted to crawl into a hole. She behaved terribly. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. He was so insensitive.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. Then he suggested that we took a bus. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. His story I got there on time. I was getting ready. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. I explained that I was Maya's date. I never want to see him again. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. I almost died of embarrassment. She refused everything that I offered her. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. I didn't know where to look. His story I would never call her again. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. I wasn't even hungry. His story She was a real bore. and never apologized. It was awful. One date with her was more than enough. I think she was impressed by my suit. and you should have seen Maya's face when she ﬁrst came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outﬁt he was wearing. The ﬁlm was very funny. She explained that she was still full from lunch. but she kept muttering throughout. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. She's a real snob.
d. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. the passengers were eating raw ﬁsh and meat. e. c. It was an interesting ﬁlm about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Paciﬁc Ocean. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 a. Although the passengers were safe. b. After a few weeks. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch ﬁsh from the sea to eat.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures.
2. But my sister and I enjoyed the ﬁlm. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. She put the things on her list in time order. g. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. j. 3. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . Activity 8 Yesterday. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. 4. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. k. h. Consider the following. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry.f. But their boat sank and they were drowned. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to ﬁnd help. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. After they had been on the island for two months. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. My sister and I went to see a ﬁlm last night. The ﬁlm ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. 1. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. i.
Events : . write a recount text. I am Deri. Introducing • Hi. c. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.Orientation : . 6. • Good evening. Language Functions a. 8. meeting and parting. • Hello.Chapter Summary 1. introduce yourself and others. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. • Good night. Now. respond to the expressions of introducing. b. say greetings and goodbye. respond to oral instructions. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. What do you say to greet people? 3. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. answer the questions: 1. 7. • Good morning. 2. my name is Dewi. identify the structure of recount texts. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. 4. Parting • Goodbye. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties.Re-orientation : 2. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. • See you later. 3. perform a monologue of recount texts. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Greeting • Hi! • Hello. you are expected to be able to: 1. How do you introduce yourself? 2. 5.
Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .
Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent.Listening In this section. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. 1. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. respond to narrative texts. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle.
that's good news. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. b. I'm so happy. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. The best response is …. I'm sorry to hear that. 5. 3. Oh really? That's too bad. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. 4. Then. 8. 1. 4. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. I'm delighted to hear that. How poor she is. 2. Oh. Oh. Is that right? That's too bad. b. b. b. 6. a. a. a. repeat the words and expressions. It gives me satisfaction. 7. Oh really? That's great. a. How errible! t I'm delighted to hear that. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . a. 5. 1. that's bad news.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. 2. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. 3. b. No. b. a.
g. Rudi. he was such in pain. Source: www. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. . Hani : Thanks Mom. Andi. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. priorities and values). their history. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. was he? . He must have skidded in the rain. Was he badly injured? Andi : Oh 3 Deni : Sure. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. in the hospital right away. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Andi : I'll 6 New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. Mom. experiences. his friend. Andi : He wasn't. When do we go there. 1 was riding his motorcycles? ! What happened? Andi : Oh really? 2 Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. He couldn't 4 legs. Mother: My dear daughter. experiences. experiences. Hani : Thanks for your praise. your father said that he would take you to the department store. . sympathy and affection. that Rudi fell off when he Deni : Hi. He broke his Deni : He was. Where is he now? Is he in the Andi : 5 hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . our history.g.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. She is very happy. priorities and values). . experiences.about. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. has just got an accident. I am also 3 to have parents like you both.
I heard that Budi was in jail. 6. Congratulations. 5. Rendi was knocked down by a car. Then make the best response for each expression. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No.000. It's got Rp. Many people died and got serious injured. 100. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. 5. You get a free ticket for this holiday. on the TV news. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. You get Rp 10. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. 3.000 credit bonus. Did you hear that Mr. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. 3. You are excellent and brilliant. Number one has been done for you. 7. 1. 4. I've lost my wallet somewhere. 4. 2. 4. 2. 1. Well done. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. 2. 7. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . Yesterday.on it. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. 8. 3. 8.
So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the into little girl told him and he 4 the woods. the When the little girl 5 door of her grandmother's house. Then.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to to her come along carrying 2 grandmother. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. Finally. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother lion looks like Calvin than 8 Coolidge. She had a nightcap and 6 approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve it feet from the bed when she 7 was not her grandmother but the wolf. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. However. Taken from Readings to Remember. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. she saw there was somebody in bed with . time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conﬂict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The little girl said yes she was. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead.
4. 10. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. I'm delighted to hear that. 3. perform a monologue of narrative texts. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. 8. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. 6. 9. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. Your brother has a problem. It's really great. What a nice news. I'm so happy. Are you ﬁne? Oh dear. I know how it feels. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . 7. 1. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. 1. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. It makes me happy. what are the expressions? 4. It gives me a great pleasure. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. 5. One of your friends had an accident. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. He looks sad.Speaking In this section. 2. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. What a shame.
I can't still believe that she's gone. Retno : Dad. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. It's lovely. Then act them out in front of the class. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. I will. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Basri : Hi. that's wonderful. where is mom? Father : She is back there. Mother : I'm right here. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. I am going to work. b. I hope he'll be better soon. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Come on. What's up? Retno : Mom. no... Ivan. Mommy…. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. c. I'm so happy right now. this week has been so terrible for me. poor John. d. She is very happy. Go tell your daddy. However. You don't look very happy. It's always hard to lose someone you love. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. e. I hope so. Mother : Yes. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. Retno : Mommy. Ali. Ali : Thanks.. you know. Retno : Yes. The italicised sentence is used to express . Pay attention to your expressions. Basri : Of course. : Oh.
I'm delighted to hear that.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be ﬁne. What a terrible situation for you.. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. sympathy and affection. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. I do sympathise (I assure you). It gives me a great pleasure.. I'm so happy. Oh dear. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . Oh that's awful. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 .. Hooray! It's lovely. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. sorry to hear that. I'm with you. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry.
Sir. mommy…. Eka? Eka : Well. Take all the time you need. that's excellent. Then act them out with your friends'. Don't worry about this project. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. I'm . What's up? Ranti : Mom. 2. I'll take . Express your sympathy in the dialogue. Sir. now. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . . Sir. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. 1. You have my sincere Mr A ndrew : Oh. He is very happy. Eka : I know that Sir. Use the expressions you have learned. make dialogues based on the following situations. I'm afraid I cannot ﬁnish my job at the moment. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. I'm you. Wandi : Mommy. for Mother : Oh really.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. you know what. Eka : Thank you. Mother : I'm right here. I'm so Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. Eka : Excuse me. Then practise them with your friends'. Your friend's father has passed away. Activity 5 Now. Mr A ndrew : Are you serious? We need to ﬁnish this project right away. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Ranti : Thanks Mom.
He ﬁrst went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. He stepped in to stop the ﬁght and was gored to death by angry bulls. in which case they would have bought salt from him. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. His father told him that he should have poured water on the ﬁre instead. the people there would have bought salt from him. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. 4. he started drumming and dancing. 3. Then. When he returned home. 1. Do a storytelling to your friends. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. Taken from English Bestseller 12. he went to a village where there happened to be a ﬁre. In the next place he went to. they would have bought his salt. if he wanted to sell salt there. There he dug a huge hole. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. 2. only to be thrown out by the people. In the final event. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . This made the people angry and they chased him away. the man saw two bulls ﬁghting with each other. When he returned home. a couple were ﬁghting with each other. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. again to be chased away. Rushing to the place. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them.
Make sure that you fully understand the story. Use the following steps as your guide. he gave them much money. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. characters. events and outcome of the story. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. It could be a folk tale or a legend. Retell it in front of the class.. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. 1. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10.. Can't you imagine that .. Example: Let me tell you something. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. 1. 3. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. dug /dʌg/ 2. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . death /deθ/ 8. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. There was a rich man having three sons.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. pour /pɔ:/ 4. Identify the setting. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. 2. As their sons were no longer children. Well.
you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts.grimmfairytales. fable b. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. 1. May 10. And so he experiments considerably. a Englishclub. science-ﬁction f. folk alet d. by Sue Robinson. At once curious and conﬁdent. a. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. Source: Publishers Weekly. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. read and understand narrative texts.com Visit www. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. superhero c.Reading In this section. Use your dictionary to check new words. 2. fantasy g. Decide the types of them. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. adventure e. Activity 1 Answer these questions. Bear in the Barnyard. and retell it in front of your class. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. Choose one of your favourites. illustrated by Tony Morris 3.
May 10. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow.b Under the Bed. these monsters ﬂee the bedroom when they discover the child. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. What type of ﬁction do you like most? Others Adventure Science-ﬁction 15% 10% 5% Superhero 25% 10 12. Hairy green. It shows you types of ﬁction read by students in a class.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true. warty and winged.5% 7. by Paul Bright. spiney red.
the eldest son tried to shoot a ﬂy on his father's forehead. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. They had spent all their money uselessly. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. 4. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. Now. He thought that hunting would be ﬁne so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. One day. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. The second son met a basketmaker. he was very angry. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. You can use it to start your own business. One day. The eldest son met a hunter. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. 3. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. What type of ﬁction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite ﬁction? Can you ﬁll in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of ﬁction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. 2. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. When I die.1. "You are no longer children. he said to his sons. You must do something to earn your own living. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. I am not going to leave you very much money. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. You must do the same. Instead. he killed his father. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. "What stupid sons I have!" He said.
What would you do with your money? 2. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. Several years later. they found a baby boy outside their door. "You must send your son away. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. they were very unhappy. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . They loved him very much. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. One day. he picked up his bag. The young man thanked him. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. That evening. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. a young man came to the inn. After ﬁnishing his meal. It was full of small gold bars. They believed what the fortune-teller said. "You are really very honest. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. He returned the bag to him. in its place." he said. He put his bag on the ﬂoor near his table. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. Sau Ling was very honest. When Sau Ling was a young man." He looked inside. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. a fortune-teller came to the house." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. They had no children." he said. 1.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. "That's strange!" he thought. Because of this. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. "It feels so heavy.
4. He gave Sau Ling a good job. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. 8. Then ﬁnd their synonyms. "and take a holiday. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. 3. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan." The young man's father was a rich merchant. 9. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. 7. and resolution. 2. 5. "But go home ﬁrst. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. The fortune-teller was also present. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. 2000 Every text has its own structure. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. He left the house without saying a word. Sau Ling told them what had happened. complication. 10. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. 1.resolution father to give you a job." he said." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. 6.
All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. "Not yet. Suddenly. her red ribbon ﬂuttered. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. The afternoon stretched out long and hot." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. In her tangled black hair." called her mother. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterﬂy. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. where are you going?" called her mother. forgetting all about her hiding game. As the sun reached the far side of the ﬁeld. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. a bright yellow butterﬂy darted by. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. As soon as she had ﬁnished her food she slipped down from her chair. "It's time for lunch. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. and heading for the fields. "Rosaura! There you are." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. But it was nowhere to be seen. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. His eyes scanned the ﬁelds for Rosaura's red ribbon. She crouched quietly. It was her favourite game.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. But Rosaura was already through the gate. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the ﬁelds. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "Rosaura." said her mother.
But they could ﬁnd no red ribbon. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. "She was always happier in the ﬁelds. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the ﬁeld. As the sun came up bright and strong. 2. casting a red glow over the ﬁelds. is how the red poppy came to be. "I see her!" he cried. Her father looked away in disappointment. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. Now the sun had set. In the dawn.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. As night fell. But it was another red ﬂower. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the ﬁelds and watched the red ﬂowers dancing under the sun. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7." said her mother. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night." said Rosaura's father. 5. but the red petals of a ﬂower. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the ﬁeld. say the Indians. "They will stay with us!" Every year. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. And that. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. 1." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father ﬁnd her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . looking for the red ribbon. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. 4. 3. staring over the ﬁeld. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a ﬂower before. It was ﬁlled with red ﬂowers swaying and ﬂuttering in the tall grass.
Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Her father looked away in disappointment. Chinese. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. Afﬁrmative Rosaura ate her meal quickly. 2. 1. existing in ancient Egypt. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Source: www.wikipedia. 2. Stories are of ancient origin. 2. What did Rosaura's father say about the red ﬂowers ﬁlled the ﬁeld? 9.6. Most of the humanities involve stories. and Indian culture. Negative 1. What do Indians say about the story? 10. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. ancient Greek. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In afﬁrmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use inﬁnitive. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. 1. Her father did not look away in disappointment. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the ﬂower were her ribbon? 7. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8.
The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. Some of the students. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. students (talk. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. She cries in front of me. It sounded like the (converse) United Nations. 2. a car accident last night. 5. just) 2 It was my ﬁrst day of class. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual . 6. I (ﬁnd. almost) down Washington Avenue when (drive) a car in my lane.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. quietly by themselves. In a few minutes. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. (sit. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. 7. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. ﬁnally) the right room. Use simple past tense form. I (choose) just) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. 9. 10. Rosaura runs away from her house. conversation (stop) I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . They do not know each other. 8. It (come) suddenly I (see) right at my car. car (miss. to each other in Spanish. 1. I I (have. I (step) on the to the right. On one side of the room. The other brakes and (swerve) my car by about an inch. however. Other busily) Japanese. already) full of students. 3 4. and some students (speak) in Arabic. The room (be.
Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. a young man watched the practice. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. He was Ekalaya. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya.joglosemar. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. Innocently. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. The result was astonishing. Ekalaya ﬁnally encountered Arjuna. From far away. Durna's favourite student. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. 2. who was hunting in the forest. Arjuna was surprised to ﬁnd that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. 1. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. When he met Ekalaya. 3. Have you ever written a story? Is it difﬁcult or not? What makes you feel difﬁcult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. 4. Adapted from www. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student.co. write narrative texts. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. With this statue as his imaginative teacher.Writing In this section. Angry and disappoin ted.
A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. Look at the following example. It will guide you in writing a story. In English. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . • There was a young man who watched the practice. The ideas above are developed into the ﬁrst paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom.
Activity 4 Study the following stories. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. He tried to ﬁt the bowl onto his head. The sword broke instantly. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. destroying it. He was not the best blacksmith. And he poured water into the hat. breaking the bowl in the process. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. Worried that he would be cheated. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. Then. One day. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows." The blacksmith was very furious. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. You can use Story B as an example. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. In the end. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the wife instructed him to test the bowl by ﬁlling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store.
Then. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. Here are some ideas to inspire you. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. A Greedy Child 2. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. develop them into a short story. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. especially hunters. • He was very angry with human beings. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. 1. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage.
• You have my sincere condolences. 8. 3. . 4. Now. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. respond to narrative texts. What will you say when you are happy? 2.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. for better or for worse. sympathy. answer the questions: 1. write a recount text. Generic Structure . Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. • It's really a great pleasure. 7. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends.Complication : a crisis arises. . 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. respond to expressions for showing happiness. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. you are expected to be able to: 1. and affection. identify the structure of a narrative text. If you find some difficulties. 2. express happiness. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Language Functions a. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. b.Chapter Summary 1. sympathy and affection. Identify the structure of the text. 6. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. 2.
accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .
7. accepting and declining an invitation.Listening In this section. 3. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. Source: CD Images 1. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Then. Where or when would you ﬁnd this situation? 2. 4. 5. 8. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. 1. answer the questions. 6. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. respond to oral instructions. What does Doni say to Susi? 3.
2 ? 3 Rita : . He had a friend. I'd love to. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. 7. 4. Then ﬁnd any possible responses to each expression. 6. Clever phrasing. 8.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. 5. 2. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. Rita : Wow. Would You Like to Come? 53 . I'm very sorry. Then. I'd like to. who always sees him for general check up. decide. great. Now. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. it won't surprise you. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. and watching drama. 1. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. Dialogue 2 Dr. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. 10. write. Thank you very much. Arief and Rita have a chat. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. his friend calls him. 9. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. On the way home. 3. Dialogue 1 Englishclub.com The tone of an invitation is always positive.00 in the morning. One day. but I've got an exam tomorrow. but you should express the details clearly.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. novels. I don't think I can come to your party. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. For further tips visit to invite someone www. Mr Andre Posuma. I'll decide to come or not.express. please. They enjoy reading stories. I have nothing to do. I'll be at your house at 8. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. but I can't come. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me.
3. Rudi : . : 5 : Bye. actually. : See you. : Hi Andre. . : What's wrong? : Hmm. . Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. 2. I will attend a meeting. We can meet next time. It has been two months since my last visit to you. 1. Andrea. : OK. Kambing guling is my favourite food. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. This is Andre. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. Fauzi. 4 . : Alright.m. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. . I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. 6 . : . Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . 7 : Well . It's me. : . Fauzi. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Thus is about our appointment. Work in pairs. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Bye. Ten minutes later. See you.Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Then.
Finally. I think . 8 I'm late. There is someone approaching her. A girl : Excuse me. cut cheese into slices. Lina continues her reading. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. By the way. place the slices on one piece of the bread. She interrupts them. Then. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. 6 . After a long silence. Spread butter on each piece. the girl offers something. 1. 2. Compare your answers to your friends'. Nice to meet you too. Santi : Hi. Fany.. take two pieces of bread. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you.) It's very delicious. Fany : That's OK. Lina : No. (Lina takes the sandwich. 4. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. . 5. Lina : It's very simple. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and ﬁll in the blank spaces. 3 . my name is Lina. 3.. Lina is reading a book in the city park. Would You Like to Come? 55 . 1 . put the other piece 7 . The girl : I brought some sandwiches. The girl : I'm Fanny.
5. 1996 Instructions: 1. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials.. you can now blow .. First.. fold over each point .. cut inwards . Finally.Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something... draw two lines .. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. 3. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Match the following titles with the correct steps. Then. 4.. push the drawing pin . 2.... After that.. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do... Next..
Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 4. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. After listening. 1. 5. 3. Things You Do 1.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. 1. 3. a ruler. 2. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. 5. Then. you will make a whale. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. answer the questions. By seeing the pictures below. 2. list the stages involved in making the coffee. and scissors. a pencil. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 4. 2.
Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. 3. 1. 2. 4. 1.Speaking In this section. accepting and declining an invitation. we're having a party on Friday. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. perform a monologue of procedure texts. 4. Just wait for me. Hey. 3. 2. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. I'll be free at that time. Let's go jogging sometime. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. It's my birthday on Friday. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 5. What about tomorrow tonight.
There will be a great ﬁlm tonight.. Read and practise another dialogue. decline an invitation b. Rin. ask for permission e. Sandra. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. It's about Nasreddin.. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. I'd love to. accept an invitation c. Ira : Hi. I can't. Be ready. that's great. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Ira! This is Ari. how've you been? Ari : Alright. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) Activity 4 59 . Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. invite someone to go d.. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot X : Hi.30. I have many matters to settle down. But you have to come to the clinic. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. I'd love to. Robi : Hi. The italicised sentence is used to . Ari : Well. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. Sandra : OK. a. Then act them out with your friends. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. Ari : Well. Say. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. thanks.
Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you.... I don't think I can... Bye. Bye.. That would be very nice.. I'd very much like you to . I'd like to...... • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to ... I'm afraid I've already promised .... but .. I can't ..m... Thank you very much for inviting me.. We should be pleased/delighted if you could . Unfortunately. Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to . declining an invitation and an appointment. I can't. • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will . Come and ...m.. You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p. Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry.. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. I wish I could.. Receptionist : You're welcome.. I'd love to.... We'd very much like to ... All right (then).. You will .? Dr.. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting... Thank you for asking me. Shall we come to . accepting. but . Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry.. OK! I'd like to love to come... With the greatest pleasure. Like to come to ..Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p. Would you care to .. Receptionist : Alright.. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto. but . Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there... Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme. but ... L-I-T-A.. You must come to . Mrs Lina Sugiarto. I don't think I can. What a delightful idea..... 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ..
You invite a new student to join the party. o'clock. Thank you very much Wendy. Then act it out in front of the class. I'll help you. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : ? Hi. Bye. ? Sure. She/he promises that she/he will come. . 4. I don't have any plans at this moment. as he doesn't know anybody. Oh. Well. See you then. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. You accept. I'm so sorry I can't make it. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. this weekend is my special day. Wendy. He/She accepts. You are at school.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. The senior teacher. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. 5. Persuade him to come. I don't think I can make it. 1. good. You're welcome.. The headmaster. for a little party at my house this weekend. 3. Invite this people to your party.. He declines because he is busy. He accepts it. OK. See you. 6. You refuse. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . Would You Like to Come? 61 . He doesn't want to accept. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. I'll be there. You'll have a graduation party this evening. 2. I'll promise I'll be there. By the way. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation.
1. 4. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. 3.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2.
Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. onions and green peppers into quarters. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. Yudi : All right. Fry with vegetables for ﬁve minutes. Yudi : Good. Cut up the tomatoes. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Emily : Sally : Then. salt and a pan with a lid. Sprinkle it with salt. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Cut the chicken into small pieces. a cup of rice. Emily : Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. Use the following model. what do you do? . Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. pepper and spices. Then. . Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Sally : How do you . How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Emily : Sally : And what do you do after that? . make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples.
Cook gently for one hour. ½ teaspoon of salt. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. wash the rice in cold water. put the lid on and cook it for about ﬁfteen minutes. Next. 3. salt and pepper. (Continue with your own words. 2. Add a little of salt and pepper. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. Well. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. 7. Cook gently for three minutes. ﬁrst of all. Then. Tell the class about it.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. ¼ teaspoon of butter. Heat until the water boils. Add water. 2. 1 small onion. 5. fry them in a pan for ﬁve minutes. onions. 8 cups of water. and garlic into small pieces. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. turn down the heat. 4. When it has boiled. 3. Add rice and cook on low heat for ﬁfteen minutes. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. Fry them in a pan with butter for ﬁve minutes. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Mix together egg and lemon juice. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. Be careful with the knife. and garlic into small pieces. Then. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. spices. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. onions. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. 4. 6. small clove garlic. 5. spices.Ismail : First. cut tomatoes. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup.
4. 4. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 1. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. 3. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they ﬁnd a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual Ask a friend Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 26 28 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. 2. identify the structure of a procedure text.Reading In this section. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2. 3.
4. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. In a how–to–text. 2. namely goal. What do we do ﬁrst to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. How to operate a fan 1. To change the speed of the fan.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. 4. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 1. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. push the pin on top of the motor. To move the fan up or down. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kafﬁr lime leaves 1 tablespoon ﬂour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . then press the tilt adjustment knob. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. 3. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. press one of the switches at the bottom. materials needed and methods or steps. 2. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.
The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. 10. 4. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium ﬂame. Stir in the ﬂour. 3. 6. 8. unitecnology. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. 7. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and ﬂatten a little with a fork.english. drop the fritters into the oil. 1. followed by the egg. May 2. 5. 11. 3. 6. Fry until golden brown on both sides. When the oil is hot. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. 2. 15. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. 4.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. 14.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. ﬁve or six at a time. These texts are usually written in the present tense. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. 12. Source: www. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . 13. Pay attention to your pronunciation. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 5. fried shallots and lime leaves. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and ﬁnd their meaning. 2.
The word well-known in the ﬁrst line means …. Visit art supply stores. c. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. In an auction. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. especially when you were on a trip. Adapted www. costume makeovers. Use the Internet. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . great b. a unique furniture d. Before give an unusual gifts. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. it is suggested that we give … ﬁrst a.howabout. Give a welcome service. a day at the spa. Track down items such as rare prints. So. special d. b. 3. d. In the craft shop. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. Anywhere. craft shops. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. Follow links until you ﬁnd what you want. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. a photo frame c. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. a rare print b. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. 2. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. a.com 1. weird c. Moreover. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. In the internet. A massage. Look for gifts wherever you ﬁnd yourself.
