Slide lab 8

Raed Al-Abbade & Abdulaziz hodipy

Lab 8 (1) TMJ


Lateral pterygoid muscle

Inter Articular disc

Temporal pone

Lower joint cavity**

articular surface


Interarticular disc

Temporal bone
Upper joint cavity** **Joint cavities: contain synovial fluid divided into 2 regions by the interarticular disc . Upper : bw interarticular disc and temporal bone Lower : bw interarticular disc and the condyle

(2) Ossification zone 3



Lower joint cavity Fibrous articular surface zone 3=calcification zone at border bw cartilage &formed bone 2=hypertrophy zone of the secondary condylar cartilage (which is thicker in chondyle of child than in chondyle adults ). 1=cell-rich proliferative zone



Parotid gland Superior lamina


Inferior lamina

Demonstration: retrodiscal tissue " bilaminar zone " : *lies post. to the condyle *fxn attach the disc to the capsule posteriorly. *2 layers : 1- sup. Lamina : loose + posses many vascular elements and elastin fibers . & Attaches to the ant. Margin of the squamotympanic fissure . 2- inf .lamina : Avascular , less elastin fibers & attached to the post. Margin of the condyle *Note : as the mand. Condyle move anteriorly during jaw opening , blood enters the retrodiscal tissue & leaves it during jaw closure .


Synchondrsis Body of sphenoid Basilar part of occipital

Synchondrsis is remnant of temporal bone ossification

Resting zone

calcification zone Proliferative zone Ossification zone

(5) symphysis menti

Fibrous tissue in mid-portion

Note that symphysis menti differ from Synchondrsis in : no zone of ossification no zone of calcification zone the resting zone cells are not parallel

(6)submandibular gland

Striated duct ** Fat cells

Collecting duct*** Seruos acini ( deeply stained=basophilic)

** Striated duct : small lumen ,, wall composed of columnar cells with centrally located nuclei ,,,& it lies in the intra lobular region .

*** Collecting duct: large lumen ,,,wall composed of tow layers( columnar + basal ) ,,,,& it lies in the interlobular septa ,, surrounded by adventitia .

(7) submandibular gland :

**** With age, there is a decrease in parenchyma and an increase in stroma (esp. fat cells)
Dr. ashraf corrected the name of this slide from parotide to submandibular because it has some mucus gland as shown in next picture

Serous gland

Mucous gland

(8) sublingual salivary gland :

Mucous acinus Mixed acini ( serous demilune cells capping mucous cells) Serous acinus

(9) oral mucosa

Stratum germinativum ( basal)

Non-keratinocytes cells***

Stratum granulosum `

Stratum corneum ( kertinised)

Stratum spinosum(prickle cell layer) Note: Non-keratinocytes cells have clear cytoplasm and it may be melanocytes or
merckles cells .

(10) non – keratinized epithelium

(11) tongue

Core of papilla (lamina propria) Fungiform papillae ** Taste bud

Note: contain taste buds at top surface

Note: filiform papillae appear as extensions on the surface of the tongue

(12) tongue 2

Ventral surface of tongue = non-keratinized epi

. Post 1/3 of tongue contain mucous glands and lingual tonsils –lymph nodules aggregation-

Part of tongue ant. To sulcus terminalis ( contain valalte papillae wit Von Ebner glands )

(13) vallate papilla

Taste bud

Cicumvallate papilla

Note vallate papilla are non-keratinized test bud are present laterally and may present in adjacent side

Done by raeed abbadi Reviewed and edited by abdulaziz hodipy

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