"Make sure the car is in neutral. 3. how to use the video. Do be quiet. (command) "Help me. "Stand up. the fax. rare b. the computer. a. For further Information visit www." the teacher told the pupils. but could also express irritation. 1.g.g. e. recipes. b. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. science experiments. "Don't hurry." 2. the photocopier. "Press the stop button. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. unique d. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. You press the stop button.4. a. e." said mother. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. Do come on time. make us unusual b." asked the mother.g. the tape recorder. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request." said the teacher. how to succeed.g. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. get the recipient attention d. a. e." said David.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. "Don't be noisy. complete our collections c. You make sure the car is in neutral.english. rules for games. b. sweet c. It functions as prohibition. The word "do" could be persuasive. road safety rules. 5.g. a. celebrate special moments Englishclub. Would You Like to Come? 69 . The word in the text that means not too many is …. Dian told Andi.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. important Giving gifts may be important to …. a. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs." said father. unitecnology. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. b.
3. 9. He cannot concentrate his mind well. 5. 2. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. magazine or in the internet. Report it to the class. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. 7. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 8. 4. He always late although his wife often warns him. 5. 10. What will your father say? It is 6 a. 4. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. 6. 1. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 3. Your uncle is writing a novel. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. The volume of the television is too loud. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 1.m. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
2. 3. 1. • • • • • • • • next butter roast ﬁrst pour ﬁnally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese ﬂour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors ﬁrst Would You Like to Come? 71 . arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text.Writing In this section. write procedure texts. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. 4. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table.
if you like. • First. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Stir the mixture and add salt. you will need some rice. • To make fried rice. • Now. • Finally. add it to the meat and the vegetables. vegetables. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. pepper and other spices. The pictures will help you to arrange it. cook the rice in another pan. Do it in pairs. meat and eggs. tomatoes and cucumber. • The best vegetables to use are onions. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. garlic. • Then. • At the same time. you can break in two or three eggs. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them.
remove the black vein. First. a. You must also twist off the ﬂippers at end of tail section. ﬁrst you have to plug in the cord. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. It contains nine mistakes. From the tail meat. Find the errors and correct them. Then you can begin to record it. Work individually. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. It is not difﬁcult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. Finally.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. use your ﬁngers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. b. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. Rewrite it using your own words. e. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. Next. After that. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. After these twisted off. d. Well. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. c. And then tested the voice level recorder.
Materials (not required for all procedural texts) .Goal. respond to invitation. respond to expressions for an appointment. make and cancel an appointment. Generic structure .. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 4. Now. write an instruction or procedural text. • I'll be there. 8.. 7. • I'm sorry I can't make it. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. answer the questions: 1. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets .. respond to oral instructions. Declining an appointment • Sorry. perform a monologue of procedural texts. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. invite someone. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3.. • Will you come with . you are expected to be able to: 1. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties.Chapter Summary 1.. identify the structure of procedural texts. I don't think I can make it. Write a recipe of your favourite food. . Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter.. • Join me.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. Write the method or steps clearly. 6. 3. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise.
2. Where was the landowner from? a.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. The landowner's youngest son. A. Here it is. 8. gratitude c. It is here. Nice to meet you. b. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. c. d. b. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. c. b. c. b. c. b. Seoul. Where did the girl ﬁnd the money? a. The manager. The man losing his money. Good morning. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. d. d. d. d. The landowner. d. 10. a. b. Here is it. Five tins. £150. Sorry I can't. 12. The manager could help the man who lost his money. Two tins. Tokyo. c. b. Good af ternoon. The farmer's oldest son. b. Here they are. Hotel manager's ofﬁce. d. b. a. Five steps. d. What could the manager do? a. c. £50. 4. How nice to see you. c. Inside the manager's room. c. offering b. You are going to hear several short dialogues. b. The manager could call the police. c. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Who was shouting? a. I'd love to. Two steps. a. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. Three tins. Four tins. 1. Then. Four steps. 75 . 11. The manager could do nothing. Good night. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. d. Inside the gentleman's room. d. 9. I won't say no. 14. 7. The girl. thank you. a. The hotel owner. £5. b. b. Outside the gentleman's room. £15. a. Beijing. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. choose the best answer. c. Countryside. d. 6. Three steps. c. The farmer's youngest son. d. Thanks anyway. Good evening. Bank manager's ofﬁce. I'm ﬁne. Restaurant manager's ofﬁce. 5. b. invitation d. c. Hotel lobby. 3. c. Inside the waitress' room. How do you do. Where does the story take place? a. 13.
The ﬂame is now turned down a little. we take six eggs. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. and add a good teaspoonful of water. not of aluminium. not the whisk. The fryingpan must be made of iron. b. not too hot. His stomach couldn't take any more food. when hot. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. with salt and tissue–paper. letting the liquid ﬂow into the empty spaces. Harshly. Politely. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. our fryingpan is getting hot. d. Angrily. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. we fold it. tin or enamel. break them into a bowl. until large bubbles form on the top. once or twice. over a quick ﬂame for a minute or two. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. B. d. keeping as calm as we possibly can. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. in other words. in the middle. to the size of the omelette. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. Rudely. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. Meanwhile. He wanted the table to be cleaned. All this is a swift business. For three portions. He was not hungry.15. it is fatal to beat too long. d. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. This takes half a minute. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. c." a. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. This takes about two minutes. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. or butter and best lard. taking care always to move towards the middle. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. Then. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. c. b. 16. b. 17. c.
21. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. It should be the same size as the omelette. This last touch makes all the difference. The size of an omelette. Rubbing with hot water. I'll introduce b. c. Good morning. a. One made of aluminium and enamel. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. b. d. How do you do? d. One made of aluminium.of the omelette along one side. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. d. Eka : Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. When the butter is a different shade. It should never be a small one. It doesn't matter. 24. b. We may well feel a few extra heart– . An omelette made in France. d. 25. c. You are introduced c. 27.recipetips. Let me introduce myself. One made of iron. we feel relaxed d. No. The states of an omelette. 26. How are you? c. we feel impatient c. we feel tired b. here they are c. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. Taken from www. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. A soon as the flame is light golden. d. d. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. c. The shape of an omelette. 22. Then. Rubbing with salt and paper. here is it d. d. b.com 18. 23. b. c. Review 1 77 . It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. here it is b. 19. It's very interesting. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. b. One made of tin 20. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. c. a. Ferry : I am Ferry. Yes. b. . Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. as the classical French term says. Washing with salt and paper. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. c. b. here are they to my friend. Won't you introduce d. beats because a. It should never be a very ﬂat one. When the ﬂame gives no more froth. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. When the frying-pan is getting hot. What is important about the frying– pan? a. It is better than beating it for too short a time. Dedy.
but some other time. 30. him b. Student : . I think . a. she (read) the books all day along. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. I did not (shave) this morning because I was in a hurry. maybe. You are entirely welcome. give d. Thanks. (put) the books in their previous place. Sorry. their d. Complete the following sentences using a. c. themselves b. I went to the cinema c. gave c. 29. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . b. c. 35. d. how awful! I'm so sorry. I'll fetch you at 8 p. or the. such 38 Use substitution form to ﬁll in the blank spaces. Hanny. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. 39. Do come on time. Randy : Oh. Evi : Alright. Yes. 40. b. given b. I was going to the cinema her a bunch of roses this 31. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. I'd be unhappy to accept it. Do you come on time? d. Too bad it didn't work. The underlined sentence expresses a. a. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. Yesterday. Who are ? a. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. I have gone to the cinema d. giving 32. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. C. that would be very nice. 41. window of Look out of 36 37 house you are in now you see beautiful view. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. an. Thanks a lot. he 33. Teacher : Thanks for your help. I . happiness. a. b. 45. gratitude. 43.28. they 34. Sure.m. himself c. them c. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. d. That's very kind of you. I morning. Why? a. but I'm very busy. You did come on time. d. 44. compliment. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. Dudi does his homework by a. Did come on time. c. I go to the cinema b. Don't worry about it. 42. hisself d. it didn't work out. b. c. sympathy. a.
Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub lisher' s Doc umen tation Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .
great charming fantastic congratulate terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. 3. 8. 5. 6. 3. 7. 2. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . No. respond to narrative texts. 4. 7. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 4. 1. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 5.Listening In this section. Repeat after him/her. 8. 6. 2. 1.
1. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. b. I've got it. 2 today! I love your new hair style. Desi. Desi : Hi. Andi : Thanks God. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Thank you very much a. I can't believe it! That's terriﬁc. b. Andi. Congratulations. By the way. a. It is nice to hear you. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. Andi. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . b. Congratulations on your success.. too. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. Andi. he meets Desi. Andi : 3 Desi : Thanks. a. Never mind.. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. 4. You look great. for the ﬁnal test. 3. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. b..Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. b. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. a. The best response is . You know what? I have passed right now. his friend. a. I got the highest score for the test. thanks. . Congratulations! That's amazing. 4 5 ! How's the score? Desi : That's great. b. 2. That's awful! Thanks anyway. For example: You will hear : a. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. 5. 1 ? Andi : I am ﬁne. On the way home.
" 2. a. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. discuss the following questions with your friends'." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. Eta : Thank you. no. It's so difﬁcult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. Is it really you? . Andi : Yeah. Joko : It's a 4 Andi : Oh. I don't like it e.. .." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. Mention where they are from. Desi. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. Now. 1. For example: 1. Andi. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him what the newspaper's headline Riska : 1 said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The next day. b. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. You will hear "Well done. 2 ! We're happy for you. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. You look beautiful on it. Riska : 3 Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Then. that's amazing. You will hear "You're terriﬁc/fantastic. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. I know you are very smart.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisﬁed with it. You are so : kind. 2. Ina : I think so. 6 7 your compliment. Sorry to hear that d.. : Never mind Andi. . I guess it's just my luck. It's my pleasure. It goes with my shoes. I dont' think so c. ! Andi.
The Witch was very happy. "Broom. That she got an idea. and in ten minutes all job was done. Then she 5 shop and bought a can of paint. 2. I have the to repaint it. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. My house is 2 than yours. 5." The Witch was very angry . one of the to visit. 3. 7. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales.Activity 8 Now. and she lunch she 6 worked very carefully. when she heard this and 3 "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. and the walls are bigger. After to paint. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. In the afternoon the lower part of her she 7 house. 6. 1. One morning. It worked very fast. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. When she wanted to start the that she upper part she 8 couldn't reach it. the Witch her house and she said to herself. Witch's friends 1 When she looked around the room. "my friend was right. she said "Your house is ugly. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a to paint paint brush and 10 the upper walls. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom ﬁnish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. 4. 8.
All of the above. A Roman Soldier. fables. 4. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. 5. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . science ﬁction. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. c. d. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. Really happy d. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. slice of life. A horse. None of the above. c. What was the purpose of the text? a. mysteries. They made the Romans drink b. unitechnology. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. A Greek Soldier. ballads. b. d. myths and legends. c. Source: www. d.english.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. e. A Greek King. historical narratives. 1. Defenseless e. With help from a wooden horse. They destroyed the city gate e. They may include fairy stories. To show how cunning the Greeks were. No Information. They can be imaginary. romances. 2. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. horror stories.ac 3. adventure stories. b. With the help of alcohol. b. Drunk c. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. factual or a combination of both. e. Really sad b. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. They scared the Romans c. personal experience. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. e. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a.
Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. Activity 2 Expressions 1. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. b. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. 2. What are they doing? 3. Congratulations! Well. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. 5. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . 6. You compliment someone on their appearance. Your friend has just passed an important exam. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. d. c. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others.Speaking In this section. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. What do you see in the picture? 2. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Situations a. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. 3. g. Your brother have got an award. f. 4.
thanks. Let's go celebrate it. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. Ussy. Oh. Great job! Thanks. it's not necessary. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. I like your hair style! You're terriﬁc/fantastic. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. Good idea. it is. Harsya. My compliments on your beautiful. I just finished modifying it. you are quite charming. I f I may so. 1. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. I really must express my admiration for your party. It looks a lot different. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. You are looking good. No. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it's a must. What did you do to it? Not much. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. Pandu. Thank you.
May I congratulate you on …. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. 1. 1. 3. Your relative is going abroad for studying. 3. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. 2. I'd like to be the ﬁrst to congratulate you on …. 5 : : I just won ﬁrst prize from a quiz. 4. It was great to hear …. Congratulations on your …. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. Your brother has done excellent job. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . I must congratulate you. Discuss with your partner.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. I won the race. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. 4. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. I've found a new job. 2. Well done! Fantastic/terriﬁc! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above.
1. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. For example: Donny has passed his exams with ﬂying colour and get the best ranking at his school. 2. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. Use the expressions of congratulating. Boby : Hi. playing chess 5. Use the expressions of complimenting. Your friend is good at: 1. Dad. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. story telling 4. 1. 2. Dony : Thank you. Mom. Dony's father : Well done. Don. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. I'm very proud of you. playing the piano 2. Don. Your friend is elected as one of the ﬁnalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Activity 8 With your partner. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. playing tennis 3. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. Your partner got a scholarship. 3.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. 4.
in my honour. is king of beasts. the lion. All the animals of the jungle joined in." "Oh sure. Taken from Readings to Remember." said the tiger. one of whom. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away.Activity 9 Work in group. screaming in horror. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 ." she said. "What king?" he inquired." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. "We need a change. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of ﬁghting. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow." said the zebra. but it didn't seem to mean anything. "What are we ﬁghting for?" someone asked the aardvark." said the tigress as she went to look after her young. and some did not knot know which they were ﬁghting for. "The king is here to see you. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. except that of her cubs. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. He was monarch of all he surveyed. and some fought for both. fevered and gibbous. "Come out. "The king of beasts. the lioness woke her mate. "Leo. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. sleepily. long live the king!" Inside the den. "The new order." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion." she said. "The old order. a male." said the tiger. When the moon rose. "The creatures are crying for a change." said the aardvark. It was a terrible ﬁght and it lasted until the setting of the sun." she said. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den." he roared. very like his father. "I am the king of beasts." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender.
Then act it out in front of the class. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "No . Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. "Okay. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. The Cleverest Student Evi." said Evi happily. doesn't go to school anymore." continued Budi. the tiger or the lion? 9. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. it is not a good solution. . Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. Were there any beasts survive the ﬁght? 10. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi." told Evi.1. not to me. "Excuse me. "Oh." "Thank you very much. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. . Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. came to see her at home. "I am sorry. Change the following text into dialogue. I think it is not a serious problem. Budi. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. At school they meet the headmaster in his ofﬁce. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the ﬁght? 7. you may not stop studying here. What do you think if I stop studying. "You are a very smart student. 2. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. "I am sorry to hear that. Who won the ﬁght." said Budi. "Our teachers asked me where you were." asked Evi. who is the cleverest student in the class. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. That's kind of you. her classmate. Where did the story take place? 3. If so. Sir. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his ofﬁce." told Evi. Taken from English for SMA 2. Are you with me?" asked Budi. Did the tiger and the lion ﬁght for the crown? 6.
8. 7. 5. 1. 2. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. identify the structure of narrative texts. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 3. 6. 5. 1. 4. 3. reading and understanding narrative texts. 2. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 .Reading In this section. read and study the following words and ﬁnd their meanings. Activity 2 Before reading the story. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 4.
That night. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. and it attacked people. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. When he came back. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. It lived in a cave with treasure. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. How long did Beowulf become king? 9.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. Beowulf went to the lake. The dragon was very big and breathed ﬁre. One day. But one day. a dragon came to his country. In the morning. He lived in Denmark. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. The knights were afraid and they did not want to ﬁght the dragon. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. What did Grendel's mother do when she ﬁnd out about her son's death? 7. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. He was king for ﬁfty years. He was half-man and half-monster. he went to the King's castle. 1. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight.
geometricians. Any two points. "and share my lunch with me." said the crow quickly." said the fox. b. I wear black and I am unique. I am sure. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted." he said. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. and began to tell about himself. and somewhere. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. I am the map maker." he concluded arrogantly. his appetite appeased. every two points. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. "but you must be nearsighted as well. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. c. but I am hungry and must go. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. and scholar. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. "I am sure you are.11. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. and they are a dollar a hundred. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak. "Bars may come and bars may go. Last. 12. as the most famed and talented of all birds. Taken from www. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. but sly." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. my ﬂight is known to scientists and engineers. and somewhere else. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. "Oh. I am the pioneer of ﬂight." said the crow." said the fox." "Tarry awhile. now that I look more closely." And with this he trotted away into the woods." The fox had read somewhere. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure." said the fox. but never least. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. as the shortest distance between two points. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. but crow bars last forever. The Fox and the Crow A crow.aesopfables. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. "I recognize you.
You can do mini research in the library. There are two main characters in the story. Then. The fox is really arrogant.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. 5. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. 1. 2. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. Ask your parents or grand parents. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. He is the map maker. 3. retell it in front at the class. 6. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The crow's appetite appeased. 8. 8. 3. The story probably took place in the jungle. 7. 4. 4. 6. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. 5. 7. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. 1. 2.
org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be ofﬁcially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-ﬁrst" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again.m. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the ﬁnalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.canauthorsniagara. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. September 29 from 2 to 5 p.
are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. The form of passive is: be + past participle.. oils. 2. 3. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. they belive b. A ﬁre melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. In passive voice. 1. to belive c. The sentences above use passive voice. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. 1. The play was written by Shakespeare. etc. The ﬁreﬁghters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. 4.. sleep. a. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. 5. 5. 4. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. 2. to be descendant from dinosaurs. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. to belived e. 3. UN Shot Komodo . come. My brother buys me this new computer game. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. The cameraman takes the President's several times. belived d.
com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 ." said the wolf. It's a good deal for both of us. I think I will surely die. well-fed. "If I come to live with you. but I'm healthy. I hardly think about it anymore." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin." After saying this." answered the dog. he asked the dog about it. as they were walking. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. He was very thin.aesopfables. "The dog called after the wolf. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. I will arrange it. In that way. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. As he lay beneath a large tree. saying. With hardly enough energy to walk." Taken from www. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. I'm more free than you are. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. a dog out for a walk noticed him." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. "Oh." said the dog. don't worry about that. You'll get used to it soon enough." "You're right. He was curious about this. You could do the same. Finally." "But. the wolf turned and ran away.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. the dog felt sorry for him and said. and I have a warm place to sleep." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of ﬁnding food." the wolf said. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. But. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. "But. the wolf had little hope of ﬁnding food. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. if I am chained up. I won't be free anymore.
com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2.aesopfables. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. 1. 3. writing narrative texts.Writing In this section. Activity 1 Answer these questions. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. 4. Have you ever written a story? What do you do ﬁrst when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.
So has sat down under the tree to sleep. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . He was very angry and threw a stone at them. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture. visit www.infoplease. 1 2 Englishclub. they are not in the correct order.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. d.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described.com 3 4 5 6 a. In the final paragraph. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. then read the sentence given below. c. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. For further steps in writing narrative. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point.
for when the gold was there. f. g. as you did not make the slightest use of it. said.co." Taken from www. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. leading the Lamb a little apart. Appearances are deceptive. j. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been ﬂayed and thrown aside. on his next visit. Activity 4 Study these stories and ﬁll in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story.short-stories. A neighbor.e. and digging down. So. "Pray do not grieve so. h. he felt very tired. came to the lump of gold. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. One day. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. and place it in the hole. he soon made a meal off her . but go and take a stone. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. Taken from www.short-stories. It will do you quite the same service. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. The Miser. and enjoying hearty meals.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . k. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. i. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure.co. while he was going from one village to another. and stole it. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. you had it not.
Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 .Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conﬂict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. 2. 3. make your own narrative story. Choose from the following categories. 1.
performing a monologue of narrative texts. write narrative texts. Language Functions a. 2. 3. Now. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. Write and tell your favourite folklore. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. 4. • You look terriﬁc. 5. congratulate and compliment others. 6.Chapter Summary 1. identify factual meaning in the texts. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants.. a stepping back to evaluate the plight... I must say that you are . optional. for better or for worse. identify the structure of narrative texts. Pay attention to the structure of the text. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. a crisis arises.. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Complimenting • You look great. b. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you are expected to be able to: 1. the crisis is resolved.. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. : to amuse. answer the questions: 1. 7. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.. 2.
Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub lishers 's Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .
By the way. respond to descriptive texts. 6 . 3. And you? Hi. Can I see today's Yes. I'm just ﬁne. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. sports magazine. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? . Here it is and 4 It's all right.Listening In this section. . I'll tell him. 5 newspaper? Of course. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Henry. 3 . Great. please. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. sure. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. How are you this morning? . 2. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? 2. Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. 1. 1 2 . I'm returning your brother's . Yuni. Fine. respond to invitation. 8 Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. Here it is. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Please come in and have a seat.
4. a. 2. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. b. Thank you so much. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. a. b. a. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. No. b. 4. b. 1. 2. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. a. 5. 3. I can't. What picture is it? Where do you usually ﬁnd that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . a. You will hear some expressions. I'm sorry. I'd love to. 3.4. 5. You're great. b. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. 2002 1. Choose the best response for the expressions. Yes. I won't. 5. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. I'm very grateful to you.
The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand.central-java-tourism. 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Adapted from www. 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. Besides its thousand doors. in the region of It is a famous 6 Semarang and a pride for Java.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 5 1 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. It is named 2 which means 3 .
Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. OK? All right. 1. 4. After visiting the museum. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . on the way home. I'll be there. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. 5. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 6. 3. 2. perform a monologue of descriptive text. 1. 2. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. I won't say no. Be ready at 7. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. Will you pick me up? Sure.Speaking In this section. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together.
. Wow... I’d love to. What is it like? It's very beautiful.. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Thank you.. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class. Let me express my gratitude . I won’t say no . Yes... Activity 4 Study the following dialogue.. my parents are taking me there again this vacation.. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come.. I’d like to very much. The temple is extravagant.? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to . Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for .What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to . Would you like to ... Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before. I wish I can see it for myself. Thanks.. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too... Great.? Do you want to come with ... I'm sure my parents won't mind. Then.? Will you join ... Actually..
Use them to express your gratitude for the following.Activity 5 Work in pairs. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. 6. 3. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 3. Tini has lent you a magazine. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. Tini has lent you a magazine. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. writing hand c. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. Create dialogues based on the following situations. hand-written d. 2. 4. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 8. 2. 1. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . that is hand-written e. 1.. 2. a. 4. 3. 10. 5. 3. 1. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 4. 7. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Give suitable responses. 2. 9.. written by hand b.
We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. Africa. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. he made a simple raft and sailed there. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. To prove this. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. a German. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. there are 600 large statues. 3. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Paciﬁc. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. On top of a hill. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. no windows. On the island. all the way from Peru. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and no doors. We don't really know why they are there.000 years ago. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. believed that they were built by people from South America. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. Thor Heyerdahl.2 metres thick. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation.
2000 One thousand years ago. Easter Island 1. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. doors and roofs. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. 3. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. They used stone for the walls and wood for the ﬂoors. How did they move the trees? We don't know. 2.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away.
000 feet (305 metres) wide. 5. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock.5 mile (0. and the U. and the American Falls are in the United States. 2. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. It is on the Niagara River. They are not as high as the American Falls. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. 3. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Canada is on one side of the river. At Niagara Falls. Ontario. state of New York is on the other side. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. There.S. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. The American Falls are about 1. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. At night. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. but they are 2.8 kilometre). 1. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. at the falls. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls.
11. before asking. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. in the Middle Ages. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. for ages. • For the sake of God. after lunch time. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. The island's ofﬁcial Spanish name. put off. Off is used with verbs: get off. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. during the night. after reading. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. Soka no. Isla de Pascua. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. 9. glance of eye.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. in 2005. of making. 1. 2. while searching for Davis or David's island. on the wall. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. before him. 7. for the sake of. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. in the United States. after me. Example: • I stand in front of the class. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. is Spanish for "Easter Island". at the corner of. 4. 3. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's ﬁrst recorded European visitor. in the park. 5. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. for a week. in Canada. at midnight. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. at Jln. before June. on Monday. at lunch. on June 18. After/before is used with period of times. after summer. while she was at the bank. take off. 8. 6.
Giza is located near the Nile River. T/F 1. the Great Sphinx. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . There are 10 pyramids 5 the largest and best preserved 6 three all Egyptian pyramids. A huge statue 13 Khafre. Pyramids are built for king's servants. 4. Then. There is only one pyramid at Giza.C. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Giza. called Menkaure. The second was built built 11 King Khafre. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. 2. including Cairo. It stands 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. was probably built 14 15 his pyramid. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. decide whether the following statements are true or false. The largest was 10 King Khufu. 3. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. 5. and the third 12 King a sphinx.
Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. e. Meanings or Synonyms a. b. you will learn how to: • • • ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. 3. Can you ﬁnd a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you ﬁnd this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. 5. 2. Source: www. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. 6. learn these words.wikimedia. d. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1.upload.org 1. 3. read and understand descriptive texts. 4.Reading In this section. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . identify the structure of descriptive texts. 4. 2. 5. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. c.
East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice ﬁelds. does not doubt anything. l. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 10. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. 7. in Tabuhan. i. The visitors dance. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. The route is easy. k. People sell agates on the cave terraces. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. it is like a fair. 13.6. h. who often sings in the cave. coconutpalms and birds. g. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. Many tourists go to this cave. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. 11. 12. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. 9. j. m. Nyi Kamiyem. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. Wareng village. identiﬁcation description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . forgetting all problems. 8. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. Somehow.
Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. The people chased the spirits away. The cave is dark. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. Besides the cave. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. According to Kartowiryo (90). in the east corner. Watukarang. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. 3. is good to visit. Some people now use the place for meditation. There is a stream in the cave. No one dared go inside. 2.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. However. do you want different souvenirs? You can ﬁnd them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. January. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. which can only be seen outside. 4. The identiﬁcation part is the part where writers of descriptive text identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. and characteristics. went to the cave to ﬁnd out what was wrong. so people need lights. have a nice journey. village elder. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identiﬁcation and description. However. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. It was believed to be a sacred place. It normally uses simple present tense. The description part describes parts. 1. So. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. qualities. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you ﬁnd peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . it can be heard from inside. and a local guide will lead the way. By the way. Taken from Hello English Magazine. Description text focuses on speciﬁc participants. a beach nearby.
Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. You ﬁnd the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. 4. 9. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. 10. 3. 7. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. 9. Activity 5 In pairs. 2. 8. 7. 6. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. 6. The cave is used for meditation. 8. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. T/F 1. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo ﬁnd out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. 5.
Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. Most of the almost 2. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". "Aloha. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. and this is the pattern throughout the day. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. Midwest.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. has a population of 900. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea.000 aboard have their homes in the U.S. from colourful shirts. The simple response.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. At breakfast. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. Included in the price is full board. Kauai. consuming 9. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Paciﬁc feels immediately that he has one foot ﬁrmly anchored in the American Way of Life. sufﬁces as answer. ﬂag in some time. where the cruise starts. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. Big Island and Maui. Oahu. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Paciﬁc cruise route and is the ﬁrst cruise ship to ﬂy the U. Honolulu on Oahu.S. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. "Fine". a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on ﬁve vowels and just seven consonants.
2005 1. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. 3. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. 4. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. Information Paragraph 1. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. 2. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. Deﬁnition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. There is a reason for the crowds. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. 5. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can ﬁnd the following information. February 13.
Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. crowded with worshippers. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . Temple of the Jade Buddha. near Beijing. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. The main part of the wall is about 3. and it was erected entirely by hand. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall.460 kilometres long. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. the most famous temple in China. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. temples. constructed entirely of wood. Source: Microsoft Encarta. has two statues of Buddha. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. and huge stone walls and gates. without nails. Its length is about 6.400 kilometres. rises to about 11 metres high. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and ofﬁce buildings. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. on Mount Badaling. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. This section is about 7.
6. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. 3. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. 4. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. In your opinion. 1. which one is the most amazing. 8. 4. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. 3. 2. 7. 5. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. 5. Writing In this section. 2. write descriptive texts. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. Beijing is China's largest city. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood.T/F 1. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base.
Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. Australia. Taken from Hello Bali.ﬁles. Padang Bai.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. Candidasa. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. Lovina. diving. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south.masham3d. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. cruises. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. Canggu. snorkelling.wordpress. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. For snorkelling and diving. hurtle down frothing rapids. Medewi is also good for beginners. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Then answer the questions. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. For the more experienced. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world.228 metres) on the world's ﬂattest and smallest continent. September 2000 Source: www. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. swimming with dolphins. Further aﬁeld. which regularly attract the pros. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Tulamben and Amed in the east. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur.
Activity 4 Study the following text well. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. and even Mt. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. Taken from Kang Guru. 2. some interesting mountainous terrain. Mt. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's ﬁnest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Australia does have 1. the crags of Tasmania. 2000 the tower of london was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. Townshend. Actually. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. including areas of the Blue Mountains.
comma (. Discuss what they are about. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . Take Off. 1998. Compare it to your friend's. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. 2 Source: True Colors. Can you explain the function of period (. 2. Write down the conclusion of your discussion.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the ﬁrst paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. Study the following announcements.Activity 5 Answer these questions. 3. 1.).
dense beautiful annually very arge l attract 6. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. For this reason. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. At night. a famous church. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. one of the world's largest art museums. 2. is another favourite place to visit. The Louvre. millions of people visit Paris. 5. e. many palaces and statues are lit up. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. camping. Paris is often called the City of Light. 3. singing contest. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Choose one of them and then describe it. Every year. draws many visitors. 10. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1. 4. 7. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. 9. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. 8. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. etc. Then write your own sentences based on these words. study tour.Activity 7 With your friend. hiking.g. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
new7wonders. To ﬁnd out about them. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 .nationalgeographic.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.1 Englishclub. just visit www.com The Wall of China Source: www3. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.
respond to invitation 3.. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. respond to gratitude 2. read a descriptive text aloud. write a form of announcement. ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. 7. I really appreciate your .. Description : describes parts..Chapter Summary 1. b. you are expected to be able to: 1. 9. 2.. c. Accepting an invitation a. perform a monologue of descriptive. guess meaning in context. write accurately words phrases. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. express gratitude. sentences into paragraphs. 10. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Identiﬁcation : identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. characters. Thank you very much. I'd love to b. d. answer the questions: 1. I'm very grateful to you for. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. respond to report texts 4. d. 8. b. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . place or thing. 5.. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. qualities. Now. That sounds a nice idea. c. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. I'd be delighted to. Thanks a lot. 6. Generic Structure a.
Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w.com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .pho tobuck et.
4. I ﬁnd that very surprising. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. 4 . 4. 2. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. 1. Good heavens! No. 6.) Iwan : Yeah. It's very tragic. 2. Another disaster? (Then. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. 5. respond to news item texts. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Remember the earthquake in Father : our country last year. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Thousands of people were killed.Listening In this section. 3. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. I don't believe it. Compare your answer with your friends'. 1 in Ecuador. Many people became homeless. 3 . 2 . ! There was an earthquake Iwan : Dad. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. 3. What kind of expressions are they? 1. Iwan's Father : father reads the newspaper. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. 7. I can't imagine that.
. ? Bad news? Feny : Really? Why are you 3 Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. guys. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. He told me about our holiday. Indah : Andi : Keep calm guys.. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. Respond to each news that your friends tell you. no. It seems that he brings 2 us. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. 3. That's very disappointing.. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. Please. Activity 6 In groups of four. Aldi : Oh. pay attention to our for leader. 1 .OK my friends. Headline News 131 . answer these questions. be quiet. 5. What a shocking. 6 . please! I have something to tell Andi : you. I tell you the truth. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. 4. Aldi : Shh. 2. ? Feny : What! 4 . 1. We will have a holiday someday. Report your answers in front of the class. 5 Andi : I'm serious. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class.
For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in ﬂoods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. Your response: I think it's good news. then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 7 Listen to tape.
. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. would be on May 2. in time for National Education Day. to 7:30 p. Headline News 133 . Taken from The Jakarta Post. April 15.m. game consoles." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. he said. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality students to administration 1 allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening.m. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. no TV. "My ofﬁce is still drafting 2 on study time. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. going to 5 "The study time must be effective. During study time. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. Elementary and high school from 6 students will have 4 p. com on Monday. visiting shopping malls or will be allowed." Mochtar said. He failed to mention what on students punishments 6 who did not comply.
What will you say if you hear this news? 1. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. Yesterday. I heard that Rian was in jail. 2006 1. 4. Source: Earthquakes. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. 4. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. Romi was knocked down by a car. perform a dialogue of news item texts. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. Ask ﬁve questions about it. 3. on the TV news.Speaking In this section. Many people died and got serious injured. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. 2. 3. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks.
did he? Dina : No. Act them out with your friends. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. Let's go to the class. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Sandy : Oh. : Listen. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. Sandi : I don't understand. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. The window didn't break. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. e. Besides. Yesterday. did it? Dina : Yes. b. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. c. Hadi : really? . : Yeah. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. I got the news from his best friend. actually.. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. Dina Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. that's terrible. : That's too bad. Frans. ! I've been waiting for it so long. : Good heavens! Look at this. at the school canteen. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. Take it easy. he gave me a bar of chocolate.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. The bell is ringing.. : You're right. you're right. He's not the only guy in the world.000 feet in the air. It was in mid air. it did. I don't have time to think about love right now. Mrs. Ria. come on. Oh. a. d.
Express your sympathy. 1. 4.. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea.. that's very surprising. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. 3. Well. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. He wasn't. Express your amazement. Give respond to the news. Your friend's father has passed away. Tell your classmates about it.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that .. surprises me. I'm on strike now. I ﬁnd that very surprising. are you? 2. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. How very surprising/amazing. Respond to the news appropriately. Act them out with your friends. 1. 5. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mr Anwar was very ill. 2. I ﬁnd it astonishing/extraordinary. You aren't.
Source: Tempo. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. November 23-29. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. Pretend you are a news reader. an ofﬁcial said Saturday. March 8.com/ english Answer these questions orally. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you ﬁnd the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. 4. 2008 Headline News 137 . Pay attention to your intonation. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen.indonesiaheadline. 3. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. 2005. 2.Activity 5 Englishclub. 2004 1. cellular phones. December 29. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. Read the news in front of the class. as the protected species. just visit www. Time. 2003/January 5. The Jakarta Post. The robbers took their cameras. one of many at the reserve. 2004. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. is on the verge of extinction.
000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her ﬁrst claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. B : Really? I don't believe it. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Sarah McCaffrey was ﬁned 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. make a dialogue. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 .
Find out the main event of the news. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. expert opinions. 4. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read.) 3.. Use the following guidance. 2. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . people involved. Background consists of event elaboration. 1. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3...Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. 1. news /nju:z/ 2. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. Find out the information sources. or the authority." (Continue with your own words. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. They include witnesses. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. and the place where the event happened. Headline News 139 . Identify its background. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15.
Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. identify the structure of news item texts. 7. 2. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. Activities Name Kind of news Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Source: Publisher's Documentation Activity 2 v No 1. 4. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 6. Ask your classmates and ﬁll in the name of those doing the following activities. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. 1. 3.Reading In this section. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4.
Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than ﬁve people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com
The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The ﬁrst part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.
State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan. (T/F)
Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.
The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their
"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's inﬁdelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com
The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006
The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. ﬁght b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise
Read the following words taken from text and ﬁnd the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise
Taken from English Form. 3. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. Do it individually. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks." Taken from English Form. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were conﬁrmed last night. 2." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. Then. 4. However. 1.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. identify the structure of the text. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying.
Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the ﬁrst news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours conﬁrmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.
Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before
Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the ofﬁce.
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."
Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.
Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008
write news item text. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. Source: Microsoft Encarta. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. The … of the newspaper is usually short. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report.Writing In this section. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . simple and catchy. 2008 1. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. when and where. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. what. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2. 2.
Sometimes. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. Along the way. 6. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. Source: www. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite ﬁshing that can smash coral reefs. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend.info Headline News 149 . The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth.my-indonesia. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised.3. 5. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. 8. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported.
meet the people's demand he said. To prevent abuse. According to him. "because. he said. kerosene extra supply. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. there was a kerosene demand hike. At ﬁrst. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. he said. after the fasting month. he said.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. however. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. Additional supply. According to him.tempointeraktif. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deﬁcit.9 million kiloliter.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. Source: www. Do it individually. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume.
3. 6. Then ﬁnd a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. Source: www. etc) technology education. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. the ﬁre had spread to the 4th and 5th ﬂoors of the hotel. May.000 worth of damage to the hotel. 4. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the ﬁre started on the third ﬂoor. By the time the ﬁre department arrived. Mr Sugiarto said the ﬁre had caused over US$70. Source: Kompas. Fire in City Hotel There was a ﬁre at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. etc) contest (speech. January 23. etc Headline News 151 . 7. Rewrite them in your workbook. last night. said the ﬁre had started in a guest bedroom. 1.tempointeraktif. but all the other guests escaped safely. The hotel manager. 2.m. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. debate.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. You can choose one of the following topics. The guest was badly injured in the ﬁre. Then present it to the class. groups.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. 2008 Source: Tempo. 5. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class.
listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Sources : Comments. respond to surprise. you are expected to be able to: 1. 5. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function : to inform readers.Chapter Summary 1. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. 2. 3. 4. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. and amazement. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. in what curriculum stances. 6. answer the questions: 1. to whom.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. identify factual information in news item texts. and amazement. write news item texts. What should be included in a news item text? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. express surprise. perform a monologue of news item texts. Generic structure . Now. . respond to news item texts. 2.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. by participants. .
Fantastic. Of ourse. b. It keeps the body healthy. d. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. What does milk do to the body? a. It keeps the body strong and healthy. c. No. Not at all. c. b. An earthquake. a. 3. Well done. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh? a. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. yeah. b. d. c. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. b. thank you. A. b. d. c. Are you kidding? No. Rock. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. a. c. a. Tsunami. c Yeah. 10. You must be kidding. Of course. A tidal wave. You’re joking. d. Incessant rain. n Thank you. 9. thank you. It keeps the body strong. 1. 6. A mount eruption. b. b. c. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. d. The travelling cost was still the same. c. I’m sorry to hear that. 2. 8.Review 2 7. Thank you. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. d. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. b. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. Dirt. d. Oh. a. I don’t think I can make it. d. c. It keeps the body big. What a surprise! It's othing. a. c. d. 4. A landslide. Of ourse. c Thanks. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. Milk contains nothing. 5. The travelling cost doubled. d. c. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. 153 . There was no effect to the travelling cost. b.
11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.
12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.
B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's ﬁrst experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I ﬁnd any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork
from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com
13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. . Hydrophobia a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difﬁcult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.
17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.
Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior ofﬁcials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004
21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.
a. b. c.
Less than ﬁve houses. More than ﬁve houses. Five houses. .
d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?
d. at midnight
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Sukawi Sutarip. A resident of the District of Tembalang. English is considered Review 2 157 . The guest rooms. students. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. c. The question children. studies easier.24. The bedrooms. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. A to send their children to good schools joint effort between parents. birth. fortune whirlwind storm d. 28. c. In today's world. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. Parents need to look for a school Children learn what is important that will be a "second home" for their through their school year. c. Tohirin's neighbour. The guest and bedrooms. b. d. b. b. c. The mayor of Semarang. 25. Success activities that improve their children's will be based on how well the "team" skills and abilities. as well as to choose extracurricular and the schools is established. It is very for their children? When should the important that students have good process begin? reading comprehension. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. The synonym of the italicised word is . d. his wife and senior ofﬁcials. The mayor of Semarang. The kitchen. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. Achyani. c. a. The Tembalang District head. d. from the time of speaking skills. however. when children or more languages will ﬁnd further begin preschools and kindergarten. Dayat. The residents and neighbours. calamity 26. Sukawi Sutarip. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. the schools become students who develop skill in two part of the process. b. The residents. d. writing and The answer is. 27. Their goal is parallel their educational beliefs. A villager of Sendangguwo. then becomes what should parents These are some important factors consider in choosing the best education that should be considered. works. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children This is when parents pick a school that academically competitive. b.
the less problem a child will have with improper word use. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her ﬁrst language. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. Why is Mandarin important? 35. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. What is meant by the "team"? 32. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. If a dual language programmes isn't available. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. Therefore. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. The earlier a second language is learned. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. The more active in each language students become the more proﬁcient and conﬁdent they will be. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. When a child learn two languages in parallel. 29. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. or is too expensive. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. When do children start the process of learning? 31. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. Language acquisition needs to be active.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries.
We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. In the end. after or nor to connect the sentences below. B : I'd love to. 43. 54. Use for. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. that. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa." 42. The teacher gave the students a new book. those or theseto complete the sentences. A : . y Yeah. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. 41. Put this. books are mine. but. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. 40. 50. A B 52. The national museum is visited by the students. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a cholarship. Match them with their headlines. who else can children rely on to protect them. I sleep in the class sleepy. I have to inform ou. She said. . please. 49. A B 53. 45. "I don't know anything about the robbery. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions.C. Review 2 159 . before. Use and. I'm really 48. He buys a ruler on the way home. My uncle has had an accident. s . or or so to connect the sentences below. ! B 51. anytime. 46. Just pick me up at seven. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. A B : : : : : : : 44. I know her I work in the same place with her. 47.
57. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. 58. Bogor and Tangerang. e. Take her home and make her happy. We laugh hard. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. According to the parents of the victim.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. c. b.55. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. Torrential rain since August 19. We pray hard. We work hard. 56. The Headlines a. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. As if that had not been our intention all along. Floods Displace More than 7. has caused the Awash river to overﬂow its banks.
Monteiro. 1990. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Elaine and Darcy Jack. 1990. Israel. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Blundell.). 2003. Harris. Bandung: Graﬁndo Media Pratama. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 1994. 1999. Cambridge English for School. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Standar Isi. Ibrahim. Kirn. Root Christine. Lars and Michael Walker. 2002. Hartmann. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. Jon et al. 2003. Hill. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. A. Balanchard Karen. 2000. 1981. 2006. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pamela and James Mentel. London: Oxford University Press. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Achmad et. 2000. Doddy.G. L. Ready to Write. Little John. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 2003. Michael et al. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Second Edition. Tan Soon et al. L. New York: Pearson Education. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. Hock. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 1988. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Mellgren. 2000. 2002. English Form 3. Function in English.Bibliography Books Alexander. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Opportunities Elementary. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. English for SMA Volume 2. 1990. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Comber. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. English Form 4. 161 . Elaine (ed. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary.
366 and More Fairy Tales. 2008 Websites http://www.wikipedia.aesopfables. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. Practical English Usage.short-stories.my-indonesia. Tanka. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking.indonesiaheadline. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. Brown.grimmfairytales.com http://www.org http://www.thejakartapost. Alice and Ann Hogue. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.com http://www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com http://www.com http://www. May 2.canauthorsniagara. January 18. London: Oxford University Press.Nolasco. 2005. 1993.com http://www. 2005 The Jakarta Post. 2004 The Jakarta Post.express. Solomon (ed.). The World Book Encyclopedia.info http://www. Oshima. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.com/english http://www. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27. Watson. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.wordpress.uk http://www. Singapore: Oxford University Press. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly.masham3d. 1983. Reading.ﬁles. Michael. Judith et al. May 10.photobucket. Inc.unitechnology. 2007. March 8. 2006. New York: Macmillan. Schlakman.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1997. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004. 2002. Readings to Remember. Swan. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary.com http://www. 2005 Time.ac http://www.breakingnewsenglish. World Book. December 29. 2004.co.write. USA: World Book. Fourth Edition. 2008 The Jakarta Post.org http://www.com http://www.joglosemar.english. 2006 The Jakarta Post. April 15. Inc.about. Rob.com http://www.
1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. May. 2004. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2008 Kompas January. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales.football-walpapers. 23. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. Time. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. November 23-29. December 29. May 10. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www.com Microsoft Encarta. 2005. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. 2008 Tempo ompas. 2007 K Bibliography 163 . May 10. 1992 Tempo. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 www. The Jakarta Post. March 8. 2004 Publishers Weekly.com Earthquakes.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly.photobucket. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000.
relating to. used in. relating to. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. rudimentary tails. speciﬁcally: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on ﬂesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing ﬂowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. intricacy. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of ﬂuid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. caricature.
broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. quality. soundness. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. or destruction. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: ﬁrst-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difﬁculties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. increase. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deﬁciency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deﬁcient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. loss. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a ﬂeeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . especially: to increase or improve in value. timeless. desirability.
an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. occurring. group. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. speciﬁcally: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinumc rispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not veriﬁable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a ﬂuid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a deﬁnite volume and does not expand indeﬁnitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magniﬁcent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for proﬁt: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain.
a compressed abdomen. especially: rumour wildﬁre /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or sacriﬁced under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . jewels. make tight. destroyed. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular deﬁnite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conﬂict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a ﬁlling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-ﬁction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): ﬁction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientiﬁc factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow ﬂexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terriﬁc /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances.
115. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 167 recount 141. 152. 170. 50. 98. 179 G gratitude 75. 90. 98. 85. 27. 142. 174 procedure 57. 63. 172. 84. 74. 100. 141. 111. 70. 117. 169. Brown 83 Schlakman. 164 complication 41. 103. 129. 10 H happiness 25. 102. 138.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 179. 41 Watson. 81. 116. 152 F fable 37. 181 surprise 53. 3. 135. 178 invitation 53. 165. 16. Agus 11 Mellgren. 112. 37. 82. 25. 184 greeting 2. 46. T text structure 15. 159 S story 75. 101. 78. 80. 31. 166. 9. 26. 9. 80. 73 R recipe 66. Root Christine 14 Alexander. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 102. 162. 104. 15. 177. 184. 108. 174 congratulate 79. 153. 59. 60. 24. 99. 147. 68. 99. 135. 82. 117. 4. 22. 31. 7. 173. 101. 8. 132. 122. 40. 171. 71. 92. 26. 29. Michael 92 Little John. 82. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 165. 143. 102. 96. 93. 146 E events 11. 101. 166 P parting 2. 152 O orientation 15. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 67. 81. 130. 170 headline 82. 86 D description 106. 171. 34 appointment 54. L. 50. 140. 135. 158 introduce 3. 115. 125 direct speech 145. 136. 66. 128. 91. 94. 98. 30. 147. 83. 149. 55. 145. 10. 130. 177. 93. 85. 28. 148. 174. 102 compliment 78. 129. 100. 97. 88. 175. 31. 131. 142. 109. 112. 78. 148. 41. 3. 84. 134. 134. 41. 37. 80. 3. 8. 107. 33. 166 news item 151. 94. 75. 169. 159 pleasure 81. 139. 8. 9. 43. 137. 10 passive voice 96. 184 I instruction 2. 61 C character 13. 125 descriptive 107. 89. 16 Balanchard Karen. 24. 85. 10. 50. 139. 72. 42. 4. 79. 166 N narrative 14. 4. 40. 122. 116. 167 reported speech 145. 91. 101. 176 sympathy 78. 184 L legend 36. 4.Index Index of Subject A affection 28.
I must go now. Mirna : Well. Lina : Hi. they introduce each other. Rian : Oh. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Andi. Activity 3 Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. Then. Lina. I swam and surfed on the beach.K. Fany : That's O. I'm Dian. Mirna : Wow. It sounds great. Fany : Well. 4. See you later.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. I bought shirts. Lina : See you. I went to Bali. I'm sorry I'm late. 6. Let me introduce you to Lina. How do you do? Nice to meet you. Wina. Mari Memasak Sendiri. My name is Rian. too. Good morning. Dian : Good morning. shorts. I had a great vacation there. Rian : Yeah.. Hello. Allow me to introduce myself. I'm Rendi. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. this is Santi. How do you do? 4. Toni. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. I'm Fany. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. We are in the same class. A girl : Excuse me. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. It's OK. My name is Lina. Lina.. Rian : Bye. 5. My name is Rudi. Dian : Really? Good. 3. Mirna. Bye. this Lina. See you later. 3. Rian : Good morning. 2. Toni : Hello. and also traditional clothes. right. How are you? My name is . Dian : Nice to meet you too. A girl : Hi. Santi. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Santi : Hi. Fany. By the way. Nice to meet you. Santi : Hi. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. Hi. 169 . What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. Santi and I have to go right now. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Mirna : Anyway. Lina : No. so I have a friend to share with. Santi. I also played football and sand with my brother. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. There is someone approaching her. Take care.. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. My name's Desi. Nice to see you. 2. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. She meets Rian. Activity 4 1. Anyway. nice to meet you again after long holiday. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. it's nice to hear your story. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. 5. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. nice to meet you too. 1. Let me introduce myself. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. She interrupts them.
but it was fun to try. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. went 5. the food's great. there wasn't much left. played 10. but no tourists. I am also happy to have parents like you both. 3. 4. 2. My brother got an accident last night. The people are friendly. 8. left 6. bought 8. My father bought me a motorcycle. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. 5. good news 2. 4. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It gives me satisfaction. 1. Dear Evi and Andi. When do we go there. April. I hope. You win a free ticket to Bali. Hani : Hooray! That's great. and the weather's a lot better than at home. was 2. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. swam 7. surfed 9. Mom. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. 5. I'm so happy. You know what. I'm delighted to hear that. 3. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. Andi. He must have skidded in the rain. When I got back to town. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. did 3. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. so I was the one who talked to people. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great.Activity 9 1. as I said. I'm so happy. Love to your parents. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Activity 3 1. I swam two or three times a day. had 4. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 Words No. 7. It was a really great place. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. See you soon. Hani : Thanks Mom. Our teacher's father just passed away. but he was afraid to open his mouth. well.
The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always ﬁghting.000. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. "I heard that Budi was in jail. 2004 Activity 5 1. was he? He was. "Did you hear that Mr. But i don't know where to ﬁnd them.on it. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. if you are of one mind. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. I'm reading Aesop's fables. Taken from Readings to Remember." 3. Panji : Thank you very much. I'm interested in reading legends.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. Now. "Well done. Activity 7 1. The title is Uzumaki Naruto. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. The little girl said yes she was. hmmm . but if you are divided among yourselves. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. That's terrible. I am Lita. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. Boni : Folk tale books ." 2. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. he was such in pain. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food.its a bout superhero. You get Rp 10. You get a free ticket for this holiday. I need some books about folk tale. He couldn't even stand up." 4. Bon. on the TV news. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6." Tapescripts 171 . You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. I like to read fable. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence" 7. they are on the corner shelves. 2 3. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks.. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. Many people died and got serious injured. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. The story and the adventure is interesting. so he decided to teach them a lesson. What I don't know where to ﬁnd them. I am Ridwan. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. Boni : Let me help you. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. That's very kind of you. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house.." 5. The father said. He broke his legs. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello.000 credit bonus.. 4. All of them are folk tale books. "Congratulations. "Yesterday. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. He wasn't. Boni : Don't mention it. "My sons. Panji. "You are excellent and brilliant. My name is Putra I like reading comics.. and unite to assist each other.. I'll see him in the hospital right away. 100. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. Was he badly injured? Sure. My name's Fitra. Panji : Thank you.) These are the books that you need. Finally. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. you will be like these sticks together. I like Sangkuriang story. It's got Rp." 8.
that's OK. Lina : No. Now. my name is Lina. Spread butter on each piece. Ten minutes later. it won't surprise you. Dr Fauzi : See you.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. They enjoy reading stories. Nice to meet you. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . but I've got an exam tomorrow. Bye. The g irl : I'm Fanny. Rita : Wow. Andre. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you.00 in the morning. See you.. On the way home. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Thank you very much. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. It's OK. A girl : Excuse me.) It's very delicious. After that. I'm very sorry. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. She interrupts them. Then. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. Activity 3 1. I'll decide to come or not. Lina continues her reading. I'd like to. 10. I don't think I can come to your party. Fauzi. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Then. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. his friend calls him. decide. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. I'm sorry I can't make it. won't you? 3. First. Lina : It's very simple. Fauzi. There is someone approaching her. Fany : That's OK. This is Andre. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Doni : Great. I'll promise I'll be there. How about tomorrow morning? 8. I'm sorry I'm late. Mr Posuma : Hello. Finally. Activity 8 1. 4. Susi. He had a friend. great. 7.. It's me. who always sees him for general check up. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. I think . It has been two months since my last visit to you. Nice to meet you too. Mr Posuma : Hello. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. I have nothing to do. Let's meet at ﬁve. (Lina takes the sandwich. Dr Fauzi : Bye. This is about our appointment. Thank you for asking me. put the other piece on the top. Fany. One day. I will attend a meeting. Then. 9. Arief and Rita have a chat. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. We can meet next time. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. Santi : Hi. and watching drama. place the slices on one piece of the bread. See you there. novels. By the way. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. cut cheese into slices. I'd love to come. Dr Fauzi : OK. the girl offers something. You will come to my birthday. • Take two slices of bread. take two pieces of bread. but I can't come. please. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. • Cut some cheese into slices. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. After a long silence. 6. I'll be at your house at 8. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Mr Andre Posuma. Mr Posuma : Alright. Dr Fauzi : Well. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. I'd love to.
Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. Add boiling water. You will have a crease in the centre. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. 1. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. Activity 11 1. 2. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Now. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. Leave it for three minutes. Santi : Din. "and it's not there now. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. 8. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. It contained £50. Activity 9 Instruction: 1.' I said to the manager. Place the paper on a ﬂat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's ofﬁce and sat down. Take out the egg and let it cool. When it starts to boil.' The manager was sympathetic. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. Here it is. 7. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. Jim. but he could do nothing. say you want to make four cups of coffee.2. 5. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. Draw a face on your whale. So. 5. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. and stir it. James : Thanks for your help.' he said. Put an egg into the water. thanks. OK? You put four cups of cold water. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. you take it off the stove. "I left the money in my room. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. "Well. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. I'm Smith. I'm ﬁne. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. Heat the water. Then you light the gas. or else it'll overﬂow and make a terrible mess. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Alex : Good morning. What you have should look like a kite. Jim : Don't mention it. 4. 3. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. thanks a lot. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. then unfold it.' she said. Jim. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. 6. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. 4. 3. 3. Add some sugar or milk. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. Then. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. and when it reaches the top. Pour it into a glass or cup. See? OK? Andre : Yes. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3.' I said. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. Put some water in a pot. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. Boil the water for three minutes. 2. Make your folds as sharp as possible.
It is me. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. You are so kind. 7. Andi : Thank you very much. Andi : Oh. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. Andi. this is really delicious. too. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken.' Just then. 6. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. In the course of the meal. • Well done! • Fantastic/terriﬁc! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. How are you doing? Andi : I am ﬁne. She congratulates and compliments Andi. My brother won a national singing contest. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. I know you are very smart. I passed my ﬁnal exam 5. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. Desi : Hi. 4. his friend. Your performance is amazing. • May I congratulate you on …. Andi. he meets Desi. Desi : Thanks. • I like your hair style! • You're terriﬁc/fantastic. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. thanks. no. Desi. Desi : That's great. I've got it. Taken from English Bestseller 12. Joko : It's a terriﬁc job. Andi. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken.The following text is for questions 11 and 12.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. Andi. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. the farmer's youngest son ran in. Desi. politely saying. You look great. saying at the same time. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. 4. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. 8. 3. I got the highest score for the test. On the way home. Andi. 5. Desi : Wow. My stomach can't take any more food. I guess it's just my luck. 1. The next day. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. 3.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . By the way. "Oh. that's amazing. You look great today! I love your new hair style. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. I'm so happy right now. Desi : Never mind Andi. You know what. 2. 7. shouting. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. 6. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. Activity 3 1. 8. 2. "This is enough for me. Tie the ends together. I got a scholarship to study abroad. terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. 2. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. 3. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. It's my pleasure.
Taken from Microsoft Encarta. The Red and White Onions 3." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. and she worked very carefully. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. thanks. It worked very fast. And you? I'm just ﬁne. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. This man has saved y our daughter's life. Henry. After lunch she started to paint. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. please. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . Here it is. and in ten minutes all job was done. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. : : : : : : : : : : : : Activity 3 1. How are you this morning? Hi. Sangkuriang 4. I have to repaint it. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. I have kept the package for you. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. By the way. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. she said "Your house is ugly. one on top of the other. 3. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. It's all right. The Romans. My house is more beautiful than yours. The Witch was very happy. 4. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. When she looked around the room. The police have found your missing purse. Activity 5 A. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. in southwestern England. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. "my friend was right. sure. and the walls are bigger. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. Please come in and have a seat. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. C. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. That she got an idea. "Broom. Thanks. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. B. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Hello Yuni. 5. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to inﬁltrate the strong roman defense. Yuni. Great. Fine. The entire ediﬁce is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. Malin Kundang 2. I'll tell him. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. thank you.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. Thanks. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. How kind of you. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. In the afternoon she ﬁnished the lower part of her house. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. Here it is and thanks. Where do they originally come from? 1. Thanks. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint.
Many people became homeless. no! Another disaster? (Then. 3.OK my friends. I tell you the truth. : I'm serious. No. that's very surprising. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. Aldi : Shh. I don't believe it.) Iwan : Yeah. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. He told me about our holiday. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. : Keep calm guys. be quiet.. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. " The design of the park is under way. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. in July. We will have a holiday someday. I can't imagine that.. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. Many roads are ﬂooded. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. Iwan : Dad. I ﬁnd that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. That's very disappointing. Father : Oh. from April 18 to 20.. News 3 Lately. pay attention to our leader. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand. 5. Please. 7. : Oh. How very surprising/amazing. Well. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. Besides its thousand doors. The tender process for the project is expected to ﬁnish by the end of June. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. What a surprise! 2. please! I have something to tell you. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. dear." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. no. South Jakarta. South Jakarta.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. Oh really? Is it true? 3. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. What a shocking. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. This is terrible. You must be kidding. Really? 4. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. guys. I don't believe it. Thousands of people were killed. Father : We know how it feels. My goodness! 5. Are you serious? 6. 2. Andi : Attention. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. It seems that he brings bad news for us. Are you serious? 4. Good heavens! 6. It's very tragic. He ﬁnds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron.
Since early 2007. game consoles. 1. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. A staff of the local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. 1996 3. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. paralysing trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. the regency's capital. Herman. He is in the hospital now. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. Rani : Thanks. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world.000. with four Premier League games to go. when cereal prices began rising. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. to 7:30 p. no TV. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. Kristin : I can't come to your party. : I'm busy.000. I don't think I can make it. "The study time must be effective.. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. "My ofﬁce is still drafting the regulation on study time. Rita : Thank you. Tanti : Hey." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. In addition. November 18. You deserve to get that award. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. The following text is for questions 8 to 12. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. in time for National Education Day.com on Monday. The regulation.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. The trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday." Mochtar said. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. ﬁve hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125.m.m. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. he said. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. 2004 Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. During study time.00. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of ﬁnish homework. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. Agus : Well done. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. would be issued on May 2. : Let's meet at 8. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? Tapescripts 177 . Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. My brother is ill.
In March. 3. 5. had 7. Allow me to introduce myself 3.m. Nice to see you. at 4:00 in the afternoon. 4. 3. (b) Hi. 7. 6. Linda was born in 1952. lazy 10. Santi. We sang. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. 3. Activity 2 1. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 2. as I said. 5. He was walking down Sunda Street. He was so surprised. Hi. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. this Lina. b 2. My name is Lina. quiet 4. Activity 10 1. Desi. (b) Hi. My name is Rian 6. She confuse. Good morning 5. Activity 8 1. 3. Activity 4 1. 6. 5. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. Yes. speechless. 5. We went camping. 5. No. spent 12. She was born in October 31. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. She also introduces herself. 7. 28th 2008 at 8. (b) Glad to meet you. read poetry. got 2. It took for about one and a half hour. 3. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel.00 p. saw 6. She says see you. 10. Rudi. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. a Activity 8 1. well. happy.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. Good morning 2. How are you? 3. Nice to meet you. c 4. this is Santi. A piece of paper that the man gave. 7. Bye. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Andika did. 4. Nice to meet you too 8. 2. went 5. Event 3 : When I got back to town. than 8. 2. (b) Good morning. Activity 5 1. Activity 3 1. believe 9. danced. 4. played magic tricks. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. 5. 4. 4. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. Activity 3 1. Let me introduce you to Lina. 2. He was very friendly. b 5. 2. It takes place in the city park. I'm Dian. she didn't. She talks to Lina. Lina. I'm Deni. 4.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. 8. He was looking for a record store. she does. 4. At noon when it was getting darker. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. c 3. 2. swam 11. Activity 4 1. Yes he did. there wasn't much left. (a) I'm just ﬁne. too. I must go now 9. She was so surprised. get 3. Take care.
7. (a) Oh. 6. 4. A folk tale. 2. Because the colour of the petals of the ﬂowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. Six peoples. 2. 5. Answer may vary. 2. Activity 8 1. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. I'll take care of it. Activity 7 1. Sally was listening to music in her room. No. great 3. 10. Rosaura. 9. blessed Dialogue 2 1. 6. 8. Fitra. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. Activity 4 1. Hiding from her mother and father. Boni and Panji. Legends. Activity 3 1. You have my sincere condolences. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. 8. 5. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the ﬁelds. that's too bad 6. adventure novel. She cried in front of me. 10. 2. 3. even stand up 2. 3. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. Answer Key 179 . 4. I'm so glad right now.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. (b) Oh really? That's great. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. The red ﬂowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 9. proud 4. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. she didn't. 2. that's good news. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. 2. How awful! 5. waited 5. Rosaura ran away from her house. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. Answer may vary. Activity 9 1. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Activity 2 1. Answer may vary. Activity 6 1. nightgown on 3. Folk tales books 5. They didn't not know each other. superhero comics. No. disappeared 8. Ridwan. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. opened 2. 4. Did you hear 4. It's about ﬁnding the story books. He is looking for some books for his assignments. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. they couldn't. Sangkuriang 4. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. fable. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. 5. 7. Harry Potter 3. Superhero ﬁction. asked 7. 8. Putra. I'm so sorry to hear that. 3. Activity 4 Answers may vary. Metro-Goldwyn 4. happy 2. I'm so happy for you. 4. That's terrible 3. 7. saw that 4. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. Answers may vary. 3. a basket of food 6. (a) How terrible! 3. legends. Answer may vary.
you can break in two or three eggs. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. 2. 2. 2. Activity 10 1. Let's meet at ﬁve. Invitation. that's OK. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 12. 2. 2. b d a c a Listening 6. 4. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. 8. 1. 14. • First. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. Answers may vary 3. meat and eggs. b a c c b 16. Activity 3 1. d 17. 6. To make the fan move sideways. • Now. Ask a friend. Activity 2 1. garlic. 3. 3. then press the tilt adjustment knob. Activity 6 1. I'm sorry I can't make it. Being friendly. Activity 7 1. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese ﬂour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector ﬁrst then next ﬁnally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. First. vegetables. I'm sorry. c b a b d 11. 3. Review 1 A. How to Make a Cup of Tea. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. Activity 2 1. Activity 4 1. After that 7. tomatoes and cucumber. 3. 5. Certainly. • The best vegetables to use are onions. Being friendly. I'd love to. 13. if you like. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. Activity 2 1. Invitation. 4. 2. Could you tell me 5. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. Eighty six percents. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. d 2. 5. Activity 8 1. press one of the switches at the bottom. Thirty students. push the pin on top of the motor 4. Turkish coffee. on the top. Twenty eight. Nice to meet you. 10.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 7. I'll be there 6. pepper and other spices. d 4. 7. Do you want some? 3. I'd love to come. To change the speed of the fan. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Stir the mixture and add salt. To move the fan up or down. • Then. It's OK. How to Boil an Egg. 2. a 5. 4. a 3. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. Would you like to come to my house? 2. 4. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. • Finally. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. 4. 8. 15. 9. Answer may vary.
Activity 3 1. True 7. 31. 5. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. A family is helped by the ﬁreﬁghters from being trapped in a ruin. 4. while he was going from one village to another. 5. 25. the the a Yes. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Reading 18. 4. Fifty years. 2. 3. 43. True Activity 9 1. 20. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. True 5. come over 2. 6. b 5. Writing 23. c d b a a 41. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. 3. ﬁnished 8. It is me terriﬁc job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. went to the shop 6. 38. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Grendel 2. I think so. I'm so happy 5. a 2. c 4. 44. 5. False 3. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. it started Activity 10 1. 19. bought read Put shave killed. 7. 2. b 4. False 4. 7. 27. Thank you very much 4. Yes. 29. How are you doing 2. 36. 45. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. A special sword. 10. a 4. b 5. b 2. a c c b c C. e 3. True 2. Well done! 7. True 6. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. False 8. he felt very tired 3. 21. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. 6. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. 3. 8. 37. started to 7. a paint brush 10. they didin't. looked around 5. shouted 4. more beautiful 3. Is it true 2. Answer Key 181 . You look great today 3. a 3. The wax statue is melted by a ﬁre at the House of Wax. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. Activity 3 1. 24. Congratulations 6. Activity 6 1. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. 42. 40. 4. 4. 9. She went to the castle and killed a knight. 33. A dragon. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. 30. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. He died. 22. 5. c Activity 2 1. d a a d c 28. I do. Activity 8 1. b 35. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. 39. (k) One day. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. Activity 4 1.B. a 3. d 34. 32. No. 6. found out 9. 26. ran away.
9.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. 2. Activity 12 1. F 4. for 12. 6. It is on Niagara River. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary.8 kilometre). On Sunday morning.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. doors. f 3. b 5. thanks 4. coconut-palms and birds. Activity 5 A.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. long winding corridors 6. 3. for 5. 4. 6. She'd love to. T 5. for 15. Yes. 7. Thanks. landmark Location: in the South Paciﬁc. T 2. historical buildings 2. how kind of you. 5. he can. near Activity 13 1. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. I won't say no. k 4. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. h Activity 4 1. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-riceﬁelds. 5. 5. East of the cave. 11. l 13. thanks 2. b 4. Activity 8 1. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.5 mile (0. It's all right. a 8. 4. for 2. a thousand doors 4. Activity 3 1. 5. m 11. Wiyogo. how grateful I am. 3. 4. Wareng village. 3. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. j 2. Ardi does. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. And so on. in Tabuhan. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. a 3. Africa Time of building: 1. 2. 3. at 9. e 6. c 12. The wall is from stone and the ﬂoors. 2. for 3. Yes. 6. of 10. Activity 3 1. of 11. Lawang Sewu 3. 10. he is. 3. 7. 2. 90 years old. g 7. thanks 1. Activity 2 1. 2. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. 5. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. F 3. Canada and the United States. to 14. of 6. Activity 7 Answers may vary. Returning sport magazine he lent. 4.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. on 7. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. in a lime hill called Tapan. Easter Island Answers may vary. d 5. of 8. thank you 3. in 13. A steep gorge. Activity 2 1. a 2. b 10. Picture 2 B. 3. 8. and roofs are from wood. i 9. Activity 10 1. It is located near Pacitan in East Java.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. of 4. Picture 3 C. stained glass windows 5.
we can't. News 5 Activity 9 1. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. 3. How the Tower of London was. huge 2. issued 4. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. News 4 6. to study 5. Paragraph 7 5. is the home of the Crown Jewels. I don't believe it. execution. and. Attention 4. showing nine centuries of British history. ceremonies. T 2. Oh. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. F 5. 8. lovely 5. Lights. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. phrases. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. T 4. look! 2. Activity 2 1. Kauai. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. no! 4. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. Activity 4 The Tower of London was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. regulation 3. 2. 10. Since then it has been a fortress. they do. 3.250 euros per person for seven nights. The Tower is one of the U. entertainment centers 6. This is terrible. draw 3. Activity 7 1. Yes.8. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. will force 2. News 2 4. 6. F 3. 4. F 9. Activity 5 1. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. and a prison-the scene of murder. In 1999. Paragraph 10–12 2. How the Tower of London is now. Paragraph 14 2. A plain big stone. Paragraph 17 3. Paragraph 3 4. T 8. 9. 5.'s ﬁnest castles. and years of imprisonments. 9. F 10. crowded 4. a palace. bad news 5.K. Full board. News 1 5. Are you serious? 2. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. No. They contain a description of places. Oh. 3. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. As little as 1. 3. 2. News 3 2. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. News 6 3. Big Island and Maui. Activity 5 1. 7. F 6. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. Activity 7 1. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1.700 kilograms. from colourful shirts. T Activity 6 1. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. F 7. through ﬂower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. Oahu. "Fine". It also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays. Answer Key 183 . so gloomy 6.
7. 52. students. Reading C. 31. b c c a 9. 10. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. c 58. These 47. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. c 21. 6. 35. Activity 4 1. b c 27. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. before 49. 16. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The man said. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. 50. 40. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. T 3. b a d c Listening 5. 30. 41. Between the age of two and six. T Activity 5 1. 54. 51. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. the events 4. 29. "Please return my books that you borrowed. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. 4. F 4. ending statements Activity 3 1. 18. 2. In the room where top scientists meet 4. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. 11. a Activity 7 1. introductory paragraph 3. 42. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions." said Mrs Zakia. 4. b a 22. Jazz forecast All weekend."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Answers may vary. d b 25. "Meet me in my ofﬁce. Ministry of Defence. 3. a 5. Those 46. b 2. F 6. and schools. d b 28. 19. photograph 6. b c 24. "The team' means parents. 34. d d 26. "Would you like to participate in school workshop." asked Nia. 13. Alya said. 36. The students were given a new book by the teacher. Review 2 A. but 48. for 45. b 57. headline 2. quotes 8. From the time of birth. a 56." 5. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. 12. T 2. 32. b 4.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary." 2. B. 14. a 3. 20. caption 7. Activity 2 1. 17. T 5." said Mr Ardi. they have. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. 3. c c 23. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. 15. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. 38. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. 8. but 44. date 5. 3. 1. d 55. 37. Activity 9 1. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. 53. 2. a d a c 39. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. The students visit the national museum. 33. Yes. Hamdan asked.
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